267s Ua lub sijhawm pua ​​9 Iraqi Iraqi lustreware tais replica images and subtitles

Kuv yog Andrew Hazelden thiab kuv tau ua tus kws puab ua haujlwm ntev dua 30 lub xyoos. Kuv xav tias ib qho ntawm kev nyiam nrog luster hauv keeb kwm yog tias lawv tau tsim cov kub tawm ntawm dab tsi tsis tau kub thiab lawv tau xav tias yuav yog alchemists. Koj xav tias koj tuaj yeem ploj mus nyob rau hauv saib lub iridescence ntawm lauj kaub ci uas ua rau koj xav tias koj nyob hauv lwm lub ntiaj teb. Cov luster yog cov txheej txheem uas koj siv hlau sulphides los tsim ib qho chaw tsis ncaj ntawm lub lauj kaub. Nws yog cov txheej txheem hloov maj mam thiab txheej txheem ntau. Lub khob ntim no yog luam tawm ntawm Iraq xyoo pua 9 lub tais. Kuv yeej tau siv nws hauv kev ua cov tais no av nplaum los ntawm Ltalis los ntawm Deruta uas yog xim buff. Yog li kuv coj lub pob ntawm av nplaum yog tsuas yog tshaj ib phaus hauv qhov hnyav thiab nws tau muab pov tseg rau ntawm lub lauj kaub ua lauj kaub lub log thiab tej zaum yuav siv tsib feeb pov cov qauv duab. Nws tawm mus li ob peb hnub kom tau tawv tawv. Thaum nws tawv tawv nws tau muab thim rov qab thiab ko taw tig. Tom qab ko taw yog tig lub tais yuav tsum tau ziab txhua hnub thiab tom qab ntawd nws tau muaj nws tua thawj zaug uas yog tua biscuit ces nws tau noj thiab tais rau hauv lub ntsej muag dawb uas yog feem ntau tin oxide kom nws dawb ces nws rov raug rho tawm haujlwm ib zaug ntxiv. Cov txheej txheem txuas ntxiv yog pleev xim nws nrog luster xim. Cov xim xim uas kuv siv los pleev xim rau lub tais no yog ua los ntawm tooj liab sulphide tab sis nws tseem muaj qee cov nyiaj hauv nws thiab nws kuj tseem yuav muab txiag nrog tooj liab thiab xev. Nws yog tom qab ntawd calcined yog li nws tau raug rho tawm haujlwm txog qhov kub txias - 650 centigrade. Tom qab nws tau calcined nws tau coj thiab hauv av thiab thiab tom qab ntawd nws tau sib xyaw ua kua qaub uas yog thaum nws tau pleev xim. Lub teev tsim tau theej los ntawm no xyoo pua 9 xyoo Iraq lub tais. Qhov tseeb yuav ua li cas ua haujlwm tawm dab tsi txhuam lawv tau siv thiab maj mam siv ib tus txhuam zoo sib xws. Cov nplaim hluav taws ci tsis xav tau qhov cub uas muaj lub peev xwm los txo cov pa oxygen koj tab tom sim tsim ib qho chaw uas tsis muaj oxygen uas txo cov pigments coj tawm cov nyiaj thiab cov tooj liab. Koj tsim pa taws Txoj kev uas kuv ua yog mus tshaj tawm cov ntawv me me ntawm cov ntoo rau hauv lub qhov cub dhau ntawm cov neeg soj xyuas lub qhov thiab qhov ntawd thawb tawm oxygen. Tom qab ntawd koj tso cai rau cov pa rov qab rau hauv lub sijhawm luv luv mus ua kom tshem tawm lub chamber thiab hais tias oxidation thiab txo spasm yog qhov tseem ceeb los tsim qhov chaw khoob khoob ntawm lub lauj kaub. Thaum lub laujkaub tawm ntawm lub nplaim hluavtaws nws tseem zoo li nws tsuas yog av nplaum them rau hauv av nplaum koj ces yuav tsum tau tshiav lub ocher tawm nrog ib tug nrog abrasive. Koj yuav tsum tau paub txog seb lub foob pob hluav taws tau ua haujlwm lossis tsis tau vim tias yog nws tau ua haujlwm koj yuav pib pom ib daig xim liab lossis ib qho nyiaj. Yog li ntawd qhov feem ntau qhov kev tshaj lij yog qhov muab tshuaj ntxuav ntawm lub lauj kaub tom qab tua koj nyob nraum tsis paub dab tsi yuav tshwm sim thiab cov txiaj ntsig tsis paub tau tab sis nws yog lub iridescence zoo li muaj lub neej ntawm nws tus kheej. Koj yuav tsum qee zaum qog lub lauj kaub rau ntawm mus rau lub teeb kom pom qhov tsis pom kev yog li nyob ntawm lub kaum sab xis uas koj tuav lub lauj kaub yog nyob ntawm seb koj pom ntawm iridescence lossis tsis. Yog li nws zoo li muaj ntau yam tshwm sim tsis meej

Ua lub sijhawm pua ​​9 Iraqi Iraqi lustreware tais replica

In 9th century Iraq, potters who could master the lustre technique were considered alchemists - people who could turn dull clay into something almost gold. We teamed up with ceramicist Andrew Hazelden to see if he could recreate a 9th century Iraqi lustre bowl in the British Museum collection. To find out more about the original bowl: bit.ly/33t6ca6 To see this bowl in person, as well as other amazing objects from the historic and contemporary Islamic world, check out The Albukhary Foundation Gallery of the Islamic world: bit.ly/3a4TKQf
Archaeology, Museum, Art, British Museum, Anthropology, History,
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< start="7.76" dur="5.24"> Kuv yog Andrew Hazelden thiab kuv tau ua tus kws puab ua haujlwm ntev dua 30 lub xyoos. >

< start="13" dur="3.96"> Kuv xav tias ib qho ntawm kev nyiam nrog luster hauv keeb kwm >

< start="16.96" dur="2.42"> yog tias lawv tau tsim cov kub >

< start="19.38" dur="2.2"> tawm ntawm dab tsi tsis tau kub >

< start="21.58" dur="2.8"> thiab lawv tau xav tias yuav yog alchemists. >

< start="24.38" dur="1.92"> Koj xav tias koj tuaj yeem ploj mus >

< start="26.3" dur="2.96"> nyob rau hauv saib lub iridescence ntawm lauj kaub ci >

< start="29.26" dur="5.4"> uas ua rau koj xav tias koj nyob hauv lwm lub ntiaj teb. >

< start="34.66" dur="5.28"> Cov luster yog cov txheej txheem uas koj siv hlau sulphides >

< start="39.94" dur="4.8"> los tsim ib qho chaw tsis ncaj ntawm lub lauj kaub. >

< start="44.74" dur="4.06"> Nws yog cov txheej txheem hloov maj mam thiab txheej txheem ntau. >

< start="48.8" dur="6.14"> Lub khob ntim no yog luam tawm ntawm Iraq xyoo pua 9 lub tais. >

< start="54.94" dur="7.92"> Kuv yeej tau siv nws hauv kev ua cov tais no av nplaum los ntawm Ltalis los ntawm Deruta >

< start="62.86" dur="4.8"> uas yog xim buff. >

< start="67.66" dur="1.46"> Yog li kuv coj lub pob ntawm av nplaum yog >

< start="69.12" dur="4.48"> tsuas yog tshaj ib phaus hauv qhov hnyav thiab nws tau muab pov tseg rau ntawm lub lauj kaub ua lauj kaub lub log >

< start="73.6" dur="7.2"> thiab tej zaum yuav siv tsib feeb pov cov qauv duab. >

< start="80.8" dur="4.58"> Nws tawm mus li ob peb hnub kom tau tawv tawv. >

< start="85.38" dur="4.33"> Thaum nws tawv tawv nws tau muab thim rov qab thiab ko taw tig. >

< start="89.71" dur="5.77"> Tom qab ko taw yog tig lub tais yuav tsum tau ziab txhua hnub >

< start="95.48" dur="5.12"> thiab tom qab ntawd nws tau muaj nws tua thawj zaug uas yog tua biscuit >

< start="100.6" dur="4.54"> ces nws tau noj thiab tais rau hauv lub ntsej muag dawb >

< start="105.14" dur="3.689"> uas yog feem ntau tin oxide kom nws dawb >

< start="108.829" dur="3.651"> ces nws rov raug rho tawm haujlwm ib zaug ntxiv. >

< start="112.48" dur="4.16"> Cov txheej txheem txuas ntxiv yog pleev xim nws nrog luster xim. >

< start="116.64" dur="7.26"> Cov xim xim uas kuv siv los pleev xim rau lub tais no yog ua los ntawm tooj liab sulphide >

< start="123.9" dur="4.46"> tab sis nws tseem muaj qee cov nyiaj hauv nws >

< start="128.36" dur="4.86"> thiab nws kuj tseem yuav muab txiag nrog tooj liab thiab xev. >

< start="133.22" dur="6.96"> Nws yog tom qab ntawd calcined yog li nws tau raug rho tawm haujlwm txog qhov kub txias - 650 centigrade. >

< start="140.18" dur="3"> Tom qab nws tau calcined nws tau coj thiab hauv av thiab >

< start="143.18" dur="6.72"> thiab tom qab ntawd nws tau sib xyaw ua kua qaub uas yog thaum nws tau pleev xim. >

< start="150.12" dur="6.06"> Lub teev tsim tau theej los ntawm no xyoo pua 9 xyoo Iraq lub tais. >

< start="156.18" dur="4.6"> Qhov tseeb yuav ua li cas ua haujlwm tawm dab tsi txhuam lawv tau siv thiab maj mam siv ib tus txhuam zoo sib xws. >

< start="160.78" dur="6.15"> Cov nplaim hluav taws ci tsis xav tau qhov cub uas muaj lub peev xwm los txo cov pa oxygen >

< start="166.93" dur="3.59"> koj tab tom sim tsim ib qho chaw uas tsis muaj oxygen >

< start="170.52" dur="5.68"> uas txo cov pigments coj tawm cov nyiaj thiab cov tooj liab. >

< start="176.2" dur="1.46"> Koj tsim pa taws >

< start="177.66" dur="6.96"> Txoj kev uas kuv ua yog mus tshaj tawm cov ntawv me me ntawm cov ntoo rau hauv lub qhov cub dhau ntawm cov neeg soj xyuas lub qhov >

< start="184.62" dur="2.84"> thiab qhov ntawd thawb tawm oxygen. >

< start="187.46" dur="4.68"> Tom qab ntawd koj tso cai rau cov pa rov qab rau hauv lub sijhawm luv luv mus ua kom tshem tawm lub chamber >

< start="192.14" dur="9.069"> thiab hais tias oxidation thiab txo spasm yog qhov tseem ceeb los tsim qhov chaw khoob khoob ntawm lub lauj kaub. >

< start="201.5" dur="5.129"> Thaum lub laujkaub tawm ntawm lub nplaim hluavtaws nws tseem zoo li nws tsuas yog av nplaum >

< start="206.629" dur="2.351"> them rau hauv av nplaum >

< start="208.98" dur="8.82"> koj ces yuav tsum tau tshiav lub ocher tawm nrog ib tug nrog abrasive. >

< start="217.8" dur="5.4"> Koj yuav tsum tau paub txog seb lub foob pob hluav taws tau ua haujlwm lossis tsis tau >

< start="223.2" dur="4.4"> vim tias yog nws tau ua haujlwm koj yuav pib pom ib daig xim liab lossis ib qho nyiaj. >

< start="227.6" dur="5.43"> Yog li ntawd qhov feem ntau qhov kev tshaj lij yog qhov muab tshuaj ntxuav ntawm lub lauj kaub tom qab tua >

< start="233.03" dur="5.51"> koj nyob nraum tsis paub dab tsi yuav tshwm sim thiab cov txiaj ntsig tsis paub tau >

< start="238.54" dur="5.6"> tab sis nws yog lub iridescence zoo li muaj lub neej ntawm nws tus kheej. >

< start="244.18" dur="7.1"> Koj yuav tsum qee zaum qog lub lauj kaub rau ntawm mus rau lub teeb kom pom qhov tsis pom kev >

< start="251.28" dur="2.819"> yog li nyob ntawm lub kaum sab xis uas koj tuav lub lauj kaub yog nyob ntawm seb >

< start="254.099" dur="2.421"> koj pom ntawm iridescence lossis tsis. >

< start="256.52" dur="7.42"> Yog li nws zoo li muaj ntau yam tshwm sim tsis meej >