267s Kupanga chithunzi chamakono cha Iraq cha 9th images and subtitles

Ndine Andrew Hazelden ndipo ndakhala woumba kwa zaka zopitilira 30. Ndikuganiza kuti chimodzi mwazosangalatsa ndi chosiririka m'mbiri ndikuti amapanga golide kuchokera komwe kunalibe golide ndipo amaganiziridwa kuti ndi alchemists. Mukuwona kuti mutha kusochera poyang'ana pa kusakhazikika kwa mphika wosilira zomwe zimakupangitsani kuganiza kuti muli kudziko lina. The luster ndi njira yomwe mumagwiritsa ntchito zitsulo zopopera kupanga malo osakhazikika pamphika. Ndi njira yochenjera kwambiri komanso yovuta. Mbaleyi ndi chithunzi cha mbale ya Iraq ya m'zaka za zana la 9. Ndinagwiritsa ntchito popanga mbale iyi dongo kuchokera ku Italy kuchokera ku Deruta womwe ndi mtundu wa buff. Chifukwa chake ndimatenga mpira wa dongo kupitirira kilogalamu imodzi yolemera ndipo imaponyedwa pagudumu la woumba ndipo zingatenge mphindi zisanu kutaya mawonekedwewo. Kwatsalira masiku angapo kuti chikopa chizikhala cholimba. Ikakhala yachikopa kolimba imasunthidwa ndikuti phazi limatembenuka. Phazi likasinthidwa mbale iyenera kuti izisuma mu Dzuwa Pambuyo pake imayamba kuwombera koyamba komwe ndiko kuwombera kwa biscuit ndiye imatengedwa ndikuviviika ndikuyera chomwe makamaka chimakhala oxide kuti chikhale choyera ndiye imathamangitsidwanso. Njira yotsatira ndikupaka utoto ndi mtundu wa luster. Utoto womwe ndimagwiritsa ntchito kupaka utoto uwu makamaka umapangidwa ndi sulufule wamkuwa komanso ilinso ndi siliva mmenemo Ndipo ipangidwanso ndi oxide wofiyira ndi dongo. Ndiye imawerengeredwa kotero imayatsidwa pafupifupi kutentha kowala - 650 centigrade. Pambuyo poyesedwa imatengedwa ndi nthaka ndipo kenako imasakanizidwa ndi viniga ndi pomwe imapakidwa utoto. Mapangidwe a madontho adakopeka kuchokera ku mbale iyi ya 9th Iraq. M'malo mwake momwe mungakhalire ndi maburashi omwe adagwiritsa ntchito burashi yomweyo. Kuwombera kosafunikira kumafunikira khola lomwe limatha kuchepetsa mpweya mukuyesera kupanga mkhalidwe momwe mulibe mpweya amene amachepetsa ma pigment kuti atulutse siliva ndi mkuwa. Mumapanga utsi Momwe ndimapangira izi ndikutumiza nkhuni zazing'ono pamtunda kuti zisalemo ndipo izi zimakankhira mpweya. Kenako mumalola mpweya kuti ubwerere kwakanthawi kochepa kuti chipindacho chitsegulidwe komanso kuti makutidwe ndi okosijeni ndi kuchepetsa kuphipha ndikofunikira kuti pakhale pang'onopang'ono poto. Mphika utatuluka mu nyemba zosilira umawoneka ngati dongo yokutidwa ndi dongo ndiye kuti muyenera kufafaniza chowola ndi chowawa. Mukudziwa ndiye kuti kuwombera kwaphulika kwatha kapena ayi chifukwa ngati chatha ntchito muyamba kuwona red ircentcent kapena siliva. Kotero ndiye gawo lamatsenga kwambiri ndikutulutsa mapoto atatha kuwombera simudziwa bwinobwino zomwe zichitike ndipo zotsatira zake sizikulosera koma ndiko kusamveka komwe kumawoneka kuti kumakhala ndi moyo wawoawo. Muyenera kuti nthawi zina muziyala mphika kulowera kuwalako kotero kutengera ngodya yomwe wanyamula mphika zimatengera ngati mumawona kusakhudzika kapena ayi. Chifukwa chake zikuwoneka ngati zachilendo kuchitika

Kupanga chithunzi chamakono cha Iraq cha 9th

In 9th century Iraq, potters who could master the lustre technique were considered alchemists - people who could turn dull clay into something almost gold. We teamed up with ceramicist Andrew Hazelden to see if he could recreate a 9th century Iraqi lustre bowl in the British Museum collection. To find out more about the original bowl: bit.ly/33t6ca6 To see this bowl in person, as well as other amazing objects from the historic and contemporary Islamic world, check out The Albukhary Foundation Gallery of the Islamic world: bit.ly/3a4TKQf
Archaeology, Museum, Art, British Museum, Anthropology, History,
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< start="7.76" dur="5.24"> Ndine Andrew Hazelden ndipo ndakhala woumba kwa zaka zopitilira 30. >

< start="13" dur="3.96"> Ndikuganiza kuti chimodzi mwazosangalatsa ndi chosiririka m'mbiri >

< start="16.96" dur="2.42"> ndikuti amapanga golide >

< start="19.38" dur="2.2"> kuchokera komwe kunalibe golide >

< start="21.58" dur="2.8"> ndipo amaganiziridwa kuti ndi alchemists. >

< start="24.38" dur="1.92"> Mukuwona kuti mutha kusochera >

< start="26.3" dur="2.96"> poyang'ana pa kusakhazikika kwa mphika wosilira >

< start="29.26" dur="5.4"> zomwe zimakupangitsani kuganiza kuti muli kudziko lina. >

< start="34.66" dur="5.28"> The luster ndi njira yomwe mumagwiritsa ntchito zitsulo zopopera >

< start="39.94" dur="4.8"> kupanga malo osakhazikika pamphika. >

< start="44.74" dur="4.06"> Ndi njira yochenjera kwambiri komanso yovuta. >

< start="48.8" dur="6.14"> Mbaleyi ndi chithunzi cha mbale ya Iraq ya m'zaka za zana la 9. >

< start="54.94" dur="7.92"> Ndinagwiritsa ntchito popanga mbale iyi dongo kuchokera ku Italy kuchokera ku Deruta >

< start="62.86" dur="4.8"> womwe ndi mtundu wa buff. >

< start="67.66" dur="1.46"> Chifukwa chake ndimatenga mpira wa dongo >

< start="69.12" dur="4.48"> kupitirira kilogalamu imodzi yolemera ndipo imaponyedwa pagudumu la woumba >

< start="73.6" dur="7.2"> ndipo zingatenge mphindi zisanu kutaya mawonekedwewo. >

< start="80.8" dur="4.58"> Kwatsalira masiku angapo kuti chikopa chizikhala cholimba. >

< start="85.38" dur="4.33"> Ikakhala yachikopa kolimba imasunthidwa ndikuti phazi limatembenuka. >

< start="89.71" dur="5.77"> Phazi likasinthidwa mbale iyenera kuti izisuma mu Dzuwa >

< start="95.48" dur="5.12"> Pambuyo pake imayamba kuwombera koyamba komwe ndiko kuwombera kwa biscuit >

< start="100.6" dur="4.54"> ndiye imatengedwa ndikuviviika ndikuyera >

< start="105.14" dur="3.689"> chomwe makamaka chimakhala oxide kuti chikhale choyera >

< start="108.829" dur="3.651"> ndiye imathamangitsidwanso. >

< start="112.48" dur="4.16"> Njira yotsatira ndikupaka utoto ndi mtundu wa luster. >

< start="116.64" dur="7.26"> Utoto womwe ndimagwiritsa ntchito kupaka utoto uwu makamaka umapangidwa ndi sulufule wamkuwa >

< start="123.9" dur="4.46"> komanso ilinso ndi siliva mmenemo >

< start="128.36" dur="4.86"> Ndipo ipangidwanso ndi oxide wofiyira ndi dongo. >

< start="133.22" dur="6.96"> Ndiye imawerengeredwa kotero imayatsidwa pafupifupi kutentha kowala - 650 centigrade. >

< start="140.18" dur="3"> Pambuyo poyesedwa imatengedwa ndi nthaka ndipo >

< start="143.18" dur="6.72"> kenako imasakanizidwa ndi viniga ndi pomwe imapakidwa utoto. >

< start="150.12" dur="6.06"> Mapangidwe a madontho adakopeka kuchokera ku mbale iyi ya 9th Iraq. >

< start="156.18" dur="4.6"> M'malo mwake momwe mungakhalire ndi maburashi omwe adagwiritsa ntchito burashi yomweyo. >

< start="160.78" dur="6.15"> Kuwombera kosafunikira kumafunikira khola lomwe limatha kuchepetsa mpweya >

< start="166.93" dur="3.59"> mukuyesera kupanga mkhalidwe momwe mulibe mpweya >

< start="170.52" dur="5.68"> amene amachepetsa ma pigment kuti atulutse siliva ndi mkuwa. >

< start="176.2" dur="1.46"> Mumapanga utsi >

< start="177.66" dur="6.96"> Momwe ndimapangira izi ndikutumiza nkhuni zazing'ono pamtunda kuti zisalemo >

< start="184.62" dur="2.84"> ndipo izi zimakankhira mpweya. >

< start="187.46" dur="4.68"> Kenako mumalola mpweya kuti ubwerere kwakanthawi kochepa kuti chipindacho chitsegulidwe >

< start="192.14" dur="9.069"> komanso kuti makutidwe ndi okosijeni ndi kuchepetsa kuphipha ndikofunikira kuti pakhale pang'onopang'ono poto. >

< start="201.5" dur="5.129"> Mphika utatuluka mu nyemba zosilira umawoneka ngati dongo >

< start="206.629" dur="2.351"> yokutidwa ndi dongo >

< start="208.98" dur="8.82"> ndiye kuti muyenera kufafaniza chowola ndi chowawa. >

< start="217.8" dur="5.4"> Mukudziwa ndiye kuti kuwombera kwaphulika kwatha kapena ayi >

< start="223.2" dur="4.4"> chifukwa ngati chatha ntchito muyamba kuwona red ircentcent kapena siliva. >

< start="227.6" dur="5.43"> Kotero ndiye gawo lamatsenga kwambiri ndikutulutsa mapoto atatha kuwombera >

< start="233.03" dur="5.51"> simudziwa bwinobwino zomwe zichitike ndipo zotsatira zake sizikulosera >

< start="238.54" dur="5.6"> koma ndiko kusamveka komwe kumawoneka kuti kumakhala ndi moyo wawoawo. >

< start="244.18" dur="7.1"> Muyenera kuti nthawi zina muziyala mphika kulowera kuwalako >

< start="251.28" dur="2.819"> kotero kutengera ngodya yomwe wanyamula mphika zimatengera ngati >

< start="254.099" dur="2.421"> mumawona kusakhudzika kapena ayi. >

< start="256.52" dur="7.42"> Chifukwa chake zikuwoneka ngati zachilendo kuchitika >