267s Ho etsa setšoantšo sa sekepe sa Iraq sa lustreware images and subtitles

Ke Andrew Hazelden mme ke bile sebopeho ka lilemo tse fetang tse 30. Ke nahana e le e 'ngoe ea lintho tse khahlang ka litakatso nalaneng ke hore ba ne ba theha khauta ntle le se neng se sa khauta 'me ho ne ho nahanoa hore ke bo-ramahlale. O utloa eka o ka lahleha ka ho sheba ho phahama ha pitsa ea tatso e etsang hore o nahane hore o lefatšeng le leng. The luster ke mokhoa moo o sebelisang li-sulphides tsa tšepe ho theha bokaholimo ba pitseng. Ke mokhoa o poteletseng le o rarahaneng. Sekotlolo sena ke sejana sa Iraq sa lekholo la 9 la lilemo. Ha e le hantle ke ile ka e sebelisa ho etsa sekotlolo sena ka letsopa le tsoang Italy le tsoang Deruta e leng mmala oa buff. Kahoo ke nka bolo ea letsopa e feta kilogerama ka boima mme e lahleloa lebili la sebopi mme e ka nka metsotso e mehlano ho lahlela sebopeho. Ho setse matsatsi a 'maloa hore letlalo le be thata. Ha e se e le letlalo le thata e khutlisetsoa le hore leoto le retelehile. Hang ha leoto le serohile sekotlolo se tlameha ho omisoa ka botlalo ho Letsatsi mme kamora moo e na le thunya ea eona ea pele eo e leng ho thunya ha biscuit ebe ea nkuoa ebe e kenngoa ka har'a pente e tšoeu eo boholo ba eona e leng tin oxide ho e etsa e tšoeu ebe e thunngoa hape. Ts'ebetso e latelang ke ho e penta ka pigter pigment. Palesa eo ke e sebelisang ho penta sejana sena e entsoe haholo ka sulphide ea koporo empa e boetse e na le silifera ho eona hape e tla etsoa ka oxide e khubelu le letsopa. E ntan'o baloa kahoo e fefoletsoe mocheso o phatsimang - 650 centigrade. Kamora hore e buloe e nkuoe fatše le mme ebe e tsoakane le asene moo ke hona e pentiloeng. Moralo oa matheba o kopilitsoe ho tsoa sekotlolong sena sa Iraq sa 9th. Ha e le hantle, ho etsoa ka borashe hore na ba sebelisitse borashe bofe ebe ba leka ho sebelisa brashi e tšoanang. Ho thunya ho hoholo ho hloka mothapo o nang le matla oa ho fokotsa oksijene o ntse o leka ho theha tikoloho moo ho se nang oksijene e fokotsang linonyana ho hlahisa silevera le koporo. O baka mosi Tsela eo ke e etsang ka eona ke ho beha likotoana tsa patsi ka har'a joko mme seo se sutisa oxygen. Ebe u lumella oksijene hore e khutle nakoana e khutsitseng ka phapusing le hore oxidation le phokotso ea spasm e bohlokoa ho theha iridescence ka pitseng. Ha pitsa e tsoa ka lebaka la letsoai le ntse le shebahala joalo ka letsopa e koahetsoeng ka letsopa o tla tlameha ho itlotsa litšila ka sefahleho ka litlolo. Joale ua tseba hore na ho thunya ho phatlohileng ho sebelitse kapa che hobane haeba e sebelitse u tla qala ho bona 'mala o mofubelu kapa silifera. Ka hona ke karolo ea bohlanya ka ho fetisisa ke ho hlatsoa lipitsa kamora ho thunya ha o tsebe hantle hore na ho etsahalang ho tla etsahalang mme diphetho ha di bolelele esale pele empa ke eona iridescence e shebahalang eka e na le bophelo ba eona. Ka linako tse ling u tlameha ho otlanya pitseng ka lebelong ho ea bona leseli ka hona ho latela hore na o ts'oere pitsa ho latela hore na u bona ho hloka toka kapa che. Kahoo ho bonahala e le ntho e makatsang e etsahalang

Ho etsa setšoantšo sa sekepe sa Iraq sa lustreware

In 9th century Iraq, potters who could master the lustre technique were considered alchemists - people who could turn dull clay into something almost gold. We teamed up with ceramicist Andrew Hazelden to see if he could recreate a 9th century Iraqi lustre bowl in the British Museum collection. To find out more about the original bowl: bit.ly/33t6ca6 To see this bowl in person, as well as other amazing objects from the historic and contemporary Islamic world, check out The Albukhary Foundation Gallery of the Islamic world: bit.ly/3a4TKQf
Archaeology, Museum, Art, British Museum, Anthropology, History,
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< start="7.76" dur="5.24"> Ke Andrew Hazelden mme ke bile sebopeho ka lilemo tse fetang tse 30. >

< start="13" dur="3.96"> Ke nahana e le e 'ngoe ea lintho tse khahlang ka litakatso nalaneng >

< start="16.96" dur="2.42"> ke hore ba ne ba theha khauta >

< start="19.38" dur="2.2"> ntle le se neng se sa khauta >

< start="21.58" dur="2.8"> 'me ho ne ho nahanoa hore ke bo-ramahlale. >

< start="24.38" dur="1.92"> O utloa eka o ka lahleha >

< start="26.3" dur="2.96"> ka ho sheba ho phahama ha pitsa ea tatso >

< start="29.26" dur="5.4"> e etsang hore o nahane hore o lefatšeng le leng. >

< start="34.66" dur="5.28"> The luster ke mokhoa moo o sebelisang li-sulphides tsa tšepe >

< start="39.94" dur="4.8"> ho theha bokaholimo ba pitseng. >

< start="44.74" dur="4.06"> Ke mokhoa o poteletseng le o rarahaneng. >

< start="48.8" dur="6.14"> Sekotlolo sena ke sejana sa Iraq sa lekholo la 9 la lilemo. >

< start="54.94" dur="7.92"> Ha e le hantle ke ile ka e sebelisa ho etsa sekotlolo sena ka letsopa le tsoang Italy le tsoang Deruta >

< start="62.86" dur="4.8"> e leng mmala oa buff. >

< start="67.66" dur="1.46"> Kahoo ke nka bolo ea letsopa >

< start="69.12" dur="4.48"> e feta kilogerama ka boima mme e lahleloa lebili la sebopi >

< start="73.6" dur="7.2"> mme e ka nka metsotso e mehlano ho lahlela sebopeho. >

< start="80.8" dur="4.58"> Ho setse matsatsi a 'maloa hore letlalo le be thata. >

< start="85.38" dur="4.33"> Ha e se e le letlalo le thata e khutlisetsoa le hore leoto le retelehile. >

< start="89.71" dur="5.77"> Hang ha leoto le serohile sekotlolo se tlameha ho omisoa ka botlalo ho Letsatsi >

< start="95.48" dur="5.12"> mme kamora moo e na le thunya ea eona ea pele eo e leng ho thunya ha biscuit >

< start="100.6" dur="4.54"> ebe ea nkuoa ebe e kenngoa ka har'a pente e tšoeu >

< start="105.14" dur="3.689"> eo boholo ba eona e leng tin oxide ho e etsa e tšoeu >

< start="108.829" dur="3.651"> ebe e thunngoa hape. >

< start="112.48" dur="4.16"> Ts'ebetso e latelang ke ho e penta ka pigter pigment. >

< start="116.64" dur="7.26"> Palesa eo ke e sebelisang ho penta sejana sena e entsoe haholo ka sulphide ea koporo >

< start="123.9" dur="4.46"> empa e boetse e na le silifera ho eona >

< start="128.36" dur="4.86"> hape e tla etsoa ka oxide e khubelu le letsopa. >

< start="133.22" dur="6.96"> E ntan'o baloa kahoo e fefoletsoe mocheso o phatsimang - 650 centigrade. >

< start="140.18" dur="3"> Kamora hore e buloe e nkuoe fatše le >

< start="143.18" dur="6.72"> mme ebe e tsoakane le asene moo ke hona e pentiloeng. >

< start="150.12" dur="6.06"> Moralo oa matheba o kopilitsoe ho tsoa sekotlolong sena sa Iraq sa 9th. >

< start="156.18" dur="4.6"> Ha e le hantle, ho etsoa ka borashe hore na ba sebelisitse borashe bofe ebe ba leka ho sebelisa brashi e tšoanang. >

< start="160.78" dur="6.15"> Ho thunya ho hoholo ho hloka mothapo o nang le matla oa ho fokotsa oksijene >

< start="166.93" dur="3.59"> o ntse o leka ho theha tikoloho moo ho se nang oksijene >

< start="170.52" dur="5.68"> e fokotsang linonyana ho hlahisa silevera le koporo. >

< start="176.2" dur="1.46"> O baka mosi >

< start="177.66" dur="6.96"> Tsela eo ke e etsang ka eona ke ho beha likotoana tsa patsi ka har'a joko >

< start="184.62" dur="2.84"> mme seo se sutisa oxygen. >

< start="187.46" dur="4.68"> Ebe u lumella oksijene hore e khutle nakoana e khutsitseng ka phapusing >

< start="192.14" dur="9.069"> le hore oxidation le phokotso ea spasm e bohlokoa ho theha iridescence ka pitseng. >

< start="201.5" dur="5.129"> Ha pitsa e tsoa ka lebaka la letsoai le ntse le shebahala joalo ka letsopa >

< start="206.629" dur="2.351"> e koahetsoeng ka letsopa >

< start="208.98" dur="8.82"> o tla tlameha ho itlotsa litšila ka sefahleho ka litlolo. >

< start="217.8" dur="5.4"> Joale ua tseba hore na ho thunya ho phatlohileng ho sebelitse kapa che >

< start="223.2" dur="4.4"> hobane haeba e sebelitse u tla qala ho bona 'mala o mofubelu kapa silifera. >

< start="227.6" dur="5.43"> Ka hona ke karolo ea bohlanya ka ho fetisisa ke ho hlatsoa lipitsa kamora ho thunya >

< start="233.03" dur="5.51"> ha o tsebe hantle hore na ho etsahalang ho tla etsahalang mme diphetho ha di bolelele esale pele >

< start="238.54" dur="5.6"> empa ke eona iridescence e shebahalang eka e na le bophelo ba eona. >

< start="244.18" dur="7.1"> Ka linako tse ling u tlameha ho otlanya pitseng ka lebelong ho ea bona leseli >

< start="251.28" dur="2.819"> ka hona ho latela hore na o ts'oere pitsa ho latela hore na >

< start="254.099" dur="2.421"> u bona ho hloka toka kapa che. >

< start="256.52" dur="7.42"> Kahoo ho bonahala e le ntho e makatsang e etsahalang >