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PLEASE FOLLOW ME IN THE PLEDGEOF ALLEGIANCE.I PLEDGE ALLEGIANCETO THE FLAGOF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,AND TO THE REPUBLICFOR WHICH IT STANDS,ONE NATION UNDER GOD,INDIVISIBLE,WITH LIBERTYAND JUSTICE FOR ALL.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM IOWA.MR. GRASSLEY: I ASK TO SPEAK FORONE MINUTE IN MORNING BUSINESS.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. GRASSLEY: AS CHAIRMAN OF THEFINANCE COMMITTEE AND HEAD OFTHE TASK FORCE, I WANT TOHIGHLIGHT A FEW AREAS OFBIPARTISAN ECONOMIC RELIEF WEWILL BE VOTING ON TODAY.RECOVERY CHECKS TO GIVEAMERICANS NEEDED CASH TO PROVIDEFOR THEIR FAMILIES AND GETTHROUGH OUR CURRENT HEALTHCRISIS LOOK LIKE THIS.$1,200 FOR INDIVIDUALS, $2,400FOR MARRIED COUPLES, $500 FOREACH CHILD.THERE'S NO MINIMUM, NO PHASE-IN.IT STARTS OUT AT THE LOWESTLEVEL.ANYONE WITH A SOCIAL SECURITYNUMBER WHO IS NOT DEPENDENT ONANYONE ELSE SHOULD BE ELIGIBLEFOR A CHECK UNDER THE INCOMECAPS.WE ALSO HAVE A VERY STRONGUNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATIONADDITIONS TO THE PRESENT PROGRAMIN THIS BILL.WE ALSO HAVE INCENTIVES TO HELPCHARITIES BECAUSE THEY PLAY AVERY IMPORTANT ROLE IN THISRECOVERY.MY COLLEAGUES ACROSS THE AISLESAID LAST WEEK THAT THE BUSINESSTAX ISSUES WERE CORPORATEBAILOUTS.THAT COULDN'T BE FURTHER FROMTHE TRUTH.I THINK MY DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUESNOW AGREE.THIS IS ABOUT HELPING OURWORKERS KEEP THEIR JOBS, OURECONOMIC RELIEF PACKAGE TORECOVER THIS ECONOMY HASPROVISIONS TO HELP BUSINESSES SOTHAT THEY HAVE THE CASH TO KEEPTHE DOORS OPEN AND KEEP MAKINGPAYROLL.WE ALL WORKED HARD, ALONG WITHTHE ADMINISTRATION, TO GET THISJOB DONE.NOW IT'S TIME TO VOTE ON THISBILL AND DELIVER RELIEF FOR THEAMERICAN PEOPLE AND TO RECOVERTHIS ECONOMY.GET THE STRONG ECONOMY BACK THATWE HAD.I YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. McCONNELL: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THEMAJORITY LEADER OF THE SENATE.MR. McCONNELL: IT'S ONLY BEEN65 DAYS SINCE THE FIRST AMERICANTESTED POSITIVE WITH THE NEWCORONAVIRUS ON OUR SOIL, ANDBARELY -- AND IN BARELY TWOMONTHS, THIS PANDEMIC HASUPENDED OUR NATION.AS OF THIS MORNING, MORE THAN175 MILLION AMERICANS HAVE BEENADVISED TO REMAIN IN THEIRHOMES.MORE THAN HALF OF OUR PEOPLE AREEFFECTIVELY SHELTERING IN PLACE.HOSPITALS IN MAJOR CITIES AREPUSHING CAPACITY.DOCTORS AND NURSES ARE EXLAWSINGCRUCIAL SUPPLIES.-- ARE EXHAUSTING CRUCIALSUPPLIES.AND IF THAT WERE NOT ENOUGH FORAMERICANS TO FIGHT TO STAYHEALTHY, THEY'RE ALSO FIGHTINGTO KEEP THEIR PAYCHECKS, TO KEEPSUPPORTING THEIR FAMILIES.COMBATING THIS DISEASE HASFORCED OUR COUNTRY TO PUT HUGEPARTS OF OUR NATIONAL LIFE ONPAUSE AND TRIGGERED LAYOFFS AT ABREATH-TAKING PACE.THIS STRANGE NEW REALITY HASFORCED OUR NATION ON TOSOMETHING LIKE WAR-TIME FOOTING.A FIGHT HAS ARRIVED ON OURSHORES.WE DID NOT SEEK IT, WE DID NOTWANT IT, BUT NOW WE'RE GOING TOWIN IT.TEN DAYS AGO, I LAID OUT FOURURGENT PRIORITIES FOR NEW SENATELEGISLATION TO HELP OUR NATIONTHROUGH THIS CRISIS.WE HAD TO GET DIRECT, DIRECTFINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.WE HAD TO GET HISTORIC AID TOSMALL BUSINESSES TO KEEPPAYCHECKS FLOWING, STABILIZE KEYINDUSTRIES TO BE PREVENT MASSLAYOFFS, AND OF COURSE FLOODMORE RESOURCES INTO THEFRONTLINE HEALTH CARE BATTLEITSELF.ONE WEEK AGO, SENATE REPUBLICANSLAID DOWN AN INITIAL PROPOSALTHAT TACKLED EACH, EACH OF THESEEMERGENCY MISSIONS.OUR MEMBERS PUT FORWARD BOLDPLANS TO SEND CASH TOHOUSEHOLDS, STAND UP HISTORICEMERGENCY LOANS FOR MAIN STREET,STABILIZE KEY SECTORS, AND PUTTHE FULL MIGHT OF CONGRESSBEHIND OUR DOCTORS, NURSES,HOSPITALS, HEALTH CAREPROVIDERS, AND THE RACE FORTREATMENTS AND VACCINES.I COULDN'T BE PROUDER,MR. PRESIDENT, OF OURCOLLEAGUES.OUR NATION NEEDED US TO GO BIGAND GO FAST, AND THEY DID.THE CREATIVE POLICIES OURCHAIRMAN CRAFTED IN JUST ACOUPLE OF DAYS' TIME REMAIN THECENTRAL BUILDING BLOCKS OF THEPROPOSAL WE WILL PASS TODAY.BUT REPUBLICANS KNEW THE NATIONHAD NO TIME, NO TIME FORCONVENTIONAL POLITICALGAMESMANSHIP, SO THE INSTANT WERELEASED OUR FIRST DRAFT, ICREATED A SERIES OF BIPARTISANWORKING GROUPS, I ASKEDREPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS TOWORK TOGETHER AROUND THE CLOCK,LITERALLY AROUND THE CLOCK TOMAKE THE BILL EVEN BETTER.BY SUNDAY, WE HAD AN UPDATEDPROPOSAL THAT WAS EVEN STRONGERAND CONTAINED EVEN MORE IDEASLITERALLY FROM BOTH SIDES, BOTHSIDES.REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS HADWORKED TOGETHER TO DRAMATICALLYSTRENGTHEN AND REWORKUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DURINGTHIS CRISIS.WE HAD WORKED TOGETHER TO MAKESURE LOWER INCOME FAMILIES COULDRECEIVE THE FULL CASH ASSISTANCE, AND ON AND ON.MR. PRESIDENT, I WILL LEAVE ITTO OTHERS TO COMPARE THEBIPARTISAN SUNDAY BILL TO THEFINAL VERSION WE WILL PASS TODAYAND DETERMINE WHETHER THE LASTFEW CHANGES REALLY REQUIRED ORMERITED THREE DAYS OF DELAY.THREE DAYS OF DELAY.IN THE FACE OF THIS WORSENINGCRISIS.BUT THAT WASHINGTON DRAMA DOESNOT MATTER ANY MORE.THE SENATE IS GOING TO STANDTOGETHER, ACT TOGETHER, AND PASSTHIS HISTORIC RELIEF PACKAGETODAY.STRUGGLING AMERICANS ARE GOINGTO GO TO THEIR MAILBOXES ANDFIND FOUR-FIGURE CHECKS TO HELPWITH THEIR BILLS.WHY?BECAUSE THE SENATE STEPPED UP.MANY AMERICAN FAMILIES WHO HAVEPOURED EVERYTHING INTO ARESTAURANT OR A SHOP OR A SMALLMANUFACTURER ARE GOING TO KEEPMAKING PAYROLL AND KEEP THEIRBUSINESSES ALIVE BECAUSE THISSENATE STEPPED UP.HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF WORKERSIN KEY SECTORS WHO MIGHT WELLHAVE BEEN LAID OFF THROUGH NOFAULT OF THEIR OWN WILL INSTEADGET TO KEEP THEIR JOB ANDCONTINUE THEIR CAREER BECAUSETHIS SENATE STEPPED UP.AND FOR THE HEALTH CARE HEROESWHO LEAVE THEIR OWN SLEEPINGCHILDREN AND DRIVE TO THEHOSPITAL FOR AN ALL-NIGHT SHIFT,WHO SPEND HOUR AFTER HOURHEALING THE SICK, COMFORTINGSTRANGERS, AND LITERALLYBATTLING THIS DISEASE, THEREWILL BE MORE MASKS IN THEIRSUPPLY CLOSETS, MORE FUNDING FORTHEIR HOSPITALS, AND SOON MORENEW TREATMENTS TO ADMINISTER TOTHEIR PATIENTS.BECAUSE THIS SENATE STEPPED UP.SO TODAY, MR. PRESIDENT, THESENATE WILL ACT TO HELP THEPEOPLE OF THIS COUNTRY WEATHERTHIS STORM.NOBODY THINKS LEGISLATION CANEND THIS.WE CANNOT OUTLAW THE VIRUS.AND NO ECONOMIC POLICY COULDFULLY END THE HARDSHIP SO LONGAS THE PUBLIC HEALTH REQUIRESTHAT WE PUT SO MUCH OF OURNATION'S COMMERCE ON ICE.THIS IS NOT EVEN A STIMULUSPACKAGE.IT IS EMERGENCY RELIEF.EMERGENCY RELIEF, THAT'S WHATTHIS IS.NO, THIS FIGHT IS NOT GOING TOBE WON OR LOST IN WASHINGTON.IT'S THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WHOWILL BEAT THIS VIRUS.AMERICANS WILL KEEP MAKINGSACRIFICES TO SLOW DOWN THESPREAD.AMERICANS WILL KEEP PITCHING INAND LOOKING AFTER EACH OTHER.AMERICANS WILL KEEP FINDINGCREATIVE WAYS TO STAND UNITED,EVEN IF THEY HAVE TO STAND SIXFEET APART.WE WILL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSEOF PEOPLE LIKE AMY JEAN TYLER, ASTAY-AT-HOME MOM IN KENTUCKY WHOIS LEADING A DRIVE TO SEW COTTONMASKS FOR A LOCAL CHILDREN'SHOSPITAL.WE'LL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSE OFPEOPLE LIKE GRANT HASTY INSTERNS, KENTUCKY, WHO HASGATHERED VOLUNTEERS TODISTRIBUTE MORE THAN 550HOME-COOKED MEALS.WE WILL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSEOF PEOPLE LIKE PEG HAYES WHORUNS A DISTILLERY IN CHRISTIANCOUNTY, KENTUCKY, AND ISTEMPORARILY CONVERTING HERBOURBON-MAKING FACILITY TO CHURNHAND SANITIZER.WE'LL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSENATIONAL COMPANIES ARE SWITCHINGPRODUCTION LINES TO MAKE MEDICALSUPPLIES, BECAUSE OUR LARGESTHIGH-TECH COMPANIES AREPARTNERING WITH THE GOVERNMENTTO THROW SUPERCOMPUTING POWERRIGHT INTO THE RACE TO PROVIDEVACCINES.WE'LL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSE OFFAMILIES, NEIGHBORS, AND CHURCHCOMMUNITIES THAT CANNOT EVENWORSHIP TOGETHER IN PERSON,BECAUSE OF SMALL BUSINESSES, BIGBUSINESSES, PUBLIC HEALTH,PH.D.'S, AND LOCALENTREPRENEURS.IT'S BEEN 18 YEARS SINCE EVERYAMERICAN WAS UNITED IN AMAZEMENTAND PRAYER AS FIREFIGHTERS ANDFIRST RESPONDERS RUSHED INTOBURNING BUILDINGS ONSEPTEMBER 11, 2001.IN THE COMING DAYS AND WEEKS,OUR NATION IS GOING TO MEET NEWHEROES.MANY MAY BE POLICE,FIREFIGHTERS, AND E.M.T.'S ONCEAGAIN.MANY OTHERS WILL BE TRUCKDRIVERS, GROCERY STORE CLERKS,AND PHARMACISTS WHO LITERALLYKEEP OUR SUPPLY CHAINS RUNNING.UTILITY WORKERS AND DELIVERYDRIVERS WHO LEAVE THEIR HOMES SOEVERYONE ELSE CAN REMAIN INTHEIRS.TEACHERS WHO SOMEHOW MANAGE TOKEEP EDUCATING THEIR STUDENTSOVER THE INTERNET WHILE LOOKINGAFTER THEIR OWN KIDS AT THE VERYSAME TIME.AND MOST OF ALL, WE'RE GOING TOMEET A WHOLE LOT OF AMERICANHEROES WHO WEAR SCRUBS AND MASKSAND GLOVES.HEROES WHO RUSH TOWARD THE SICKAND WASH THEIR HANDS UNTIL THEYBLEED AND WORK AROUND THE CLOCKTO HEAL OUR FRIENDS AND OURFAMILIES.WHEN OUR NATION COMES THROUGHTHIS AND TAKES FIGHT, WHEN OURNATION COMES THROUGH THIS ANDTAKES FLIGHT AGAIN ON THE OTHERSIDE, IT WILL BE BECAUSEAMERICAN HEROES WON THIS FIGHT.ALL THE SENATE CAN DO IS TO GIVETHEM THE RESOURCES TO DO IT ANDTHAT'S EXACTLY WHAT WE'RE GOINGTO DO TODAY.MR. McCONNELL: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATE MAJORITY LEADER.MR. McCONNELL: I ASK UNANIMOUSCONSENT THAT NOTWITHSTANDING THEPROVISION OF RULE 22, THECLOTURE MOTION WITH RESPECT TOTHE MOTION TO PROCEED TO H.R.748 OCCUR AT A TIME TO BEDETERMINED BY THE MAJORITYLEADER IN CONSULTATION WITH THEDEMOCRATIC LEADER DURING TODAY'SSESSION.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: ISTHERE OBJECTION?WITHOUT OBJECTION.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THECLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.MR. DURBIN: YOU HAVE ANANNOUNCEMENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATE IS IN A QUORUM CALL.MR. DURBIN: I ASK THE QUORUMCALL BE VITIATED.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THELEADERSHIP TIME IS RESERVED.MORNING BUSINESS IS CLOSED.THE SENATE WILL RESUMECONSIDERATION OF THE MOTION TOPROCEED TO H.R. 748 WHICH THECLERK WILL REPORT.THE CLERK: MOTION TO PROCEED TOH.R. 748, AN ACT TO AMEND THEINTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986 TOREPEAL THE EXCISE TAX ONHIGH-COST EMPLOYER-SPONSOREDHEALTH COVERAGE.MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT,AMERICA HAS NEVER SEEN ANYTHINGLIKE THIS BEFORE.TO THINK THAT HALF OF THE PEOPLEWHO LIVE IN THE UNITED STATESARE UNDER SOME ORDER TO EITHERSTAY HOME OR AT LEAST AVOIDCONTACT WITH OTHERS, UNHEARD OF.THIS IS AN ENEMY, THIS VIRUS,THE LIKES OF WHICH WE'VE NEVERFACED AS STRONG AND DETERMINEDOUR NATION IS WHEN IT COMES TOTHESE CHALLENGES, THIS IS UNIQUE.AND IT CALLS FOR UNIQUELEADERSHIP.THERE ARE A LOT OF CRITICS OFTHE UNITED STATES CONGRESS FORGOOD REASON, BUT I THINK WHATWE'VE DEMONSTRATED IN THE LASTSEVERAL WEEKS SINCE WE'VEADDRESSED THIS CORONAVIRUS ISTHAT THERE IS A CAPACITY FORCOMMONSENSE BIPARTISAN WORK ANDA TIMELINESS THAT IS ESSENTIAL.FIRST TWO MEASURES WERE PASSEDIN RECORD TIME, ONE FOR $8BILLION THAT REALLY OPENED THEDOOR FOR MORE MEDICAL RESOURCES.THE SECOND FOR $100 BILLIONWHICH TRIED TO GUARANTEE TOPEOPLE THEY WOULD NEVER HAVE TOPAY TO BE TESTED FORCORONAVIRUS, THAT THERE WOULD BEADEQUATE FOOD SUPPLIES DURINGTHIS CALAMITOUS TIME, THAT WEWOULD HAVE RESOURCES SENT TO THESTATES FOR MEDICAIDREIMBURSEMENT AT NEW LEVELS,THAT WE WOULD ALSO ENGAGE PEOPLEWITH FAMILY LEAVE IF NECESSARYSO THAT THEY COULD STAY OUT OFTHE WORKPLACE IF THEY FELTBADLY, AND THAT WE'D ALSO HAVEAN IDEA THAT WE WOULD COMETOGETHER AS A NATION TO MOVEUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE WITHDISPATCH.THAT PASSED AGAIN IN A TIMELYWAY WITH A BIPARTISAN VOTE.AND THEN WE CAME TO THE THIRDCHALLENGE, A CHALLENGE THE LIKESOF WHICH I'VE NEVER SEEN IN MYTIME IN CONGRESS AND I DON'TIMAGINE ANYONE ELSE HAS.BECAUSE WE DECIDED IN A SPAN OFABOUT SEVEN DAYS TO COME UP WITHA PACKAGE OF AUTHORIZATIONS ANDAPPROPRIATIONS WHICH IS LARGERTHAN THE ANNUAL FEDERAL BUDGETFOR DOMESTIC DISCRETIONARYSPENDING IN AMERICA.IN SEVEN DAYS WE DID WHATUSUALLY TAKES 12 MONTHS ORLONGER, BUT WE KNEW WE HAD TOBECAUSE THE NEED IS THAT GREAT.AND AMERICA WAS WATCHING ANDWONDERING IF WE COULD RISE TOTHAT CHALLENGE.THERE WAS SOME BUMPS IN THE ROADAND IT'S NO SURPRISE.AN UNDERTAKING OF THAT MAGNITUDEWITH THIS KIND OF PRESSURE TOGET THE JOB DONE QUICKLY ANDPROPERLY IS BOUND TO CREATEDIFFERENCES OF OPINION AND ITDID.THERE WERE MOMENTS OF ANXIETY ONTHE FLOOR OF THE SENATE ANDTHOSE WHO HAVE FOLLOWED C-SPANHAVE WATCHED MANY SPEECHES THATREFLECTED THE EMOTIONAL LEVELSTHAT WERE REACHED IN THISCHAMBER.BUT THE EMOTIONS IN THIS CHAMBERWERE NOT THAT DIFFERENT THAN THEEMOTIONS IN MOST HOMES ACROSSAMERICA AS PEOPLE WORRY ABOUTWHETHER THIS ILLNESS WILL TOUCHTHEIR FAMILIES AND IF SO, WILLTHEY BE ABLE TO CONQUER IT.THAT EMOTION ON THE SENATE FLOORLED US TO FURTHER NEGOTIATIONSIN AN EFFORT TO TRY TO MAKE ABILL PRESENTED TO US ON SUNDAYBETTER THREE DAYS LATER.AND THAT BRINGS US TO THISMOMENT.HISTORY WILL JUDGE AS THESENATOR FROM KENTUCKY NOTEDEARLIER AS TO WHETHER THERE'S ANIMPROVEMENT THAT'S BEEN MADE TOTHIS BILL OVER THE LAST 72HOURS.I'LL JUST STAND UP AND TELL YOUI WOULD TESTIFY DEFINITELY,DEFINITELY BECAUSE JUST CONSIDERTHE FIRST PRIORITY.WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE THATHOSPITALS AND CLINICS AND HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS AT EVERY LEVEL INAMERICA ARE PROPOSED TO RISE TOTHIS -- ARE PREPARED TO RISE TOTHIS CHALLENGE, AND WE KNOW THISIS A CHALLENGE THE LIKES OFWHICH WE'VE NEVER SEEN.WHEN THE GOVERNOR OF NEW YORKSUGGESTS THAT THE HOSPITALS OFTHAT GREAT STATE EXPAND THEIRCAPACITY BY 50% AS QUICKLY ASPOSSIBLE TO TAKE THE INCOMINGPATIENTS FROM THIS COVID-19VIRUS AND BE PREPARED, HE SAID,TO EXPAND IT BY 100%, WEAPPRECIATE THE MAGNITUDE OF THECHALLENGE.ON THE DEMOCRATIC SIDE OURLEADER SENATOR SCHUMER HASCALLED IT A MARSHALL PLAN FORHOSPITALS AND HEALTH CARE.I DON'T THINK THAT'S ANEXAGGERATION.THE BILL THAT WAS PRESENTED TOUS ON SUNDAY ENVISIONED SOME $75BILLION FOR THAT PURPOSE ANDMANY OF US FELT THAT WAS NOTADEQUATE AS LARGE AS THAT NUMBERMAY BE.SO TODAY WE'LL BRING A BILL TOTHE FLOOR THAT WILL INCREASETHAT ALLOCATION FOR HEALTH CAREFROM THE $75 BILLION IN THE BILLJUST THREE DAYS AGO TO $130BILLION.IS IT ENOUGH?PROBABLY NOT UNLESS GOD SPARESUS FROM THE SPREAD OF THISDISEASE EVEN FURTHER IN THEUNITED STATES.BUT IT SAYS TO THOSE WHO AREANXIOUSLY EXPANDING THEIRRESOURCES, EXPANDING THE NUMBEROF BEDS, BRINGING IN RETIREDMEDICAL PERSONNEL AS THEGOVERNOR FROM ILLINOIS J.P.PRITZKER IS DOING, THAT WE HEARTHEM AND WE'RE PROVIDING THEMTHE RESOURCES TO GO TO WORK TOFIGHT THIS CHALLENGE THAT WEFACE AT EVERY CORNER OF THEUNITED STATES.THE SECOND THING WE SET OUT TODO WHEN THE BILL WAS PRESENTEDSUNDAY WAS TO EXPAND THEOPPORTUNITY FOR UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE.SOME HAVE CRITICIZED ON THEFLOOR AND SAID DON'T GET INTOSTRUCTURAL CHANGES.WELL, YOU COULDN'T EXPANDUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE WITHOUTGETTING INTO A STRUCTURAL CHANGEBECAUSE THE SYSTEM WHICH AFFECTSONLY A SMALL PERCENTAGE OFAMERICANS IS NOT ADEQUATE INMOST CASES TO KEEP A FAMILYTOGETHER.IF YOU LOSE YOUR JOB AND TRY TOLIVE ON TAKE UNEMPLOYMENT CHECK-- ON THAT UNEMPLOYMENT CHECK,IT'S HARD TO DO.PEOPLE LOSE THEIR HOMES OVERTHAT, THEIR CARS.THEY CAN'T PAY THEIR UTILITYBILLS.AND SO WHAT WE'VE DONE, IT'SBEEN DESCRIBED AS PUTTINGUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS ONSTEROIDS.THE AMOUNT OF MONEY WHICH ISGOING TO BE SENT TO FAMILIES WHOARE FURLOUGHED, LAID OFF, ORUNEMPLOYED IS DRAMATICALLYBIGGER THAN IT WOULD HAVE BEENIF WE HADN'T RESTRUCTUREDUNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION.AT THE SAME TIME, THE PRESIDENTAND WHITE HOUSE SUGGESTED DIRECTCASH PAYMENTS.WE NEVER ARGUED AGAINST THOSE,BUT SAID IT'S JUST ADOWNPAYMENT.IT'S JUST A SINGLE CHECK.WE BELIEVE UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE IS GOING TO BE AGUARANTEE OF PAYMENTS FOR MONTHSTO COME.SINCE SUNDAY WE EXPANDED THEPERIOD OF ADDITIONALUNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FROMTHREE MONTHS TO FOUR MONTHS.THERE'S A BIG PRICE ON THAT, OFCOURSE, BUT WE THINK IT'SREASONABLE TO GIVE PEOPLE PEACEOF MIND THAT FOR FOUR MONTHSTHEY'LL BE ABLE TO KEEP THEIRFAMILIES TOGETHER AS WE WORK OURWAY THROUGH THESE MEDICALCHALLENGES AND GOD WILLING SEEOUR ECONOMY BACK ON ITS FEET.I HOPE THAT HAPPENS.I HOPE IT'S EVEN SOONER.BUT WE'RE PREPARED FOR FOURMONTHS.THE THIRD THING WE SET OUT TO DOIS ONE THAT'S NEAR AND DEAR TOMY IN MY STATE AND I BET IN MOSTOTHER STATES, WE SET OUT TOCOMPENSATE THE STATES AND SOMELOCALITIES, COUNTIES, AND CITIESWHICH ARE EXPENDING SUBSTANTIALSUMS OF MONEY BECAUSE OFCOVID-19 THREATS THAT THEY AREFACING.LET'S FACE IT, FOR THE MOSTPART, OUR GOVERNORS HAVE BEEN INTHE FRONT LINE OF DEFENSE WHENIT COMES TO AMERICA'S HEALTHCARE OVER THE LAST SEVERALWEEKS.THEY'VE DONE EXCEPTIONAL THINGSAND THEY'VE BEEN CALLED ON TOSPEND MONEY IN WAYS THAT THEYNEVER DREAMED THEY WOULD BECALLED ON TO SPEND.FOR EXAMPLE, UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS, WHICH INVOLVE STATEPAYMENTS IN MANY RESPECTS HAVEMUSHROOMED AND SKYROCKETED,SOMETIMES TEN TIMES THE NUMBERSTHAT THEY WERE JUST LAST YEAR ATTHE SAME TIME.MY GOVERNOR AND OTHERS, MAYORSAND THE LEADERS OF COUNTYGOVERNMENT HAVE COME FORWARD ANDSAID, ARE YOU GOING TO HELP US?WE'RE SPENDING A LOT OF MONEYBECAUSE OF THIS COVID-19.WELL, THIS BILL DOES IT.IT WAS NOT AN EASY TASK.WE HAD TO CONVINCE THE OTHERSIDE THAT IT WAS MONEY WELLSPENT, AND I'M HAPPY TO REPORTTHAT ON A BIPARTISAN BASIS WEREACHED THAT AGREEMENT, SOME$150 MILLION WILL BE GOING TOTHESE STATE AND LOCALGOVERNMENTS, AS IT SHOULD.THOSE ARE THINGS THAT I BELIEVEWILL MOVE US DOWN THE PATH TORESOLVING THIS CHALLENGE INAMERICA AND DOING IT IN A PROPERWAY, ALWAYS KEEPING IN MIND THATTHE WELFARE OF WORKERS AND THEIRFAMILIES IS THE PARAMOUNTCONCERN.FIRST THE INVESTMENT IN THEMEDICAL SIDE TO STOP THEONSLAUGHT, SECOND THE SUPPORTFOR FAMILIES AND WORKERS ACROSSAMERICA.IN WERE SOME ITEMS THAT ARESTILL BE DEBATED ON THE FLOORHERE.YOU HEARD IT IN THE EARLYSTATEMENTS BY THE MAJORITYLEADER, AND THOSE RELATE TO THEBENEFITS TO BE GIVEN TOBUSINESSES TO KEEP THEM MOVINGFORWARD.WE ALL UNDERSTAND THE AVIATIONINDUSTRY IS AT THE HEART OF THEAMERICAN ECONOMY.IT IS AN ENGINE IN ONE RESPECTTO MOVE IT AND A REFLECTION OFITS ACTIVITY IN ANOTHER RESPECT,AND THAT AVIATION INDUSTRY ISFLAT ON ITS BACK.SOME 80% TO 90% OF THE PASSENGERLOAD HAS DISAPPEARED, HUNDREDSOF THOUSANDS OF EMPLOYEES IN THEAIRLINE INDUSTRY HAS COME TO USAND ASKED FOR HELP, AND WE'REPREPARED TO DO THAT AND THAT ISPART OF THE PACKAGE THAT WILLCOME BEFORE US.THE ADMINISTRATION ALSO ASKEDFOR RESOURCES TO BE LOANED TOOTHER BUSINESSES THAT NEED AHELPING HAND.I'M NOT OPPOSED TO THAT.SOME ARE, BUT I'M NOT.BUT CAN I DO BELIEVE A ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY AREESSENTIAL.SINCE SUNDAY, WE HAVEDRAMATICALLY CHANGED THISPACKAGE SO THAT THERE WILL BETRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITYON A TIMELY BASIS AS DECISIONSARE MADE BY THIS ADMINISTRATIONTO ALLOCATE THESE TAXPAYER FUNDSTO HELP THESE COMPANIES.SOME OF US LEARNED A BITTERLESSON IN THE PAST WHEN BENEFITSWERE GIVEN TO CORPORATIONS ANDTHEY WERE MISUSED FOR STOCKBUYBACKS AND DIVIDENDS ANDPROFITEERING AT A TIME OF GREATNATIONAL NEED.WE DON'T WANT TO REPEAT THATSTORY.WE WANT TO MAKE CERTAIN THATTAXPAYER DOLLARS INVESTED INTHESE CORPORATIONS ARE REALLYDESIGNED TO GET THEM BACK ONTHEIR FEET AND THE ECONOMYMOVING FORWARD ON THE BENEFIT OFEVERYONE WHO LIVES IN THISCOUNTRY.THAT KIND OF TRANSPARENCY ANDACCOUNTABILITY IS ESSENTIAL.I BELIEVE THIS NEW AGREEMENTSOME THREE DAYS AFTER THEORIGINAL ONE WAS PROPOSED ISIMPROVEMENT.CREDIT SHOULD BE GIVEN TO BOTHSIDES BECAUSE DEMOCRATS ANDREPUBLICANS HAD TO AGREE FORTHIS TO MAKE THE FINAL PACKAGE.BUT WE AGREE WE WILL VOTE ONTHIS AFTERNOON AND I BELIEVE WEWILL ENJOY STRONG BIPARTISANSUPPORT FROM THE SENATE IS ADRAMATIC IMPROVEMENT IN THE LAST72 HOURS.CREDIT TO BOTH SIDES.WE BELIEVED SOME OF THESE IDEASWERE ESSENTIAL AND THAT'S WHY WEVOTED LIKE WE DID ON THE FLOORBUT TO REACH AGREEMENT, IT TOOKBOTH SIDES.I WANT TO SALUTE MY COLLEAGUES,STARTING WITH THE DEMOCRATICLEADER, SENATOR SCHUMER.HE PUT IN SOME HOURS.I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW MANY TIMESI STEPPED IN HIS OFFICE AND HISSECRETARY TOLD ME HE WAS MEETINGWITH SECRETARY MNUCHIN.THEY STARTED FROM MIDNIGHT UNTILFRESH IN THE MORNING TO REACH ANAGREEMENT.I THINK WE'RE FINALLY DONE.THERE'S A FEW LITTLE AGREEMENTS.SO SENATOR SCHUMER AND HISSTAFF, AND TO ALL MY COLLEAGUES,RANKING MEMBERS WHO PITCHED INTHIS THEIR COMMITTEES OFJURISDICTION TO COME UP WITHGOOD IDEAS AND TO SELL THEM IN ABIPARTISAN AGREEMENT.IT WAS AN EXCEPTIONAL AMOUNT OFWORK.SPECIAL CREDIT TO MY STAFF MYOWN AND THE OTHERS WHO HAVE COMETO WORK IN THIS DANGEROUSMOMENT.WE'VE BEEN TOLD TO STAY HOME,TELEWORK WHERE YOU CAN.IN SOME CASES YOU CAN'T.THOSE WHO DID SHOW UP TO THECAPITOL, INCLUDING THE STAFF ONTHE FLOOSH, COME AT -- FLOOR,COME AT RISK, RISK TO THEIR OWNHEALTH AND FAMILY MEMBERS ANDOTHERS.I THANK THEM FOR THIS IT IUNDERSTAND WE MAY BE GONE FORSEVERAL WEEKS, AND I THINK THATIS APPROPRIATE, BUT FOR ANATIONAL EMERGENCY WHICH CALLSUS BACK, AND WE WILL COME BACKIF THAT IS NECESSARY, I THINK WESHOULD TAKE TIME AWAY FROM ONEANOTHER, AWAY FROM THE CAPITOLTO MIND OUR OWN HEALTH AND THEWELL-BEING OF OUR OWN FAMILIESAND WORK BACK HOME BEST WE CAN,TELECONFERENCING AND OTHER WAYSTO LET PEOPLE KNOW WHAT WE'VEDONE WITH THIS LEGISLATION.I HOPE I CAN ENGAGE MYCOLLEAGUES IN THINKING ABOUTANOTHER ISSUE.SENATOR PORTMAN, REPUBLICAN FROMOHIO, HAVE INTRODUCEDLEGISLATION CALLING FOR AT LEASTAN INQUIRY AT THIS MOMENT INHISTORY ABOUT REMOTE VOTING ORSOME DIFFERENT APPROACH TOVOTING THAT DOESN'T REQUIRE OURREPORTING TO THE FLOOR IN TIMESOF NATIONAL EMERGENCY.IT JUST MAKES SENSE.OUR MEETINGS AT THE SENATEALMOST EVERY SINGLE DAY HAVEVIOLATED C.D.C. GUIDELINES THATTELL US NOT TO GATHER IN A GROUPOF TEN OR MORE.AND, YET, WE COME TO THE FLOORBECAUSE WE HAVE TO BECAUSE THISIS LIFE OR DEATH WHEN IT COMESTO THIS LEGISLATION THAT WE'RECONSIDERING AND WE KNOW WHAT OURJOBS ARE.WE CAN FIND A BETTER WAY TO DOTHIS IN THE 21st CENTURY USINGTHE TECHNOLOGY THAT IS -- ISAVAILABLE IN SO MANY DIFFERENTWAYS TO HAVE VERIFIABLE,ACCURATE, HONEST VOTING FORTHOSE WHO CANNOT OR SHOULD NOTPHYSICALLY BE PRESENT ON THEFLOOR.I'VE SPOKEN TO ELIZABETHMCDONOUGH, THE PARLIAMENTARIANOF THE SENATE AND HER STAFF ANDWANT TO ENGAGE IN ACONVERSATION.WHAT WE KNOW IS THIS ISHISTORIC, AND IT REALLY IS ADRAMATIC CHANGE FROM WHEN WE'VEDONE IN THE PAST.I DON'T THINK IT'S UNREALISTIC.I THINK IT REFLECTS THE REALITYOF WHERE WE ARE TODAY WITH APUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS, IT COULDREFLECT WHAT WE DEAL WITHTOMORROW IF WE CAN DEAL WITH ANATIONAL EMERGENCY OR GOD FORBIDTERRORIST ACTIVITY THAT KEEPS USFROM THIS BUILDING WHEN WE STILLHAVE WORK TO DO.I WANT TO THANK SENATOR PORTMAN,SENATOR KLOBACHAR, WHO HAS BEENONE OF THE LEADERS IN THISEFFORT, SENATOR SCHATZ, WHO IS ACOSPONSOR.WE ARE UP TO 20 COSPONSORS ON ABIPARTISAN BASIS IN THISMOVEMENT TO CHANGE THE SENATERULES.I HOPE WE CAN HAVE CONFERENCECALLS DURING THE TIME WE'REPHYSICALLY AWAY FROM THE CAPITOLAND MOVE THIS BUSINESS FORWARD.THE HOUSE IS CONSIDERING THESAME THING AS WELL.NOW IS THE TIME TO DO IT.IT IS TIME TO BRING THIS GREATBODY, THE UNITED STATES SENATEINTO THE 21st CENTURY WHEN ITCOMES TO EXECUTING OURCONSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITYWITHOUT ENDANGERING ANYONE,ESPECIALLY MEMBERS OF THE STAFFAND THEIR FAMILY.MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THEFLOOR.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM WYOMING.MR. BARRASSO: MR. PRESIDENT, FORFAMILIES, IF FOR HEALTH CAREWORKERS, FOR SMALL BUSINESSES,PEOPLE WHO ARE WAKING UP TODAYALL ACROSS THE COUNTRY AREASKING WHAT'S NEXT?I BELIEVE TODAY WE CAN REPORT,THERE IS GOOD NEWS.THE RESOLVE AND DETERMINATION OFTHIS SENATE, WORKING IN ABIPARTISAN WAY, AND WORKING WITHTHE WHITE HOUSE, HAVE DELIVEREDA RESCUE PLAN, A RESCUE PLAN FORTHE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND FORAMERICAN HEALTH CARE WORKERS.TODAY WE ARE GOING TO PASS NEWAUTHORITIES, NEW RESOURCES ANDNEW PROGRAMS TO DEAL WITH TWOCRISIS THAT WE, AS A NATION AREFACING.ONE IS THE MEDICAL CRISIS, THECORONAVIRUS, AND THE OTHER ISTHE ECONOMIC CRISIS THAT IS ARESULT -- A DIRECT RESULT OF THEMEDICAL CRISIS THAT WE AREFACING.THE SENATE IS PROVIDING ANOVERWHELMING AND A MASSIVEHEALTH CARE AND ECONOMICRESPONSE PACKAGE.WE'RE DOING BOTH.AND WE HAVE TO DO BOTH AT THESAME TIME.IT'S A RESCUE OPERATION.THE RESOURCES THAT OUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS NEED AND THERESOURCES THAT ARE OUR ECONOMYNEEDS.THE HEALTH CARE RESOURCES AREGOING TO BE SURGING FORCOMMUNITIES ALL AROUND THECOUNTRY, EVERY ONE OF THE 50STATES IS AFFECTED.OVER $100 BILLION FOR OURHOSPITALS AND FOR THE HEROES WHOARE TAKING CARE OF CORONAVIRUSPATIENTS.MR. PRESIDENT, AS YOU KNOW, I'MA PHYSICIAN, PRACTICED MEDICINEFOR A LONG TIME IN WYOMING.PEOPLE GO INTO MEDICINE SO THATTHEY CAN DO A NUMBER OF THINGS.YOU GO INTO MEDICINE AND WHAT WEEXPECT OF OUR HEALTH CAREPROVIDERS IS TO SAVE LIVES, TOCURE THE PARTICULAR, AND TOPREVENT DISEASE.FOR ALL OF THOSE MEN AND WOMENWORKING IN THIS PROFESSION, IWILL TELL YOU THIS WILL BE THEIRFINEST HOUR.WE'RE HEARING ABOUT HEROES ALLOVER THE COUNTRY AND THAT ISGOING TO CONTINUE AS LONG ASTHIS CRISIS IS IN EFFECT.BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT WE'RE ASKINGTHEM TO DO EVERY DAY, SAVELIVES, HEAL THE SICK, ANDPREVENT DISEASE.WE SEE THAT WITH OUR PUBLICHEALTH OFFICE HOARSE ARE TRYINGTO PREVENT DISEASE, WE SEE IT INTHE COMMUNITIES, PEOPLE TRYINGTO HEAL THE SICK AND TO SAVE THELIVES IN THE HOSPITALS DAY ANDNIGHT.AND WHAT THEY ARE ASKING FOR USARE RESOURCES AND THAT IS NOWGOING TO BE PROVIDED IN THE BILLTHAT WE'RE GOING TO PASS TODAYAND WILL HOPEFULLY SOON BE ONTHE PRESIDENT'S DESK.SO WE'RE ALSO SURGING DOLLARS TOINDIVIDUALS AND TO FAMILIES ANDTO BUSINESSES AND DISTRESSEDPARTS OF OUR ECONOMY.DIRECT MONEY TO -- $1,200 PERINDIVIDUAL, $500 PER CHILD.YOU TAKE A LOOK AT THAT AND$350 BILLION IN BRIDGE LOANS ANDGRANTS TO SMALL- ANDMEDIUM-SIZED BUSINESSES.UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE TO MAKEWORKERS -- YOU KNOW, WE'RETALKING ABOUT PEOPLE WHO AREWORKING AND READY TO GO TO WORKTHE NEXT DAY THAT WEREN'T ABLETO BECAUSE OF THE MEDICAL CRISISAFFECTING US.SO WORKERS WHO WEREN'T ABLE TOWORK RIGHT NOW TO MAKE SURE THEYARE MADE WHOLE.NOW, WE HAVE HELD THE LINEAGAINST SO MANY OF THEIDEOLOGICAL ISSUES THATDEMOCRATS, AND SPECIFICALLY THESPEAKER OF THE HOUSE TRIED TOPUT INTO THIS LEGISLATION.WE MADE IT CLEAR, LIVES ARE ATSTAKE.THOSE ARE DEBATES FOR ANOTHERDAY.THE CRISIS IS UPON US AND THERESCUE WORK NEEDS TO BE DONE.I BELIEVE TIME WAS WASTED.TIME -- WE SHOULD HAVE PASSEDTHIS LAST SUNDAY.TIME WAS WASTED AND IT'S TIMETHAT WAS WASTED THAT THEAMERICAN PEOPLE DON'T HAVE.DIDN'T HAVE.BUT TODAY WE ARE WORKING ON THISACTION PLAN.PASS THE SENATE BILL TODAY TOSURGE HEALTH CARE RESOURCES TOTHE FRONT LINES.THE HOUSE CANNOT DELAY.MR. PRESIDENT, THE HOUSE NEEDSTO GET THIS PASSED TODAY ANDSENT TO THE PRESIDENT OF THEUNITED STATES FOR HISSIGNIFICANT TODAY.AMERICA SHOULD NOT WAKE UPTOMORROW AND HAVE TO WATCH ANDWAIT AND WORRY TO SEE IF THEHOUSE WAS GOING TO PASS THISBILL.THE HOUSE NEEDS TO VOTE.THE AMERICAN PEOPLE NEED THATASSURANCE TODAY.AMERICAN FAMILIES, EVERYONE,HAVE -- PEOPLE ARE DOING IT ALLAROUND THE COUNTRY.PEOPLE ARE GOING TO CONTINUE TORAMP UP MANUFACTURING OF MEDICALEQUIPMENT, MAFNTION,VENTILATORS, RECIPIENTS, TESTSTO SAVE LIVES.PEOPLE WILL CUT RED TAPE FORTREATMENT AND VACCINES.GOING FORWARD, AND I SEE THEMINORITY LEADER ON THE FLOOR,GOING FORWARD WE NEED TO TAKE ALONG, HARD LOOK AT OUR SUPPLYCHAIN.CHINA HAS BEEN EXPOSED.WE CANNOT ALLOW OURSELVES EVERAGAIN TO BE IN ANY WAY DEPENDENTON CHINA FOR MEDICINES, FORMATERIALS, OR -- MY FOCUS, ALONGWITH THE PRESIDENT'S FOCUS IS TOBRING AMERICA BACK STRONGER THANEVER BEFORE.WE ARE A STRONG AND RESILIENTNATION.WE WILL GET THROUGH THIS.OUR COUNTRY'S HEALTH CAREINFRASTRUCTURE AND OUR ECONOMICRESOLVE IS TODAY BEING TESTED.WE WILL DEFEAT THE VIRUS AND WEWILL BE BACK STRONGER THAN EVER.THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT, AND IYIELD THE FLOOR.A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM WASHINGTON.MS. CANTWELL: MR. PRESIDENT, ICOME TO THE FLOOR TO THANK MYCOLLEAGUES FOR ALL THEIR HARDWORK ON THIS LEGISLATION AND TOURGE MY COLLEAGUES TO MOVEFORWARD TODAY BECAUSE THE STATEOF WASHINGTON DESPERATELY NEEDSTHIS HELP.WHEN I THINK ABOUT THIS PACKAGETHAT LITERALLY HAS BEEN CRAFTEDSINCE SATURDAY ABOUT 10:00 ANDPEOPLE RUNNING TO COLLABORATEAND THERE WERE MANY CHALLENGESTO THAT COLLABORATION.I ALSO THINK OF THE PEOPLE ONTHE FRONT LINE IN THE STATE OFWASHINGTON WHO HAVE PAID SUCH AHEAVY PRICE.FROM THE FACTORY WORKER WE JUSTLOST IN EVERETT, WASHINGTON, TOTHE GROCERIER WHO WAS TRYING TODELIVER GROCERIES TO THE PUBLIC,TO A PATHOLOGIST WHO WAS ALEADER IN THIS FIELD BUT ALSOLOST HIS LIFE, REAL SACRIFICEAND REAL CRUSHING BLOWS HAVEBEEN DEALT IN THIS DECEMBER.BUT TODAY WE ARE RESPONDING WITHMORE HELP FROM OUR STATE.WE ARE GIVING THEM MORE MONEYFOR HOSPITALS, MORE MONEY FORTHE FRONT LINE WITH PROTECTIVEGEAR, MORE MONEY FOR TESTING,AND MORE MONEY TO SUPPORT THEMAS THEY CONTINUE THE EFFORT TOTRY TO STOP THIS DISEASE.IT'S SO IMPORTANT THAT WE GIVESTATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ANDTRIBES THE RESOURCES THEY NEEDTO BE ON THE FRONT LINES INFIGHTING THIS DISEASE, AND ITHANK OUR GOVERNOR, GOVERNORINSLEE, FOR LEADING THAT CHARGEEVERY SINGLE DAY IN TRYING TOFOCUS OUR RESPONSE ON THISDISEASE.BECAUSE WE WERE THE SITE OF THEFIRST COVID-19 CASE, WE HAVEBEEN AT THIS SINCE JANUARY 21.AND THE SADNESS THAT WE HAVE ALLFELT OVER THE KIRKLAND NURSINGHOME WHERE WE LOST SO MANYPATIENTS WE HOPE WILL BE ALESSON FOR THE REST OF THENATION TO PAY ATTENTION TO THESERIOUSNESS OF THIS VIRUS.WE'RE HERE TODAY, THOUGH, TOALSO BESIDES GIVING THATFRAUGHTLINE SUPPORT -- THATFRONTLINE SUPPORT TO STATES, TOCITIES, TO COUNTIES, AND TOOTHER HEALTH CARE DELIVERYSYSTEM, WE'RE ALSO HERE TO SAYWE WANT TO TRY TO LESSEN THEECONOMIC IMPACTS OF A SHELTER INPLACE OR SOCIAL DISTANCING.OUR BUSINESSES, SMALL BUSINESSESHAVE BEEN HIT HARD.OUR RESTAURANTS, OUR OTHERBUSINESSES WHO SHUT DOWN WHODON'T HAVE THE SAME RESOURCES TOCOME TO WASHINGTON, D.C. AND TOLOBBY FOR AID AND SUPPORT BUTARE COUNTING ON US TO CREATE APROGRAM THAT SMALL BUSINESSESCAN GET BOTH GRANTS AND LOANS SOTHE $360 BILLION IN THIS PROGRAMI HOPE S.B.A. WILL HELP DISPATCHWITH URGENCY TO THOSE BUSINESSESWHO HAVE COMPLIED AND HAVE DONETHEIR BEST TO KEEP THEIREMPLOYEES WHILE ALSO SHUTTINGDOWN THEIR BUSINESS.WE ALSO KNOW THAT THEUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS IN THISPACKAGE WHICH WILL BE FOR FOURMONTHS WILL BE A BOOST TO GIVINGPEOPLE WHO ARE UNEMPLOYED ANDTHE EXPANSION OF THAT DEFINITIONTO COVER THOSE WHO ARE PART OF AGIG ECONOMY THAT MAY NOT HAVEBEEN COVERED IN THE PAST ISIMPORTANT TO GIVE PEOPLE THESAFETY NEAT TO MAKE IT THROUGHTHIS PROCESS.I WISH WE WOULD HAVE COME TOTERMS ON EVEN ALLOWING FOR COBRAENHANCEMENTS, PARTICULARLY FORTHE AEROSPACE SECTOR.I'LL BE FILING A BILL TODAY TOMAKE SURE THAT AS WE CONTINUE TOMOVE THROUGH THIS CRISIS, THATWE THINK ABOUT THOSE WHO AREGOING TO HAVE A SHIFT -- OR LAIDOFF AS WE HAVE SEEN IN RECENTDAYS IN EVERETT, WASHINGTON,THAT THEY, TOO, COULD HAVEHEALTH CARE BEYOND JUST ONEMONTH OF A COBRA HEALTH PLAN.IT'S SO IMPORTANT IN FIGHTINGTHIS DISEASE THAT NOT ONLY WETAKE CARE OF UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS BUT WE ALSO MAKE SUREPEOPLE IN UNEMPLOYMENT HAVEACCESS TO HEALTH CARE.WE CAN'T BE IN THE MIDST OF APANDEMIC AND NOT GIVE PEOPLEAFFORDABLE ACCESS TO HEALTHCARE.I ALSO THANK MY COLLEAGUES FOROTHER PROVISIONS OF THIS PACKAGETHAT ARE HELPING IN GIVINGINDIVIDUAL TAXPAYERS RELIEF INTHE SENSE OF A REBATE CHECK.NOT ONLY WILL INDIVIDUALS GET AREBATE CHECK BUT FAMILIES AREBATE CHECK OF $2,400 THATSHOULD HELP THOSE WHO HAVE BEENHIT HARDEST BY THIS DISEASE TOHELP IN THESE SUSTAINING DAYS INWHICH WE ARE SHELTERING IN PLACEIN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON.THERE ARE SO MANY MORE THINGSTHAT WE NEED TO DO, AND WHILE ISUPPORT THE ELEMENTS OFSUPPORTING THE AVIATION INDUSTRYIN THIS PACKAGE, I WISH THAT WEWOULD HAVE GOTTEN MOREREQUIREMENTS ON THE AIRLINEINDUSTRIES FOR THE GRANT SECTIONOF THIS BILL.I PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IN THEFUTURE IN A HEALTHIER AIRLINEINDUSTRY THEY SHOULD PAY MONEYBACK TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.WE CERTAINLY SHOULD BEPROTECTING THE WORKFORCE DURINGTHIS TIME PERIOD, AND THAT ISWHAT IS MOST IMPORTANT, TO MAKESURE THAT AN AIRLINE DOESN'TTAKE MONEY FROM THE FEDERALGOVERNMENT OR GO INTO BANKRUPTCYAND SHORTCHANGE THE WORKERS ANDTHE WORKFORCE AS HAS BEEN DONEIN PREVIOUS PACKAGES TO THEM.I FULLY SUPPORT, THOUGH, THELOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM AND THELOAN GUARANTEES THAT ARE SOIMPORTANT AND SO QUALIFIED INTHIS PACKAGE TO HAVE VERYSPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS TO THEM.I ALSO WANT TO THANK MYCOLLEAGUES FROM THE BANKINGCOMMITTEE WHO WORKED HARD ONPROVISIONS IN THIS LEGISLATIONTO MAKE SURE THERE WAS MORETRANSPARENCY IN THE PROCESS FORWHO GOT ACCESS TO THE GRANTS --I'M SORRY, TO THE LOANS IN THISPACKAGE.WHILE WE THINK OF THE PROCESSESWE'VE BEEN THROUGH BEFORE ONTARP AND THE PROCESSES WE'VEBEEN THROUGH BEFORE ON OTHERLENDING, OUR COLLEAGUES HERE ONTHIS SIDE OF THE AISLE MADE SURETHAT THERE WERE BETTERREQUIREMENTS FOR OVERSIGHT,INSPECTOR GENERALS' ACCOUNTINGOF THE RESOURCES, AND TO MAKESURE WE KNEW EXACTLY WHERE THESEDOLLARS WERE BEING SPENT.I KNOW TREASURY WILL HAVE ITSHANDS FULL, BUT BECAUSE OFDEMOCRATS WE WILL HAVE MORETRANSPARENCY IN EXACTLY HOWTHOSE DOLLARS GO OUT THE DOOR.SO, MR. PRESIDENT, I WANT TOTHANK LEADER SCHUMER AND HISSTAFF FOR WORKING SO DILIGENTLYON THIS PACKAGE.IT HAS BEEN A VERY HECTIC COUPLEOF DAYS.AND I WOULD SAY A SPECIAL THANKSTO THE COMMERCE COMMITTEE STAFF,TO DAVID STRICKLAND, MELISSAPORTER, DAVID MARTIN, RON ALTMANWHO LITERALLY HAVE BEEN CAMPEDOUT FOR PROBABLY SINCE LASTSATURDAY WORKING AND PERFECTINGTHE LANGUAGE IN THESE SECTIONSRELATED TO AVIATION.AS I SAID, THERE'S MORE WORK TODO, AND WE ALL KNOW THERE'S MOREWORK TO DO.I KNOW THAT I WANT TO CONTINUETO FIGHT FOR THE AVIATION SUPPLYCHAIN TO MAKE SURE THAT WHEN WECOME OUT OF THIS CRISIS AFTER ANECONOMIC DOWNTURN AROUND THEGLOBE, THAT THE UNITED STATES ISWELL POSITIONED TO RETURN THESUPPLY CHAIN WORKFORCE TOBUILDING ONE OF AMERICA'S BESTPRODUCTS, AIRPLANES, ONE OFAMERICA'S GREATEST -- ACTUALLYAMERICA'S SINGLE LARGESTEXPORTS, AIRPLANES.BUT TO DO THAT WE'RE GOING TOHAVE TO GET THROUGH THIS CRISISAND PROTECT WHAT WE THINK NEEDSTO BE CONTINUED HEALTH CAREACCESS TO THOSE LAID OFFWORKERS.SO LET'S GET THESE DOLLARS TOTHE FRONT LINE, TO OURHOSPITALS, TO OUR STATES FORBETTER EQUIPMENT, FOR MORESUPPLIES.LET'S SUPPORT THEM IN DOING WHATTHEY DO BEST, HELPING TO FIGHTTHIS DISEASE AND SEEING THISTHROUGH TO THE OTHER SIDE OFAMERICA'S CHALLENGE.I THANK THE PRESIDENT AND IYIELD THE FLOOR.MR. SCHUMER: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THEMINORITY LEADER.MR. SCHUMER: FIRST LET ME TANKTHE SENATOR FROM WASHINGTON FORHER HARD AND DILIGENT WORK.NO ONE -- NO ONE FOUGHT HARDERFOR THE STATE OF WASHINGTONWHICH LIKE MY STATE OF NEW YORKIS IN SUCH CRISIS THAN THE TWOSENATORS FROM WASHINGTON, AND ITHANK SENATOR CANTWELL FOR HERGREAT WORK UP AND DOWN THE LINE,WHETHER IT WAS THE GOVERNMENT,THE COMPANIES, THE PEOPLE OFWASHINGTON STATE, SHE WAS THERE.NOW, MR. PRESIDENT, I SAY TO THEAMERICAN PEOPLE, HELP IS ON THEWAY, BIG HELP, QUICK HELP.I SAY TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLEBECAUSE DEMOCRATS INSISTED ONMAKING THIS BILL BETTER, WE CANNOW CALL IT A BILL THAT PUTSWORKERS FIRST, NOT CORPORATIONS,THAT HAS A MARSHALL PLAN FORHOSPITALS, AND THAT HASACCOUNTABILITY, TRANSPARENCY,AND WATCHDOGS OVER MUCH OF THELENDING THAT IS IN THIS BILL.NOW, SIX DAYS OF SUBTLEDIPLOMACY AND HERE IN THESEMOSTLY NOW EMPTY CORRIDORS WE'VESHAPED A BIPARTISAN AGREEMENT ONTHE LARGEST RESCUE PACKAGE INAMERICAN HISTORY, WHICH WASSEALED LAST NIGHT A FEW MINUTESAFTER 1:00 IN THE MORNING WHENLEADER McCONNELL AND I CAME TOTHE FLOOR TO ANNOUNCE WE HAD ANAGREEMENT.IT WAS NOT A MOMENT OFCELEBRATION BUT RATHER ONE OFNECESSITY.FACING AN UNPRECEDENTED CRISIS,IT WAS THE DUTY OF THE SENATE TOPRODUCE BIPARTISAN LEGISLATIONTO SEND AN IMMEDIATE INFUSION OFRESOURCES TO OUR PUBLIC HEALTHSYSTEMS, STATE AND LOCALGOVERNMENTS, SMALL BUSINESS ANDAMERICAN WORKERS.AS I SAID, FROM THE STARTDEMOCRATS HAD TWO MAIN GOALS, AMARSHALL PLAN FOR PUBLIC HEALTHWORKERS AND HOSPITALS ON THEFRONT LINE AND PUTTING WORKERSFIRST, NOT CORPORATIONS.HAD WE NOT ASKED FOR THEREPUBLICAN PARTY TO RECOGNIZE USBY NOT GOING FORWARD ON THOSEFIRST TWO VOTES, THIS BILL WOULDHAVE BEEN MUCH WORSE.OUR ACTIONS MADE IT MUCH BETTER.NOT EVERYTHING WE WANTED BUTMUCH, MUCH BETTER.AND WE'RE PROUD AS A CAUCUS ANDUNITED AS A CAUCUS OF THE JOB WEHAVE DONE TO IMPROVE THISLEGISLATION.BECAUSE AFTER ALL, THISLEGISLATION WILL BE WITH US NOTFOR DAYS AND NOT FOR WEEKS, NOTEVEN FOR MONTHS BUT PROBABLY FORYEARS TO IM-- FOR YEARS.TO IMPROVE THIS LEGISLATION WASWORTH TAKING AN EXTRA DAY ORTWO, AFTER THE REPUBLICAN LEADERPUT IT DOWN WITHOUT CONSULTINGUS AND TRIED TO SAY TAKE IT ORLEAVE IT.NOW, LIKE ALL COMPROMISE, THISBILL IS FAR FROM PERFECT, BUT WEBELIEVE THE LEGISLATION HASIMPROVED SUFFICIENTLY TO WARRANTITS QUICK CONSIDERATION ANDPASSAGE.BECAUSE MANY DEMOCRATS ANDREPUBLICANS WERE WILLING TO DOTHE SERIOUS AND HARD WORK, THEBILL IS MUCH BETTER THAN WHEN WESTARTED AND STARTING YESTERDAYMORNING WE ALL CAME TOGETHER TOGET THIS BILL DONE.WE WORKED IN A BIPARTISAN WAY ASTHIS BODY SHOULD HAVE WORKED ANDSHOULD WORK, AND HERE WE ARE.ONCE THE LANGUAGE IS READY,DEMOCRATS ARE READY TO SPEED UPTHE CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL ASMUCH AS POSSIBLE.WE BELIEVE THAT THE LEGISLATIONHAS BEEN IMPROVED SUFFICIENTLYTO WARRANT ITS QUICKCONSIDERATION AND PASSAGE.I EXPECT THE SENATE CAN GET THEJOB DONE IN THE NEW FEW HOURS.NOW, THE AMERICAN PEOPLEWATCHING SHOULD KNOW WHAT IS INTHIS BILL WHICH HAS UNDERGONEMANY REVISIONS OVER THE PAST 48HOURS.MANY OF THE PROGRAMS AND FUNDINGAUTHORITIES THAT ARE BEINGFINALIZED AS WE SPEAK WILL GO TOTHEM DIRECTLY, THE AMERICANPEOPLE AND COULD MAKE THEDIFFERENCE IN THE NEXT FEWMONTHS BETWEEN PUTTING FOOD ONTHE TABLE AND GOING HUNGRY,BETWEEN SURVIVING THIS PERIOD OFUNEMPLOYMENT AND FINANCIAL RUIN.SO LET ME BRIEFLY RUN THROUGHTHE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THEBILL.FIRST, AS I MENTIONED, AMARSHALL PLAN FOR THE AMERICANMEDICAL SYSTEM IS NOW UNDER WAY.THIS AGREEMENT WILL INJECT $150BILLION INTO OUR HOSPITALS ANDHEALTH SYSTEM, HEADLINED BY ANEW HUNDRED BILLION FUND TOPROVIDE OUR HEALTH SYSTEM WITHWHATEVER IT NEEDS TO FIGHT BACK.THE GRANTS IN THAT FUND WILL BEAVAILABLE TO EVERYONE WHO ISFIGHTING CORONAVIRUS.HOSPITALS, NURSING HOMES,COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS AND ALLTYPES OF MEDICAID PROVIDERS ANDSAFETY NET PROVIDERS.IT INCLUDES FUNDING FOR PERSONALPROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, TESTINGSUPPLIES, A SURGE IN OUR HEALTHCARE WORKFORCE, ADDITIONALMEDICARE FUNDING, RESEARCH INTOCORONAVIRUS TREATMENTS AND MORE.THE FUNDING WILL LITERALLY ACTAS A LIFELINE AS THE NUMBER OFCOVID-19 CASES CONTINUES TOCLIMB.SO AS I SAID, A MARSHALL PLANFOR AMERICAN MEDICAL SYSTEM ISNOW UNDER WAY.SECOND, WORKERS FIRST.MILLIONS OF WORKERS THROUGH NOFAULT OF THEIR OWN ARE LOSINGPAYCHECKS WITH NO WAY TO COVERTHEIR DAILY EXPENSES AND MONTHLYBILLS.COMING TO THEIR RESCUE IS APROGRAM DEMOCRATS DEVISED TOBOOST UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE.WE CALL IT UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE ON STEROIDS.THE AGREEMENT INCREASES THEMAXIMUM UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT BY$600 PER WEEK AND ENSURES THATLAID OFF WORKERS ON AVERAGE WILLRECEIVE THEIR FULL PAY FOR FOURMONTHS.THESE BENEFITS WILL BE MUCHEASIER TO ACCESS AND WILL BEEXPANDED TO INCLUDE PART-TIME,SELF-EMPLOYED, FREELANCERS, ANDGIG ECONOMY WORKERS.AND THE NEW PROGRAM HAS A SECOND-- THE FIRST JOB OF THISPROGRAM, GET MONEY INTO THEPOCKETS OF PEOPLE WHO ARE LOSINGTHEIR JOBS THROUGH NO FAULT OFTHEIR OWN, AND IT WILL COMEQUICKLY AND GENEROUSLY.BUT IT HAS A SECOND PURPOSE.IT WILL ALSO ALLOW COMPANIES TOFURLOUGH WORKERS SO THEY CANSTAY ON AS EMPLOYEES, SO THATWHEN GOD WILLING THIS CRISISABATES, THEY CAN QUICKLY RESUMEWORK WITH TIR EMPLOYER ANDBUSINESSES CAN RESEMBLE.WHEN THIS -- REASSEM BALANCE.WHEN THIS CRISIS IS OVER, WEDON'T WANT EVERY WORKER LOSINGTHEIR JOB TO SCATTER TO THEWINDS AND SO MANY GOODBUSINESSES THROUGH NO FAULT OFTHEIR OWN WILL FALL APART.BY KEEPING THEM ON FURLOUGH,PAYING THEM, THE BUSINESSES CANREASSEMBLE QUICKLY.THIS PROPOSAL, UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE ON STEROID, WILL BETHE GREATEST EXPANSION OFUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS INDECADES.A SOCIAL SAFETY NET WIDE ENOUGHTO CATCH THE MILLIONS OFAMERICAN WORKERS WHO BECAMEUNEMPLOYED VIRTUALLY OVERNIGHT,WOVEN WITH FIBER STRONG ENOUGHTO HOLD THEM THROUGH THE WORSTOF THIS CRISIS.AS I SAID, WE'RE GOING TO PASSUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ONSTEROIDS.THIRD, OVERSIGHT, TRANSPARENCY,AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF ALL LOANSMADE TO CORPORATIONS.THE REPUBLICAN BILL INITIALLYPUT THE FOCUS ON RESCUINGINDUSTRY AND DID NOT DO ENOUGHTO PROTECT THE HUNDREDS --HUNDREDS UPON HUNDREDS OFTHOUSANDS OF WORKERS THOSEINDUSTRIES EMPLOY.BUT AS A RESULT OF OURNEGOTIATIONS, DEMOCRATS HAVESECURED CRUCIAL WORKERPROTECTIONS THROUGHOUT THE BILLAS CONDITIONS TO RESCUING LARGECOMPANIES, INCLUDING INCENTIVESFOR BUSINESSES TO KEEP WORKERSON THE PAYROLL DURING THECRISIS.FOR THE NEARLY TWO MILLIONAIRLINE EMPLOYEES, DEMOCRATSHAVE ALSO SECURED DIRECT PAYROLLPAYMENTS TO KEEP YOU ON THE JOB.YOUR COLLECTIVE BARGAININGRIGHTS WILL BE PROTECTED ANDAIRLINES WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TOSPEND ANY GRANT MONEY ON STOCKBUYBACKS OR C.E.O. BONUS PAY FORTHE LIFE OF THE GRANT PLUS ONEYEAR.DEMOCRATS ALSO SECURED TOUGH NEWREQUIREMENTS ON FEDERAL GRANTSAND LOANS TO ANY INDUSTRY.NO STOCK BUYBACKS FOR THE LENGTHOF ANY LOAN PROVIDED BY THETREASURY PLUS ONE ADDITIONALYEAR.RESTRICTIONS ON ANY INCREASES TOEXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.A REQUIREMENT TO PROTECTCOLLECTIVE BARGAININGAGREEMENTS.DEMOCRATS SECURED A PROHIBITIONON ANY TRUMP ORGANIZATIONBUSINESS OR ANY BUSINESSCONTROLLED BY ANY OTHERGOVERNMENT LEADERS FROMRECEIVING A LOAN FROM THIS BILL.WE COMPELLED THE CREATION OFTREASURY DEPARTMENT SPECIALINSPECTOR GENERAL TO PROVIDEOVERSIGHT OF TREASURY LOANS ANDINVESTMENTS.AN ACCOUNTABILITY COMMITTEE TOPROTECT TAXPAYER DOLLARS.AND A CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHTCOMMISSION AS WELL.AND THERE WILL BE MUCH-NEEDEDTRANSPARENCY IN THESEREQUIREMENTS AS WELL.THE TREASURY SECRETARY MUST BYLAW MAKE PUBLIC QUICKLY THENAMES AND TERMS OF LOANS OROTHER ASSISTANCE TO CORPORATEBORROWERS.I BELIEVE IT WAS JUSTICEBRANDEIS SAID SUN LIGHT IS THEGREAT DISINFECTANT.IF ANY OF THESE LOANS LOOKUNTOWARD, IF ANY OF THESE LOANSDON'T LOOK RIGHT, THE PUBLIC,THE CONGRESS WILL KNOW QUICKLYAND THAT WILL PUT PRESSURE ONTHE TREASURY SECRETARY NOT TO DOTHEM AND CERTAINLY NOT TO REPEATTHEM.FOURTH, RESOURCES OF STATE,LOCAL, AND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTSWHO ARE CARRYING THE WEIGHT OFTHEIR OVERBURDENED HEALTHNETWORKS ON THEIR BUDGETS ISTHERE.THIS CAME DOWN TO THE WIRE.OUR REPUBLICAN FRIENDS DIDN'TWANT TO DO IT, BUT I'M GLAD THEYACCEDED TO OUR WISHES HERE,BECAUSE LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AREHURTING.THEY ARE SPENDING MORE MONEYTHAN THEY HAVE EVER SPENT, ANDAT THE SAME TIME THEIR TAXREVENUES HAVE DECLINED.AND SO WE MUST HELP OUR LOCALGOVERNMENTS, AND WE WILL IN THISLEGISLATION, AND IT WILL BEDISTRIBUTED BETWEEN BOTH THELOCAL GOVERNMENT -- THE COUNTYGOVERNMENTS AND THE STATE.IN THE END, STATE AND LOCALGOVERNMENTS WILL NOW GET$150 BILLION, WITH $8 BILLIONSET ASIDE FOR TRIBALGOVERNMENTS.THE RELIEF IS DESPERATELY NEEDEDBECAUSE STATE REVENUES HAVEDRIED UP ALMOST OVERNIGHTLEAVING THEM WITH UNTENABLECHOICES ABOUT HOW TO ALLOCATETHEIR HEALTH CARE AND OTHERRESOURCES.FIFTH, URGENT HELP FOR SMALLBUSINESSES.MY DAD WAS A SMALL BUSINESSMAN,AN EXTERMINATOR.HE USED TO PACE THE FLOORSSUNDAY NIGHTS UNTIL 2:00 A.M.BECAUSE HE DIDN'T WANT TO GO TOWORK.I KNOW HOW SMALL BUSINESS PEOPLEWORRY AND SUFFER UNDER NORMALTIMES LET ALONE THESE DIFFICULTTIMES.THIS BILL OFFERS $350 BILLION INLOAN FORGIVENESS GRANTS TO SMALLBUSINESSES TO KEEP THEIREXISTING WORK FORCE AND TO HELPPAY FOR THINGS LIKE RENT,MORTGAGE, AND UTILITIES.IT PROVIDES $10 BILLION INEMERGENCY GRANTS TO PROVIDEIMMEDIATE RELIEF FOR SMALLBUSINESS OPERATING COSTS.AND OF COURSE THERE ARE MANYTHINGS BESIDES IN THIS BILL.THOSE WERE THE FIVE THINGS WEPUSHED FOR.SMALL BUSINESS WAS MUCH IN THEBILL THAT LEADER McCONNELL PUTFORWARD.ALL THE REST, WE AS DEMOCRATSHAVE PUSHED HARD FOR AND GOTTENIN THE BILL.NOW, THERE ARE OTHER THINGS,TOO.SUPPORT FOR AMERICAN FAMILIES,INCLUDING CHILD CARE, EDUCATION,SENIOR CARE, HOUSING, AND MORE.ONE THING OF PARTICULARIMPORTANCE TO MY STATE IS PUBLICTRANSIT.THE M.T.A. IS DROWNING AFTERSUCH A STEEP AND SUDDEN LOSS OFRIDERSHIP.DEMOCRATS ASKED FOR AND NOW HAVESECURED $25 BILLION LIFEPRESERVER TO KEEP THOSE PUBLICTRANSIT SYSTEMS AFLOAT AS WELL.AND IT'S NOT JUST BIG CITIES.THE BUS SYSTEMS IN RURAL AREASWILL DEPEND ON THIS AS WELL.THE BOTTOM LINE IS THIS -- THISBIPARTISAN AGREEMENT WILLPROVIDE MORE RESOURCES TO OURPUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM AND PROTECTAMERICAN WORKERS OF ALL STRIPES.NOW, AS I HAVE SAID BEFORE, THISBILL IS FAR FROM PERFECT.MANY FLAWS REMAIN, SOME SERIOUS,BUT BY NO STRETCH OF THEIMAGINATION IS THIS THE BILL THEDEMOCRATS WOULD HAVE WRITTEN HADWE BEEN IN THE MAJORITY.IF DEMOCRATS HELD THE PEN, WEWOULD HAVE DESIGNED THEASSISTANCE TO TROUBLEDINDUSTRIES IN A COMPLETELYDIFFERENT WAY.WE WOULD HAVE ADDED EVEN MORESUPPORT FOR MEDICAID, HOSPITALS,COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS, ANDNURSING HOMES.A NEW PATIENT PROTECTION -- ANDNEW PATIENT PROTECTIONS TOENSURE THAT EVERYONE WITHCORONAVIRUS CAN ACCESS ANDAFFORD TREATMENT.WE WOULD HAVE INCREASED FOODASSISTANCE.WE WOULD HAVE INCLUDED MORERELIEF FOR STUDENT BORROWERS ANDPROHIBITIONS ON EVICTIONS ANDFORECLOSURES ON AMERICANS FORTHE DURATION OF THE CRISIS.WE HAVE GOTTEN MANY OF THOSE BUTNOT ALL ON EVICTIONS ANDFORECLOSURES.WE WOULD HAVE PUT WORKERS FIRSTIN EVERY SINGLE PART OF THEBILL.THAT'S WHAT WE TRIED TO DO HEREAS MUCH AS POSSIBLE, BUT SENATEDEMOCRATS ARE NOT IN THEMAJORITY.WE KNEW THIS BILL HAD TO PASSMUSTER WITH THE REPUBLICANADMINISTRATION, AND A FAILURE TOREACH AN AGREEMENT IN THIS TIMEOF DEEPENING SERIOUS, PAINFULNATIONAL CRISIS WAS SIMPLY NOTAN OPTION.WE HAVE BEFORE US AN IMPERFECTBILL BUT A NECESSARY ONE.DESPITE ITS FLAWS, IT IS FARBETTER THAN WHERE WE STARTED,AND IT'S TIME TO PASS IT.NOW, BEFORE I YIELD THE FLOOR,THERE ARE SOME PEOPLE I HAVE TORECOGNIZE.THE REPUBLICAN CHAIRS ANDDEMOCRATIC RANKING MEMBERS ANDTHEIR STAFFS WHO HAVE WORKEDDILIGENTLY ON THIS LEGISLATION.SENATORS LEAHY AND CARDIN ANDSHAHEEN AND WAR REVENUE AND REEDAND PETERS AND WYDEN AND SO MANYMORE I COULD NAME, THE WHOLECAUCUS AND THEIR ENTIRE STAFFS,THANK YOU.THIS BILL IS BETTER BECAUSE OFYOUR LONG HOURS AND HARD WORK.THE FLOOR STAFF WHO KEPT THISCHAMBER OPEN AND RUNNING AT ALLHOURS, WE THANK YOU.SECRETARY MNUCHIN, AIRCRAFTEULAND, MARK MEADOWS, AND THEIRSTAFFS WHO HAVE SPENT MORE TIMEIN MY OFFICE THAN THEY CARE TOADMIT, THANK YOU.NOW TO MY STAFF.I AM BLESSED WITH THE GREATESTSTAFF A SENATOR COULD HAVE.THEY ARE SO DEDICATED TO THEPUBLIC GOOD, THEY ARE SODEDICATED TO THIS COUNTRY, ANDYOU SHOULD HAVE SEEN THEMWORKING.JERRY PATRELL AND MEGAN TYRAHAVE A LITTLE BABY AT HOME.BOTH OF THEM HAVE IMPORTANTROLES IN MY STAFF.THEY MET HERE, GOT MARRIED.THEY WERE DAY IN AND DAY OUT.SO WAS EVERYBODY ELSE.SO WAS EVERYBODY ELSE.I WANT TO THANK MY STAFF.IF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE SAW THEWORK YOU DID, THEY WOULD BE SOPROUD.SO THANK YOU FROM THE BOTTOM OFMY HEART.OUR COLLEAGUES AND OUR STAFFSHAVE COMMITTED THEMSELVES INTHIS WAY BECAUSE THEY UNDERSTANDTHE SACRIFICES BEING MADE BY THEAMERICAN PEOPLE IN HOMES ANDHOSPITALS ACROSS THIS GREATNATION.THE WORKING FAMILIES WHO ARE ATHOME, MISSING PAYCHECKS, PLAYINGTEACHER AND PROVIDER ANDCAREGIVER ALL AT ONCE.THE THOUSANDS OF AMERICANS WHOARE VOLUNTEERING TO HELPUNDERSTAFFED MEDICAL FACILITIES,THE SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS WHOARE WATCHING THE LABOR OF THEIRLIVES EVAPORATE IN AN INSTANTBUT ARE STILL PAYING THEIRWORKERS AS MUCH AS THEY CANMANAGE.THE NRS AND DOCTORS AND HEALTHCARE WORKERS WHO KNOW BETTERTHAN ANYONE THE RISK OFCONTRACTING THIS DISEASE BYTREATING INFECTED PATIENTS WHOGO TO WORK EVERY DAY, WORKINGLONGER SHIFTS TO DO GOD'S WORKANYWAY.TO THEM, TO ALL AMERICANS, I SAYTHIS -- HELP IS ON THE WAY, BIGHELP, QUICK HELP.WE ARE GOING TO TAKE UP THISBILL AND PASS IT TO CARE FORTHOSE WHO ARE NOW CARING FOR USAND HELP CARRY MILLIONS OFAMERICANS THROUGH THESE DARKTIMES.THIS IS CERTAINLY NOT THE END OFOUR WORK HERE IN CONGRESS, BUTRATHER THE END OF THE BEGINNING.THE CRISIS CONTINUES TO DEEPEN.THERE WILL BE DIFFICULT DAYSAHEAD, AND THE WORST MAY BE YETTO COME, AND WE CERTAINLY MAYHAVE TO COME BACK AND DO FURTHERLEGISLATION, BUT WE KNOW RIGHTNOW HELP IS ON THE WAY.AND WE WILL NOT STOP WORKINGUNTIL WE SEE OUR NATION THROUGHTHIS TIME OF EXTRAORDINARYCHALLENGE.I YIELD THE FLOOR AND NOTE THEABSENCE -- I YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. GARDNER: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM COLORADO.MR. GARDNER: I THANK YOU,MR. PRESIDENT.IT IS GREAT TO BE BACK ON THEFLOOR OF THE U.S. SENATE.IT'S A HEAVY OBLIGATION WE HAVEBEFORE US.ON MARCH 17, I WAS CONTACTED BYTHE TRICOUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENTTO NOTIFY ME THAT ON MARCH 11, IHAD BEEN IN A MEETING WITH ACOLORADAN WHO LATER TESTEDPOSITIVE FOR COVID-19, AND ATTHE ADVICE OF THE TRICOUNTYHEALTH DEPARTMENT AND THEATTENDING PHYSICIAN IN THECAPITOL, I ENTEREDSELF-QUARANTINE TO PROTECT MYCOLLEAGUES, OUR COMMUNITY, ANDTHEIR FAMILY, AND THAT TIME HASNOW EXPIRED AS OF THIS MORNING.I CERTAINLY REGRET THE FACT THATI MISSED A VOTE THAT PASSED 90-8TO COMPLETE PHASE TWO OF OURHELP TO ADDRESS COVID-19.I WISH I HAD BEEN HERE BECAUSETHE VOTE WOULD HAVE BEEN 91-8.BUT THROUGHOUT THAT TIME THAT IWAS IN QUARANTINE, I HAD ANOPPORTUNITY TO VISIT WITHTHOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OFCOLORADANS.TELEPHONE TOWN HALLS AND EVERYCONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT TO HEARFROM BUSINESS LEADERS, TO HEARFROM BUSINESS INDIVIDUALS WHOHAVE LOST THEIR JOBS, TO HEARFROM PARENTS WHO ARE AT HOMEWITH THEIR KIDS WHO ARE OUT OFSCHOOL, NOT KNOWING IF THEYWOULD GO BACK AT ALL TO WORK.TO FIGURE OUT HOW ZOOM WORKS, TOFIGURE OUT HOW SKYPE WORKS, TOFIGURE OUT HOW TECHNOLOGY WORKSTO TEACH THEIR KIDS AT HOME.THROUGHOUT THIS PROCESS, I HAVEADOPTED A THREE-PRONG APPROACHTO WHAT WE MUST DO AS A COUNTRYTO GET THROUGH THE CRISIS ATHAND.NUMBER ONE, WE HAVE TO ADDRESSTHE IMMEDIATE HEALTH EPIDEMIC.WHAT WE ARE DOING TO, AS THEEXPERTS SAY, FLATTEN THE CURVETO STOP THE SPREAD, TO PROVIDETHE RESOURCES, THE TESTS, THEPROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT THAT WENEED TO OUR STATES TO MAKE SURETHAT THEY CAN FIGHT THISINVISIBLE VIRUS.WHAT WE CAN BE DOING TO GIVETHEM THE TOOLS, THE SKILLS THEYNEED FOR THE HEROIC EFFORTS OFOUR FRONTLINE HEALTH CAREPROVIDERS, THE DOCTORS, THENURSES, THE CLERICAL STAFF, THEJANITORS, THE CLASSIFIEDWORKERS, ALL OF THE PEOPLE WHOHAVE BEEN SO HEROIC TO PROVIDEHEALTH CARE TO OUR PEOPLE.THAT'S PHASE ONE, MAKING SURETHAT WE STOP THIS EPIDEMIC ANDADDRESS THE NEEDS OF THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.PRONG TWO OF THIS THREE-PRONGAPPROACH IS ABOUT MAKING SURETHAT WE PROVIDE INDIVIDUALS WITHIMMEDIATE ASSISTANCE, PEOPLE WHOARE TERRIFIED ABOUT WHAT HAPPENSTO THEIR JOB, HOW THEY'RE GOINGTO MAKE ENDS MEET, WHAT THEY'REGOING TO DO TO PUT FOOD ON THETABLE, HOW THEY ARE GOING TO PAYTHEIR RENT, HOW THEY ARE GOINGTO PAY THEIR MORTGAGE, WILL THEYHAVE A RESTAURANT TO GO BACK TO?THAT'S PRONG TWO OF THISAPPROACH.PRONG THREE OF COURSE IS TO GETOUR BUSINESSES UP AND RUNNINGAGAIN TO MAKE SURE THAT WHENTHIS HEALTH EPIDEMIC IS OVER,THIS HEALTH EMERGENCY IS OVER,WE CAN MAKE SURE WE HAVE ANECONOMY THAT SNAPS BACK AND RUNSSTRONG.AND WE WILL DO THAT BECAUSE WEAS A COUNTRY WILL RISE TOGETHER.WE WILL DO IT UNITED.WE WILL DO IT BECAUSE WE IN THISCOUNTRY KNOW HOW TO OVERCOMEGREAT CHALLENGES.AND WE'RE TAKING THESE MEASURESTO QUARANTINE AND SELF-ISOLATENOT BECAUSE WE ARE FEARFUL OFTHE VIRUS, NOT BECAUSE WE'REAFRAID OF WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF WEDON'T, BUT WE'RE DOING IT OUT OFLOVE FOR EACH OTHER.WE'RE DOING IT OUT OF LOVE FOROUR NEIGHBORS AND OUR COMMUNITYAND OUR PARENTS AND OURGRANDPARENTS AND OUR CHILDREN.WE TAKE THE GUIDANCES OF THEHEALTH EXPERTS AND THE PUBLICPOLICY EXPERTS SERIOUSLY BECAUSEWE WANT TO SHARE THAT LOVE WITHPEOPLE TO STOP THE SPREAD SOTHAT WE CAN AVOID THE SURGE THATCAN OVERWHELM OUR HEALTH CARESYSTEMS.BECAUSE WE KNOW UNDER THEBEST-CASE SCENARIOS, BEST-CASESCENARIOS, WE'RE LOOKING AT ASITUATION THAT COULD UTILIZE 95%OF EVERY HOSPITAL BED IN THISCOUNTRY.FOR THE NEXT YEAR.WE DO THIS OUT OF LOVE FOR EACHOTHER AND FOR OUR COMMUNITY ANDTO PROTECT ONE ANOTHER.IN COLORADO RIGHT NOW, WE HAVEROUGHLY A THOUSAND-PLUSCONFIRMED COVID-19 PATIENTS.WE HAVE LOST 12, PERHAPS MORE BYTHE TIME I'M GIVING THIS SPEECHTODAY IN COLORADO.THESE LIVES, THOSE WHO HAVETESTED POSITIVE, THEIR LOVEDONES ARE ALL IN MY PRAYERSTODAY.THE GOVERNOR OF COLORADOOBVIOUSLY ISSUING THE EMERGENCYDECLARATIONS.I JUST SPOKE WITH THE GOVERNOR AFEW MINUTES AGO TO TALK ABOUTHOW WE CAN CONTINUE TO PROVIDETHE RESOURCES THAT COLORADONEEDS.OVER TWO MILLION PEOPLE ACROSSTHE DENVER METRO AREA ARE NOW INSOME KIND OF A SHELTER-IN-PLACEORDER, ORDERED TO STAY AT HOME.OUR NATION IS UNEASY.OUR FUTURE IS UNCERTAIN.AND THE LEVEL OF ANXIETY THATOUR COUNTRY FACES IS THE HIGHESTI HAVE EVER SEEN IT.BUT WE DON'T NEED TO HAVEUNEASINESS ABOUT OUR FUTUREBECAUSE WE WILL RISE TOGETHER.WE WILL COME TOGETHER AS ANATION TO OVERCOME THIS.WE KNOW THAT OUR FUTURE -- THEFUTURE OF THIS NATION WILL BEPROSPEROUS AGAIN, THAT OURECONOMY WILL BE THRIVING AGAIN,THAT OUR COMMUNITIES WILL BEABLE TO CELEBRATE WHAT WE HAVEOVERCOME BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT WEDO IN THIS GREAT NATION.WE RISE.WE RISE TOGETHER.WE STAND TOGETHER.COLORADANS HAVE STEPPED UP INEVERY WAY POSSIBLE.IN A UNIQUELY COLORADO WAY, YOUHAVE HEMP BUSINESSES THAT ARENOW PRODUCING COTTON SWABS FORMEDICAL NEEDS.YOU HAVE WHISKEY DISTILLERIESTHAT ARE PRODUCING HANDSANITIZERS FOR HOSPITALS, FORHOME HEALTH CARE.WE HAVE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTTHAT'S BEING DONATED BY THEDENVER BRONCOS AND BY MARIJUANAINDUSTRY AND BY SO MANY OTHERBUSINESSES ACROSS THE STATE OFCOLORADO WHO ARE STEPPING UP INWAYS THAT MAKE ALL OF US PROUD.THEY'RE CHECKING ON THEIRNEIGHBORS.THEY'RE CHECKING ON THEIRFRIENDS.THEY'RE MAKING SURE THAT ELDERLYPEOPLE IN THEIR CHURCH THAT THEYHAVE MET ARE OKAY, MAKING SURETHAT WE CHECK IN WITH OUR LOVEDONES AND THOSE AROUND US.WE HAVE BEEN ABLE TO GETSUCCESSFUL TESTS UPPED ANDRUNNING IN DIFFERENT PLACESACROSS COLORADO, HELPINGDIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS ANDDIFFERENT HEALTH CARE FACILITIESFIND NEW WAYS TO PROCESS THISOVERWHELMING BURDEN.AND AS THIS PLACE HAS PASSEDPHASE ONE THAT GAVE MILLIONS OFDOLLARS TO THE STATE OF COLORADOAND SO MANY STATES AROUND THECOUNTRY, AS WE PASSED PHASE TWOWHICH PREPARES ADDITIONALTESTING AND NUTRITION PROGRAMSAND OTHER WAYS TO MEET THISCHALLENGE, WE NOW TURN TO PHASETHREE.PHASE THREE ADDRESSES ALL THREEPRONGS OF MY APPROACH.IT ADDRESSES HEALTH EMERGENCY,ASSISTANCE TO INDIVIDUALS, ANDADDRESSES THE ABILITY FOR OURECONOMY TO SNAP BACK WHAT WEADDRESS THIS HEALTH EMERGENCY.IT SHEEDZ TO PASS NOW.IT SHOULD HAVE PASSED DAYS AGO.I DON'T THINK THE AMERICANPEOPLE GIVE A HOOT IF IT WAS AREPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT IDEA.I CAN TELL YOU WITH MY TELETOWNHALLS, NO ONE SAID, WE HOPE THEREPUBLICAN-ONLY VERSION PASSESOR THE DEMOCRAT VERSION-ONLYPASSES.THAT'S NOT WHAT THEY ARE SAYING.THEY ARE SAYING DO YOUR JOBBECAUSE WE'RE SCARED ABOUT WHATHAPPENS NEXT.PASS THE RELIEF THAT WE NEED TOGET THEM BACK ON THEIR FEET TOMAKE SURE WE KNOW THEY'LL BEABLE TO HAVE FOOD ON THE TABLETO PAY RENT.I CAN'T IMAGINE WHAT SOMEBODYWHO BUILT FOR 50 YEARS AS ASMALL BUSINESS BE GOING THROUGHEVERY HOUR WE DELAY WONDERING IFTHAT 50-YEAR DREAM IS GOING TOSTAND AND SURVIVE.SHAME ON THE PEOPLE AROUND HEREWHO SAID, YOU KNOW WHAT, LET'SHAVE ONE MORE DAY OF DELAY, ONEMORE HOUR OF DELAY.BECAUSE A REPUBLICAN COULD GETTHEIR WAY OR A DEMOCRAT COULDGET THEIR WAY.WHEN I WAS AT HOME NOT ONCE DIDI HEAR ANYBODY SAY, COULD YOUSTALL A LITTLE BIT MORE FORPARTISAN PURPOSES?THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE RISINGABOVE THE FRAY.THEY ARE MEETING THIS CHALLENGEIN THE SPIRIT THAT I HEAR INEVERY CONVERSATION I HAVE.THEY ARE DONATING BLOOD.THEY ARE SHARING THAT LOVE THATI TALKED ABOUT WITH THEIRNEIGHBORS, THEIR COMMUNITIES.THEY ARE FIGURING OUT NEW WAYSTO BE TOGETHER EVEN WHEN WE'RESUPPOSED TO STAND APART.THAT'S WHAT THE AMERICAN PEOPLEARE DOING.AND WE'RE BICKERING ABOUT PHASETHREE AND WE'LL HAVE PHASE FOURAND PHASE FIVE.YOU KNOW WHAT WE'VE DONE INSTEADOF PATTING OURSELVES ON THEBACK, YOU KNOW WHAT WE'VE DONE?WE MANAGED TO GET BACK, I HOPE,TO THE STARTING LINE.WE DIDN'T RUN THROUGH THE TAPE.WE HAVEN'T FINISHED THE JOB.WE'VE MADE IT, I HOPE, TO APLACE WHERE WE CAN NOW KNOWWE'RE BACK AT THE LINE AND WECAN RUN TOGETHER TO FIX WHATWILL BE TREMENDOUS NEEDS AND TOADDRESS TREMENDOUS NEEDS OF THISCOUNTRY.TO ANSWER THE ANXIETY THAT EVERYSINGLE ONE OF OUR CONSTITUENTSHAS.THAT'S WHAT CONGRESS SHOULD DO.THAT'S WHAT THAT CONGRESS MUSTDO, AND I AM GLAD AND I'LL BEPROUD TO VOTE FOR THIS BILLTODAY BECAUSE WE HAVE TO GETTHIS JOB DONE AND THERE'S MOREWORK TO DO.WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLEUNDERSTAND THE RECOVERY BENEFITSTHAT THEY ARE GOING TO BERECEIVING WILL HELP ANSWER THATANXIETY TO HOPEFULLY GIVE THEMHOPE THAT THE NEW CATEGORIES OFUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE THAT HAVEBEEN CEDE UNDER THIS WILL ALSOGIVE THEM THE ABILITY TO KNOW ITIS GOING TO BE OKAY, TO KNOWTHAT THE SMALL BUSINESS LOANSTHAT ARE BEING MADE AVAILABLEWILL HELP THAT RESTAURANT STAYIN BUSINESS.I TALKED TO EVE IN AURORA, ANDSHE DIDN'T KNOW HOW SHE WASGOING TO SURVIVE.SHE CONVERTED HER WHOLE BUSINESSTO TAKEOUT, BUT SHE DIDN'T KNOWHOW SUCCESSFUL THAT WOULD BE.TO ROBERTA IN PLEBO WHO HAD THESAME QUESTIONS.THIS WILL HELP PEOPLE TO BRINGPEOPLE BACK ON PAYROLL THAT THEYLET GO BECAUSE THEY DIDN'T KNOWHOW TO MAKE ENDS MEET.TO PAY THEIR UTILITIES, TO PAYTHEIR RENT, TO HAVE THEIRMORTGAGES AND HAVE THAT LOANGIVEN AND MAKE THE ECONOMYVIBRANT AGAIN.BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT WE DO INTHIS COUNTRY.WE DON'T LOOK BACK, WE LOOKFORWARD.AND IN COLORADO WE LOOK UP TOTHE GREAT MOUNTAIN HORIZON.WE DON'T LOOK DOWN, WE LOOK UPTO SEE THE NEXT HORIZON AND WESTRIVE FOR THE OPTIMISTIC NEXTDAY.THAT'S WHAT WE DO IN COLORADO.AND I KNOW THIS COUNTRY DOES THESAME.YOU KNOW, I TALKED TO A70-YEAR-OLD COLORADAN IN WELDCOUNTY, COLORADO WHO ON ATELETOWN HALL.YOU COULD HEAR IT IN HER VOICE,SHE DIDN'T KNOW WHAT TO DOBECAUSE SHE WAS OLD -- OLDERTHAN THE EXPERTS SAY SHOULD BEOUT AND NOT FOLLOWING GUIDANCES.BUT SHE SAID, I CAN'T FINDTHE -- THE DISINFECTANTS ANDCLEANERS THAT I NEED.HOW DO I FIND THAT?SO WE WERE ABLE TO FIND HERLEAF.AND THE GROCERY STORES STEPPEDUP AND PROVIDED SPECIAL HOURSFOR PEOPLE.AND THEY ARE DELIVERING TOPEOPLE LIKE THE WOMAN I SPOKETO.THEY ARE PROVIDING INFORMATIONTO THEIR COMMUNITIES AND THEY'VEGOT CLERKS, THEY'VE GOTCASHIERS, THEY'VE GOT PEOPLESTOCKING THE SHELVES ON THEFRONT LINE XEEPG OUR COMMUNITIESSAFE.TO ALL OF THEM -- KEEPING OURCOMMUNITIES SAFE.TO ALL OF THEM, THANK YOU FORTHE WORK THEY'VE BEEN DOING EACHAND EVERY DAY.IT'S IMPORTANT TO RECOGNIZE INTHIS COUNTRY THAT WE'VE SEENGREAT CHALLENGES.I REMEMBER MY GRANDMOTHER WHOPASSED AWAY THIS YEAR TALKINGABOUT HER EXPERIENCES IN THEGREAT DEPRESSION.THIS COUNTRY'S BEEN THROUGH THEGREAT DEPRESSION.WE'VE BEEN THROUGH THE GREATRECESSION.WE WILL MAKE IT THROUGH THEGREAT INFECTION.THAT'S WHAT WE DO AS A COUNTRY.THAT'S WHO WE ARE AS A PEOPLE.THE SENATE WILL APPROVE THISBILL TODAY AND THE HOUSE MUSTAPPROVE IT WITHOUT DELAY, NOEXCUSES, NO DELAY, PASS THEDOGGONE BILL NOW.THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVEEXPECTED THIS FOR A LONG TIME.IT SHOULDN'T HAVE TAKEN THISLONG.DO YOUR JOB.DO OUR JOB.GET THIS DONE.WE WILL ACT OUT OF LOVE FOR OURCOMMUNITIES.WE WILL ACT OUT OF COMPASSION,AND WE WILL RISE TO THE SPIRITTHAT HAS MADE THIS COUNTRYGREAT.I'VE HEARD SO MANY OF MYCOLLEAGUES COME TOGETHER ANDTALK ABOUT WARTIME FOOTING ORTHEY TALKED ABOUT HOW WEMOBILIZED IN A WAY THAT MAYBETHE PEOPLE HAVE NEVER SEEN INTHEIR LIFETIMES.IT'S REMINDED ME, THOUGH, WHATTHOMAS PAYNE WROTE IN THE CRISISDURING OUR REVOLUTION, WHICHACTUALLY GEORGE WASHINGTON READTO HIS TROOPS.AND HERE IS WHAT THOMAS PAYNESAID.I CALL NOT UPON A FEW BUT UPONALL NOT ON THIS STATE OR THATSTATE BUT ON EVERY STATE UP ANDHELP US.LAY YOUR SHOULDERS TO THE WHEELBETTER HERE TO -- TO HAVE TOOMUCH FORCE THAN TOO LITTLE WHENSO GREAT AN OBJECT IS AT STAKE.LET IT BE TOLD TO THE FUTUREWORLD THAT IN THE DEPTH OFWINTER WHEN NOTHING BUT HOPE ANDVIRTUE COULD SURVIVE THAT THECITY AND COUNTRY ALARMED AT ONECOMMON DANGER CAN FORTH TO MEETAND REPULSE IT.WE WERE TAUGHT IN SUNDAY SCHOOLTHAT OUR STRUGGLES LEAD TOPERSEVERANCE.THAT PERSEVERANCE LEADS TOCHARACTER, AND THAT CHARACTERGIVES US HOPE.WE WILL GET THROUGH THIS,AMERICA.WE WILL START WITH THIS BILL.WE'VE GOT A LOT MORE WORK TO DO,BUT TO MY COLLEAGUES, DO OURJOBS.GET IT DONE.NO EXCUSES.I YIELD THE FLOOR,MR. PRESIDENT, AND NOTE THEABSENCE OF A QUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE CLERKWILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:A SENATOR: MADAM PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM MARYLAND ISRECOGNIZED.A SENATOR: I WOULD ASK CONSENTTHE QUORUM CALL BE DISPENSEDWITH.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. CARDIN: MADAM PRESIDENT, THEPEOPLE IN THIS NATION AREHURTING.WE KNOW THAT.THEY ARE VERY CONCERNED ABOUTTHEIR OWN HEALTH.THEY'RE WORRIED THAT THEY MAY BECARRYING THE VIRUS AND THEY TAKEIT HOME TO THEIR ELDERLY PARENTWHO COULD BE -- COME DOWN WITHTHE VIRUS.THEY ARE WORRIED ABOUT HOW LONGTHIS SOCIAL DISTANCING ANDCOMMUNICATING FROM HOME ANDSTAYING AT HOME IS GOING TO BEREQUIRED IN ORDER TO CONTROL THESPREAD OF THE VIRUS.THEY'RE WORRIED ABOUT THEIRECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, WHETHERTHEY'RE GOING TO GET A PAYCHECK.AND I AM PLEASED THAT TODAY WEHAVE AN AGREEMENT WITH OURLEADERS TO MOVE FORWARD ON THETHIRD STIMULUS PACKAGE TO DEALWITH THIS CRISIS OF COVID-19.I FIRST WANT TO EXPRESS MYAPPRECIATION TO OUR LEADERSHIP.I HAVE BEEN IN DAILY, ALMOSTHOURLY COMMUNICATION WITHSENATOR SCHUMER, AND I KNOW HOWHARD HE'S WORKED TO MAKE SURETHAT PACKAGE REALLY REACHES THEMEDICAL EMERGENCY THAT WE HAVE,THAT DEALS WITH THE WORKERS TOMAKE SURE THAT THEY AREPROTECTED AND THEY ARE PROTECTEDAND WHATEVER WE DO THAT PROVIDESTHE HELP FOR STATE AND LOCALGOVERNMENTS, THAT PROVIDES THEMUCH NEEDED ATTENTION TO THESEPARTICULAR ISSUES AND THAT WEHAVE ACCOUNTABILITY ON ANY OFTHE MONEYS THAT ARE GOINGPARTICULARLY TO OUR LARGESTCOMPANIES IN THIS COUNTRY.SO I WANT TO EXPRESS MYAPPRECIATION.AND I AM VERY PLEASED THAT OURFIRST PRIORITY, OUR VERY FIRSTPRIORITY IS TO DEAL WITH THEPUBLIC HEALTH CHALLENGE.THIS IS INCLUDED IN WHAT'SHAPPENING IN MY STATE OFMARYLAND AND WHAT'S HAPPENING INEVERY STATE IN OUR NATION.SO I AM PLEASED THAT IN OURSTATE IT'S TEAM MARYLAND.OUR CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION ISWORKING VERY CLOSELY WITHGOVERNOR HOGAN AND HIS CABINET,AND WE'RE WORKING VERY CLOSELYWITH OUR COUNTY EXECUTIVES ANDOUR MAYORS AND OUR PRIVATESECTOR TO DO EVERYTHING WE CANTO PROTECT THE PUBLIC HEALTH OFTHE PEOPLE OF OUR STATE.WE'VE DONE WHAT WE CAN LOCALLYTO MAKE SURE TESTING ISAVAILABLE SO WE UNDERSTAND THEDIMENSIONS OF THIS PROBLEM.AND THE GOVERNOR HAS TAKENEXTRAORDINARY STEPS IN ORDER TOINCREASE OUR MEDICAL CAPACITY INTHE LIKELIHOOD THAT WE'RE GOINGTO SEE A SIGNIFICANT INCREASENUMBER OF THOSE PEOPLE THAT HAVETHE CORONAVIRUS.YES, WE NEED TO STAY AT HOMEUNLESS IT IS AN URGENT REASONFOR US TO BE OUTSIDE OF HOME.AND I'M FREQUENTLY ASKED BY MYFRIENDS WHY DON'T WE DO AS MUCHAS WE CAN IN THE UNITED STATESSENATE REMOTELY?I THINK WE SHOULD, INCLUDINGVOTING.SO WE NEED TO DISTANCE OURSELVESAND MINIMIZE SOCIAL CONTACT INORDER TO PREVENT THE SPIKE OFTHIS DISEASE WHICH WOULD TESTOUR MEDICAL CAPACITY TO HANDLEIT.SO I WAS PLEASED THAT THE THIRDSUPPLEMENTAL, THE AGREEMENTTHAT'S BEEN REACHED THAT WE WILLVOTE ON HOPEFULLY TODAY, THAT ITDOES HAVE A SURGE IN OUR MEDICALCAPACITY, A MARSHALL PLAN TODEAL WITH OUR HEALTH CARE NEEDS.I COULD GO THROUGH A LOT OF THESPECIFICS.I THINK SOME HAVE ALREADY GONETHROUGH BUT I PARTICULARLYAPPRECIATE THE FACT WE HAVE AHUNDRED BILLION DOLLARS FOR OURHOSPITALS AND HEALTH CAREFACILITIES, INCLUDING CLINICS INTHIS BILL.I AM PLEASED THAT THERE IS A 20%INCREASE IN HOSPITALREIMBURSEMENT RATES, AND I WANTTO THANK SENATOR GRASSLEY ANDSENATOR WYDEN FOR INCLUDING INTHAT PROVISION A UNIQUE CLAUSEFOR THE MARYLAND HOSPITALS SOTHAT THEY CAN BE QUALIFIED FORTHIS.MARYLAND HAS, AS I THINK SOME OFYOU KNOW, AN ALL-PAYER RATESTRUCTURE AND WE HAD TO MAKESURE THESE PROVISIONS WOULDAPPLY IN MARYLAND, AND I THANKTHEM FOR THEIR ATTENTION TO THATDETAIL.THERE'S ALSO MONEY IN HERE FOROUR HOSPITALS TO BE READY FORPREPAREDNESS WHICH I THINK ISEXTREMELY IMPORTANT.AND THERE IS A SEPARATE LINEAPPROPRIATION FOR OUR COMMUNITYHEALTH CENTERS AND OURFEDERALLY-QUALIFIED HEALTHCLINICS.THAT'S CRITICALLY IMPORTANT.THEY ARE BEING STRESSED AS THENEEDS ARE INCREASING AND AS THECOST OF TREATMENT IS INCREASING.WE NEED TO REPLENISH THENATIONAL STOCKPILE.WE KNOW THAT CONCERNS ONPROTECTIVE GEAR, WE KNOW THAT.WE KNOW THAT VENTILATORS ANDRESPIRATORS ARE IN SHORT SUPPLY.WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE WE HAVEADEQUATE REPLACEMENT OF WHAT'SBEEN TAKEN OUT OF OUR NATIONALSTOCKPILE AND AVAILABLE NOW TODEAL WITH THE SURGE THAT ISCOMING UNDER ANY SCENARIO SOTHAT OUR HEALTH CARE WORKERSHAVE THE PROTECTIVE GEAR THATTHEY NEED AND OUR PATIENTS HAVETHE MEDICAL FACILITIES AND THERESPIRATORS THAT THEY NEED.WE ALSO HAVE PLUSSED UP THE WORKBEING DONE TO DEAL WITH THEDEVELOPMENT OF A VACCINE.I'M PLEASED THAT N.I.H. ISGETTING THE MONEYS THAT THEYNEED IN ORDER TO DO THE WORK.WE KNOW THAT WE'RE NOT GOING TOHAVE A VACCINE IN TIME THISYEAR, BUT WE WANT TO MAKE SUREWE GET IT AS SOON AS POSSIBLEAND IT'S ON A FAST TRACK ANDTHESE FUNDS WILL HELP US DEVELOPTHAT VACCINE FOR THE FUTURENEEDS OF CONTROLLING THIS TYPEOF A VIRUS.BUT IN THE MEANTIME, WE'RE ALSOPUTTING RESOURCES INTOTHERAPEUTIC DRUGS, DRUGS THATCAN HELP PEOPLE THAT ARE SICKTODAY.THOSE DRUGS ARE NOT YETAVAILABLE, BUT WE WANT TO MAKESURE WE DO EVERYTHING WE CAN TOMAKE THEM AVAILABLE AS SOON ASPOSSIBLE.FEMA HAS BEEN BUMPED UPSUBSTANTIALLY IN THIS BILL FORGOOD REASON.THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENTAGENCY.AND THAT BRINGS ME TO THE POINTTHAT IS A MAJOR IMPROVEMENTTHAT'S BEEN BROUGHT IN THISLEGISLATION TO HELP OUR STATEAND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.THEY'RE THE FRONT LINES OFPROVIDING THESE PUBLIC HEALTHNEEDS AND WE NEED TO PROVIDETHEM THE RESOURCES THEY NEED.SO FEMA NEEDS TO BE PROPERLYAPPROPRIATED AND WE HAD THEMONEY IN HERE TO HELP FEMA, BUTWE ALSO NEED DIRECT HELP TO OURLOCAL GOVERNMENTS TO DEAL WITHTHIS PROBLEM AND WE SEE THAT OURSTATE AND LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTHOFFICERS ARE GETTING EXTRAMONEY, FEDERAL REPORTING SO WEKNOW EXACTLY WHAT THE STATUS ISIN EACH OF OUR COMMUNITIES.ALL THAT IS IMPORTANT FOR OURMARSHALL PLAN TO CONTROL THISDISEASE AND GET IT UNDERCONTROL.BUT I WANTED TO TAKE THIS TIMETO TALK ABOUT A MATTER THAT IWAS WORKING ON ON SMALLBUSINESS.AND I MENTION THAT RECOGNIZINGWE'VE GOT TO GET OUR ECONOMYBACK ON TRACK.THE BEST WAY TO GET OUR ECONOMYBACK ON TRACK?GET THIS VIRUS CONTROLLED.GET PEOPLE ABLE TO GET OUT, TOWORK, AND TO BUY AND PARTICIPATEIN OUR ECONOMY.THAT'S THE BEST THING WE CAN DO.BUT THIS PACKAGE ALSO RECOGNIZESTHAT UNLESS WE HELP BUSINESSESAND WORKERS TODAY, WE'RE NOTGOING TO BE PREPARED FOR OURECONOMY WHEN WE ARE ABLE TOREBOUND.MY ROLE AS THE SENIOR DEMOCRATON THE SMALL BUSINESS COMMITTEEWORKING WITH SENATOR RUBIO, THECHAIRMAN OF THAT COMMITTEE WASTO MAKE SURE WE HAD A ROBUSTPROVISION TO PRESERVE THE GROWTHENGINE AND INNOVATION ENGINE OFOUR ECONOMY, AND THAT IS SMALLBUSINESSES.THERE'S MORE JOB GROWTH FORSMALL COMPANIES.THERE'S MORE INNOVATION IN SMALLCOMPANIES.WE NEED TO PRESERVE THE ABILITYOF SMALL COMPANIES TO GETTHROUGH THIS TIME.AND QUITE FRANKLY, THEY DON'THAVE THE SAME DEEP POCKETS THATLARGE COMPANIES HAVE.THEY DON'T HAVE THE SAMEAVAILABILITY OF CREDIT THATLARGE COMPANIES HAVE.THEY DON'T HAVE THE SAME BANKINGARRANGEMENTS THAT LARGECOMPANIES HAVE.THEY DON'T HAVE THE SAMEFLEXIBILITY THAT LARGE COMPANIESHAVE.SO WE HAVE TO PROVIDE SPECIALATTENTION TO SMALL BUSINESSESAND THIS PACKAGE DOES THAT IN AVERY, VERY ROBUST WAY.SO FIRST, I ALREADY MENTIONEDSENATOR RUBIO.I THANK HIM FOR HIS LEADERSHIP.THE TWO OF US WERE WORKINGTOGETHER WELL BEFORE THIS WEEK.AND THAT'S WHY WE WERE PROBABLYFURTHER ALONG ON HELPING SMALLBUSINESSES THAN THE OTHER PARTSOF THIS PACKAGE DEALING WITH THEVARIOUS ECONOMIC AREAS.SENATOR SHAHEEN WAS A VALUABLEMEMBER OF OUR TEAM.I'VE WORKED WITH SENATOR SHAHEENON SMALL BUSINESS ISSUES FOR ALONG TIME.SHE WAS A KEY PLAYER IN PUTTINGTOGETHER THE PACKAGE THAT WEHAVE TO PRESENT TO OURCOLLEAGUES HERE IN THE UNITEDSTATES SENATE.I ALSO WANT TO ACKNOWLEDGESENATOR COLLINS.IT WAS THE FOUR OF US THAT WEREMEETING REGULARLY, COMMUNICATINGREGULARLY THAT RECOMMEND THISPACKAGE THAT YOU WILL SHORTLY BEVOTING ON AS IT RELATES TO SMALLBUSINESS.SO I ALSO IF I COULD I'D LIKE TOACKNOWLEDGE MEMBERS OF MY OWNSTAFF THAT HAVE WORKED LITERALLY24/7.I'VE TALKED TO THEM AT VARIOUSTIMES DURING THE NIGHT AND DAYAND IT'S BEEN VERY STRESSFUL FORALL OF US, BUT OUR STAFFS GET NOREST WHATSOEVER.SO TO SEAN MOORE AND THE ENTIRESTAFF ON THE DEMOCRATIC SIDE OFSMALL BUSINESS COMMITTEE, THANKYOU ON BEHALF OF AMERICA'S SMALLBUSINESSES AND WORKERS AND ONBEHALF OF OUR COUNTRY.AND TO RON STORHOFF WHO HAS BEENDOING A LOT OF THESE PROVISIONSON MY STAFF IN REGARDS TO THETAX ISSUES, IN REGARDS TO A LOTOF THESE OTHER ISSUES, THANK HIMFOR ALL OF HIS WORK AND TOLAUREN JEA WHO HAS NOT ONLYHELPED US PUT TOGETHER THE SMALLBUSINESS PACKAGE BUT SHE'S BEENAVAILABLE TO HELP MARYLANDHEALTH PROVIDERS AND PATIENTS TOTRY TO GET THROUGH WHERE WE ARETODAY.ALL THAT'S REFLECTED IN THE BILLTHAT WE WILL BE VOTING ON LATER.AND I KNOW ON THE REPUBLICANSIDE THERE'S BEEN DEDICATEDSTAFF WHO HAVE DONE EQUAL WORKTO MAKE SURE THAT WE HAVE A BILLTHAT WE CAN PRESENT TODAY.SO LET ME GO OVER, IF I MIGHT,SOME OF THE PROVISIONS THAT WEHAVE IN HERE FOR SMALLBUSINESSES.WE HAVE THREE NEW PROGRAMS,THREE NEW PROGRAMS TO HELP SMALLBUSINESSES IN OUR COMMUNITY.THEY'LL HAVE DIFFERENT TITLES,BUT EVERY ONE OF THEM PROVIDEGRANT HELP TO SMALL BUSINESSES.I'M GOING TO REPEAT THAT.YOU MIGHT HEAR THIS IS A LOAN.NO, THESE ARE GOING TO BE FUNDSTHAT GO TO SMALL BUSINESSES THATDO NOT HAVE TO BE REPAID.THESE ARE GRANT MONEY.WHY?BECAUSE A SMALL BUSINESS OWNERCAN'T INCUR MORE DEBT TODAY WHENTHEY HAD NO IDEA HOW THEY AREGOING TO BE ABLE TO SURVIVE INTHE FUTURE.WE'VE GOT TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATEHELP, IMMEDIATE HELP.IT'S GOT TO BE SUBSTANTIAL.AND IT'S GOT TO BE IN A WAY THATTHEY KNOW THAT THEY'RE NOT INCUPBETTERING THEIR FUTURE --INCUMBERING THEIR FUTURE.WE'VE GOT TO GET THAT MESSAGEOUT.THIS IS GOING TO BE IMMEDIATEHELP TO HELP AMERICA'S SMALLBUSINESS.ONE PROGRAM PROVIDES $350BILLION OF RELIEF TO SMALLCOMPANIES UNDER 500 EMPLOYEES.$350 BILLION.IT IS TRIGGERED BY GOING TO YOURFINANCIAL INSTITUTION ANDGETTING WHAT'S KNOWN AS A 7-ALOAN.LET ME CAUTION YOU.IT'S GOING TO BE FORGIVEN IF YOUFOLLOW THE RULES HERE.BUT YOU GO TO A BANK, AFINANCIAL INSTITUTION.YOU DO A 7-A LOAN, A HUNDREDPERCENT GUARANTEED BY THEGOVERNMENT SO THE BANK HAS NORISK FACTOR.THERE ARE NO PAYMENTS DUE FOR AYEAR.EVEN GETTING INTO THIS LOAN,THERE ARE NO OBLIGATIONS FORCASH OUTLAYS ON BEHALF OF THEBORROWER.THE FEES HAVEBEEN WAIVED.SO THIS IS A COST-FREEOPPORTUNITY TO GET THE CASH YOUNEED TO KEEP YOUR SMALL BUSINESSOPEN.THAT'S THE PURPOSE OF THIS NEWPROGRAM UNDER THE SMALL BUSINESSADMINISTRATION.THE AMOUNT OF THE LOAN.YOU TAKE YOUR AVERAGE PAYROLLBEFORE THE CORONAVIRUS WAS HERE,AND YOU TAKE YOUR MONTHLYAVERAGE PAYROLL AND MULTIPLY ITBY 2.5.BASICALLY, WHAT YOU'RE GETTINGIS TWO MONTHS OF PAYROLL FORYOUR WORKERS, PLUS AN EXTRA --IT COMES OUT TO AN EXTRA 25% OFYOUR PAYROLL BECAUSE IT'S TWOMONTHS OF THAT.NOW, WHAT ELIGIBLE EXPENSES --WHAT CAN YOU USE THIS FOR?WELL, YOU CAN USE THE TWO MONTHSFOR PAYROLL.PAY YOUR WORKERS.KEEP THEM EMPLOYED.IT SAVES YOU THE COST OFREHIRING IF YOU HAD TO FURLOUGHOR LAY OFF WORKERS.YOU CAN KEEP THEM EMPLOYED.YOU CAN USE THE EXTRA FUNDS TOCOVER THEIR EXPENSES THAT YOUHAVE ON THEIR HEALTH CARE ORHELD EXPENSES.YOU CAN USE THE EXTRA 25% FORRENTS OR MORTGAGE PAYMENTS ORUTILITY BILLS.SO IT GIVES YOU A CASH TOCONDUCT YOUR BUSINESS FOR THENEXT TWO MONTHS.IT GIVES YOU THE ABILITY TO KEEPAFLOAT SO THAT YOU'RE READY TOREBOUND WHEN THE ECONOMYREBOUNDS.WHO IS ELIGIBLE?COMPANIES UNDER 500, BUT WE WENTBEYOND THE TRADITIONAL 7-A'SELIGIBILITY.WE ARE ALSO ALLOWING NONPROFITSTO BE ABLE TO GET INTO THISPROGRAM SO THAT THEY WILL ALSOBE ABLE TO STAY AFLOAT, BECAUSEWE KNOW THE IMPORTANT WORK THATNONPROFITS DO FOR OUR COMMUNITY.THEY ARE ALSO ELIGIBLE.WE GAVE SOME RELAXATION TO THE500 RULE FOR LOCATIONS THAT WEREFOR RESTAURANTS OR HOTELS THATHAVE MULTIPLE LOCATIONS.THIS IS A PROGRAM THAT'S AIMEDAT KEEPING BUSINESSES OPEN ANDREADY, SMALL BUSINESSES FOR WHENWE GET THROUGH THIS CORONAVIRUS.AND THEN THIS AMOUNT OF MONEYTHAT YOU BORROWED IS TOTALLYFORGIVEN.TOTALLY FORGIVEN IF YOU MAINTAINYOUR WORKFORCE TO THEPRE-CORONAVIRUS LEVEL OR BRINGBACK YOUR WORKFORCE TO THEPRE-CORONAVIRUS LEVEL DURING THESTATED PERIOD OF TIME OF THISBILL.SO IF YOU KEEP YOUR WORK FORCE,BRING BACK YOUR WORK FORCE, THEGOVERNMENT'S GOING TO HELP YOUMAINTAIN YOUR ABILITY AND MAKESURE YOUR WORKERS GET PAID ANDTHEIR BENEFITS ARE MAINTAINED.IT WORKS VERY WELL WITH THEOTHER PROVISIONS THAT ARE INOTHER PARTS OF THIS BILL SUCH ASTHE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCEBENEFITS.YES, IF YOU FURLOUGH WORKERS,CAN YOU COLLECT UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS AT BASICALLY FULLSALARY FOR THE NEXT FOUR MONTHS,SO THAT'S ALSO AVAILABLE TOSMALL BUSINESSES.BUT WE WANT YOU TO ALSO KNOWTHAT YOU CAN KEEP YOUR EMPLOYEESEMPLOYED, THERE, READY FOR THEBUSINESS TO REBOUND, AS WE HOPEIT WILL SHORTLY.THAT'S JUST ONE PROGRAM.WE HAVE OTHER PROGRAMSAVAILABLE.WE HAVE A NEW PROGRAM WHICH ISLABELED AS A GRANT, A$10 BILLION GRANT PROGRAM FOREMERGENCY CASH AVAILABILITY FORSMALL BUSINESSES.THERE ARE BUSINESSES THAT HAVE AHARD TIME GOING TO A BANK ANDGETTING A COMMERCIAL LOAN.THERE ARE MANY SMALL BUSINESSESTHAT NEED CASH TODAY.THEY CAN'T WAIT FOR THAT PROCESSTO WORK ITS WAY THROUGH TO GETTHAT CHECK FROM THE SMALLBUSINESS ADMINISTRATION THROUGHONE OF THEIR FINANCIALINSTITUTIONS.IT'S GOING TO TAKE A LITTLE BITLONGER FOR THEM TO BE ABLE TOGET THAT DONE.SO WE HAVE EMERGENCY DISASTERRELIEF LOANS IN THE FIRSTSUPPLEMENTAL.WE MADE IT CLEAR THAT SMALLBUSINESSES QUALIFY FOR EMERGENCYDISASTER RELIEF LOANS IF THEYHAVE BEEN ADVERSELY IMPACTED BYTHE CORONAVIRUS.THESE ARE DIRECT LOANS COMINGOUT OF THE SMALL BUSINESSADMINISTRATION.THESE ARE NOT LOANS THAT AREFROM FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.WE HAVE INCLUDED THAT IN THEFIRST SUPPLEMENTAL.WE HAVE NOW -- WE NOW ALLOW YOUTO MAKE THAT APPLICATION ANDWITH THAT APPLICATION IF YOUNEED TO GET CASH IMMEDIATELY,THE S.B.A. CAN WRITE YOU A CHECKFOR UP TO $10,000.AND WE WANT THAT DONE WITHINTHREE DAYS.WE WANT THAT MONEY OUT IN DAYS,NOT WEEKS.WE HEAR THAT ALL THE TIME FROMSMALL BUSINESSES.WE NEED HELP NOW.WELL, THIS PROGRAM -- AND I WASPLEASED TO WORK ON THIS PROGRAM.I FILED LEGISLATION ON IT.THIS IS A NEED THAT'S OUT THERETODAY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE TOSMALL BUSINESS OWNERS.NOW, WE HAVE A THIRD PROGRAM.THAT'S TWO PROGRAMS.YOU CAN GET THIS BASICALLYTWO-MONTH HELP FROM THE FEDERALGOVERNMENT TO PAY YOUR PAYROLLAND RELATED EXPENSES.YOU CAN GET A $10,000 IMMEDIATECASH ADVANCEMENT ON THAT THROUGHAPPLYING FOR DISASTER RELIEFLOAN AND SHOWING A NEED AT THISSTAGE, AND THEN THERE IS A THIRDPROGRAM.THERE ARE MANY SMALL BUSINESSESTODAY THAT HAVE EXISTING LOANSUNDER THE SMALL BUSINESSADMINISTRATION.THESE ARE 7-A LOANS OR 504LOANS.7-A IS THE TRADITIONAL LOPE.504 ARE THE LARGER LOANS.WHAT THIS BILL DOES IS PROVIDE$17 BILLION OF RELIEF SO THOSEWHO HAD THESE EXISTING LOANS DONOT NEED TO MAKE ANY PAYMENTS ONTHOSE LOANS, THEY'RE FORGIVENFOR THE NEXT SIX MONTHS.I PARTICULARLY WANT TOACKNOWLEDGE SENATOR COONS' WORKON THIS.THIS IS A BILL THAT WE HAVE BEENWORKING ON AND IS ONLYREASONABLE TO RELIEF.WE ARE ASKING OTHERS TO RELIEFDEBT.LET US DO IT FOR OUR SMALLBUSINESSES UNDER THE 7-A AND 504PROGRAMS.SO YOU SEE, MR. PRESIDENT, THEREARE A LOT OF PROVISIONS HERETHAT HELP OUR SMALL BUSINESSES.I WANT TO TELL YOU THAT THEREARE OTHERS IN ADDITION TO THOSETHREE I JUST MENTIONED, I'MPLEASED THAT WE DO HAVE CONTRACTPROTECTION IN THIS BILL.LET ME EXPLAIN WHAT THAT MEANS.THIS APPLIES TO ALL BUSINESSES,NOT JUST SMALL BUSINESSES.BUT SMALL BUSINESSES THAT AREPARTICULARLY IMPACTED BY IT.BUT YOU CAN'T PERFORM THATGOVERNMENT CONTRACT BECAUSE YOUCAN'T GET ACCESS TO THE FACILITYBECAUSE IT'S SHUTTERED AS ARESULT OF THE CORONAVIRUS.THIS BILL ALLOWS YOU, THEFEDERAL GOVERNMENT, TO MAKE SUREYOU HAVE ADEQUATE FUNDSAVAILABLE TO PAY YOUR WORKERS SOTHAT THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHOSHOULD HAVE BEEN WORKING AT THEFEDERAL FACILITY WILL GET PAIDDURING THIS PERIOD OF TIME.WE ALSO PROVIDE MONEY IN THEMINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENTCENTERS.THEY ARE THERE IN OUR COMMUNITY.WHY?BECAUSE WE HAVE TO GET THEMESSAGE OUT TO SMALL BUSINESSESABOUT THESE NEW TOOLS, HOW WECAN ACCESS BANKS TO GET THE 7-ALOANS THAT ARE FORGIVEN THAT AREACTUALLY GRANTS.HOW THEY CAN APPLY TO THE SMALLBUSINESS ADMINISTRATION FORDISASTER RELIEF LOANS AND GET ACASH ADVANCEMENT.HOW THEY CAN GET RELIEF FROM THECURRENT 7-A AND 504 LOANS.SO WE GIVE MONEY TO THESEINSTITUTIONS SO THAT THESEENTREPRENEUR SERVICE GROUPS SOTHEY CAN HELP WOMEN BUSINESSESAND MINORITY BUSINESSES GETACCESS.I MUST TELL YOU,MADAM PRESIDENT, WE HAVE ALSOPUT A CLEAR INTENT THAT WEEXPECT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TOMAKE LOANS TO ALL SIZED SMALLBUSINESSES IN ALL COMMUNITIES SOTHAT ALL COMMUNITIES CAN BENEFITFROM THIS LEGISLATION.WE HAVE INCREASED THE SIZE OFEXPRESS LOANS UNDER THIS.AND I JUST WANT TO COMPLIMENTTHE WORK OF OTHER WORKINGGROUPS, PARTICULARLY ON THE TAXPROVISIONS.I WAS VERY PLEASED TO WORK WITHSENATOR WYDEN.THE TWO OF US WORKED ON WHAT'SKNOWN AS A RETENTION CREDITWHICH ALLOWS COMPANIES TO BRINGTHE FURLOUGHED WORKERS BACK ANDGET GET A CREDIT UP TO 50% OFTHAT WAGE UP TO $10,000 AS A TAXCREDIT IN ORDER TO BRING BACKTHOSE WORKERS.WELL, FOR SOME SMALL BUSINESSES,THAT MAY BE A BETTER OPTION THANWHAT I HAVE OUTLINED BEFORE INREGARDS TO THE TWO AND A HALFMONTHS OF AID BASED ON PAYROLL.YOU HAVE A CHOICE.YOU CAN DO BETTER UNDERRETENTION CREDIT.IT'S A NEW CREDIT.IF NOT, USE THE OTHER.SMALL BUSINESSES ARE GIVEN MOREFLEXIBILITY.THANK YOU, SENATOR WYDEN, FORHELPING US.I ALSO WANT TO ACKNOWLEDGESENATOR WARNER WHO WAS VERYINSTRUMENTAL IN GETTING THATPROVISION ADOPTED.SO, MADAM PRESIDENT, YOU SEETHERE IS A WHOLE RANGE OF TOOLSIN HERE TO KEEP SMALL BUSINESSESOPERATING, PAYING THEIR WORKERSSO THEY DON'T HAVE TO REINVENTTHEIR EMPLOYERS AFTER THISCRISIS IS OVER.THEY CAN KEEP QUALIFIED PEOPLE.MR. REID, THEY GET THEPAYCHECKS, AND OUR ECONOMY ISREADY TO GET BACK INTO SHAPE.THERE ARE MANY OTHER PROVISIONSIN THIS BILL, INCLUDING THE CASHPAYMENTS UNDER THE I.R.S.,$1,200 PER TAXPAYER THAT WILLHELP IN THIS REGARD.WHEN YOU PUT THIS ALL TOGETHER,THIS IS A ROBUST PACKAGE TOBRING OUR ECONOMY, TO HOLD OURECONOMY SO THAT IT CAN PERFORMAT A LEVEL THAT IT'S READY TOTAKE OFF AGAIN WITHOUT THE DIRECONSEQUENCES OF PEOPLE NOTHAVING INCOME IN ORDER TO PAYTHEIR BILLS.THROUGH THESE SMALL BUSINESSPROVISIONS, SMALL BUSINESSOWNERS CAN KEEP THEIR BUSINESSESINTACT.THROUGH UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE,THOSE THAT ARE LAID OFF ORFURLOUGHED COULD GET THEIRSALARIES.THROUGH THE I.R.S. CHECKS,PEOPLE WILL HAVE SOME CASH.THROUGH SOME OF THESE OTHERPROGRAMS, WE ARE PROVIDINGRELIEF LIKE DELAYING THE TIMEAND PAYING THE EMPLOYER'S SHAREOF THE FICA TAXES.YOU PUT THAT ALL TOGETHER, THEREIS A LOT OF HELP OUT HERE TOKEEP OUR ECONOMY GOING DURINGTHIS CRISIS, WITH PARTICULARFOCUS ON THE WORKERS AND ONSMALL BUSINESS.THE LAST POINT I SHOULD POINTOUT, THE SELF-EMPLOYED, THE GIGECONOMY ARE FULLY COVERED UNDERTHE SMALL BUSINESS PROVISIONS.THEY ARE FULLY COVERED UNDER THEU.I. PROVISIONS.WE ARE TRYING TO MAKE SURE THATWE PRESERVE OUR ECONOMY, THAT WEPRESERVE WORKERS AND THEIRFAMILIES AND THEIR ABILITIES TOPAY THEIR BILLS.I THINK WHEN YOU TAKE A LOOK ATTHIS WHOLE PACKAGE, THECHALLENGE WILL BE TO GET THEINFORMATION OUT TO OUR COMMITS,TO THESE BUSINESSES, TO THESEWORKERS SO THEY KNOW WHAT'S INTHIS PACKAGE SO THAT THEY CANACT NOW, BECAUSE, QUITE FRANKLY,PEOPLE ARE DESPERATE, COMPANIESARE DESPERATE.WHEN MALLS ARE CLOSED AS THEYARE IN MARYLAND AND YOU AREOPERATING A SMALL BUSINESS INTHAT MALL, HAVE NO BUSINESS ATALL, YOU DON'T KNOW HOW YOU AREGOING TO MAKE YOUR NEXT PAYROLL.YOU HAVE TO MAKE DECISIONSTODAY.THAT'S WHY IT'S IMPORTANT WEVOTE ON THIS BILL TODAY, GET ITTO THE PRESIDENT AS SOON ASPOSSIBLE, GET THE INFORMATIONOUT TO THE SMALL BUSINESSES ANDTO THE WORKERS AND TO ALLBUSINESSES THAT WE ARE HERE TOHELP KEEP THEM OPEN, TO KEEP THEPAYCHECKS FLOWING, TO KEEP OURECONOMY MOVING, THAT WE'RE INTHIS TOGETHER, WE'RE GOING TOGET THROUGH THIS PERIOD OF TIME,OUR ECONOMY IS GOING TO COMEBACK, BUT WE WANT YOU TO KNOW TOTAKE ADVANTAGE OF THESE TOOLS SOTHAT WE CAN MINIMIZE THE ADVERSEIMPACT OF THE CORONAVIRUS.AND WITH THAT, MADAM PRESIDENT,I WOULD YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. LANKFORD: MADAM PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM OKLAHOMA ISRECOGNIZED.MR. LANKFORD: THIS MORNING,TECHNICAL SERGEANT MARSHALLROBERTS OF OKLAHOMA CAME HOME.IT WAS A DIGNIFIED TRANSFER INTULSA, OKLAHOMA, EARLIER THISMORNING.THERE WERE A LOT OF PEOPLE THATWANTED TO BE THERE, BUT BECAUSEOF COVID-19 COULD NOT.BUT A LOT OF OTHER FOLKS WERE.TECH SERGEANT MARSHALL ROBERTSWAS KILLED IN IRAQ WEDNESDAY,MARCH 11, WHEN HIS UNIT WASENGAGED BY INDIRECT ENEMY FIREWHILE THEY WERE SLEEPING.HE WAS 17 MILES NORTH OFBAGHDAD.HE WAS DEPLOYED WITH THE 219thENGINEERING INSTALLATIONSQUADRON, A SUBORDINATE UNIT OFTHE 138th OUT OF TULSA,OKLAHOMA.HE WAS IN THE PROCESS OFBUILDING COMMUNICATIONSINFRASTRUCTURE AS PART OF THEFIGHT AGAINST ISIS.THE OPERATION THAT ROBERT SERVE,OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE, HASBEEN A VITAL PART OF PROTECTINGOUR NATION AND BRINGINGSTABILITY TO THE REGION.ROBERTS ENLISTED IN THE OKLAHOMAAIR NATIONAL GUARD IN MAY OF2014.HE WAS KILLED IN ACTION AS THEFIRST OKLAHOMA INTERNATIONALGUARDSMAN WHO HAS DIED, BUT THE20th OKLAHOMA NATIONALGUARDSMAN WHO HAS DIED SINCESEPTEMBER 11, 2001.THE PERPETUAL COMMENT THAT IHEARD FROM THE FOLKS THAT ITALKED TO ABOUT TECH SERGEANTROBERTS WAS HE WAS ONE OF THEGOOD GUYS.HE WAS ALWAYS KNOWN FOR HAVING ASMILE ON HIS FACE, WAS SELFLESS.HE SERVED OTHERS ALL THE WAY TOTHE END.THE NIGHT OF THE ATTACK, THEREWAS A TRUCK LAUNCHER THAT FIREDOFF 30 KARTUCHA ROCKETS AT THEIRCAMP AS THEY WERE SLEEPING.18 OF THOSE ROCKETS LANDEDINSIDE THE CAMP FACILITY.AS THE NOISE HAPPENED AROUNDHIM, SERGEANT ROBERTS TOLD HISFELLOW AIRMEN TO GET UP, GETGOING, GET THEIR BODY ARMOR ON,AND AS HE STEPPED AWAY TO GOWARN OTHER PEOPLE TO DO THESAME, A ROCKET CAME.BUT SOME OF THE PEOPLE STANDINGRIGHT THERE THAT HE HAD TOLDTHEM TO GET THEIR BODY ARMOR ON,HE SAVED THEIR LIFE.HE WAS POSTHUMOUSLY PROMOTED --HE WAS POSTHUMOUSLY PROMOTED TOTECHNICAL SERGEANT.HE WAS BORN JANUARY 29, 1992, INTULSA, OKLAHOMA.MARSHALL'S PARENTS, SALARY ANDRAND -- SALLY AND RANDY, RAISEDHIM IN OWOSSO, OKLAHOMA, WHEREHE GRADUATED FROM HIGH SCHOOL.HE HAS A BEAUTIFUL DAUGHTERPEYTON WHO HAS BEEN THE LOVE OFHIS LIFE.NOVEMBER 15, 2018, MARSHALL WASMARRIED TO CHRISSY AND THEY WEREBOTH IN THE 138th.THEIR DEEP LOVE FOR GOD, THEIRDEEP LOVE FOR THEIR COUNTRY ANDTHEIR OBVIOUS LOVE FOR EACHOTHER WAS A SIGNIFICANT PART OFTHE 138th.EVERYONE KNEW THEM, KNEW WHATTHEY WERE LIKE, AND WERE GLAD TOBE CALLED THEIR FRIENDS.HE WAS A BROTHER, HE WAS A SON,HE WAS A FATHER, HE WAS AHUSBAND, AND OUR STATE AND OURNATION GRIEVES HIM TODAY COMINGHOME.ONE STORY ABOUT HE AND CHRISTIE,THOUGH.THEY MET AND STARTED DATINGWHILE THEY WERE BOTH SERVINGWITH THE 138th.SHE HAD BEEN IN THE 138th FOR15 YEARS.THEY DATED FOUR YEARS BEFORETHEY GOT MARRIED IN 2018.THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED JUST LESSTHAN TWO YEARS.THEY WERE BOTH AVID FOOTBALLFANS, BUT THERE WAS A MAJORPROBLEM.CHRISSY IS A KANSAS CHIEFS FANAND MARSHALL IS A -- HE FIXEDTHAT BY PROPOSING AT THESTEELERS-CHIEFS GAME.I HAVE TO TELL YOU, THE FAMILYFOR THE FOLKS THAT STOOD THERETODAY IN TULSA AS HE CAME HOME,THEY FOUND A WAY TO BE ABLE TOLOVE ON EACH OTHER, THEY FOUND AWAY TO BE ABLE TO SERVE EACHOTHER AND THEY ARE STILLSACRIFICING FOR THE COUNTRY.BECAUSE -- BECAUSE THE COVID-19THAT'S HAPPENING RIGHT NOW,THEY'VE CHOSEN NOT TO HAVE APUBLIC MEMORIAL SERVICE AND THEYARE DELAYING THAT TIME UNTILIT'S SAFER FOR ALL OF THE FAMILYAND FOR ALL THE COMMUNITY TO BEABLE TO PARTICIPATE.LITERALLY THEIR FAMILY CONTINUESTHE GRIEF IN THE WAIT, ONE MORESACRIFICE FOR THEIR COUNTRY ANDFOR THEIR COMMUNITY.TODAY ALL OF OKLAHOMA IS USING AHASHTAG TO SHARE MESSAGES WITHTHE FAMILY.HASHTAG GSTG MARSHALL ROBERTS,TO BE ABLE TO SHARE A MESSAGE OFSUPPORT AND LOVE FOR THE FAMILY.OUR NATION IS GRATEFUL AND WEGRIEVE WITH YOU FOR THE LOSSTODAY.THANK YOU TO HIM AND HIS FAMILYFOR WEARING THE CLOTH OF OURCOUNTRY AND FOR DOING EVERYTHINGTHAT OUR NATION ASKED OF HIMUNTIL THE VERY END.OUR NATION LIVES IN FREEDOMBECAUSE OF FOLKS LIKE MARSHALLROBERTS AND WE WILL CONTINUE TOSTAND WITH CHRISSY AND PEYTONAND WITH THEIR FAMILY.WITH THAT, I YIELD.MR. LANKFORD: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM OKLAHOMA.MR. LANKFORD: MR. PRESIDENT,WE'RE IN THE PROCESS OF PASSINGA VERY LARGE ECONOMIC PACKAGE TOHELP STABILIZE OUR ECONOMYTHROUGH THE MIDDLE OF ALL THAT'SHAPPENING WITH COVID-19 GLOBALLYAND IN THE UNITED STATES.THE HEART OF THE PACKAGE WE'REPASSING TODAY IS ALMOSTIDENTICAL TO WHAT WE BROUGHTSUNDAY NIGHT WHICH WAS ABIPARTISAN PROPOSAL WHICHRANKING MEMBERS AND CHAIRMEN OFALL THE RANKING COMMITTEESWORKED TOGETHER TO GET THISDONE.THE KEY ELEMENTS ARE STILLTHERE, IT'S UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE FOR AMERICANS,INCLUDING $600 PLUS TO BE ABLETO GO THROUGH THE PROCESS.THERE IS SUPPORT FOR SMALLBUSINESSES THAT WILL ACTUALLYPAY THE PAYROLL.WE DON'T WANT INDIVIDUALS TO ENDUP ON UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE.IT'S BETTER IF THEY STAYCONNECTED TO THEIR SAME COMPANY.THERE'S A UNIQUE NEW PROPOSALTHAT WILL SAY A SMALL BUSINESSCAN GO TO ANY BANK RAPIDLY TO BEABLE TO GET A LOAN THERE WHICHWILL CONVERT INTO A GRANT IFTHEY MAINTAIN THEIR CURRENTEMPLOYEE NUMBERS.THAT KEEPS PEOPLE CONNECTED TOTHEIR BUSINESS AND KEEPS PEOPLEASSURED OF A JOB AT THE END OFALL OF THIS WHEN IT ALL FINISHESIT OUT.IT IS A GRANT PROGRAM FOR LARGERBUSINESSES THAT'S DESIGNED TOSAY IF YOU'RE A VERY LARGECOMPANY, YOU'RE NOT GOING TO GETA GRANT, YOU'RE GOING TO GET ALOAN THROUGH THIS PROCESS.AT THAT MOMENT YOU WILL GET ALOAN AND IF YOU DON'T HAVECAPITAL OR ACCESS TO IT RIGHTNOW BECAUSE OF WHAT IS GOING ON,YOU COULD GET THAT.THIS ALSO HAS A FEATURE BUILT INWHERE INDIVIDUALS WILL RECEIVE ACHECK FOR $100 TO GIVE SUPPORTTO PEOPLE ALL ACROSS THECOUNTRY.ALL THOSE FEATURES WERE IN THEBILL.THERE HAVE BEEN TWEAKS, SOME ORDEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES WANTEDCHANGES, MANY OF THOSE CHANGESHAVE BEEN HEARD AND ADDED ANDSOME WE SAID, ABSOLUTELY NOT,IT'S NOT CONNECTED TO COVID-19AT ALL.THERE ARE SOME THINGS OURDEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES WANTED TOMAKE SURE THEY GOT IN ANDTHROUGH ALL OF THE NEGOTIATIONSSOME OF THESE THINGS WERECHANGED.FOR INSTANCE, THEY REALLY WANTEDTO MEDICARE SURE THAT ENERGYCOMPANIES COULDN'T GET ANYSUPPORT SO THEY FOUGHT HARD TOMAKE SURE THERE IS NO ADDITIONALMONEY FOR THE PRESIDENT BUYINGADDITIONAL OIL TO PUT IN THESTRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE ATTHE LOWEST PRICE NOW SO IT WILLACTUALLY COST US MORE MONEY INTHE FUTURE, BUT IT WAS THEIRINTENTION TO SAY WE DON'T WANTOIL COMPANIES TO GET ANY KIND OFSUPPORT IN THIS DOWNTURN THETHEY WANTED TO MAKE SURE THEREWAGS GREAT TRANSPARENCY THEY SOBUILT AN INSPECTOR GENERAL AND ABUNCH OF DIFFERENT PEOPLE TOWATCH THE TREASURY THROUGH THEPROCESS.THEY PUT IN A NEAT FEATURE THATTHEY DEMANDED AND THAT WAS NOSON OR DAUGHTER OR FAMILY MEMBEROR ANY INDIVIDUAL THAT WORKSWITH THE PRESIDENCY OR VICEPRESIDENCY OR THE CONGRESS COULDGET ANY OF THE GRANT -- NOT THEGRANT PROGRAMS, BUT THE LOANPROGRAMS.NO SON-IN-LAW COULD GET THAT.I WONDER WHO THAT COULD BETARGETED TOWARDS.A PARTICULAR SON-IN-LAW THATMIGHT BE THERE.LITERALLY A LOT OF THIS FIGHTTHAT WE'VE HAD OVER THE LASTTHREE DAYS IS BECAUSE THEY WEREDEMANDING THAT THERE WAS NO WAYTHAT THE PRESIDENT OR ANY OF HISFAMILY COULD GET ANY KIND OFLOAN OR BENEFIT FROM THIS LOANAT ALL.SO WE SPENT THREE DAYS -- THREEDAYS OF DELAY BECAUSE THEY HADSOME ADDITIONAL DEMANDS FOR SOMETHINGS THEY WANTED TO DO,SIGNIFICANTLY TARGETED A LOT OFTHE PRESIDENT AND HIS FAMILY.I UNDERSTAND THEY DON'T LIKE THEPRESIDENT.I GET THAT.WE WANT TO DO EVERYTHING WE CANTO BE ABLE TO PROTECT THEWORKERS, THAT'S WHY WE PUT INTHE WORK AND THE BIPARTISAN WORKTO GET IT DONE.IT'S DONE NOW.LET'S GET IT GOING.OUR ENCOURAGEMENT IS TO HAVE THEHOUSE FINISH IT UP AS QUICKLY ASPOSSIBLE AND BE ABLE TO GET THESUPPORT TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.WHAT'S BEEN INTERESTING, THOUGH,IS IN THE SPEECHES THAT I HEARDON THE FLOOR TODAY FROM MYCOLLEAGUES AND FROM MANYINDIVIDUALS IN RELEASES THATI'VE SEEN IS FOLKS HAVEMENTIONED THEIR PRAYER, THEYHAVE MENTIONED WITH GOD'S HELPWE'RE GOING TO GET THROUGH THIS,THEY HAVE MENTIONED THE STRUGGLETHAT WE'RE GOING THROUGH AS ANATION AND HOW WE'RE PRAYING FOREACH OTHER AND IT KEEPSREMINDING ME OF SOMETHING.IT'S A VERY OLD SOLEMN,SOLEMN21.WHEN THE JEWS WOULD COME INTOJERUSALEM, THEY WOULD SING SONGSOF ASCENT AS THEY CAME OFF THEEASTERN HILLS AND START RISINGUP TOWARDS JERSEY LUM.THE CONGRESS THEY WOULD SING ISPERTINENT, IT READS, I LIFT UPMY EYES TO THE MOUNTAINS.WHERE DOES MY HELP COME FROM?I REMEMBER THE MOUNTAINS HERE ISTHE CAPITAL CITY JERUSALEM, ITIS THE SEED OF GOVERNMENT OFWORSHIP FOR THEM.THEY WOULD SING, I LIFT UP MYEYES TO THE MOUNTAINS.WHERE DOES MY HELP COME FROM?MY HELP COMES FROM THE LORD, THEMAKER OF HEAVEN AND EARTH.HE WILL NOT LET YOUR FOOT SLIP.HE WHO WATCHES OVER ISRAEL WILLNEITHER SLUMBER OR SLEEP.THE LORD WATCHES OVER YOU.THE SUN WILL NOT HARM YOU BY DAYNOR THE MOON BY NIGHT.THE LORD WILL KEEP YOU FROMHARM.HE WILL WATCH OVER YOU.THE LORD WILL WATCH OVER YOURCOMING AND GOING BOTH NOW ANDFOREVER MORE.IT'S INTERESTING TO ME THAT THEPEOPLE WOULD COME IN, MARCHINGINTO JERUSALEM, THE SEED OFGOVERNMENT SINGING, I LIFT UP MYEYES TO THE MOUNTAIN.WHERE DOES MY HELP COME FROM?MY HELP COMES FROM THE LORD.OF ALL OF THE THINGS GOING ON INWASHINGTON, D.C., RIGHT NOW, YOUWILL HEAR PEOPLE REPEATING OVERAND OVER AGAIN, OUR HOPE IS NOTIN GOVERNMENT, OUR HOPE IS NOTIN HOW MUCH MONEY WE CAN SPEND.WE UNDERSTAND FULL WELL WHEN WELIFT UP OUR EYES TO THEMOUNTAIN, TO THIS BILL HILL, WEKNOW WHERE OUR HELP COMES FROM.OUR HELP COMES FROM THE LORD ANDWE'RE GRATEFUL HE NEITHERSLUMBERS NOR SLEEPS.WITH THAT I YIELD THE FLOOR.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM ARKANSAS.MR. COTTON: THE DEADLYCORONAVIRUS THAT EMERGED FROMCHINA LATE LAST YEAR SPREADACROSS THE GLOBE.THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTYDECEIVED THE WORLD AND EVENTHEIR OWN PEOPLE AND UNLEASHEDTHE WORST PANDEMIC IN A CENTURYUPON US ALL.NOW IT FALLS ON US TO DEFEAT IT.HERE AT HOME A STRANGE ANDUNSETTLING HUSH HAS FALLEN OVERTHE COUNTRY AS BUSINESSES CLOSEAND MILLIONS OF AMERICANS BRACEFOR WHAT'S TO COME.IN NEW YORK, SEATTLE, NEWORLEANS, AND ELSEWHEREPREPARATION FOR THE VIRUS HASENDED.THE VIRUS HAS ARRIVED IN FORCE.THE URGENT BATTLE TO SUPPRESS ITHAS BEGUN.IN EMERGENCY ROOMS AND I.C.U.'SCOURAGEOUS DOCTORS AND NURSESARE LOCKED IN A BATTLE TO SAVETHE LIVES OF THEIR PATIENTS.PROTECTIVE GEAR IS IN SHORTSUPPLY, BUT THEIR REGARD FORSAFETY AND EVEN FAMILY COMESSECOND TO THEIR DUTY.THE DAYS AHEAD WILL BE ACLOSE-RUN THING IN THOSE CITIESAS THEY STRUGGLE TO KEEP THEIRHOSPITALS OPEN AND FUNCTIONING.BUT MAKE NO MISTAKE, THE CHINAVIRUS WILL SPARE NONE OF US.THE -- FROM THE HIGH RISES OFTHE BIG CITIES TO THE HILLS OFTHE OZARKS.SOON THE SENATE WILL FINALLYPASS DESPERATELY NEEDEDEMERGENCY LEGISLATION FOR OURNATION, INCLUDING A MASSIVEINFUSION OF FUNDS TO OUR HEALTHCARE SYSTEM.BUT THIS LEGISLATION ISN'T ABOUTSTIMULUS.IT'S ABOUT SURVIVAL.WITH THIS LEGISLATION BEHIND US,AMERICANS ARE BEGINNING TO ASK,WHAT'S NEXT?YES, THE VIRUS IS TESTING USALREADY AND IT HAS ALREADYTOUCHED MOST OF US BY CLOSINGOUR CHURCHES, SHUTTERING OURBUSINESSES AND THREATENING THEJOBS AND RETIREMENT SAVINGS OFMILLIONS OF AMERICANS AND, OFCOURSE, THREATENING OUR LIVES.IT'S ONLY NATURAL THAT SO MANYARE WONDERING ANXIOUSLY WHEN ANDHOW THIS UNPRECEDENTED CRISISWILL END AND WHEN IT ENDS WILLTHEIR JOBS STILL BE THERE?HOW WILL THEY PUT FOOD ON THETABLE?HOW WILL THEY PAY THE BILLS?AMERICANS WANT TO KNOW THE PLANSO THEY CAN DO THEIR PART.MORE FUNDAMENTALLY THEY WANT TOKNOW THAT THERE IS A PLAN.COMBINED WITH WORRY ABOUT THEFUTURE NATURALLY BREEDSFRUSTRATION.WE ARE CITIZENS, AFTER ALL, NOTMERELY PASSIVE CARRIERS OF ADEADLY PATHOGEN.THIS FRUSTRATION HAS GIVEN RISETO A NEW AND GROWING ARGUMENTTHAT AMERICANS CAN'T WAIT ANYLONGER THAT WE OUGHT TO OPENBACK UP AND TAKE OUR CHANCESWITH THIS VIRUS.AFTER ALL, WE CAN'T STAY INSIDEFOR EVERY. -- FOREVER.WE CAN'T, AS THE SAYING GOES,LET THE CURE BE WORSE THAN THEDISEASE.THE EMERGENCY TO STAVE OFFECONOMIC COLLAPSE IS, OF COURSE,UNDERSTANDABLE.AND IT'S TEMPTING TO THINK THATWE FACE A SIMPLE CHOICE BETWEENSHUTTING DOWN TO FIGHT THE VIRUSAND OPENING UP TO SAVE THEECONOMY.BUT A CHOICE IS NOT SO SIMPLE.SOME THOUGHTFUL OBSERVERS NOTETHAT THE SEASONAL FLU, ANAUTOMOBILE -- AND AUTOMOBILEACCIDENTS KILL MORE AMERICANSANNUALLY THAN HAS THIS VIRUS.THAT'S TRUE AS FAR AS IT GOES.BUT WE'RE JUST AT THE BEGINNINGOF THIS PANDEMIC.AND I HAVE TO ADD THE JAVITSCENTER IN NEW YORK CITY HASNEVER BEEN CONVERTED INTO AFIELD HOSPITAL FOR THE FLU ANDCAR WRECKS.GRANTING THAT, SOME SAY, PERHAPSWE CAN REOPEN IN A FEW DAYSSINCE OUR ELDERLY ARE MOST ATRISK FROM THIS VIRUS.QUARANTINE THEM.KEEP THEM SAFE, THE ARGUMENTGOES WHILE THE REST OF US GETBACK TO WORK.BUT THERE ARE 72 MILLIONAMERICANS OVER THE AGE OF 60 INTHIS COUNTRY.MANY OF THEM RAISE CHILDREN,LIVE ALONE, OR WORK OUTSIDE THEHOME.THEY CAN'T WALL THEMSELVES OFFFROM THE WORLD, NOR SHOULD WEWALL THEM IN.MOREOVER, TENS OF MILLIONS OFYOUNGER AMERICANS HAVEPREEXISTING CONDITIONS THAT PUTTHEM AT ELEVATED RISK FROM THISVIRUS.ARE WE TO QUARANTINE ALL OFTHEM, TOO?BECAUSE EVEN YOUNGER ANDHEALTHIER AMERICANS ARE NOT SAFEFROM THIS PANDEMIC.THE CHINA VIRUS ATTACKS THELUNGS OF THE YOUNG AND THE OLDALIKE.OF THE CASES WE KNOW ABOUT, THEVIRUS APPEARS TO SEND ABOUT ONEIN SEVEN YOUNGER PEOPLE TO THEHOSPITAL.IT'S TRUE THAT SURVIVAL RATESFOR YOUNGER PATIENTS ARE BETTER,BUT EVEN THEIR RECOVERY DEPENDSON A FUNCTIONING HEALTH CARESYSTEM.IF WE GIVE UP ON OUR EFFORTS TOCONTROL THIS VIRUS NOW, OURMEDICAL SYSTEM WILL BEOVERWHELMED.HOSPITALS WILL COLLAPSE.CARE WILL BE RATIONED.DOCTORS WILL FACE THE TERRIBLECHOICE OF WHOM TO SAVE AND WHOMTO LET PERISH.AND NOT JUST FOR PATIENTS OFTHIS VIRUS, FOR EVERY AMERICANWHO NEEDS INTENSIVE CARE,WHETHER FROM HEART ATTACK ORSTROKE OR CAR WRECK OR ANYTHINGELSE.BESIDES IF LEFT UNCHECKED, THISDEADLY VIRUS WILL CONTINUE TOWRECK OUR ECONOMY AS SURELY ASIT HAS ALREADY.IT WASN'T PRESIDENT TRUMP WHOSHUT DOWN BUSINESSES, AFTER ALL.AND IT REALLY WASN'T EVENGOVERNORS AND MAYORS, THOUGHTHEY ISSUED THE ORDERS.GOVERNMENT-ENFORCED CLOSURESWERE LARGELY A REAR GUARD ACTIONBY COMMUNITIES WHO ADD ALREADYGROUND TO A HALT DUE TO THEVIRUS OR THAT SOON WOULD HAVECOME TO A WRENCHING STOP IN THETEETH OF THE PANDEMIC.WHO AMONG US WOULD TAKE OUR KIDSTO A RESTAURANT TOMORROW IF WEOPENED BACK UP?OUR ECONOMY ISN'T SEIZED UPBECAUSE OF GOVERNMENT DICTATESBUT RATHER BECAUSE OUR PEOPLEARE UNDERSTANDABLY FEARFUL OF ADANGEROUS VIRUS.SO AN IMMEDIATE REOPENINGWITHOUT THE RESOURCES IN PLACETO FIGHT THE VIRUS ISN'T ANOPTION.OUR HOSPITALS WOULD BEOVERWHELMED.OUR BRAVE DOCTORS AND NURSESWOULD SUCCUMB TO THE ILLNESS.OUR BUSINESSES WOULD KEEP THEIRDOORS CLOSED OR WOULD QUICKLYCLOSE THEIR DOORS AGAIN ASWORKERS AND CUSTOMERS STAYEDAWAY.THE SUPPOSED CHOICE BETWEENSAVING THE ECONOMY AND FIGHTINGTHE VIRUS TURNS OUT NOT TO BEMUCH OF A CHOICE AT ALL.WE CAN'T YET STOP THE STRONGMEASURES THAT ARE IN PLACEBECAUSE WE HAVE NO BETTER OPTIONIN THE SHORT RUN.BUT NEITHER CAN WE CONTINUE THEMFOREVER.THE AMERICAN PEOPLE CAN ONLYHOLD OUT FOR SO LONG.SO WE MUST COME UP WITH A BETTERPLAN AND FAST.THAT PLAN STARTS WITH THIS BIGPAUSE AS WE PROTECT OURSELVESAND EACH OTHER.WE SIMPLY DON'T HAVE THERESOURCES TODAY TO FIGHT ANYOTHER WAY, BUT IT WILL END WITHTHIS APPROACH.WE MUST USE THE PRECIOUS DAYSAND WEEKS AHEAD TO LAY THEGROUNDWORK FOR A NEW STRATEGY TOFIGHT THE VIRUS, A STRATEGY THATWILL ALLOW ALL OF US TOGRADUALLY GET BACK TO WORK.FOR THAT TO HAPPEN WE'LL NEED TOSCALE UP OUR ABILITY TO RAPIDLYTEST FOR THE VIRUS AS THEY HAVEIN SOUTH KOREA.SO WE HAVE A SENSE OF WHERE THEVIRUS IS AND WHERE WE MUST KEEPIT CONTAINED.ALREADY AMERICA'S PUBLICLABORATORIES AND COMPANIES ARERISING TO THE CHALLENGEPROCESSING TENS OF THOUSANDS OFTESTS.BUT OUR ABILITY TO TEST MUSTGROW EVEN FASTER AND IT IS.WE'LL NEED MASKS, TOO, MILLIONSOF THEM.AND WE'LL NEED LOCAL PERSONNELTRAINED AND PREPARED TO DOWIDESPREAD CONTACT TRACING FORTHOSE WHO TEST POSITIVE.WE'LL HAVE TO DEVELOP PROCEDURESFOR STRICT QUARANTINES OF THOSEWHO TEST POSSIBLE OR THOSE WHOHAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO THE VIRUSWITH ZERO TOLERANCE FOR BREAKINGQUARANTINE AND ENDANGERING OURFELLOW CITIZENS.ONCE THESE ELEMENTS ARE IN PLACEAND THE FIRST WAVE OF THIS VIRUSIS PASSED, THEN WE'LL BEPREPARED TO REOPEN OUR CITIESAND COMMUNITIES WHILE REMAININGVIGILANT BUT NEW OUTBREAKS.THESE PREPARATIONS WILL ENSUREWE'RE READY TO SUSTAIN OUR WAYOF LIFE UNTIL OUR SCIENTISTS CANCREATE WHAT WE SO DAS SEPARATELYNEED -- WE SO DESPERATELY NEED,THERAPEUTIC DRUGS AND ULTIMATELYA VACCINE.A VACCINE MAY TAKE A YEAR ORMORE BEFORE IT'S AVAILABLE, BUTTHESE OTHER INTERMEDIATEPRECAUTIONS MUST GO INTO EFFECTMUCH, MUCH FASTER.AMERICA MUST INDEED REOPEN.WHEN WE DO, THESE DECISIONS MUSTBE BASED ON LOCAL CONDITIONS,NOT AN ARBITRARY NATIONWIDETIMELINE.OUR GOVERNORS AND MAYORSUNDERSTAND THEIR LOCALCONDITIONS.THEY CAN MAKE GRADUAL ROLLING,CALIBRATED DECISIONS IN A WAYTHAT IS RESPONSIBLE WHEN THETOOLS TO EFFECTIVELY FIGHT THISVIRUS ARE READY AND AVAILABLE.WHAT I'VE OUTLINED MAY SEEM LIKEA DAUNTING, EVEN AN IMPOSSIBLECHALLENGE, BUT OUR NATION HASOVERCOME FAR GREATER CHALLENGESBEFORE.ALREADY AMERICA IS RISING TOTAKE ON THE CHINA VIRUS.THE GIANT OF AMERICAN INDUSTRYIS WAKENING, RETOOLING OURFACTORIES TO JOIN THIS FIGHTJUST AS WE DID DURING WORLD WARII.NEVER BET AGAINST AMERICA'SWORKERS AND AMERICAN INGENUITY.AND ALL ACROSS THIS COUNTRYAMERICANS ARE SPRINGING INTOACTION.WE KNOW THE VITAL ROLE OURDOCTORS AND NURSES WILL PLAY INTHE COMING MONTHS ALONGSIDE OURFIRST RESPONDERS, OUR FACTORYWORKERS AND FARMERS, OUR GROCERSAND ON DOWN THE LIST.ASK YOURSELF NOW HOW CAN YOUHELP.CAN YOU KEEP YOUR DISTANCE FROMTHOSE MOST AT RISK REALIZINGTHAT THE CHINA VIRUS PREYS ONOUR MOST EARNEST DESIRES, FORSOCIETY AND COMPANIONSHIP.CAN YOU OFFER A CHARITY FOR AFRIEND IN NEED?CAN YOU PICK UP GROCERIES FORYOUR ELDERLY NEIGHBOR?CAN YOU KEEP YOUR WORKERS ONPAYROLL AN BENEFITS JUST ALITTLE LONGER UNTIL OURLEGISLATION KICKS IN?CAN YOU POSTPONE YOUR TENANT'SRENT FOR A MONTH?CAN YOU PRAY FOR DELIVERANCE OFOUR NATION AND THE WORLD?THESE ARE JUST A FEW OF THETHINGS WE MUST DO AS A COUNTRYTO MAKE REOPENING POSSIBLE ANDLIFE BEARABLE IN THE MONTHSAHEAD.WE'RE ALL IN THIS TOGETHER SOWE'LL NEED TO HAVE EACH OTHER'SBEST INTERESTS AT HEART.MANY YEARS OF COMFORT AND EASEHAVE PERHAPS CONDITIONED US TOASK ONLY WHAT WE'RE FREE TO DO,NOT WHAT WE'RE CALLED TO DO.THE OLD DISOPINIONS OF PERIL ANDPRIVATION THREATEN TO RETURN.WE'LL NEED OLD NOTIONS OF DUTYTO MAINTAIN ORDER IN THE FACE OFTHEM.THE DARKEST DAYS OF THIS CRISISARE IN ALL LIKELIHOOD STILLAHEAD OF US.LET US FACE UP TO THEM BRAVELY.LET US ACKNOWLEDGE THE TROUBLESAHEAD AND LET US DEVOTE OURWHOLE ENERGY TO WINNING THISBATTLE QUICKLY SO THAT THENORMAL LIFE OF OUR NATION CANRESUME.MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THEFLOOR.A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM TEXAS.MR. CORNYN: MR. PRESIDENT,DURING TIMES OF DISASTER, CRISISOR HARDSHIP, I AM -- I NEVERFAILED TO BE INSPIERPED BY THE-- INSPIRED BY THE GENEROSITY OFAMERICANS, INCLUDING FOLKS IN MYHOME STATE OF TEXAS.I THINK ABOUT HOW WE CAMETOGETHER IN THE WAKE OFHURRICANE HARVEY, TO LEAD SEARCHAND RESCUE OPERATIONS, CLEARDEBRIS, AND REBUILD COMMUNITIESAND LIVES.WE SAW STRANGERS FORMING HUMANCHAINS TO RESCUE A DRIVERTRAPPED IN A CAR.RESTAURANTS OFFERING FREE MEALSTO FIRST RESPONDERS.AND A HOUSTON LEGEND KNOWNAAFFECTIONATELY AS MATTRESS MACKOPENING HIS FURNITURE STORES FORTHOSE WHO NEEDED SHELTER.ONE VOLUNTEER SAID I'VE MET MOREOF MY NEIGHBORS IN THE LAST 24HOURS THAN I HAVE IN THE LAST 20YEARS.WELL, THESE HEART WARMINGSTORIES OF TEXANS LENDING A HANDTO ONE ANOTHER ARE A SOURCE OFCOMFORT, EVEN DURING THETOUGHEST TIMES.RIGHT NOW WHEN EXTENDING APHYSICAL HAND IS ONE OF THEWORST THINGS YOU CAN DO BECAUSEIT VIOLATES SOCIAL DISTANCINGRULES, THERE'S TIL PLENTY OFNEIGHBORS -- THERE'S STILLPLENTY OF NEIGHBORS HELPINGTHEIR NEIGHBORS.FOLKS IN TEXAS LIKE AROUND THECOUNTRY ARE STAYING HOME TO KEEPTHEMSELVES AND THEIR NEIGHBORSSAFE, AND WE'RE SEEING NEW ANDCREATIVE MEANS OF SUPPORTING ONEANOTHER.FOR EXAMPLE, A NUMBER OFTILRIESACROSS -- OF DISTILLERIES ACROSSTHE STATE HAVE SWITCHED FROMMAKING VODKA OR WHISKEY TO HANDSANITIZER.WITH DEMANDS SURGING AND HANDSANITIZER IN SHORT SUPPLY, MOREAND MORE HOSPITALS ARESTRUGGLING TO KEEP IT IN STOCKAND THESE DISTILLERIES ARESTEPPING UP TO FILL THE VOID.JONATHAN LOCKRIDGE IS THEHEADTILRY AND COFOUNDER OF THEEN ROUTE REPUBLICTILRY IN DENSON, TEXAS AND THEY SAID THEYGOT A CALL ASKING IF THEY COULDHELP.OF COURSE HE SAID YES.BUT BUSINESSES LIKE THIS AREN'TALONE.H.E.B., A GROCERY CHAIN, HASTAKEN STEPS TO MAKE SHOPPINGEASIER FOR SENIORS WHO ARE ATMOST RISK IF THEY CONTRACT THECORONAVIRUS.H.B.P. PARTNERED TO TAKE GROCERYDELIVERY, A SERVICE MANYAMERICANS ALREADY UTILIZE ANDMAKE IT MORE ACCESSIBLE TOSENIORS.THEY COULD PICK UP THE PHONE,PLACE AN ORDER, AND HAVEEVERYTHING THEY NEED DELIVEREDTO THEIR FRONT DOOR WITHIN A FEWHOURS, ALL WITHOUT HAVING TOLEAVE HOME.WE'VE ALSO SEEN OTHERORGANIZATIONS WORKING TO ADAPTTO THESE CHALLENGINGCIRCUMSTANCES.THE BOYS AND GIRLS CLUB OFGREATER HOUSTON PARTNERED WITHTHE HOUSTON FOOD BANK TO OPEN ADRIVE-THRU PANTRY.FAMILIES CAN GET A WHOLE WEEK'SWORTH OF HEALTHY MEALS WITHOUTEVER STEPPING OUT OF THE CAR.OF COURSE, IT'S NOT JUSTBUSINESSES AND ORGANIZATIONS WHOARE HELPING OUT.PEOPLE ARE HELPING OTHER PEOPLE.PEOPLE ARE DONATING BLOOD TOALLEVIATE THE CRITICAL SHORTAGETHAT HOSPITALS ARE FACING.AND ALL OF US SHOULD CONSIDER IFWE CAN DONATING BLOOD.THEY'RE LEAVING NOTE INNEIGHBORS' MAILBOXES OFFERING TORUN ERRANDS AND PICK UPSUPPLIES.ON SOCIAL MEDIA SCHOOL TEACHERSTHAT ARE AT HOME ARE OFFERING TOHELP PARENTS WITH THEIR MATH,SCIENCE, OR OTHER SUBJECTS THATTHEY MAY BE STRUGGLING TO TEACHTHEIR KIDS WHILE THEY'RE AT HOMEAND NOT AT SCHOOL.NEIGHBORS HELPING NEIGHBORS,FRIENDS HELPING STRANGERS,TEXANS HELPING TEXANS.THAT'S ONE THING I LOVE ABOUTTHIS GREAT COUNTRY.OUR COMMUNITIES ALWAYS JUMP INTOACTION TO HELP ANY WAY THEY CAN.THEY DO WHAT IT TAKES TO SURVIVEA CRISIS AND KEEP ONE ANOTHERSAFE AND HEALTHY UNTIL WE EMERGEON THE OTHER SIDE.MR. PRESIDENT, IT'S TIME FOR THESENATE TO DO ITS PART.THERE'S BEEN NO EVENT IN MYLIFETIME THAT HAS HAD THIS BIGAN IMPACT ON THE PHYSICAL ANDECONOMIC HEALTH OF OUR COUNTRY.EVERY DAY WE LEARN ABOUT MORENEW CASES, RISING UNEMPLOYMENT,AND UNPRECEDENTED MARKETVOLATILITY.WE HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO ACTAND TO ACT QUICKLY IN RESPONSETO THIS DUELING CRISIS.ALREADY WE WERE ABLE TO WORK ANDSEND TWO BILLS TO THEPRESIDENT'S DESK FOR SIGNATURE.THE FIRST SENT VITAL SUPPORT TOHEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS ANDFIRST RESPONDERS WHO ARE DOINGEVERYTHING THEY CAN TO TREATPATIENTS AND PREPARE FOR MORECASES.WE ALSO PROVIDED INITIAL FUNDINGFOR DEVELOPMENT OF A VACCINE,CLINICAL TRIALS, AND MOREDIAGNOSTIC TESTS.THE SECOND BILL WE PASSEDFOCUSED MORE ON THE SMALLBUSINESSES AND THE INDIVIDUALWORKERS WHO ARE IMPACTEDECONOMICALLY.IT INCLUDED CHANGES INUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE SO THATTHOSE WHO FIND THEMSELVES OUT OFA JOB CAN PROMPTLY TAKEADVANTAGE OF THESE BENEFITS.AND MADE PAID SICK AND FAMILYLEAVE AVAILABLE FOR WORKERSIMPACTED BY THE VIRUS.THAT'S WHAT WE DID IN THESEFIRST TWO BILLS.WERE THEY PERFECT?WELL, NO.THE SECOND BILL IN PARTICULARFELL SHORT IN A NUMBER OF AREAS.IT WAS LARGELY NEGOTIATED BYSECRETARY OF THE TREASURYMNUCHIN AND SPEAKER PELOSI.BUT WE DECIDED THAT IN THEINTEREST OF THE GREATER GOOD ANDTHE COUNTRY AND THE PEOPLE WHOWERE HURTING DURING THIS CRISIS,THAT WE IN THE SENATE WOULD PASSIT EXPEDITIOUSLY.AS THE SAYING GOES, YOU CAN'TLET THE PERFECT BE THE ENEMY OFTHE GOOD.WE ACTED QUICKLY TO GET BOTHBILLS TO THE PRESIDENT'S DESK,BECAUSE THE CIRCUMSTANCESDEMANDED IT.SADLY, OVER THE LAST FEW DAYS,OUR COLLEAGUES ON THE OTHER SIDEOF THE AISLE HAVE BEEN OBLIVIOUSTO THE SENSE OF URGENCY THATEVERY OTHER AMERICAN SEEMS TOUNDERSTAND.AFTER THE ORIGINAL INTENSEBIPARTISAN NEGOTIATIONS, WE WEREFINALIZING A THIRD RELIEF BILLWHICH INCLUDED BY DEFINITIONIDEAS FROM BOTH REPUBLICANS ANDDEMOCRATS.WE WERE OPTIMISTIC THAT WE WOULDBE ABLE TO TAKE UP AND PASS THEBILL ON SUNDAY, OR AT LEAST GETIT STARTED AND PASS THE BILL ONMONDAY, BUT CLEARLY THAT DIDN'THAPPEN.OUR DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUESBLOCKED US FROM EVEN DEBATINGTHE BILL, NOT ONCE BUT TWICE.THE MINORITY LEADER SAID THEBILL, WHICH HIS MEMBERS HADHELPED WRITE, WASN'T GOODENOUGH.HE SPENT THE NEXT THREE DAYSTRYING TO CHANGE THE BILL TOINCLUDE PROVISIONS THAT HETHOUGHT WERE MORE IMPORTANTPRIORITIES DURING A NATIONALEMERGENCY.THINGS LIKE TAX CREDITS FORSOLAR PANELS AND TIGHTEREMISSIONS STANDARDS FORAIRLINES, PROPOSALS THAT HAVEABSOLUTELY NOTHING TO DO WITHTHIS CRISIS.AFTER A FEW INCREDULOUS DAYS,AMERICA WOKE UP TO THE NEWSTODAY THAT OUR DEMOCRATICCOLLEAGUES ARE FINALLY READY TOSTOP THIS POSTURING AND THISOBSTRUCTION AND TO GET THIS JOBDONE.AFTER BLOCKING THIS BILL TWICEAND HOLDING UP THIS EMERGENCYLIFELINE, HERE'S WHAT THEMINORITY LEADER CLAIMS IS AVICTORY.HE SAYS THE DEMOCRATS EXPANDEDUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE TO HELPLAID OFF WORKERS AND THOSE WHOARE SELF-EMPLOYED, BUT,MR. PRESIDENT, AS WE ALL KNOW,THAT WAS ALREADY PART OF THEBILL THAT HAD BEEN NEGOTIATEDBETWEEN DEMOCRATS ANDREPUBLICANS.THEN THE MINORITY LEADER SAIDAMERICANS WILL GET DIRECT AID,BUT WE HAVE BEEN TALKING ABOUTTHAT FOR WEEKS.THAT WAS PART OF THE BILL THATDEMOCRATS BLOCKED TWICE.AND LET'S GET THIS -- LET'S BECLEAR ABOUT THIS.HERE WE ARE, MEMBERS OF THEUNITED STATES CONGRESS, GETTINGA PAYCHECK, AND THEY HAVE THETEMERITY TO BLOCK TWO TIMESEMERGENCY AID TO PEOPLE WHOAREN'T -- WHO HAVE NO INCOME ATALL THROUGH NO FAULT OF THEIROWN?IT'S OUTRAGEOUS.THEN THE MINORITY LEADER SAID HESECURED UNPRECEDENTED AID FORAMERICA'S HOSPITALS, BUT AS ITTURNS OUT THAT WAS PART OF THEBILL DEMOCRATS BLOCKED TWICE.IT WAS THE SUBJECT OF BIPARTISANNEGOTIATIONS, AND WE THOUGHT ACONSENSUS.WELL, THE BILL THAT DEMOCRATSBLOCKED TWICE WAS A BIPARTISANBILL TO BEGIN WITH.DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS WORKEDTOGETHER AND AGREED TO EACH OFTHESE POINTS BEFORE THE FIRSTVOTES WERE CAST.THE MINORITY LEADER'S MEMBERSHAD SPENT COUNTLESS HOURSNEGOTIATING WITH REPUBLICANS.THAT'S HOW YOU GET THINGS DONE.BUT THEN HE SINGLE-HANDEDLYTRIES TO TAKE CREDIT FOR THEWORK THAT THEY HAVE DONE.FOR DAYS, DEMOCRATS NEEDLESSLYBLOCKED A BILL THAT WOULD HAVEBOLSTERED OUR FIGHT TO DEFEATTHIS VIRUS AND PROTECTED OURECONOMY IN THE PROCESS.I AM ABSOLUTELY ANGRY THAT THEYCHOSE TO WASTE SO MUCH VALUABLETIME WHEN THERE ARE SO MANYDIFFERENT PEOPLE IN NEED, BUT IAM ALSO RELIEVED THAT THEYFINALLY AGREED TO QUIT PLAYINGTHEIR PARTISAN GAMES SO WE CANVOTE ON THIS LEGISLATION TODAY.THIS BILL SENDS DESPERATELYNEEDED FUNDING TO HOSPITALS THATARE STRUGGLING TO MANAGE ANINFLUX OF PATIENTS AND HELPSFIGHT THE SHORTAGE OF MASKS ANDOTHER PERSONAL PROTECTIVEEQUIPMENT, ONE OF THE PRIORITIESMY GOVERNOR HAD MENTIONED TO ME.IT PROVIDES THE DIRECT FINANCIALASSISTANCE THAT WAS ALREADY INTHE TWO BILLS THAT OURDEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUE BLOCKED.A FAMILY OF FOUR WILL RECEIVE UPTO $3,400 UNDER THISLEGISLATION, WHICH WILL GO ALONG WAY TO THROWING THATLIFELINE TO THEM AND COVER THEIRRENT, GROCERIES, ELECTRIC BILLS,AND OTHER EXPENSES UNTIL THEYCAN MAKE OTHER ARRANGEMENTS,LIKE APPLY FOR UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE UNDER OUR BEEFED UPPROVISIONS.THIS LEGISLATION WILL ALSOPROVIDE RELIEF FOR SMALLBUSINESSES THAT ARE STRUGGLINGTO STAY AFLOAT.MANY OF THESE BUSINESSES THATHAD TO SHUT -- HAVE HAD TO SHUTDOWN BECAUSE THEY HAVE BEENORDERED BY THE GOVERNMENT TO DOSO, AND NOW THEY NEED SOME HELPTO MAKE SURE THAT THE JOBS THEYCURRENTLY PROVIDE WILL STILL BEAVAILABLE WHEN WE GET TO THEOTHER SIDE OF THIS CRISIS.AND PARTICULARLY WE NEED TO MAKESURE THAT THE EMPLOYEES THEYDEPEND ON AND WILL DEPEND ON INTHE FUTURE WILL STILL BE THEREWHEN THEY REOPEN THEIR DOORS.BOTH THE PHYSICAL AND ECONOMICHEALTH OF OUR COUNTRY IN CRISIS,THIS BOLD LEGISLATION IS OURBEST PATH FORWARD.I APPRECIATE THE WORK THAT'SBEEN DONE BY SO MANY AROUND THECLOCK FOR THE BETTER PART OF THEPAST WEEK TO GET THIS BILLFINALLY TO THE FLOOR, AND I LOOKFORWARD TO SUPPORTING IT SO THATMY CONSTITUENTS, THE 29 MILLIONPEOPLE THAT CALL TEXAS HOME WILLGET HELP AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.AS WE PREPARE TO PASS THISLEGISLATION AND SEND IT TO THEHOUSE, I URGE THEM TO ACTQUICKLY, BUT YOU MAY RECALL,MR. PRESIDENT, IT WAS SPEAKERPELOSI WHO FLEW BACK INTO TOWNAFTER A WEEK-LONG RECESS,DROPPED AN 1,100-PAGE BILL ANDMADE ALL THESE OUTRAGEOUS NEWDEMANDS.CLEARING OUT THEIR PARTISAN ORIDEOLOGICAL OUTBOX OR WISH LIST.WELL, INCREDIBLY, NOW THAT THEREHAS BEEN AN AGREEMENT HERE INTHE SENATE WITH THEADMINISTRATION, SPEAKER PELOSIHASN'T EVEN CALLED THE HOUSEBACK INTO SESSION.AS A MATTER OF FACT, THEY HADA -- THEY GAVELED IN SESSION ANDOUT OF SESSION TODAY, AND THEYWON'T BE BACK IN SESSION UNTILTOMORROW.SPEAKER PELOSI HAS A HUGECHALLENGE.UNLESS SHE CAN GET UNANIMOUSCONSENT TO PASS A $2 TRILLIONBILL THROUGH THE HOUSE, SHE MAYWELL HAVE TO CALL BACK INTOSESSION THE ENTIRE HOUSE OFREPRESENTATIVES.WITH RESTRICTED FLIGHTS BECAUSEOF THE LACK OF DEMAND AND THECOST CUTTING THAT AIRLINES AREGOING THROUGH WITH THE CONCERNSABOUT PEOPLE SHELTERING INPLACE, MAINTAINING SOCIALDISTANCE AND GOOD HYGIENE TOSTOP THE SPREAD OF THIS VIRUS,SPEAKER PELOSI HAS CREATED ATERRIBLE PROBLEM FOR HERSELF.BUT MORE IMPORTANTLY, SHE HASCREATED EVEN MORE OF A PROBLEMFOR THE REST OF THE COUNTRYBECAUSE WE NEED TO GET THISPASSED OUT OF THE SENATE TODAYAND OUT OF THE HOUSE AND TO THEPRESIDENT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AREDEPENDING ON US TO RESPONDRESPONSIBLY IN A BIPARTISAN WAYDURING AN EMERGENCY LIKE THIS,AND WE CANNOT LET THEM DOWN.MRS. BLACKBURN: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM TENNESSEE.MRS. BLACKBURN: ARE WE IN AQUORUM CALL?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: NO.MRS. BLACKBURN: WE ARE NOT.THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.YOU KNOW, I HAVE TO SAY LASTNIGHT WAS AN UNUSUALLY LATENIGHT HERE IN WASHINGTON AND WEWERE ALL IMPATIENT, OUR STAFFWAS IMPATIENT, AND THE PRESS WASIMPATIENT.AND AS WE TALKED TO PEOPLEACROSS THE STATE, WHAT WEREALIZED WAS THEY'VE LONG BEENRUNNING OUT OF PATIENCE.I TALKED ABOUT IT FOR SOME TIMEON THE FLOOR BUT FOR THE HOURLYWORKER, FACTORY WORKER,SONGWRITER, GIG WORKER, THEY'VEBEEN TELLING ME THEY ARE RUNNINGOUT OF TIME AND THEY HAVE JUSTBEEN REALLY ANXIOUS FOR WHAT WASGOING TO COME ABOUT OUT OF THISCHAMBER.AND I KNOW THAT IN THE DAYS ANDWEEKS AHEAD, AS WE WORK THROUGHGETTING RELIEF TO COMMUNITIESAND INDIVIDUALS AND SMALLBUSINESS OWNERS AND LARGECOMPANIES, THAT THERE'S GOING TOBE A LOT OF BLAME THAT IS GOINGTO BE THROWN AROUND.THERE ARE GOING TO BE SOME THATARE GOING TO BLAME POLITICIANS.THERE ARE OTHERS THAT ARE GOINGTO BLAME THE WAY THE ECONOMY ISSTRUCTURED.THERE ARE OTHERS STILL WHO AREGOING TO BLAME THE HEALTH CARESYSTEM.BUT I WILL TELL YOU I THINK THATTHERE IS A NECESSITY TO HAVE ADISCUSSION ABOUT WHY WE DO HAVETHIS CURRENT CRISIS, AND IT ISBECAUSE OF THE LEADERSHIP OF THECHINESE GOVERNMENT, THE PEOPLE'SREPUBLIC OF CHINA.THAT LEADERSHIP IN BEIJING.AND WE HAVE GONE ROUND AND ROUNDWITH ACTIVISTS AND MEDIA ON THEPOINT AND I SHOULDN'T HAVE TOPOINT OUT THAT WHEN WE SAY THATCHINA IS TO BLAME FOR THE SPREADOF THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS THAT WECALL COVID-19, WE DO NOT MEANTHE CHINESE PEOPLE AS A WHOLE,BUT YET WE HAVE SOME THAT DO NOTWANT TO SAY THIS IS WHERE ITCAME FROM.I THINK WE SHOULD STOP THAT ANDWE SHOULD MOVE FORWARD WITHDECISIONS BASED ON FACT, WITHDECISIONS THAT ARE BASED ONDATA, AND WE NEED TO BEGIN TOCOLLECT THOSE FACTS AND TOCOLLECT THAT DATA AS IT PERTAINSTO THIS DISEASE.THIS IS HOW WE GET TO THEANTIVIRALS, THIS IS HOW WE GETTO HAVING A VACCINE, AND IT'SHOW WE LOOK AT LESSONS LEARNEDSO THAT WE DON'T GO BACK THROUGHTHIS AGAIN, SO THAT WE PLAN TOTACKLE SOME OF THE UNEXPECTEDOCCURRENCES THAT WILL COME OURWAY.AND AS WE TALK ABOUT FACTS, WEDO KNOW THAT COVID-19 ORIGINATEDIN WUHAN, CHINA.FROM THERE IT SPREAD RAPIDLY ANDIT HAS HAD DEVASTATINGCONSEQUENCES.THE ECONOMY IS CRUMBLING.WE'RE WORKING DESPERATELY TOSHORE IT UP.INNOCENT PEOPLE HAVE BEEN IN THEHOSPITAL OR SICK.I TALKED TO ONE TENNESSEAN THISMORNING WHO SAID, I'M HAPPY TOREPORT MY HUSBAND IS COMING BACKAROUND.HE HAS BEEN SUFFERING FOR THELAST MANY DAYS WITH COVID-19.WE'VE GOT WORLD -- THE WORLD'SHEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS, ANDWHAT ARE THEY DOING?THEY ARE WORKING TO THE POINT OFEXHAUSTION.AND WHAT YOU HAVE IS BEIJING'SRECKLESS COMMUNIST DOGMA ANDTHEY ARE TRYING TO BLAMEEVERYBODY ELSE.AND TODAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVEFORWARD WITH THE RESCUE PACKAGE.THIS IS THE PHASE THREE PACKAGE.IT IS THE FOURTH TRANCHE OFMONEY.I'M INCLUDING IN THAT THEPRESIDENT'S EMERGENCYDECLARATION, WHICH PUT ABOUT$50 BILLION TOWARDS FIGHTINGTHIS.AND AS WE DO THIS AND AS WE SAYWHAT IS OUR WAY FORWARD ON -- ONADDRESSING THIS, WHAT WE HAVE DOIS REALIZE THAT OUR RELATIONSHIPWITH CHINA IS GOING TO NEED TOCHANGE AND CHANGE FOR THEBETTER.THERE IS NO DENYING THAT THE WAYTHEY HAVE CONDUCTED THEMSELVESHAS PUT THAT RELATIONSHIP ONDANGEROUS GROUND.AND TODAY I INVITE MY COLLEAGUESTO SUPPORT THE BICAMERAL SENATERESOLUTION 553 AND ACKNOWLEDGETHAT BEIJING INTENTIONALLYSPREAD MISINFORMATION TODOWNPLAY THE SEVERITY OFCOVID-19 AND BASELESSLY DENIEDTHE RISK OF PERSON-TO-PERSONTRANSMISSION OF THE DISEASE.THEY REFUSED TO COOPERATE WITHINTERNATIONAL HEALTHAUTHORITIES, INCLUDING THEC.D.C.DURING THE EARLY DAYS OF THEOUTBREAK, THEY CENSORED DOCTORSAND JOURNALISTS.WE ALL REMEMBER WHAT HAPPENEDWITH THE LATE DR. LI WHEN HETRIED TO GIVE US THE WARNINGS,AND ON TOP OF EVERYTHING ELSE,THEY MALICIOUSLY IGNORED THEHEALTH AND SAFETY OF ETHNICMINORITIES.MR. PRESIDENT, THIS IS THE EASYPART.THE FACTS ARE THERE.ALL WE HAVE TO DO IS ACKNOWLEDGETHE FACTS THAT ARE THERE AND USETHIS AS A BEGINNING BECAUSE THISRESOLUTION IS, AS I SAID, IT'SBICAMERAL, IT IS BIPARTISAN INTHE HOUSE, AND WE HAVE NO REASONNOT TO PUSH IT FORWARD AND SENDTHE MESSAGE THAT WE REALIZE WHATHAPPENED TO CAUSE A GLOBALPANDEMIC.AND AFTER WE ACKNOWLEDGEBEIJING'S GROSS MALFEASANCE,WE'RE GOING TO ADJUST THE WAY WETHINK ABOUT CHINA IN THE CONTEXTOF THE ECONOMY, OF OUR NATIONALDEFENSE, TECHNOLOGY, HUMANRIGHTS, AND PHARMACEUTICALMANUFACTURING.WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT IT, THEFACT THAT BEIJING INTENTIONALLYDOWNPLAYED THE DEADLY NATURE OFCOVID-19 SHOULD COME AS NOSURPRISE.FOR DECADES -- DECADES CHINA HASMADE A BUSINESS -- IT HAS BEENTHEIR BUSINESS TO SEARCH OUT OURVULNERABILITIES, EXPLOIT THOSEVULNERABILITIES AND WHAT DIDTHEY TRY TO DO?THEY TRIED TO USE THAT ASLEVERAGE AGAINST US.SO IT IS TIME FOR US TO SAY NOMORE.NOW, HERE IS ANOTHER COMPONENT.I'VE TALKED ABOUT IN THIS WEEKON THE FLOOR.OUR PHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLY CHAIN.ON FEBRUARY 22, 2020, THIS YEAR■THE F.D.A. ANNOUNCED THESHORTAGE OF A DRUG USED TO TREATVICTIMS OF COVID-19.IMAGINE THAT, THERE WAS A DRUGSHORTAGE.THEY ATTRIBUTED THE SHORTAGE OFGETTING THE ACTIVE INGREDIENT INTHIS PHARMACEUTICAL, THEY ARECALLED AP -- A.P.I.'S.THEY COULDN'T GET IT FROM THESITE IN CHINA WHICH IS THE SITETHAT MANUFACTURED IT BECAUSETHAT SITE HAD BEEN AFFECTED BYCOVID-19.SO HERE WE ARE.WE NEED THIS COMPONENT TO GOINTO A PHARMACEUTICAL.WE DIDN'T GET IT BECAUSE THEFACTORY THAT PRODUCES THIS HASBEEN AFFECTED BY COVID-19.AND IT'S NOT THE FIRST TIME THATTHIS HAS HAPPENED.IN 2016, WE SAW A SHORTAGE OF ANIMPORTANT ANTIBIOTIC WHEN THESOLE SOURCE OF ITS PRODUCTION,THE ONLY PLACE ON THE GLOBE THATPRODUCED THIS ANTIBIOTIC WAS INCHINA AND THAT FACTORY WAS SHUTDOWN, COULDN'T GET IT.OUR VULNERABILITY IS NOT LIMITEDTO ONE DRUG OR EVEN JUST AHANDFUL OF DRUGS.IN 2007 AND 2008, 246 PEOPLEDIED AFTER TAKING A CONTAMINATEDBLOOD THINNER THAT CAME DIRECTLYFROM A FACTORY IN CHINA.THEY DIED, 246 PEOPLE, JUST LIKETHAT.ROUTINE INSPECTIONS DIDN'T CATCHTHE CONTAMINANT AND THE DRUGSFLOWED RIGHT INTO OUR MEDICINECABINETS.2010, REGULATORS ALSO FOUNDSERIOUS PROBLEMS WITH BATCHES OFTHYROID MEDICATION, MUSCLERELAXERS, ANTIBIOTICS, AND THISWEEK I GOT AN E-MAIL FROM ATENNESSEAN.HE SAID I SAW WHAT YOU SAID ONTHE FLOOR, AND I WANT TO LET YOUKNOW I TAKE A HEART MEDICATION,AND IT WAS JUST RECALLED BECAUSEIT CONTAINED A CARCINOGEN AND ITWAS MADE IN CHINA.THINK ABOUT THIS.THESE ARE THE PHARMACEUTICALS WETAKE TO RETURN OURSELVES TOHEALTH AND WELLNESS, TO MANAGECHRONIC CONDITIONS.AND HERE WE HAVE EXAMPLE AFTEREXAMPLE OF THINGS THAT ARECONTAMINATED, ARE NOT WHAT THEYARE INTENDED TO BE.THESE ARE BASIC, COMMONMEDICATIONS N. 2018 THE F.D.A.RECALLED SEVERAL BLOOD PRESSUREMEDICATIONS MADE IN CHINA THATWERE CONTAMINATED WITHCANCER-CAUSING TOXINS.NOW, I WOULD IMAGINE THERE ARE AFEW PEOPLE THAT COME TO WORKEVERY DAY IN THIS BUILDING THATTAKE A BLOOD PRESSUREMEDICATION.WHAT IF YOU HAD BEEN TAKING ONEFOR A PERIOD OF TIME, AND ITCONTAINED THE CANCER-CAUSINGTOXINS?AMERICANS DESERVE BETTER THANTHIS FROM THEIR PHARMACEUTICALSUPPLY CHAIN.IF WE ALLOW THIS TO CONTINUE, WEARE GOING TO DO SO AT OUR OWNPERIL.I ENCOURAGE MY COLLEAGUES TOSUPPORT THE BIPARTISAN SECURINGAMERICA'S MEDICINE CABINET ACT.SENATOR MENENDEZ HAS WORKED ONTHIS LEGISLATION WITH ME, ANDI'M GRATEFUL TO HIM FOR HISSUPPORT.MR. PRESIDENT, YOU ARE WORKINGON LEGISLATION THAT WOULDADDRESS SOME OF THESE ISSUES.BRING THIS PHARMACEUTICALMANUFACTURING BACK INTO THEUNITED STATES OF AMERICA.WE NEED TO END CHINESE CONTROLOVER OUR HEALTH AND WELLNESS INTHIS PHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLYCHAIN.THIS MAY SEEM LIKE SOMETHINGTHAT IS TOO LARGE OR TOO RISKYAN UNDERTAKING BUT WE HAVEALREADY PAID DEARLY FOR OURRELIANCE ON CHINESE DRUGMANUFACTURERS, AND IT'S NOTGOING TO STOP BECAUSE THATVULNERABILITY IS LEVERAGE IN THEHANDS OF MADMEN IN BEIJING WHOSEEK NOTHING BUT POWER AND WILLGO TO ANY LENGTHS TO ACQUIRETHAT POWER.THEY DON'T CARE WHO THEY HURT.IT'S CLEAR WITH THIS GLOBALPANDEMIC.THEY DON'T CARE IF IT ISINNOCENT PEOPLE THAT ARE SICK ORMAYBE EVEN THAT LOSE THEIR LIFEAND THEY DEFY US, THEY DEFY USWHEN WE TRY TO STOP THEM.IT'S TIME THAT WE RISE TO THECHALLENGE AND THAT WE RETURNTHIS SUPPLY CHAIN.IVE YIELD THE FLOOR AND NOTE THEABSENCE OF A QUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THECLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM INDIANA.A SENATOR: ARE WE IN A QUORUMCALL?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: YES.MR. BRAUN: COULD WE LIFT THEQUORUM CALL?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. BRAUN: MR. PRESIDENT, I'VEBEEN HERE A LITTLE OVER A YEAR.I KEEP MENTIONING THAT OFTENBECAUSE WHAT A YEAR IT'S BEEN.IN THAT STRETCH, THERE'S NOTBEEN A PERIOD OF TIME WHERE ITHINK THERE'S BEEN SO MUCHURGENCY FOR US AS A SENATE, FORTHE OTHER CHAMBER TO DO THEIRJOB TO DELIVER FOR THE AMERICANPEOPLE.WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF A CRISISTHAT IN BUILDING A BUSINESS OVER37, 38 YEARS, YOU'VE CONSTANTLYGOT HURDLES TO JUMP.YOU NEVER REALLY KNOW THE CLEAROUTCOME.YOU TRY TO HAVE A GREAT STRATEGYWITH GOOD IMPLEMENTATION, GOODTACTICS THAT WOULD BE YOURSALVATION THROUGH THICK OR THIN.WHEN IT COMES TO THECORONAVIRUS, IT'S NOT LIKE WEHAVEN'T HAD OTHER RECENT ISSUESBUT NOTHING QUITE LIKE THIS TOWHERE IT STARTED IN ANOTHERCOUNTRY.IT'S GONE ACROSS THE WORLD.AND IT NOW LOOKS LIKE THATVECTOR INTO OUR COUNTRY, WE MAYBE DEALING WITH IT ON A BROADERSCALE.I'M A GUY THAT BELIEVES IN FREEENTERPRISE.I DON'T LIKE IT WHEN GOVERNMENTHAS TO STEP IN.BUT I DON'T KNOW WHAT WE WOULDHAVE DONE OTHERWISE IN THISCASE.UNTIL WE TAMP THE DISEASE DOWN,UNTIL WE GET THAT CURVEFLATTENED, NO ONE IS GOING TO BEAT EASE.WE'VE INVESTED THREE, FOUR WEEKSOF ACTUAL GUIDELINES.WE KNEW IT WAS COMING WAY BEFORETHAT.I AM HOPEFUL THAT WE'VE BEENDOING A LOT OF THE RIGHT THINGS,EVEN BEFORE WE WERE REQUIRED TODO THAT.SO WE CAN'T RELENT ON THATCOURSE.ON THE OTHER HAND, NEVER IN MYWILDEST DREAMS WOULD HAVEIMAGINED AN ECONOMY COULD BEAFFECTED LIKE IT HAS.STORES FROM MY HOME -- GETSTORIES FROM MY HOME STATE OFINDIANA ALL THE TIME, NOT ONLYFROM THE PLACES LIKE HOTELS,RESTAURANTS, BARS, AIRLINES, ITHINK OUR SENIOR SENATORACTUALLY EITHER WENT HOME ORCAME OUT HERE, MIGHT HAVE BEENTHE ONLY PERSON ON THE PLANE.THAT'S A GRAPHIC EXAMPLE OF HOWTHIS IS IMPACTING COMMERCE.THE HOTEL OWNER I TALKED TO, 2%OCCUPANCY IN THE WEEK BEFORE.INTO WE'VE COME TOGETHER THISPAST WEEKEND.WE WORKED THROUGH IT.I THINK THAT'S BEEN THE FIRSTTIME I'VE BEEN HERE THAT ON ALEGISLATIVE MATTER WE'VE DONETHAT.DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS AT THEGRASSROOTS LEVEL WORKING TODELIVER WHAT I THINK IS A GOODPACKAGE.IT FOCUSES ON, NUMBER ONE, WHONEEDS IT THE MOST.WORK THEARS HAVE BEEN DISPLACED-- WORKERS THAT HAVE BEENDISPLACED AND SMALL BUSINESSOWNERS.IT ALSO HAS STUFF IN FOR THEBROADER PART OF THE ECONOMY.URGENCY IS THE KEY.WE'RE WORKING THROUGH RIGHT NOWSOME SHORT-TERM CORRECTIONS, ANDI HOPE THAT DOESN'T THWART THEPROCESS.WE SHOULD HAVE HAD THIS ACROSSTHE FINISH LINE SUNDAY EVENINGTO WHERE IT COULD HAVE BEENDELIVERED ON MONDAY MORNING ANDWE WOULD STILL HAVE THE NATIONON HIGH ALERT ABOUT WHAT WE'REGOING TO DO HERE.AND IT CAN ONLY COME FROM HEREIN THIS CASE.I'M GOING TO SEGUE INTO WE NEEDTO GET THAT DONE TODAY AND I'MGOING TO BE FOR IT.EACH STATE, EACH SENATOR, EACHREPRESENTATIVE IS GOING TO HAVETO DELIVER TO THE SMALL BUSINESSOWNERS, THE INDIVIDUALS THATHAVE BEEN DISPLACED BY THIS.AND I'VE GOT A TEAM BACK ININDIANA THAT HAS TAKEN ON JUST ABIG SPECTRUM OF CASE WORK, AND IINVITE YOU WHEN THIS LEGISLATIONGETS ACROSS THE FINISH LINE TOMAKE SURE YOU REACH OUT TO OUROFFICE.MANY OF OUR CASES REGRETTABLYHAVE BEEN ALONG THE LINES OFHELPING FOLKS INTERFACE WITH THEV.A.SADLY, I WISH THERE WERE FEWEROF THEM BUT WE'VE HAD REALLYGOOD LUCK.WE INTERFACED WHEN A CRUISE SHIPHAD HOOSIERS STRANDED AND WEREABLE TO FOLLOW UP ON THE PROCESSTO MAKE SURE THEY CAME BACK.CURRENTLY DEALING WITH CASESWHERE YOU'RE STRANDED OVERSEAS.WHATEVER IT IS, COME TO OURSENATE OFFICE.WE'VE GOT A GREAT TEAM AND THEYHAVE HELPED A LOT OF HOOSIERSOUT ALREADY.I WANT TO END ON A POSITIVENOTE.I THINK THIS HAS GOT THE COUNTRYDOWN BECAUSE EVERYTHING YOU SEEIS IN THE CONTEXT OF NEGATIVITY.I LIKE THE FACT THAT ASPIRATIONALLY MANY ARE ALREADYTALKING ABOUT WHAT WE'RE GOINGTO DO WHEN WE COME OUT OF IT.AND THROUGH PRAYERS AND THROUGHALL THE STUFF AMERICANS,HOOSIERS HAVE DONE, I THINKWE'RE GOING TO SEE THAT CURVESTART TO FLATTEN.I LIKE THE APPROACH WE'VE TAKENTO PUT THE EMPHASIS ON THEDISEASE BECAUSE UNTIL THOSENUMBERS GO DOWN, NO ONE IS GOINGTO BE AT EASE.SO AS WE LOOK TO THE FUTURE,MONDAY WAS THE FIRST THRESHOLD,15 DAYS.WE NEED TO REASSESS, TAKE ALLTHE INFORMATION WE'VE GAINED ANDGATHERED, AND MAKE THE RIGHTDECISIONS GOING FORWARD.I TRUST OUR GOVERNORS AND OURLOCAL GOVERNMENTS ACROSS THECOUNTRY TO DO THE SAME THING.AND WE WILL COME OUT AHEAD.WE ARE GOING TO FLATTEN THECURVE AND MAKE SURE THAT WE'RETAKING CARE OF THE MOSTIMPORTANT THING FIRST.AND I THINK THAT'S GOING TO BEHERE HOPEFULLY SOONER RATHERTHAN LATER.AND THEN WE ALSO NEED TO BEASPIRATIONAL ABOUT WHAT ISREALLY GOING TO GET THIS COUNTRYBACK TO BUSINESS AS USUAL ANDTHAT'S WHEN WE CAN HAVE MAINSTREET GOING BACK TO THE WAY ITWAS A MONTH OR TWO AGO WHEN WECAN RECAPTURE THE BEST ECONOMYTHAT WE PROBABLY EVER HAD INHISTORY.AND I KNOW HOOSIERS WILL DOTHEIR JOB.THEY WILL BE ASPIRATIONAL ANDAMERICANS ACROSS THE COUNTRYWILL DO THE SAME.I YIELD THE FLOOR.I NOTICE THE ABSENCE OF AQUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THECLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM GEORGIA.A SENATOR: I WOULD ASK THAT THEQUORUM CALL BE VITIATED, PLEASE.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. PERDUE: MR. PRESIDENT, WE'REON THE CUSP OF A HISTORIC BILLTODAY, BIPARTISAN BILL THAT WETOOK A DIFFERENT APPROACH THANKSTO OUR REPUBLICAN LEADERSHIPWHERE WE PUT THE LEADERS OF EACHOF THE COMMITTEES, BOTH DEMOCRATAND REPUBLICANS, TO FOCUS ONTHEIR PORTION OF THE NEEDSBEHIND THIS COVID-19 CRISIS.BEFORE I GET INTO MY REMARKSTODAY, THOUGH, I WANT TO REMINDTHE COLLEAGUES HERE TODAY THATWE HAVE SPONSORED A RESOLUTIONRECOGNIZING AND THANKING ALL THEPEOPLE IN AMERICA WHO ARESTEPPING UP AND AS OTHERS HAVESAID, PUT THEIR OWN HEALTH ANDTHEIR FAMILIES' HEALTH AT RISKTO MAKE SURE THAT THEIRNEIGHBORS AND FRIENDS ANDPATIENTS AND BUSINESS PARTNERSARE TAKEN CARE OF.I'M TALKING ABOUT SUPPLY CHAINPEOPLE, HEALTH CARE WORKERS,TRANSPORTATION WORKERS.ALL THE PEOPLE IN THE COUNTRY,AG INDUSTRY, ALL THE PEOPLE INTHE COUNTRY WHO ARE KEEPING THEESSENTIAL NEEDS OF OURPOPULATION GOING.WHILE RESTAURANTS ARE CLOSED,THEY HAVE TAKEOUT SERVICE, EVENHERE IN WASHINGTON, D.C.THAT IS NOT AN EASY THING TO DOFOR THOSE FOLKS.IT'S A -- THEY'RE LOSING MONEYON IT.I WANTED TO MAKE SURE WERECOGNIZE IN THE MIDST OF THISCRISIS HOW AMERICANS ARERESPONDING.AMERICANS ALWAYS RESPOND TOCRISIS IN A BETTER WAY THANANYBODY ELSE IN THE HISTORY OFTHE WORLD, IN MY OPINION.SOMETIMES WE'RE NOT ALWAYS THEQUICKEST TO RECOGNIZE THAT WE'REIN A CRISIS, BUT RIGHT NOW WEARE RESPONDING TO THIS ONE RIGHTHERE BEFORE US.AS A MATTER OF FACT, MR.PRESIDENT, I BELIEVE WE HAVE TWOCRISES TODAY.ONE IS OBVIOUSLY THE MEDICALCRISIS, THE HEALTH CARE CRISISTHAT WE NOW ARE CHARACTERIZINGAT COVID-19 VIRUS.WE NOW HOW IT ONLY NATURED.WE NOW KNOW WHAT OTHER COUNTRIESARE LEARNING THAT WHO ARE AHEADOF US IN THE CYCLE.BUT BECAUSE OF THAT WE HAVE ACONNECTING ECONOMIC CRISIS THATWE'RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH INTHIS PIECE OF LEGISLATION TODAY.I HOPE WE CAN GET THIS DONETONIGHT.I DON'T SEE ANY REASON WHY WECAN'T.WE HAVE A DEAL.THERE ARE SOME QUESTIONS HERE INTHE LAST HOUR, BUT I THINK WE'LLGET THOSE DONE AND HOPEFULLY GETTHIS VOTED ON TONIGHT.AS WE DEAL WITH THESE TWOCRISES, MR. PRESIDENT, IT'S MYSUGGESTION THAT WE LOOK AT THIS-- HOW READDRESS DEALING WITHTHIS CRISIS IN THREE FACES.RIGHT NOW WE'RE IN THE MIDDLE OFTHE FIRST PHASE AND I WOULDCHARACTERIZE IT AS MOBILIZATIONWHERE WE'VE IDENTIFYING THESEVERITY OF THE DISEASE.WE'RE IDENTIFYING WHO IS THEMOST VULNERABLE.WE'RE IDENTIFYING WHAT WE NEEDTO DEAL WITH IT AND MOBILIZINGBEHIND THAT.WE SEE A DRAMATIC INCREASE INTHE NUMBER OF TESTS THANKS TOVICE PRESIDENT PENCE.WE STILL HAVE SHORTAGES OFTESTING KITS AND SWABS ANDREAGENTS AND EVEN TESTINGMACHINES BUT WE HAVE THINGS LIKEIN MY STATE WHERE ONE OF OURMAJOR HOSPITALS, EMORYUNIVERSITY HOSPITAL HAS THEIROWN TESTING.THEY CAN DO IT IN A MATTER OFHOURS VERSUS DAYS AND THEY'REMAKING THAT AVAILABLE TO OTHERHOSPITALS IN THE STATE.THIS IS ALL HANDS ON DECK.AND THEY'LL PROBABLY LOSE MONEYDOING THAT, MR. PRESIDENT.BUT THEY'RE WILLING TO DO THAT.WE HAVE AN APPAREL COMPANY INGEORGIA WHO HAS SHUT DOWN THEIRBUSINESS IN APPAREL.THEY HAVE GOOD ORDERS,PROFITABLE ORDERS.THEY ARE PUTTING THOSE ASIDE TOMAKE MASKS TO TRY TO HELPILLTHE NEED WITH THE SHORTAGES.BUT THE MOBILIZATION PHASE ISWHERE WE ARE TODAY.WE'RE IDENTIFYING IT BASED ONTHE EXPERIENCES OF OTHERCOUNTRIES WHAT WE MIGHT EXPECTHERE.WE HAVE HOT SPOTS IN OURCOUNTRY, JUST LIKE OTHERCOUNTRIES HAVE HAD.WE SAW WHAT HAPPENED IN WUHANAND HUBEI PROVINCE IN CHINA.I HAVE BEEN THERE.IT'S A VERY OLD POPULATION.THEY WERE LATE GETTING TO THEIDENTIFICATION AND TREATMENT ANDISOLATION.WE SEE THE REPERCUSSIONS FROMTHAT.THEY ARE AHEAD OF US IN THECYCLE.HOWEVER THEY DEALT WITH THAT INTHE EARLY DAYS.WE SEE NOW HOW THEY HAVE DEALTWITH THAT CRISIS AND WHAT'SHAPPENING TO THE NUMBERS AND WECAN LEARN FROM THAT.I WILL TALK ABOUT THAT IN ASECOND.THE SECOND PHASE, THOUGH, ISTRANSITION.I'M NOT SURE WE'RE IN IT YET,BUT WE'RE ABOUT TO GO INTO ITPARTLY BECAUSE OF THIS PACKAGE,AND THAT IS TO MAKE SURE THAT WEPROTECT THE PARTS OF THE ECONOMYWHERE WE CAN SO THAT WHEN WE DOSTART TO COME OUT OF THIS, JUSTLIKE EVERY OTHER COUNTRY AHEADOF US IN THE CYCLE HAS DONE ANDIS DOING RIGHT NOW THAT WILLHAVE OUR BUSINESSES IN APOSITION TO RECONNECT WITH THEEMPLOYERS OR EMPLOYEES THAT THEYHAVE WORKED SO HARD TO DEVELOP.AND OF COURSE THE THIRD PHASE ISFULL-ON RECOVERY.THAT IS TO DO THE THINGS THEN TOGET THE ECONOMY BACK ON ITSSTRONG THE FOOING, TO MAKE SURETHAT WE ADDRESS THE SHORTAGES OFWHAT WE FOUND IN OUR CURRENTPREPARATION.FOR EXAMPLE, WE DIDN'T HAVE ASTRATEGIC STOCKPILE OF SOME OFTHESE ESSENTIAL MEDICALESSENTIALS THAT WE NEEDED IN THEIDENTIFICATION, TESTING, ANDTREATMENT OF THIS PARTICULARVIRUS.THAT RECOVERY WILL TAKE SOMETIME, BUT AT THE SAME TIME, THEWAY AMERICA ALWAYS RESPONDS TOTHIS IS THAT I BELIEVE WE CANRESPOND VERY QUICKLY IF WE GETTHE TRANSITION PHASE CORRECT.AND THAT'S WHAT I WANT TO TALKABOUT TODAY.AS WE LOOK AT THE MEDICALCRISIS, THOUGH, WE UNDERSTANDNOW, THROUGH A LOT OF DATAOUTSIDE OF THE U.S. -- AND IWILL CAVEAT THIS THAT EACHCOUNTRY'S EXPERIENCE IS JUST ALITTLE BIT DIFFERENT.I WOULD ALSO COMMENT THAT THEREIS A LOT OF NOISE IN THE DATATHAT I SEE AROUND THE WORLDRIGHT NOW.THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY IS DOING AGREAT JOB OF TRYING TO AGGREGATETHIS DATA TO SEE HOW IT APPLIESTO OUR NEEDS HERE AT HOME.I GIVE OUR DOCTORS AND NURSESAND CAREGIVERS THE HIGHEST THANKYOU I CAN FOR WHAT THEY'RE DOINGHERE AND ALL OVER THE WORLD, FORTHAT MATTER, BUT WHAT THEEXPERIENCE IS IN ITALY MIGHT NOTBE THE SAME AS IT IS HERE.THE EXPERIENCE IN SOUTH KOREAMIGHT NOT BE THE SAME AS IT ISHERE.SO WE HAVE TO LOOK AT THOSE ANDBE VERY CAREFUL THAT WE DON'TTRY TO EXTRAPOLATE EITHER THESEVERITY OR THE LACK OF SEVERITYAS BEING APPLICABLE HERE.THIS PARTICULAR -- WHAT WE DOKNOW, THOUGH, BEFORE I GET TOTHE BILL IS THAT IN THE WORLDHEALTH ORGANIZATION JUST THISWEEK HAS PUBLISHED AN UPDATE TOTHEIR NUMBERS.THEY ARE CHARACTERIZING THISDISEASE THIS WAY.LOOK, EVERY COUNTRY HAS A LITTLEBIT DIFFERENT INFECTION RATE, ALITTLE DIFFERENT MORTALITY RATE.I BELIEVE THE UNITED STATESBECAUSE WE HAVEN'T TESTED ASBROADLY AS SOME OF THE OTHERCOUNTRIES LIKE SOUTH KOREA HAVEDONE, WE DON'T KNOW WHAT THEDENOMINATOR IS.WE DON'T KNOW THE MORTALITY RATEOR THE INFECTION RATE FOR THATMATTER.THIS IS WHAT THE WORLD HEALTHORGANIZATION IS DOING, JUST TOPUT THIS IN PERSPECTIVE, THATABOUT 80% OF THE PEOPLE INFECTEDWITH THIS COVID-19 VIRUS WILLPROBABLY HAVE A MILD -- THAT'STHE WAY THEY CHARACTERIZE IT --A MILD EXPERIENCE WITH THISDISEASE.15% WILL BE SERIOUS ENOUGH TO GOTO A HOSPITAL PARTICULARLY.AND THEN OF THAT, 5% WILL BECRITICAL PATIENTS.TYPICALLY GENERALLY TOWARD THEMOST VULNERABLE PATIENTS --ELDERLY, PEOPLE WITH RESPIRATORYEXISTING DISEASES ANDPOTENTIALLY IMMUNE DEFICIENCIES.AS WE DEAL WITH THAT MEDICALCRISIS -- AND WE HAVE POURED ALOT OF RESOURCES TOWARD THAT INTHE FIRST TWO PHASES OF HELP INADDITION TO WHAT THE PRESIDENTDID WITH HIS $50 BILLIONALLOCATION EARLIER.THIS BILL, ALMOST $2 TRILLION OFAID AS WE SEE IT TOWARDBUSINESSES AND COMMUNITIES INSTATES TO MAKE SURE THAT WE CANWEATHER THIS STORM.THIS BILL -- LET'S BE VERY CLEARABOUT THIS.THIS IS NOT ABOUT COMPANIES.THIS IS ABOUT EMPLOYEES.THIS IS ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHOWORK FOR EMPLOYERS, EITHER INTHEIR OWN BUSINESS OR INSOMEBODY ELSE'S BUSINESS.THIS IS ALL ABOUT EMPLOYEES.IT IS MERELY A FINANCIAL BRIDGETO GET THROUGH THIS PERIOD OFTIME TO GET INTO THAT RECOVERYPHASE THAT I'M TRYING TODESCRIBE HERE A LITTLE EARLIER.IT'S ABOUT THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEERELATIONSHIP AND TO MAKE SURETHAT WE KEEP THAT RELATIONSHIPINTACT.LOOK, IN THE LAST THREE YEARS,WE HAVE CREATED 7.5 MILLION NEWJOBS.PRIOR TO THIS NEW CRISIS, THISCORONAVIRUS CRISIS, WE HAD ANECONOMY THAT WAS JUST BOOMING.CREATED 7.5 MILLION NEW JOBS.WE HAD 7.5 MILLION JOB OPENINGS,AS A MATTER OF FACT, AND ONLYFIVE MILLION PEOPLE LOOKING FORWORK.SO WE HAD A SITUATION WHERE WEHAD THE ECONOMY MOVING IN THERIGHT DIRECTION, AND THEN THISHITS.AND WE WANT TO MAKE SURE WEDON'T LOSE ANY OF THOSE JOBS.AND FOR THAT REASON, WE FOCUSEDON THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEERELATIONSHIP.YES, WE PLUSSED UP UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS FOR THE STATES SO THATTHEY ARE NOT OVERWHELMED, BUT WEMADE SURE THAT THE EMPLOYER HADTHE LIQUIDITY TO KEEP THESEPEOPLE EMPLOYED.AND IN THAT VAIN, WE -- VEIN, WEDID NOT WANT TO HAVE A LIQUIDITYCRISIS WHICH WE COULD VERY WELLHAVE RIGHT NOW BECAUSE OFSHUTTING THESE BUSINESSES DOWN.WE DIDN'T WANT THAT LIQUIDITYCRISIS TO TURN INTO ANINSOLVENCY CRISIS.WE CAN DEAL WITH A LIQUIDITYISSUE.IT'S EASY TO COME BACK AND DEALWITH COMPANIES THAT HAVE GONEINSOLVENT AND ARE NOW INBANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS.THAT IS A VERY LONG ANDDIFFICULT PROCESS.IT'S DIFFICULT TO COME BACKFROM.WE DO NOT WANT TO DO THAT.THAT WAS THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OFMOST OF THE FACETS OF THIS BILL.SOME $2 TRILLION.I WILL SAY THIS ABOUT THAT --THERE ARE TWO MAJOR COMPONENTSTO DO THAT.ONE IS A SMALL BUSINESS -- NOW,A LITTLE OVER 50% OF THE PEOPLEWHO WORK IN AMERICA WORK FORCOMPANIES THAT HAVE 500EMPLOYEES OR FEWER.THAT'S A NEW LEARNING FOR ME.THAT'S CHANGED DRAMATICALLY.BUT IT IS THE ENGINE -- THIS ISNOT NEW NEWS.THIS IS THE ENGINE OF NEW JOBGROWTH.WE KNOW THAT, IN THE LAST THREEYEARS.WE HAVE $350 BILLION DIRECTLYTARGETED TOWARD THOSE SMALLBUSINESS -- SMALL BUSINESSES.WHO CAN THEN BY THE WAY GO TOTHEIR EXISTING LOCAL BANKER ANDGET THIS FACILITY DONE, AGOVERNMENT-BACKED LOANGUARANTEE.IN ADDITION TO THAT, THERE IS$454 BILLION DIRECTED AT OTHERBUSINESSES, PLUS ANOTHER$58 BILLION TOWARD STRATEGICALLYIMPORTANT INDUSTRIES LIKE OURAIRLINE INDUSTRY AND SO FORTH.AND AGAIN, MOST OF THIS MONEY ISIN THE FORM OF LOAN GUARANTEESTO PROVIDE LIQUIDITY TO KEEP THEEMPLOYEE EMPLOYED WITH THEIREMPLOYER.IT'S NO MORE DIFFICULT THANTHAT.BUT ONE OTHER THING THAT IS NOTBEING TALKED ABOUT, AND I WANTTO HIGHLIGHT THIS, AND THAT IS$454 BILLION IS HISTORIC.THAT'S A LOT OF MONEY.BUT IT HAS THE ABILITY THROUGHTHE TREASURY THAT THEY CANACTUALLY LEVERAGE THAT UP INTERMS OF THE WAY THE MONEY GOESOUT TO BANKS, IT CAN BE LEVEREDUP TO $3 TRILLION OR$4 TRILLION.WHAT WE ARE TALKING ABOUT IS THEPOTENTIAL OF UP TO $5 TRILLIONOF LIQUIDITY INTO OUR ECONOMY.THIS IS HISTORIC.IT SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO SHOCK THESYSTEM TO SEE, OKAY, THERE ISGOING TO BE LIQUIDITY HERE.THERE MAY BE SOME GROWING PAINSIN THE EARLY DAYS, BUT THELIQUIDITY IS GOING TO BE THERETO WEATHER THIS STORM, TO BRIDGETHIS CRISIS.I WANT TO LOOK AT WHAT'S NEXT.TALK ABOUT THIS TRANSITION PHASEAND MAYBE EVEN THE RECOVERYPHASE FOR A SECOND.THE FIRST THING WE HAVE TO DO,WE HAVE TO REALLY LEARN FROMOTHER COUNTRIES.THEY ARE AHEAD OF US IN THECYCLE.FOR EXAMPLE, IT TOOK ABOUT SIXTO EIGHT WEEKS FOR CHINA, EVENWITH THEIR MISTAKES, IT TOOKABOUT SIX TO EIGHT WEEKS TO GOFROM ZERO TO THEIR MAXIMUMNUMBER.BUT WE KNOW THAT THE DISEASE HASA LIFE CYCLE.SOMEBODY IS INFECTED WITH IT, IFTHEY SURVIVE, THEY COME ON THEBACKSIDE, AND SO FAR THERE ISOVER 70,000 PEOPLE THAT HAVE HADTHE DISEASE IN CHINA AND AREHEALTHY NOW.WE KNOW FROM ANECDOTAL EVIDENCEON THE GROUND THAT ABOUT 80% OFTHE EMPLOYED WORKERS IN CHINAARE BEGINNING TO GO BACK TOWORK, AND ALMOST 90% OFFACTORIES.THIS IS OUTSIDE OF HUBEIPROVINCE, OUTSIDE OF WUHANPROVINCE.THEY ARE GOING BACK TO WORK.IN SOUTH KOREA, THE LEARNINGTHERE IS TESTING, TESTING,TESTING.MORE THAN THAT, THEY ALSO TRACKCONTACTS.THERE ARE 350 MILLION PEOPLE INSOUTH KOREA.WE HAVE 330 MILLION.BUT IN CERTAIN CITIES ANDSTATES, THEY CAN CERTAINLY LOOKAT DOING THAT.SO WE HAVE TO LEARN FROMCOMPANIES LIKE SOUTH KOREA,JAPAN, SINGAPORE, HONG KONG,AUSTRALIA, AND EVEN CHINABECAUSE THEY ARE AHEAD OF US INTHIS CYCLE.WE SHOULD BE IN THE FIRST FEWWEEKS OF THIS CYCLE GOING FROMOUR -- FROM ZERO TO WHATEVER OURMAXIMUM NUMBER IS, BUT IT'S THENUMBER OF ACTIVE CASES THAT'STHE MOST IMPORTANT.NOT THE NUMBER OF TOTAL CASES.SO THE MORTALITY RATE IS YET TOBE DETERMINED BECAUSE WE DON'TREALLY KNOW THE DENOMINATOR, BUTI BELIEVE IF WE TEST MORE THANTHAT AND THE ACCELERATION CURVEACCORDING TO VICE PRESIDENTPENCE IS UNDER WAY RIGHT NOWTHAT WE WILL HAVE THAT ABILITYTO DO.CONTACT TRACKING IS ANOTHER.THEN ISOLATION IS ANOTHER ONE WEHAVE TO THINK ABOUT,UNFORTUNATELY.WE HAVE HOT SPOTS.IN THE EBOLA CRISIS IN AFRICA,WHAT WE LEARNED FROM THE MEDICALCOMMUNITY WAS IF THEY COULD PUTA FULL-COURT PRESS ON THE AREASOF FLARING WHERE WE HAD THEDISEASE FLARE UP AND ISOLATE ITWHERE THEY DIDN'T HAVE PEOPLETRAVELING OUTSIDE OF THOSEAREAS.ISOLATION BY GEOGRAPHY ANDDEMOCRAT GRABBY ARE --DEMOGRAPHY ARE CALLED FOR.THE THIRD THING I WILL HIGHLIGHTBRIEFLY.I BELIEVE RIGHT NOW THIS SHOWSWE WERE BEHIND IN TERMS OF OURPREPARATION FOR A PANDEMIC LIKETHIS.THERE IS NO QUESTION ABOUT IT.IN THE COUNTRY AND THE WORLD.WE CAN POINT FINGERS AND BLAME,THAT'S NOT MY PURPOSE TODAY.WHAT I WANT TO TALK ABOUT ISTHIS -- IN AMERICA AND IF WE CANBRING THE WORLD'S RESOURCES WITHDATA, THIS IS THE BIG THING.WE HAVE LIMITED DATA IN THEUNITED STATES.OTHER COUNTRIES HAVE A LOT OFDATA.I BELIEVE IF WE AGGREGATE THATDATA AND CREATE A MANHATTANPROJECT TYPE EFFORT TO GO TOWARDVACCINES AND TREATMENTS, THAT WECAN ABSOLUTELY BE READY FOR FLUSEASON NEXT YEAR IF, IN FACT,THIS PARTICULAR COVID-19 VIRUSHAS A ISN'T.WE DON'T KNOW -- HAS ASEASONALITY.WE DON'T KNOW THAT YET.IN CONCLUSION, MR. PRESIDENT,THERE IS NO QUESTION THAT THISIS A MOMENT OF CHALLENGE INAMERICA.I WILL SAY THIS, THAT PRESIDENTTRUMP, FOR ALL HIS DETRACTORS,EARLY ON STEPPED UP AND WAS ASTRONG LEADER.I SAID THIS YEFERL YEARS AGO.HE REMINDED ME OF WIN SECTIONCHURCHILL, IRASCIBLE BUTEFFECTIVE IN GETTING RESULTS.THAT'S WHAT WE HAVE HAD EARLYON.RIGHT NOW, WE NEED A STEADY HANDTO MAKE SURE WE DON'T KILL THEECONOMY WHILE WE KILL THISDISEASE.MY ONLY POINT IS IN THISTRANSITION PERIOD -- AND NOBODYHAS ALL THE ANSWERS YET -- WENEED TO START ASKING THEQUESTIONS OF WHAT CAN WE DO INTHIS TRANSITION PERIOD TO FIND ABALANCE BETWEEN PROTECTING LIFEAND PROTECTING THE ECONOMY LONGTERM SO THAT WHEN PEOPLE GETWELL, THEY WILL HAVE A JOB TO GOBACK TO AND WE WILL HAVE ANECONOMY THAT CAN HELP THE WORLDPREPARE FOR THE NEXT PANDEMICTHAT WE ARE TALKING ABOUT HERE.THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE THEBEST SPIRIT, I BELIEVE, IN THEHISTORY OF THE WORLD WHEN ITCOMES TO DEALING WITH THISCRISIS.I HAVE TALKED ABOUT A COUPLE OFEXAMPLES IN MY STATE.THE AIRLINES RIGHT NOW AREANOTHER ONE.I KNOW THAT DELTA IS ONE OF THEPRIMARY AIRLINE CARRIERS WE HAVEIN THE COUNTRY.THEY ARE KEEPING SOME FLIGHTSON.I KNOW I HAVE A RESERVATION ON ACOMMERCIAL FLIGHT LATER THISWEEK.I ASKED MY ASSISTANT ARE YOUSURE I WILL GET A SEAT ON THATPLANE?SHE SAID THERE ARE ONLY FIVEPEOPLE WHO HAVE BOOKED A SEAT ONTHAT PLANE.SO IT SHOWS THAT PEOPLE ARETRYING TO DO THEIR PART HERE.NEIGHBORS.PEOPLE GOING TO GROCERY STORESFOR THEIR NEIGHBORS, TAKING CAREOF PICKING UP MAIL, DOINGANYTHING THEY CAN TO PROTECT THEPEOPLE THAT ARE AT RISK.IN SMALL COMMUNITIES, WE KNOWHOW TO DO THAT.IN MAJOR CITIES, IT'S MOREDIFFICULT, BUT IT'S EVENPOSSIBLE THERE.I WILL CONCLUDE WITH THIS,MR. PRESIDENT.THERE IS A DAY COMING, IT'S NOTTHAT FAR OFF, THAT WE WILL BEBEHIND THE TOP END OF THIS CURVEIN AMERICA.WE WILL HAVE LOST SOME LIVES.THAT'S UNFORTUNATE.WE ALL REGRET THAT.BUT WHAT WE HAVE TO DO NOW IS TOMAKE SURE WE PREPARE OURSELVESFOR THIS TRANSITION PHASE THATWHILE WE ARE COMING AND STILLDEALING WITH PEOPLE WHO AREGETTING THE DISEASE, THE DISEASEIS ON THE WANE, AND THE ECONOMYNEEDS TO BE BROUGHT BACK SO WECAN MAKE SURE THAT WE CANPREPARE THIS COUNTRY FOR THENEXT ROUND THAT WE MAY OR MAYNOT SEE IN THE FUTURE.WITH THAT, I YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. RUBIO: I RECEIVED A CALL AFEW HOURS AGO FROM SOMEONE IHAVE KNOWN FOR A LONG TIME, AGENTLEMAN I WOULD SAY IN HISEARLY TO MID 90'S, AND HE WANTEDME TO STOP SAYING THAT WHAT WEARE FACING IS AN UNPRECEDENTEDCHALLENGE.I WAS TAKEN ABACK.I MEAN, NONE OF US HAVE EVERLIVED THROUGH ANYTHING LIKE THISOR CONFRONTED A SITUATION ASPAINFUL OR SO DRAMATIC.AND SO HE CHALLENGED ME TO DOSOMETHING THAT I HAD ACTUALLYDONE A FEW YEARS AGO, BUT AS ITSHOWS, EVEN A FEW YEARS ERODESMEMORY ABOUT THINGS THATHAPPENED LONG IN THE PAST.HE CHALLENGED ME TO SAY, YOUKNOW, EVERYBODY IS COMPARINGTHIS TO THE LAST TIME WE HADSOMETHING LIKE THIS, IT REQUIREDTHE NATION TO REACT LIKE WE DIDIN WORLD WAR II.AND SO IT CAUSED ME TO GO BACKAND LOOK A LITTLE BIT AT THEYEARS BEFORE THAT GREAT ANDBLOODY CONFLICT.IT'S INTERESTING, IN THE YEARSLEADING UP TO 1941, PRESIDENTROOSEVELT HAD AN EFFORT TO BACKTHE SUPREME COURT.IT WAS INCREDIBLY CONTROVERSIAL.IT ENDED UP FALLING APART IN1937.IT ENDED UP FALLING APART,ACTUALLY, BECAUSE MEMBERS OF HISOWN PARTY TURNED AGAINST HIM,AND IT ACTUALLY WEAKENED ANYMOREIN -- HIM IN THAT TAIL END OFHIS SECOND DEAL.PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT WAS SO UPSETABOUT WHAT MEMBERS OF HIS OWNPARTY HAD DONE TO HIM THAT IN1938, HE DID SOMETHINGUNPRECEDENTED AT THE TIME.HE GOT INVOLVED IN DEMOCRATICPRIMARIES AND TRIED TO DEFEAT,TAKE OUT MEMBERS OF HIS OWNPARTY WHO HAD OPPOSED HIM.NOT ONLY DID HE LOSE BADLY INTHAT EFFORT -- I THINK HE ONLYWON ONE OF THOSE SEATS THAT HEWENT AFTER -- AS A RESULT OFWHAT HE DID, HIS PARTY LOST SIXSEATS IN THE SENATE, 71 IN THEHOUSE, AND ULTIMATELY IN THISVERY CHAMBER, A REPUBLICAN,ROBERT TAFT, WAS ABLE TO PUTTOGETHER A COALITION WITHCONSERVATIVE DEMOCRATS ANDBASICALLY BLOCK PRESIDENTROOSEVELT'S AGENDA LEADING INTO1940.THEN IN 1940, ROOSEVELT DIDSOMETHING ELSE THAT WASUNPRECEDENTED AND HIGHLYCONTROVERSIAL.HE ANNOUNCED, ALTHOUGH IT WASLEGAL, THAT HE WAS RUNNING FOR ATHIRD TERM.HE WAS AT THAT POINT DEFYING ALONG PRECEDENT THAT HAD BEEN SETBY THE NATION'S FIRST PRESIDENT.AND THEN TO MAKE MATTERS EVENMORE INTERESTING, HIS OWN VICEPRESIDENT WHO HAD TURNED ON HIMON THE COURT ISSUE, HE HAD TOKICK HIM OFF THE BALLOT.IN FACT, HE TOLD HIM IF YOUNOMINATE HIM AS VICE PRESIDENT,I WILL REFUSE THE NOMINATION.ULTIMATELY HE WAS REELECTED ON APROMISE.HE HAD TO MAKE A PROMISE.I WILL KEEP THIS COUNTRY OUT OFWAR.THIS SETS THE STAGE GOING INTONOVEMBER, DECEMBER 1940.A PRESIDENT THAT SPENT THE LASTTHREE YEARS BATTLING HIS OWNPARTY, SEEN HIS OWN AGENDASLOWED AND STIFLED AND HAD TOKICK OUT HIS OWN VICE PRESIDENTAFTER LOSING A LARGE NUMBER OFSEATS IN THE HOUSE AND SENATE,HAS A COALITION FORMED AGAINSTHIM TO BLOCK HIM AND THEN HAS TOMAKE A PROMISE, WE'RE NOT GOINGTO WAR.ALL THE WHILE UNDERSTANDING THATWHAT WAS HAPPENING IN EUROPEWOULD EVENTUALLY REACH US AND HEWAS PREPARING FOR WAR.AND WHILE HE MADE THAT PROMISEWAS PRETTY FUNDAMENTAL.GOING TO WAR WAS NOT POPULAR INTHIS COUNTRY.MILLIONS OF AMERICANS,PARTICULARLY THOSE AT THE TIMEYOU COULDN'T REALLY TRAVELABROAD, HAD NO CONNECTIONS TOEUROPE.THEY LOOKED AT WORLD WAR I AS AEUROPEAN WAR AND WORLD WAR II ASA WAR THAT HAD TO DO WITHEUROPEANS AND NOT WITH THEM.PROMINENT VOICES, CHIEF AMONGTHEM, CHARLES LINDBERGH WHOTRAVELED THE COUNTRY BLASTINGTHE PRESIDENT AS A WARMONGER INTHE STRONGEST POSSIBLE TERMS.THERE WAS ACTUALLY A STUDENTANTIWAR MOVEMENT.NOW, NOT AS MANY PEOPLE WENT TOCOLLEGE AT THAT TIME AS DID INTHE 1960'S, BUT IT WAS REALLY APRECURSOR TO THAT MOVEMENT.WHY?BECAUSE THESE PEOPLE IN COLLEGEWERE THE ONES THAT WOULD BE SENTTO WAR IF THERE WAS ONE AND THEYWANTED NO PART OF IT.AND THEN IN THE BLINK OF AN EYEAT 7:48 A.M. ON DECEMBER 7, 1941-RBGS THE JAPANESE ATTACKED --1941, THE JAPANESE ATTACKED THEU.S. NAVAL BASE PEARL HARBOR,SUNK FOUR OF OUR BATTLESHIPS, WELOST ALMOST 200 AIRPLANES AND 23AMERICANS PERISHED.IT REMAINED THE THIRD BLOODIESTDAY OF THAT VERY BLOODYCONFLICT.AMERICA WAS NOT READY FOR WAR.THEY HAD STARTED A DRAFT BY AONE-VOTE MARGIN.THEY WERE ABLE TO VOTE IT INTOPLACE.THEY HAD -- WE HAD LOST ASIGNIFICANT PERCENTAGE OF OURPACIFIC FLEET AND, FRANKLY, TOTHIS DAY THERE ARE LEGITIMATEQUESTIONS NOT ABOUT WHETHER THEROOSEVELT ADMINISTRATION KNEW INADVANCE THAT THIS WAS HAPPENINGAND ALLOWED THE ATTACK TOHAPPEN.THIS IS A CONSPIRACY THEORY.THIS WAS A MASSIVE INTELLIGENCEFAILURE.UP TO 30 MINUTES BEFORE THEATTACK, THE AMBASSADOR TO JAPANWAS NEGOTIATING WITH THE UNITEDSTATES OVER AN OIL EMBARGO ANDAMERICA WAS NOT A SOCIETY OFPEACE.THIS WAS A NATION DEEPLYDIVIDED, A SEGREGATED NATIONTHAT DISCRIMINATED AGAINSTCITIZENS OF COLOR.THERE WERE VERY SERIOUS LABORDISPUTES GOING ON THROUGHOUT THECOUNTRY.MANY STILL WAR THE SCARS OF ADEEP AND PAINFUL ECONOMICDEPRESSION.AND, YET, IN THE BLINK OF AN EYETHIS NATION WAS CONFRONTED WITHAN ENEMY AND HAD NO CHOICE BUTTO PUT ASIDE ALL THAT HADHAPPENED TO THAT POINT,EVERYTHING, ALL THE PROBLEMSTHEY HAD WITH THE PRESIDENT, ALLTHE PROBLEMS THEY HAD WITH EACHOTHER, EVEN THOSE AMERICANS THATHAD BEEN DISCRIMINATED AGAINSTWERE WILLING TO DO THAT,TREMENDOUS TESTAMENT TO THECONTRIBUTION THEY MADE TO THE EFFRT TO WIN THAT -- EFFORT TO WINTHAT CONFLICT.AND IN THE BLINK OF AN EYELITERALLY EVERY ASPECT OFAMERICAN LIFE WAS CHANGEDOVERNIGHT.THINK ABOUT IT.ONE MINUTE YOU ARE A STUDENTDEMANDING THAT WE STAY OUT OFWAR AND THE NEXT YOU AREVOLUNTEERING FOR SERVICE.ONE MINUTE YOU'RE A HOUSEWIFE,YOU'RE A RETIREE, THE NEXTMINUTE YOU'RE BACK AT WORK OR ATWORK FOR THE FIRST TIME IN YOURLIFE AT A FACTORY MAKING MIEWMIEW -- MUNITIONS NEEDED FOR THEWAR EFFORT.CHILDREN WERE PUT TO WORK ONFARMS BECAUSE SO MANY PEOPLELEFT FARMING TO FILL THEINDUSTRIAL JOBS BECAUSE THE MENTHAT WOULD HAVE OTHERWISE FILLEDTHOSE JOBS WERE NOW WEARING AUNIFORM AND DYING BY THEHUNDREDS EVERY DAY, AND THEN BYTHE THOUSANDS, ALL OVER THEWORLD.WE RATIONED FOOD.THERE WAS FOOD RATIONING.YOU COULD ONLY EAT SO MUCH.A FAMILY ONLY GOT SO MUCH.GASOLINE WAS RATIONED.I THINK IT WAS THREE GALLONS AWEEK, IF I'M NOT MISTAKEN,CLOTHES WERE RATIONED.THE GOVERNMENT STEPPED IN ANDSAID YOU CAN'T BUILD KITCHENAPPLIANCES, NO REFRIGERATORS, NOOVENS, NO VACUUM CLEANERS, WENEED ALL OF OUR INDUSTRIALCAPACITY TO FIGHT AND WIN A WAR.PEOPLE ON THE COAST, AND YOU SEEPICTURES OF THIS TO THIS DAY OFFMIAMI BEACH, PEOPLE WHO TO CLOSETHEIR SHADES BECAUSE THERE WEREGERMAN U-BOATS OFF OUR COAST.PEOPLE WERE ASKED TO MAKETREMENDOUS SACRIFICES, NOT FORTHREE MONTHS, NOT FOR SIX WEEKS,BUT OVER THREE YEARS AND LONGER.AND SACRIFICES ULTIMATELY,PERHAPS THE GREATEST OF ALL,THEY SENT THEIR SONS AND FATHERSOFF TO DIE. -- DIE IN THE DEFENSE OF THISCOUNTRY AND IN OUR FREEDOMS.I DO NOT MEAN TO DIMINISH THECHALLENGES THAT ARE BEING ASKEDOF US NOW.THERE ISN'T FIVE MINUTES THATGOES BY THAT I DON'T GET A TEXT,A CALL, OR AN E-MAIL FROM ASMALL BUSINESS WHO JUST TWOWEEKS AGO WAS HAVING ITS WITHBEST YEAR -- ITS BEST YEAR EVER,TALKING ABOUT HIRING NEW PEOPLE,AND NOW THEY ARE BANKRUPTCY,THEY ARE DONE, THEY AREFINISHED, AND THEY MAY NEVERREOPEN AGAIN.FROM A YOUNG COUPLE I TALKEDABOUT EARLIER TODAY IN A VIDEO IMADE, TWO WEEKS AGO, RECENTLYMARRIED, PLANNING TO START AFAMILY, BOTH HAD GOOD CAREERS,THE NEXT MINUTE, BOTH OUT OF AJOB, NOT SURE IF THE PLACE THEYWORKED IN WILL EVER EXIST AGAIN,NOT KNOWING WHERE TO GO.ONE MINUTE YOU'RE THE FATHER ANDA FAMILY -- IN A FAMILY, AMOTHER IN A FAMILY WHO HAS NEVERHAD A DAY IN YOUR LIFE WHERE YOUWERE NOT EMPLOYED BY SOMEONE.AND NEXT YOU'RE BEING TOLD, GOTO A WEBSITE, CALL THIS NUMBER,YOU NEED TO GET UNEMPLOYMENT.THEY DON'T KNOW HOW TO DO IT.THEY'VE NEVER DONE IT.SO I DO NOT MEAN TO DIMINISH THESACRIFICE THAT'S OUR PEOPLE AREALREADY MAKING.I SIMPLY MEAN TO PUT IT INPERSPECTIVE AND ALSO TO GIVE ALITTLE BIT OF CLARITY AS TO WHATWILL BE REQUIRED OF US TO WHENTHIS WAR -- TO WIN THIS WAR.BECAUSE IN THIS END OUR ENEMY ISNOT A NATION STATE.IT DOESN'T WARE A UNIT -- WEAR AUNIFORM.BUT IT HAS INVADED US IN A WAYWHERE WE HAVE NOT BEEN ASKED TODO OR ANYTHING CLOSE TO IT SINCELATE 1941.SO WHAT ARE THE LESSONS TO BETAKEN BY THAT ERA IN OURHISTORY, BY THE CALL I GOT TODAYTHAT SAID STOP SAYING IT ISUNPRECEDENTED?THE LESSON TO TAKE IS, NUMBERONE, IN MOMENTS LIKE THIS ACTIONMATTERS.IT IS IMPORTANT THAT WE HAVE AFUNCTIONING GOVERNMENT IN A CANADDRESS PROBLEMS IN THE SPACE INWHICH GOVERNMENT MUST ACT.THAT IS WHAT IS BEING ASKED OFUS HERE TODAY.WHAT IS BEING ASKED OF US IS NOTTO PASS A PERFECT BILL OR PASSLEGISLATION THAT WILL CURE THEVIRUS OR PASS THE LAW THAT WILLHAVE EVERYTHING THAT WE EVERWANTED.WHAT IS BEING ASKED OF US IS CANYOU FUNCTION AS A GOVERNMENT?CAN YOU DO THE MOST BASIC THINGSTHAT A SOCIETY NEEDS FROM ITSELECTED LEADERS AT A MOMENT OFTRUE CRISIS?CAN YOU DO THAT?AND SO FAR FOR THREE DAYS THEANSWER, SADLY, HAS BEEN NO.I HOPE THE ANSWER AT THE END OFTHIS DAY WILL BE DIFFERENT.BUT THE SECOND THING IT TEACHESUS IS, YOU CANNOT CONFRONT ACHALLENGE SUCH AS THIS WITH JUSTGOVERNMENT.THAT WAR WAS NOT JUST WONBECAUSE OF POLITICAL LEADERS OROUR ARMED FORCES, IT WAS A WHOLEOF SOCIETY EFFORT.EVERY DAY AMERICANS -- EVERY DAYAMERICANS WERE ASKED TO DOTHINGS THEY HAD NEVER DONEBEFORE IN PLACES THEY HAD NEVERBEEN NOT JUST TO MAKE SACRIFICESOF WHAT THEY COULD DO BUTSACRIFICES THEY COULD DOAFFIRMATIVELY.THAT IS BEING ASKED OF US NOW.PEOPLE ARE DOING THAT AS WESPEAK.THE EXAMPLES ARE TOO LONG TOMENTION, BUT ALL OVER THISCOUNTRY THERE ARE PEOPLE THATARE DOING EXTRAORDINARY THINGS,STEPPING UP, DOING MORE THANTHEY'VE EVER DONE BECAUSE THEYHAVE TO.THEY KNOW THEY MUST.I HAVE NO DOUBT THAT IF OURGOVERNMENT LEADERS DO THEIR JOBAND ARE WILLING TO DO THEIR PARTAND PROVIDE PEOPLE TRANSPARENT,CLEAR, TRUTHFUL GUIDELINES ABOUTWHAT WE FACE AND WHAT LIES AHEADAND WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM,THEY MAY NOT BE HAPPY AND PEOPLEMAY NOT BE EXCITED ABOUT IT, BUTTHEY WILL DO IT.I KNOW THEY WILL DO IT.THEY ARE ALREADY DOING IT.THE THIRD LESSON IS THE AWESOMEPOWER OF OUR COUNTRY WHEN ADIVERSE POPULATION OF GOGETERS, -- GO GETTERS, THE MOSTCREATIVE PEOPLE WHO HAVE EVERWALKED THE EARTH PUT ASIDE THEIRDIFFERENCES TO CONFRONT A THREATTHEY FACE IN COMMON.AND, AGAIN, THAT IS NOTPOSSIBLE.YOU CAN'T ASK OF THAT OF ASOCIETY.YOU CAN'T ASK PEOPLE TO PUTASIDE THEIR DIFFERENCES, PUTASIDE THE TRIVIAL, PUT ASIDE THETHINGS THEY DON'T AGREE ON ANDFOCUS ON THE ONE THING THATTHREATENS US ALL, YOU CAN'T ASKTHEM TO DO THAT IF YOU CAN'T DOIT YOURSELF.IT APPEARS, AT LEAST AS OF THISMOMENT, THAT IT MAY CHANGE.WHAT IS OUR JOB IN THIS?LET ME SAY, WE ARE ASKING.WHEN I SEE WE, THOSE INGOVERNMENT AT EVERY LEVEL, AREASKING OUR PEOPLE TO DO SOMEVERY DIFFICULT THINGS.WE'RE ASKING HIGH SCHOOLSENIORS, INCLUDING ONE WHO LIVESIN MY HOME TO BE THE FIRST IN IDON'T KNOW HOW MANY GENERATIONSTHAT WON'T HAVE A PROM, WON'THAVE A SENIOR TRIP, WON'T HAVE AGRADUATION.NOW I KNOW ALL THOSE THINGS MAYSEEM TRIVIAL IN COMPARISON TOWORLD WAR II, BUT TO A17-YEAR-OLD THESE ARE A RITE OFPASSAGE AND MANY HIGH SCHOOLSENIORS IN THIS COUNTRY WILL NOTGET THAT THIS YEAR.WE'RE GOING TO ASK SMALLBUSINESSES AND ASKED THEMALREADY, YOU NEED TO CLOSE YOURDOORS.YOU CAN'T OPEN, YOU CAN'T WORK,YOU CAN'T MAKE MONEY, YOU CAN'TALLOW CUSTOMERS TO COME IN.WE'VE ASKED PEOPLE NOT TO GO TOWORK.IN FACT, WE TOLD THEM NOT TOLEAVE THEIR HOMES.OVER HALF OF THIS COUNTRY IS ONAN ORDER, DON'T LEAVE YOUR HOUSEUNLESS YOU ARE GOING TO THEPHARMACY OR GROCERY STORE.WE'RE ASKING NURSES AND DOCTORSTHAT CAN KILL THEM AND THEIRFAMILIES JUST LIKE EVERYBODYELSE TO DO SO ON DOUBLE SHIFTS,OFTENTIMES WITHOUT THE GEAR ANDEQUIPMENT TO PROTECT THEM.WE'RE ASKING TRUCK DRIVERS TODRIVE ALL NIGHT, ALSO VULNERABLETO THE VIRUS, ALSO WORRIED ABOUTALL THE THINGS ALL OF US AREWORRIED ABOUT, DRIVE ALL NIGHTBECAUSE TOMORROW THOSE SHELVESNEED TO BE STOCKED WITH ALL THETHINGS THAT PEOPLE ARE BUYINGBECAUSE THEY ARE AFRAID IT'SGOING TO RUN OUT.AND HOW CAN WE ASK THAT OF OURSOCIETY?IF FOR THREE AND A HALF DAYS WECAN'T EVEN VOTE ON A LAW.WE CAN'T EVEN WALK TO THE FRONTOF THIS PLACE AND LIFT YOUR --OUR FINGER UP OR UP OR DOWN ANDSAY YES OR NO.WE CAN'T EVEN DO THAT.SPENDING OUR TAXPAYER MONEY IN AMOMENT OF CRITICAL CRISIS.I DON'T MEAN TO BE NEGATIVEBECAUSE FRANKLY I HOPE TODAY ISTHE DAY WE GET TOLL SOLVE, BUTTHERE ARE OTHER PEOPLE WHO HAVETO MAKE THEIR WAY IN HERE IN THEHOUSE, OUTSIDE COMMENTATORS,PEOPLE STILL E-MAILING ANDTEXTING, CAN WE CHANGE THIS, CANWE CHANGE THAT?I JUST DON'T KNOW HOW WE CAN ASKPEOPLE TO DO ALL THESE THINGS WENEED TO ASK THEM TO DO AND INRETURN TELL THEM, BY THE WAY,WE'RE GOING TO TAKE OUR SWEETTIME TO DO OUR PART AND OURPART'S THE EASIEST ONE.AND YOU CAN JUST IMAGINE,EXTRAPOLATE WHAT WE'RE FACINGNOW AND TAKE IT BACK TO 1941.IMAGINE IF BACK THEN PEOPLEWOULD HAVE BEEN SAYING, BOY, INIS A GREAT CHANCE.THIS IS A GOOD OPPORTUNITY TOGET BACK AT F.D.R.THIS IS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY NOWHE'S IN A WAR, LET'S ROLL BACKTHE NEW DEAL, LET'S REALLY STICKIT TO HIM FOR WHAT HE REALLY DIDSIX YEARS AGO FOR THAT COURTTHING.OR THE REVERSE, THIS IS A GOODOPPORTUNITY TO USE THE WARPOWERS TO STEAMROLL MY POLITICALOPPONENTS AND PUT THEM IN PLACE.OR IMAGINE HIM SAYING, WE NEEDTO BUILD A LOT 0 OF SHIPS -- ALOT OF SHIPS BUT I'M NOT GOINGTO VOTE TO BILL THEM UNLESS THEYARE IN MY STATE.I DON'T WANT TO GO ANY DEEPERINTO THAT BECAUSE I DON'T MEANTO SAY SOME OF THE ISSUES THATPEOPLE RAISED AROUND HERE ARENOT LEGITIMATE ISSUES, THEY ARE.BUT SOMETIMES THE LEGITIMACY OFTHE ISSUE, THE IMPORTANCE OF THEISSUE HAS TO BE WEIGHED ON ASCALE AGAINST THE GRAVITY OF THEMOMENT.I WOULD SAY TO YOU IF WE WEREDEALING WITH PERMANENT POLICY INA NORMAL COURSE OF BUSINESS OREVEN IN A MOMENT OF A CYCLICALECONOMIC DOWNTURN, WE'D HAVESOME WEEKS TO MAKE SOME OF THESEDECISIONS.WE'VE ALREADY TAKEN TOO LONG.PEOPLE GOT LAID OFF TODAY.PEOPLE WILL BE LAID OFF TONIGHTAND TOMORROW AND THE DAY AFTERAND FOR DAYS TO COME EVEN IF WEPASS THIS BILL.IMAGINE IF WE DON'T.WHAT WE ARE FACING IS THETOUGHEST THING THIS GENERATIONHAS BEFORE FACED.THERE'S NO DOUBT ABOUT IT.AND PERHAPS WITH THE EXCEPTIONOF THE GENTLEMAN AND PEOPLE LIKE-- THE GENTLEMAN THAT CALLED METHIS MORNING, WOULD BE THETOUGHEST THING WE EVER FACE INOUR LIVES.WORLD WAR II WAS WORSE.THIS VIRUS IS TERRIBLE.BUT IT WILL NOT LAST AS LONG ORKILL AS MANY PEOPLE AS THAT WARDID, BUT IT WILL KILL FAR TOOMANY PEOPLE AND LAST FAR TOOLONG.BUT IT WILL LAST LONGER AND KILLMORE IF WE DON'T TAKE ACTIONNOW.AND THAT REQUIRES EVERYONE TOFINALLY WAKE UP AND REALIZE THISIS NOT -- THIS VIRUS DOESN'TCARE WHO YOU VOTED FOR IN THELAST ELECTION.IT DOESN'T CARE WHAT YOU WRITEON TWITTER OR SNARKY REMARKS YOUCOME UP WITH IN YOUR COMMENTATORMOMENT ON CABLE NEWS.IT DOESN'T CARE ABOUT ANY OFTHAT STUFF.IT DOESN'T CARE WHO YOU PLAN TOVOTE FOR IN THE NEXT ELECTION.IT WILL INFECT YOU.IT WILL KILL YOU.IT WILL KILL PEOPLE YOU LOVE.IT WILL KILL MEMBERS OF YOURFAMILY.IT WILL DISRUPT YOUR COMMUNITYAND YOUR ECONOMY.IT DOESN'T CARE ABOUT ANY OFTHIS OTHER STUFF.AND IT REALLY IS IMPORTANT FORUS TO REALIZE NOT JUST FOR THISBILL BUT MOVING FORWARD THATTHERE'S NO SUCH THING AS ANOUTCOME HERE THAT'S GOOD FORHALF OF US AND BAD FOR THE OTHERHALF.THERE IS NO POSSIBLE POLITICALVICTORY HERE, NONE.THERE IS NO OUTCOME HERE INWHICH HALF OF US ARE GOING TO BEABLE TO GO BACK AND SAY BOY, WEREALLY LOOKED GOOD AND MADETHOSE GUYS LOOK BAD AND PEOPLEARE GOING TO REWARD US FOR IT.THEY'RE NOT.I PROMISE YOU THAT WHEN SOMEONEHAS LOST THEIR JOB AND DOESN'TKNOW WHERE THEY'RE GOING TO GOAND ARE STUCK IN THEIR HOME ANDTHEIR LIVES HAVE BEEN TURNEDUPSIDE DOWN AND A MECHANIC OFTHEIR FAMILY IS IN INTENSIVECARE AND THEY WIND UP IN AHOSPITAL THAT'S OVERWHELMED ANDCAN'T CARE FOR THEM, THE LASTTHING ON THEIR MIND IS GOING TOBE PARTISAN POLITICS ORPREEXISTING DIFFERENCES.IF YOU DON'T BELIEVE IT, WE'REABOUT TO FIND THAT OUT, UNFRM.THERE IS NO OUTCOME HERE INWHICH HALF OF US IS HAPPY ANDTHE OTHER HALF ARE UPSET.IT'S A CLICHE.WE USE IT ALL THE TIME.I CAN'T THINK OF A BETTEREXAMPLE THAN THIS ONE.WE ARE TRULY ALL IN THISTOGETHER.THE CARNAGE, THE DAMAGE THATTHIS WILL DO TO OUR COUNTRY ISEXTRAORDINARY.IT WILL KNOW NO GEOGRAPHICBOUNDS, NO POLITICALAFFILIATION, NO DEMOGRAPHICDIFFERENCES.THIS IS A VIRUS THAT CAN INFECTTHE HEIR TO THE CROWN IN BRITAINJUST AS EASILY AS A 92-YEAR-OLDRETIREE IN A FLORIDA NURSINGHOME.AND SO I HOPE THAT THE GRAVITYOF THE MOMENT FINALLY SINKS INAND THAT WE TAKE THE NECESSARYACTIONS QUICKLY AND THAT IFTHERE'S SOMETHING IN THIS BILLTHAT YOU JUST REALLY DON'T LIKE,I DON'T MEAN TO DIMINISH IT.IF WE CAN FIX IT, WE SHOULD.BUT AT THIS POINT I'M GOING TOTELL YOU THAT THERE'S NOTHINGWRONG IN THIS BILL, THERE'SNOTHING IN THIS BILL THAT WILLDAMAGE OUR COUNTRY MORE THAN OURINABILITY TO ACT.NO MATTER HOW BAD SOME PROVISIONIN THIS BILL YOU THINK MAY BE,AND I SAY THIS TO BOTH SIDES,THERE'S NOTHING IN THIS BILLTHAT WILL DAMAGE US MORE THANDOING NOTHING WILL.BY FAR.THE MOST DAMAGING THING THAT CANHAPPEN IS NOT ANY PROVISION OFTHIS LEGISLATION.IT IS OUR INABILITY TO ACT ANDTO SEND A MESSAGE TO THEAMERICAN PEOPLE THAT THEIRLEADERS CAN'T FUNCTION, THATTHEIR GOVERNMENT DOESN'T WORK,NOT JUST ON A DAY-TO-DAY BASISBUT IN A MOMENT OF CRISIS.AND SO I HOPE THAT THAT --WHATEVER DIFFERENCES THAT MAYSTILL EXIST AT THIS MOMENT ANDI'M TRYING TO BE FAIR BECAUSE IKNOW A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE FINALLYSEEING THE FULL TEXT OF IT INJUST THE LAST FEW HOURS, AND IFYOU'VE CAUGHT SOMETHING THAT CANBE FIXED, IT SHOULD BE FIXED.BUT I PLEAD.I DON'T KNOW WHAT OTHER WORD TOUSE.THAT WE DON'T LEAVE HERE TONIGHTWITHOUT HAVING PASSED THIS BILL.BECAUSE I HONESTLY DON'T KNOWHOW THIS NATION AND OUR PEOPLECAN AFFORD ONE MORE DAY OF THIS.MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE FLOORAND SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF AQUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THECLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: QUORUMCALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:A SENATOR: MADAM PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM NEW MEXICO.MR. UDALL: THANK YOU VERY MUCH,MADAM PRESIDENT.ARE WE IN A QUORUM CALL?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WE ARE INA WORKER. -- QUORUM CALL.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WE ARE.MR. UDALL: I WISH TO VITIATE THEQUORUM CALL.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. UDALL: TODAY WE FACE APANDEMIC THE LIKES OF WHICH WEHAVE NOT SEEN IN OVER 100 YEARSAND TODAY THE SENATE MUST ACT TOPASS THE LARGEST RELIEF PACKAGEFOR THE AMERICAN PEOPLE IN OURHISTORY.FIRST I'D LIKE TO EXTEND MYTHOUGHTS AND PRAYERS TO EVERYONEWHO IS PERSONALLY AFFECTED BYTHIS CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC.I THANK THE HEALTH CARE WORKERSWHO ARE WORKING LONG HOURS ANDRISKING THEIR OWN HEALTH TO SAVELIVES.THEY ARE PERFORMING A NATIONALSERVICE.THE NUMBERS OF INFECTEDINDIVIDUALS AND THE RAPIDLYRISING DEATH TOLL WITHSTAGGERING.IF WE DO NOT FOLLOW PUBLICHEALTH EXPERTS ADVICE, THETOTALS COULD BE TRULYHORRIFYING.IN NEW MEXICO WE HAVE OVER 100DIAGNOSED CASES AND TODAY THEFIRST DEATH IN OUR STATE WASREPORTED, A SENIOR CITIZENS FROMEDY COUNTY IN THE SOUTHEASTERNPART OF OUR STATE PASSED AWAY.ALL AMERICANS ARE FACING NEWCHALLENGES, A THREAT TO OURHEALTH, A THREAT TO OUR ECONOMY.MY TOP PRIORITY IS EASING THISHARDSHIP AND MAKING SURE NEWMEXICANS HAVE WHAT THEY NEED TOSTAY HEALTHY AND TO STAYECONOMICALLY AFLOAT.WITH THAT IN MIND, I'M RISING ITTODAY TO TELL NEW MEXICANSRELIEF IS ON THE WAY.WE RELIEF TO AMERICAN WORKERSWHO HAVE BEEN PUT OF WORK AND TOSMALL BUSINESSES THAT ARE MAKINGIMPOSSIBLE DECISIONS BECAUSE OFTHE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC.RELIEF TO OUR HOSPITALS ANDFRONT-LINE HEALTH CARE WORKERSFACING AN OVERWHELMED HEALTHCARE SYSTEM IN THE COMING WEEKSAND MONTHS AND RELIEF TO LOCALSTATES AND GOVERNMENTS THAT AREDOING THEIR BEST TO TAKE CARE OFTHEIR RESIDENTS AND MAINTAINESSENTIAL SERVICES.STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AREDESPERATELY IN NEED OFASSISTANCE ONLY THE FEDERALGOVERNMENT CAN PROVIDE.AND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS TO WHOMWE OWE TRUST AND TREATYOBLIGATIONS TO PROVIDE HEALTHCARE, EDUCATION, AND COMMUNITYASSISTANCE, PARTICULARLY INTIMES OF NEED.AFTER DAYS OF FURIOUSNEGOTIATIONS, I'M PLEASED ANDRELIEVED THAT DEMOCRATS ANDREPUBLICANS WERE ABLE TO REACHAGREEMENT ON WHAT WILL BE THELARGEST FEDERAL RELIEF EFFORT INOUR HISTORY.THE TIMES DEMAND A RESPONSE OFTHIS MAGNITUDE.THE STAY-AT-HOME ORDERS WHICHMAKE NO MISTAKE ARE NECESSARY TOSTOP THE VIRUS, THREATEN THELIVELIHOOD OF MILLIONS OFWORKING FAMILIES THAT LIVEPAYCHECK TO PAYCHECK.MILLIONS OF SMALL BUSINESSES AREIN DIRE NEED OF HELP.THEY POWER OUR ECONOMY BUTSIMPLY CAN'T SURVIVE DURING THEKIND OF ECONOMIC DOWNTURN WE NOWFACE.THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS THEPOWER TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLECAN TAKE THE PUBLIC HEALTHMEASURES THAT ARE NECESSARYWHILE ALSO STAYING AFLOATFINANCIALLY.WE ARE HERE IN THE SENATE -- WEHERE IN THE SENATE NEED TO MAKEABSOLUTELY SURE THAT EVERYONE,NOT JUST THOSE AT THE TOP --THAT EVERYONE IS TAKEN CARE OFAND CAN WEATHER THIS CRISIS.I'M STRONGLY SUPPORTIVE OF THESMALL BUSINESS RELIEF IN THISBILL, WHICH INCLUDES LOANS OF UPTO $10 MILLION THAT CAN BEFORGIVEN AND TURNED INTO GRANTSIF EMPLOYEES ARE KEPT ON THEPAYROLL.THIS RELIEF WILL GO THROUGH THESMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONAND BE AVAILABLE TO ANY BUSINESSOR NONPROFIT UNDER 500EMPLOYEES.WITH DEMOCRATS AT THENEGOTIATING TABLE, WE WORKEDTOWARD THAT GOAL, AND AS ARESULT, AMERICAN WORKERS WILLRECEIVE FOUR MONTHS MORE OFUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE INSTEADOF JUST THREE BECAUSE SO MANYAMERICANS ARE NOW OUT OF WORK WENEED AN EXPANDED UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE PLAN.THIS PLAN EXTENDS UNEMPLOYMENTTO THE SELF-EMPLOYED FOR THEFIRST TIME, IT INCREASES THEMAXIMUM BENEFIT BY $600 PERWEEK.MANY WORKERS WILL RECEIVE THEIRFULL PAY UNDER THIS EXPANSION.JUST TO GIVE AN IDEA OF THEMAGNITUDE OF THIS PROBLEM IN MYHOME STATE OF NEW MEXICO, DURINGTHE WEEK OF MARCH 9, WE HADFEWER THAN 800 CLAIMS FORUNEMPLOYMENT.THIS LAST WEEK WE HAD 11,000 ANDNOW WE ARE RECEIVING 7,000 EVERYDAY.ALSO, BECAUSE DEMOCRATS STOODFIRM, OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEMWILL SEE AN INFUSION OF$55 BILLION INTO THE MARSHALPLAN FOR HEALTH CARE.THE TOTAL PUBLIC HEALTH CAREINVESTMENT IN THIS BILL IS NOW$150 BILLION.WE WILL ESTABLISH A $150 BILLIONRELIEF FUND FOR STATE, LOCAL,AND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS TO HELPCOVER COSTS OF FIGHTING THISVIRUS.NEW MEXICO IS ELIGIBLE FOR UP TO$1.25 BILLION FROM THIS, AND WEWILL BRING ACCOUNTABILITY ANDTRANSPARENCY FOR THE RELIEF OFINDUSTRIES AND LARGECORPORATIONS.THIS RELIEF BILL PUTS INTRANSPARENCY AND INDEPENDENTOVERSIGHT AND ALSO MAKES SURETHAT ELECTED POLITICIANS,INCLUDING THE PRESIDENT, ARE NOTTHE BENEFICIARIES OF THIS FUND.WE FACE A NATIONAL CRISIS OFMONUMENTAL PROPORTIONS, AND I'MHEARTENED THAT REPUBLICANS ANDDEMOCRATS IN THIS BODY JOINTOGETHER OVER -- JOINED TOGETHEROVER THE LAST SEVERAL DAYS TOFACE THIS CRISIS TO THE AS ANATION -- TOGETHER AS A NATION.THIS IS WHAT WE DO AS AMERICANS.AND I HAVE HOPE THAT AS WECONTINUE TO FACE DOWN THISCRISIS IN THE COMING WEEKSMONTHS, WE WILL CONTINUE TO DOSO IN A UNITED FASHION.AS VICE CHAIR OF THE SENATEINDIAN AFFAIRS COMMITTEE, I'VEBEEN PARTICULARLY FOCUSED ONMAKING SURE THAT INDIAN COUNTRYIS NOT LEFT OUT, AND ENSURINGTHAT TRIBES WHO ARE ON THE FRONTLINES OF THIS PUBLIC HEALTH ANDECONOMIC CRISIS HAVE THERESOURCES THEY NEED AND DESERVE.TOGETHER, WITH MY DEMOCRATICCOLLEAGUES, I FOUGHT FOR ANDSECURED AN $8 BILLION SET ASIDEFOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS AND THEIRENTERPRISES.THIS TRIBAL RELIEF FUND WILLPROVIDE THE 574 FEDERALLYRECOGNIZED INDIAN TRIBES WITHFLEXIBLE RESOURCES, RESOURCESTHEY NEED DURING THE COVID-19RESPONSE.AND I'M GLAD WE FOUND BIPARTISANAGREEMENT ON THIS.WE ALSO SECURED OVER $2 BILLIONIN EMERGENCY FUNDING FOR TRIBALNEEDS, AND THIS INCLUDES OVER$1 BILLION FOR THE INDIAN HEALTHSERVICE THAT WILL BE USED FOREVERYTHING FROM EXPANDINGMEDICAL SERVICES TO PURCHASINGEQUIPMENT TO PROMOTING PUBLICHEALTH EDUCATION TO EXPANDINGTELEHEALTH SERVICES ANDINCREASING DISEASE SURVEILLANCE.AND OVER $700 MILLION THAT WILLGO TO THE BUREAU OF INDIANAFFAIRS, THE BUREAU OF INDIANEDUCATION, AND THE H.U.D. OFFICEOF NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS.THESE FUNDS WILL ASSIST TRIBALGOVERNMENTS AS THEY MAKE THEIRWAY THROUGH THIS CRISIS ANDSUPPORT THEIR MEMBERS, SUPPORTTHE I.B.E. SCHOOLS AND TRIBALCOLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES SOTHAT STUDENTS CONTINUE WITHTHEIR EDUCATION, AND PROVIDEHOUSING FOR THOSE MOST IN NEEDWHO WERE IMPACTED BY THISTERRIBLE VIRUS.THESE ARE KEY VICTORIES, BUTWE'RE NOT DONE.WE MUST UPHOLD OUR TRUST ANDTREATY RESPONSIBILITIES TO ALLAMERICAN INDIANS AND ALASKANATIVES, AND SO CONGRESS MUST DOMORE TO RESPOND TO THE UNIQUECOVID-19-RELATED PUBLIC HEALTHAND ECONOMIC CRISES IN INDIANCOUNTRY.TRIBES ARE SOME OF THE MOSTVULNERABLE POPULATIONS WITH THELEAST ROBUST HEALTH CARESYSTEMS.WE HAVE A VERY SCARY OUTBREAK ONTHE NAVAJO NATION AND I'M SURETHAT BENEED TO WEIGH IN -- WENEED TO WEIGH IN AND HELP THERE.FOR OUR NEXT RESPONSE PACKAGE,AND BELIEVE ME WE'RE GOING TOHAVE TO MONITOR THIS CLOSELY ANDWE'RE IN ALL LIKELIHOOD GOING TOBE BACK HERE AGAIN.WE MUST MAKE SURE THAT INDIANCOUNTRY HAS EQUAL ACCESS TOFEDERAL CORONAVIRUS RESOURCES.SENATOR HEINRICH AND I FOUGHTHARD FOR NEW MEXICO PRIORITIES.WE ARE WORKING HARD ON ISSUESTHAT HAVE TO DO WITH OURNATIONAL LABS, ONE OF OUR VERY,VERY TOP EMPLOYERS, IN FACT,PROBABLY THE BIGGEST.NEW MEXICO'S CREATIVE ECONOMYCAN'T BE LEFT BEHIND.SITTING AT THE LEAD DEMOCRAT ONTHE APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEETHAT FUNDS THE NATIONALENDOWMENT, I PUSHED FOR ANADDITIONAL $75 MILLION FOR BOTHTHE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THEARTS AND NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FORTHE HUMANITIES.THESE FUNDS WILL SUPPORT LOCALARTISTS AND ARTS PROGRAMSTHROUGH THIS TOUGH ECONOMIC TIME, WHEN ARTS AND CULTURALVENUES ARE SHUTTERED AND ARTISTSAND ALL OTHERS ARE OUT OF WORK,THERE'S NO DOUBT THAT THESE AREEXCEEDINGLY DIFFICULT TIMES BUTTOGETHER WE CAN GET THROUGHTHIS.I WOULD LIKE TO REMIND EVERYONETO FOLLOW THE PUBLIC HEALTHMEASURES RECOMMENDED BY THEEXPERTS.STAYING AT HOME IS THE BESTTHING WE CAN DO TO SLOW THESPREAD OF THIS VIRUS AND ENSUREOUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS ARE NOTOVERRUN.THESE MEASURES ARE A FIRE BREAKTHAT CUTS OFF THE FUEL FOR THISVIRUS AND PREVENTS A CATASTROPHETHAT OVERRUNS OUR HOSPITALS.SOCIAL DISTANCE, WASH YOUR HANDSFOR 20 SECONDS.WE ALL HAVE AN IMPORTANT PART TOPLAY IN CONTAINING COVID-19 ANDKEEPING OURSELVES AND OURNEIGHBORS AND OUR COMMUNITIESSAFE.THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO IS UNDERA STAY-AT-HOME ORDER.I COMMEND GOVERNOR GRISHAM FORTHE QUICK AND DECISIVE ACTIONTHAT SHE HAS TAKEN AND SHE ISFOCUSING IN LIKE THIS LIKE ALASER BEAM.I KNOW THESE MEASURES AREDIFFICULT AND A HARDSHIP FORMANY, BUT WE WILL ONLY BE ABLETO REVIVE OUR ECONOMY ONCE THISPUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS IS ABATED.IF WE JUST LET THE VIRUS RUN ITSCOURSE, WE COULD LOSE OVER AMILLION PEOPLE.SOME ESTIMATES ARE TWO MILLION,ONE TO TWO MILLION.THAT WOULD BE TOTALLYUNACCEPTABLE AND DEVASTATING.AND BECAUSE OF THE FRONTLINEHEALTH CARE WORKERS, THEDOCTORS, THE NURSES, AND THETECHNICIANS AND ALL THOSE WHOSUPPORT THAT WORK, HOSPITALJANITORS, CAFETERIA WORKERS ANDSO MANY OTHERS, THIS PUBLICHEALTH CRISIS WILL SEE AN END.THANK YOU TO EVERYONE WHO ISRISKING THEIR OWN SAFETY TO HELPOTHERS AND THANKS TO ALL THESENATE STAFF THAT IS HERE ON THEFLOOR AND THE PEOPLE THAT WORKHERE.IN THE DAYS AND WEEKS AND MONTHSAHEAD, WE MUST CONTINUE TOCLOSELY MONITOR ALL AS PEPGHTSOF THE IMPACT OF CORONAVIRUS ONOUR NATION'S HEALTH AND ECONOMYAND CONTINUE TO DECISIVELY ANDAGGRESSIVELY RESPOND TO THENEEDS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.I AM CONFIDENT THAT WORKINGTOGETHER AS ONE NATION AND ONEPEOPLE WE WILL MEET AND BEATTHIS CRISIS AND COME OUT ON THEOTHER END STRONGER.TO CONCLUDE WE MUST PASS THISBILL WITHOUT DELAY.THIS IS A GOOD COMPROMISE AND WEMUST ACT NOW.MADAM PRESIDENT, I NOTE THEABSENCE OF A QUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THECLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:MR. LEAHY: MADAM PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM VERMONT.MR. LEAHY: MADAM PRESIDENT, IASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THE CALLOF THE QUORUM BE DISPENSED WITH.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. LEAHY: MADAM PRESIDENT,SENATORS HAVE BEEN WORKING VERYHARD TO RESPOND TO THE CRISISTHAT'S FACING OUR WHOLE NATION.EACH ONE OF US HAS CERTAINTHINGS THAT OUR STATES -- IN OURSTATES THAT MIGHT BE UNIQUE, BUTWE ALSO ARE HERE FOR ALL OFAMERICA.AND ALL OF AMERICA IS SUFFERING.I KNOW MY -- MY STAFF, MY STAFFIN VERMONT, MY STAFF DOWN HERE,THE APPROPRIATORS, THEAPPROPRIATIONS STAFF HAVE BEENWORKING EVERY DAY, EVERY NIGHTUNTIL MIDNIGHT OR LATER,WEEKENDS.NOBODY HAS HAD ANY TIME OFF.I HAVE BEEN PROUD TO WORK WITHTHEM EVEN THOUGH WE HAVE SET UP,AS I WOULD HOPE ALL WOULD DO, SOWE COULD TELECONFERENCE AND WECOULD WORK REMOTELY.EARLIER THIS WEEK, WE WERE FACEDWITH THE PROSPECT OF A BILL THATWAS VERY ONE-SIDED.REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS HAVENOT DONE WHAT WE DO BEST,SITTING DOWN AND PUTTING ITTOGETHER.WE WERE GIVEN ALMOST A TAKE ITOR LEAVE IT BILL.AND I APPLAUD SENATOR SCHUMERWHO SAID COME BACK TOGETHER.LET'S NOT PASS THAT BILL WHICHLEAVES OUT SO MUCH OF AMERICA,SO MUCH OF THE PEOPLE THAT WEREPRESENT.LEFT US COME TOGETHER, BOTH ASREPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS, ANDFIND A BETTER BILL.NOW, LATE LAST NIGHT --ACTUALLY, CLOSER TO THISMORNING, AN AGREEMENT WASREACHED IN PRINCIPLE ON SUCH ABILL.THE APPROPRIATORS DO ONLY A PARTOF IT.SENATOR SHELBY AND I TRIED TOWORK TOGETHER TO HAVE SOMETHINGWHERE ALL THE APPROPRIATIONSCOMMITTEE OR THE VAST MAJORITYOF THE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE,REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS WOULDAGREE, AND WE DID THAT.THAT'S WHAT WE HAVE BEFORE US.I'M SORRY THAT THERE SEEM TO BESOME -- NOW I THINK THATSENATORS HAVE -- AND SENATORSAGAIN ON BOTH PARTIES HAVEWORKED SO HARD TO PUT TOGETHERSOMETHING WE CAN ALL AGREE ON.WE HAVE SOMETHING WE SHOULD BEABLE TO AGREE ON, WE SHOULD BEABLE TO VOTE.I AGREE WITH THE DISCUSSIONSTHAT -- SPEAKING OF JUST OURPARTY.DISCUSSIONS THAT SENATOR SCHUMERHAD THIS MORNING.WE ALL KNOW THAT NONE OF US GOTEVERY SINGLE THING WE WANT.JUST AS I'M SURE MY REPUBLICANFRIENDS HAVE NOT GOT EVERYSINGLE THING THEY WANT.AND IS ANY BILL PERFECT,ESPECIALLY SOMETHING OF THISUNPRECEDENTED MAGNITUDE?OF COURSE NOT.BUT WE ARE AT A POINT WHEREREALITY HAS TO OVERCOMERHETORIC.WE HAVE TO STAND UP AND BE THECONSCIENCE OF THE NATION, AS WEHAVE BEEN IN THE PAST, AND CANBE TODAY.IT IS TIME FOR SENATORS TO COMETOGETHER AND VOTE.I KNOW ON OUR SIDE, SENATORSCHUMER, THAT UNDER HISLEADERSHIP AND THE OTHERS AREREADY TO DO THAT.I DON'T THINK PEOPLE REALIZE INOUR CAUCUS, WE GO ACROSS THEPOLITICAL SPECTRUM.WE HAVE SOMETHING THAT WE ALLWANT.I'M THE DEAN OF THE SENATE.I'VE BEEN HERE THE LONGEST.I'M NOT GOING TO GET EVERYTHINGI WANT AND NEITHER IS THEPRESIDING OFFICER NOR IS ANYONE.BUT AMERICA IS GOING TO GET ALOT MORE THAN IT HAS NOW.LET'S DO THIS FOR AMERICA.LET'S PASS THIS BILL.LET'S BRING IT UP.LET'S VOTE ON IT.LET'S STOP SAYING, OH, BUT, YES,YOU HAVE 98%, 99% OF WHAT IWANT, BUT I'VE GOT THIS OTHERLITTLE PIECE.NO, AS AMERICANS WE SHOULD SAYIT'S REALITY TIME, NOT RHETORICTIME.REALITY TRUMPS RHETORIC ANY DAY.LET'S GO AHEAD AND VOTE.I COMMEND THOSE SENATORS, THEREPUBLICAN PARTY AND THOSESENATORS IN THE DEMOCRATIC PARTYWHO HAVE WORKED SO CLOSELY WITHEACH OTHER.I KNOW WE HAVE INAPPROPRIATIONS, BUT IN SO MANYOTHER PARTS WE HAVE.AND IT'S TIME TO SAY, OKAY,LET'S VOTE.WITH THAT, MR. PRESIDENT, I WILLSUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE CLERKWILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM IOWA.MR. GRASSLEY: I ASK THAT THEQUORUM CALL BE SUSPENDED.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. GRASSLEY: I KNOW WE HAVE AVERY IMPORTANT PIECE OFLEGISLATION BEFORE US TO TURNTHIS ECONOMY AROUND AND HELP OUTIN OUR BATTLE AGAINST THE VIRUS.WHILE WE'RE WAITING TO VOTE ONTHAT, I COME TO THE FLOOR FOR ACOUPLE POINTS THAT I WOULD LIKETO MAKE.THE FIRST ONE IS TO HONOR AFAMOUS IOWAN.THIS MONTH IS CALLED IOWAHISTORY MONTH, SO I COME TO THEFLOOR TO SPEAK ABOUT ONE OFIOWA'S FAVORITE SONS, DR. NORMANBORLOG, WHOSE BIRTHDAY IS TODAY.HE'S CONSIDERED THE FARMER OFTHE GREEN REVOLUTION.RAISED ON A FARM NEAR CRESCO,IOWA, HE IS CREDITED WITH SAVINGMORE LIVES THAN ANYONE INHISTORY WITH HIS BREAKTHROUGHSIN AGRONOMY.IT TOOK HIM SEVERAL YEARS TOACCOMPLISH WHAT A LOT OFSCIENTISTS DO NOW IN ALABORATORY IN REGARD TO FIGHTINGDISEASES IN PLANTS, AND HE DIDTHIS IN MEXICO AND INDIA.HIS WORK HELPED TO OVERCOMEMALNUTRITION AND FAMINE ACROSSTHE WORLD, SAVING OVER ONEBILLION LIVES IN THE PROCESS.HIS ACHIEVEMENTS WON HIM THENOBEL PEACE PRIZE.BUT NOT ONLY THAT FAMOUS PRIZEBUT ALSO THE PRESIDENTIAL MEDALOF FREEDOM AND THE CONGRESSIONALGOLD MEDAL.I THINK THAT THERE'S ONLY FIVEOR SIX PEOPLE THAT FALL INTO THECATEGORY OF WINNING ALL THREE OFTHOSE PRIZES.HIS ACHIEVEMENTS ALSO PROMPTEDTHE STATE OF IOWA TO HONOR HIMWITH ONE OF IOWA'S TWO STATUESIN THE -- IN THE STATUARY HALLYEAR IN THE U.S. CAPITOL.ON ANOTHER SUBJECT, SOME PUNDITSAND EVEN MEMBERS OF THIS BODYHAVE SUGGESTED THAT IT'SINAPPROPRIATE TO CRITICIZE THECHINESE COMMUNITY PARTY FOR ITSMISHANDLING OF THE CORONAVIRUSTHAT ORIGINATED IN WUHAN, CHINA,BECAUSE IT DISTRACTS FROMBASHING THE PRESIDENT.WE WENT FROM MAINSTREAM MEDIAOUTLETS ROUTINELY REFERRING TOTHE VIRUS BY ITS ORIGIN TO THISBEING TOTALLY POLITICALLYINCORRECT.THERE'S AN EXCELLENT TIMETABLEPUBLISHED BY AXIOS THAT LAYS OUTTHE CHINESE COVER-UP THATPREVENTED EARLY ACTION TOCONTAIN THE VIRUS.THE CHINESE PRO-DEMOCRACYACTIVIST, MR. WEI YOU WARNEDTHAT GENERAL SECRETARY XI ISORDERING PEOPLE BACK TO WORKPREMATURELY, RISKING ANOTHERMASSIVE OUTBREAK OF WHAT HECALLS WUHAN PNEUMONIA.TELLING THE TRUTH ABOUT THECHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY'SMISDEEDS DOES NOT PRECLUDETALKING ABOUT HOW WE CAN IMPROVEOUR OWN RESPONSE.WE CAN LEARN FROM FREE COUNTRIESLIKE SOUTH KOREA, WHICH HAS BEENABLE TO CONTAIN A WIDESPREADOUTBREAK, AND TAIWAN AND JAPAN,WHO APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN ABLE TOPREVENT WIDESPREAD OUTBREAKS.SO THIS IS NOT THE TIME FORPOLITICAL CORRECTNESS ORPOLITICAL POINT-SCORING TO GETIN THE WAY OF TELLING THE TRUTHOR WORKING TOGETHER IN ACLEAR-EYED WAY TO ADDRESS THECHALLENGES AT HAND.I YIELD THE FLOOR AND SUGGESTTHE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THECLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:QUORUM CALL:A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM DELL WARE.A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT, ARE WEIN A QUORUM CALL?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WE ARE.A SENATOR: I ASK THE PROCEEDINGSUNDER THE QUORUM CALL BEVITIATED.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. COONS: MR. PRESIDENT, I CAMETO THIS BUILDING, THIS CAPITOLABOUT 12 HOURS AGO TODAY ANDRECORDED FIRST THING THISMORNING A VIDEO TO SHARE ONSOCIAL MEDIA WITH FOLKS BACK ATHOME WHO ARE BEEN EAGERLY ASKINGWHAT'S UP, WHAT'S HAPPENING,WHAT'S NEXT.AND MY MESSAGE WAS SIMPLE.AFTER DAYS OF DISAGREEMENT ANDOF TUESDAYLING, OF FIGHTING --OF TUSSLING, OF FIGHTING, OFCRAFTING, WE HAVE A DEAL AND IAM READY TO VOTE.LET'S MOVE FORWARD.12 HOURS LATER I STAND IN ALARGELY EMPTY CHAMBER WITH ANODD SENSE OF FOREBODING AS IHAVE ALL DAY, AS HAVE MANY OF MYCOLLEAGUES WONDERING WHAT ISTAKING SO LONG, WHAT IS THEDELAY, WHAT ARE THE REMAININGISSUES.AND I AM HOPEFUL, PRAYERFULLY,THAT WE WILL RESOLVE WHAT ISLEFT, MOVE TO THIS CHAMBER, TAKEUP THE TEXT, VOTE IT OUT, SENDIT TO THE HOUSE, SEND IT TO THEPRESIDENT, AND SEND $2 TRILLIONIN SUPPORT TO OUR NATION.BUT LET ME TELL YOU AS I HAVEWAITED TODAY AND YESTERDAY, ASI'VE TAKEN PHONE CALLS FROMFOLKS FROM DELAWARE, FORWHATEVER REASON THEY ALL SAYWHEN WILL THE SENATE ACT.AND WE FACED A CHALLENGE OVEROUR LAST COUPLE OF DAYS BETWEENMOVING SWIFTLY AND MOVINGWISELY, TO PUT TOGETHER APACKAGE OF THIS SIZE WITH NOHEARINGS, WITH NO COMMITTEEPROCEEDINGS, WITH NO DETAILEDLEGISLATIVE PROCESS MEANS IT IS-- MEANS THERE ARE ROUGH EDGES,MEANS THERE WILL BE MISTAKES INTHIS BILL.IS IT PERFECT?NO.IN FACT, IN SOME PIECES WE WILLDISCOVER AS IT UNFOLDS, FAR FROMIT.BUT ACROSS THE COUNTRY, JUST ASIN THIS CHAMBER, THERE IS THATSENSE OF ANXIOUSNESS, OFANXIETY, OF WHEN WILL IT HAPPEN.JUST A FEW WEEKS AGO, THE VASTMAJORITY OF OUR COUNTRY WASREADING ABOUT CORONAVIRUS, ABOUTCOVID-19, AS SOMETHING HAPPENINGIN DISTANT COUNTRIES ON FARSHORES.THEY READ ABOUT SORT OF CONCERNSABOUT ITS ALARMING AND RAPIDGROWTH IN ASIA AND THEN EUROPE.THINGS STARTED CHANGING AS THESTORIES GOT MORE DIRE AND MOREGRAVE.AS PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS BEGANTO PREDICT A GLOBAL PANDEMIC.AS THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATIONANNOUNCED IT A GLOBAL PANDEMIC,AS SCIENTIFIC LEADERS BEGAN TOSAY THAT THE UNITED STATES WOULDINEVITABLY BE TOUCHED BY IT, ASOUR COLLEAGUES FROM THE PACIFICNORTHWEST TOLD US ABOUT HOWTHEIR COMMUNITIES WERE BEINGAFFECTED, HAS EXTENDED CONTACTSAND FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES ONSOCIAL MEDIA AND THE PRESSSHARED HOW THEY OR MEMBERS OFTHEIR COMMUNITY HAD BECOMEINFECTED.AND AS IT BEGAN TO MOVE ACROSSOUR COUNTRY, BEGAN TO IMPACT AREMARKABLE RANGE OF INSTITUTIONSFROM BASEBALL TO BROADWAY.THE CLOTURE MOTION OF ALL SORTSOF TREASURED AMERICANINSTITUTIONS, EVERY MAJOR SPORTSLEAGUE, EVERY MAJOR PUBLICGATHERING, AND AS NOW STATEAFTER STATE HAS ISSUED EDICTS,AS CITY AND COUNTY ALIKE ALLOVER OUR COUNTY HAS -- ALL OVEROUR COUNTRY HAVE ASKED PEOPLE TOCLOSE THEIR RESTAURANTS ANDTHEIR BARS, THEIR SMALLBUSINESSES, AS HOTELS HAVE NOOCCUPANTS, AS AIRPLANES FLY WITHNO PASSENGERS, IT'S BECOMEHAUNTING, EERIE, THE SENSE OF ANIMMINENT DISASTER.JUST BEFORE COMING OVER HERE, IREAD AN ARTICLE IN "THE NEWYORK TIMES" ABOUT HOW IN MYREGION IN THE MID-ATLANTIC, ITHAS HIT.IN THE BOROUGH OF QUEENS, IN THECITY OF NEW YORK, IN A PUBLICHOSPITAL KNOWN AS ELMHURSTYESTERDAY, 13 PATIENTS DIED.AND IN A RIVETING ACCOUNT, THENURSES AND THE DOCTORS DESCRIBEDA CATASTROPHIC SITUATION.PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS,STRAINED HEALTH AIDES STRETCHEDTO THEIR LIMITS, TESTED AS THEYHADN'T BEEN BEFORE, STRUGGLINGTO GET PERSONAL PROTECTIVEEQUIPMENT, TO HAVE ENOUGHVENTILATORS, TO HAVE ENOUGHI.C.U. UNITS.AND I WILL TELL YOU, AS OVER THELAST COUPLE OF DAYS, I HAVETALKED WITH THE HEADS OF EACH OFOUR MAJOR HOSPITALS, FOLKS WHORUN SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES,NONPROFIT COMMUNITY HEALTHCENTERS.AS I HAVE HEARD FROM NURSES ANDDOCTORS, I KNOW THE LEVEL OFALARM AND CONCERN HAS STEADILYRISEN IN RECENT DAYS.SO, FOLKS, TONIGHT AS I STANDHERE ON THE FLOOR OF THE SENATE,I AM MINDFUL THAT OUR NATION ISSUFFERING.THAT THERE ARE PEOPLE ALL OVERTHE WORLD BUT PARTICULARLY HEREIN THE UNITED STATES, IN THESTATES THAT WE REPRESENT WHO AREANXIOUS, WHO ARE UNEMPLOYED, WHOARE UNCERTAIN.IN SOME CASES NOW TOO MANY WHOARE INFECTED, WHO AREHOSPITALIZED.IT HAS COME HOME TO THIS CHAMBERAS ONE OF OUR COLLEAGUES HASTESTED PRACTICE AND ONE OF OURDEAR COLLEAGUES' HUSBAND,SPOUSE, IS HOSPITALIZED.WE KNOW MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE ANDTHE SENATE AND THE STAFF AND OURIMMEDIATE COMMUNITY HAVE BEENTOUCHED BY THIS DREAD DISEASE.WE ARE NOW AT A CRITICAL MOMENTIN OUR MODERN HISTORY,SIMULTANEOUSLY A PUBLIC HEALTHCRISIS AND AN ECONOMIC CRISIS.I'VE HEARD TOO MANY PEOPLE SAYIT'S UNPRECEDENTED.IT'S NOT UNPRECEDENTED.THE UNITED STATES AND OUR NATIONHAVE MADE IT THROUGH TOUGHERTIMES THAN THIS.TO SAY THAT THE GREAT DEPRESSIONIN THE SECOND WORLD WAR, THECIVIL WAR, AND THE REVOLUTION,THE HARD WORK OF LABORORGANIZING AND THE DESPERATEWORK OF THROWING OFF THESHACKLES OF SEGREGATION AND OFJIM CROW, TO SAY THAT THOSEWEREN'T TOUGH AND DIFFICULTSTRUGGLES MISSES THESIGNIFICANCE OF OUR HISTORY ANDTHE THINGS WE HAVE OVERCOME.BUT FOR MOST OF US, FOR MOST OFOUR FAMILIES, FOR MOST OF OURCOMMUNITIES, THIS WAVE, THISPANDEMIC, THIS VIRUS AND THECOMBINED HEALTH AND ECONOMICDISASTER THAT IS UPON US MAY BETHE GREATEST TEST WE HAVE FACED.SO HOW HAVE WE ANSWERED?THOUSANDS OF BUSINESSES ALREADYCLOSED.MILLIONS OF PEOPLE ALREADYUNEMPLOYED.AND A NATION FEARFUL OF APANDEMIC SWAMPING THE RESOURCESOF OUR HOSPITALS AND OUR HEALTHSYSTEM.LET ME JUST SPEAK BRIEFLY INBROAD STROKES TO WHAT IS IN THISBILL, WHICH WE HAVE FINALLYULTIMATELY HAMMERED OUT AFTERDAYS OF DISAGREEMENT.AND IN ADVANCE OF OUR GETTINGTHE FINAL OFFICIAL TEXT.IN THE BROADEST STROKES, THEHELP THAT WILL BE DELIVERED TOTHE AMERICAN PEOPLE BY THIS BILLSTARTS WITH INDIVIDUAL,SOMETHING THE PRESIDENT HASCHAMPIONED, THE DEMOCRATS HAVESUPPORTED.WE HAVE HAD DIFFERENTINVESTIGATORS OF IT, BUT WE HAVEROUGHLY AGREED.ON $1,200 TO EVERY ADULT CITIZENMAKING BELOW $75,000, AND ITPHASES OUT TO THOSE MAKING BELOW$100,000, WITH $500 PER CHILD,YOUR AVERAGE FAMILY MIGHT WELLSEE $3,000 TO $4,000.THESE CHECKS WILL COME OUT INWEEKS, DELIVERED DIRECTLY FORTHOSE WITH DIRECT DEPOSITTHROUGH THE I.R.S. OR BY CHECKTO THOSE HARDER TO FIND WHOHAVEN'T FILED RECENTLY BUT AREELIGIBLE.THIS IS A REMARKABLE DIRECTSUPPORT TO HELP MILLIONS OFAMERICANS HAVE CASH IN THEIRFAMILY CHECKBOOK TO GET THROUGHTHE UNEXPECTED HARDSHIP OF THESENEXT FEW MONTHS.THERE'S MORE THAN $100 BILLIONIN THIS BILL TO SUPPORT OURHEALTH WORKERS ON THE FRONT LINEAND THE HOSPITALS THAT MAKE OURPUBLIC HEALTH POSSIBLE.POSSIBLE.YOU HEARD THAT STORY ABOUTELMHURST HOSPITAL.IN MY OWN HOME STATE, THERE AREHOSPITALS LARGE AND SMALL THATWITHOUT THIS SUPPORT WILLSTRUGGLE TO MAKE IT THROUGH THISPERIOD.THE HEROES OF THIS PERIOD ARETHE FOLKS WHO ARE WORKING, THEFOLKS WHO ARE CLEANING OFFICES,TRAINS, HOSPITAL ROOMS, OFTENWITHOUT ENOUGH PROTECTIVEEQUIPMENT, OFTEN WITHOUT HEALTHCARE THEMSELVES, OFTEN WITHOUTADEQUATE PAY.THE FOLKS WHO LABOR AT NIGHTHERE IN THIS CAPITOL IN OUROFFICES TO MAKE SURE THEY ARECLEAN AND SAFE FROM THIS VIRUSWE CAN'T SEE.THE FOLKS WHO WORK IN PUBLICHOSPITALS, WORK LONG HOURS.THEY ARE ORDERLIES, THEY ARENURSES.THEY ARE THE PARAMEDICS ANDAMBULANCE DRIVERS WHO DELIVERTHE SICK, AND THEY ARE THESURGEONS AND THE DOCTORS WHODIRECT THEIR CARE.AND ONE OF THE THINGS I AMPROUDEST OF THAT IS IN THIS NOWTHAT WAS NOT IN THIS SEVERALDAYS AGO IS $150 BILLION TOSTATES AND COUNTIES AND CITIES.THE TEN YEARS I SPENT IN COUNTYGOVERNMENT, I CAME TO DEEPLYRESPECT THE MEN AND WOMEN WHOHELP KEEP OUR COUNTY GOVERNMENTAFLOAT AND OUR COMMUNITYSTRONGER, SAFER, AND HEALTHY.THIS SUPPORT, THIS DIRECTSUPPORT TO THE STATES AND THECOUNTIES ON THE FRONT LINES OFTHIS EPIDEMIC WILL HELP THEM GETTHROUGH IT.THERE'S A $500 BILLION FUND, THESUBJECT OF MUCH DISCUSSION ANDDEBATE, THAT AS INITIALLYWRITTEN AND PROPOSED WOULD HELPSUSTAIN SOME OF OUR ICONICINDUSTRIES LIKE THE AIRLINES,BUT WITH ALMOST NO TRANSPARENCY,IN TERMS OF THE TERMS OF THELOANS OR THE GRANTS THAT WOULDBE GIVEN AND ALMOST NORESTRICTIONS ON HOW THECOMPANIES TO RECEIVE THEM MIGHTUSE THEM FOR WHAT PURPOSES.BROADLY SPEAKING, AFTER DAYS OFFIGHTING, WE HAVE COME TOAGREEMENTS THAT I SUPPORT ANDEMBRACE -- RESTRICTIONS ONBUYBACKS AND DIVIDENDS ANDEXECUTIVE COMPENSATION,GUARANTEES AGAINST LAYOFFS ANDAGAINST THE DESTRUCTION OFCOLLECTIVE BARGAININGAGREEMENTS, AND BROADLY SPEAKINGTRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.ONE OF THE THINGS I AM MOSTPROUD OF IS THAT THERE WILL BENOW AN ACCOUNTABILITY BOARD, APANDEMIC RESPONSE ACCOUNTABILITYCOMMITTEE, BOTH A SPECIALINSPECTOR GENERAL AND$80 MILLION IN THIS BILL FOR THEOPERATION OF THAT ACCOUNTABILITYCOMMITTEE.LET ME MOVE SINCE I SEE I HAVE ANUMBER OF COLLEAGUES WHO JOINEDME ON THE FLOOR TO JUST A FEWOTHER POINTS, IF I COULD.THERE IS $350 BILLION IN THISBILL FOR THE SMALL BUSINESSADMINISTRATION TO DISBURSE TOSMALL BUSINESSES AND TONONPROFITS ALL OVER OUR COUNTRY,WITH AN INCENTIVE STRUCTURE TOCHANGE IT FROM A LOAN TO A GRANTTO THOSE WHO WOULD RETAIN ORREHIRE THEIR WORKFORCE.AS I HAVE HEARD FROM RESTAURANTOWNERS, FROM HOTEL OWNERS, FROMTHOSE WHO WORK IN BARS ANDRESTAURANTS AND HOTELS IN MYCOMMUNITY, THOSE ARE THE FOLKSWHO HAVE BEEN HIT THE FIRST ANDTHE HARDEST BY THE CLOSURES.THIS PROVISION WILL ALLOW THOSESMALL BUSINESSES TO REOPENQUICKLY AND ROBUSTLY WHEN WE GETON THE OTHER SIDE OF THISPANDEMIC.AND I LOOK FORWARD TO WORKINGWITH MY COLLEAGUES, WITH THES.B.A. ADMINISTRATOR, WITH THES.B.A. LENDERS IN MY STATE ANDAROUND THE COUNTRY TO MAKE SUREIT'S DONE WELL AND THAT IT'SDONE QUICKLY.I WROTE THE BILL THAT ADDED$17 BILLION MORE SO THAT 320,000CURRENT SMALL BUSINESSES WHO ARECURRENT S.B.A. LOAN HOLDERS GETSIX MONTHS OF RELIEF, MOVES THEMOFF THE AGENDA OF THE S.B.A.STAFF AND THE S.B.A. LENDERS TOCLEAR THE DECKS FOR THEM TOADMINISTER THIS $350 BILLION,AND I SUPPORTED SENATOR CARDINAND HIS INITIATIVE TO ADD$10 BILLION FOR SMALL RAPIDGRANTS TO THE MOST SEVERELYIMPACTED BUSINESSES ANDNONPROFITS.THIS SECTION OF THE OVERALL BILLWHERE SENATORS RUBIO, COLLINS,CARDIN, AND SHAHEEN NEGOTIATEDMOST OF IT STRUCK ME AS THE MOSTBIPARTISAN AND MOST PRODUCTIVE.THERE IS SO MUCH MORE IN THISBILL I COULD SPEAK TO.THE WAYS IN WHICH THE RESOURCESOF THE FEDERAL RESERVE ARE GOINGTO BE DEPLOYED TO HELP MEDIUMSMALL BUSINESSES AND SMALLBUSINESSES -- MEDIUM BUSINESSESAND SMALL BUSINESSES.THE WAY IN WHICH THE PRIVATESECTOR IN MY HOME STATE HASSTEPPED UP TO PARTNER ANDDELIVER CRITICALLY NEEDEDRESOURCES, WHETHER IT IS TOREFURBISH VENTILATORS ORDONATING SURPLUS P.P.E. FROM THEPRIVATE SECTOR THAT THEY DON'TNEED TODAY OR THE UNIVERSITYTHAT HAS CLOSED ITS RESEARCHLABS BUT MAKES ITS RESOURCESAVAILABLE TO OUR HOSPITAL.THERE ARE SOME REMARKABLEEFFORTS AT PARTNERSHIP GOING ONIN MY COMMUNITY AND AROUND THECOUNTRY.BUT AT THE END OF THE DAY, WEHAVE A CRITICAL QUESTION.IS THIS BILL PERFECT?NO.COULD WE I AM PROVE IT --IMPROVE IT BY MORE TIME HEREARGUING WITH EACH OTHER,OFFERING MORE AMENDMENTS,DEBATING FURTHER?YES.IS THERE SOMETHING I BADLYWANTED THAT DID NOT GET IN THISFINAL BILL?ABSOLUTELY.WE HAVE HAD NINE MAJOR STATESDELAY THEIR ELECTIONS, DELAYTHEIR PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIESBECAUSE OF THIS PANDEMIC, AND IURGE THAT A BILL WRITTEN BY MYCOLLEAGUE, SENATOR KLOBUCHAR ANDSENATOR WYDEN THAT I JOIN BEADDED IN TEXT TO REQUIRE EVERYSTATE TO HAVE A PLAN TO VOTE BYMAIL DURING THIS PANDEMIC.IF OUR TROOPS COULD VOTE FROMTHE FRONT LINES IN THE CIVIL WARAND SECOND WORLD WAR, BY GOSH,WE SHOULD HAVE A PLAN TO VOTEEVEN IF THIS PANDEMIC CONTINUES.I WAS DISAPPOINTED THAT TEXT ISULTIMATELY NOT GOING TO BE INTHIS BILL.$400 MILLION WILL BE IN TO HELPTHOSE STATES THAT WANT TO VOTEBY MAIL, TO EXPAND ANDSTRENGTHEN VOTE BY MAIL, AND IWILL BE BACK.I WILL BE BACK TO INSIST ON THISPROVISION IN THE NEXT BILL.BUT AS I HAVE SAID TO MANYCOLLEAGUES IN THE LAST FEW DAYS,WE CANNOT ALL GET EVERYTHING WEHOPED FOR AND WANT AND BELIEVETO BE IMPORTANT IN THIS BILL.WE MUST PUT DOWN THE TOOLS OFPARTISANSHIP AND PERSONALINTEREST AND CONSCIONABLECONCERNS.WE MUST PUT DOWN SOME OF THETHINGS WE MOST HOPED FOR.WE MUST PUT DOWN THE TOOLS WITHWHICH WE SO OFTEN FIGHT EACHOTHER.AND WE MUST COME TOGETHER ANDTAKE UP THE IMPLEMENTS OFNATIONAL PURPOSE, OF COMPROMISE,OF CONSENSUS, AND DELIVER THESERESOURCES TO A NATION ANXIOUS,CONCERNED, AND AT TIMES EVENANGRY. AT ALL OF US IN THE SENATE FORWHAT THEY SEE AS TOO LONG ADELAY.SO WITH THAT, LET ME JUST SAY TOMY COLLEAGUES, IT IS TIME FOR USTO TAKE UP THIS BILL, ROUGH HEWNAS IT IS, PASS IT THROUGH THISCHAMBER, SEND IT TO THE HOUSE.I HAVE URGED MY COLLEAGUES INTHE HOUSE TO PASS IT PROMPTLY,SEND IT TO THE PRESIDENT'S DESKFOR SIGNATURE AND THEN LET USALL GET TO THE HARD WORK OFMAKING SURE WE DO THE BEST WECAN FOR THE PEOPLE WE REPRESENTWITH THIS HISTORIC STIMULUSPACKAGE, THIS REMARKABLECORONAVIRUS RELIEF PACKAGE THATIS GOING TO DELIVER $2 TRILLIONOF ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT TOCOMMUNITIES ALL OVER OURCOUNTRY.THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.WITH THAT, I YIELD THE FLOOR.A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM NEVADA.MS. ROSEN: I RISE TO LET ALLNEVADANS KNOW THE RESPONSES TOTHE PANDEMIC WE ARE FACING RIGHTNOW.THE CORONAVIRUS PRESENTS AGLOBAL CHALLENGE TO THE HEALTHAND ECONOMIC SECURITY OF NEVADAAND THE UNITED STATES.MY STATUTES TODAY ARE WITH THOSEIN NEVADA WHO ARE ILL ORSUFFERING WITH THE VIRUS ANDWITH THE FAMILIES OF THE SIXNEVADANS WHO HAVE DIED BECAUSEOF THIS DISEASE.MS. CORTEZ MASTO: I ALSO WANT TOTHANK THE BRAVE MEN AND WOMEN ONTHE FRONT LINES OF THIS CRISIS,THE FIRST RESPONDERS AND HEALTHCARE WORKERS WHO ARE BATTLING TOSAVE LIVES, PUTTING THEIR OWNHEALTH AND THE HEALTH OF THEIRFAMILIES AT RISK.I KNOW THERE IS A LOT OF FEARAND CONFUSION IN OUR COMMUNITIESRIGHT NOW.PLEASE KNOW THIS, THOUGH.I AM WORKING CLOSELY WITH THEGOVERNOR OF NEVADA AND THENEVADA DELEGATION TO ENSURE THATOUR STATE GETS THE RESOURCES ITNEEDS TO STEM THE SPREAD OF THECORONAVIRUS, TO TREAT THOSE WHONEED MEDICAL ATTENTION, ANDADDRESS THE NEEDS OF STRUGGLINGFAMILIES AND BUSINESSES.I ALSO KNOW THAT WE ARE NEVADASTRONG.I'VE SEEN OVER AND OVER AGAINTHAT WHEN THINGS GET DIFFICULT,NEVADANS COME TOGETHER.WHEN A GUNMAN ATTACKED THE ROUTE91 HARVEST FESTIVAL IN LASVEGAS, I SAW HOW NEVADANS FROMALL OVER THE STATE WORKEDHEROICALLY TO HELP VICTIMS ANDSUPPORT FAMILIES.AND NEVADANS ARE UNITING NOW,TOO.I'M PROUD TO SAY THAT ACROSS THESILVER STATE, PEOPLE ARE DOINGTHEIR PART TO REDUCE THE IMPACTOF COVID-19.OUR GOVERNOR HAS SHOWNTREMENDOUS LEADERSHIP IN WORKINGTO SLOW THE SPREAD OF THECORONAVIRUS.AS GOVERNOR SISSELACK HASPOINTED OUT, WE NEED EVERYONE TOSTAY HOME FOR NEVADA.OUR NURSES, DOCTORS, AND HEALTHOFFICIALS ARE WORKING TIRELESSLYTO CARE FOR THE SICK AND TOINCREASE OUR CAPACITY TO DEALWITH THE CASES IN THE FUTURE.FIRST RESPONDERS, LOCAL HEALTHAUTHORITIES, SANITATION WORKERS,AND RETAIL WORKERS ARE ON THEJOB AROUND THE CLOCK TO MAKESURE THAT ESSENTIAL SERVICES AREAVAILABLE TO NEVADANS.AND OUR GAMING, ENTERTAINMENT,AND HOSPITALITY LEADERS TOOKSTEPS TO STOP THE SPREAD OF UPFECTION INCLUDING BY CLOSINGTHEIR DOORS.AND SO MANY NEVADANS ARECONTBUTING BY WORKING FROMHOME WHEN THEY CAN, CARING FORSCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN,VOLUNTEERING TO HELP MAKE MASKSOR BUY GROCERIES FOR ELDERLYNEIGHBORS, AND AVOIDING SOCIALINTERACTIONS THAT COULD SPREADTHE VIRUS.EVERYONE -- EVERY SINGLENEVADAN, EACH AND EVERY AMERICANHAS A ROLE TO PLAY IN THISCRISIS.WE NEED EVERYONE TO DO THEIRPART BY FOLLOWING THE ADVICE OFTHE EXPERTS AND TAKINGPRACTICAL, COMMONSENSE STEPSLIKE WASHING HANDS ANDPRACTICING SOCIAL DISTANCING.AND MY COLLEAGUES AND I INCONGRESS HAVE DONE OUR PART ASWELL.THE SENATE HAS COME TOGETHER INA REMARKABLE AND BIPARTISANFASHION TO ACT ON THREE BILLS TOADDRESS KEY HEALTH CAREPRIORITIES AND TO PROTECTWORKERS AND INDUSTRY FROM THEECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE PUBLICHEALTH CRISIS.EARLIER IN MARCH, WE SET ASIDE$8.3 BILLION TO SUPPORTHOSPITALS, COMMUNITY HEALTHCENTERS, PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICES,MEDICAL SUPPLIERS, AND REFERENCEACROSS THE COUNTRY.AND THEN -- AND RESEARCHERSACROSS THE COUNTRY.AND THEN NEXT, WE PASSED THEBIPARTISAN CORONAVIRUS RESPONSEACT TO PROVIDE FREE CORONAVIRUSTESTING, TO EXPAND FOODASSISTANCE, AND MANDATE PAIDSICK AND FAMILY LEAVE FORWORKERS.AND I AM PROUD TO HAVE FOUGHTALONGSIDE MY COLLEAGUES INNEVADA'S CONGRESSIONALDELEGATION, INCLUDING MY FRIENDAND COLLEAGUE, SENATOR JACKYROSEN, TO PASS TODAY'S THIRDRELIEF BILL.WE MUST PASS THIS TODAY.IT IS QUITE SIMPLY THE GREATESTSINGLE INVESTMENT IN OUR ECONOMYIN HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN MODERNAMERICAN HISTORY.AND WE NEED IT.IN 2007, OUR STATE WAS HIT HARDBY THE RECESSION.THROUGH TREMENDOUS EFFORT, WECAME THROUGH IT, BUT OURECONOMIC RECOVERY WAS SLOW.THIS TIME WE WANT TO MAKE SUREOUR ECONOMY SPRINGS BACK QUICKLYAFTER THIS CRISIS HAS PASSED ANDTHAT WORKERS HAVE GOOD JOBS TORETURN TO WHEN IT DOES.THAT'S WHY WE NEED TO PASS THESEFAR-REACHING MEASURES TO PROVIDEIMMEDIATE RELIEF TO INDIVIDUALS,FAMILIES, AND BUSINESSESSUFFERING FROM THE ECONOMICIMPACTS OF THIS PANDEMIC.NEVADA HAS AN ECONOMY THAT'SUNIQUE IN THE NATION.OUR HOSPITALITY INDUSTRYGENERATES NEARLY $68 BILLIONANNUALLY AND SUPPORTS MORE THAN450,000 JOBS ACROSS THE STATE.SO I HAVE BEEN FOCUSED ONSTANDING UP FOR OUR GAMING,TOURISM, AND HOSPITALITYWORKERS.I ALSO WANTED TO MAKE SURE THATWHEN WE OFFERED RELIEF TO BIGCOMPANIES, THERE WAS OVERSIGHT,TRANSPARENCY, ACCOUNTABILITY,AND WORKER PROTECTIONS IN PLACE.THIS BILL DOES THAT.I AM GRATEFUL TO THE MANY SMALLBUSINESSES IN MY STATE WHO HAVETAKEN THE HARD BUT NECESSARYACTION AND CLOSED THEIR DOORS ORREDUCED THEIR SERVICES AT THISCRITICAL TIME.THIS BILL SUPPORTS THEM AS WELL. BY PROVIDING FORGIVABLE LOANSAND GRANTS SO THAT THEY CAN OPENTHE DOORS AGAIN AS SOON AS IT ISSAFE FOR THEM TO DO SO.MOST OF ALL, I WANTED TO MAKESURE WE SUPPORTED NEVADA'SWORKERS AND THEIR FAMILIES, THEHARDWORKING PEOPLE OURINDUSTRIES EMPLOY.THAT'S WHY I WORKED WITH MYSENATE COLLEAGUES TO ENSURE THATKEY PROTECTIONS FOR NEVADANS ANDALL AMERICANS WERE INCLUDED INTHIS RELIEF PACKAGE.WE FOUGHT TO EXPAND UNEMPLOYMENTASSISTANCE SO THAT IT INCLUDESPART-TIME, SELF-EMPLOYED, ANDSEASONAL AND GIG ECONOMY WORKERSTHAT MAKE UP A KEY PART OF OURLABOR FORCE IN THE SILVER STATE.WHETHER YOU'RE A DISHWASHER AT AHOTEL ON THE STRIP OR YOU'RE AHAIR STYLIST IN CARSON CITY,YOU'LL BE ELIGIBLE FOR UP TOFOUR MONTHS OF UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS.AND, YES, WE'VE LOCKED DOWNDIRECT PAYMENTS OF $1,200 FOREACH ADULT AND $500 FOR EACHCHILD, UP TO A CERTAIN INCOMELEVEL, SO OUR HARDWORKINGFAMILIES WOULD HAVE MONEY INTHEIR POCKETS TO RECOVER FROMTHIS PANDEMIC.AND WE SUCCESSFULLY PUSHED TOSHORE UP OUR HOSPITALS ANDHEALTH CARE INFRASTRUCTURE TOGET THEM MORE MONEY FORPROTECTIVE GEAR, SUPPLIES, ANDTESTS SO THAT THEY CAN PROVIDEPATIENTS THE BEST POSSIBLE CAREWHILE AT THE SAME TIMEPROTECTING THEMSELVES.SO WE MADE SURE THAT WE ALSOINCLUDED OUR LOCAL, STATE, ANDTRIBAL COMMUNITIES.WE SET ASIDE $150 BILLION FOROUR GOVERNMENTS, WHO ARE BEARINGTHE BRUNT FOR THE COST FOR LOCALHEALTH CARE SYSTEMS.THAT'S WHY I SUPPORT THISLEGISLATION, AND THAT'S WHY WEHAVE TO PASS THIS TONIGHT.AND I WOULD BE AMISS IF I DIDNOT SAY THANK YOU TO THEINCREDIBLE STAFF THAT WORKED SOHARD OVER THIS PAST FEW DAYS24/7 TO PUT THIS RELIEF PACKAGETOGETHER IN A BIPARTISAN WAY,FROM LEADER SCHUMER'S STAFF ANDLEADER SCHUMER, THE NEGOTIATINGTEAM OF SENATORS WHO I GET TOWORK WITH EVERY SINGLE DAY,THEIR HARDWORKING STAFF AND MYSTAFF AS WELL WHO WORKED LATENIGHTS TO MAKE SURE THAT WE WEREFIGHTING ON BEHALF OF NEVADANS.LISTEN, I KNOW THIS IS ADIFFICULT TIME FOR EVERYONE, BUTWE ARE GOING TO GET THROUGHTHIS, JUST AS WE PERSEVEREDBEFORE.AND WE'LL DO IT BY RALLYING TOHELP ONE ANOTHER AS NEVADANSALWAYS DO.THERE WILL BE MOMENTS OFCHALLENGE AHEAD, AND EACH OF USHAS A RESPONSIBILITY TO ANSWERTHESE QUESTIONS.LET'S LISTEN TO THE EXPERTS.LET'S TAKE CARE OF ONE ANOTHERAND LET'S BE KIND ANDUNDERSTANDING OF WHAT WE ARE ALLGOING THROUGH.BUT LET'S NOT LOSE SIGHT OF THEBEAUTY OF OUR EVERYDAY LIVES,THAT FAMILIAR RHYTHM WE'RE ALLEAGER TO RESTORE.IN NEVADA AND ACROSS THECOUNTRY, WE WILL BE BACK AT OURWORKPLACES AGAIN SOLVING OUREVERYDAY PROBLEMS.OUR CHILDREN WILL BE BACK ATSCHOOL LEARNING FOR THEMSELVESHOW TO MAKE THE WORLD A BETTERPLACE.AND, YES, WE'LL BEGIN THE LONGTASK OF GRIEVING THOSE WE'VELOST.BUT WE'LL ALSO BE CELEBRATINGMARRIAGES AGAIN AND MARK BEINGBIRTHS WITH A NEWFOUND JOY.WE WILL GET THROUGH THISTOGETHER, AND I PROMISE EVERYONEIN THE SILVER STATE THAT I WILLBE FIGHTING IN THE SENATE TOMAKE SURE WE REBOUND FROM THISSTRONGER THAN BEFORE SO THATNEVADANS CAN GET BACK TO WORK.MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE FLOORAND ASK THAT WE PASS THIS BILLTONIGHT.I KNOW YOU FEEL THE SAME WAY,AND I LOOK FORWARD TO WORKINGWITH MY COLLEAGUES TO GET THATDONE.THANK YOU VERY MUCH.MR. GRAHAM: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM SOUTH CAROLINA.MR. GRAHAM: THANK YOU VERYMUCH.I WANT TO COMPLIMENT MYCOLLEAGUES, SENATOR TIM SCOTTAND SENATOR SASSE.TODAY WHEN WE WERE GETTINGBRIEFED ABOUT THE BILL,SOMETHING HIT ME LIKE A TON OFABOUT.THERE ARE A LOT OF GOOD THINGSIN HERE.THERE'S MONEY FOR HEALTH CAREPROVIDERS, HOSPITALS, NURSES,AND DOCTORS.THERE'S SO MANY GOOD THINGS.THE COUNTRY IS UNDER SIEGE, ANDI WAS ONE OF THE FIRSTREPUBLICANS, MR. PRESIDENT, TOJOIN MY DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES --I THINK I TALKED TO SENATORDURBIN -- WE NEED TO DOSOMETHING MORE ON UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE BECAUSE THECOLLINS-RUBIO CONSTRUCT I THINKWILL HELP, BUT SOME PEOPLE AREGOING TO FALL THROUGH THECRACKS.NEVER INTO MY WILDEST DREAMS,SENATOR DURBIN, DID I BELIEVETHAT WHAT WE HAVE DONE IS TO PAYPEOPLE MORE NOT TO WORK THAN TOWORK.UNDER THIS BILL, THE $600PAYMENT ON TOP OF STATE BENEFITSACTUALLY ALLOWS PEOPLE TO HAVETHEIR INCOME ALMOST DOUBLED INCERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.AND I WANT TO HELP PEOPLE.I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT IF YOULOSE YOUR JOB, THAT WE COVERYOUR WAGES.BUT UNDER THIS BILL, YOU GET$23.15 AN HOUR BASED ON A40-HOUR WORK WEEK NOT TO WORK.AND IF YOU'RE TRYING TO HIRESOMEBODY IN SOUTH CAROLINA THENEXT FOUR MONTHS, YOU GOT TOCOMPETE WITH THAT WAGE.AND IF YOU'RE WORKING IN ARESTAURANT OR PROBABLY NOT NOW,BUT IF YOU'RE WORKING ANYWHEREFOR $15 AN HOUR, SOMEBODY ISMAKING $23 AN HOUR AND YOU'REWORKING.IT'S JUST NOT FAIR.IT'S GOING TO HURT THERUBIO-COLLINS CONSTRUCT.RESTAURANTS THAT ARE OUT OFBUSINESS, WE WANT THEM TO BEABLE TO BORROW MONEY TO PAY THEPAYROLL TO KEEP PEOPLE CONNECTEDTO THEIR EMPLOYER.NOW WHAT DO YOU DO WHEN YOU MAKE$23 AN HOUR BEING ONUNEMPLOYMENT?HOW DO YOU KEEP THAT WAITRESS ORBARTENDER AT $15 OR $17?YOU'VE MADE IT A NIGHTMARE FORSMALL BUSINESSES.THEY'RE BEING PITTED AGAINSTTHEIR OWN EMPLOYEES.SO TO SENATOR DURBIN ANDEVERYBODY ELSE, THE REASON WE'REDOING THIS IS BECAUSE THEY TELLME IT TAKES SIX TO EIGHT MONTHSFOR THE UNEMPLOYMENT COMMISSIONSAT THE STATE LEVEL TO FIGURETHIS OUT.WHAT ARE WE ASKING THEM TO DO?TO GET UNEMPLOYMENT, YOU GOT TOTELL US WHERE YOU WORK AND HOWMUCH YOU MAKE AND WHAT WE WANTTO DO IS FILL IN THE DIFFERENCEBETWEEN THE STATE UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFIT AND YOUR ACTUAL WAGESAND STOP THERE.WE DON'T DO THAT UNDER THISBILL.THERE ARE PEOPLE GETTING PAIDMORE NOT TO WORK THAN THEY WEREIN THE WORKFORCE.IT'S GOING TO BE HARD TO NOTINCENTIVIZE PEOPLE TO LEAVETHEIR JOB.YOU CAN BE UNEMPLOYED AT $23 ANHOUR IN SOUTH CAROLINA.THAT'S MORE THAN A LOT OF PEOPLEMAKE.SO I'M JUST URGING MYCOLLEAGUES, WE NEED TO FIX THISNOW, NO MATTER HOWWELL-INTENTIONED, YOU'RE GOINGTO MAKE THE NEXT FOUR MONTHSIMPOSSIBLE FOR SMALL BUSINESSESTO HIRE, AND I CAN PROMISE YOUTHIS --IF YOU PAY SOMEBODY $23 AN HOURNOT TO WORK, THEY'RE PROBABLYGOING TO FIND A WAY TO GET THERERATHER THAN STAYING IN THEWORKFORCE WHERE I'M SURE THEY'DRATHER BE.WE HAVE CREATED A PERVERSEINCENTIVE NOT TO HELP THEUNEMPLOYED PERSON BUT TO DESTROYTHE ABILITY TO STAY EMPLOYED.SO WITH THAT, I WOULD JUST SAYTO MY COLLEAGUES, THANK YOU FORTRYING TO BRING COMMON SENSEBACK TO THE BODY.I AM VERY MUCH FOR THIS BILL.IT DOES HELP A LOT OF PEOPLE.BUT WE'VE CREATED A PANDORA'SBOX FOR OUR ECONOMY, AND I WISHWE COULD FIX IT TONIGHT.AND IF WE DON'T, WE NEED TO KEEPTRYING AND TRYING AND TRYING.WITH THAT, I WILL YIELD THEFLOOR TO MY COLLEAGUES.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM FLORIDA H.MR. SCOTT: UNDER THIS BILL ASIT'S WRITTEN NOW, THE GOVERNMENTWILL PAY MANY AMERICANS MORE TOBE ON -- YOU NEED THIS, DON'TYOU?ALL RIGHT, UNDER THIS BILL, ASITS WRITTEN NOW, THE GOVERNMENTWILL PAY MANY AMERICANS MORE TOBE ON GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE THANTHEY WOULD MAKE IF THEY'REWORKING AT THEIR REGULAR JOBS.I SUPPORT EXPANDING THEUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM.IT'S THE BEST AND QUICKEST WAYTO GET MONEY TO PEOPLE WHO NEEDIT MOST.BUT WE SHOULD NOT CREATE ASYSTEM WHERE UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE BENEFITS ARE HIGHERTHAN A SALARY.WE CANNOT PAY PEOPLE MORE TO NOTWORK THAN TO WORK.THIS IS BASIC COMMON SENSE.MOST PEOPLE WOULD CHOOSE THEBIGGER CHECK, AND I DON'T BLAMETHEM AT ALL.NO PERSON WHO UNDERSTANDSANYTHING ABOUT BUSINESS,ECONOMICS, OR HUMAN NATURE WOULDCREATE SUCH A PERVERSE ANDRIDICULOUS SYSTEM.THIS BILL CREATES AN INCENTIVEFOR WORKERS TO BE UNEMPLOYED FORTHE NEXT FOUR MONTHS, FACT.WITHOUT WORKERS, OUR ECONOMYCANNOT BE OPEN.IF OUR ECONOMY REMAINSESSENTIALLY CLOSED FOR FOUR MOREMONTHS, WE WILL BE IN A VERYDEEP RECESSION -- FACT.YOU ASK HOW DO I KNOW ALL OFTHIS?I GREW UP POOR IN PUBLICHOUSING.MY MOM WORKED THREE JOBS.MY PARENTS WERE CONSTANTLYSTRUGGLING TO FIND WORK.I KNOW WHAT IT IS LIKE TO SKIPCHRISTMAS AND SEE THE CAR REPOSSESSED.ON THE OTHER END OF THE SPECTRUMI'VE RUN BUSINESSES AND HAVE HADGREAT SUCCESS.THAT'S EXACTLY HOW I KNOW THESETHINGS.THIS ISN'T CONJECTURE.THESE ARE FACTS.THERE ARE MANY GOOD THINGS INTHIS BILL, AND THERE ARE MANYPROVISIONS THAT I WHOLEHEARTEDLYAGREE WITH.BUT THE WORST THING WE COULD DORIGHT NOW IS CREATE ADISINCENTIVE TO WORK.WE CANNOT GET OUR ECONOMY UP ANDRUNNING AGAIN, WE CANNOT RECOVERFROM THIS -- WE CAN GET OURECONOMY UP AND RUNNING AGAIN, WECAN RECOVER FROM THIS.IT WILL TAKE A LOT LONGER IF WEDON'T AMEND THIS BILL TOELIMINATE THE PERVERSEINCENTIVES.OFFICER OFFICER THE SENATOR FROMSOUTH CAROLINA.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM SOUTH CAROLINA.MR. SCOTT: I PLAN TO SUPPORTTHIS LEGISLATION TONIGHT, BUT IDO WANT TO FIX IT FIRST.OUR AMENDMENT IS THE A VERYSIMPLE AMENDMENT.-- OUR AMENDMENT IS A VERYSIMPLE AMENDMENT.BUT FIRST IT IS OURRESPONSIBILITY TO THE EXTENTPOSSIBLE TO TAKE CARE OF THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.I WANT TO PROVIDE 100% OF THESALARY WHILE AN AMERICAN IS LAIDOFF BECAUSE OF COVID-19.100% OF THE SALARY OF SOMEONELAID OFF BECAUSE OF COVID-19.MY GOAL IS DO IT THE RIGHT WAY.THE RIGHT WAY IS THAT YOU GETYOUR INCOME AS IF YOU'RE STILLWORKING BECAUSE YOU'VE BEEN LAIDOFF BECAUSE OF COVID-19.NOT A RAISE FOR NOT WORKING.NOT 200% OF YOUR INCOME WHILE ONUNEMPLOYMENT.THE GOAL IS SIMPLY TO KEEP YOUWHOLE WHILE YOU'RE UNEMPLOYEDBECAUSE OF COVID-19.I CANNOT STRESS ENOUGH AS AFORMER EMPLOYER AND, FRANKLY, ASA FORMER EMPLOYEE THERELATIONSHIP IT THE EMPLOYER ANDTHE EMPLOYEE IS CRITICAL.OUR NATION IS BUILT ON THEDIGNITY OF WORK.WHAT THIS BILL DOES WITHOUTFIXING IT IS IT SIMPLY SAYS YOUCAN EARN MORE MONEY BY BEINGUNEMPLOYMENT -- BEING ONUNEMPLOYMENT THAN YOU CAN WHILEWORKING.THAT IS AN INCENTIVE THAT ISPERVERSE.WE CANNOT HAVE INTENDED TOENCOURAGE PEOPLE NOT TO WORK ANDMAKE MORE MONEY THAN TO GO BACKTO WORK AND RECEIVE YOUR NORMALPAY.WITH THAT, I YIELD.A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM NEBRASKA.MR. SASSE: THANK YOU, MR.PRESIDENT.AS SENATOR SCOTT JUST SAID, THISAMENDMENT IS REALLY SIMPLE.ALL WE'RE TRYING TO SAY IS WESHOULD HELP EVERYONE WHO NEEDSTO BE HELP WITHOUT USACCIDENTALLY CREATING ADISINCENTIVE TO WORK THAT'S NOTGOOD FOR ANYBODY IN THE COUNTRYOR THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE.WE'RE IN THE MIDDLE OF TWOUNPRECEDENTED CRISES RIGHT NOW.WE HAVE A PUBLIC HEALTH CRISISAND WE HAVE AN ECONOMIC CRISISINTO WHICH WE'RE JUST ENTERINGAND WE DON'T KNOW HOW LONG THEVALLEY OF THIS RECESSION ISGOING TO BE.BUT I WANT TO BE SURE THAT EVERYAMERICAN WHO'S WATCHING TONIGHTUNDERSTANDS EXACTLY WHAT THISDEBATE HAS BEEN ABOUT THISAFTERNOON.THIS DEBATE IS HOW YOU CAN BEBOTH PRO WORKER AND PRO-RECOVERY.TO BE KIND AND CHARITABLE ANDALSO SIMULTANEOUSLY AFFIRMINGTHE ONGOING DIGNITY OF WORK ANDTHE NECESSITY OF WORK AS OURCOUNTRY BATTLES THROUGH THISVIRUS AND ULTIMATELY REBUILDSOUR ECONOMY.NOBODY HERE IS ARGUING ABOUTWHETHER OR NOT WE SHOULD HELPWORKERS.EVERYBODY ON BOTH SIDES OF THEAISLE TONIGHT WANTS TO HELPWORKERS.THIS IS A DEBATE ABOUT WHETHEROR NOT WE'RE GOING TO LET APOORLY DRAFTED BILL KNOCK THISNATION STILL HARDER IN THECOMING MONTHS BY UNINTENTIONALLYINCREASING UNEMPLOYMENT.THAT'S WHAT THIS DEBATE ISABOUT.RIGHT NOW AS THE CORONAVIRUS ISTHREATENING OUR ECONOMY, WE KNOWWHO THE REAL HEROES ARE.THE REAL HEROES ARE NOTPOLITICIANS.THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE HAVEBEEN WORKING ALL NIGHT, FIVE ORSIX NIGHTS IN A ROW, BUT THEHEROES THAT ARE GOING TO BEATTHIS VIRUS AND REBUILD AMERICAARE NOT POLITICIANS.THE HEROES ARE THE MEN AND WOMENWHO ARE STOCKING SHELVES.THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO AREPICKING UP TRASH, THE MEN ANDWOMEN WHO ARE DRIVING TRUCKS ANDDELIVERING TAKEOUT.MANY OF THEM CONVERTINGRESTAURANTS WHICH USED TO BESIT-DOWN INTO TAKEOUTRESTAURANTS.PUTTING FOOD ON THE TABLE FOR ALOT OF THEIR AMERICANS.THE -- THEIR NEIGHBORS.THE AMERICANS AND DAY CAREWORKERS DOING STUFF TO WATCHOTHER E.R. DOCTORS' KIDS.THOSE ARE THE HEROES OF THEHEROES ARE THE AMERICANS ACROSSALL 50 STATES, ACROSS EVERY TOWNAND VILLAGE AND SUBURB AND CITYTHAT ARE DOING THE WORK, THEORDINARY JOBS THAT NOW UNDEREXTRAORDINARILY PAINFUL ANDDIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES.THEY'RE THE HEROES, THESCRAPPERS, AND THE DOERS, AND WESHOULD BE CELEBRATING THEM,AFFIRMING THEM, AND HELPING THEMONCE WE GET THROUGH THIS CRISISTO GET BACK TO WORK.THIS BILL HAS LOTS AND LOTS OFGOOD STUFF IN IT.I INTEND TO SUPPORT IT AS WELL,BUT THERE ARE PIECES OF THISBILL THAT ARE BROKEN AND THAT WECAN FIX TONIGHT.AND IF WE DON'T FIX THEMTONIGHT, IT'S GOING TOEXACERBATE OUR PROBLEMS ANDWE'RE GOING TO BE BACK HERE IN AMONTH AND TO MONTHS TRYING TOFIX THESE PROBLEMS.THESE ARE THE AMERICANS WHO AREGOING TO GET US THROUGH.THEY'RE THE PEOPLE WHO ARE GOINGTO KEEP OUR SUPPLY CHAINS ALIVEAND THOSE SUPPLY CHAINS ARE THELIFELINE FOR LOTS OF AMERICANSRIGHT NOW.HERE'S WHAT'S WRONG WITH THEBILL.AS IT'S CURRENTLY DRAFTED, ITTHREATENS TO CRIPPLE THE SUPPLYCHAIN FOR MANY -- FROM MANYDIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF WORKERS.SOME IN HEALTH SECTOR, FOOD PREPAND DELIVERY.THIS BILL AS DRAFTED CREATES APERVERSE INCENTIVE FOR MEN ANDWOMEN WHO ARE SIDELINED TO THENNOT LEAVE THE SIDELINES AND COMEBACK TO WORK.THIS BILL CREATES A PERVERSEINCENTIVE FOR MANY EMPLOYERS WHOSHOULD BE WANTING TO TRY TOMAINTAIN THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEERELATIONSHIP.IT CREATES A PERVERSE INCENTIVEFOR THEM TO SERVER THATEMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP.MANY OTHER PIECES OF THIS BILLTRY TO TACKLE THIS PROBLEM IN AREALLY CONSTRUCTIVE WAY.THE $350 BILLION FOR THE SMALLBUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, IT ISTRYING TO BUILD BRIDGE LOADPROGRAMS THAT HELP EMPLOYERS ANDEMPLOYEES BE CONNECTED ANDREMAIN CONNECTED THROUGH THISDOWNTURN.THE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PIECEOF THIS SHOULD NOT WORK IT CROSSPURPOSES TO WHAT THE BILL ISABOUT IN THE OVERALL ARGUMENT.NOBODY HAS A PROBLEM WITH THEGENEROUS UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITSTHAT ARE IN THIS BILL.NOBODY HAS A PROBLEM WITH THEGENEROUS UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCEBENEFITS THAT ARE IN THIS BILL.THEY SHOULD BE GENEROUS AMID THENATIONAL CRISIS THAT WE'RE IN.BUT WE DON'T WANT THIS PIECE OFTHE BILL TO CREATE AN INCRINTSEF FOR -- INCENTIVE FOR FOLKS TOSTOP WORKING, HAVE THEIREMPLOYERS PUSH THEM AWAY WHENTHE EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYEE SHOULDBE TRYING TO RALLY AROUND ANDTOGETHER TO HELP US BUILDTHROUGH THIS CRISIS.WE WANT TO DO SOMETHING REALLYSIMPLE.WE WANT TO FIX WHAT'S BROKENHERE BY SAYING UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE BENEFITS SHOULD BECAPPED AT 100% OF THE PAY YOUHAD BEFORE YOU WERE UNEMPLOYED.THIS ISN'T JUST ABOUT PEOPLE WHOALREADY HAVE BEEN MADEUNEMPLOYED.THIS IS ABOUT PEOPLE WHO AREGOING TO BE MADE UNEMPLOYED INTHE COMING WEEKS.ALL THIS AMENDMENT SAYS THATWE'RE VOTING ON IN A FEW MINUTESIS THAT WE SHOULD CAP THEUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS AT 100% OFTHE WAGES YOU WERE JUSTRECEIVING WHILE WORKING.IT SHOULD NOT BE SOMETHING THEU.S. CONGRESS DOES TO CREATE ANINCENTIVE WHERE YOU'LL GET PAIDMORE BY NOT WORKING THAN YOU GETBY WORKING.THAT'S PRO RECOVERY LEGISLATIONTHAT TRIES TO KEEP OUR SUPPLYCHAINS HUMMING AND TRIES TO HELPUS TOGETHER, 325 MILLIONAMERICANS COME TOGETHER TO BEATTHIS THING.WE SHOULD VOTE FOR WORKERS.WE SHOULD VOTE FOR RECOVERY, ANDWE SHOULD VOTE TO BEAT THISTHING AND COME OUT STRONGER ONTHE OTHER SIDE.THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT, IWOULD LIKE TO ADDRESS THIS ISSUEBECAUSE I THINK IT'S IMPORTANTWE EXPLAIN WHERE WE ARE TODAYAND WHY WE'VE REACHED THISPOINT.I CAN RECALL WHEN SENATOR GRAHAMCROSSED THE AISLE A WEEK OR SOAGO PERHAPS AND STARTED TALKINGABOUT UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ANDHIS GOALS WITH UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE.IT SOUNDED CONSISTENT WITH THELANGUAGE IN CONVERSATION I HEARDIN OUR OWN SIDE OF THE AISLE,OUR OWN CAUCUS.TO USE THE UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE SYSTEM AS A WAY TOMAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE WERE ABLETO REALLY WEATHER THE STORM WHENIT COME TO THE PUBLIC HEALTHCRISIS WE FACE.THERE ARE A NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHOARE FILING FOR UNEMPLOYMENT HASGONE UP DRAMATICALLY.TWO MILLION NEW UNEMPLOYMENTCLAIMS FILED LAST WEEK COMPAREDTO 218,000 NATIONWIDE INPREVIOUS WEEKS.SO WE KNOW THAT THE NUMBER OFPEOPLE WHO HAVE LOST THEIR JOBS,LAID OFF, FURLOUGHED, FIRED ISGROWING JUST IN A FASHION WE'VENEVER SEEN BEFORE.I'VE SEEN IT REPORTED IN MYSTATE, I'M SURE EACH OF YOU HAVESEEN THE SAME.BUT LET'S GET DOWN TO THE BOTTOMLINE.AND I ASK MY COLLEAGUES TO JUSTBEAR WITH ME FOR A MINUTE.WHAT YOU ARE DESCRIBING IS WHATWE INITIALLY SET OUT TO DO, ANDTHEN WE MET WITH THEREPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITEDSTATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR.I WAS IN ONE OF THE TASK FORCESFOR THE SENATE FINANCECOMMITTEE, AND I SAT THERE AS AREPRESENTATIVE FROM THE U.S.DEPARTMENT OF LABOR CAME IN ANDSAID SENATORS, YOU DON'TUNDERSTAND 50 DIFFERENT STATES'COMPUTER SYSTEMS WHEN IT COMESTO UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS.WE CAN TELL YOU POINT BLANK THATONLY SIX OR EIGHT STATES OUT OFTHE 50 COULD POSSIBLY DO WHATYOU WANT TO ACHIEVE.THEY TELL US IT WILL TAKE THEMMONTHS TO REPROGRAM THEIRCOMPUTERS TO MAKE THE SIMPLECALCULATION, WHAT APPEARS TO BEA SIMPLE CALCULATION, THAT SAYSYOU NEVER GET PAID MORE INUNEMPLOYMENT THAN YOU WEREMAKING ON THE JOB.THAT WAS THE REALITY.WE DIDN'T MAKE THAT UP.THIS WASN'T A DEMOCRATIC DREAMEDUP IDEA.THIS WAS THE TRUMPADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OFLABOR TELLING US THAT WHEN THEYLOOKED AT THE STATE DEPARTMENTSOF LABOR, THEY COULDN'T ACHIEVEWHAT YOU WANT TO ACHIEVE WITHYOUR AMENDMENT.IN OTHER WORDS, IF YOU GOFORWARD AND YOU'RE SUCCESSFUL --I DON'T BELIEVE YOU WILL BE --BUT IF YOU WERE SUCCESSFUL, WHATWE WOULD END UP WITH IS, FRANKLY, A DEADLOCK, NOINCREASES IN UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE BENEFITS.NOW, LET ME TELL YOU BEYOND THISADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEM WHICH WASNOT OUR CREATION, WAS IDENTIFIEDBY THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION,BEYOND THIS ADMINISTRATIVEPROBLEM THERE ARE TWO OR THREETHINGS I WANT TO SAY AS A BOTTOMLINE.FIRST, WE ARE DETERMINED TO MAKESURE THAT THE WORKERS COME OUTAT LEAST WHOLE IF NOT BETTERTHROUGH THIS TERRIBLE EXPERIENCETHEY'RE GOING THROUGH.NOW, THIS NOTION THAT THEWORKERS WOULD COME OUT BETTER ISNOT UNIQUE TO THE DEMOCRATICSIDE OF THE AISLE.THE CASH PAYMENT PROPOSED BY THETRUMP ADMINISTRATION, $1,200 PERADULT, $500 PER CHILD, FOR SOMEWILL BE A BENEFIT.MAY EVEN BE A SMALL BUTIMPORTANT WINDFALL THAT COMESTHEIR WAY.SO BE IT.THAT WORKING FAMILIES ACROSSAMERICA WOULD END UP WITH THISCASH PAYMENT FROM THE TRUMPADMINISTRATION, I DON'T OBJECTTO IT AT ALL.BUT THE DEMOCRATS HAVE SAIDTHAT'S ONE AND DONE.THAT'S AN AIR DROP OF CASH TOPEOPLE.WHAT ABOUT THE NEXT WEEK AND THENEXT MONTH?THAT'S WHY WE BROUGHT UP THEUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE.NOW, THE $600 FIGURE WE CAME UPWITH WAS AN ATTEMPT TO MAKE SURETHAT EVERYONE WAS WHOLE AT THEEND OF THE DAY.I WILL CONCEDE YOUR POINT.SOME WORKERS, SOME MAY END UPCOMING OUT AHEAD BECAUSE OF THISCALCULATION, $600 A WEEK.THEY MAY COME OUT AHEAD.I'M NOT GOING TO STAND HERE ANDSAY I FEEL BADLY ABOUT THAT.I DON'T FEEL BADLY ABOUT THAT ATALL.WHEN LESS THAN HALF OF THEPEOPLE IN AMERICA HAVE $400 INTHEIR SAVINGS, THE NOTION THATWE MIGHT END UP GIVING PEOPLEANOTHER $1,000 OR $2,000 AT THEEND OF FOUR MONTHS, TO ME THATIS NOT SOMETHING WE OUGHT TO BEASHAMED OF OR RUN AWAY FROM.THAT IS A REAL POSSIBILITY ANDIT MAY HAPPEN.I WILL SUPPORT THAT JUST AS ISUPPORTED THE TRUMPADMINISTRATION'S CASH PAYMENT TOTHAT SAME FAMILY.THEY'RE GOING THROUGH SOME TOUGHTIMES AND THEY HAVE FOR A LONG,LONG TIME.HOW MANY OF US HAVE GIVENSPEECHES ON THIS FLOOR ABOUTINCOME INEQUALITY IN AMERICA ANDSOME OF THE HARDEST WORKINGPEOPLE STILL UNABLE TO MAKE ITPAYCHECK TO PAYCHECK, WEEK TOWEEK.SO LET'S GIVE THEM THAT HELPINGHAND AND NOT APOLOGIZE FOR ITFOR A MINUTE.WE'RE STANDING WITH THESE WORKERAND THEIR -- WORKERS AND THEIRFAMILIES AND I THINK YOU WANT TOAS WELL.THE WAY YOU WANT TO CALCULATE ITWE'RE TOLD IT CANNOT BE DONE.IF CANNOT BE DONE IN A FASHIONTHAT BRINGS RELIEF TO THESEFAMILIES WHEN THEY NEED IT RIGHTNOW.A SENATOR: WOULD THE GENTLEMANYIELD?MR. DURBIN: I'M HAPPY TO YIELDAS SOON AS I FINISH BUT I WANTTO MAKE THIS POINT AS CLEARLY ASI CAN.I BELIEVE THIS IS NOT AWINDFALL.LET'S ASSUME INSTEAD OF $600 AWEEK YOUR CALCULATION MAKES IT$450 A WEEK.SO $150 TIMES 16 WEEKS.THAT'S FOUR MONTHS.HOW MUCH IS THAT GOING TO COMEOUT TO?$2,400.IS THAT GOING TO MEAN THATSOMEONE NOW BECOMES LAZY ANDWON'T GO BACK TO WORK?I DON'T THINK SO.I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE WILL USETHAT MONEY AND NEED THAT MONEYAND ARE GIVEN A HELPING HAND ANDWILL PUT IT RIGHT BACK IN THEECONOMY.THAT'S WHAT THIS IS ABOUT, THATTHESE FAMILIES CAN KEEP THEIRHOMES, PAY THEIR UTILITY BILLS,PUT FOOD ON THE TABLE, AND PUTTHE MONEY BACK INTO THE ECONOMY.THAT'S PART OF WHAT WE'RE TRYINGTO ACHIEVE HERE.IF WE ERR ON THE SIDE OF GIVINGA HARDWORKING FAMILY AN EXTRA$1,000 OR $2,000 BECAUSE OF OURAPPROACH, SO BE IT.NO APOLOGIES.WE DIDN'T DESIGN THE SYSTEM.WE WERE TOLD WE HAD TO WORKWITHIN THE DESIGN OF THE SYSTEM.WE'VE TRIED TO DO IT.WE THINK THE $600 A WEEK IS AREASONABLE WAY TO DO IT.I'LL YIELD FOR A QUESTION.MR. SCOTT: THANK YOU, SENATOR.THE $600 A WEEK I THINK IF I DOTHE MATH QUICKLY TIMES 16 ISABOUT $9,600 ADD ON TOP OF THEADDITIONAL $1,200 FOR A PERSON,$2,400 PER FAMILY.YOU HAVE HIT ON THE POINT WESHOULD ALL BE WILLING TO AGREEON THAT THE SYSTEMS OFUNEMPLOYMENT THROUGHOUT OURCOUNTRY, PERHAPS ARE WORKING ONANTIQUATED EQUIPMENT THAT MAYNEED TO BE UPDATED SO THAT WECAN IN FACT KEEP PEOPLE WHOLEDURING THEIR UNEMPLOYMENT.I WOULD LOVE FOR US TO WORK IN ABIPARTISAN FASHION TO TRY TOFIGURE OUT THROUGH THEDEPARTMENT OF LABOR HOW TO FIXTHE PROBLEM SO THAT THOSE FOLKSWHO DESERVE THE BENEFITS GET ALLTHAT THEY DESERVE BUT THAT WEACTUALLY HAVE A SYSTEM THAT'SNIMBLE ENOUGH FOR US TO MEET THENEEDS STATE BY STATE WITHOUTEXCEEDING THE NEED SO THAT WHENWE'RE IN THIS POSITION AGAIN, ASWE'RE LOOKING AT PHASE FOUR,PHASE FIVE, WE'RE NOT AGAINHAVING A CONVERSATION ABOUTSYSTEMS THAT ARE SO ANTIQUATEDOR PERHAPS EVEN OBSOLETE THATWE'RE DOING SOMETHING THAT WASNOT -- THAT WAS NOT INTENDED.I'M NOT SUGGESTING THAT WE CANGET THAT DONE TONIGHT.I'M NOT EVEN SUGGESTING THAT WECAN GET THAT DONE OVER THE NEXTFEW MONTHS.I AM, HOWEVER, CONCLUDING THATWE SHOULD WORK TO GET IT DONE.MR. DURBIN: I DON'T DISAGREEWITH MY FRIEND FROM SOUTHCAROLINA AT ALL.I AGREE WITH YOU COMPLETELY.WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF A NATIONALEMERGENCY.THAT'S NOT MY ANNOUNCEMENT.THAT'S THE ANNOUNCEMENT OFPRESIDENT TRUMP.I BELIEVE IT.WHEN YOU LOOK AT ALL THE PEOPLENOW FILING FOR UNEMPLOYMENT,WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE HARDSHIPSTHEY'RE FACING, THE LIFESTYLESWHICH THEY HAD TO LIVE TO TRY TOCOMPLY WITH SHELTER IN PLACE ANDALL THE RULES THAT ARE GOING ONHERE, THE NUMBER OF PEOPLEFILING THESE UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE CLAIMS, THEY TELL USTHE REALITY OF THE SITUATION,THE NOTION AS YOU SAID, JDZ 9,6-- $9,600 TIMES FOUR MONTHS, ITBASICALLY COMES OUT TO $30,000 AYEAR ROUGHLY.THAT'S WHAT THE $600 ISCALCULATED TO MEAN ON AN ANNUALBASIS.SO ON A FOUR-MONTH BASIS IF WEEND UP GIVING PEOPLE AN EXTRATHOUSAND OR $2,000, IT IS NOTINCONSISTENT WITH WHAT THE TRUMPADMINISTRATION SAYS THEY WANT TODO WITH THEIR CASH PAYMENT.IN THE MEANTIME, IF WE ARE GOINGTO MOVE FORWARD AND I HOPE THISCRISIS COMES TO AN END QUICKLY,IF WE'RE GOING TO MOVE FORWARDINTO A NEW PHASE, PHASE FOUR,PHASE FIVE, WHATEVER IT IS,LET'S WORK TOGETHER TO TRY TOUPGRADE THESE SYSTEMS, TO MAKETHEM WORK THE WAY WE WANT THEMTO WORK.BUT IN THE MEANTIME, WOULDN'T WEWANT TO ERR ON THE SIDE OFSTANDING WITH WORKING FAMILIESAND THEIR EMPLOYEES?WOULDN'T WE WANT TO DO THAT INTHIS FIRST EFFORT?I THINK IT'S REASONABLE ANDTHOUGHTFUL WAY TO DO IT.MR. SCOTT: HAPPY TO ANSWER THATQUESTION IF THE GENTLEMAN WOULDYIELD.MR. DURBIN: I WOULD BE HAPPY TOYIELD FOR A QUESTION FROM THEGENTLEMAN FROM SOUTHCAROLINA.MR. SCOTT: I WOULD SAY ON BOTHSIDES OF THE AISLE THAT WE ARETRYING TO GET TO A POINT WHEREWE ARE IN FACT KEEPING THEAVERAGE PERSON, ESPECIALLY THEWORKING CLASS PEOPLE WHOLE AS WEPONDER AND DISCUSS THISAMENDMENT.WOULD YOU AGREE?MR. DURBIN: OF COURSE.MR. SCOTT: MY FINAL THOUGHT ISTHAT MY GOAL ISN'T TO COME DOWNHERE AND HAVE A DISAGREEMENT ASMUCH AS IT IS TO ILLUMINATE AVERY IMPORTANT PART OF THEPROCESS THAT IF WE CAN GET ITFIXED THROUGHOUT OUR COUNTRY,THAT AS WE TACKLE THESE ISSUESIN THE FUTURE, MORE FOLKS ONBOTH SIDES OF THE AISLE WILLHAVE GREATER CONFIDENCE INGIVING THESE RESOURCES TO THESTATES SO THAT OUR PEOPLE CAN BEHELPED.THAT'S ALL I WANTED TO SAY.MR. DURBIN: NO DISAGREEMENT, IWOULD SAY TO MY FRIEND FROMSOUTH CAROLINA NO DISAGREEMENT,BUT THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABORSAYS WE CANNOT DO THAT AT THISMOMENT, AND AT THIS MOMENT WHENPEOPLE ARE HURTING SO BADLY,WHEN THEY HAVE LOST THEIR JOBS,FURLOUGHED, THEY ARE WORRIEDABOUT PAYING THEIR BILLS.THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION SAYSTHEY ARE GOING TO SEND THEM ACASH PAYMENT.WE SAY AND I HOPE IT'S ABIPARTISAN STATEMENT, WE'RE WITHYOU, TOO.IT ISN'T GOING TO END WITH THATONE CASH PAYMENT.WE'RE GOING TO STICK WITH YOUAND MAKE SURE YOUR UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE BENEFITS ARE GOING TOKEEP YOU AND YOUR FAMILYTOGETHER.IF BY CHANCE YOU COME OUT ALITTLE BIT AHEAD IN THIS PROCESSWITH THE CASH PAYMENT OR WITHTHIS CALCULATION IN THISFORMULA, SO BE IT.SO BE IT.AT THIS MOMENT IN HISTORY FACINGTHIS NATIONAL EMERGENCY, WEWOULD RATHER ERR ON THE SIDE OFYOU BEING ABLE TO PAY YOUR BILLSAND KEEPING YOUR FAMILIESTOGETHER.FUTURE NEEDS WE CAN DISCUSS, WECAN DEBATE, WE CAN SEE WHAT WECAN DO WITH THE STATE SYSTEMS.BUT FOR THE TIME BEING NOAPOLOGIES.$600 A WEEK FROM WHERE I AMSTANDING IS EXACTLY WHATDEMOCRATS ARE COMMITTED TO.I HOPE REPUBLICANS AS WELL.BECAUSE OUR BELIEF IS THAT THISIS THE MOMENT WHEN WE NEED TOSTAND WITH THESE WORKERS.I MIGHT SAY I SUPPORT RUBIO ANDCARDIN AND THEIR EFFORTS TO HELPSMALL BUSINESSES.I THINK THAT'S THE RIGHT THINGTO DO.BIPARTISAN FROM THE START ANDREALLY WITHOUT MUCH CONTROVERSY.HAVE WE ASKED ANY OF THOSEBUSINESSES TO PRODUCE NET WORTHSTATEMENTS BEFORE THEY RECEIVETHOSE BENEFITS?NO.WE'RE NOT DOING THAT.WE UNDERSTAND THIS IS ANEXTRAORDINARY MOMENT, AND WE MAYDO SOMETHING DIFFERENT IF WE'RETHINKING ABOUT LONG-TERM POLICY,BUT FOR THE IMMEDIATE POLICY,LET US DO THE RIGHT THING.LET'S ERR ON THE SIDE OF HELPINGWORKING FAMILIES WHO ARE OUT OFWORK.AND THAT'S WHY I WOULD OPPOSETHIS AMENDMENT IF IT'S GOING TOBE OFFERED BY THE SENATOR FROMNEBRASKA, AND I CAME TO THEFLOOR TO EXPLAIN HOW WE REACHEDTHIS POINT, AND I HOPE THATOTHERS WILL CONSIDER MY POINT OFVIEW.I YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. SASSE: I WOULD JUST SAY THEYBRIEFLY THAT I APPRECIATE THECOMMENTS FROM THE SENATOR FROMILLINOIS EXPLAINING HISPOSITION.IT SEEMS TO ME THAT FROM WHEREHE STARTED, HE SHOULD ACTUALLYBE SUPPORTING THE AMENDMENT, ANDTHEN WE SHOULD FIGURE OUT WHATWE WOULD NEED TO DO TO PUSH ONTHE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TOACTUALLY MODERNIZE THEIRSYSTEMS.BUT I JUST WANT TO SAY IN PUBLICSOMETHING THAT HAS BEENNEGOTIATED FOR THE LAST EIGHT ORNINE HOURS, AND WE HAVEN'T BEENABLE TO GET CONVERSATIONPARTNERS REALLY ON THAT SIDE OFTHE AISLE, WHICH ARE YOU AREABSOLUTELY RIGHT THAT THEDEPARTMENT OF LABOR SAYS THEREARE MASSIVE SYSTEM PROBLEMS INTHE STATES.SO GIVEN THAT WE ARE ENTERING ARECESSION AT THIS MOMENT ANDWE'RE GOING TO HAVE LOTS ANDLOTS OF NEEDY AMERICANS, THECALLS ON THESE STATE DEPARTMENTSOF UNINSURANCE BENEFITS ARESUBSTANTIAL RIGHT NOW, AND SO IWOULD JUST SAY, TAKING YOU ATGOOD FAITH, THAT YOU'D LIKE TOUPGRADE THESE SYSTEMS SO THAT WECOULD DO THIS THING WHICHDOESN'T ACCIDENTALLY STIMULATEUNEMPLOYMENT BY DISINCENTIVIZINGWORK, I HAVE BEEN TRYING ALLAFTERNOON TO GET PEOPLE ON THATSIDE OF THE AISLE TO SAY HEYMAYBE WE CAN'T GET THIS SOLVEDBY DAY ONE OF THE NEWUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITSOR BY WEEK EIGHT OR NINE MAYBEWE SHOULD HAVE BEEN ABLE TO GETTO A PLACE WHERE THE DEPARTMENTOF LABOR HAD THE RESOURCES TOHELP THESE STATE DEPARTMENT OFUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DEAL WITHTHIS.SO I WILL FOLLOW UP WITH YOUOFFLINE BECAUSE I WOULD LIKE TOWORK WITH YOU ON TRYING TOUPGRADE THESE SYSTEMS.I HAVE ONE MORE THING TO SAY,BUT IF YOU WANT TO GET IN AWORD, GO AHEAD.MR. DURBIN: I WOULD, AND THENATURE OF THE QUESTION THROUGHTHE CHAIR, WHICH IS THEAPPROPRIATE PROCEDURAL.MR. SASSE: THE PRESIDING OFFICERIS ACTUALLY VERY LIBERAL ONTHIS.MR. DURBIN: THIS IS A DEBATE ONTHE FLOOR OF THE SENATE.IT'S HISTORIC.WE DISAGREE ON ONE PREMISE.I DON'T BELIEVE IN GIVING PEOPLE$1,200 AS THE PRESIDENTSUGGESTED FOR EACH ADULT OR IFTHEY ENDED UP WITH A NET GAINOUT OF OUR APPROACH OF $2,000,THAT WE HAVE NOW TURNED THEMINTO LAZY PEOPLE WHO WILL NOT GOBACK TO WORK, THEY WILL JUSTWAIT FOR THE NEXT GOVERNMENTCHECK.THESE AREN'T THE PEOPLE I KNOW,AND THEY AREN'T THE PEOPLE YOUKNOW.BY AND LARGE, THESE AREHARDWORKING PEOPLE WHO WITH ANADDITIONAL $1,000 MAY FINALLY BEABLE TO BUY THAT REFRIGERATOR,MAY FINALLY BE ABLE TO GET THATCAR FIXED, MAY FINALLY BE ABLETO GET SOME DENTAL WORK DONE.I DON'T THINK PAYING THEM ALITTLE EXTRA HERE IS GOING TOCHANGE THEIR LIFESTYLE ANDATTITUDE TOWARD HARD WORK.MR. SASSE: WE WERE AGREEING FORA WHILE, BUT I THINK IT ISPRETTY IMPORTANT HERE TOUNDERSCORE THAT YOUR MATH ISN'TREAL.THE REALITY IS IN LOTS AND LOTSAND LOTS OF STATES IN THECOUNTRY WHERE PEOPLE ARE EARNINNHOUR RIGHT NOW, THE UNEMPLOYMENTOPTION THEY ARE GOING TO BEOFFERED IS GOING TO BE MORE LIKE$24 OR $25 AN HOUR.WE'RE NOT TALKING ABOUT $1,000OVER THE COURSE OF THESE FOURMONTHS.WE'RE TALKING ABOUT CASES WHEREPEOPLE MIGHT HAVE AN ANNUALIZEDWAGE RIGHT NOW OF $30,000 AND BELOOKING AT AN UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFIT OF $1,000 A WEEK, WHICHIS $50,000 ANNUALIZED.SO YOUR MATH ISN'T REAL.THE REALITY IS IT ISN'T $600TOTAL.IT'S $600 ON TOP OF WHAT THEUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS ALREADYWERE IN THAT STATE.AND SO THERE ARE LOTS OF PEOPLEWHO ARE STRUGGLING TO WORK HARD,TO LOVE THEIR NEIGHBOR.WE HAVE GOT A LOT OF HEALTHAIDES IN NEBRASKA WHO MAKE $16AN HOUR.THAT'S A $32,000 A YEAR JOB.THEIR WORK IS IMPORTANT.THAT'S A VOCATION.PEOPLE NEED THEM.THERE ARE SICK PEOPLE FROMCOVID-19 AND OTHER DISEASESRIGHT NOW IN NEBRASKA THAT NEEDTHE BENEFIT OF THOSE HEALTHAIDES.AND YOU HAVE JUST TOLD THEM INTHIS BILL, WE HAVE JUST TOLDTHEM IN THIS BILL, YOUR WORK ISA LITTLE BIT IMPORTANT, BUT LOOKAT THIS.YOU COULD MAKE SUBSTANTIALLYMORE MONEY IF YOU DIDN'T DO THEHARD THING OF TRYING TO FIGUREOUT WHAT DO WE DO WITH OUR KIDSTODAY WHEN SCHOOL IS CLOSED ANDI DON'T KNOW HOW TO DO DAY CAREAND MY SISTER AGREED TO HELPTAKE CARE OF MY KIDS BUT DO IREALLY PUT THE BURDEN ON HERWHEN I DON'T HAVE TO GO TO WORKFOR THE SAME MONEY?I CAN GET SUBSTANTIALLY MOREMONEY BY GOING ON THEUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM.THAT'S A DISINCENTIVE TO WORKTHAT I DON'T THINK YOU BELIEVEIN, I DON'T BELIEVE IN ANDNOBODY IN MY STATE BELIEVES IN.IT'S NOT A REPUBLICAN VERSUS ADEMOCRATIC ISSUE.THIS IS AN AMERICAN ISSUE.WE BELIEVE IN WORKERS AND WEBELIEVE IN WORK.WE DON'T BELIEVE GOVERNMENTSHOULD COME IN AND SAY IT'S MUCHBETTER OFF TO BE A NONWORKERTHAN A WORKER.YOU CAN MAKE A LOT MORE MONEYBEING A NONWORKER THAN A WORKER.WE'RE NOT TALKING ABOUT PEOPLEWHO SUFFERED LAYOFFS LAST WEEK.WE'RE TALKING ABOUT CREATING ASYSTEM HERE WHICH WILLINCENTIVIZE MORE UNEMPLOYMENTNEXT WEEK.THAT'S A MISTAKE BY THISCONGRESS AND WE COULD AND WESHOULD BE DOING BETTER THAN THATTONIGHT.I KNOW THE SENATOR FROM TEXASHAS BEEN TRYING TO GET IN, SO,MR. PRESIDENT, I WILL YIELD THEFLOOR.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM TEXAS.MR. CRUZ: THIS BILL WILL PASSUNANIMOUSLY TONIGHT, BUT I THINKTHIS AMENDMENT WILL MAKE ITSUBSTANTIALLY BETTER.I THINK WE WILL SEE A PARTY-LINEVOTE ON THIS AMENDMENT.I THINK THAT'S UNFORTUNATE,BECAUSE THE CONSEQUENCE OF THEUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE SYSTEM INTHIS BILL RIGHT NOW IS WE'REGOING TO SUBSTANTIALLYDISINCENTIVIZE WORK, AND IT'SGOING TO HURT WORKERS, IT'SGOING TO HURT SMALL BUSINESSES.LET ME GIVE YOU A CONCRETEEXAMPLE.IN TEXAS RIGHT NOW, THE MAXIMUMUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE IS $521 AWEEK.AFTER THIS BILL PASSES, THATWILL RISE FROM $521 A WEEK TOTO 1,121 A WEEK.THAT IS JUST OVER $58,000 AYEAR.THAT MEANS IN THE STATE OFTEXAS, WE'RE GOING TO BE PAYINGPEOPLE, OFFERING THEM BASICALLYBASICALLY $28 AN HOUR NOT TOWORK.NOW, LISTEN, EVERY ONE OF USRECOGNIZE PEOPLE ARE HURTING.THE PROBLEM IS THE INCENTIVE.WE'RE CREATING AN INCENTIVE THATWILL HURT SMALL BUSINESSES.IF YOU HAVE GOT A WAITER OR AWAITRESS WHO HAS LOST THEIR JOBFOR A FEW WEEKS, THEY ARE ONUNEMPLOYMENT AND THEY ARE MAKIN,SUDDENLY THE PROSPECT OF GOINGBACK TO THAT JOB AND SEEING THEMONEY THEY ARE MAKING GOING DOWNSUBSTANTIALLY, THAT DOESN'T SEEMTOO ATTRACTIVE.SUDDENLY THE RESTAURANT OWNERTHAT'S TRYING TO MAKE THE SMALLBUSINESS WORK CAN'T ATTRACTTHOSE WORKERS BACK, AND THAT'SBAD FOR EVERYONE.INCENTIVES MATTER.WE WANT PEOPLE TO WORK.AND SO I WOULD ASK THE SENATORFROM ILLINOIS, YOU SAID THEPROBLEM WITH IMPLEMENTING THISPRINCIPLE, THAT WE SHOULDN'T PAYPEOPLE MORE NOT TO WORK THANTHEY MAKE WORKING, YOU SAID THEPROBLEM WAS ADMINISTRATIVE, THATTHE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND THESTATES COULDN'T DO IT.WOULD THE SENATOR AGREE WITHTHIS AMENDMENT AND WOULD THEDEMOCRATIC PARTY AGREE WITH THISAMENDMENT IF IT SIMPLY HADLANGUAGE INSERTED TO THE BESTEXTENT PRACTICABLE?SO ACKNOWLEDGING THAT IT MAY NOTBE PRACTICABLE, BUT WOULD YOUAGREE WITH THE PRINCIPLE THAT INIMPLEMENTING THIS, THE STATESAND THE DEPARTMENT OF LABORSHOULD TRY TO MAKE SURE WE'RENOT PAYING PEOPLE MORE NOT TOWORK THAN THEY WOULD MAKE IFTHEY WERE WORKING?MR. DURBIN: IS THAT A QUESTIONDIRECTED TO ME THROUGH THECHAIR?MR. CRUZ: I WILL YIELD TO THESENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.MR. DURBIN: LET ME SAY AT THEOUTSET, WE ARE TALKING ABOUTPEOPLE WHO DID NOT VOLUNTARILYLEAVE THEIR JOBS.THESE PEOPLE DID NOT VOLUNTARILYLEAVE THEIR JOBS.THEY WERE TERMINATED.THEY WERE LAID OFF.THEY WERE FURLOUGHED.THESE ARE NOT PEOPLE WHO AREGAMING A SYSTEM.THESE ARE PEOPLE WHO ARE VICTIMSOF THE SYSTEM THAT IS HURT BYTHIS NATIONAL EMERGENCY.AND SECONDLY, IF WE ARE ERRINGON THE SIDE OF GIVINGSTRUGGLING, HARDWORKING FAMILIESAN ADDITIONAL $1,000 A MONTH,$1,000 A MONTH, FOR GOODNESSSAKES, I'M NOT GOING TOAPOLOGIZE FOR A MOMENT.THESE PEOPLE ARE LIVING PAYCHECKTO PAYCHECK IN MANY RESPECTS IFTHEY ARE MAKING $15 AN HOUR,THAT'S $30,000 A YEAR.AND FOR US TO SAY WELL, THEY AREGOING TO END UP WITH A THOUSANDBUCKS NOW, THEY WILL NEVER GOBACK TO WORK, THOSE PEOPLE, IDON'T BELIEVE THAT.AND WE HAVE BEEN CONTACTED INTHIS WORLD OF SOCIAL MEDIA ANDSUCH BY NURSES WHO SAY SO YOUTHINK WE'RE GOING TO QUIT OURJOBS SO THAT WE CAN TAKE ON --TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THEUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS?NO.WE GO TO OUR JOBS AND DO WHAT WEHAVE TO DO AN THE AMOUNT OFMONEY IS SECONDARY.I WOULD JUST SAY THIS.YES, IN THIS RESPECT, I AGREEWITH YOU.TAKE A LOOK AT THE STATE SYSTEMSOF PAYING UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS.WE ARE TOLD BY THE U.S.DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MANY OF THEMARE WAY BEHIND THE MODERNTECHNOLOGY AND CANNOT MEET WHATYOU HAVE STATED AS YOUR GOALHERE.IF WE WANT TO WORK TOWARD THATGOAL OF IMPROVING THOSE STATESYSTEMS, AS SENATOR SCOTT SAIDEARLIER, I WILL JOIN YOU IN THATEFFORT, BUT LET'S NOT APOLOGIZEFOR PERHAPS SENDING AN EXTRA$1,000.ONE LAST POINT.WE'RE ASKING THESE PEOPLE TOSTAY HOME.WE'RE ASKING THEM TO HELP USDEFEAT THIS VIRUS BY NOTWORKING.STAY WITH YOUR FAMILY.SO ONE OF THE INCENTIVES HERE,IF THERE IS A GOOD UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFIT COMING IN, IS THAT THEYCAN KEEP THEIR FAMILIES TOGETHERWHILE THEY OBEY THIS DIRECTIVEAT LEAST FROM GOVERNMENT STATETO FEDERAL.MR. CRUZ: SO THESE QUARANTINESARE GOING TO END.THE PERIOD OF STAYING AT HOME ISGOING TO END, BUT UNDER THEPOLICY FAVORED BY THE DEMOCRATICSENATORS, THERE IS GOING TO BEAN INCENTIVE THAT'S GOING TO ENDUP WITH MORE PEOPLE BEINGUNEMPLOYED.LET'S SAY YOU ARE A RESTAURANTOWNER AND IF YOU KEEP YOUREMPLOYEES ON, MAYBE THROUGH ASMALL BUSINESS LOAN, YOU CAN PAYTHEM, SAY, $10 OR $11 OR $15 ANHOUR, WHATEVER YOU ARE PAYING.BUT IF YOU LET THEM GO, THEY CANGO ON UNEMPLOYMENT AND MAKE AWHOLE LOT MORE MONEY.YOU DON'T THINK THERE WILL BE ALOT OF SMALL BUSINESS OWNERSTHAT HAVE THEIR EMPLOYEES SAYWAIT A SECOND, I CAN MAKE MOREMONEY?THAT'S A BAD INCENTIVE.WE WANT TO CREATE INCENTIVES.I AGREE PEOPLE WANT TO WORK, BUTGOVERNMENT CAN MESS THAT UP.IF WE MAKE IT MORE PROFITABLE, IWOULD MUCH RATHER -- LOOK, THECHECKS WE'RE SENDING, THE $1,200A PERSON, THAT DOESN'T CREATE ANINCENTIVE.IT'S NOT $1,200 IF YOU DO XCONDUCT.WE WANT INCENTIVES THAT BRINGPEOPLE BACK TO WORK SO THATTHESE SMALL BUSINESSES THAT ARECLOSING THEIR DOORS EVERY DAYDON'T STAY CLOSED.THEY OPEN UP AGAIN.THEY HAVE OPPORTUNITY AGAIN, ANDIT IS A PERVERSE INCENTIVE TOPAY PEOPLE MORE NOT TO WORK THANTO WORK.YES, WE SHOULD HELP THEM, BUT WESHOULDN'T TRACK THEM, AND THAT'SWHAT THIS POLICY --MR. DURBIN: WILL THE SENATORYIELD FOR A QUESTION?I AM SURE THE SENATOR IS ACUTELYAWARE OF THIS, THIS IS AFOUR-MONTH PROGRAM.WE ARE NOT OFFERING PEOPLE THISBENEFIT INDEFINITELY.I HOPE WE DON'T HAVE TO RENEWIT.BUT TO SAY I'M GOING TO GIVE UPMY LIFESTYLE AND RETURNING TOTHE PLACE WHERE I WORK FOREVERWHERE I WAS JUST LAID OFFBECAUSE THEY CLOSED THERESTAURANT, BECAUSE OF AFOUR-MONTH PROGRAM, I DON'TTHINK SO.I THINK PEOPLE ARE MORE LOYAL TOTHE WORKPLACE IF THEY ARETREATED FAIRLY, AND IF WE END UPGIVING THEM AN ADDITIONAL $1,000MONTH AT THE END OF THE DAY, ITHINK IT'S THE RIGHT THING TODO.MR. CRUZ: THE INCENTIVES MATTER.AND WE DON'T WANT TO DELAY ARECOVERY FROM THIS CRISIS BYFOUR MONTHS.HOPEFULLY WE STOP THIS GLOBALPANDEMIC AND WE STOP IT SOON.YOU DON'T KNOW HOW SOON THATWILL BE.I DON'T KNOW.AND ONE OF THE BENEFITS OF THISBILL IS WE'RE FLOODING MORERESOURCES, AND WE SHOULD BE,INTO TESTING AND TO PREVENTATIVEGEAR, INTO VENTILATORS.THERE IS A LOT WE NEED TO DO TOSTOP THIS PANDEMIC.BUT WHEN IT ENDS -- AND IT WILLEND -- WE WILL GET THROUGH THIS.WE WANT PEOPLE TO GO BACK TOWORK.NOT FOUR MONTHS FROM NOW.WE WANT THEM TO GO BACK TO WORKAS SOON AS THEY ARE ABLE TO GOBACK TO WORK.AND THAT'S WHAT OUR ECONOMYNEEDS TO BE STRONG.I WOULD NOTE AGAIN THAT I POSEDA QUESTION TO THE SENATOR OFILLINOIS, WOULD HE TAKE AMODIFICATION THAT ACKNOWLEDGEDTHE ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS BUTSAID THIS IS THE PRINCIPLE WESHOULD FOLLOW, THAT YOUSHOULDN'T BE PAID MORE NOT TOWORK THAN YOU ARE PAID TO WORK,AND THE SENATOR FROM ILLINOISDIDN'T ANSWER THAT.MR. DURBIN: WILL THE SENATORYIELD FOR A QUESTION?DOES THE SENATOR SUPPORT THETRUMP ADMINISTRATION'S CASHPAYMENT TO THESE FAMILIES WHICHCOMES TO THEM WHETHER THEY WORKOR NOT?MR. CRUZ: I DO, I'M GOING TOVOTE FOR IT, BUT IT DOESN'TCREATE AN INCENTIVE, BECAUSEIT'S NOT -- THIS IS WHERE TOOMANY IN THE DEMOCRATIC PARTYDON'T UNDERSTAND THE INCENTIVESOF TRAPPING PEOPLE OUT OF WORK.INCENTIVES ARE FUTURE LOOKING.SENDING THESE CHECKS RIGHT NOW,IF YOU ARE MAKING -- IF YOU MAKE$75,000 OR LESS, YOU ARE GOINGTO GET A CHECK IN THE MAIL INTHE NEXT COUPLE OF WEEKS.THAT'S HELP AND RELIEF, BUT ITDOESN'T CREATE AN INCENTIVE FORCONDUCT TOMORROW.WHAT I DON'T WANT IS PEOPLE TOBE SITTING THERE MAKING ACHOICE.MAKE A VERY RATIONAL CHOICE.LOOK, IF YOU'RE SITTING THEREAND SAYING, GOSH, I CAN MAKE ALOT MORE MONEY STAYING AT HOMEWITH MY KIDS AND NOT WORKINGTHAN IF I GO BACK TO THE JOB,THAT'S NOT AN IRRATIONALDECISION IF YOU ARE MAKING 28BUCKS AN HOUR TO STAY AT HOME.WE'RE CAUSING THAT PROBLEM IFWE'RE INCENTIVIZING PEOPLE NOTTO WORK, AND THAT'S NOTULTIMATELY IN THEIR INTERESTS ORIN THE ECONOMY'S INTEREST.THIS IS HURTING WORKERS, TO PAYTHEM MORE NOT TO WORK THAN THEYWOULD MAKE IF THEY WERE WORKING.I DON'T THINK PRESIDENT TRUMP'SCASH PAYMENT AR AN ADDITIONAL$1,000 ANOINTS OR WHATEVER IT ISUNDER THE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITIS GOING TO TO MAKE A WORKERLAYS DID I ANDGOVERNMENT-DEPENDENT.THESE ARE NOT THE PEOPLE I KNOW.NIECE ARE PEOPLE WHO GET UP ANDWORK HARD EVERY DARN DAY.IF THEY GET AN EXTRA HELPINGHAND OUT OF THIS, SO BE IT.WE'RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH AHEALTH CRISIS AND HELP THESEFAMILIES GET THROUGH IT.THAT'S WHERE WE STARTED ON THISSIDE.AISLE.WE MAY TALK ABOUT SOMETHING INTHE FUTURE AND APPROACH IT ALITTLE DIFFERENTLY, BUT I DON'TTHINK IT MAKES THEM LAYS DID ITO RECEIVE THE PRESIDENT'S CASHPAYMENT OR TO RECEIVE AN EXTRAPAYMENT FROM THIS UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFIT.MR. CRUZ: SO, WITH RESPECT,THE SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS ISSUGGESTING THIS IS SOMEHOW SOMENEGATIVE MORAL JUDGMENT, THAT ITMAKES THEM LAYS DID I.EXACTLY THE CONTRARY.I SAY PEOPLE BEHAVE BORG TONATIONAL INCENTIVES R LOOK, OURGIRLS ARE 11 AND 8 AT HOME.WE HAVE INCENTIVES ALL THE TIME.POSITIVE INCENTIVES, NEGATIVEINCENTIVES.INCENTIVES WORK.WE DO WANT TO CREATE A SYSTEMWHERE SOMEONE BEING PERFECTLYRATIONAL AND REASONABLE CAN SAY,GOSH, I CAN MAKE A LOT MOREMONEY FOR MY FAMILY STAYING HOMETHAN I CAN GO TO WORK.IF I GO TO WORK, MY FAMILY MAKESLESS MONEY.THAT'S A QUESTION OF THEGOVERNMENT IS PUTTING ME IN APOSITION WHERE IF I WANT TO CAREFOR MY KIDS, I CAN DO A BETTERJOB OF THAT BY STAYING HOME.THAT IS REALLY FOOLISH, ANDTHAT, UNFORTUNATELY, IS THEPOSITION RIGHT NOW OF WHAT IEXPECT TO BE THE DEMOCRATICSENATORS WHO WILL VOTE NO ONTHIS.THAT IS A BAD POLICY FORWORKERS.IT'S A BAD POLICY FOR SMALLBUSINESSES.IT'S A BAD POLICY FOR THEECONOMY.WE SHOULD SUPPORT JOBS, NOTPAYING PEOPLE NOT TO WORK.GIVE THEM A SAFETY NET, YES.GIVE THEM RELIEF, YES.BUT DON'T CREATE INCENTIVES THATMAKE THE PROBLEM WORSE, ANDTHAT'S WHAT THIS DEMOCRATICPOLICY WILL DO.I YIELD THE FLOOR.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM DELAWARE SPOKEFIRST.MR. CARPER: THANK YOU.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: AND HEIS RECOGNIZED.MR. CARPER: THANK YOU VERYMUCH.TO MY COLLEAGUES, I THINK THESENATOR FROM SOUTH CAROLINAKNOWS THAT IS I HAVE GREATRESPECT FOR HIM.I USED TO BE STATE TREASURER.I WAS ELECTED AT TENDER AGE OF29.WE HAD THE WORST CREDIT RATINGIN THE COUNTRY.WE COULDN'T BALANCE OUR BUDGETSTO SAVE OUR SOULS.WE HAD PRETTY MUCH NO MONEY INTHE UNINSURANCE FUND.OVER TIME WE STRAIGHTENED OUTOUR FINANCES.ELECTED A GUY NAMED PETEDuPONT AS OUR GOVERNOR.WE LETTERED HOW TO WORKTOGETHER, SOMETHING WE CALLEDTHE DELAWARE WAY.AND LATER ON I GOT TO BEGOVERNOR, SUCCEEDED MIKE CASTLE,BUT I WAS VERY ACTIVE IN THENATIONAL GOVERNORS ASSOCIATION.EVEN LET ME BE CHAIRMAN FOR AWHILE.I WAS THE LEAD DEMOCRATICGOVERNOR ON WELFARE REFORM WHENI WAS A MEMBER OF THE NATIONALGOVERNORS ASSOCIATION.I WAS RAISED IN A COAL MININGTOWN IN WEST VIRGINIA.WE -- PARENTS, NOT MUCH MONEY,DEEP FAITH, HARD WORK.AND MY DAD USED TO SAY TO MYSISTER AND ME, I DON'T CARE IFYOU HAVE TO WORK THREE JOBS TOPAY YOUR BILLS.WORK THREE JOBS.THAT'S REALLY THE WAY I WASRAISED.AND I SUSPECT MOST OF US HEREWERE RAISED THAT WAY.STRONG WORTH ETHIC.WHEN I WAS INVOLVED AS THE LEADDEMOCRATIC SENATOR ON WELFAREREFORM, I USED TO SAY PEOPLEOUGHT TO BE BETTER OFF WORKINGTHAN THEY ARE ON WELFARE.BILL CLINTON SAID THAT OFTEN.I REALLY BELIEVE THAT.THE THING THAT WAS WRONG WITHOUR WELFARE SYSTEM IS PEOPLEWERE ACTUALLY BETTER 0 OFSTAYING HOME THAN THEY WEREWORKING.KIND OF SAME PRINCIPLE WE'RETALKING ABOUT HERE.EVERY STATE HAS ITS OWNUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE FUND.WE HAVE ONE IN DELAWARE.WE HAVE ONE IN NEBRASKA, ONE INTEXAS, ONE IN ILLINOIS.THEY'RE DIFFERENT, AND DIFFERENTBENEFITS ARE CALCULATED INDIFFERENT STATES.AND IN DELAWARE, THE -- I JUSTGOT OFF THE PHONE, COLLEAGUES,WITH A FELLOW NAMED SIRHAN COBB.HE IS NOW SECRETARY OF LABOR.I SAID, SIRHAN -- MR. SECRETARY,WHAT DO WE PAY PEOPLE INDELAWARE ON UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE?WHAT'S THE REPLACEMENT RATE?HE SAYS IT'S SOMEWHERE BETWEEN25% AND 50% OF WHAT PEOPLE WEREEARNING.BUT HE SAID, THERE IS A $400 CAPPER MONTH -- OR PER WEEK.A $400 CAP PER WEEK ON THEBENEFITS THAT WE WILL PAYANYBODY, REGARDLESS OF WHAT THEYWERE MAKING.$400 A WEEK.AND IF YOU THINK ABOUT IT, $400A WEEK FOR FOUR WEEKS IS LIKE$1,600 A MONTH.ADD TO THAT THE $600 BENEFIT ANDWE'RE TALKING ABOUT $2,200 PERMONS.IF SOMEBODY IS WORKING FULL-TIME-- EXCUSE ME, BUT IF YOU ADD THENUMBERS, IF YOU ADD THE NUMBERS,I'M NOT SURE WE END UP WITH $24PER HOUR IN DELAWARE.IT MIGHT BE THE CASE, BUT IWOULD HAVE TO SEE THOSE NUMBERS.MY SECRETARY OF LABOR SAID HETHOUGHT THAT THE NUMBER THATWE'RE LOOKING AT HERE WASSOMETHING LIKE $13 AN HOUR INDELAWARE WHEN YOU ADD IT ALL INAS OPPOSED TO $24.SO WE'LL GO BACK -- I'LL GO BACKAND DO OUR MATH.MR. SASSE: WILL THE GENTLEMANYIELD?MR. CARPER: HAPPY TO YIELD.MR. SASSE: I DON'T THINK ANYOF US BELIEVE THAT A MATH DEBATEIS THE MOST PRODUCTIVE WAY TOSPEND OUR TIME IN THE SENATE.BUT $400, ADD $600, IS $1,000 AWEEK.THAT'S $25 AN HOUR IN A 40-HOURWEEK.I DON'T KNOW HOW I EXPLAIN THAT,THAT YOU'RE NOW GOING TO THE PAYTHEM $25 IF THEY BECOMEUNINSURED.THE SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS SAIDTHIS IS A PROGRAM ONLY FORPEOPLE WHO ARE INVOLUNTARILYSEPARATED.IF THAT'S THE WAY THE PROGRAMWORKED, IT WOULD BE GREAT.BUT EVERYBODY KNOWS THAT'S NOTHOW IT WORKS.HOW IT ACTUALLY WORKS IS ONCEYOU CREATE A DISINCENTIVE TOWORK, EMPLOYERS REGULARLY WORKWITH EMPLOYEES TO SAY, I KIND OFWOULD LIKE TO DRIVE YOU OFF THESYSTEM.I THINK YOU SHOULD REALIZE THISWOULD BE BETTER FOR YOU IF YOUCASUALIZE IT.THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT HAPPENS.MR. CARPER: I'LL GO BACK ANDREENGAGE IN OUR SECRETARY OFLABOR AND MAKE SURE WE HAVE OURMATHREAVEMENT THE OTHER POINT HEMADE.I ASKED HIM HOW HARD WOULD IT BETO ADMINISTER?IS IT SOMETHING WE COULD STANDUP IN A COUPLE OF WEEKS ORMONTHS?HE SAID THIS WAS WOULD NOT BE ANEASY THING ADMINISTRATIVELY TODO.AND AT A TIME WHEN WE'RE ANXIOUSTO GET THE BENEFIT OUT THE DOORNUCLEAR A HURRY, THIS WOULD NOTBE EASY.ONE OF THE PEOPLE I TALKED TOLAST WEEK WHEN WE WERE TRYING TOFIGURE OUT REALLY WHAT KIND OFBIG PACKAGE -- LEGISLATIVEPACKAGE NUMBER THREE SHOULD BE,LEON PANETTA IS ONE OF THEPEOPLE I TALKED TO.HE TOLD ME ABOUT THE THREE "T'S"-- TIMELY, TARGETED, ANDTEMPORARY.THOSE ARE THE THREE THAT HETALKED ABOUT.AND TIMELY MEANS LIKE MAKINGSURE WE FIGURE, CALCULATE THEDEFINED BENEFIT BUT BE ABLE TOTURN APPEARED AND MAY IT IN ATIMELY WAY.AND WHAT I GATHERED FROM MYSECRETARY OF LABOR IS WE'RE NOTGOING TO BE ABLE TO INCORPORATEWHAT THEY'RE DOING AT THE STATELEVEL.FEED INTO THAT THE FEDERALBENEFIT INTO A TIMELY WAY.I THINK IF WE COULD DO THAT,YOU'D HAVE PROBABLY A FAIRAMOUNT OF BIPARTISAN SUPPORT.BUT IT'S THAT DELAY AND WE JUSTDON'T KNOW HOW LONG THAT DELAYWOULD BE.THIS IS -- TED KENNEDY USED TOSIT BEHIND ME WHEN I FIRST CAMETO THE SENATE.AND I KNEW SOME SENATORS -- DICKDURBIN, HE AND I SERVED IN THEHOUSE TOGETHER.OTHER PEOPLE HAD BEEN GOVERNORSTOGETHER.I DIDN'T KNOW TED KENNEDY.I SAID I'M NEW HERE IN THESENATE.I DON'T KNOW YOU VERY WELL.WHAT I WAS DOING WAS GOING TOMEET WITH -- HAVE A CUP OFCOFFEE WITH THE SENATORS IDIDN'T KNOW WELL.AND I ASKED IF I COULD MAYBEHAVE A CUP OF COFFEE WITH HIM.HE SAID, WE'LL DO BETTER THANTHAT.COME TO MY HIDEAWAY AND WE'LLHAVE LUNCH TOGETHER.I SAID, THAT'S GREAT.TWO WEEKS LATER WE HAD LUNCHTOGETHER.AND HIS HIDEAWAY WAS LIKE AKENNEDY MUSEUM.AN AMAZING PLACE.I ASKED HIM, HOW IS IT THAT SOMANY REPUBLICANS HERE WANT YOU,TED KENNEDY, THE MOST LIBERALDEMOCRAT MAYBE WE HAD AT THETIME, HOW MANY -- THEY WANT YOUTO BE THEIR LEAD COSPONSOR ONTHEIR BILLS?WHY IS THAT?HE SAID I'M ALWAYS WILLING TOCOMPROMISE ON POLICY, NEVERWILLING TO COMPROMISE ONPRINCIPLE.I THINK THAT THE POLICY HERE ISTHAT WHEN PEOPLE ARE UNEMPLOYEDAND THEY NEED HELP, WE WANT TOHELP THEM, WE HELP THEM IN ATIMELY WAY.MR. CRUZ: WOULD THE SENATORYIELD FOR A QUESTION?MR. CARPER: LET ME FINISH MYTHOUGHT AND I'D BE HAD AESPECIALLY TO.BUT, IN A TIMELY WAY.AND I'M JUST CONCERNED -- SECONDCONCERN ALONG WITH MY FIRSTCONCERN.AIM JUST CONCERNED THAT THE IDEATO DEAL WITH THIS IN A TIMELYWAY IS GOING TO BE DIMINISHED,MAYBE SIGNIFICANTLY.WE JUST HONESTLY DON'T KNOW.I AM HAPPY TO YIELD.MR. CRUZ: A QUESTION FOR THESENATOR.YOU SAID THAT YOU WERE CONCERNEDABOUT IMPLEMENTATION, THAT IS ITMAY NOT BE TIMELY AT THE STATELEVEL TO IMPLEMENT THIS.I THINK JUST PRIOR TO WHEN YOUCAME TO THE FLOOR I SUGGESTED APOSSIBLE AMENDMENT TO THESENATOR FROM NEBRASKA'SAMENDMENT THAT WOULD ADD AQUALIFIER OR SOMETHING LIKE TOTHE BEST EXTENT PRACTICAL, SO ITDOESN'T SLOW THE PROGRAM DOWN,BUT IT ACKNOWLEDGES THAT BOTHTHE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND THESTATES SHOULD ENDEAVOR TOIMPLEMENT THIS IN A WAY THATENSURES PEOPLE DON'T GET PAIDMORE NOT TO WORK THAN TO WORK,AND SO IT PUTS A QUALIFIER.NOW, YOU JUST SUGGESTED THEREMIGHT BE BIPARTISAN AGREEMENT.WOULD THE SENATOR FROM DELAWAREBE AMENABLE TO SUCH A CHANGE?MR. CARPER: I WOULD BE HAPPYTO DISCUSS THAT WITH YOU ONLINEAND BE BETTER ABLE TO UNDERSTANDIT.I WASN'T HERE WHAT YOU SPOKE.I YIELD THE FLOOR.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM MICHIGAN.MR. PETERS: THANK YOU, MR.PRESIDENT.FOR OVER 200 YEARS THE AMERICANPEOPLE HAVE SHOWN RESILIENCE INTHE FACE OF GREAT CHALLENGES,FROM CIVIL WARS, TOINTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS AND,YES, PANDEMICS.WE HAVE FACED THESE CHALLENGESUNITED AND WITH RESOLVE.LIKE THE CHALLENGES OF THE PAST,THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS PANDEMICIS A CRISIS THAT TOGETHER WE CANAND WE WILL OVERCOME.AS THE CASES OF COVID-19INCREASE EACH DAY, MY TOPPRIORITY IS PROTECTING THEHEALTH AND THE SAFETY OFMICHIGANDERS AND PEOPLE ALLACROSS THIS NATION.THERE'S NO DOUBT WE'RE FACING ANUNPRECEDENTED PUBLIC HEALTHEMERGENCY AND AN ECONOMIC CRISISAT THE SAME TIME.FAMILIES IN MY STATE OF MICHIGANAND AMERICANS ALL ACROSS THISCOUNTRY ARE WORRIED ABOUT THEIRHEALTH AND THEIR SAFETY ANDWHETHER OR NOT THEY'RE GOING TOBE ABLE TO MAKE ENDS MEET DURINGTHIS EMERGENCY.WE MUST ACT QUICKLY TO PROVIDERELIEF FOR STRUGGLING FAMILIESAND SMALL BUSINESSES AND HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS.AND EVEN AS WE MOVE WITH THEURGENCY THAT THIS DIFFICULT TIMEDEMANDS, WE MUST ENSURE THATTHIS BILL IS DONE RIGHT AND THATWE'RE GETTING THE RIGHT HELP TOTHE PEOPLE WHO NEED IT THE MOST.WE MUST ACT AGGRESSIVELY AND NOWWE MUST DO EVERYTHING TO PROVIDERELIEF TO WORKERS AND FAMILIESIN MICHIGAN AND ACROSS THECOUNTRY.AMERICANS ARE FACING ANUNPRECEDENTED PERSONAL HEALTHAND FINANCIAL CHALLENGE.WORKERS IN MY HOME STATE OFMICHIGAN, WHO ARE FORCED TO STAYHOME FROM WORK DUE TO THECORONAVIRUS, SHOULDN'T NEED TOWORRY ABOUT WHETHER OR NOT THEYCAN PAY THEIR BILLS OR PUT FOODON THEIR TABLE.THAT'S WHY I AUTHOREDLEGISLATION THAT'S INCLUDED INTHIS PACKAGE BEFORE THE SENATETO EXPAND UNEMPLOYMENTASSISTANCE.WE'VE NEVER HAD UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS IN RESPONSE TO A PUBLICHEALTH CRISIS, BUT WE HAVE NEVERSEEN AN EMERGENCY ON THE SCALEOF WHAT WE ARE SEEING RIGHT NOW.WE MUST SUPPORT WORKERS WHO ARENOT RECEIVING A PAYCHECK OR HAVEBEEN LAID OFF DUE TOCORONAVIRUS.THAT'S WHY I FOUGHT TO CREATE ANUNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATIONPROGRAM TO PROVIDE FEDERALLYFUNDED BENEFITS TO PEOPLE WHOARE UNABLE TO WORK DURING THISPANDEMIC.IT WOULD EXPAND UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS TO WORKERS WHO HAVEEXHAUSTED THEIR STATEUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS, AND ITWOULD MAKE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITSAVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WHO DON'TUSUALLY QUALIFY, INCLUDING SMALLBUSINESS OWNERS, FREELANCEWRITERS AND WORKERS, INDEPENDENTCONTRACTORS, SEASONAL WORKERS,AND PEOPLE WHO HAVE RECENTLYSTARTED OR WERE ABOUT TO START ANEW JOB.AND IT PROVIDES WORKERS WITHEXTENDED UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCESO THAT HARDWORKING FAMILIES CANHAVE SOME CERTAINTY THAT THEYCAN STAY AFLOAT FINANCIALLYDURING THIS CRISIS THAT ISLIKELY TO LAST A WHILE.OUR SMALL BUSINESSES HAVE BEENHIT ESPECIALLY HARD, AND SOMEARE AT RISK OF HAVING TO CLOSETHEIR DOORS OR LAY OFF THEIREMPLOYEES.OUR SMALL BUSINESSES ARE THEBACKBONE OF OUR ECONOMY AND THEYNEED SUPPORT NOW MORE THAN EVER.THAT'S WHY I WORKED WITH MYCOLLEAGUES ON THE SMALL BUSINESSCOMMITTEE TO CRAFT LEGISLATIONTO EXPAND FUNDING AVAILABLE FORSMALL BUSINESS LOANS, AND AS ARESULT OF THOSE EFFORTS, THISPACKAGE NOW INCREASES THEFUNDING FOR THE POPULAR ANDSUCCESSFUL 7-A SMALL BUSINESSLOANS TO $350 BILLION.I ALSO PRESSED FOR ADDITIONALFUNDING, $240 MILLION, FOR SMALLBUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CENTERS ANDWOMEN'S BUSINESS CENTERS THATINCREASE THE FUNDING FORMINORITY BUSINESS CENTERS ASWELL.THESE FUNDS WILL GO A LONG WAYTOWARD HELPING SMALL BUSINESSESPAY THEIR RENT AND KEEP THEIRLIGHTS ON.THIS LEGISLATION ALSO INCLUDESSIGNIFICANTLY MORE FUNDING THATWILL GO TO OUR HOSPITALS ANDHEALTH CARE SYSTEM.THIS FUNDING WILL ENSURE THATOUR OVERSTRETCHED HOSPITALS CANMAKE UP FOR LOST REVENUE, KEEPTHEIR DOORS OPEN, AND MAKEPAYROLL FOR THE DEDICATEDNURSES, DOCTORS, AND HEALTH CAREPROFESSIONALS WHO ARE ON THEFRONT LINES FIGHTING DAY IN ANDDAY OUT TO STOP THIS PANDEMIC.I'VE BEEN WORKING CLOSELY WITHTHE HOSPITALS AND HEALTH CAREPROVIDERS IN MICHIGAN, AND THEYCANNOT STRESS HOW CRITICAL THISFUNDING IS TO THEIR ABILITY TOCONTINUE PROVIDING THE CARE ANDCOMFORT DURING THIS PANDEMIC.I WILL KEEP FIGHTING TO ENSURETHAT THEY HAVE THE RESOURCES,THE SUPPLIES, THE GLOVES, THEMASKS, AND THE MEDICAL EQUIPMENTTHAT THEY NEED TO PROTECTTHEMSELVES AND THEIR PATIENTSFROM CORONAVIRUS.FINALLY, AS THE RANKING MEMBEROF THE HOMELAND SECURITY ANDGOVERNMENT AFFAIRS COMMITTEE, IWORK CLOSELY WITH CHAIRMAN RONJOHNSON TO ENSURE THAT THISLEGISLATION HAS STRONG OVERSIGHTPROVISIONS IN PLACE.WE MUST ENSURE THAT THE FUNDS WEARE AUTHORIZING OR GOING TO THEPEOPLE -- ARE GOING TO THEPEOPLE, THE SMALL BUSINESSES,AND THE HEALTH CARE PROVIDERSWHO NEED THEM THE MOST.OUR OVERSIGHT PROVISION CREATESA PANDEMIC RESPONSEACCOUNTABILITY COMMITTEE, ABOARD THAT IS MADE UP OF AGENCYWATCHDOGS WOULD WILL BE CHARGEDWITH AUDITING AND INVESTIGATINGTHE ADMINISTRATION'S CORONAVIRUSRESPONSE EFFORTS AND HOWAMERICANS' HARD EARNED TAXDOLLARS ARE BEING USED TOADDRESS THIS SERIOUS CRISIS.WE ARE ALSO REQUIRING THEGOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABLE OFFICE TOAUDIT WHERE THESE FUNDS AREGOING AND KEEP CONGRESS AND THEAMERICAN PEOPLE UP TO DATETHROUGH REAL TIME PUBLICLYAVAILABLE REPORTS.THIS MODEL WAS USED TOSUCCESSFULLY TRACK SPENDING FROMTHE 2009 RECOVERY ACT DURING THEGREAT RECESSION.AND I WAS PROUD TO WORK WITH MYREPUBLICAN CHAIRMAN TO GET THISIMPORTANT ACCOUNTABILITY MEASUREINCLUDED IN THIS BILL.THIS BILL IS AN IMPORTANT STEPFORWARD TO ADDRESSING THISCRISIS HEAD-ON AND ENSURE OURNATION CAN GET BACK ON TRACKONCE WE HAVE ADDRESSED THESERIOUS PUBLIC HEALTH THREAT ANDTHE RESULTING ECONOMIC CRISIS ASWELL.IT'S AN IMPORTANT STEP BUT IT'SNOT THE LAST ACTION WE'LL NEEDTO TAKE BEFORE THIS PANDEMIC ISOVER.I'M GOING TO DO EVERYTHINGPOSSIBLE TO CONTINUE WORKINGWITH MY COLLEAGUES IN ABIPARTISAN MANNER TO ENSUREMICHIGAN COMMUNITIES ANDFAMILIES HAVE THE RESOURCES ANDTHE SUPPORT THAT THEYDESPERATELY NEED.I WILL ALSO CONTINUE WORKINGCLOSELY WITH MICHIGAN GOVERNORGRETCHEN WHITMER.IT WHETHER CONTINUE TO TAKE EACHAND EVERY ONE OF US DOING OURPART AND WORKING TOGETHER TOPREVENT THE SPREAD OF THISPANDEMIC, PROTECT PUBLIC HEALTHAND CONTINUE TO ADDRESS THISECONOMIC CRISIS.TOGETHER, MR. PRESIDENT, I KNOWTHAT WE WILL GET THROUGH THISAND WE WILL COME OUT STRONGER ONTHE OTHER SIDE.I YIELD THE FLOOR.A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM VERMONT.MR. SANDERS: THANK YOU.MR. PRESIDENT, LET ME BE VERYHONEST AND TELL YOU THAT THEREIS MUCH IN THIS BILL AND WE HAVENOT YET SEEN THE PRINTOUT YET,BUT I AM CONCERNED ABOUT, I'MESPECIALLY CONCERNED THAT THEADMINISTRATION WILL BE ABLE TOEXPEND $500 BILLION IN VIRTUALLYANY WAY THEY WANT, ANYCORPORATION THEY WANT WITHVIRTUALLY NO STRINGS ATTACHED.THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AT A TIME OFMASSIVE INCOME AND WEALTHINEQUALITY DO NOT WANT MORECORPORATE WELFARE AND THEY DONOT WANT POLICIES WHICH WILLALLOW CORPORATIONS IN SOME CASESTO RECEIVE LOANS OR GRANTS ANDTHEN DO STOCK BUYBACKS TO ENRICHTHEIR STOCKHOLDERS, PROVIDEDIVIDENDS OR MAYBE RAISE THECOMPENSATION BENEFITS OF THEIRALREADY WEALTHY C.E.O.'S.WHAT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WANTRIGHT NOW IS FOR US TO USE OURTAXPAYER DOLLARS IN EVERY WAYTHAT WE CAN TO PROTECT THEWORKING FAMILIES OF THISCOUNTRY, PROTECT THE MIDDLECLASS, TO PROTECT THE 50% OF OURPEOPLE WHO ARE LIVING PAYCHECKTO PAYCHECK.AND AS WE SPEAK TONIGHT, HALF OFOUR PEOPLE IN THIS COUNTRY, THERICHEST COUNTRY IN THE HISTORYOF THE WORLD, ARE LIVINGPAYCHECK TO PAYCHECK.AND THEY WAKE UP IN THE MORNINGAND THEY'RE SAYING, YOU KNOWWHAT?I CAN BARELY MAKE IT ON THEPAYCHECK THAT I GOT BECAUSE I'MMAKING $12, 13, 14 BUCKS AN HOURAND NOW THAT HAS STOPPED.HOW AM I GOING TO PAY MY RENT,HOW AM I GOING TO PUT FOOD ONTHE TABLE, MAKE SURE THE LIGHTSREMAIN ON.HOW AM I GOING TO PAY MY STUDENTDEBT?HOW AM I GOING TO PAY MY CREDITCARD DEBT?SOMEBODY IN THE FAMILY GETSSICK, HOW AM I GOING TO PAYTHAT?NOW, THIS BILL HAS BEEN WORKEDON CITIZENSIVELY IN THE LAST --EXTENSIVELY IN THE LAST FEWDAYS.THERE ARE ELEMENTS IN IT THAT INMY VIEW ARE POSITIVE, DON'T GOFAR ENOUGH BY ANY MEANS.BUT ONE OF THE THINGS THIS BILLDOES DO SL PROVIDE THE -- DO ISPROVIDE THE LARGEST EXPANSION OFUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS INHISTORY, EXPENDING ABOUT $250BILLION OF FEDERAL FUNDS.AND WHAT IT DOES IMPORTANTLY,THE BILL UNDERSTANDS THAT FORALL KINDS OF ABSURD REASONSHAVING TO DO REPUBLICAN ATTACKSON WORKERS FOR MANY YEARS, FEWERTHAN 50% OF AMERICAN WORKERSTODAY ARE ELIGIBLE FORUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS.WHAT THIS BILL DOES IS IT SAYSRIGHTLY SO THAT IN THE MIDST OFTHIS TERRIBLE ECONOMIC CRISISWHERE SOME PEOPLE, NOBODY KNOWS-- WHERE SOME ECONOMISTS AREESTIMATING BY JUNE, UNEMPLOYMENTCOULD BE 20%, 30%.WHAT THIS BILL DOES SAY ISWHETHER OR NOT YOU ARE ELIGIBLEFOR UNEMPLOYMENT TODAY, YOU'REGOING TO GET UNTIL EMPLOYMENTCOMPENSATION.AND THAT MEANS MANY OF THE GIGWORKERS, PEOPLE THAT DRIVE UBERCARS, MANY OF THE WAITRESSES ANDWAITERS WHO MAKE STARVATION-MINIMUM WAGES, MANYSO-CALLED INDEPENDENTCONTRACTORS, THEY WILL BEELIGIBLE FOR THE EXTENDEDUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT.THAT IS EXACTLY THE RIGHT THING.AND THE OTHER THING THAT THISBILL DOES WHICH IS RIGHT IS ITSAYS OKAY, WE ARE IN THE MIDSTOF A HORRIFIC CRISIS, UNPRESSDEFNTSED IN MODERN --UNPRECEDENTED IN MODERN AMERICANHISTORY.NOT ONLY ARE YOU GOING TO GETYOUR REGULAR UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFIT, WE'RE GOING TO ATANOTHER -- TO ADD ANOTHER $600 AWEEK TO IT.AND NOW I FIND THAT SOME OF MYREPUBLICAN COLLEAGUES ARE VERYDISTRESSED.THEY'RE VERY UPSET THAT SOMEBODYWHO IS MAKING 10, 12 BUCKS ANHOUR MIGHT END UP WITH APAYCHECK FOR FOUR MONTHS MORETHAN THEY RECEIVED LAST WEEK.OH, MY GOD, THE UNIVERSE ISCOLLAPSING.IMAGINE THAT.SOMEBODY IS MAKING 12 BUCKS ANHOUR, NOW LIKE THE REST OF USFACES AN UNPRECEDENTED ECONOMICCRISIS WITH THE600 BUCKS ON --THE 600 BUCKS ON TOP OF THEIRNORMAL UNEMPLOYMENT CHECK MIGHTBE MAKING A FEW BUCKS MORE FORFOUR MONTHS.OH, MY WORD.WILL THE UNIVERSE SURVIVE?HOW ABSURD AND WRONG IS THAT?WHAT KIND OF VALUE SYSTEM ISTHAT?MEANWHILE, THESE VERY SAME FOLKSHAD NO PROBLEM A COUPLE OF YEARSAGO VOTING FOR A TRILLIONDOLLARS IN TAX BREAKS FORBILLIONAIRES AND LARGEPROFITABLE CORPORATIONS.NOT A PROBLEM.BUT WHEN IT COMES TO LOW-INCOMEWORKERS IN THE MIDST OF ATERRIBLE CRISIS, MAYBE SOME OFTHEM EARNING OR HAVING MOREMONEY THAN THEY PREVIOUSLY MADE,OH, MY WORD, WE'VE GOT TO STRIPTHAT OUT.GOT TO TELL THOSE POOR PEOPLE --BY THE WAY, WHEN THE McCONNELLBILL FIRST CAME UP UNBELIEVABLYAND I KNOW MANY REPUBLICANSOBJECTED TO THIS, THEY WERESAYING THAT WELL, WE WANT TOGIVE -- WHATEVER IT WAS -- ATHOUSAND OR 1200 BUCKS BUT POORPEOPLE SHOULD GET LESS BECAUSEPOOR PEOPLE ARE DOWN HERE.THEY DON'T DESERVE -- THEY DON'TEAT.THEY DON'T PAY RENT.THEY DON'T GO TO THE DOCTOR.THEY'RE SOMEHOW INFERIOR BECAUSETHEY'RE POOR, GOING TO GIVE THEMLESS.THAT WAS ADDRESSED.NOW EVERYBODY IS GOING TO GETTHE $1,200.BUT SOME OF MY REPUBLICANFRIENDS STILL HAVEN'T GIVEN UPON THE NEED TO PUNISH THE POORAND WORKING PEOPLE.YOU HAVEN'T RAISED THE MINIMUMWAGE IN TEN YEARS.MINIMUM WAGE SHOULD BE AT LEAST15 BUCKS AN HOUR.YOU HAVEN'T DONE THAT.YOU'VE CUT PROGRAM AFTER PROGRAMAFTER PROGRAM AND NOW HORROR OFHORRORS FOR FOUR MONTHS WORKERSMIGHT BE EARNING A FEW BUCKSMORE THAN THEY OTHERWISE WENT.NEEDLESS TO SAY THIS IS ANAMENDMENT THAT'S COMING UP.I DON'T THINK IT'S GOING TO GOVERY FAR AND IF IT DOES GO FAR,I WILL INTRODUCE AN AMENDMENT TODEAL WITH THE CORPORATE WELFARE,THE $500 BILLION IN CORPORATEWELFARE WHICH IS TO ME A VERYSERIOUS PROBLEM.BUT I DO NOT THINK THEY'RE GOINGTO GET THE 60 VOTES AND TAKEWILL BE THE END OF IT.MR. PRESIDENT, THIS BILL ALSOINCLUDES SOME $250 BILLION INONE-TIME CHECKS OF $1,200 FORADULTS AND DID 500 FOR -- AND$500 FOR KIDS.I HAVE A COUPLE OF CONCERNS.NUMBER ONE, I HAVE BELIEF THATIN THE MIDST OF THISUNPRECEDENTED CRISIS, THAT WESHOULD MAKE THIS A MONTHLYBENEFIT, NOT A ONE TIME BENEFIT.AND DEPENDING ON WHAT HAPPENS,AND I EXPECT VERY MUCH THAT THISCONGRESS WILL BE RECONVENINGBECAUSE I THINK THIS CORONAVIRUSTHREE, THE BILL WE'RE ON RIGHTNOW, IS GOING TO BE SUPERSEDEDBY CORONAVIRUS FOUR.BECAUSE MY STRONG GUESS THISDOES NOT GO FAR ENOUGH.BUT THE BILL DOES INCLUDE $1,200CHECK FOR ADULT, $500 FOR KIDS.THAT WILL HELP IN THE SHORTTERM.WE'VE GOT TO DO A LOT BETTERTHAN THAT.AS MANY OF YOU KNOW, INCOUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD,U.K., DENMARK, OTHER COUNTRIES,THE APPROACH THAT THEY ARETAKING WHICH MAKES SENSE TO MEIS BASICALLY SAY TO EMPLOYERS,IF YOU KEEP YOUR WORKERS ON THEJOB, EVEN IF THEY'RE NOT WORKINGRIGHT NOW, WE WILL PAY.IN THE U.K.'S CASE, 80% OF THEIRSALARY.OTHER COUNTRIES A BIT HIGHER.I THINK THAT IS THE DIRECTION WESHOULD HAVE GONE.THIS IS A LITTLE BIT MORECONVOLUTED.BUT WHAT WE DO DO HERE IS GIVE$367 BILLION IN LOANS TO SMALLBUSINESSES AND THOSE LOANS COULDBE FORGIVEN IF THOSE SMALLBUSINESSES DON'T LAY OFFWORKERS.AND I THINK FOR A VARIETY OFREASONS THAT IS EXACTLY THERIGHT THING TO DO.THE GOAL RIGHT NOW IS TOSTABILIZE THE ECONOMY BY TELLINGWORKERS THAT THEY WILL HAVETHEIR JOBS WHEN THEY COME BACK,WHEN THIS THING IS OVER, ANDTHAT IN THE MEANTIME, THEY WILLHAVE ALL OR MOST OF THEIRINCOME.THAT IS MY PREFERRED APPROACH.THIS BILL PROVIDES $150 BILLIONTO STATES AND CITIES.I CAN TELL YOU THAT IN VERMONT,AND I'M SURE IN EVERY OTHERSTATE IN THIS COUNTRY, STATESAND CITIES ARE HURTING BECAUSEWE ALL KNOW THERE HAS BEEN AMAJOR DECLINE IN TAX REVENUE.AND THAT IS AN IMPORTANT THINGTO DO BECAUSE -- BY THE WAY, INTHE MIDST OF THIS CRISIS, A LOTOF THE RESPONSIBILITY IS GOINGTO FALL ON LOCAL AND STATEGOVERNMENT.AND ONE OF THE CONCERNS OF MANYTHAT I HAVE ABOUT THIS BILL ISTHAT IN THE BEST OF TIMES, THISBILL REQUIRES AN ENORMOUS AMOUNTOF WORK BY THE FEDERAL, STATE,AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.HOW DO YOU GET ALL THESEUNEMPLOYMENT CHECKS OUT?HOW DO YOU DEAL WITH ALL OFTHESE SMALL BUSINESSES WHO MAYAPPLY FOR THESE LOANS?THIS IS HARD STUFF.AND IT BECOMES EVEN MOREDIFFICULT WHEN SO MANY WORKERSHO WORK FOR LOCAL AND STATEGOVERNMENT ARE NOT COMING INTOWORK BECAUSE OF THE CORONAVIRUS.ONE OF THE ISSUES THAT WE AREGOING TO HAVE TO FOCUS ON BIGTIME IS THE IMPLEMENTATION.IF ANYONE THINKS JUST PASSINGTHIS BILL TOMORROW EVERYTHING ISGOING TO FLOW SMOOTHLY, YOU ARETERRIBLY MISTAKEN.THIS IS A COMPLICATED, MULTIFASTCETTED -- MULTIFACETED BILL ANDIT IS GOING TO A AN ENORMOUSAMOUNT OF WORK TO MAKE SURE THEMONEY GOES WHERE IT SHOULD GO INA COST EFFECTIVE WAY.THIS BILL DOES A LOT OF OTHERTHINGS AS WELL THAT I THINK WILLHELP THE AMERICAN ECONOMY.SO TO CONCLUDE, MR. PRESIDENT,THIS IS NOT THE BILL THAT IWOULD HAVE WRITTEN, FRANKLY.I DON'T THINK IT'S THE BILL THATMOST AMERICANS WOULD HAVEWRITTEN.I THINK MOST AMERICANS ARE VERY,VERY APPREHENSIVE THATONE-QUARTER OF THIS BILL ISGOING TO GO TO LARGECORPORATIONS WITH VERY LITTLEACCOUNTABILITY.AND IN A POLITICAL SEASON, LETME MAKE THE RADICAL STHAWTION WEHAVE A PRESIDENT OF THE UNITEDSTATES WHO MAY END UP TARGETINGSOME OF THIS MONEY TO STATESTHAT HE NEEDS TO WIN.SO THIS BILL HAS SOME GOODTHINGS.IT HAS SOME ISSUES OF REALCONCERN.BUT ONE THING WE MUST NOT DO ISTO PUNISH LOW-INCOME WORKERS WHOMIGHT GET A FEW BUCKS MORE THANTHEY REVEL EARNED.THANK YOU VERY MUCH.MR. SASSE: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM NEBRASKA.MR. SASSE: I JUST LISTENED TOTHE SENATOR FROM VERMONT'SSPEECH.THERE'S OBVIOUSLY A LOT WE DON'TAGREE ON IN LIFE AND POLICY,POLITICS AND ECONOMICS.HE CARICATURED THE ENTIREPURPOSE OF THIS AMENDMENT.THE PURPOSE OF THIS AMENDMENTTONIGHT IS TO AFFIRM WORK.UNDER HIS VISION I DON'T KNOWEXACTLY WHERE HE THINKS THEWORKERS WHO STOCK SHELVES ANDDRIVE TRUCKS RIGHT NOW WOULDCOME FROM BECAUSE HE MADE ANARGUMENT ABOUT GOVERNMENTSUBSIDIES THAT WOULD BE ON APERMANENT BASIS HIGHER THAN THEWAGES OF ALL THOSE JOBS.I DON'T UNDERSTAND HOW HISECONOMIC SYSTEM WOULD ACTUALLYEVER WORK.I WOULD LIKE TO PRAISE HIM HERE.TWO THINGS, ONE, HE SAIDSOMETHING POLITICIANS DON'T SAY.WHEN PEOPLE WILL VOTE FORSOMETHING, THEY SAY IT'S UTOPIANAND DO EVERYTHING RIGHT.IF THEY VOTE AGAINST SOMETHING,THEY SAY IT'S THE WORSE THINGEVER WRITTEN.BERNIE SANDERS JUST SAID THATTHIS BILL HAS A LOT IN IT.IT'S BIG, CLUNKY.WE'RE IN THE MIDDLE OF ANATIONAL EMERGENCY AND THERE'SSOME GOOD AND SOME BAD IN IT ANDHE'S GOING TO VOTE FOR IT.I ALSO BELIEVE THIS BILL IS BIGAND CLUNKY AND STINKY.THERE'S A LOT THAT'S BROKEN INIT.THERE'S SOME THAT'S GOOD,NECESSARY, IMPORTANT AND THERE'SA LOT THAT'S BAD, POORLY THOUGHTOUT AND NOT GOING TO BEIMPLEMENTED VERY EFFECTIVELY.ON THAT I'M ALSO INCLINED TOVOTE FOR IT.II APPRECIATE HIS CANDOR INADMITTING THIS IS KIND OF A BIGCRAP SANDWICH.IN ADDITION, I WANT TO PRAISETHE SENATOR FROM VERMONT FOR HISCANDOR IN SAYING SOMETHING THATI TOTALLY OPPOSE, BUT IAPPRECIATE HIS INTEGRITY ANDHONESTY IN ADMITTING IT.HE SAID, I BELIEVE -- CORRECT MEIF I'M WRONG, SIR -- HE SAYS HEWISHES THE $1,200 EMERGENCYPAYMENT WOULD BE MADE MONTHLYAND PERMANENT.IS THAT RIGHT?MR. SANDERS: NO, NOT PERMANENT,BUT DURING THE CRISIS, YES.MR. SASSE: OKAY.THAT'S HELPFUL CLARIFICATION.YOU WERE SAYING A LOT OFDIFFERENT THINGS.I THOUGHT YOU WERE ARGUING FOR AU.B.I. OF 14 GRAND.I WANTED TO CLARIFY THAT POINT.I APPRECIATE THE FACT THAT YOUBELIEVE A LOT OF THINGS VERYDIFFERENTLY, THE SENATORBELIEVES, SPEAKING IN THE THIRDPERSON, A LOT OF THINGS VERYDIFFERENTLY, BUT HE ARGUESFORCEFULLY FOR HIS POSITION.I THINK THAT THIS BODY WOULDBENEFIT FROM NOR PEOPLE WHOSPOKE AS BLUNTLY AND DIRECTLY ASTHE SENATOR FROM VERMONT.I HOPE HIS POSITIONS ARE VOTEDDOWN AGAIN AND AGAIN AND AGAIN,BUT I APPRECIATE THE WAY HEARGUES FOR HIS POSITIONS.THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM OREGON.MR. WYDEN: MR. PRESIDENT,SEVERAL SENATORS ON THE OTHERSIDE HAVE BEEN ARGUING AGAINSTTHE PROVISION IN THIS BILL TOSUPER CHARGE UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE RIGHT NOW.SOME SAY THAT SENATE DEMOCRATSHAVE NEGOTIATED WITH THE TRUMPADMINISTRATION, SECRETARYMNUCHIN, AND CHAIRMAN GRASSLEY.BASED ON WHAT I'M HEARING FROMSENATORS ON THE OTHER SIDE,YOU'D THINK THAT THIS PROVISIONWAS PRETTY MUCH GOING TO ENDWESTERN CIVILIZATION.NOW, SUPER CHARGING UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS HAS LONG BEEN APRIORITY FOR SENATE DEMOCRATSTHAT HAVE BEEN FIGHTING FORTHOSE IMPROVEMENTS INUNEMPLOYMENT SINCE THE PROCESSBEGAN.IN OUR VIEW, IT'S THE KEY TOGETTING HELP TO WHERE.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM OREGON, WOULD YOUPLEASE USE YOUR MICROPHONE?MR. WYDEN: I THANK THEPRESIDENT.SUPERCHARGING UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS HAS LONG BEEN SOMETHINGSENATE DEMOCRATS HAVE BEENFIGHTING FOR.IT'S THE KEY TO GETTING HELPWHERE IT'S NEEDED MOST, ANDBELIEVE ME, COLLEAGUES, WHEN YOUSEE THE UNEMPLOYMENT CLAIMNUMBERS TOMORROW, IF THE NUMBERSARE ACCURATE, THIS CHAMBER ISGOING TO SEE THAT THEUNEMPLOYMENT CRISIS IS EXPLODINGIN AMERICA.I DON'T BELIEVE ANYBODY IN OURGREAT COUNTRY SHOULD FALL INTODESTITUTION AS A RESULT OF THISPANDEMIC, SO I OBVIOUSLYDISAGREE WITH MY COLLEAGUES WHOOPPOSE OUR AMENDMENT SO STRONGLYTO IMPROVE UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFITS.I JUST WANT TO MAKE A FEW KEYPOINTS IN RESPONSE TO THEIRARGUMENTS.FIRST, I WANT TO START WITH ANARGUMENT I HEARD THAT JUST ABOUTKNOCKED THE WIND OUT OF ME WHENI HEARD IT EARLIER.IT'S THE IDEA THAT NURSES AREGOING TO QUIT THEIR JOBS AS ARESULT OF THIS LEGISLATION.MR. PRESIDENT, NURSES ARE NOTGOING TO BE QUITTING THEIR JOBSTO GET UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITSBECAUSE THAT'S NOT HOW NURSESTHINK WHEN THEY GET UP IN THEMORNING.BY NOW, EVERYONE IS SEEING THEHERCULEAN EFFORTS OF OUR NURSESFIGHTING THE PANDEMIC.NURSES IN AMERICA ARE BRAVE,THEY CARE, THEY ARE THE TRUEPROFESSIONALS.FROM PORTLAND, OREGON, TOPORTLAND, MAINE, THEY ARE ON THEFRONT LINES OF THIS FIGHT,PUTTING THEMSELVES IN HARM'S WAYTO SAVE THE LIVES OF OURNEIGHBORS, WHETHER IT'S IN SOUTHCAROLINA, OREGON, OR ANYWHEREELSE.THEY DON'T CUT AND RUN.CONTRARY TO THE SUGGESTION OF MYCOLLEAGUE FROM NEBRASKA, RETIREDNURSES HAVE BEEN COMING OUT OFRETIREMENT IN DROVES TO HELPTREAT PATIENTS WHO ARE SUFFERINGBECAUSE OF THE CORONAVIRUS.SECOND, IT'S A HEAD SCRATCHER TOME THAT MY COLLEAGUE FROMNEBRASKA IS RAISING THISOBJECTION NOW.I'M THE RANKING DEMOCRAT ON THEFINANCE COMMITTEE.I LEARNED ABOUT HIS OBJECTIONWHEN I WATCHED HIS PRESSCONFERENCE, AND THEN I CALLEDHIM ABOUT IT.THE PROPOSAL HAS BEEN OUT THEREFOR DAYS.SENATORS HAVE KNOWN ABOUT IT THEWHOLE TIME.IT'S NOT A DRAFTING ERROR.IT'S NOT A LAST-MINUTE SURPRISE.WHAT THE SENATOR FROM NEBRASKAWANTS TO IN EFFECT DROP NOW WASPART OF THE BILL.MR. PRESIDENT, YOU'RE A MEMBEROF OUR COMMITTEE, AND I ENJOYWORKING WITH YOU.WHAT THE SENATOR FROM NEBRASKAWANTS TO DROP NOW IN FACT WASPART OF THE BILL THAT REPUBLICANLEADER McCONNELL INTRODUCED ONSATURDAY.HE INTRODUCED IT ON SATURDAYBECAUSE SENATE DEMOCRATSINSISTED ON IT BEING PART OF THEPACKAGE, AND AS SECRETARYMNUCHIN SAID THIS AFTERNOON ONNATIONAL TELEVISION -- WE ALLHEARD IT -- REPUBLICANS AGREE.I WILL HAVE A LITTLE MORE TO SAYABOUT SECRETARY MNUCHIN'SREMARKS IN A MINUTE.THIRD, I WANT TO TALK ABOUT WHYTHIS IS SO NEEDED, WHY MYDEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES AND I HAVEWORKED SO HARD TO HELP THEMILLIONS HIT BY THIS ECONOMICWRECKING BALL GET THROUGH THESEHORRENDOUS TIMES.FOR MOST AMERICANS, THE OLDUNEMPLOYMENT RULES WOULD COVERONLY A THIRD TO HALF OF THEIRLOST WAGES.THAT'S IT.PRETTY HARD TO PAY THE RENT, PUTFOOD ON THE TABLE WITH THAT.EVEN BEFORE THIS CRISIS, EVENBEFORE THE CRISIS,MR. PRESIDENT, THE FEDERALRESERVE FOUND NEARLY HALF OFAMERICANS WOULDN'T HAVE BEENABLE TO COME UP WITH $400 CASHTO COVER COSTS IN AN EMERGENCY.SO LET'S FACE IT.MILLIONS OF AMERICANS WEREWALKING ON AN ECONOMIC TIGHTROPE, BALANCING THEIRREPRESENTATIVE AGAINST THEIRFOOD AND THE FOOD AGAINST THEFUEL, AND THAT WAS BEFORE THEPANDEMIC.THATTHAT'S WHY WE ON OUR SIDE FLSO STRONGLY, SO APPRECIATIVE OFTHE WORK OF SENATOR PETERS,SENATOR MENENDEZ WHO HELPED INTHE NEGOTIATIONS, AND OF COURSETHE LEADER.WE ALL SAID WE NEED AN IMPROVEDSUPERCHARGED UNEMPLOYMENTBENEFIT TO REPLACE PEOPLE'S LOSTWAGES.THOSE ARE PEOPLE WHO SHOULDN'TFACE THE CHOICE BETWEENHOMELESSNESS, HUNGER, ORBANKRUPTCY BECAUSE A VIRUS HASSHUT DOWN OUR ECONOMY AND COSTTHEM THEIR JOBS.THIS ISN'T THE FAULT OF ANYWORKERS IN SOUTH CAROLINA OROREGON OR ANYWHERE ELSE.AND WHILE THE CONSUMER ECONOMYIS SHUTTERED, THE CONGRESS HAS ARESPONSIBILITY TO MAKE SURE THATAMERICANS CAN BOUNCE BACK IN AMATTER OF WEEKS OR MONTHS.OTHERWISE, MILLIONS ARE GOING TOSTRUGGLE SLOWLY TO RECOVER FROMTHE ECONOMIC CRISIS, AND MANYMIGHT NOT MAKE IT IF THE SENATEDOESN'T MOVE TO HELP THEM NOW,NOW, NOW.THE PANIC PEOPLE FEEL OVER THEVIRUS IS ALREADY TOO MUCH, ANDTHE LEAST WE CAN DO AS LAWMAKERSIS TO HAVE THEIR BACKS WHEN ITCOMES TO SURVIVING THIS ECONOMICCRISIS.NOW, ALL MY COLLEAGUES KNOWWE'RE ON THE THIRD BILL IN THEFIGHT AGAINST THE VIRUS.MITCH McCONNELL'S FIRSTVERSION OF THIS BILL DIDVIRTUALLY NOTHING FOR THOSE WHOARE LOSING THEIR JOBS.I READ IT CAREFULLY.OUT OF 247 PAGES IN THEREPUBLICAN LEADER'S FIRST BILL,EIGHT LINES OF TEXT, -- NOTEIGHT PAGES, EIGHT LINES.AND THOSE EIGHT LINES ONLY DEALTWITH FILING FOR UNEMPLOYMENTONLINE.NOW, THAT BILL HAD AN AWFUL LOTOF CORPORATE GOODIES, LOTS OFSLUSH FUNDS FOR BIGCORPORATIONS, BUT JUST A FEWMEASLY LINES FOR PEOPLE HURTING,FOR WORKERS HURTING, WORKERSLOSING THEIR JOBS.SENATE DEMOCRATS FOUGHT FOR ANDRUN CHANGES THAT MAKE UP THISROBUST, EXPANDED, SUPERCHARGEDUNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM.IT'S BASED ON A BILL THAT MYCOLLEAGUE, SENATOR PETERS, AND IINTRODUCED NOT LONG AGO.FIRST IN THESE PUNISHINGECONOMIC TIMES, AMERICANS AREGOING TO NEED MORE WEEKS OFCOVERAGE THAN THEY WOULDOTHERWISE GET FROM UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE.THE EXISTING LINKS OFUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS WILL NOTCOVER THE TIME THIS CRISIS WILLLAST.SECOND, THE SENATE NEEDED TOMODERNIZE THE UNEMPLOYMENTINSURANCE PROGRAM BECAUSE ITREALLY HASN'T CHANGED MUCH SINCETHAT WAS DEVELOPED IN WISCONSININ 1932.MR. PRESIDENT, 1932, NOBODY WASTALKING ABOUT GIG WORKERS, ANDTHAT UNEMPLOYMENT PROGRAM THATWAS INVENTED THEN HADN'T CHANGEDALL THAT MUCH.CERTAINLY HASN'T BEEN BUILT TOTAKE ON THE KIND OF CHALLENGEOUR COUNTRY FACES RIGHT NOW.DEMOCRATIC SENATORS AND I LOOKEDAT THAT SYSTEM AND SAID THIS OLDSYSTEM WOULDN'T BE GOOD ENOUGHFOR INDEPENDENT CONTRACTORS, THESELF-EMPLOYED, GIG WORKERS,PART-TIME WORKERS ANDFREELANCERS.THEY'RE A BIG PART OF THE FACEOF THE MODERN ECONOMY.THEY WOULDN'T THE KIND OFWORKERS ANYBODY WAS THINKINGABOUT IN 1932 WHEN THE PROGRAMWAS INVENTED.SENATE DEMOCRATS LED THE EFFORTTO GET THOSE PEOPLE COVERAGE,AND I'M GLAD THAT AT ONE POINTIN THE NEGOTIATION, WE COULD GETBIPARTISAN SUPPORT FOR IT.FOR PEOPLE WHO STILL HAVE THEIRJOBS BUT HAVE THEIR HOURSSLASHED, WE'RE GOING TO BAT FORTHEM.FOR PEOPLE IN THE SERVICEECONOMY, THE RESTAURANTS,SALONS, GYMS, YOU NAME IT.ALL THOSE PEOPLE ARE SUFFERINGBECAUSE THEIR JOBS AND THEIRBUSINESSES HAVE BEEN PUT ONPAUSE, WE'RE GOING TO BAT FORTHEM.WE'RE TALKING ABOUT MILLIONS ANDMILLIONS OF AMERICANS.PEOPLE WHO ARE LOOKING AT HARDTIMES AHEAD, AND THEY NEED OURHELP NOW.THE OLD UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCESYSTEM WASN'T WORKING, SO SENATEDEMOCRATS, SENATE DEMOCRATS SAIDWE'RE GOING TO COME TOGETHER ANDWE'RE GOING TO GO TO BAT FOR ALLTHOSE INDEPENDENT CONTRACTORSAND THE SELF-EMPLOYED AND THEFREELANCERS AND THE GIG WORKERS.AND NOWI THINK, NOT ONLY ARE WE GOINGTO HELP THEM OVER THE NEXT FOURMONTHS, BUT I THINK WE HAVEDEVELOPED SOME IDEAS THAT CAN BEPART PROLIFERATE REFORMING THE-- OF REFORMING THE UNEMPLOYMENTEXCEPTION SYSTEM AFTER THOSEFOUR MONTHS.NOW, I WANT TO TURN TO WHY THISAGREEMENT RAISES BENEFITSSPECIFICALLY BY $600 PER MONTH.I'VE HEARD MY COLLEAGUES ANDTHEIR STRENUOUS OBJECTIONS TOTHAT AMOUNT.THE REASON IT IS $600,MR. PRESIDENT, IS BECAUSE LABORSECRETARY SCALIA, AFTER MEETINGWITH THE SENATE NEGOTIATORS --MYSELF, SENATOR GRASSLEY,SECRETARY MNUCHIN, SENATORMENENDEZ, SENATOR PORTMAN, A BIGGROUP OF US -- SECRETARY SCALIA,AFTER MEETING WITH SENATENEGOTIATORS, LEFT US WITH NOOTHER WAY TO GET BENEFITS TOWORKERS QUICKLY.SECRETARY SCALIA SAID THAT THESTATES HAD NO OTHER WAY TO GETTHE BENEFITS TO WORKERS IN TIME.WE NEEDED A SIMPLE SOLUTION, ANDI KNOW MY COLLEAGUE, THEDISTINGUISHED PRESIDENT OF THESENATE, AND OTHERS WHO ARESPONSORING THIS PROPOSAL TOUNRAVEL WHAT SENATE DEMOCRATSDID WITH SECRETARY MNUCHIN, THETRUMP ADMINISTRATION, ANDCHAIRMAN GRASSLEY, MAY NOTBELIEVE ME, BUT I WANT TO SHARETHE WORDS OF SECRETARY MNUCHINHIMSELF AND SPECIFICALLY ON THISQUESTION OF WHY WE WERE FOCUSEDON MAKING SURE THAT WORKERSCOULD GET THAT EXTRA $600 AWEEK.JUST TODAY, SECRETARY MNUCHINSAID, AND I'M GOING TO QUOTEHERE, MOST OF THESE STATESYSTEMS HAVE TECHNOLOGY THAT'S30 YEARS OLD OR OLDER.IF WE HAD THE ABILITY TOCUSTOMIZE THIS WITH MUCH MORESPECIFICS, WE WOULD HAVE.THIS WAS THE ONLY WAY WE COULDENSURE STATES COULD GET THEMONEY OUT QUICKLY AND IN A FAIRWAY, SO WE USED $600 ACROSS THEBOARD.I DON'T THINK IT WILL CREATEINCENTIVES.MOST AMERICANS WANT WHAT THEYWANT.THEY WANT TO KEEP THEIR JOBS.THAT IS WHAT SECRETARY MNUCHINSAID TODAY IN DEFENDING THELANGUAGE THAT IS IN THE BILL AS,IN EFFECT, THE FASTEST, SIMPLESTWAY FOR WORKERS TO GET THEIRBENEFITS AND WHY WE DISAGREE SOSTRONGLY WITH THE AMENDMENT FROMTHE SENATOR FROM NEBRASKA TOUNRAVEL THAT APPROACH.THE MATH SHOWS THAT THE STANDARDPAYMENT OF $600 IS THE SIMPLESTWAY TO GET TO FULL WAGEREPLACEMENT WITHOUT CAUSING, ASOF NOW, AN ADMINISTRATIVE TRAINWRECK.SO I'M GOING TO CLOSE ON THIS.I'M SURE THAT EVERYBODY HEREREAD THAT UNEMPLOYMENT CLAIMSARE EXPECTED TO GO UP BY $2.5MILLION IN ONE WEEK WHEN THESTATISTICS ARE RELEASEDTOMORROW.LET ME SAY THAT AGAIN T --AGAIN.$2.5 MILLION.ALMOST AS MANY JOBS THAT WEREHIT WHEN THE GREAT RECESSIONLOST OUR COUNTRY SO HARD IN2008.IT IS THE SINGLE LARGEST RISE INUNEMPLOYMENT SINCE THAT FIGUREBEGAN TO BE TRACKED.12 ENTIRE MONTHS WORTH OF GREATRECESSION JOB LOSSES, THAT'S HOWMANY CLAIMS ECONOMISTS EXPECT TOSEE IN A SINGLE WEEK.THIS COUNTRY HAS NEVER FACEDANYTHING LIKE IT.IT IS NOT A NORMAL RECESSION.THIS ISN'T A NORMAL BILL TO TRYTO STIMULATE THE ECONOMY INWHICH THE GOVERNMENT TRIES TOGIVE THE ECONOMY A SHOT OFFISCAL ADRENALINE.THIS IS A TIME WHEN WE FACE ASHUTDOWN OF ENTIRE SECTORS OFOUR ECONOMY.WHAT THE CONGRESS NEEDS TO DO ISKEEP OUR ECONOMY ALIVE AND ACTNOW.WE'RE NOT ARE GOING TO DO THATBY SHORTCHANGING WORKERS WHO ARELOSING JOBS, LOSING HOURS, ORLOSING GIGS.I FEEL SO STRONGLY, AMERICANSWANT TO WORK.BUSINESSES WANT TO KEEP THEIREMPLOYEES ON THE JOB.AMERICANS WANT THE ECONOMY TOSPRING BACK TO LIFE ONCE THEPANDEMIC IS UNDER CONTROL, ANDTHAT'S WHAT SUPERCHARGE AGOUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS IS ALL --AND THAT'S WHAT SUPERCHARGINGUNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS IS ALLABOUT.SENATE DEMOCRATS AGREED WITH THETRUMP ADMINISTRATION, SECRETARYMNUCHIN AND CHAIRMAN GRASSLEY ONTHIS.OUR PROPOSAL WAS NOT A DRAFTINGERROR.IT DIDN'T POP OUT AT THE LASTMINUTE.IT'S NOT GOING TO BRING ABOUTTHE END OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION.I HOPE MY COLLEAGUES ON THEOTHER SIDE OF THE AISLE WILLREVIEW WHAT SECRETARY MNUCHINHAD TO SAY THIS AFTERNOON ONNATIONAL TELEVISION SUPPORTINGWHAT DEMOCRATS -- SENATEDEMOCRATS NEGOTIATED WITH HIMAND THE ADMINISTRATION AND JOINUS IN MAKING SURE MILLIONS ANDMILLIONS OF AMERICANS DON'TALLINTO DESTITUTION.I YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. LEAHY: MR. PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM VERMONT.MR. LEAHY: THANK YOU,MR. PRESIDENT.I DON'T WISH TO DELAY THINGS.I JUST WANT TO MAKE A COUPLECOMMENTS.I DID SPEAK EARLIER THISAFTERNOON ABOUT THIS.IT'S ALMOST AN UNDERSTATEMENT TOSAY THAT AMERICA IS AT ANINFLECTION POINT.WE'RE FACING A PUBLIC HEALTHCRISIS UNLIKE ANYTHING WE'VESEEN IN A GENERATION.THE STATES AND LOCAL COUNTIESARE RACING TO RESPOND TOMITIGATE THE CRISES.THE PACKAGE HERE IS A GOOD ONE.DOES IT DO EVERYTHING?NO.IS IT PERFECT?NO.IT'S A LOT BETTER THAN WHERE WEWERE?YES.I THINK OF THE SENATE HAS A BODYSHOULD BE THE CONSCIENCE OF THENATION.AND THERE'S TIME FOR US TO HAVEREALITY TRUMP RHETORIC.WE'VE HAD ENOUGH RHETORIC.AS I SAID IN THE PAST, IT SPEAKSTO REALITY.I THINK OF OUR OWN GOVERNOR,REPUBLICAN GOVERNOR, WHO HASWORKED SO HARD TO HELP OURSTATE.THIS WILL GIVE HIM SOME TOOLS,AS IT WILL TO OUR SPEAKER OF THEHOUSE AND OUR PRESIDENT PROTEMPORE OF OUR LEGISLATURE.WITH THIS BILL, WE SUPPORT THEVICTIMS OF THIS TERRIBLE VIRUS,THE HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS ANDFIRST RESPONDERS ON THE FRONTLINES TENDING TO TAKE CARE OFTHE ESSENTIAL WORKERS WHO HAVEKEEPING OUR STORE SHELVESSTOCKED AND THE NECESSITIESAVAILABLE, THE FAMILIES HIT BYTHE FALLOUT FROM THIS PANDEMIC.I HAVE BEEN FORTUNATE.I'VE BEEN MARRIED NOW FOR ALMOST58 YEARS TO ONE OF THE BESTMEDICAL SURGICAL NURSES I'VEEVER KNOWN.I HEAR HER TELL WHAT IT IS.MARCELLE TELLS ME WHAT THEDOCTORS AND NURSES FACE IN ASITUATION LIKE THIS.MR. PRESIDENT, I PRAY THATNEITHER YOU NOR I, NOR ANY OTHERMEMBER OF THIS BODY WILL HAVE TOFACE WHAT THEY FACE ON THE FRONTLINES.WE SHOULD GO FORWARD AND PASSTHIS BILL.I'D ASK THAT MY FULL STATEMENTBE INCLUDED IN THE RECORD.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. LEAHY: I YIELD THE FLOOR.I SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF AQUORUM.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THECLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.QUORUM CALL:MS. COLLINS: MR. PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM MAINE.MS. COLLINS: MR. PRESIDENT, IASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THATPROCEEDINGS UNDER THE CALL BEDISPENSED WITH.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MS. COLLINS: MR. PRESIDENT, ISEE THAT THE SENATOR FROMMARYLAND IS ON THE FLOOR, AND ITHINK HE ARRIVED A MINUTE OR TWOBEFORE ME, SO IF HE'D LIKE TO GOFIRST, I WOULD WANT TO GIVE HIMTHAT OPPORTUNITY.MR. VAN HOLLEN: I'M GRATEFUL.THANK YOU, SENATOR FROM MAINE.BUT I'M HAPPY TO HAVE YOU GOFIRST.MS. COLLINS: THANK YOU.MR. PRESIDENT, ALL ACROSS THECOUNTRY AMERICANS ARE STEPPINGUP IN RESPONSE TO THECORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC SWEEPINGOUR NATION.DOCTORS AND NURSES ARE WORKINGENDLESS HOURS AND PUTTINGTHEMSELVES AT RISK TO CARE FORTHE SURGE IN PATIENTS.MANUFACTURERS, INCLUDING MANYCOMPANIES IN MY STATE, AREWORKING OVERTIME AND RETOOLINGTHEIR PRODUCT LINES TO PRODUCEMEDICAL TESTING SWABS,VENTILATORS, AND PERSONALPROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.ALL OF WHICH ARE VITALLY NEEDED.TRUCKERS ARE GOING ABOVE ANDBEYOND, MISSING TIME WITH THEIRFAMILIES SO THAT THEY CANDELIVER GOODS NEEDED TO RESTOCKDEPLETED GROCERY SHELVES.PEOPLE ARE LOOKING OUT FOR THEIRNEIGHBORS IN A SAFE WAY.THEY'RE CHECKING ON THEM.THEY'RE MAKING PERSONALSACRIFICES TO HELP PREVENT THEVIRUS FROM SPREADING TO THE MOSTVULNERABLE MEMBERS OF OURSOCIETY.HELP IS ON THE HORIZON FOR SMALLBUSINESSES AND THEIR EMPLOYEESWHO ARE FACING ECONOMICDEVASTATION THROUGH NO FAULT OFTHEIR OWN.MR. PRESIDENT, I HAVE TALKED TOSMALL BUSINESS OWNERS ALL ACROSSOUR STATE, INCLUDING SMALL MOMAND POP OPERATIONS LIKE A THIRDGENERATION DINER OPERATED ANDOWNED BY THE -- BY THE SAMONESFAMILY IN LEWISTON, MAINE.FOR THE FIRST TIME EVER IN THREEGENERATIONS, THEY HAVE HAD TOCLOSE THEIR DOORS.THEY'VE HAD NO CHOICE.AS LINDA SIMONES TOLD ME INTEARS EARLIER THIS WEEK, WE'VENEVER BEEN UNEMPLOYED.OUR SON IS UNEMPLOYED.OUR FRIENDS WHO HAVE WORKED WITHUS AT THIS DINER FOR YEARS AREUNEMPLOYED.MR. PRESIDENT, THE AGREEMENTFINALLY REACHED TODAY INCLUDES A$377 BILLION SMALL BUSINESSECONOMIC RELIEF PLAN THATSENATOR RUBIO, SENATOR CARDIN,SENATOR SHAHEEN, AND I AUTHOREDAS MEMBERS OF THE SMALL BUSINESSTASK FORCE.IT IS INTENDED TO HELP WORKERSAND SMALL BUSINESSES JUST LIKETHE ONE OWNED BY THE SIMONESFAMILY IN LEWISTON.AND OUR GROUP WORKED DAY ANDNIGHT TO GET THIS BIPARTISANPACKAGE INCLUDED IN THE BROADERLEGISLATION, AND I WANT TO DO ASHOUT OUT TO OUR STAFF BECAUSE IDON'T THINK THEY'VE BEEN TO BEDBEFORE 4:00 A.M. IN THE MORNINGIN ANY DAY IN THE LAST WEEK.THAT'S HOW HARD THEY'VE WORKED,TOO.UNDER OUR BIPARTISAN APPROACH,SMALL BUSINESSES WOULD BEELIGIBLE FOR A 100% FEDERALLYGUARANTEE EMERGENCY LOAN TOCOVER EIGHT WEEKS OF PAYROLL ASWELL AS CERTAIN EXPENSES LIKERENT OR MORTGAGE PAYMENTS ANDUTILITIES.IF THESE BUSINESSES KEEP THEIREMPLOYEES ON THE PAYROLL, INOTHER WORDS IF THEY KEEP ISSUINGTHOSE PAYCHECKS, THEIR LOANSWOULD BE COMPLETELY FORGIVEN.HERE'S HOW IT WOULD WORK.SMALL EMPLOYERS WITH 500EMPLOYEES OR FEWER WOULD BEELIGIBLE TO APPLY FOR THESEFEDERALLY GUARANTEED LOANS.THE LOANS WOULD BE AVAILABLEIMMEDIATELY THROUGH EXISTINGSMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONCERTIFIED LENDERS, INCLUDINGCERTAIN BANKS, CREDIT UNIONS,AND OTHER FINANCIALINSTITUTIONS.IN A STREAMLINE -- AND ASTREAMLINE PROCESS WOULD BECREATED TO BRING OTHERADDITIONAL LENDERS INTO THEPROGRAM.THE SIZE OF THE LOANS WOULD BETIED TO A FORMULA BASED ON THESMALL BUSINESS' AVERAGE MONTHLYPAYROLL AND THAT WOULD GO BACKTO FEBRUARY 15 SINCE THAT'S WHENTHE CORONAVIRUS REALLY STARTEDTO COME TO OUR COUNTRY AND HAVEAN IMPACT.THE MAXIMUM LOAN AMOUNT WOULD BE$10 MILLION.SO AS LONG AS THESE SMALLBUSINESSES RETAIN THEIREMPLOYEES AND ISSUE THOSEPAYCHECKS WHICH KEEP IN MINDALSO MEANS IN MANY CASES THATTHOSE EMPLOYEES WILL GET THEIRHEALTH INSURANCE AS WELL.THE PORTION OF THE LOAN USED TOCOVER PAYROLL AND MORTGAGEINTEREST, RENT, AND UTILITYWOULD ALSO BE FORGIVEN.FURTHERMORE, AND THIS ISIMPORTANT TO STATES LIKE THOSEOF THE PRESIDING OFFICER ANDMINE WHICH HAVE LARGE NUMBERS OFTOURISTS COMING EACH YEAR,EMPLOYERS AND TIPPED EMPLOYEESWOULD RECEIVE FORGIVENESS FORTHE ADDITIONAL WAGES PAID TOSUCH EMPLOYEES.IN ADDITION I WANT TO POINT OUTTHAT WORKERS WHO HAVE ALREADYLOST THEIR JOBS DUE TO THISCRISIS CAN BE REHIRED AND PAIDUNDER OUR PROGRAM, AND THATSHOULD BE OUR GOAL.MR. PRESIDENT, THIS VITALASSISTANCE CANNOT COME A MOMENTTOO SOON.THERE IS SO MANY SMALLBUSINESSES THAT HAVE ALREADYSHUT DOWN OR ARE ON THE VERGE OFDOING SO.THEY ARE TRYING TO HANG ON JUSTA LITTLE LONGER TO AVOID LAYINGOFF THEIR EMPLOYEES WHO ARE LIKEMEMBERS OF THEIR OWN FAMILY.IN FACT, IN MANY CASES THEY AREMEMBERS OF THEIR OWN FAMILY.WITHOUT THIS PACKAGE WE FACE ANUNEMPLOYMENT TSUNAMI THAT COULDREACH AS HIGH AS 20% ACCORDINGTO THE SECRETARY OF THETREASURY.NOT ONLY WOULD THIS CAUSETREMENDOUS HARM TO MILLIONS OFFAMILIES, BUT IT WOULD ALSO TAKEA MASSIVE TOLL ON THE FEDERALBUDGET FAR EXCEEDING THE $377BILLION THAT WE'RE USING FORTHIS SMALL BUSINESS ASSISTANCEPROGRAM TOE -- PROGRAM TO KEEPWORKERS PAID AND EMPLOYED.WHAT WE WANT IS TO MAKE SURETHOSE SMALL BUSINESSES SURVIVE,THAT THEY'RE HERE WHEN WE'VETRANSCENDED THIS CRISIS, ANDTHAT THEIR EMPLOYEES ARE STILLABLE TO COME BACK TO WORK FORTHEM.WE DON'T WANT TO BREAK THATLINK, THAT CONNECTION.WE DON'T WANT THOSE SMALLBUSINESSES TO GIVE UP ANDSHUTTER THEIR DOORS FOREVERDECIMATING OUR DOWNTOWNS ANDCAUSING PERMANENT JOB LOSS FORTHE WORKERS THAT ARE SO MUCH APART OF THEIR BUSINESS.NOW, LARGER BUSINESSES THAT AREFACING CASH FLOW ISSUES WOULD BEELIGIBLE FOR CERTAIN LOANS SOTHAT THEY CAN AVOID LAYING OFFTHEIR WORKERS.HOWEVER, UNLIKE THE SMALLBUSINESS ASSISTANCE PROGRAMSWHICH WOULD HAVE THEIR LOANSFORGIVEN AS LONG AS THEY KEEPTHEIR WORKERS EMPLOYED, THELARGER BUSINESSES WOULD BEREQUIRED TO REPAY THESE LOANS INFULL.AND I WANT TO MAKE CLEAR THATTHESE LARGE BUSINESSES WOULD BEBARRED FROM STOCK BUYBACKS ANDINCREASING EXECUTIVE PAY FOR THEDURATION OF THE LOAN.AND I FULLY SUPPORT THOSERESTRICTIONS.OF COURSE, MANY OF THOSE SMALLBUSINESSES DON'T HAVESHAREHOLDERS SO THE IDEA OF ASTOCK BUYBACK DOESN'T EXIST.NOW, SOME OF THEM, SUBCHAPTER SMAY BUT MANY OF THEM DO NOT.I'M ALSO PLEASED TO SAY THAT WEWOULD COVER THE SOLE PROPRIETOR,THE INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR,THOSE MANY INDIVIDUALS WHO WERELY UPON TO MAKE OUR ECONOMYWORK.MR. PRESIDENT, FOLLOWING MYADVOCACY ALONG WITH MEMBERS FROMOTHER COASTAL STATE, I'M ALSOPLEASED THAT THE BILL INCLUDES$300 MILLION TO ASSIST WORKERSAND BUSINESSES IN OUR NATION'SFISHERIES WHICH SUPPORTTHOUSANDS OF JOBS IN THE GREATSTATE OF MAINE.WITH THIS LEGISLATIONHARVESTERS, FISHING COMMUNITIES,AGRICULTURE -- AGRICULTURALOPERATIONS AND OTHERFISHERY-RELATED BUSINESSES WILLBE ELIGIBLE FOR THIS $300MILLION IN ASSISTANCE WHICH MAYINCLUDE SOME DIRECT RELIEFPAYMENTS.THIS HELPS PROTECT OUR FOODSUPPLY CHAINS.AND THIS TARGETED RELIEF WILLHELP ENSURE THAT THE FAMILIESAND THE COASTAL COMMUNITIES THATDEPEND ON OUR FISHERIES CANEMERGE FROM THIS CRISIS.SIMILAR ASSISTANCE IS PROVIDEDTO OUR FARMERS AS WELL.MR. PRESIDENT, THIS BILL ALSOPROVIDES MORE THAN $30 BILLIONFOR STATES, SCHOOLS DISTRICT,COLLEGES, AND UNIVERSITIES TOHELP THEM MEET THE UNEXPECTEDEXPENSES THAT HAVE FLOWED FROMTHE CORONAVIRUS CRISIS.OUR SCHOOLS, OUR K-12 SCHOOLSWILL HAVE ACCESS TO $13.5BILLION WHICH WILL HELP THEMSUPPORT REMOTE LEARNING ANDMEETING THE NEEDS OF THEIRSTUDENTS.AND I WANT TO TAKE A MOMENT TORECOGNIZE THE DEDICATION OFTHOSE TEACHERS, ADMINISTRATORS,SCHOOL FOOD SERVICE WORKERS ANDBUS DRIVERS WHO ARE NOT ONLYMAKING SURE THAT STUDENTS HAVEACCESS TO REMOTE LEARNING BUTARE MAKING SURE THAT STUDENTSHAVE ACCESS TO MEALS OFF SITE.THIS BILL PROVIDES FUNDING TOHELP THEM PROVIDE THOSE MEALSBUT UNFORTUNATELY -- IN CREATIVEBUT UNFORTUNATELY MORE COSTLYWAYS SUCH AS DELIVERINGPREPACKAGED MEALS ALONG BUSROUTES OR DIRECTLY TO STUDENTSIN THEIR HOMES SO THAT THEYWON'T BE HUNGRY.WE ALL KNOW HOW IMPORTANT THESCHOOL BREAKFAST AND SCHOOLLUNCH PROGRAMS ARE TO OUR LOW-INCOME FAMILIES.WHEN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIESMADE THE VERY TOUGH DECISION TOSEND STUDENTS HOME FOR THESEMESTER, I SPOKE WITH SEVERALPRESIDENTS IN MAINE AND THEYTOLD ME ABOUT THE STEPS THEYWERE TAKING TO MAKE SURE THATTHEIR STUDENTS COULD STILLRECEIVE A QUALITY EDUCATIONALBEIT ONLINE OR REMOTELY.THEY WERE ALSO TAKING STEPS ASWELL THEY SHOULD TO REIMBURSESTUDENTS AND THEIR FAMILIES FORROOM AND BOARD, AND THEY'VESHORTENED TRAVEL STUDY PROGRAMS.THEY'RE INVESTING IN THESOFTWARE AND HARDWAREINFRASTRUCTURES TO BRING CLASSESONLINE QUICKLY.THEY'RE DOING EVEN MORE THANTHAT, MR. PRESIDENT.THE UNIVERSITY OF MAINE, FOREXAMPLE, HAS PARTNERED WITH THESTATE TO PREPARE ITS DORMS ANDITS FACILITIES FOR EMERGENCYUSES IF NECESSARY.SO THE DIRECT AID TO COLLEGESAND UNIVERSITIES IS NEEDED TOHELP THESE INSTITUTIONS OFFSETTHESE SUDDEN REVENUE LOSSES ANDUNEXPECTED COSTS.THERE'S ALSO TEMPORARYFLEXIBILITY APPLIED TO STUDENTAID, TO STUDENT LOANS THAT ALSOWILL BE VERY HELPFUL.THIS AGREEMENT, MR. PRESIDENT,IS NOT ONLY A LIFELINE FORWORKERS, SMALL BUSINESSES, ANDSCHOOLS, IT BUILDS ON THEPREVIOUS TWO PACKAGES THATCONGRESS HAS PASSED TO PROMOTETHE HEALTH AND SAFETY OFAMERICANS.IT MAKES SUBSTANTIAL INVESTMENTIN OUR NATION'S HEALTH SYSTEM,BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH ANDEDUCATION, INCLUDING A $130BILLION INFUSION FOR OURHOSPITALS AND HEALTH CAREPROVIDERS THAT ARE STRUGGLING TOCOPE WITH THIS INFLUX OFPATIENTS AND IT PROVIDES $20BILLION FOR ADDITIONAL RESOURCESFOR VETERANS HEALTH CARE.IT AUTHORIZES AN $11 BILLIONCATALYST TOWARD THE DEVELOPMENTOF AN EFFECTIVE VACCINE ANDTHERAPEUTICS, EFFECTIVETREATMENTS FOR THOSE STRUCK BYTHIS VIRUS.IT PROVIDES A BILLION DOLLARSFOR COMMUNITY SERVICES BLOCKGRANTS TO SUPPORT CRITICALSOCIAL SERVICE PROGRAMS FORMILLIONS OF LOW-INCOMEINDIVIDUALS.IT GIVES THE CENTERS FOR DISEASECONTROL ADDITIONAL FUNDING TOENHANCE ITS VITAL WORK.IT IS COMMUNITIES RESPONDING TOGREATER SERVICES WITH ANINCREASE OF $5 BILLION FORCOMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCKGRANTS.THAT COMES FROM THE SUBCOMMITTEETHAT I CHAIR.IT HELPS WITH TRANSIT SYSTEMS.THERE'S WIDESPREAD HELP FORTHOSE WHO ARE HOMELESS OR AMONGSOME OF THE MOST VULNERABLE INOUR POPULATION.IT STRENGTHENS THE LOW-INCOMEHOME HEATING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.THAT'S SOMETHING THAT SENATORJACK REED AND I HAVE LONG WORKEDTOGETHER ON.WE DON'T WANT FAMILIES ANDSENIORS MAKING IMPOSSIBLECHOICES BETWEEN HEATING THEIRHOMES AND BUYING FOOD ORMEDICINE.THIS PACKAGE ALSO CONTAINS TWOADDITIONAL PIECES OF LEGISLATIONTHAT I'VE INTRODUCED ANDCHAMPIONED.FIRST IT CONTAINS PROVISIONSFROM THE MITIGATING EMERGENCYDRUG SHORTAGES OR MEDS,LEGISLATION I AUTHOR THAD WILLHELP PREVENT A SHORTAGE OF VITALMEDICATIONS.I WAS SHOCKED, MR. PRESIDENT, TOLEARN THAT 72% OF THE FACILITIESTHAT MAKE VITAL, ACTIVEPHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENTS FOROUR MARKET HERE IN AMERICA ARELOCATED OVERSEAS.13% OF THESE FACILITIES INCHINA.WE JUST CAN'T HAVE THAT AND WENEED FAR GREATER VISIBILITY INTOTHAT SUPPLY SYSTEM.IT ALSO CONTAINS A BILL THAT IHAVE LONG ADVOCATED FOR, THEHOME HEALTH CARE PLANNINGIMPROVEMENT ACT.IT WILL ALLOW NURSEPRACTITIONERS, PHYSICIANASSISTANTS, AND OTHERS TOCERTIFY PATIENTS AS NEEDING HOMEHEALTH SERVICES.NOW IT'S JUST A PHYSICIAN THATCAN DO IT, EVEN THOUGH APHYSICIAN MIGHT NOT BE THEPRIMARY CARE PROVIDERPARTICULARLY IN RURAL AREAS.SO THAT WILL REMOVE NEEDLESSDELAYS IN GETTING MEDICAREPATIENTS THE HOME HEALTH CARETHAT THEY NEED.THAT'S A CRITICAL IMPROVEMENT ATA TIME WHEN OUR HEALTH CARESYSTEM IS BEING PUT TO THE TESTAND WHEN PEOPLE ARE BEING TOLDTHEY NEED TO STAY IN THEIR OWNHOMES TO AVOID SPREADING THEVIRUS.THE LIST OF BENEFITS THAT WILLBE FELT IN COMMUNITIES ACROSSTHE COUNTRY GOES ON AND ON.MR. PRESIDENT, IT'S IMPERATIVETHAT WE PASS THIS BILL TONIGHT.EVERY DAY, MORE SMALL BUSINESSESARE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS.EVERY DAY, AMERICANS ARE LOSINGTHEIR JOBS AND THEIR INCOME.EVERY DAY, MEDICAL PROFESSIONALSARE INCREASINGLY OVERWHELMED BYTHE EXPONENTIAL RISE IN CASES.THE PACKAGE WE ARE VOTING ON TOADVANCE TONIGHT WILL BOLSTER OURHEALTH CARE SYSTEM, INFUSE FUNDSINTO BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH THATWILL ULTIMATELY PRODUCE AVACCINE AND EFFECTIVETREATMENTS, SHORE UP OUR ECONOMYAND OUR BUSINESSES, SUPPORTTHOSE WHO ARE UNEMPLOYED,STRENGTHEN THE LENGTH BETWEENEMPLOYERS AND THEIR EMPLOYEES,SAVE MILLIONS OF JOBS OF THOSEEMPLOYED BY SMALL BUSINESSES,AND HELP PREVENT A DEVASTATEINGRECESSION, PERHAPS EVEN ADEPRESSION IN THIS COUNTRY.LET US NOT SQUANDER THISMOMENTUM WHEN WE'RE SO CLOSE TOGETTING THIS DONE FOR THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.I URGE MY COLLEAGUES TO JOIN MEIN PASSING THIS CRITICALLEGISLATION.THANK YOU, MADAM PRESIDENT.MR. VAN HOLLEN: MADAM PRESIDENT.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM MARYLAND ISRECOGNIZED.MR. VAN HOLLEN: THANK YOU,MADAM PRESIDENT.AS OTHER SENATORS HAVEMENTIONED, WE SEE OUR FELLOWAMERICANS UNITING AROUND THECOUNTRY TO FIGHT THECORONAVIRUS, TO HELP THOSE INNEED.MOST OF ALL, WE'RE GRATEFUL TOTHE MEN AND WOMEN IN HEALTH CARE, THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM ONTHE FRONT LINES OF THIS FIGHT,THE NURSES, THE DOCTORS, ALL THEOTHER STAFF AND HOSPITALS ANDCOMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS INCLINICS WHO ARE PUTTINGTHEMSELVES AND THEIR OWN HEALTHAT RISK TO HELP THEIR FELLOWAMERICANS.AND WE IN THE SENATE, LIKE OURFELLOW AMERICANS, MUST COMETOGETHER TO DO THE RIGHT THINGFOR THE COUNTRY AT THIS MOMENTIN TIME.TO PROVIDE A SURGE OF HELP TOTHOSE ON THE FRONT LINES OF THECORONAVIRUS FIGHT AND TO HELPTHOSE WHO ARE SUFFERING FROM THEECONOMIC FALLOUT.WORKERS AND SMALL BUSINESSES ANDMID-SIZED BUSINESSES AND OTHERSWHO ARE ABSOLUTELY GETTINGCLOBBERED, AS WE ALL TRY TOFIGHT THIS VIRUS TOGETHER.AND SO CONGRESS MUST UNITE THISEVENING, AS WE HAVE ON TWO PRIOROCCASIONS DURING THIS EMERGENCY.WHEN WE CAME TOGETHER TO PASSPHASE ONE, TO PROVIDE EMERGENCYIMMEDIATE HEALTH CARE SUPPORT TOPUBLIC HEALTH ENTITIES, TOPROVIDE MORE FUNDS TO DORESEARCH ON A VACCINE FOR THECORONAVIRUS, MORE FUNDS FORRESEARCH ON ANTIVIRALS TOADDRESS THE CORONAVIRUS, ANDTHEN WE PASSED ROUND TWO, THEFAMILIES FIRST ACT WHERE WE MADESURE THAT THAT TESTING WAS FREEBECAUSE WE DON'T WANT ANYAMERICAN TO SAY I'M NOT GOING TOGET TESTED EVEN THOUGH I FEELLIKE I MIGHT HAVE THE SYMPTOMS,I'M NOT GOING TO GET TESTEDBECAUSE I CAN'T AFFORD IT,PUTTING BOTH THEMSELVES ANDOTHERS IN THE COMMUNITY AT RISK.SO WE SAID WE HAVE GOT TO MAKESURE THESE TESTS ARE FREE, ANDWE ALSO PROVIDED SICK LEAVE,SICK LEAVE BECAUSE WE DON'T WANTANYBODY GOING TO WORK WHEN THEYFEEL SICK AND THEY HAVE THEVIRUS IF GOING TO WORK IS THEONLY WAY THEY CAN PUT FOOD ONTHE TABLE BY GETTING A PAYCHECK.SO WE SAID LOOK, STAY AT HOMEAND WE'LL PROVIDE FOR PAIDLEAVE.NOW, THERE WAS A GAP, A BIG GAPIN THAT THAT STILL NEEDS TO BEADDRESSED, BUT WE TOOK SOMEIMPORTANT MEASURES IN PHASE ONEAND PHASE TWO, AND NOW HERE WEARE THIS EVENING ON PHASE THREE.WHERE WE'RE NOT ONLY PROVIDINGADDITIONAL DOLLARS TO FIGHT THECORONAVIRUS AND THE HEALTHEMERGENCY, BUT ALSO DEALING WITHTHE ECONOMIC FALLOUT WHICH ISGROWING BY THE DAY.AND I'M NOT GOING TO GO THROUGHALL THE PROVISIONS THAT DO THAT,AND I WILL SAY THAT THIS BILL ISFAR FROM PERFECT.THIS IS NOT A BILL THAT I WOULDHAVE WRITTEN.I DARE SAY IT'S PROBABLY NOT THEBILL THAT ANY ONE SENATOR WOULDHAVE WRITTEN.BUT WITH ALL ITS FLAWS, IT DOESSOME VERY IMPORTANT THINGS ANDTHINGS THAT ARE ABSOLUTELYNECESSARY DURING THIS NATIONALEMERGENCY.THERE HAS BEEN A LOT OF TALKTONIGHT ABOUT THE UNINSURANCECOMPENSATION PROVISION.THOSE ARE ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIALAS A LIFELINE TO WORKERS WHOEACH DAY ARE LOSING THEIR JOBSAROUND THE COUNTRY IN MANYINDUSTRIES.AND IT IS ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIALTHAT IN THAT PROCESS, PEOPLE WHOARE OUT OF WORK THROUGH NO FAULTOF THEIR OWN ARE STILL ABLE TOPAY THEIR BILLS OR RENT ORMORTGAGE OR KEEP THEIR LIGHTS ONOR FOR FOOD, AND THAT'S WHY WEARE WORKING TO MAKE SURE THEYHAVE REAL REPLACEMENT INCOMEDURING THIS FOUR-MONTH EMERGENCYPERIOD.AND THE PROVISIONS REGARDINGSMALL BUSINESSES ANDMIDDLE-SIZED BUSINESSES, THOSEARE VERY IMPORTANT, TOO.I'M SURE WE ARE ALL HEARING FROMFOLKS WHO ALREADY HAD TO CLOSETHEIR DOORS BECAUSE WHEN THEREARE NO CUSTOMERS COMING IN THEDOOR, THERE ARE NO SALES, NOINCOME, AND SO IF YOU'RE A SMALLBUSINESS, YOU CAN'T MAKE YOURDEBT PAYMENTS AND YOU CAN'T MAKEPAYROLL.SO THIS BILL DOES HAVE A LOT OFVERY IMPORTANT PROVISIONS IN ITWITH RESPECT TO SMALLBUSINESSES, AND I'M REALLY GLADTHAT WE MOVED WITH RESPECT FROMSMALL BUSINESSES TO LOANS ONLYTO LOANS THAT WOULD BE FORGIVENSO LONG AS THE SMALL BUSINESSESSPENT THOSE MONEYS TO MAINTAINPAYROLL OR HIRE PEOPLE IF WEHAVE ALREADY LET THEM GO AND TOPAY ESSENTIAL BILLS.BECAUSE JUST ADDING MORE LOANSAND DEBT ONTO SMALL BUSINESSESWOULD ONLY BE LIKE AN ANCHORAROUND THEIR NEXT AT THE END OFA FOUR-MONTH OR WHATEVER PERIODIT MAY BE.THEY WOULDN'T BE ABLE TO DIGTHEMSELVES OUT OF THAT HOLE.SO THAT WAS VERY IMPORTANT TOHAVE LOANS THAT WILL BE FORGIVENSO LONG AS THE LOANS ARE USEDFOR THE INTENDED PURPOSES.AND WE ALSO MADE IMPORTANTPROVISIONS FOR NONPROFITS WHOHIRE MILLIONS OF AMERICANS ANDAS WELL FOR MID-SIZEDBUSINESSES.WITH RESPECT TO SOME OF THELARGEST INDUSTRIES IN THECOUNTRY THAT HAVE BEEN HARD HIT,IT'S APPROPRIATE TO ALSO GIVETHEM HELP, BUT IT'S ALSOIMPORTANT THAT AS WE DO THAT, WESAFEGUARD THE AMERICAN TAXPAYERAND THE PUBLIC INTEREST, ANDWHEN THE PROPOSAL FIRST ARRIVEDHERE IN THE SENATE FROM THEWHITE HOUSE, WE WERE LOOKING ATABOUT A $500 BILLION SLUSH FUNDWITH NO STRINGS ATTACHED, NOREAL ACCOUNTABILITY, NO REALTRANSPARENCY.AND SO WE HAVE TRIED TO TIE THATDOWN SO THAT WE WILL HAVE ANINSPECTOR GENERAL WITH SUBPOENAPOWER, SO THAT WE WILL ENSURETHAT THERE WILL BE NO STOCKBUYBACKS WITH THESE EMERGENCYFUNDS.NOW, WE'RE GOING TO STILL LOOKAT THE FINE PRINT, BUT WE HAVECOME A LONG WAY FROM THEPROPOSED BLANK CHECK TO THEPRESIDENT OF THE SECRETARY OFTHE TREASURY WHICH WAS IN THEBILL AS IT ARRIVED HERE ASPROPOSED BY THE ADMINISTRATION.THERE IS ANOTHER THING IN THEBILL BEFORE US TONIGHT THAT WASNOT IN THE BILL PROPOSED BY THEADMINISTRATION, AND THAT ISBADLY NEEDED HELP FOR STATES ANDCITIES AND TOWNS WHO ARE ON THEFRONT LINES OF THIS BATTLEACROSS THE COUNTRY.WE HEARD ABOUT FIVE, SIX DAYSAGO FROM THE MAJORITY LEADER,LET'S JUST WAIT.MAYBE WE CAN DO THAT SOMETIMEDOWN THE ROAD.WELL, WE HAVE HEARD FROM ABIPARTISAN GROUP OF GOVERNORS TOTHE NATIONAL GOVERNORS'ASSOCIATION THAT THEY NEED THATHELP NOW, AND I'M SURE YOU HAVEALL BEEN FIELDING CALLS FROMYOUR ELECTED OFFICIALS, YOURGOVERNORS AND OTHERS ABOUT HOWTHEY DESPERATELY NEED ADDITIONALHELP TO FIGHT THIS VIRUS.AND SO I'M GLAD THAT THIS BILLCONTAINS $150 BILLION TO HELPTHOSE STATES.NOW, MADAM PRESIDENT, I WANT TORAISE TONIGHT SOMETHING THAT IDISCOVERED ABOUT THIS BILL JUSTA FEW HOURS AGO THAT GIVES MEREAL HEARTBURN AND ACTUALLY IBELIEVE REFLECTS BADLY ON THISUNITED STATES SENATE.HERE'S HOW WE DISTRIBUTED THEFUNDS TO THE STATES.EACH STATE, REGARDLESS OFPOPULATION, GETS $1.2 BILLION,AND THEN THE REMAINDER OF THEMONEY UP TO $150 BILLION ISDISTRIBUTED TO STATES BASED ONPOPULATION.NOW, YOU CAN QUESTION WHETHERTHAT'S THE BEST AND MOSTEFFECTIVE WAY TO -- TOESSENTIALLY ALLOCATE RESOURCESWHEN YOU'RE FIGHTING ACORONAVIRUS LIKE THIS, WHICH ISMORE INTENSE IN SOME PLACES THANOTHERS, BUT THAT'S NOT MYOVERALL POINT RIGHT NOW.HERE IS WHAT WE DISCOVERED.THAT THE PEOPLE OF THE DISTRICTOF COLUMBIA, PEOPLE OF THENATION'S CAPITAL, WERE LEFT OUTOF THAT FORMULA.THEY ARE FIGHTING THECORONAVIRUS JUST LIKE AMERICANSIN EVERY OTHER STATE AND CITY.THEY ARE PART OF OTHER FEDERALFORMULAS.FOR EXAMPLE, TITLE 1 FOREDUCATION.HIGHWAY FUNDS.AND OTHER FEDERAL FORMULADOLLARS GO TO THE PEOPLE OF THEDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.THEY HAVE A POPULATION THAT ISHIGHER THAN TWO OF THE 50 STATESTHERE ARE MORE RESIDENTS OF THEDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, THENATION'S CAPITAL, THAN THE STATEOF WYOMING AND THE STATE OFVERMONT.BUT THEY WERE LEFT OUT OF THATCATEGORY THAT THEY ARE USUALLYPUT IN, AND INSTEAD THEY WEREPUT INTO A FORMULA WITH PUERTORICO, THE VIRGIN ISLANDS,AMERICAN SAMOA, AND SOME OF THETERRITORIES.AND THE NET EFFECT OF THAT, THENET EFFECT OF PUTTING PEOPLE INTHE NATION'S CAPITAL IN THATFORMULA VERSUS THE FORMULA WITHTHE STATES WILL COST THEDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA ABOUT$700 MILLION.THAT'S BECAUSE THAT OTHERFORMULA IS BASED ENTIRELY ONPOPULATION, AND PUERTO RICO HASABOUT THREE MILLION PEOPLE INIT, AND SO WHEN YOU PUT THEDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA INTO THATFUNDING KETTLE, INTO THATFUNDING POT, THEY GETSHORTCHANGED $700 MILLION.AND THAT'S THE CASE EVEN THOUGHTHE PEOPLE OF THE DISTRICT OFCOLUMBIA -- THE PEOPLE OF THEDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEND THEFEDERAL TREASURY MORE TAXDOLLARS THAN THE PEOPLE OF 22OTHER STATES.LET ME SAY THAT AGAIN.THE PEOPLE OF THE DISTRICT OFCOLUMBIA SEND THE I.R.S. MORETAX REVENUES THAN THE PEOPLE OF22 OTHER STATES.AND YET WHEN IT CAME TIME TOWRITE THE FORMULA FORDISTRIBUTING EMERGENCY FUNDSUNDER THE CORONAVIRUS, THEYWEREN'T PART OF THE KIND OFFUNDING FORMULAS THEY NORMALLYARE.NOW, I ASKED ABOUT THIS BECAUSEI THOUGHT MAYBE THIS WOULD BE ASIMPLE FIX.I MEAN, SURELY IN A BILL OF$2 TRILLION IN EMERGENCY RELIEF,WE CAN DO RIGHT BY THE PEOPLE OFTHE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA AND NOTSHORTCHANGE THEM $700 MILLION.AND THE ANSWER I GOT BACK WASNO.NO, NO, THIS WAS NOT A MISTAKE.THIS WAS NOT AN OVERSIGHT.THAT REPUBLICAN NEGOTIATORSINSISTED ON SHORTCHANGING THEPEOPLE OF THE DISTRICT OFCOLUMBIA.AND IF I'M WRONG ABOUT THAT, ITWOULD BE A VERY EASY FIX IN ANAMENDMENT THAT COULD BE OFFEREDBY THE MAJORITY LEADER, AND I'MSURE ACCEPTED UNANIMOUSLY,ACCEPTED UNANIMOUSLY, EXCEPT FORTHE FACT THAT THIS ACTUALLY WASA POINT THAT WAS NEGOTIATED.NOW, MADAM PRESIDENT, I'M NOTGOING TO HOLD UP A $2 TRILLIONEMERGENCY RESCUE PACKAGE THAT ISURGENTLY NEEDED BY THE COUNTRYFOR THIS, BUT I THINK IT'SSHAMEFUL, I THINK IT'S SHAMEFULTHAT IN A $2 TRILLION EMERGENCYRESCUE PACKAGE, WE WOULDSHORTCHANGE THE PEOPLE RIGHTHERE IN THE NATION'S CAPITAL.PEOPLE WHO WE SEE COMING INTOWORK EVERY DAY.MANY OF THE FEDERAL EMPLOYEESWHO WORKDAY IN AND DAY OUT FORTHE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.MANY OF THEM LIVE HERE, MANY OFTHEM LIVE IN SURROUNDING STATES,MANY OF THEM LIVE ALL OVER THECOUNTRY, BUT FOR THE PEOPLE WHOLIVE HERE, TO SHORTCHANGE THEMAND TO DO IT INTENTIONALLY.IT IS REALLY OUTRAGEOUS.AND SO HERE WE ARE COMINGTOGETHER, AND THAT'S THE RIGHTTHING TO DO.AS I SAID, THIS BILL HAS MANY,MANY FLAWS AND MANY, MANYPROBLEMS.I CERTAINLY WOULDN'T HAVEWRITTON IN THIS WAY -- WRITTONTHIS WAY, AND I WOULD NEVER HAVEDONE WRONG TO THE PEOPLE OF THEDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA THE WAY ITWAS INTENTIONALLY DONE IN THISBILL.BUT OVERALL, WE NEED THIS BOILFOR THE COUNTRY.WE NEED IT BECAUSE WE HAVE ANATIONAL EMERGENCY BOTH ON THEHEALTH CARE FRONT AND ECONOMICFRONT.SO I HOPE GOING AWAY FROM HERE,AS WE COME TOGETHER -- AND IHOPE WE'LL DO THE RIGHT THINGWITH A LARGE VOTE -- I HOPETHERE WILL BE SOME SENATORSWHOEVER WERE PART OF NEGOTIATINGTHAT DEAL WHO SAID, NO, WE'REGOING TO SHORTCHANGE OF PEOPLEOF OUR NATION'S CAPITAL.I HOPE THEY WILL FEEL A LITTLEBIT OF SHAME, AND I THINK ALLTHOSE PEOPLE WHO DIDN'T WITHAENS TO CHANGE IN PROVISION,WHICH IS EASY TO CHANGE, JUSTLIKE THAT, SHOULD FEEL ASHAMED.THIS IS OUR NATION'S CAPITAL,THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE AND WORKHERE DESERVE TO BE TREATED WITHRESPECT.THERE'S NO UNITED STATES SENATORWHO REPRESENTS THE PEOPLE OF THEDISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.SOME SIMPLIFY US WHO LIVE IN THESURROUNDING AREAS WORK HARD TODO SO.I JUST WISH SENATORS FROM THEREST OF THE COUNTRY ANDESPECIALLY IN THIS CASEAPPARENTLY OUR REPUBLICANCOLLEAGUES WOULD SHOW A LITTLERESPECT FOR THE PEOPLE WHO LIVEIN THE CAPITAL OF THIS GREATCOUNTRY.AND I YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. McCONNELL: MADAMPRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THEMAJORITY LEADER IS RECOGNIZED.MR. McCONNELL: I ASK UNANIMOUSCONSENT THE CLOTURE MOTION WITHRESPECT TO THE MOTION TO PROCEEDTO H.R. 748 BE WITHDRAWN.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: ISTHERE OBJECTION?WITHOUT OBJECTION.MR. McCONNELL: I ASK UNANIMOUSCONSENT THE SENATE PROCEED TOTHE IMMEDIATE CONSIDERATION OFH.R. 748.FURTHER, THAT THE ONLYAMENDMENTS IN ORDER BEAMENDMENTS TO BE OFFERED BYSENATOR McCONNELL, 1578, ANDSENATOR SASSE 1577 OR THEIRDESIGNEES.FURTHER, THAT THE SENATE VOTE ONTHE SASSE AMENDMENT WITH A60-VOTE AFFIRMATIVE THRESHOLDFOR ADOPTION.FURTHER, FOLLOWING DISPOSITIONOF THE SASSE AMENDMENT, THEMcCONNELL AMENDMENT AS AMENDEDIF AMENDED BE AGREED TO, THEBILL AS AMENDED BE READ A THIRDTIME AND THE SENATE VOTE ON THEPASSAGE OF THE BILL AS AMENDEDWITH A 60-AFFIRMATIVE VOTETHRESHOLD FOR PASSAGE.FINALLY, IF PASSED, THE MOTIONTO RECONSIDER BE CONSIDERED MADEAND LAID UPON THE TABLE AND THATALL ROLL CALL VOTES IN THISSERIES BE 30 MINUTES IN LENGTH.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: ISTHERE OBJECTION?WITHOUT OBJECTION.THE CLERK WILL REPORT THE BILL.THE CLERK: CALENDAR 157, H.R.748, AN ACT TO AMEND THEINTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986AND SO FORTH.MR. McCONNELL: MADAMPRESIDENT, I ASK CONSENT THAT IPROCEED UNDER MY LEADER TIME.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. McCONNELL: SO HERE WE ARE,COLLEAGUES, FOR THE INFORMATIONOF ALL OF OUR SENATORS, WE WILLFIRST VOTE ON THE ADOPTION OFTHE SASSE AMENDMENT AT A 60-VOTETHRESHOLD AND THEN OUR SECONDAND FINAL VOTE WILL BE ONPASSAGE OF THE CARES ACT ALSO ATA 60-VOTE THRESHOLD.WE'RE GOING TO PASS THISBIPARTISAN RELIEF PACKAGE, SENDIT OVER TO THE HOUSE SO THEY CANPUT IT ON THE PRESIDENT'S DESK.WHEN THE SENATE ADJOURNS THISEVENING, OUR NEXT SCHEDULED VOTEWILL BE AFTERNOON OF MONDAY,APRIL 20.OF COURSE, DURING THISUNPRECEDENTED TIME FOR OURCOUNTRY, THE SENATE IS GOING TOSTAY NIMBLE.AS ALWAYS WE WILL CONVENEREGULAR PRO FORMA SESSIONS ANDIF CIRCUMSTANCES REQUIRE THESENATE TO RETURN FOR A VOTESOONER THAN APRIL 20, WE WILLPROVIDE AT LEAST 24 HOURSNOTICE.OUR NATION OBVIOUSLY IS GOINGTHROUGH A KIND OF CRISIS THAT ISTOTALLY UNPRECEDENTED IN LIVINGMEMORY.LET'S STAY CONNECTED ANDCONTINUE TO COLLABORATE ON THEBEST WAYS TO KEEP HELPING OURSTATES AND OUR COUNTRY THROUGHTHIS PANDEMIC.LET'S CONTINUE TO PRAY FOR ONEANOTHER, FOR ALL OF OURFAMILIES, AND FOR OUR COUNTRY.MR. SCHUMER: MADAM PRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THEMINORITY LEADER IS RECOGNIZED.MR. SCHUMER: NOW, MADAMPRESIDENT, AND I'LL SPEAK FOR ALITTLE BIT BRIEFLY, THELEGISLATION NOW BEFORE US ISHISTORIC BECAUSE IT IS MEANT TOMATCH A HISTORIC CRISIS.OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IS NOTPREPARED TO CARE FOR THE SICK.OUR WORKERS -- COULD WE HAVEORDER, MADAM PRESIDENT.MR. SCHUMER: OUR WORKERS, OURHEALTH CARE SYSTEM IS NOTPREPARED TO CARE FOR THE SICK.OUR WORKERS ARE WITHOUT WORK.OUR BUSINESSES CANNOT DOBUSINESS.OUR FACTORIES LIE IDLE.THE GEARS OF THE AMERICANECONOMY HAVE GROUND TO A HALT.OUR COUNTRY HAS FACED IMMENSECHALLENGES BEFORE BUT RARELY SOMANY AT THE SAME TIME.OVER THE PAST FEW DAYS, THESENATE HAS STEPPED INTO THEBREACH.WE PACKED WEEKS OR PERHAPSMONTHS OF LEGISLATIVE PROCESSINTO FIVE DAYS.REPRESENTATIVES FROM BOTH SIDESOF THE AISLE AND BOTH ENDS OFPENNSYLVANIA AVENUE HAVE FORGEDTHE BIPARTISAN AGREEMENT ANDHIGH -- IN HIGHLY PARTISAN TIMESWITH VERY LITTLE TIME TO SPARE.IT'S BEEN A LONG, HARD ROAD WITHA REMARKABLE NUMBER OF TWISTSAND TURNS, BUT FOR THE SAKE OFMILLIONS OF AMERICANS, IT WILLBE WORTH IT.IT WILL BE WORTH IT TO SAVEMILLIONS OF SMALL BUSINESSES ANDTENS OF MILLIONS OF JOBS.IT WILL BE WORTH IT TO SEE THATAMERICANS WHO HAVE LOST THEIRJOBS THROUGH NO FAULT OF THEIROWN WILL BE ABLE TO PAY THEIRRENT AND MORTGAGES AND PUT FOODON THE TABLE BECAUSE WE PASSEDTHE GREATEST EXPANSION OFINSURANCE TO THE EMPLOYED -- TOTHE UNEMPLOYED IN DECADES.IT WILL BE WORTH IT TO SENDGLOVES AND MASKS TO OUR NURSESAND TO OUR DOCTORS.IT WILL BE WORTH IT TO SENDVENTILATORS AND BEDS TO OURHOSPITALS AND BEGIN REBUILDINGTHE PUBLIC HEALTH INFRASTRUCTUREIN AMERICA, A MARSHALL PLAN INTHIS NEW CENTURY FOR OUR MEDICALSYSTEM.IT WILL BE WORTH IT TO SAVEINDUSTRIES FROM THE BRINK OFCOLLAPSE IN ORDER TO SAVE THEJOBS OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OFAMERICANS IN THOSE INDUSTRIES.IT WILL BE WORTH IT TO PUTWORKERS FIRST.IT WAS A LONG, HARD ROAD.NEITHER SIDE CAN BE COMPLETELYHAPPY WITH THE FINAL PRODUCT.BUT IT WILL BE WORTH IT.AND I'M DAMN PROUD OF THE WORKWE DID OVER THE PAST FEW DAYSBECAUSE WE PUT IN THE WORK,BECAUSE WE TESTED THE LIMITS OFEXHAUSTION, BECAUSE WE DIDN'TIMMEDIATELY ACCEPT A BILLDRAFTED BY ONLY ONE PARTY, THELEGISLATION BEFORE US TONIGHT ISBETTER, BETTER FOR OUR HEALTHCARE SYSTEM AND THE 65,000AMERICANS NOW AFFLICTED WITHCOVID-19, BETTER FOR OURWORKERS, BETTER FOR OUR SMALLBUSINESSES, BETTER FOR OURINDIAN TRIBES, BETTER FOR OURECONOMY, AND BETTER FOR THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.AND SO I MUST THANK MYCOLLEAGUES ON BOTH SIDES OF THEAISLE, ESPECIALLY THE CHAIRS ANDRANKING MEMBERS AND THEIRSTAFFS.THE PAST FEW DAYS HAVE BEENFILLED WITH DRAMA.THE PAST FEW HOURS WERE NOEXCEPTION.I KNOW A FEW OF MY REPUBLICANFRIENDS STILL HARBOR RESERVATIONS ABOUT VOTING FORTHIS LEGISLATION, BUT WHENTHERE'S A CRISIS OF THISMAGNITUDE, THE PRIVATE SECTORCANNOT SOLVE IT.INDIVIDUALS EVEN WITH BRAVERYAND VALOR ARE NOT POWERFULENOUGH TO BEAT IT BACK.GOVERNMENT IS THE ONLY FORCELARGE ENOUGH TO STAUNCH THEBLEEDING AND BEGIN THE HEALING.THIS IS A TIME WHEN THE AMERICANPEOPLE NEED THEIR GOVERNMENT.THIS IS WHAT WE WERE ELECTEDFOR.THE OATH WE SWEAR TO THECONSTITUTION MEANS WE MUSTPROTECT THE GENERAL WELFARE OFTHE PEOPLE.SO LET US MARSHAL THISGOVERNMENT INTO ACTION.THERE ARE MILLIONS OF AMERICANSWATCHING OUT RIGHT NOW AT HOMEON THEIR TELEVISIONS, SEPARATEDFROM FRIENDS AND FAMILY, FEARFULFOR THEIR CHILDREN AND THEIRLIVELIHOOD, UNSURE WHEN THE TIMEWILL COME WHEN ALL OF OUR LIVESMAY RETURN TO NORMAL.LET US TELL THEM TONIGHT THATHELP IS ON THE WAY, THAT THEYARE NOT TRULY ALONE, THAT THISCOUNTRY, THAT THIS SENATE, THATTHIS GOVERNMENT IS HERE FOR THEMIN A TIME OF DIRE NEED.THIS IS STRANGE -- THIS IS ASTRANGE AND EVIL DISEASE.THERE IS MUCH WE STILL DON'TKNOW ABOUT IT, AND IT IS KEEPINGUS APART.WHEN WE PASS THIS BILL INSTEADOF HUGGING EACH OTHER, WE'LLWAVE FROM A DISTANCE.NONE OF US CAN KNOW WHEN THISPLAGUE WILL PASS.THE ONLY THING WE KNOW FOR SUREIS THAT WE MUST SUMMON THE SAMESPIRIT THAT SAW PREVIOUS OFGENERATIONS THROUGH AMERICA'SDARKEST HOURS.FELLOWSHIP, SACRIFICE,FORTITUDE, RESILIENCE, THAT ISWHAT IT MEANS TO BE AN AMERICAN.WITH THAT SPIRIT THIS NATIONFACED DOWN WAR AND DEPRESSIONAND FEAR ITSELF.I HAVE NO DOUBT THAT ONCE AGAINAMERICA WILL ULTIMATELY PREVAIL.I YIELD THE FLOOR.MR. McCONNELL: MADAMPRESIDENT?THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THEMAJORITY LEADER IS RECOGNIZED.MR. McCONNELL: I CALL UP THESUBSTITUTE AMENDMENT 1578 ANDASK THAT IT BE REPORTED BYNUMBER.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.THE AMENDMENT WILL BE REPORTEDBY NUMBER.THE CLERK: THE SENATOR FROMKENTUCKY MR. McCONNELLPROPOSES AN AMENDMENT NUMBERED1578.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM NEBRASKA ISRECOGNIZED.MR. SASSE: I CALL UP AMENDMENT1577 AND ASK THAT IT BE REPORTEDBY NUMBER.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.THE AMENDMENT WILL BE REPORTEDBY NUMBER.THE CLERK: THE SENATOR FROMNEBRASKA MR. SASSE PROPOSES ANAMENDMENT NUMBERED 1577 TOAMENDMENT NUMBERED 1578.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THEQUESTION IS ON THE SASSEAMENDMENT.MR. SASSE: I ASK FOR THE YAYSAND NAYS.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: ISTHERE SUFFICIENT SECOND?THERE APPEARS TO BE.THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.VOTE:VOTE:THE PRESIDING OFFICER: ARE THEREANY SENATORS IN THE CHAMBERWISHING TO VOTE OR TO CHANGETHEIR VOTE?IF NOT, THE YEAS ARE 48, THENAYS ARE 48.THE 60-VOTE THRESHOLD HAVING NOTBEEN ACHIEVED, THE AMENDMENT ISNOT AGREED TO.UNDER THE PREVIOUS ORDER,AMENDMENT NUMBER 1578 IS AGREEDTO.THE CLERK WILL READ THE TITLE OFTHE BILL FOR THE THIRD TIME.THE CLERK: CALENDAR NUMBER 157,H.R. 748, AN ACT TO AMEND THEINTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986 TOREPEAL THE EXCISE TAX ONHIGH-COST EMPLOYER-SPONSOREDHEALTH COVERAGE.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THEQUESTION IS ON PASSAGE OF H.R.748 AS AMENDED.IS THERE A SUFFICIENT SECOND?THERE APPEARS TO BE.THE CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.VOTE:VOTE:THE PRESIDING OFFICER: ON THISVOTE, THE YEAS ARE THE 6, THENAYS PROSECUTE ZERO.THE 60-VOTE THRESHOLD HAVINGBEEN ACHIEVED,S BILL IS PASSED.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THESENATOR FROM ALASKA.MR. SULLIVAN: MR. PRESIDENT, IASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THAT THESENATE BE IN A PERIOD OF MORNINGBUSINESS.THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUTOBJECTION.MR. SULLIVAN: THANK YOU.MR. PRESIDENT, WE JUST FINISHEDHERE ON THE SENATE FLOOR SOMEVERY, VERY IMPORTANT WORK FORTHE PEOPLE WE REPRESENT AND HAVETHE PRIVILEGE TO SERVE, WHATWE'RE CALLING PHASE THREE OF OURVERY IMPORTANT RESPONSE TO THISUNPRECEDENTED PANDEMIC THAT ISHITTING OUR COUNTRY.THE HEALTH OF THE OUR COUNTRY,THE ECONOMIC HEALTH OF OURNATION, AND SO WE ACTED.A NUMBER OF US WORKED WELL OVERTHE PAST WEEK AROUND THE CLOCKTO PUT THIS LEGISLATIONTOGETHER.AND I THINK IT WAS A STRONGSHOWING OF BIPARTISAN SUPPORT.I WAS ON THE FLOOR A COUPLE DAYSAGO SAYING THAT WHAT WE NEEDEDTO DO WERE FOUR KEY THINGS --PUT CASH DIRECTLY IN THE HANDSOF HURTING FAMILIES IN ALASKAAND THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY,DELIVER RAPID RELIEF TO SMALLBUSINESSES BEING CRUSHED BY THISPANDEMIC AND HAVING TO LAY OFFWORKERS, STABILIZING KEY STEEKTERSE OF THE ECONOMY TO -- KEYSECTORS OF THE ECONOMY, ANDSENDING A SURGE OF NEW RESOURCESTO MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS WHO AREON THE FRONT LINES.AND, MR. PRESIDENT, WE DID THAT.WE DID THAT RELATIVELY QUICKLY.IT COULD HAVE BEEN FASTER.BUT THOSE WERE OUR GOALS, ANDTHAT'S WHAT WE ACHIEVED HERE.BUT HERE'S THE FACT --THIS WAS LEGISLATION VERYIMPORTANT.IT WASN'T PERFECT, AND THERE'SPROBABLY A LOT OF MISTAKES HERE.WE'RE GOING TO NEED TO CORRECTTHEM QUICKLY.THERE'S PROBABLY AMERICANS WHOWEREN'T COVERED IN SOME WAY,SHAPE, OR FORM BY THISLEGISLATION WHO NEED HELP, ANDWE'RE GOING TO NEED TO COVERTHEM QUICKLY.THERE'S LIKELY NEW CHALLENGES INTHIS PANDEMIC THAT SEEMS TO BECHANGING EVERY DAY -- NEWCHALLENGES WITH REGARD TO THISCRISIS THAT WE'RE GOING TO NEEDTO ADDRESS.AND THE FINAL THING,MR. PRESIDENT, IS WHEN WE LOOKAT WHAT WE JUST DID HERE, THISWAS FOCUSED ON THE IMMEDIATECRISIS.BUSINESS INTERRUPTIONS, THEHEALTH CRISIS.BUT WHAT WE NEED TO BE LOOKINGAT IS WHEN WE GET THROUGH THISCRISIS -- AND WE WILL, MORERESILIENT, MORE STRONGER THANEVER.AS I MENTIONED IN MY REMARKS THEOTHER DAY, SOME "WASHINGTONPOST" REPORTERS A COUPLE DAYSAGO QUESTIONED THE METTLE ANDRESILIENCY OF AMERICANS.MAYBE WE'RE NOT AS TOUGH, STRONGAS WE USED TO BE TO GET THROUGHTHESE CRISES.THEY JUST NEED TO GO TO ALASKAAND RECOGNIZE HOW WRONG THEY AREON THAT.OR SEE SOME OF THE MARINES THATI'VE HAD THE PRETTY WELL OFSERVING WITH FOR THE LAST 36YEARS.THEY WOULD RECOGNIZE QUICKLYTHAT THEY'RE WRONG.OF COURSE WE HAVE THE METTLE ANDTENACITY TO DO THIS.BUT WE NEED TO BE WORKING ONPHASE FOUR -- PHASE FOUR ISGOING TO BE THE POLICIES THAT WEIMPLEMENT HERE IN THE CONGRESSTO TURBOCHARGE THIS ECONOMY SOWHEN WE'RE OUT OF THIS CRISIS,WE CAN COME BACK FULLY, MORESTRONGLY IN A WAY THAT OURECONOMY WAS JUST TWO MONTHS A SOTHERE'S A LOT OF WORK THAT ITHINK WE COULD BE DOING ANDWE'RE LIKELY GOING TO HAVE TO BEDOING.A NUMBER OF US ARE GOING TOBEGIN WORKING ON THAT PHASE FOURAPPROACH TO THIS PANDEMIC.THE TURBO CHARGING OF THISECONOMY ONCE WE GET OUT OF IT,AND I'M GLAD TO START WORK ONTHAT WITH MY COLLEAGUES HERE INTHE SENATE.SO AS I SAID, MR. PRESIDENT,THERE'S A LOT OF WORK TO DO.BUT THE SENATE IS GETTING READYFOR A RECESS FOR ALMOST A MONTH.THAT'S WHAT WE'RE GETTING READYTO DO.THE COUNTRY IS FACING ONE OF THEBIGGEST CRISES IN OUR HISTORY,AND THE SENATE IS LEAVING TOWNFOR A MONTH.I HAPPEN TO THINK THIS IS AMISTAKE.I THINK IT SENDS THE WRONGSIGNAL TO THE PEOPLE WE SERVE.I THINK OUR DUTY STATION SHOULDBE HERE, TO BE READY ON AMOMENT'S NOTICE TO HELP THECITIZENS THAT WE HAVE THEPRIVILEGE OF SERVING.BECAUSE IF THERE'S ONE THINGABOUT THIS CRISIS THAT WE'VEALREADY SEEN IS THAT NEWCHALLENGES POP UP EVERY DAY.EVERY MINUTE, EVERY HOUR.AND YET WE'RE GOING TO GO ONRECESS FOR ALMOST A MONTH.DON'T UNDERSTAND THIS.I DON'T AGREE WITH IT.AND I CERTAINLY HOPE,MR. PRESIDENT, IF AND WHEN OURCOUNTRY NEEDS US, IF WE SEE SOMEBIG MISTAKES IN THISLEGISLATION, IF WE RECOGNIZEWHOLE GROUPS OF

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< ?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?><>

< start="1.534" dur="5.272">PLEASE FOLLOW ME IN THE PLEDGE>

< start="3.135" dur="4.572">OF ALLEGIANCE.>

< start="6.139" dur="2.535">I PLEDGE ALLEGIANCE>

< start="6.906" dur="4.471">TO THE FLAG>

< start="7.807" dur="4.238">OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,>

< start="8.774" dur="3.904">AND TO THE REPUBLIC>

< start="11.477" dur="1.902">FOR WHICH IT STANDS,>

< start="12.145" dur="1.968">ONE NATION UNDER GOD,>

< start="12.778" dur="28.062">INDIVISIBLE,>

< start="13.479" dur="28.028">WITH LIBERTY>

< start="14.213" dur="28.896">AND JUSTICE FOR ALL.>

< start="40.94" dur="3.37">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="41.607" dur="4.405">SENATOR FROM IOWA.>

< start="43.209" dur="3.437">MR. GRASSLEY: I ASK TO SPEAK FOR>

< start="44.41" dur="3.404">ONE MINUTE IN MORNING BUSINESS.>

< start="46.112" dur="2.636">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="46.746" dur="2.936">OBJECTION.>

< start="47.914" dur="2.969">MR. GRASSLEY: AS CHAIRMAN OF THE>

< start="48.848" dur="4.338">FINANCE COMMITTEE AND HEAD OF>

< start="49.782" dur="5.005">THE TASK FORCE, I WANT TO>

< start="50.983" dur="7.241">HIGHLIGHT A FEW AREAS OF>

< start="53.286" dur="5.972">BIPARTISAN ECONOMIC RELIEF WE>

< start="54.887" dur="6.774">WILL BE VOTING ON TODAY.>

< start="58.324" dur="5.205">RECOVERY CHECKS TO GIVE>

< start="59.358" dur="6.207">AMERICANS NEEDED CASH TO PROVIDE>

< start="61.761" dur="5.772">FOR THEIR FAMILIES AND GET>

< start="63.629" dur="5.84">THROUGH OUR CURRENT HEALTH>

< start="65.665" dur="6.406">CRISIS LOOK LIKE THIS.>

< start="67.633" dur="5.372">$1,200 FOR INDIVIDUALS, $2,400>

< start="69.569" dur="6.106">FOR MARRIED COUPLES, $500 FOR>

< start="72.171" dur="6.507">EACH CHILD.>

< start="73.105" dur="5.906">THERE'S NO MINIMUM, NO PHASE-IN.>

< start="75.775" dur="5.405">IT STARTS OUT AT THE LOWEST>

< start="78.778" dur="4.271">LEVEL.>

< start="79.111" dur="5.206">ANYONE WITH A SOCIAL SECURITY>

< start="81.28" dur="5.639">NUMBER WHO IS NOT DEPENDENT ON>

< start="83.149" dur="4.003">ANYONE ELSE SHOULD BE ELIGIBLE>

< start="84.417" dur="5.872">FOR A CHECK UNDER THE INCOME>

< start="87.019" dur="5.573">CAPS.>

< start="87.253" dur="6.74">WE ALSO HAVE A VERY STRONG>

< start="90.389" dur="5.206">UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION>

< start="92.692" dur="5.872">ADDITIONS TO THE PRESENT PROGRAM>

< start="94.093" dur="5.973">IN THIS BILL.>

< start="95.695" dur="6.773">WE ALSO HAVE INCENTIVES TO HELP>

< start="98.664" dur="4.171">CHARITIES BECAUSE THEY PLAY A>

< start="100.166" dur="5.706">VERY IMPORTANT ROLE IN THIS>

< start="102.568" dur="6.24">RECOVERY.>

< start="102.935" dur="8.509">MY COLLEAGUES ACROSS THE AISLE>

< start="105.972" dur="5.772">SAID LAST WEEK THAT THE BUSINESS>

< start="108.908" dur="4.705">TAX ISSUES WERE CORPORATE>

< start="111.544" dur="2.769">BAILOUTS.>

< start="111.844" dur="4.638">THAT COULDN'T BE FURTHER FROM>

< start="113.713" dur="4.004">THE TRUTH.>

< start="114.413" dur="4.872">I THINK MY DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES>

< start="116.582" dur="6.006">NOW AGREE.>

< start="117.817" dur="6.473">THIS IS ABOUT HELPING OUR>

< start="119.385" dur="7.741">WORKERS KEEP THEIR JOBS, OUR>

< start="122.688" dur="5.806">ECONOMIC RELIEF PACKAGE TO>

< start="124.39" dur="5.606">RECOVER THIS ECONOMY HAS>

< start="127.226" dur="6.006">PROVISIONS TO HELP BUSINESSES SO>

< start="128.594" dur="5.539">THAT THEY HAVE THE CASH TO KEEP>

< start="130.096" dur="6.339">THE DOORS OPEN AND KEEP MAKING>

< start="133.332" dur="4.572">PAYROLL.>

< start="134.233" dur="4.605">WE ALL WORKED HARD, ALONG WITH>

< start="136.535" dur="4.839">THE ADMINISTRATION, TO GET THIS>

< start="138.004" dur="5.572">JOB DONE.>

< start="138.938" dur="6.24">NOW IT'S TIME TO VOTE ON THIS>

< start="141.474" dur="4.604">BILL AND DELIVER RELIEF FOR THE>

< start="143.676" dur="3.603">AMERICAN PEOPLE AND TO RECOVER>

< start="145.278" dur="2.702">THIS ECONOMY.>

< start="146.178" dur="56.657">GET THE STRONG ECONOMY BACK THAT>

< start="147.379" dur="56.323">WE HAD.>

< start="148.08" dur="55.689">I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="202.935" dur="1.368">MR. McCONNELL: MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="203.836" dur="3.57">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="204.403" dur="6.14">MAJORITY LEADER OF THE SENATE.>

< start="205.538" dur="9.142">MR. McCONNELL: IT'S ONLY BEEN>

< start="207.506" dur="10.511">65 DAYS SINCE THE FIRST AMERICAN>

< start="210.643" dur="7.441">TESTED POSITIVE WITH THE NEW>

< start="214.78" dur="5.339">CORONAVIRUS ON OUR SOIL, AND>

< start="218.15" dur="4.338">BARELY -- AND IN BARELY TWO>

< start="220.219" dur="5.606">MONTHS, THIS PANDEMIC HAS>

< start="221.42" dur="6.574">UPENDED OUR NATION.>

< start="222.588" dur="8.075">AS OF THIS MORNING, MORE THAN>

< start="225.925" dur="4.971">175 MILLION AMERICANS HAVE BEEN>

< start="228.094" dur="5.238">ADVISED TO REMAIN IN THEIR>

< start="230.763" dur="6.607">HOMES.>

< start="230.997" dur="9.009">MORE THAN HALF OF OUR PEOPLE ARE>

< start="233.432" dur="7.608">EFFECTIVELY SHELTERING IN PLACE.>

< start="237.47" dur="6.673">HOSPITALS IN MAJOR CITIES ARE>

< start="240.106" dur="5.972">PUSHING CAPACITY.>

< start="241.14" dur="6.473">DOCTORS AND NURSES ARE EXLAWSING>

< start="244.243" dur="3.67">CRUCIAL SUPPLIES.>

< start="246.178" dur="3.971">-- ARE EXHAUSTING CRUCIAL>

< start="247.713" dur="4.438">SUPPLIES.>

< start="248.013" dur="5.473">AND IF THAT WERE NOT ENOUGH FOR>

< start="250.249" dur="5.406">AMERICANS TO FIGHT TO STAY>

< start="252.251" dur="7.307">HEALTHY, THEY'RE ALSO FIGHTING>

< start="253.586" dur="6.907">TO KEEP THEIR PAYCHECKS, TO KEEP>

< start="255.755" dur="6.373">SUPPORTING THEIR FAMILIES.>

< start="259.658" dur="3.771">COMBATING THIS DISEASE HAS>

< start="260.593" dur="6.606">FORCED OUR COUNTRY TO PUT HUGE>

< start="262.228" dur="6.339">PARTS OF OUR NATIONAL LIFE ON>

< start="263.529" dur="7.207">PAUSE AND TRIGGERED LAYOFFS AT A>

< start="267.299" dur="7.608">BREATH-TAKING PACE.>

< start="268.667" dur="8.109">THIS STRANGE NEW REALITY HAS>

< start="270.836" dur="8.175">FORCED OUR NATION ON TO>

< start="275.007" dur="4.271">SOMETHING LIKE WAR-TIME FOOTING.>

< start="276.876" dur="5.705">A FIGHT HAS ARRIVED ON OUR>

< start="279.111" dur="5.939">SHORES.>

< start="279.378" dur="7.374">WE DID NOT SEEK IT, WE DID NOT>

< start="282.681" dur="7.108">WANT IT, BUT NOW WE'RE GOING TO>

< start="285.15" dur="6.007">WIN IT.>

< start="286.852" dur="6.073">TEN DAYS AGO, I LAID OUT FOUR>

< start="289.889" dur="4.938">URGENT PRIORITIES FOR NEW SENATE>

< start="291.257" dur="7.674">LEGISLATION TO HELP OUR NATION>

< start="293.025" dur="7.775">THROUGH THIS CRISIS.>

< start="294.927" dur="7.074">WE HAD TO GET DIRECT, DIRECT>

< start="299.031" dur="6.039">FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO THE>

< start="300.9" dur="7.007">AMERICAN PEOPLE.>

< start="302.101" dur="8.742">WE HAD TO GET HISTORIC AID TO>

< start="305.17" dur="8.543">SMALL BUSINESSES TO KEEP>

< start="308.007" dur="7.307">PAYCHECKS FLOWING, STABILIZE KEY>

< start="310.943" dur="6.507">INDUSTRIES TO BE PREVENT MASS>

< start="313.813" dur="5.872">LAYOFFS, AND OF COURSE FLOOD>

< start="315.414" dur="4.605">MORE RESOURCES INTO THE>

< start="317.55" dur="5.472">FRONTLINE HEALTH CARE BATTLE>

< start="319.785" dur="4.738">ITSELF.>

< start="320.119" dur="9.309">ONE WEEK AGO, SENATE REPUBLICANS>

< start="323.122" dur="9.376">LAID DOWN AN INITIAL PROPOSAL>

< start="324.623" dur="9.376">THAT TACKLED EACH, EACH OF THESE>

< start="329.528" dur="7.408">EMERGENCY MISSIONS.>

< start="332.598" dur="6.273">OUR MEMBERS PUT FORWARD BOLD>

< start="334.099" dur="6.974">PLANS TO SEND CASH TO>

< start="337.036" dur="6.773">HOUSEHOLDS, STAND UP HISTORIC>

< start="338.971" dur="6.673">EMERGENCY LOANS FOR MAIN STREET,>

< start="341.173" dur="6.34">STABILIZE KEY SECTORS, AND PUT>

< start="343.909" dur="4.972">THE FULL MIGHT OF CONGRESS>

< start="345.744" dur="5.773">BEHIND OUR DOCTORS, NURSES,>

< start="347.613" dur="6.406">HOSPITALS, HEALTH CARE>

< start="348.981" dur="8.375">PROVIDERS, AND THE RACE FOR>

< start="351.617" dur="8.008">TREATMENTS AND VACCINES.>

< start="354.119" dur="5.84">I COULDN'T BE PROUDER,>

< start="357.456" dur="5.472">MR. PRESIDENT, OF OUR>

< start="359.725" dur="7.474">COLLEAGUES.>

< start="360.059" dur="8.542">OUR NATION NEEDED US TO GO BIG>

< start="363.028" dur="8.042">AND GO FAST, AND THEY DID.>

< start="367.299" dur="6.273">THE CREATIVE POLICIES OUR>

< start="368.701" dur="7.274">CHAIRMAN CRAFTED IN JUST A>

< start="371.17" dur="8.308">COUPLE OF DAYS' TIME REMAIN THE>

< start="373.672" dur="6.974">CENTRAL BUILDING BLOCKS OF THE>

< start="376.075" dur="8.241">PROPOSAL WE WILL PASS TODAY.>

< start="379.578" dur="6.34">BUT REPUBLICANS KNEW THE NATION>

< start="380.746" dur="8.208">HAD NO TIME, NO TIME FOR>

< start="384.416" dur="6.741">CONVENTIONAL POLITICAL>

< start="386.018" dur="6.407">GAMESMANSHIP, SO THE INSTANT WE>

< start="389.054" dur="4.538">RELEASED OUR FIRST DRAFT, I>

< start="391.257" dur="3.503">CREATED A SERIES OF BIPARTISAN>

< start="392.525" dur="4.104">WORKING GROUPS, I ASKED>

< start="393.692" dur="4.672">REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS TO>

< start="394.86" dur="5.673">WORK TOGETHER AROUND THE CLOCK,>

< start="396.729" dur="6.406">LITERALLY AROUND THE CLOCK TO>

< start="398.464" dur="6.006">MAKE THE BILL EVEN BETTER.>

< start="400.633" dur="7.374">BY SUNDAY, WE HAD AN UPDATED>

< start="403.235" dur="7.975">PROPOSAL THAT WAS EVEN STRONGER>

< start="404.57" dur="6.974">AND CONTAINED EVEN MORE IDEAS>

< start="408.107" dur="4.371">LITERALLY FROM BOTH SIDES, BOTH>

< start="411.31" dur="3.971">SIDES.>

< start="411.644" dur="5.672">REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS HAD>

< start="412.578" dur="5.372">WORKED TOGETHER TO DRAMATICALLY>

< start="415.381" dur="3.937">STRENGTHEN AND REWORK>

< start="417.416" dur="3.404">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DURING>

< start="418.05" dur="4.738">THIS CRISIS.>

< start="419.418" dur="8.108">WE HAD WORKED TOGETHER TO MAKE>

< start="420.92" dur="9.943">SURE LOWER INCOME FAMILIES COULD>

< start="422.888" dur="8.909">RECEIVE THE FULL CASH ASSISTANCE>

< start="427.626" dur="6.707">, AND ON AND ON.>

< start="430.963" dur="6.34">MR. PRESIDENT, I WILL LEAVE IT>

< start="431.897" dur="8.275">TO OTHERS TO COMPARE THE>

< start="434.433" dur="7.608">BIPARTISAN SUNDAY BILL TO THE>

< start="437.403" dur="9.176">FINAL VERSION WE WILL PASS TODAY>

< start="440.272" dur="9.944">AND DETERMINE WHETHER THE LAST>

< start="442.141" dur="10.077">FEW CHANGES REALLY REQUIRED OR>

< start="446.679" dur="9.276">MERITED THREE DAYS OF DELAY.>

< start="450.316" dur="7.707">THREE DAYS OF DELAY.>

< start="452.318" dur="7.741">IN THE FACE OF THIS WORSENING>

< start="456.055" dur="6.44">CRISIS.>

< start="458.123" dur="7.475">BUT THAT WASHINGTON DRAMA DOES>

< start="460.159" dur="8.642">NOT MATTER ANY MORE.>

< start="462.595" dur="9.576">THE SENATE IS GOING TO STAND>

< start="465.698" dur="7.841">TOGETHER, ACT TOGETHER, AND PASS>

< start="468.901" dur="5.505">THIS HISTORIC RELIEF PACKAGE>

< start="472.271" dur="4.171">TODAY.>

< start="473.639" dur="5.005">STRUGGLING AMERICANS ARE GOING>

< start="474.506" dur="6.007">TO GO TO THEIR MAILBOXES AND>

< start="476.542" dur="4.638">FIND FOUR-FIGURE CHECKS TO HELP>

< start="478.744" dur="5.973">WITH THEIR BILLS.>

< start="480.613" dur="6.072">WHY?>

< start="481.28" dur="7.374">BECAUSE THE SENATE STEPPED UP.>

< start="484.817" dur="7.14">MANY AMERICAN FAMILIES WHO HAVE>

< start="486.785" dur="6.44">POURED EVERYTHING INTO A>

< start="488.754" dur="6.807">RESTAURANT OR A SHOP OR A SMALL>

< start="492.057" dur="6.907">MANUFACTURER ARE GOING TO KEEP>

< start="493.325" dur="8.576">MAKING PAYROLL AND KEEP THEIR>

< start="495.661" dur="8.408">BUSINESSES ALIVE BECAUSE THIS>

< start="499.064" dur="6.74">SENATE STEPPED UP.>

< start="502.001" dur="6.74">HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF WORKERS>

< start="504.169" dur="5.973">IN KEY SECTORS WHO MIGHT WELL>

< start="505.904" dur="6.907">HAVE BEEN LAID OFF THROUGH NO>

< start="508.841" dur="6.673">FAULT OF THEIR OWN WILL INSTEAD>

< start="510.242" dur="8.508">GET TO KEEP THEIR JOB AND>

< start="512.911" dur="10.277">CONTINUE THEIR CAREER BECAUSE>

< start="515.614" dur="9.41">THIS SENATE STEPPED UP.>

< start="518.85" dur="7.341">AND FOR THE HEALTH CARE HEROES>

< start="523.288" dur="6.34">WHO LEAVE THEIR OWN SLEEPING>

< start="525.124" dur="6.64">CHILDREN AND DRIVE TO THE>

< start="526.291" dur="7.875">HOSPITAL FOR AN ALL-NIGHT SHIFT,>

< start="529.728" dur="7.208">WHO SPEND HOUR AFTER HOUR>

< start="531.864" dur="5.139">HEALING THE SICK, COMFORTING>

< start="534.266" dur="4.605">STRANGERS, AND LITERALLY>

< start="537.069" dur="6.84">BATTLING THIS DISEASE, THERE>

< start="538.971" dur="7.541">WILL BE MORE MASKS IN THEIR>

< start="541.473" dur="7.374">SUPPLY CLOSETS, MORE FUNDING FOR>

< start="544.009" dur="7.308">THEIR HOSPITALS, AND SOON MORE>

< start="546.612" dur="7.941">NEW TREATMENTS TO ADMINISTER TO>

< start="548.947" dur="6.907">THEIR PATIENTS.>

< start="551.417" dur="5.505">BECAUSE THIS SENATE STEPPED UP.>

< start="554.653" dur="6.006">SO TODAY, MR. PRESIDENT, THE>

< start="555.954" dur="8.042">SENATE WILL ACT TO HELP THE>

< start="557.022" dur="9.109">PEOPLE OF THIS COUNTRY WEATHER>

< start="560.759" dur="6.073">THIS STORM.>

< start="564.096" dur="5.405">NOBODY THINKS LEGISLATION CAN>

< start="566.231" dur="5.272">END THIS.>

< start="566.932" dur="7.107">WE CANNOT OUTLAW THE VIRUS.>

< start="569.601" dur="6.741">AND NO ECONOMIC POLICY COULD>

< start="571.603" dur="6.807">FULLY END THE HARDSHIP SO LONG>

< start="574.139" dur="8.809">AS THE PUBLIC HEALTH REQUIRES>

< start="576.442" dur="10.443">THAT WE PUT SO MUCH OF OUR>

< start="578.51" dur="9.844">NATION'S COMMERCE ON ICE.>

< start="583.048" dur="9.91">THIS IS NOT EVEN A STIMULUS>

< start="586.985" dur="6.974">PACKAGE.>

< start="588.454" dur="8.074">IT IS EMERGENCY RELIEF.>

< start="593.058" dur="4.772">EMERGENCY RELIEF, THAT'S WHAT>

< start="594.059" dur="6.206">THIS IS.>

< start="596.628" dur="4.338">NO, THIS FIGHT IS NOT GOING TO>

< start="597.93" dur="6.873">BE WON OR LOST IN WASHINGTON.>

< start="600.365" dur="6.173">IT'S THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WHO>

< start="601.066" dur="7.841">WILL BEAT THIS VIRUS.>

< start="604.903" dur="4.371">AMERICANS WILL KEEP MAKING>

< start="606.638" dur="3.671">SACRIFICES TO SLOW DOWN THE>

< start="609.007" dur="4.739">SPREAD.>

< start="609.374" dur="5.873">AMERICANS WILL KEEP PITCHING IN>

< start="610.409" dur="8.742">AND LOOKING AFTER EACH OTHER.>

< start="613.846" dur="6.706">AMERICANS WILL KEEP FINDING>

< start="615.347" dur="7.941">CREATIVE WAYS TO STAND UNITED,>

< start="619.251" dur="5.539">EVEN IF THEY HAVE TO STAND SIX>

< start="620.652" dur="10.311">FEET APART.>

< start="623.388" dur="8.542">WE WILL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSE>

< start="624.89" dur="10.277">OF PEOPLE LIKE AMY JEAN TYLER, A>

< start="631.063" dur="5.739">STAY-AT-HOME MOM IN KENTUCKY WHO>

< start="632.03" dur="5.072">IS LEADING A DRIVE TO SEW COTTON>

< start="635.267" dur="4.037">MASKS FOR A LOCAL CHILDREN'S>

< start="636.902" dur="5.672">HOSPITAL.>

< start="637.202" dur="6.874">WE'LL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSE OF>

< start="639.404" dur="6.307">PEOPLE LIKE GRANT HASTY IN>

< start="642.674" dur="4.905">STERNS, KENTUCKY, WHO HAS>

< start="644.176" dur="4.405">GATHERED VOLUNTEERS TO>

< start="645.811" dur="3.837">DISTRIBUTE MORE THAN 550>

< start="647.679" dur="5.239">HOME-COOKED MEALS.>

< start="648.681" dur="6.106">WE WILL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSE>

< start="649.748" dur="6.473">OF PEOPLE LIKE PEG HAYES WHO>

< start="653.018" dur="5.606">RUNS A DISTILLERY IN CHRISTIAN>

< start="654.887" dur="6.807">COUNTY, KENTUCKY, AND IS>

< start="656.321" dur="10.244">TEMPORARILY CONVERTING HER>

< start="658.724" dur="9.109">BOURBON-MAKING FACILITY TO CHURN>

< start="661.794" dur="7.174">HAND SANITIZER.>

< start="666.665" dur="5.139">WE'LL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSE>

< start="667.933" dur="5.405">NATIONAL COMPANIES ARE SWITCHING>

< start="669.068" dur="5.105">PRODUCTION LINES TO MAKE MEDICAL>

< start="671.904" dur="4.004">SUPPLIES, BECAUSE OUR LARGEST>

< start="673.438" dur="7.007">HIGH-TECH COMPANIES ARE>

< start="674.273" dur="7.841">PARTNERING WITH THE GOVERNMENT>

< start="676.008" dur="6.406">TO THROW SUPERCOMPUTING POWER>

< start="680.545" dur="3.104">RIGHT INTO THE RACE TO PROVIDE>

< start="682.214" dur="3.203">VACCINES.>

< start="682.514" dur="4.071">WE'LL WIN THIS FIGHT BECAUSE OF>

< start="683.749" dur="6.54">FAMILIES, NEIGHBORS, AND CHURCH>

< start="685.517" dur="6.54">COMMUNITIES THAT CANNOT EVEN>

< start="686.685" dur="8.108">WORSHIP TOGETHER IN PERSON,>

< start="690.389" dur="6.239">BECAUSE OF SMALL BUSINESSES, BIG>

< start="692.157" dur="4.838">BUSINESSES, PUBLIC HEALTH,>

< start="694.893" dur="4.505">PH.D.'S, AND LOCAL>

< start="696.728" dur="4.338">ENTREPRENEURS.>

< start="697.095" dur="5.606">IT'S BEEN 18 YEARS SINCE EVERY>

< start="699.498" dur="4.771">AMERICAN WAS UNITED IN AMAZEMENT>

< start="701.166" dur="6.106">AND PRAYER AS FIREFIGHTERS AND>

< start="702.801" dur="5.606">FIRST RESPONDERS RUSHED INTO>

< start="704.369" dur="7.141">BURNING BUILDINGS ON>

< start="707.372" dur="7.174">SEPTEMBER 11, 2001.>

< start="708.507" dur="8.909">IN THE COMING DAYS AND WEEKS,>

< start="711.61" dur="9.476">OUR NATION IS GOING TO MEET NEW>

< start="714.646" dur="9.276">HEROES.>

< start="717.516" dur="7.774">MANY MAY BE POLICE,>

< start="721.186" dur="7.975">FIREFIGHTERS, AND E.M.T.'S ONCE>

< start="724.022" dur="6.607">AGAIN.>

< start="725.39" dur="6.874">MANY OTHERS WILL BE TRUCK>

< start="729.261" dur="8.308">DRIVERS, GROCERY STORE CLERKS,>

< start="730.729" dur="8.842">AND PHARMACISTS WHO LITERALLY>

< start="732.364" dur="9.543">KEEP OUR SUPPLY CHAINS RUNNING.>

< start="737.669" dur="5.739">UTILITY WORKERS AND DELIVERY>

< start="739.671" dur="6.307">DRIVERS WHO LEAVE THEIR HOMES SO>

< start="742.007" dur="5.706">EVERYONE ELSE CAN REMAIN IN>

< start="743.508" dur="5.673">THEIRS.>

< start="746.078" dur="5.372">TEACHERS WHO SOMEHOW MANAGE TO>

< start="747.813" dur="5.205">KEEP EDUCATING THEIR STUDENTS>

< start="749.281" dur="4.404">OVER THE INTERNET WHILE LOOKING>

< start="751.55" dur="4.605">AFTER THEIR OWN KIDS AT THE VERY>

< start="753.118" dur="4.805">SAME TIME.>

< start="753.785" dur="8.709">AND MOST OF ALL, WE'RE GOING TO>

< start="756.255" dur="7.541">MEET A WHOLE LOT OF AMERICAN>

< start="758.023" dur="8.041">HEROES WHO WEAR SCRUBS AND MASKS>

< start="762.594" dur="5.239">AND GLOVES.>

< start="763.896" dur="5.238">HEROES WHO RUSH TOWARD THE SICK>

< start="766.164" dur="6.507">AND WASH THEIR HANDS UNTIL THEY>

< start="767.933" dur="5.038">BLEED AND WORK AROUND THE CLOCK>

< start="769.234" dur="5.406">TO HEAL OUR FRIENDS AND OUR>

< start="772.771" dur="5.406">FAMILIES.>

< start="773.071" dur="6.64">WHEN OUR NATION COMES THROUGH>

< start="774.74" dur="7.574">THIS AND TAKES FIGHT, WHEN OUR>

< start="778.277" dur="6.273">NATION COMES THROUGH THIS AND>

< start="779.811" dur="9.51">TAKES FLIGHT AGAIN ON THE OTHER>

< start="782.414" dur="8.575">SIDE, IT WILL BE BECAUSE>

< start="784.65" dur="9.376">AMERICAN HEROES WON THIS FIGHT.>

< start="789.421" dur="6.34">ALL THE SENATE CAN DO IS TO GIVE>

< start="791.089" dur="23.057">THEM THE RESOURCES TO DO IT AND>

< start="794.126" dur="20.02">THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT WE'RE GOING>

< start="795.861" dur="18.285">TO DO TODAY.>

< start="843.575" dur="2.97">MR. McCONNELL: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="845.377" dur="2.002">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="846.011" dur="2.536">SENATE MAJORITY LEADER.>

< start="846.645" dur="3.337">MR. McCONNELL: I ASK UNANIMOUS>

< start="847.479" dur="3.404">CONSENT THAT NOTWITHSTANDING THE>

< start="848.647" dur="5.505">PROVISION OF RULE 22, THE>

< start="850.082" dur="5.405">CLOTURE MOTION WITH RESPECT TO>

< start="850.983" dur="5.572">THE MOTION TO PROCEED TO H.R.>

< start="854.252" dur="4.639">748 OCCUR AT A TIME TO BE>

< start="855.587" dur="5.372">DETERMINED BY THE MAJORITY>

< start="856.655" dur="4.571">LEADER IN CONSULTATION WITH THE>

< start="858.991" dur="2.802">DEMOCRATIC LEADER DURING TODAY'S>

< start="861.059" dur="1.535">SESSION.>

< start="861.326" dur="25.593">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: IS>

< start="861.893" dur="25.86">THERE OBJECTION?>

< start="862.694" dur="32.466">WITHOUT OBJECTION.>

< start="887.019" dur="8.141">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="887.853" dur="7.307">CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="896.595" dur="3.737">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="1173.204" dur="3.938">MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="1174.005" dur="5.806">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="1174.572" dur="7.642">SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.>

< start="1177.242" dur="5.572">MR. DURBIN: YOU HAVE AN>

< start="1179.911" dur="4.137">ANNOUNCEMENT?>

< start="1182.314" dur="3.603">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="1182.915" dur="4.137">SENATE IS IN A QUORUM CALL.>

< start="1184.148" dur="3.504">MR. DURBIN: I ASK THE QUORUM>

< start="1186.017" dur="2.77">CALL BE VITIATED.>

< start="1187.152" dur="2.369">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="1187.753" dur="2.836">LEADERSHIP TIME IS RESERVED.>

< start="1188.887" dur="2.936">MORNING BUSINESS IS CLOSED.>

< start="1189.621" dur="4.204">THE SENATE WILL RESUME>

< start="1190.689" dur="4.604">CONSIDERATION OF THE MOTION TO>

< start="1191.923" dur="5.139">PROCEED TO H.R. 748 WHICH THE>

< start="1193.925" dur="6.64">CLERK WILL REPORT.>

< start="1195.393" dur="6.807">THE CLERK: MOTION TO PROCEED TO>

< start="1197.162" dur="7.374">H.R. 748, AN ACT TO AMEND THE>

< start="1200.665" dur="5.172">INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986 TO>

< start="1202.3" dur="6.64">REPEAL THE EXCISE TAX ON>

< start="1204.636" dur="4.871">HIGH-COST EMPLOYER-SPONSORED>

< start="1205.937" dur="4.137">HEALTH COVERAGE.>

< start="1209.04" dur="2.069">MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="1209.607" dur="2.436">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="1210.174" dur="2.803">SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.>

< start="1211.209" dur="3.937">MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT,>

< start="1212.143" dur="4.205">AMERICA HAS NEVER SEEN ANYTHING>

< start="1213.077" dur="5.006">LIKE THIS BEFORE.>

< start="1215.246" dur="4.605">TO THINK THAT HALF OF THE PEOPLE>

< start="1216.448" dur="5.605">WHO LIVE IN THE UNITED STATES>

< start="1218.183" dur="7.574">ARE UNDER SOME ORDER TO EITHER>

< start="1219.951" dur="7.574">STAY HOME OR AT LEAST AVOID>

< start="1222.153" dur="7.508">CONTACT WITH OTHERS, UNHEARD OF.>

< start="1225.857" dur="7.04">THIS IS AN ENEMY, THIS VIRUS,>

< start="1227.625" dur="7.141">THE LIKES OF WHICH WE'VE NEVER>

< start="1229.761" dur="7.207">FACED AS STRONG AND DETERMINED>

< start="1232.997" dur="4.238">OUR NATION IS WHEN IT COMES TO>

< start="1234.866" dur="4.738">THESE CHALLENGES, THIS IS >

< start="1237.068" dur="2.87">UNIQUE.>

< start="1237.335" dur="4.305">AND IT CALLS FOR UNIQUE>

< start="1239.704" dur="3.837">LEADERSHIP.>

< start="1240.038" dur="5.305">THERE ARE A LOT OF CRITICS OF>

< start="1241.74" dur="5.205">THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS FOR>

< start="1243.641" dur="6.307">GOOD REASON, BUT I THINK WHAT>

< start="1245.443" dur="6.24">WE'VE DEMONSTRATED IN THE LAST>

< start="1247.045" dur="9.009">SEVERAL WEEKS SINCE WE'VE>

< start="1250.048" dur="10.043">ADDRESSED THIS CORONAVIRUS IS>

< start="1251.783" dur="11.311">THAT THERE IS A CAPACITY FOR>

< start="1256.154" dur="8.709">COMMONSENSE BIPARTISAN WORK AND>

< start="1260.191" dur="7.441">A TIMELINESS THAT IS ESSENTIAL.>

< start="1263.194" dur="5.506">FIRST TWO MEASURES WERE PASSED>

< start="1264.963" dur="6.506">IN RECORD TIME, ONE FOR $8>

< start="1267.732" dur="6.707">BILLION THAT REALLY OPENED THE>

< start="1268.8" dur="7.241">DOOR FOR MORE MEDICAL RESOURCES.>

< start="1271.569" dur="5.539">THE SECOND FOR $100 BILLION>

< start="1274.539" dur="5.005">WHICH TRIED TO GUARANTEE TO>

< start="1276.141" dur="5.605">PEOPLE THEY WOULD NEVER HAVE TO>

< start="1277.208" dur="6.507">PAY TO BE TESTED FOR>

< start="1279.644" dur="6.774">CORONAVIRUS, THAT THERE WOULD BE>

< start="1281.846" dur="6.807">ADEQUATE FOOD SUPPLIES DURING>

< start="1283.815" dur="6.473">THIS CALAMITOUS TIME, THAT WE>

< start="1286.518" dur="5.739">WOULD HAVE RESOURCES SENT TO THE>

< start="1288.753" dur="5.906">STATES FOR MEDICAID>

< start="1290.388" dur="5.806">REIMBURSEMENT AT NEW LEVELS,>

< start="1292.357" dur="5.706">THAT WE WOULD ALSO ENGAGE PEOPLE>

< start="1294.759" dur="6.073">WITH FAMILY LEAVE IF NECESSARY>

< start="1296.294" dur="6.507">SO THAT THEY COULD STAY OUT OF>

< start="1298.163" dur="7.04">THE WORKPLACE IF THEY FELT>

< start="1300.932" dur="7.474">BADLY, AND THAT WE'D ALSO HAVE>

< start="1302.901" dur="8.475">AN IDEA THAT WE WOULD COME>

< start="1305.303" dur="6.373">TOGETHER AS A NATION TO MOVE>

< start="1308.506" dur="5.105">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE WITH>

< start="1311.476" dur="5.005">DISPATCH.>

< start="1311.776" dur="7.174">THAT PASSED AGAIN IN A TIMELY>

< start="1313.711" dur="6.44">WAY WITH A BIPARTISAN VOTE.>

< start="1316.581" dur="5.339">AND THEN WE CAME TO THE THIRD>

< start="1319.083" dur="5.039">CHALLENGE, A CHALLENGE THE LIKES>

< start="1320.251" dur="6.04">OF WHICH I'VE NEVER SEEN IN MY>

< start="1322.02" dur="6.84">TIME IN CONGRESS AND I DON'T>

< start="1324.222" dur="6.84">IMAGINE ANYONE ELSE HAS.>

< start="1326.391" dur="8.675">BECAUSE WE DECIDED IN A SPAN OF>

< start="1328.96" dur="7.875">ABOUT SEVEN DAYS TO COME UP WITH>

< start="1331.162" dur="8.108">A PACKAGE OF AUTHORIZATIONS AND>

< start="1335.166" dur="6.173">APPROPRIATIONS WHICH IS LARGER>

< start="1336.935" dur="5.138">THAN THE ANNUAL FEDERAL BUDGET>

< start="1339.37" dur="4.538">FOR DOMESTIC DISCRETIONARY>

< start="1341.439" dur="4.471">SPENDING IN AMERICA.>

< start="1342.173" dur="5.973">IN SEVEN DAYS WE DID WHAT>

< start="1344.008" dur="7.241">USUALLY TAKES 12 MONTHS OR>

< start="1346.01" dur="7.04">LONGER, BUT WE KNEW WE HAD TO>

< start="1348.246" dur="6.34">BECAUSE THE NEED IS THAT GREAT.>

< start="1351.349" dur="4.271">AND AMERICA WAS WATCHING AND>

< start="1353.15" dur="4.038">WONDERING IF WE COULD RISE TO>

< start="1354.686" dur="5.072">THAT CHALLENGE.>

< start="1355.72" dur="5.973">THERE WAS SOME BUMPS IN THE ROAD>

< start="1357.288" dur="5.506">AND IT'S NO SURPRISE.>

< start="1359.858" dur="5.505">AN UNDERTAKING OF THAT MAGNITUDE>

< start="1361.793" dur="5.305">WITH THIS KIND OF PRESSURE TO>

< start="1362.894" dur="6.406">GET THE JOB DONE QUICKLY AND>

< start="1365.463" dur="4.07">PROPERLY IS BOUND TO CREATE>

< start="1367.198" dur="4.505">DIFFERENCES OF OPINION AND IT>

< start="1369.4" dur="3.704">DID.>

< start="1369.634" dur="7.107">THERE WERE MOMENTS OF ANXIETY ON>

< start="1371.803" dur="6.94">THE FLOOR OF THE SENATE AND>

< start="1373.204" dur="7.107">THOSE WHO HAVE FOLLOWED C-SPAN>

< start="1376.841" dur="5.606">HAVE WATCHED MANY SPEECHES THAT>

< start="1378.843" dur="3.871">REFLECTED THE EMOTIONAL LEVELS>

< start="1380.411" dur="4.372">THAT WERE REACHED IN THIS>

< start="1382.547" dur="4.371">CHAMBER.>

< start="1382.814" dur="5.973">BUT THE EMOTIONS IN THIS CHAMBER>

< start="1384.883" dur="6.306">WERE NOT THAT DIFFERENT THAN THE>

< start="1387.018" dur="6.206">EMOTIONS IN MOST HOMES ACROSS>

< start="1388.887" dur="6.54">AMERICA AS PEOPLE WORRY ABOUT>

< start="1391.289" dur="7.04">WHETHER THIS ILLNESS WILL TOUCH>

< start="1393.324" dur="6.373">THEIR FAMILIES AND IF SO, WILL>

< start="1395.527" dur="6.706">THEY BE ABLE TO CONQUER IT.>

< start="1398.429" dur="5.573">THAT EMOTION ON THE SENATE FLOOR>

< start="1399.797" dur="7.642">LED US TO FURTHER NEGOTIATIONS>

< start="1402.333" dur="6.707">IN AN EFFORT TO TRY TO MAKE A>

< start="1404.102" dur="7.507">BILL PRESENTED TO US ON SUNDAY>

< start="1407.539" dur="4.437">BETTER THREE DAYS LATER.>

< start="1409.14" dur="4.238">AND THAT BRINGS US TO THIS>

< start="1411.709" dur="3.771">MOMENT.>

< start="1412.076" dur="5.673">HISTORY WILL JUDGE AS THE>

< start="1413.478" dur="6.473">SENATOR FROM KENTUCKY NOTED>

< start="1415.58" dur="7.407">EARLIER AS TO WHETHER THERE'S AN>

< start="1417.849" dur="5.405">IMPROVEMENT THAT'S BEEN MADE TO>

< start="1420.051" dur="5.038">THIS BILL OVER THE LAST 72>

< start="1423.087" dur="7.141">HOURS.>

< start="1423.354" dur="8.109">I'LL JUST STAND UP AND TELL YOU>

< start="1425.189" dur="7.508">I WOULD TESTIFY DEFINITELY,>

< start="1430.328" dur="4.304">DEFINITELY BECAUSE JUST CONSIDER>

< start="1431.563" dur="4.304">THE FIRST PRIORITY.>

< start="1432.797" dur="5.673">WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT>

< start="1434.732" dur="5.372">HOSPITALS AND CLINICS AND HEALTH>

< start="1435.967" dur="6.139">CARE PROVIDERS AT EVERY LEVEL IN>

< start="1438.57" dur="4.838">AMERICA ARE PROPOSED TO RISE TO>

< start="1440.204" dur="4.639">THIS -- ARE PREPARED TO RISE TO>

< start="1442.206" dur="3.638">THIS CHALLENGE, AND WE KNOW THIS>

< start="1443.508" dur="5.405">IS A CHALLENGE THE LIKES OF>

< start="1444.943" dur="5.372">WHICH WE'VE NEVER SEEN.>

< start="1445.944" dur="7.374">WHEN THE GOVERNOR OF NEW YORK>

< start="1449.013" dur="7.174">SUGGESTS THAT THE HOSPITALS OF>

< start="1450.415" dur="8.341">THAT GREAT STATE EXPAND THEIR>

< start="1453.418" dur="7.741">CAPACITY BY 50% AS QUICKLY AS>

< start="1456.287" dur="6.64">POSSIBLE TO TAKE THE INCOMING>

< start="1458.856" dur="6.907">PATIENTS FROM THIS COVID-19>

< start="1461.259" dur="7.007">VIRUS AND BE PREPARED, HE SAID,>

< start="1463.027" dur="5.539">TO EXPAND IT BY 100%, WE>

< start="1465.863" dur="5.172">APPRECIATE THE MAGNITUDE OF THE>

< start="1468.366" dur="4.838">CHALLENGE.>

< start="1468.666" dur="6.407">ON THE DEMOCRATIC SIDE OUR>

< start="1471.135" dur="5.74">LEADER SENATOR SCHUMER HAS>

< start="1473.304" dur="5.873">CALLED IT A MARSHALL PLAN FOR>

< start="1475.173" dur="4.371">HOSPITALS AND HEALTH CARE.>

< start="1476.975" dur="3.737">I DON'T THINK THAT'S AN>

< start="1479.277" dur="5.038">EXAGGERATION.>

< start="1479.644" dur="6.539">THE BILL THAT WAS PRESENTED TO>

< start="1480.812" dur="7.808">US ON SUNDAY ENVISIONED SOME $75>

< start="1484.415" dur="5.272">BILLION FOR THAT PURPOSE AND>

< start="1486.283" dur="4.772">MANY OF US FELT THAT WAS NOT>

< start="1488.72" dur="3.77">ADEQUATE AS LARGE AS THAT NUMBER>

< start="1489.787" dur="4.138">MAY BE.>

< start="1491.155" dur="5.172">SO TODAY WE'LL BRING A BILL TO>

< start="1492.59" dur="5.94">THE FLOOR THAT WILL INCREASE>

< start="1494.025" dur="8.675">THAT ALLOCATION FOR HEALTH CARE>

< start="1496.427" dur="7.675">FROM THE $75 BILLION IN THE BILL>

< start="1498.63" dur="7.607">JUST THREE DAYS AGO TO $130>

< start="1502.8" dur="5.673">BILLION.>

< start="1504.202" dur="6.573">IS IT ENOUGH?>

< start="1506.337" dur="6.64">PROBABLY NOT UNLESS GOD SPARES>

< start="1508.573" dur="5.739">US FROM THE SPREAD OF THIS>

< start="1510.875" dur="7.074">DISEASE EVEN FURTHER IN THE>

< start="1513.077" dur="6.44">UNITED STATES.>

< start="1514.412" dur="6.073">BUT IT SAYS TO THOSE WHO ARE>

< start="1518.049" dur="5.105">ANXIOUSLY EXPANDING THEIR>

< start="1519.617" dur="5.94">RESOURCES, EXPANDING THE NUMBER>

< start="1520.585" dur="7.074">OF BEDS, BRINGING IN RETIRED>

< start="1523.254" dur="5.806">MEDICAL PERSONNEL AS THE>

< start="1525.657" dur="4.738">GOVERNOR FROM ILLINOIS J.P.>

< start="1527.759" dur="5.305">PRITZKER IS DOING, THAT WE HEAR>

< start="1529.16" dur="5.639">THEM AND WE'RE PROVIDING THEM>

< start="1530.495" dur="8.241">THE RESOURCES TO GO TO WORK TO>

< start="1533.164" dur="6.24">FIGHT THIS CHALLENGE THAT WE>

< start="1534.899" dur="8.075">FACE AT EVERY CORNER OF THE>

< start="1538.836" dur="5.472">UNITED STATES.>

< start="1539.504" dur="5.739">THE SECOND THING WE SET OUT TO>

< start="1543.074" dur="4.571">DO WHEN THE BILL WAS PRESENTED>

< start="1544.408" dur="3.571">SUNDAY WAS TO EXPAND THE>

< start="1545.343" dur="4.738">OPPORTUNITY FOR UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="1547.745" dur="4.205">INSURANCE.>

< start="1548.079" dur="4.971">SOME HAVE CRITICIZED ON THE>

< start="1550.181" dur="4.571">FLOOR AND SAID DON'T GET INTO>

< start="1552.05" dur="3.336">STRUCTURAL CHANGES.>

< start="1553.15" dur="5.406">WELL, YOU COULDN'T EXPAND>

< start="1554.852" dur="5.206">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE WITHOUT>

< start="1555.486" dur="6.507">GETTING INTO A STRUCTURAL CHANGE>

< start="1558.656" dur="4.872">BECAUSE THE SYSTEM WHICH AFFECTS>

< start="1560.158" dur="5.372">ONLY A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF>

< start="1562.093" dur="3.737">AMERICANS IS NOT ADEQUATE IN>

< start="1563.628" dur="3.704">MOST CASES TO KEEP A FAMILY>

< start="1565.63" dur="3.47">TOGETHER.>

< start="1565.93" dur="4.805">IF YOU LOSE YOUR JOB AND TRY TO>

< start="1567.432" dur="4.237">LIVE ON TAKE UNEMPLOYMENT CHECK>

< start="1569.2" dur="3.537">-- ON THAT UNEMPLOYMENT CHECK,>

< start="1570.835" dur="2.836">IT'S HARD TO DO.>

< start="1571.769" dur="4.338">PEOPLE LOSE THEIR HOMES OVER>

< start="1572.837" dur="3.537">THAT, THEIR CARS.>

< start="1573.771" dur="4.572">THEY CAN'T PAY THEIR UTILITY>

< start="1576.207" dur="3.804">BILLS.>

< start="1576.474" dur="5.272">AND SO WHAT WE'VE DONE, IT'S>

< start="1578.443" dur="3.603">BEEN DESCRIBED AS PUTTING>

< start="1580.111" dur="2.936">UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS ON>

< start="1581.846" dur="3.17">STEROIDS.>

< start="1582.146" dur="6.54">THE AMOUNT OF MONEY WHICH IS>

< start="1583.147" dur="7.007">GOING TO BE SENT TO FAMILIES WHO>

< start="1585.116" dur="6.173">ARE FURLOUGHED, LAID OFF, OR>

< start="1588.786" dur="4.405">UNEMPLOYED IS DRAMATICALLY>

< start="1590.255" dur="4.204">BIGGER THAN IT WOULD HAVE BEEN>

< start="1591.389" dur="5.372">IF WE HADN'T RESTRUCTURED>

< start="1593.291" dur="5.305">UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION.>

< start="1594.559" dur="5.305">AT THE SAME TIME, THE PRESIDENT>

< start="1596.861" dur="4.772">AND WHITE HOUSE SUGGESTED DIRECT>

< start="1598.696" dur="4.705">CASH PAYMENTS.>

< start="1599.964" dur="3.771">WE NEVER ARGUED AGAINST THOSE,>

< start="1601.733" dur="3.536">BUT SAID IT'S JUST A>

< start="1603.501" dur="3.237">DOWNPAYMENT.>

< start="1603.835" dur="4.437">IT'S JUST A SINGLE CHECK.>

< start="1605.369" dur="4.538">WE BELIEVE UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="1606.838" dur="4.437">INSURANCE IS GOING TO BE A>

< start="1608.372" dur="4.639">GUARANTEE OF PAYMENTS FOR MONTHS>

< start="1610.007" dur="4.405">TO COME.>

< start="1611.375" dur="4.572">SINCE SUNDAY WE EXPANDED THE>

< start="1613.111" dur="5.238">PERIOD OF ADDITIONAL>

< start="1614.512" dur="6.34">UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FROM>

< start="1616.047" dur="6.206">THREE MONTHS TO FOUR MONTHS.>

< start="1618.449" dur="5.105">THERE'S A BIG PRICE ON THAT, OF>

< start="1620.952" dur="4.337">COURSE, BUT WE THINK IT'S>

< start="1622.353" dur="4.338">REASONABLE TO GIVE PEOPLE PEACE>

< start="1623.654" dur="4.672">OF MIND THAT FOR FOUR MONTHS>

< start="1625.389" dur="4.805">THEY'LL BE ABLE TO KEEP THEIR>

< start="1626.791" dur="5.138">FAMILIES TOGETHER AS WE WORK OUR>

< start="1628.426" dur="4.638">WAY THROUGH THESE MEDICAL>

< start="1630.294" dur="3.738">CHALLENGES AND GOD WILLING SEE>

< start="1632.029" dur="4.205">OUR ECONOMY BACK ON ITS FEET.>

< start="1633.164" dur="4.838">I HOPE THAT HAPPENS.>

< start="1634.132" dur="4.137">I HOPE IT'S EVEN SOONER.>

< start="1636.334" dur="3.503">BUT WE'RE PREPARED FOR FOUR>

< start="1638.102" dur="3.871">MONTHS.>

< start="1638.369" dur="5.372">THE THIRD THING WE SET OUT TO DO>

< start="1639.937" dur="6.507">IS ONE THAT'S NEAR AND DEAR TO>

< start="1642.073" dur="7.674">MY IN MY STATE AND I BET IN MOST>

< start="1643.841" dur="8.008">OTHER STATES, WE SET OUT TO>

< start="1646.544" dur="6.773">COMPENSATE THE STATES AND SOME>

< start="1649.847" dur="5.339">LOCALITIES, COUNTIES, AND CITIES>

< start="1651.949" dur="5.206">WHICH ARE EXPENDING SUBSTANTIAL>

< start="1653.417" dur="6.874">SUMS OF MONEY BECAUSE OF>

< start="1655.286" dur="7.641">COVID-19 THREATS THAT THEY ARE>

< start="1657.255" dur="7.307">FACING.>

< start="1660.391" dur="5.472">LET'S FACE IT, FOR THE MOST>

< start="1663.027" dur="4.338">PART, OUR GOVERNORS HAVE BEEN IN>

< start="1664.662" dur="4.538">THE FRONT LINE OF DEFENSE WHEN>

< start="1665.963" dur="3.704">IT COMES TO AMERICA'S HEALTH>

< start="1667.465" dur="3.47">CARE OVER THE LAST SEVERAL>

< start="1669.3" dur="3.203">WEEKS.>

< start="1669.767" dur="4.838">THEY'VE DONE EXCEPTIONAL THINGS>

< start="1671.035" dur="4.872">AND THEY'VE BEEN CALLED ON TO>

< start="1672.603" dur="4.138">SPEND MONEY IN WAYS THAT THEY>

< start="1674.705" dur="4.572">NEVER DREAMED THEY WOULD BE>

< start="1676.007" dur="4.971">CALLED ON TO SPEND.>

< start="1676.841" dur="7.107">FOR EXAMPLE, UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="1679.377" dur="6.273">BENEFITS, WHICH INVOLVE STATE>

< start="1681.078" dur="5.806">PAYMENTS IN MANY RESPECTS HAVE>

< start="1684.048" dur="4.571">MUSHROOMED AND SKYROCKETED,>

< start="1685.75" dur="4.705">SOMETIMES TEN TIMES THE NUMBERS>

< start="1686.984" dur="6.107">THAT THEY WERE JUST LAST YEAR AT>

< start="1688.719" dur="6.007">THE SAME TIME.>

< start="1690.555" dur="6.006">MY GOVERNOR AND OTHERS, MAYORS>

< start="1693.191" dur="4.905">AND THE LEADERS OF COUNTY>

< start="1694.826" dur="4.571">GOVERNMENT HAVE COME FORWARD AND>

< start="1696.661" dur="4.471">SAID, ARE YOU GOING TO HELP US?>

< start="1698.196" dur="4.204">WE'RE SPENDING A LOT OF MONEY>

< start="1699.497" dur="4.771">BECAUSE OF THIS COVID-19.>

< start="1701.232" dur="4.671">WELL, THIS BILL DOES IT.>

< start="1702.5" dur="5.339">IT WAS NOT AN EASY TASK.>

< start="1704.368" dur="5.673">WE HAD TO CONVINCE THE OTHER>

< start="1706.003" dur="6.507">SIDE THAT IT WAS MONEY WELL>

< start="1707.939" dur="7.007">SPENT, AND I'M HAPPY TO REPORT>

< start="1710.141" dur="6.44">THAT ON A BIPARTISAN BASIS WE>

< start="1712.61" dur="5.606">REACHED THAT AGREEMENT, SOME>

< start="1715.046" dur="4.337">$150 MILLION WILL BE GOING TO>

< start="1716.681" dur="4.337">THESE STATE AND LOCAL>

< start="1718.316" dur="6.84">GOVERNMENTS, AS IT SHOULD.>

< start="1719.516" dur="7.008">THOSE ARE THINGS THAT I BELIEVE>

< start="1721.118" dur="8.075">WILL MOVE US DOWN THE PATH TO>

< start="1725.256" dur="5.672">RESOLVING THIS CHALLENGE IN>

< start="1726.624" dur="5.939">AMERICA AND DOING IT IN A PROPER>

< start="1729.293" dur="7.608">WAY, ALWAYS KEEPING IN MIND THAT>

< start="1731.028" dur="6.307">THE WELFARE OF WORKERS AND THEIR>

< start="1732.663" dur="6.707">FAMILIES IS THE PARAMOUNT>

< start="1737.001" dur="5.139">CONCERN.>

< start="1737.435" dur="5.872">FIRST THE INVESTMENT IN THE>

< start="1739.47" dur="5.773">MEDICAL SIDE TO STOP THE>

< start="1742.24" dur="3.336">ONSLAUGHT, SECOND THE SUPPORT>

< start="1743.407" dur="4.472">FOR FAMILIES AND WORKERS ACROSS>

< start="1745.343" dur="3.97">AMERICA.>

< start="1745.676" dur="3.87">IN WERE SOME ITEMS THAT ARE>

< start="1747.979" dur="2.969">STILL BE DEBATED ON THE FLOOR>

< start="1749.413" dur="3.27">HERE.>

< start="1749.647" dur="5.172">YOU HEARD IT IN THE EARLY>

< start="1751.048" dur="5.506">STATEMENTS BY THE MAJORITY>

< start="1752.783" dur="6.04">LEADER, AND THOSE RELATE TO THE>

< start="1754.919" dur="4.171">BENEFITS TO BE GIVEN TO>

< start="1756.654" dur="4.571">BUSINESSES TO KEEP THEM MOVING>

< start="1758.923" dur="4.271">FORWARD.>

< start="1759.19" dur="4.705">WE ALL UNDERSTAND THE AVIATION>

< start="1761.325" dur="4.572">INDUSTRY IS AT THE HEART OF THE>

< start="1763.294" dur="4.905">AMERICAN ECONOMY.>

< start="1763.995" dur="5.605">IT IS AN ENGINE IN ONE RESPECT>

< start="1765.997" dur="6.006">TO MOVE IT AND A REFLECTION OF>

< start="1768.299" dur="3.771">ITS ACTIVITY IN ANOTHER RESPECT,>

< start="1769.7" dur="4.138">AND THAT AVIATION INDUSTRY IS>

< start="1772.136" dur="7.074">FLAT ON ITS BACK.>

< start="1773.938" dur="7.774">SOME 80% TO 90% OF THE PASSENGER>

< start="1776.607" dur="6.173">LOAD HAS DISAPPEARED, HUNDREDS>

< start="1779.31" dur="5.606">OF THOUSANDS OF EMPLOYEES IN THE>

< start="1781.812" dur="4.405">AIRLINE INDUSTRY HAS COME TO US>

< start="1782.88" dur="3.404">AND ASKED FOR HELP, AND WE'RE>

< start="1785.016" dur="3.103">PREPARED TO DO THAT AND THAT IS>

< start="1786.35" dur="4.205">PART OF THE PACKAGE THAT WILL>

< start="1788.219" dur="3.737">COME BEFORE US.>

< start="1789.587" dur="4.805">THE ADMINISTRATION ALSO ASKED>

< start="1790.655" dur="4.638">FOR RESOURCES TO BE LOANED TO>

< start="1792.056" dur="4.304">OTHER BUSINESSES THAT NEED A>

< start="1794.492" dur="3.503">HELPING HAND.>

< start="1795.393" dur="5.138">I'M NOT OPPOSED TO THAT.>

< start="1796.46" dur="7.274">SOME ARE, BUT I'M NOT.>

< start="1798.095" dur="5.939">BUT CAN I DO BELIEVE A ACCOUNT>

< start="1800.631" dur="5.306">ABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY ARE>

< start="1803.834" dur="3.671">ESSENTIAL.>

< start="1804.134" dur="5.373">SINCE SUNDAY, WE HAVE>

< start="1806.037" dur="4.871">DRAMATICALLY CHANGED THIS>

< start="1807.605" dur="4.971">PACKAGE SO THAT THERE WILL BE>

< start="1809.607" dur="5.706">TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY>

< start="1811.008" dur="5.806">ON A TIMELY BASIS AS DECISIONS>

< start="1812.676" dur="5.84">ARE MADE BY THIS ADMINISTRATION>

< start="1815.413" dur="6.039">TO ALLOCATE THESE TAXPAYER FUNDS>

< start="1816.914" dur="6.273">TO HELP THESE COMPANIES.>

< start="1818.616" dur="6.54">SOME OF US LEARNED A BITTER>

< start="1821.552" dur="6.44">LESSON IN THE PAST WHEN BENEFITS>

< start="1823.287" dur="6.907">WERE GIVEN TO CORPORATIONS AND>

< start="1825.256" dur="6.64">THEY WERE MISUSED FOR STOCK>

< start="1828.092" dur="4.404">BUYBACKS AND DIVIDENDS AND>

< start="1830.294" dur="4.305">PROFITEERING AT A TIME OF GREAT>

< start="1831.996" dur="2.87">NATIONAL NEED.>

< start="1832.596" dur="5.539">WE DON'T WANT TO REPEAT THAT>

< start="1834.699" dur="4.671">STORY.>

< start="1834.966" dur="6.139">WE WANT TO MAKE CERTAIN THAT>

< start="1838.235" dur="4.271">TAXPAYER DOLLARS INVESTED IN>

< start="1839.47" dur="4.638">THESE CORPORATIONS ARE REALLY>

< start="1841.205" dur="5.105">DESIGNED TO GET THEM BACK ON>

< start="1842.606" dur="4.772">THEIR FEET AND THE ECONOMY>

< start="1844.208" dur="3.437">MOVING FORWARD ON THE BENEFIT OF>

< start="1846.41" dur="3.537">EVERYONE WHO LIVES IN THIS>

< start="1847.478" dur="3.837">COUNTRY.>

< start="1847.745" dur="5.338">THAT KIND OF TRANSPARENCY AND>

< start="1850.047" dur="4.438">ACCOUNTABILITY IS ESSENTIAL.>

< start="1851.415" dur="8.776">I BELIEVE THIS NEW AGREEMENT>

< start="1853.183" dur="7.342">SOME THREE DAYS AFTER THE>

< start="1854.585" dur="7.808">ORIGINAL ONE WAS PROPOSED IS>

< start="1860.291" dur="2.903">IMPROVEMENT.>

< start="1860.625" dur="4.17">CREDIT SHOULD BE GIVEN TO BOTH>

< start="1862.493" dur="4.638">SIDES BECAUSE DEMOCRATS AND>

< start="1863.294" dur="5.939">REPUBLICANS HAD TO AGREE FOR>

< start="1864.895" dur="7.508">THIS TO MAKE THE FINAL PACKAGE.>

< start="1867.231" dur="6.339">BUT WE AGREE WE WILL VOTE ON>

< start="1869.333" dur="6.974">THIS AFTERNOON AND I BELIEVE WE>

< start="1872.503" dur="5.272">WILL ENJOY STRONG BIPARTISAN>

< start="1873.671" dur="4.638">SUPPORT FROM THE SENATE IS A>

< start="1876.407" dur="3.17">DRAMATIC IMPROVEMENT IN THE LAST>

< start="1877.875" dur="3.57">72 HOURS.>

< start="1878.409" dur="4.771">CREDIT TO BOTH SIDES.>

< start="1879.677" dur="5.138">WE BELIEVED SOME OF THESE IDEAS>

< start="1881.545" dur="6.173">WERE ESSENTIAL AND THAT'S WHY WE>

< start="1883.28" dur="5.139">VOTED LIKE WE DID ON THE FLOOR>

< start="1884.915" dur="6.974">BUT TO REACH AGREEMENT, IT TOOK>

< start="1887.818" dur="6.006">BOTH SIDES.>

< start="1888.519" dur="6.173">I WANT TO SALUTE MY COLLEAGUES,>

< start="1891.989" dur="4.104">STARTING WITH THE DEMOCRATIC>

< start="1893.924" dur="5.206">LEADER, SENATOR SCHUMER.>

< start="1894.792" dur="7.875">HE PUT IN SOME HOURS.>

< start="1896.193" dur="8.909">I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW MANY TIMES>

< start="1899.23" dur="7.474">I STEPPED IN HIS OFFICE AND HIS>

< start="1902.767" dur="6.673">SECRETARY TOLD ME HE WAS MEETING>

< start="1905.202" dur="6.941">WITH SECRETARY MNUCHIN.>

< start="1906.804" dur="5.639">THEY STARTED FROM MIDNIGHT UNTIL>

< start="1909.54" dur="5.272">FRESH IN THE MORNING TO REACH AN>

< start="1912.243" dur="5.072">AGREEMENT.>

< start="1912.543" dur="6.073">I THINK WE'RE FINALLY DONE.>

< start="1914.912" dur="6.173">THERE'S A FEW LITTLE AGREEMENTS.>

< start="1917.415" dur="6.206">SO SENATOR SCHUMER AND HIS>

< start="1918.716" dur="5.973">STAFF, AND TO ALL MY COLLEAGUES,>

< start="1921.185" dur="4.872">RANKING MEMBERS WHO PITCHED IN>

< start="1923.721" dur="4.104">THIS THEIR COMMITTEES OF>

< start="1924.789" dur="4.337">JURISDICTION TO COME UP WITH>

< start="1926.157" dur="5.806">GOOD IDEAS AND TO SELL THEM IN A>

< start="1927.925" dur="4.271">BIPARTISAN AGREEMENT.>

< start="1929.227" dur="5.939">IT WAS AN EXCEPTIONAL AMOUNT OF>

< start="1932.063" dur="5.672">WORK.>

< start="1932.297" dur="7.273">SPECIAL CREDIT TO MY STAFF MY>

< start="1935.266" dur="4.571">OWN AND THE OTHERS WHO HAVE COME>

< start="1937.835" dur="5.072">TO WORK IN THIS DANGEROUS>

< start="1939.67" dur="5.406">MOMENT.>

< start="1939.937" dur="6.974">WE'VE BEEN TOLD TO STAY HOME,>

< start="1943.007" dur="5.906">TELEWORK WHERE YOU CAN.>

< start="1945.176" dur="4.938">IN SOME CASES YOU CAN'T.>

< start="1947.011" dur="5.372">THOSE WHO DID SHOW UP TO THE>

< start="1949.013" dur="5.973">CAPITOL, INCLUDING THE STAFF ON>

< start="1950.214" dur="8.175">THE FLOOSH, COME AT -- FLOOR,>

< start="1952.483" dur="6.273">COME AT RISK, RISK TO THEIR OWN>

< start="1955.086" dur="5.305">HEALTH AND FAMILY MEMBERS AND>

< start="1958.489" dur="3.303">OTHERS.>

< start="1958.856" dur="4.705">I THANK THEM FOR THIS IT I>

< start="1960.491" dur="7.374">UNDERSTAND WE MAY BE GONE FOR>

< start="1961.892" dur="7.141">SEVERAL WEEKS, AND I THINK THAT>

< start="1963.661" dur="7.14">IS APPROPRIATE, BUT FOR A>

< start="1967.965" dur="4.805">NATIONAL EMERGENCY WHICH CALLS>

< start="1969.133" dur="6.84">US BACK, AND WE WILL COME BACK>

< start="1970.901" dur="6.574">IF THAT IS NECESSARY, I THINK WE>

< start="1972.87" dur="6.807">SHOULD TAKE TIME AWAY FROM ONE>

< start="1976.073" dur="6.14">ANOTHER, AWAY FROM THE CAPITOL>

< start="1977.575" dur="9.609">TO MIND OUR OWN HEALTH AND THE>

< start="1979.777" dur="8.442">WELL-BEING OF OUR OWN FAMILIES>

< start="1982.313" dur="8.008">AND WORK BACK HOME BEST WE CAN,>

< start="1987.284" dur="4.538">TELECONFERENCING AND OTHER WAYS>

< start="1988.319" dur="5.272">TO LET PEOPLE KNOW WHAT WE'VE>

< start="1990.421" dur="4.438">DONE WITH THIS LEGISLATION.>

< start="1991.922" dur="4.238">I HOPE I CAN ENGAGE MY>

< start="1993.691" dur="4.838">COLLEAGUES IN THINKING ABOUT>

< start="1994.959" dur="4.805">ANOTHER ISSUE.>

< start="1996.26" dur="5.939">SENATOR PORTMAN, REPUBLICAN FROM>

< start="1998.629" dur="5.339">OHIO, HAVE INTRODUCED>

< start="1999.864" dur="7.374">LEGISLATION CALLING FOR AT LEAST>

< start="2002.299" dur="6.44">AN INQUIRY AT THIS MOMENT IN>

< start="2004.068" dur="8.442">HISTORY ABOUT REMOTE VOTING OR>

< start="2007.338" dur="6.807">SOME DIFFERENT APPROACH TO>

< start="2008.839" dur="6.44">VOTING THAT DOESN'T REQUIRE OUR>

< start="2012.61" dur="3.97">REPORTING TO THE FLOOR IN TIMES>

< start="2014.245" dur="3.77">OF NATIONAL EMERGENCY.>

< start="2015.379" dur="5.739">IT JUST MAKES SENSE.>

< start="2016.68" dur="5.94">OUR MEETINGS AT THE SENATE>

< start="2018.115" dur="6.373">ALMOST EVERY SINGLE DAY HAVE>

< start="2021.218" dur="4.371">VIOLATED C.D.C. GUIDELINES THAT>

< start="2022.72" dur="4.404">TELL US NOT TO GATHER IN A GROUP>

< start="2024.588" dur="4.371">OF TEN OR MORE.>

< start="2025.689" dur="5.039">AND, YET, WE COME TO THE FLOOR>

< start="2027.224" dur="4.872">BECAUSE WE HAVE TO BECAUSE THIS>

< start="2029.059" dur="4.338">IS LIFE OR DEATH WHEN IT COMES>

< start="2030.828" dur="3.17">TO THIS LEGISLATION THAT WE'RE>

< start="2032.196" dur="3.704">CONSIDERING AND WE KNOW WHAT OUR>

< start="2033.497" dur="4.705">JOBS ARE.>

< start="2034.098" dur="6.373">WE CAN FIND A BETTER WAY TO DO>

< start="2036" dur="6.106">THIS IN THE 21st CENTURY USING>

< start="2038.302" dur="6.34">THE TECHNOLOGY THAT IS -- IS>

< start="2040.571" dur="5.439">AVAILABLE IN SO MANY DIFFERENT>

< start="2042.206" dur="6.139">WAYS TO HAVE VERIFIABLE,>

< start="2044.742" dur="5.572">ACCURATE, HONEST VOTING FOR>

< start="2046.11" dur="4.471">THOSE WHO CANNOT OR SHOULD NOT>

< start="2048.445" dur="7.074">PHYSICALLY BE PRESENT ON THE>

< start="2050.414" dur="7.775">FLOOR.>

< start="2050.681" dur="8.776">I'VE SPOKEN TO ELIZABETH>

< start="2055.619" dur="6.607">MCDONOUGH, THE PARLIAMENTARIAN>

< start="2058.289" dur="4.304">OF THE SENATE AND HER STAFF AND>

< start="2059.557" dur="5.639">WANT TO ENGAGE IN A>

< start="2062.326" dur="5.672">CONVERSATION.>

< start="2062.693" dur="6.707">WHAT WE KNOW IS THIS IS>

< start="2065.296" dur="5.038">HISTORIC, AND IT REALLY IS A>

< start="2068.098" dur="4.305">DRAMATIC CHANGE FROM WHEN WE'VE>

< start="2069.5" dur="4.471">DONE IN THE PAST.>

< start="2070.434" dur="5.272">I DON'T THINK IT'S UNREALISTIC.>

< start="2072.503" dur="5.639">I THINK IT REFLECTS THE REALITY>

< start="2074.071" dur="5.372">OF WHERE WE ARE TODAY WITH A>

< start="2075.806" dur="6.04">PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS, IT COULD>

< start="2078.242" dur="7.341">REFLECT WHAT WE DEAL WITH>

< start="2079.543" dur="7.374">TOMORROW IF WE CAN DEAL WITH A>

< start="2081.946" dur="6.506">NATIONAL EMERGENCY OR GOD FORBID>

< start="2085.683" dur="3.703">TERRORIST ACTIVITY THAT KEEPS US>

< start="2087.017" dur="5.939">FROM THIS BUILDING WHEN WE STILL>

< start="2088.552" dur="5.94">HAVE WORK TO DO.>

< start="2089.486" dur="7.908">I WANT TO THANK SENATOR PORTMAN,>

< start="2093.056" dur="6.441">SENATOR KLOBACHAR, WHO HAS BEEN>

< start="2094.592" dur="5.205">ONE OF THE LEADERS IN THIS>

< start="2097.494" dur="5.706">EFFORT, SENATOR SCHATZ, WHO IS A>

< start="2099.597" dur="4.738">COSPONSOR.>

< start="2099.897" dur="5.906">WE ARE UP TO 20 COSPONSORS ON A>

< start="2103.3" dur="2.77">BIPARTISAN BASIS IN THIS>

< start="2104.435" dur="3.37">MOVEMENT TO CHANGE THE SENATE>

< start="2105.903" dur="3.437">RULES.>

< start="2106.17" dur="5.038">I HOPE WE CAN HAVE CONFERENCE>

< start="2107.905" dur="4.738">CALLS DURING THE TIME WE'RE>

< start="2109.44" dur="4.237">PHYSICALLY AWAY FROM THE CAPITOL>

< start="2111.308" dur="3.204">AND MOVE THIS BUSINESS FORWARD.>

< start="2112.743" dur="3.437">THE HOUSE IS CONSIDERING THE>

< start="2113.777" dur="4.138">SAME THING AS WELL.>

< start="2114.612" dur="5.171">NOW IS THE TIME TO DO IT.>

< start="2116.28" dur="6.106">IT IS TIME TO BRING THIS GREAT>

< start="2118.015" dur="6.773">BODY, THE UNITED STATES SENATE>

< start="2119.916" dur="6.341">INTO THE 21st CENTURY WHEN IT>

< start="2122.486" dur="6.54">COMES TO EXECUTING OUR>

< start="2124.888" dur="5.072">CONSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITY>

< start="2126.357" dur="5.205">WITHOUT ENDANGERING ANYONE,>

< start="2129.126" dur="3.303">ESPECIALLY MEMBERS OF THE STAFF>

< start="2130.06" dur="4.705">AND THEIR FAMILY.>

< start="2131.662" dur="4.271">MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE>

< start="2132.529" dur="4.906">FLOOR.>

< start="2134.865" dur="3.737">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="2136.033" dur="4.471">SENATOR FROM WYOMING.>

< start="2137.535" dur="4.237">MR. BARRASSO: MR. PRESIDENT, FOR>

< start="2138.702" dur="5.039">FAMILIES, IF FOR HEALTH CARE>

< start="2140.604" dur="5.072">WORKERS, FOR SMALL BUSINESSES,>

< start="2141.872" dur="5.773">PEOPLE WHO ARE WAKING UP TODAY>

< start="2143.841" dur="5.405">ALL ACROSS THE COUNTRY ARE>

< start="2145.776" dur="4.772">ASKING WHAT'S NEXT?>

< start="2147.745" dur="4.438">I BELIEVE TODAY WE CAN REPORT,>

< start="2149.346" dur="4.271">THERE IS GOOD NEWS.>

< start="2150.648" dur="4.738">THE RESOLVE AND DETERMINATION OF>

< start="2152.283" dur="5.071">THIS SENATE, WORKING IN A>

< start="2153.717" dur="6.04">BIPARTISAN WAY, AND WORKING WITH>

< start="2155.486" dur="7.007">THE WHITE HOUSE, HAVE DELIVERED>

< start="2157.454" dur="6.107">A RESCUE PLAN, A RESCUE PLAN FOR>

< start="2159.857" dur="6.34">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND FOR>

< start="2162.593" dur="5.772">AMERICAN HEALTH CARE WORKERS.>

< start="2163.661" dur="6.573">TODAY WE ARE GOING TO PASS NEW>

< start="2166.297" dur="7.04">AUTHORITIES, NEW RESOURCES AND>

< start="2168.465" dur="5.139">NEW PROGRAMS TO DEAL WITH TWO>

< start="2170.334" dur="5.439">CRISIS THAT WE, AS A NATION ARE>

< start="2173.437" dur="3.637">FACING.>

< start="2173.704" dur="7.274">ONE IS THE MEDICAL CRISIS, THE>

< start="2175.873" dur="6.606">CORONAVIRUS, AND THE OTHER IS>

< start="2177.174" dur="7.074">THE ECONOMIC CRISIS THAT IS A>

< start="2181.078" dur="3.437">RESULT -- A DIRECT RESULT OF THE>

< start="2182.579" dur="4.438">MEDICAL CRISIS THAT WE ARE>

< start="2184.348" dur="5.271">FACING.>

< start="2184.615" dur="6.54">THE SENATE IS PROVIDING AN>

< start="2187.117" dur="5.172">OVERWHELMING AND A MASSIVE>

< start="2189.719" dur="3.404">HEALTH CARE AND ECONOMIC>

< start="2191.255" dur="3.637">RESPONSE PACKAGE.>

< start="2192.389" dur="3.337">WE'RE DOING BOTH.>

< start="2193.223" dur="4.805">AND WE HAVE TO DO BOTH AT THE>

< start="2194.992" dur="5.305">SAME TIME.>

< start="2195.826" dur="5.672">IT'S A RESCUE OPERATION.>

< start="2198.128" dur="5.306">THE RESOURCES THAT OUR HEALTH>

< start="2200.397" dur="3.404">CARE PROVIDERS NEED AND THE>

< start="2201.598" dur="4.005">RESOURCES THAT ARE OUR ECONOMY>

< start="2203.534" dur="2.136">NEEDS.>

< start="2203.901" dur="3.003">THE HEALTH CARE RESOURCES ARE>

< start="2205.736" dur="4.271">GOING TO BE SURGING FOR>

< start="2207.004" dur="5.906">COMMUNITIES ALL AROUND THE>

< start="2208.505" dur="5.94">COUNTRY, EVERY ONE OF THE 50>

< start="2210.107" dur="6.874">STATES IS AFFECTED.>

< start="2213.01" dur="5.806">OVER $100 BILLION FOR OUR>

< start="2214.545" dur="4.671">HOSPITALS AND FOR THE HEROES WHO>

< start="2217.081" dur="3.436">ARE TAKING CARE OF CORONAVIRUS>

< start="2218.916" dur="3.837">PATIENTS.>

< start="2219.316" dur="5.039">MR. PRESIDENT, AS YOU KNOW, I'M>

< start="2220.617" dur="5.406">A PHYSICIAN, PRACTICED MEDICINE>

< start="2222.853" dur="4.938">FOR A LONG TIME IN WYOMING.>

< start="2224.455" dur="5.172">PEOPLE GO INTO MEDICINE SO THAT>

< start="2226.123" dur="5.939">THEY CAN DO A NUMBER OF THINGS.>

< start="2227.891" dur="7.141">YOU GO INTO MEDICINE AND WHAT WE>

< start="2229.727" dur="7.407">EXPECT OF OUR HEALTH CARE>

< start="2232.162" dur="5.739">PROVIDERS IS TO SAVE LIVES, TO>

< start="2235.132" dur="5.339">CURE THE PARTICULAR, AND TO>

< start="2237.234" dur="4.304">PREVENT DISEASE.>

< start="2238.001" dur="5.74">FOR ALL OF THOSE MEN AND WOMEN>

< start="2240.571" dur="4.304">WORKING IN THIS PROFESSION, I>

< start="2241.638" dur="5.039">WILL TELL YOU THIS WILL BE THEIR>

< start="2243.841" dur="4.037">FINEST HOUR.>

< start="2244.975" dur="4.238">WE'RE HEARING ABOUT HEROES ALL>

< start="2246.777" dur="3.971">OVER THE COUNTRY AND THAT IS>

< start="2247.978" dur="4.071">GOING TO CONTINUE AS LONG AS>

< start="2249.313" dur="5.739">THIS CRISIS IS IN EFFECT.>

< start="2250.848" dur="6.84">BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT WE'RE ASKING>

< start="2252.149" dur="6.273">THEM TO DO EVERY DAY, SAVE>

< start="2255.152" dur="5.405">LIVES, HEAL THE SICK, AND>

< start="2257.788" dur="4.438">PREVENT DISEASE.>

< start="2258.522" dur="5.472">WE SEE THAT WITH OUR PUBLIC>

< start="2260.657" dur="5.139">HEALTH OFFICE HOARSE ARE TRYING>

< start="2262.326" dur="5.906">TO PREVENT DISEASE, WE SEE IT IN>

< start="2264.094" dur="5.339">THE COMMUNITIES, PEOPLE TRYING>

< start="2265.896" dur="3.804">TO HEAL THE SICK AND TO SAVE THE>

< start="2268.332" dur="5.272">LIVES IN THE HOSPITALS DAY AND>

< start="2269.533" dur="5.739">NIGHT.>

< start="2269.8" dur="6.773">AND WHAT THEY ARE ASKING FOR US>

< start="2273.704" dur="4.504">ARE RESOURCES AND THAT IS NOW>

< start="2275.372" dur="5.039">GOING TO BE PROVIDED IN THE BILL>

< start="2276.673" dur="4.538">THAT WE'RE GOING TO PASS TODAY>

< start="2278.308" dur="4.672">AND WILL HOPEFULLY SOON BE ON>

< start="2280.511" dur="3.97">THE PRESIDENT'S DESK.>

< start="2281.311" dur="5.272">SO WE'RE ALSO SURGING DOLLARS TO>

< start="2283.08" dur="5.072">INDIVIDUALS AND TO FAMILIES AND>

< start="2284.581" dur="8.743">TO BUSINESSES AND DISTRESSED>

< start="2286.717" dur="7.908">PARTS OF OUR ECONOMY.>

< start="2288.252" dur="9.81">DIRECT MONEY TO -- $1,200 PER>

< start="2293.424" dur="6.506">INDIVIDUAL, $500 PER CHILD.>

< start="2294.725" dur="7.006">YOU TAKE A LOOK AT THAT AND>

< start="2298.162" dur="5.238">$350 BILLION IN BRIDGE LOANS AND>

< start="2300.03" dur="5.139">GRANTS TO SMALL- AND>

< start="2301.832" dur="4.438">MEDIUM-SIZED BUSINESSES.>

< start="2303.5" dur="4.872">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE TO MAKE>

< start="2305.269" dur="4.738">WORKERS -- YOU KNOW, WE'RE>

< start="2306.37" dur="5.472">TALKING ABOUT PEOPLE WHO ARE>

< start="2308.472" dur="5.505">WORKING AND READY TO GO TO WORK>

< start="2310.107" dur="4.771">THE NEXT DAY THAT WEREN'T ABLE>

< start="2311.942" dur="5.239">TO BECAUSE OF THE MEDICAL CRISIS>

< start="2314.077" dur="5.072">AFFECTING US.>

< start="2314.978" dur="5.005">SO WORKERS WHO WEREN'T ABLE TO>

< start="2317.281" dur="4.271">WORK RIGHT NOW TO MAKE SURE THEY>

< start="2319.249" dur="4.605">ARE MADE WHOLE.>

< start="2320.116" dur="5.106">NOW, WE HAVE HELD THE LINE>

< start="2321.652" dur="4.738">AGAINST SO MANY OF THE>

< start="2323.954" dur="3.937">IDEOLOGICAL ISSUES THAT>

< start="2325.322" dur="4.038">DEMOCRATS, AND SPECIFICALLY THE>

< start="2326.49" dur="5.472">SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE TRIED TO>

< start="2327.991" dur="4.538">PUT INTO THIS LEGISLATION.>

< start="2329.46" dur="4.571">WE MADE IT CLEAR, LIVES ARE AT>

< start="2332.062" dur="2.336">STAKE.>

< start="2332.629" dur="4.405">THOSE ARE DEBATES FOR ANOTHER>

< start="2334.131" dur="4.871">DAY.>

< start="2334.498" dur="7.007">THE CRISIS IS UPON US AND THE>

< start="2337.134" dur="6.206">RESCUE WORK NEEDS TO BE DONE.>

< start="2339.102" dur="5.74">I BELIEVE TIME WAS WASTED.>

< start="2341.605" dur="6.039">TIME -- WE SHOULD HAVE PASSED>

< start="2343.44" dur="5.472">THIS LAST SUNDAY.>

< start="2344.942" dur="5.572">TIME WAS WASTED AND IT'S TIME>

< start="2347.744" dur="3.571">THAT WAS WASTED THAT THE>

< start="2349.012" dur="5.106">AMERICAN PEOPLE DON'T HAVE.>

< start="2350.614" dur="6.807">DIDN'T HAVE.>

< start="2351.415" dur="7.708">BUT TODAY WE ARE WORKING ON THIS>

< start="2354.218" dur="6.106">ACTION PLAN.>

< start="2357.521" dur="3.503">PASS THE SENATE BILL TODAY TO>

< start="2359.223" dur="4.337">SURGE HEALTH CARE RESOURCES TO>

< start="2360.424" dur="5.038">THE FRONT LINES.>

< start="2361.124" dur="7.775">THE HOUSE CANNOT DELAY.>

< start="2363.66" dur="7.107">MR. PRESIDENT, THE HOUSE NEEDS>

< start="2365.562" dur="7.007">TO GET THIS PASSED TODAY AND>

< start="2368.999" dur="5.806">SENT TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE>

< start="2370.867" dur="7.008">UNITED STATES FOR HIS>

< start="2372.669" dur="8.209">SIGNIFICANT TODAY.>

< start="2374.905" dur="9.71">AMERICA SHOULD NOT WAKE UP>

< start="2377.975" dur="9.209">TOMORROW AND HAVE TO WATCH AND>

< start="2380.978" dur="6.773">WAIT AND WORRY TO SEE IF THE>

< start="2384.715" dur="10.977">HOUSE WAS GOING TO PASS THIS>

< start="2387.284" dur="11.245">BILL.>

< start="2387.851" dur="11.946">THE HOUSE NEEDS TO VOTE.>

< start="2395.792" dur="9.11">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE NEED THAT>

< start="2398.629" dur="7.707">ASSURANCE TODAY.>

< start="2399.897" dur="7.541">AMERICAN FAMILIES, EVERYONE,>

< start="2405.002" dur="4.538">HAVE -- PEOPLE ARE DOING IT ALL>

< start="2406.436" dur="5.539">AROUND THE COUNTRY.>

< start="2407.538" dur="7.941">PEOPLE ARE GOING TO CONTINUE TO>

< start="2409.64" dur="7.24">RAMP UP MANUFACTURING OF MEDICAL>

< start="2412.075" dur="6.307">EQUIPMENT, MAFNTION,>

< start="2415.579" dur="4.538">VENTILATORS, RECIPIENTS, TESTS>

< start="2416.98" dur="3.204">TO SAVE LIVES.>

< start="2418.482" dur="3.203">PEOPLE WILL CUT RED TAPE FOR>

< start="2420.25" dur="5.472">TREATMENT AND VACCINES.>

< start="2421.785" dur="6.04">GOING FORWARD, AND I SEE THE>

< start="2423.654" dur="6.907">MINORITY LEADER ON THE FLOOR,>

< start="2425.822" dur="5.006">GOING FORWARD WE NEED TO TAKE A>

< start="2427.925" dur="5.305">LONG, HARD LOOK AT OUR SUPPLY>

< start="2430.661" dur="5.071">CHAIN.>

< start="2430.928" dur="8.208">CHINA HAS BEEN EXPOSED.>

< start="2433.33" dur="9.877">WE CANNOT ALLOW OURSELVES EVER>

< start="2435.832" dur="10.611">AGAIN TO BE IN ANY WAY DEPENDENT>

< start="2439.236" dur="9.643">ON CHINA FOR MEDICINES, FOR>

< start="2443.307" dur="8.175">MATERIALS, OR -- MY FOCUS, ALONG>

< start="2446.543" dur="5.439">WITH THE PRESIDENT'S FOCUS IS TO>

< start="2448.979" dur="5.339">BRING AMERICA BACK STRONGER THAN>

< start="2451.582" dur="3.003">EVER BEFORE.>

< start="2452.082" dur="4.104">WE ARE A STRONG AND RESILIENT>

< start="2454.418" dur="3.036">NATION.>

< start="2454.685" dur="4.404">WE WILL GET THROUGH THIS.>

< start="2456.286" dur="5.806">OUR COUNTRY'S HEALTH CARE>

< start="2457.554" dur="7.041">INFRASTRUCTURE AND OUR ECONOMIC>

< start="2459.189" dur="7.608">RESOLVE IS TODAY BEING TESTED.>

< start="2462.192" dur="6.04">WE WILL DEFEAT THE VIRUS AND WE>

< start="2464.695" dur="22.488">WILL BE BACK STRONGER THAN EVER.>

< start="2466.897" dur="20.887">THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT, AND I>

< start="2468.332" dur="20.086">YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="2487.283" dur="2.236">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="2487.884" dur="2.336">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="2488.518" dur="3.204">SENATOR FROM WASHINGTON.>

< start="2489.62" dur="3.169">MS. CANTWELL: MR. PRESIDENT, I>

< start="2490.32" dur="4.872">COME TO THE FLOOR TO THANK MY>

< start="2491.822" dur="5.639">COLLEAGUES FOR ALL THEIR HARD>

< start="2492.889" dur="6.54">WORK ON THIS LEGISLATION AND TO>

< start="2495.292" dur="5.772">URGE MY COLLEAGUES TO MOVE>

< start="2497.561" dur="4.204">FORWARD TODAY BECAUSE THE STATE>

< start="2499.529" dur="4.105">OF WASHINGTON DESPERATELY NEEDS>

< start="2501.164" dur="4.105">THIS HELP.>

< start="2501.865" dur="8.575">WHEN I THINK ABOUT THIS PACKAGE>

< start="2503.734" dur="8.875">THAT LITERALLY HAS BEEN CRAFTED>

< start="2505.369" dur="8.675">SINCE SATURDAY ABOUT 10:00 AND>

< start="2510.54" dur="4.405">PEOPLE RUNNING TO COLLABORATE>

< start="2512.709" dur="3.704">AND THERE WERE MANY CHALLENGES>

< start="2514.144" dur="3.937">TO THAT COLLABORATION.>

< start="2515.045" dur="4.738">I ALSO THINK OF THE PEOPLE ON>

< start="2516.513" dur="4.004">THE FRONT LINE IN THE STATE OF>

< start="2518.181" dur="2.403">WASHINGTON WHO HAVE PAID SUCH A>

< start="2519.883" dur="5.105">HEAVY PRICE.>

< start="2520.65" dur="12.78">FROM THE FACTORY WORKER WE JUST>

< start="2525.088" dur="9.677">LOST IN EVERETT, WASHINGTON, TO>

< start="2530.093" dur="6.674">THE GROCERIER WHO WAS TRYING TO>

< start="2533.53" dur="4.838">DELIVER GROCERIES TO THE PUBLIC,>

< start="2534.865" dur="6.54">TO A PATHOLOGIST WHO WAS A>

< start="2536.867" dur="6.073">LEADER IN THIS FIELD BUT ALSO>

< start="2538.468" dur="9.009">LOST HIS LIFE, REAL SACRIFICE>

< start="2541.505" dur="7.174">AND REAL CRUSHING BLOWS HAVE>

< start="2543.04" dur="7.04">BEEN DEALT IN THIS DECEMBER.>

< start="2547.577" dur="3.904">BUT TODAY WE ARE RESPONDING WITH>

< start="2548.779" dur="4.704">MORE HELP FROM OUR STATE.>

< start="2550.18" dur="5.172">WE ARE GIVING THEM MORE MONEY>

< start="2551.581" dur="5.74">FOR HOSPITALS, MORE MONEY FOR>

< start="2553.583" dur="6.173">THE FRONT LINE WITH PROTECTIVE>

< start="2555.452" dur="6.473">GEAR, MORE MONEY FOR TESTING,>

< start="2557.421" dur="7.174">AND MORE MONEY TO SUPPORT THEM>

< start="2559.856" dur="6.574">AS THEY CONTINUE THE EFFORT TO>

< start="2562.025" dur="6.707">TRY TO STOP THIS DISEASE.>

< start="2564.695" dur="5.906">IT'S SO IMPORTANT THAT WE GIVE>

< start="2566.53" dur="6.073">STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND>

< start="2568.832" dur="5.472">TRIBES THE RESOURCES THEY NEED>

< start="2570.701" dur="6.039">TO BE ON THE FRONT LINES IN>

< start="2572.703" dur="5.472">FIGHTING THIS DISEASE, AND I>

< start="2574.404" dur="5.506">THANK OUR GOVERNOR, GOVERNOR>

< start="2576.84" dur="6.14">INSLEE, FOR LEADING THAT CHARGE>

< start="2578.275" dur="5.539">EVERY SINGLE DAY IN TRYING TO>

< start="2580.01" dur="6.44">FOCUS OUR RESPONSE ON THIS>

< start="2583.08" dur="5.038">DISEASE.>

< start="2583.914" dur="6.973">BECAUSE WE WERE THE SITE OF THE>

< start="2586.55" dur="6.673">FIRST COVID-19 CASE, WE HAVE>

< start="2588.218" dur="6.974">BEEN AT THIS SINCE JANUARY 21.>

< start="2590.987" dur="6.507">AND THE SADNESS THAT WE HAVE ALL>

< start="2593.323" dur="5.406">FELT OVER THE KIRKLAND NURSING>

< start="2595.292" dur="4.604">HOME WHERE WE LOST SO MANY>

< start="2597.594" dur="4.605">PATIENTS WE HOPE WILL BE A>

< start="2598.829" dur="6.706">LESSON FOR THE REST OF THE>

< start="2599.996" dur="7.508">NATION TO PAY ATTENTION TO THE>

< start="2602.299" dur="7.507">SERIOUSNESS OF THIS VIRUS.>

< start="2605.635" dur="5.706">WE'RE HERE TODAY, THOUGH, TO>

< start="2607.604" dur="5.172">ALSO BESIDES GIVING THAT>

< start="2609.906" dur="4.638">FRAUGHTLINE SUPPORT -- THAT>

< start="2611.441" dur="4.505">FRONTLINE SUPPORT TO STATES, TO>

< start="2612.876" dur="4.271">CITIES, TO COUNTIES, AND TO>

< start="2614.644" dur="5.172">OTHER HEALTH CARE DELIVERY>

< start="2616.046" dur="7.474">SYSTEM, WE'RE ALSO HERE TO SAY>

< start="2617.247" dur="7.775">WE WANT TO TRY TO LESSEN THE>

< start="2619.916" dur="7.875">ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF A SHELTER IN>

< start="2623.62" dur="5.806">PLACE OR SOCIAL DISTANCING.>

< start="2625.122" dur="6.139">OUR BUSINESSES, SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="2627.891" dur="4.638">HAVE BEEN HIT HARD.>

< start="2629.526" dur="5.372">OUR RESTAURANTS, OUR OTHER>

< start="2631.361" dur="5.706">BUSINESSES WHO SHUT DOWN WHO>

< start="2632.629" dur="6.507">DON'T HAVE THE SAME RESOURCES TO>

< start="2634.998" dur="7.141">COME TO WASHINGTON, D.C. AND TO>

< start="2637.167" dur="6.206">LOBBY FOR AID AND SUPPORT BUT>

< start="2639.236" dur="8.074">ARE COUNTING ON US TO CREATE A>

< start="2642.239" dur="9.443">PROGRAM THAT SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="2643.473" dur="10.344">CAN GET BOTH GRANTS AND LOANS SO>

< start="2647.41" dur="7.908">THE $360 BILLION IN THIS PROGRAM>

< start="2651.782" dur="5.538">I HOPE S.B.A. WILL HELP DISPATCH>

< start="2653.917" dur="6.373">WITH URGENCY TO THOSE BUSINESSES>

< start="2655.418" dur="5.973">WHO HAVE COMPLIED AND HAVE DONE>

< start="2657.42" dur="6.007">THEIR BEST TO KEEP THEIR>

< start="2660.39" dur="6.707">EMPLOYEES WHILE ALSO SHUTTING>

< start="2661.491" dur="7.107">DOWN THEIR BUSINESS.>

< start="2663.527" dur="6.706">WE ALSO KNOW THAT THE>

< start="2667.197" dur="5.139">UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS IN THIS>

< start="2668.698" dur="5.473">PACKAGE WHICH WILL BE FOR FOUR>

< start="2670.333" dur="5.239">MONTHS WILL BE A BOOST TO GIVING>

< start="2672.436" dur="5.672">PEOPLE WHO ARE UNEMPLOYED AND>

< start="2674.271" dur="5.472">THE EXPANSION OF THAT DEFINITION>

< start="2675.672" dur="5.939">TO COVER THOSE WHO ARE PART OF A>

< start="2678.208" dur="5.572">GIG ECONOMY THAT MAY NOT HAVE>

< start="2679.843" dur="6.673">BEEN COVERED IN THE PAST IS>

< start="2681.711" dur="5.406">IMPORTANT TO GIVE PEOPLE THE>

< start="2683.88" dur="5.506">SAFETY NEAT TO MAKE IT THROUGH>

< start="2686.616" dur="6.34">THIS PROCESS.>

< start="2687.217" dur="6.74">I WISH WE WOULD HAVE COME TO>

< start="2689.486" dur="5.872">TERMS ON EVEN ALLOWING FOR COBRA>

< start="2693.056" dur="3.937">ENHANCEMENTS, PARTICULARLY FOR>

< start="2694.057" dur="4.371">THE AEROSPACE SECTOR.>

< start="2695.458" dur="4.839">I'LL BE FILING A BILL TODAY TO>

< start="2697.093" dur="5.172">MAKE SURE THAT AS WE CONTINUE TO>

< start="2698.528" dur="7.308">MOVE THROUGH THIS CRISIS, THAT>

< start="2700.397" dur="7.374">WE THINK ABOUT THOSE WHO ARE>

< start="2702.365" dur="6.841">GOING TO HAVE A SHIFT -- OR LAID>

< start="2705.936" dur="5.004">OFF AS WE HAVE SEEN IN RECENT>

< start="2707.871" dur="5.038">DAYS IN EVERETT, WASHINGTON,>

< start="2709.306" dur="5.939">THAT THEY, TOO, COULD HAVE>

< start="2711.04" dur="5.74">HEALTH CARE BEYOND JUST ONE>

< start="2713.009" dur="5.372">MONTH OF A COBRA HEALTH PLAN.>

< start="2715.345" dur="5.272">IT'S SO IMPORTANT IN FIGHTING>

< start="2716.88" dur="3.804">THIS DISEASE THAT NOT ONLY WE>

< start="2718.481" dur="3.771">TAKE CARE OF UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="2720.75" dur="4.772">BENEFITS BUT WE ALSO MAKE SURE>

< start="2722.352" dur="5.272">PEOPLE IN UNEMPLOYMENT HAVE>

< start="2724.087" dur="6.64">ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE.>

< start="2725.622" dur="8.308">WE CAN'T BE IN THE MIDST OF A>

< start="2727.724" dur="7.007">PANDEMIC AND NOT GIVE PEOPLE>

< start="2730.827" dur="5.339">AFFORDABLE ACCESS TO HEALTH>

< start="2734.03" dur="4.405">CARE.>

< start="2734.831" dur="6.307">I ALSO THANK MY COLLEAGUES FOR>

< start="2736.266" dur="6.64">OTHER PROVISIONS OF THIS PACKAGE>

< start="2738.535" dur="7.908">THAT ARE HELPING IN GIVING>

< start="2741.238" dur="6.773">INDIVIDUAL TAXPAYERS RELIEF IN>

< start="2743.006" dur="6.306">THE SENSE OF A REBATE CHECK.>

< start="2746.543" dur="5.205">NOT ONLY WILL INDIVIDUALS GET A>

< start="2748.111" dur="5.272">REBATE CHECK BUT FAMILIES A>

< start="2749.412" dur="6.44">REBATE CHECK OF $2,400 THAT>

< start="2751.848" dur="5.773">SHOULD HELP THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN>

< start="2753.483" dur="6.54">HIT HARDEST BY THIS DISEASE TO>

< start="2755.952" dur="6.64">HELP IN THESE SUSTAINING DAYS IN>

< start="2757.721" dur="6.139">WHICH WE ARE SHELTERING IN PLACE>

< start="2760.123" dur="6.874">IN THE STATE OF WASHINGTON.>

< start="2762.692" dur="5.739">THERE ARE SO MANY MORE THINGS>

< start="2763.96" dur="5.739">THAT WE NEED TO DO, AND WHILE I>

< start="2767.097" dur="5.172">SUPPORT THE ELEMENTS OF>

< start="2768.531" dur="5.873">SUPPORTING THE AVIATION INDUSTRY>

< start="2769.799" dur="6.574">IN THIS PACKAGE, I WISH THAT WE>

< start="2772.369" dur="5.605">WOULD HAVE GOTTEN MORE>

< start="2774.504" dur="5.205">REQUIREMENTS ON THE AIRLINE>

< start="2776.473" dur="5.672">INDUSTRIES FOR THE GRANT SECTION>

< start="2778.074" dur="6.04">OF THIS BILL.>

< start="2779.809" dur="5.806">I PERSONALLY BELIEVE THAT IN THE>

< start="2782.245" dur="6.373">FUTURE IN A HEALTHIER AIRLINE>

< start="2784.214" dur="5.772">INDUSTRY THEY SHOULD PAY MONEY>

< start="2785.715" dur="6.24">BACK TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.>

< start="2788.718" dur="5.339">WE CERTAINLY SHOULD BE>

< start="2790.086" dur="6.707">PROTECTING THE WORKFORCE DURING>

< start="2792.055" dur="6.273">THIS TIME PERIOD, AND THAT IS>

< start="2794.157" dur="5.439">WHAT IS MOST IMPORTANT, TO MAKE>

< start="2796.893" dur="5.339">SURE THAT AN AIRLINE DOESN'T>

< start="2798.428" dur="5.205">TAKE MONEY FROM THE FEDERAL>

< start="2799.696" dur="6.373">GOVERNMENT OR GO INTO BANKRUPTCY>

< start="2802.332" dur="6.273">AND SHORTCHANGE THE WORKERS AND>

< start="2803.733" dur="6.974">THE WORKFORCE AS HAS BEEN DONE>

< start="2806.169" dur="7.174">IN PREVIOUS PACKAGES TO THEM.>

< start="2808.705" dur="7.04">I FULLY SUPPORT, THOUGH, THE>

< start="2810.807" dur="7.141">LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM AND THE>

< start="2813.443" dur="7.941">LOAN GUARANTEES THAT ARE SO>

< start="2815.845" dur="6.507">IMPORTANT AND SO QUALIFIED IN>

< start="2818.048" dur="5.405">THIS PACKAGE TO HAVE VERY>

< start="2821.484" dur="3.804">SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS TO THEM.>

< start="2822.452" dur="4.405">I ALSO WANT TO THANK MY>

< start="2823.553" dur="4.905">COLLEAGUES FROM THE BANKING>

< start="2825.388" dur="5.94">COMMITTEE WHO WORKED HARD ON>

< start="2826.957" dur="6.239">PROVISIONS IN THIS LEGISLATION>

< start="2828.558" dur="8.342">TO MAKE SURE THERE WAS MORE>

< start="2831.428" dur="7.374">TRANSPARENCY IN THE PROCESS FOR>

< start="2833.296" dur="5.773">WHO GOT ACCESS TO THE GRANTS -->

< start="2837" dur="3.67">I'M SORRY, TO THE LOANS IN THIS>

< start="2838.902" dur="3.87">PACKAGE.>

< start="2839.169" dur="5.472">WHILE WE THINK OF THE PROCESSES>

< start="2840.77" dur="5.639">WE'VE BEEN THROUGH BEFORE ON>

< start="2842.872" dur="4.705">TARP AND THE PROCESSES WE'VE>

< start="2844.741" dur="4.338">BEEN THROUGH BEFORE ON OTHER>

< start="2846.509" dur="4.105">LENDING, OUR COLLEAGUES HERE ON>

< start="2847.677" dur="5.773">THIS SIDE OF THE AISLE MADE SURE>

< start="2849.179" dur="8.575">THAT THERE WERE BETTER>

< start="2850.714" dur="8.542">REQUIREMENTS FOR OVERSIGHT,>

< start="2853.55" dur="8.275">INSPECTOR GENERALS' ACCOUNTING>

< start="2857.854" dur="5.372">OF THE RESOURCES, AND TO MAKE>

< start="2859.356" dur="5.539">SURE WE KNEW EXACTLY WHERE THESE>

< start="2861.925" dur="4.838">DOLLARS WERE BEING SPENT.>

< start="2863.326" dur="5.606">I KNOW TREASURY WILL HAVE ITS>

< start="2864.995" dur="5.238">HANDS FULL, BUT BECAUSE OF>

< start="2866.863" dur="5.939">DEMOCRATS WE WILL HAVE MORE>

< start="2869.032" dur="5.706">TRANSPARENCY IN EXACTLY HOW>

< start="2870.333" dur="5.973">THOSE DOLLARS GO OUT THE DOOR.>

< start="2872.902" dur="6.807">SO, MR. PRESIDENT, I WANT TO>

< start="2874.838" dur="5.605">THANK LEADER SCHUMER AND HIS>

< start="2876.406" dur="6.373">STAFF FOR WORKING SO DILIGENTLY>

< start="2879.809" dur="4.138">ON THIS PACKAGE.>

< start="2880.543" dur="5.706">IT HAS BEEN A VERY HECTIC COUPLE>

< start="2882.879" dur="5.606">OF DAYS.>

< start="2884.047" dur="7.007">AND I WOULD SAY A SPECIAL THANKS>

< start="2886.349" dur="8.342">TO THE COMMERCE COMMITTEE STAFF,>

< start="2888.585" dur="7.541">TO DAVID STRICKLAND, MELISSA>

< start="2891.154" dur="7.174">PORTER, DAVID MARTIN, RON ALTMAN>

< start="2894.791" dur="4.838">WHO LITERALLY HAVE BEEN CAMPED>

< start="2896.226" dur="6.039">OUT FOR PROBABLY SINCE LAST>

< start="2898.428" dur="5.238">SATURDAY WORKING AND PERFECTING>

< start="2899.729" dur="7.041">THE LANGUAGE IN THESE SECTIONS>

< start="2902.365" dur="6.04">RELATED TO AVIATION.>

< start="2903.766" dur="5.773">AS I SAID, THERE'S MORE WORK TO>

< start="2906.87" dur="4.771">DO, AND WE ALL KNOW THERE'S MORE>

< start="2908.505" dur="6.006">WORK TO DO.>

< start="2909.639" dur="6.407">I KNOW THAT I WANT TO CONTINUE>

< start="2911.741" dur="6.74">TO FIGHT FOR THE AVIATION SUPPLY>

< start="2914.611" dur="5.706">CHAIN TO MAKE SURE THAT WHEN WE>

< start="2916.146" dur="5.839">COME OUT OF THIS CRISIS AFTER AN>

< start="2918.581" dur="6.374">ECONOMIC DOWNTURN AROUND THE>

< start="2920.417" dur="6.473">GLOBE, THAT THE UNITED STATES IS>

< start="2922.085" dur="7.341">WELL POSITIONED TO RETURN THE>

< start="2925.055" dur="7.407">SUPPLY CHAIN WORKFORCE TO>

< start="2926.99" dur="10.277">BUILDING ONE OF AMERICA'S BEST>

< start="2929.526" dur="9.509">PRODUCTS, AIRPLANES, ONE OF>

< start="2932.562" dur="7.174">AMERICA'S GREATEST -- ACTUALLY>

< start="2937.367" dur="3.87">AMERICA'S SINGLE LARGEST>

< start="2939.135" dur="3.537">EXPORTS, AIRPLANES.>

< start="2939.836" dur="4.238">BUT TO DO THAT WE'RE GOING TO>

< start="2941.337" dur="4.639">HAVE TO GET THROUGH THIS CRISIS>

< start="2942.772" dur="6.674">AND PROTECT WHAT WE THINK NEEDS>

< start="2944.174" dur="5.539">TO BE CONTINUED HEALTH CARE>

< start="2946.076" dur="5.138">ACCESS TO THOSE LAID OFF>

< start="2949.546" dur="3.303">WORKERS.>

< start="2949.813" dur="5.839">SO LET'S GET THESE DOLLARS TO>

< start="2951.314" dur="5.539">THE FRONT LINE, TO OUR>

< start="2952.949" dur="4.505">HOSPITALS, TO OUR STATES FOR>

< start="2955.752" dur="3.303">BETTER EQUIPMENT, FOR MORE>

< start="2956.953" dur="5.005">SUPPLIES.>

< start="2957.554" dur="6.339">LET'S SUPPORT THEM IN DOING WHAT>

< start="2959.155" dur="7.975">THEY DO BEST, HELPING TO FIGHT>

< start="2962.058" dur="5.572">THIS DISEASE AND SEEING THIS>

< start="2963.993" dur="4.572">THROUGH TO THE OTHER SIDE OF>

< start="2967.23" dur="6.673">AMERICA'S CHALLENGE.>

< start="2967.73" dur="6.974">I THANK THE PRESIDENT AND I>

< start="2968.665" dur="7.04">YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="2974.003" dur="2.169">MR. SCHUMER: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="2974.804" dur="2.703">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="2975.805" dur="2.703">MINORITY LEADER.>

< start="2976.272" dur="4.338">MR. SCHUMER: FIRST LET ME TANK>

< start="2977.607" dur="4.905">THE SENATOR FROM WASHINGTON FOR>

< start="2978.608" dur="4.838">HER HARD AND DILIGENT WORK.>

< start="2980.71" dur="4.171">NO ONE -- NO ONE FOUGHT HARDER>

< start="2982.612" dur="4.371">FOR THE STATE OF WASHINGTON>

< start="2983.546" dur="5.539">WHICH LIKE MY STATE OF NEW YORK>

< start="2984.981" dur="5.372">IS IN SUCH CRISIS THAN THE TWO>

< start="2987.083" dur="4.939">SENATORS FROM WASHINGTON, AND I>

< start="2989.185" dur="3.904">THANK SENATOR CANTWELL FOR HER>

< start="2990.453" dur="4.805">GREAT WORK UP AND DOWN THE LINE,>

< start="2992.122" dur="7.841">WHETHER IT WAS THE GOVERNMENT,>

< start="2993.189" dur="10.878">THE COMPANIES, THE PEOPLE OF>

< start="2995.358" dur="10.911">WASHINGTON STATE, SHE WAS THERE.>

< start="3000.063" dur="8.375">NOW, MR. PRESIDENT, I SAY TO THE>

< start="3004.167" dur="6.573">AMERICAN PEOPLE, HELP IS ON THE>

< start="3006.369" dur="5.906">WAY, BIG HELP, QUICK HELP.>

< start="3008.538" dur="6.039">I SAY TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE>

< start="3010.84" dur="6.273">BECAUSE DEMOCRATS INSISTED ON>

< start="3012.375" dur="7.641">MAKING THIS BILL BETTER, WE CAN>

< start="3014.677" dur="7.041">NOW CALL IT A BILL THAT PUTS>

< start="3017.213" dur="7.575">WORKERS FIRST, NOT CORPORATIONS,>

< start="3020.116" dur="6.14">THAT HAS A MARSHALL PLAN FOR>

< start="3021.818" dur="7.04">HOSPITALS, AND THAT HAS>

< start="3024.888" dur="7.774">ACCOUNTABILITY, TRANSPARENCY,>

< start="3026.356" dur="8.575">AND WATCHDOGS OVER MUCH OF THE>

< start="3028.958" dur="8.275">LENDING THAT IS IN THIS BILL.>

< start="3032.762" dur="7.474">NOW, SIX DAYS OF SUBTLE>

< start="3035.031" dur="6.473">DIPLOMACY AND HERE IN THESE>

< start="3037.333" dur="6.941">MOSTLY NOW EMPTY CORRIDORS WE'VE>

< start="3040.336" dur="6.24">SHAPED A BIPARTISAN AGREEMENT ON>

< start="3041.604" dur="7.374">THE LARGEST RESCUE PACKAGE IN>

< start="3044.374" dur="6.773">AMERICAN HISTORY, WHICH WAS>

< start="3046.676" dur="5.672">SEALED LAST NIGHT A FEW MINUTES>

< start="3049.078" dur="5.74">AFTER 1:00 IN THE MORNING WHEN>

< start="3051.247" dur="3.871">LEADER McCONNELL AND I CAME TO>

< start="3052.448" dur="4.472">THE FLOOR TO ANNOUNCE WE HAD AN>

< start="3054.918" dur="4.671">AGREEMENT.>

< start="3055.218" dur="4.738">IT WAS NOT A MOMENT OF>

< start="3057.02" dur="6.173">CELEBRATION BUT RATHER ONE OF>

< start="3059.689" dur="5.272">NECESSITY.>

< start="3060.056" dur="6.84">FACING AN UNPRECEDENTED CRISIS,>

< start="3063.293" dur="5.705">IT WAS THE DUTY OF THE SENATE TO>

< start="3065.061" dur="6.14">PRODUCE BIPARTISAN LEGISLATION>

< start="3066.996" dur="6.273">TO SEND AN IMMEDIATE INFUSION OF>

< start="3069.098" dur="5.106">RESOURCES TO OUR PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="3071.301" dur="3.837">SYSTEMS, STATE AND LOCAL>

< start="3073.369" dur="3.637">GOVERNMENTS, SMALL BUSINESS AND>

< start="3074.304" dur="4.938">AMERICAN WORKERS.>

< start="3075.238" dur="6.406">AS I SAID, FROM THE START>

< start="3077.106" dur="6.073">DEMOCRATS HAD TWO MAIN GOALS, A>

< start="3079.342" dur="5.339">MARSHALL PLAN FOR PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="3081.744" dur="4.572">WORKERS AND HOSPITALS ON THE>

< start="3083.279" dur="6.74">FRONT LINE AND PUTTING WORKERS>

< start="3084.781" dur="7.407">FIRST, NOT CORPORATIONS.>

< start="3086.416" dur="7.074">HAD WE NOT ASKED FOR THE>

< start="3090.119" dur="4.905">REPUBLICAN PARTY TO RECOGNIZE US>

< start="3092.288" dur="3.938">BY NOT GOING FORWARD ON THOSE>

< start="3093.59" dur="5.405">FIRST TWO VOTES, THIS BILL WOULD>

< start="3095.124" dur="5.806">HAVE BEEN MUCH WORSE.>

< start="3096.326" dur="6.606">OUR ACTIONS MADE IT MUCH BETTER.>

< start="3099.095" dur="5.939">NOT EVERYTHING WE WANTED BUT>

< start="3101.03" dur="5.873">MUCH, MUCH BETTER.>

< start="3103.032" dur="6.74">AND WE'RE PROUD AS A CAUCUS AND>

< start="3105.134" dur="5.005">UNITED AS A CAUCUS OF THE JOB WE>

< start="3107.003" dur="4.404">HAVE DONE TO IMPROVE THIS>

< start="3109.872" dur="2.603">LEGISLATION.>

< start="3110.239" dur="5.006">BECAUSE AFTER ALL, THIS>

< start="3111.507" dur="6.273">LEGISLATION WILL BE WITH US NOT>

< start="3112.575" dur="9.677">FOR DAYS AND NOT FOR WEEKS, NOT>

< start="3115.345" dur="8.175">EVEN FOR MONTHS BUT PROBABLY FOR>

< start="3117.88" dur="10.478">YEARS TO IM-- FOR YEARS.>

< start="3122.352" dur="7.407">TO IMPROVE THIS LEGISLATION WAS>

< start="3123.62" dur="7.573">WORTH TAKING AN EXTRA DAY OR>

< start="3128.458" dur="4.438">TWO, AFTER THE REPUBLICAN LEADER>

< start="3129.859" dur="3.804">PUT IT DOWN WITHOUT CONSULTING>

< start="3131.294" dur="3.87">US AND TRIED TO SAY TAKE IT OR>

< start="3132.996" dur="4.204">LEAVE IT.>

< start="3133.763" dur="5.172">NOW, LIKE ALL COMPROMISE, THIS>

< start="3135.264" dur="5.706">BILL IS FAR FROM PERFECT, BUT WE>

< start="3137.3" dur="5.839">BELIEVE THE LEGISLATION HAS>

< start="3139.035" dur="4.471">IMPROVED SUFFICIENTLY TO WARRANT>

< start="3141.07" dur="4.405">ITS QUICK CONSIDERATION AND>

< start="3143.239" dur="3.504">PASSAGE.>

< start="3143.606" dur="5.306">BECAUSE MANY DEMOCRATS AND>

< start="3145.575" dur="6.173">REPUBLICANS WERE WILLING TO DO>

< start="3146.843" dur="6.44">THE SERIOUS AND HARD WORK, THE>

< start="3149.012" dur="5.572">BILL IS MUCH BETTER THAN WHEN WE>

< start="3151.848" dur="4.805">STARTED AND STARTING YESTERDAY>

< start="3153.383" dur="5.405">MORNING WE ALL CAME TOGETHER TO>

< start="3154.684" dur="6.406">GET THIS BILL DONE.>

< start="3156.753" dur="6.907">WE WORKED IN A BIPARTISAN WAY AS>

< start="3158.888" dur="7.608">THIS BODY SHOULD HAVE WORKED AND>

< start="3161.19" dur="7.375">SHOULD WORK, AND HERE WE ARE.>

< start="3163.76" dur="6.239">ONCE THE LANGUAGE IS READY,>

< start="3166.596" dur="6.006">DEMOCRATS ARE READY TO SPEED UP>

< start="3168.665" dur="5.305">THE CONSIDERATION OF THE BILL AS>

< start="3170.099" dur="5.772">MUCH AS POSSIBLE.>

< start="3172.702" dur="4.638">WE BELIEVE THAT THE LEGISLATION>

< start="3174.07" dur="5.205">HAS BEEN IMPROVED SUFFICIENTLY>

< start="3175.972" dur="5.639">TO WARRANT ITS QUICK>

< start="3177.44" dur="7.875">CONSIDERATION AND PASSAGE.>

< start="3179.375" dur="7.308">I EXPECT THE SENATE CAN GET THE>

< start="3181.711" dur="6.072">JOB DONE IN THE NEW FEW HOURS.>

< start="3185.415" dur="6.239">NOW, THE AMERICAN PEOPLE>

< start="3186.783" dur="6.907">WATCHING SHOULD KNOW WHAT IS IN>

< start="3187.883" dur="6.074">THIS BILL WHICH HAS UNDERGONE>

< start="3191.754" dur="3.37">MANY REVISIONS OVER THE PAST 48>

< start="3193.79" dur="2.669">HOURS.>

< start="3194.057" dur="3.904">MANY OF THE PROGRAMS AND FUNDING>

< start="3195.224" dur="5.072">AUTHORITIES THAT ARE BEING>

< start="3196.559" dur="5.372">FINALIZED AS WE SPEAK WILL GO TO>

< start="3198.061" dur="5.505">THEM DIRECTLY, THE AMERICAN>

< start="3200.396" dur="4.238">PEOPLE AND COULD MAKE THE>

< start="3202.031" dur="4.838">DIFFERENCE IN THE NEXT FEW>

< start="3203.666" dur="5.105">MONTHS BETWEEN PUTTING FOOD ON>

< start="3204.734" dur="6.206">THE TABLE AND GOING HUNGRY,>

< start="3206.969" dur="5.873">BETWEEN SURVIVING THIS PERIOD OF>

< start="3208.871" dur="5.973">UNEMPLOYMENT AND FINANCIAL RUIN.>

< start="3211.04" dur="5.706">SO LET ME BRIEFLY RUN THROUGH>

< start="3212.942" dur="5.739">THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE>

< start="3214.944" dur="5.773">BILL.>

< start="3216.846" dur="6.974">FIRST, AS I MENTIONED, A>

< start="3218.781" dur="7.708">MARSHALL PLAN FOR THE AMERICAN>

< start="3220.817" dur="7.874">MEDICAL SYSTEM IS NOW UNDER WAY.>

< start="3223.92" dur="7.908">THIS AGREEMENT WILL INJECT $150>

< start="3226.589" dur="6.507">BILLION INTO OUR HOSPITALS AND>

< start="3228.791" dur="5.706">HEALTH SYSTEM, HEADLINED BY A>

< start="3231.928" dur="4.104">NEW HUNDRED BILLION FUND TO>

< start="3233.196" dur="4.971">PROVIDE OUR HEALTH SYSTEM WITH>

< start="3234.597" dur="5.506">WHATEVER IT NEEDS TO FIGHT BACK.>

< start="3236.132" dur="4.038">THE GRANTS IN THAT FUND WILL BE>

< start="3238.267" dur="3.671">AVAILABLE TO EVERYONE WHO IS>

< start="3240.236" dur="4.905">FIGHTING CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="3242.038" dur="5.205">HOSPITALS, NURSING HOMES,>

< start="3243.573" dur="4.738">COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS AND ALL>

< start="3245.241" dur="5.606">TYPES OF MEDICAID PROVIDERS AND>

< start="3247.343" dur="5.406">SAFETY NET PROVIDERS.>

< start="3248.411" dur="6.773">IT INCLUDES FUNDING FOR PERSONAL>

< start="3250.947" dur="6.006">PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, TESTING>

< start="3252.849" dur="5.739">SUPPLIES, A SURGE IN OUR HEALTH>

< start="3255.284" dur="4.472">CARE WORKFORCE, ADDITIONAL>

< start="3257.053" dur="5.038">MEDICARE FUNDING, RESEARCH INTO>

< start="3258.688" dur="5.739">CORONAVIRUS TREATMENTS AND MORE.>

< start="3259.856" dur="7.24">THE FUNDING WILL LITERALLY ACT>

< start="3262.191" dur="5.138">AS A LIFELINE AS THE NUMBER OF>

< start="3264.527" dur="6.373">COVID-19 CASES CONTINUES TO>

< start="3267.196" dur="5.639">CLIMB.>

< start="3267.43" dur="6.673">SO AS I SAID, A MARSHALL PLAN>

< start="3271" dur="5.072">FOR AMERICAN MEDICAL SYSTEM IS>

< start="3272.935" dur="4.505">NOW UNDER WAY.>

< start="3274.203" dur="6.04">SECOND, WORKERS FIRST.>

< start="3276.172" dur="6.24">MILLIONS OF WORKERS THROUGH NO>

< start="3277.54" dur="8.008">FAULT OF THEIR OWN ARE LOSING>

< start="3280.343" dur="5.438">PAYCHECKS WITH NO WAY TO COVER>

< start="3282.512" dur="4.905">THEIR DAILY EXPENSES AND MONTHLY>

< start="3285.648" dur="4.471">BILLS.>

< start="3285.882" dur="5.472">COMING TO THEIR RESCUE IS A>

< start="3287.517" dur="5.438">PROGRAM DEMOCRATS DEVISED TO>

< start="3290.219" dur="4.738">BOOST UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE.>

< start="3291.454" dur="5.239">WE CALL IT UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="3293.055" dur="6.173">INSURANCE ON STEROIDS.>

< start="3295.057" dur="6.707">THE AGREEMENT INCREASES THE>

< start="3296.793" dur="6.406">MAXIMUM UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT BY>

< start="3299.328" dur="6.34">$600 PER WEEK AND ENSURES THAT>

< start="3301.864" dur="4.138">LAID OFF WORKERS ON AVERAGE WILL>

< start="3303.299" dur="3.904">RECEIVE THEIR FULL PAY FOR FOUR>

< start="3305.768" dur="3.837">MONTHS.>

< start="3306.102" dur="6.506">THESE BENEFITS WILL BE MUCH>

< start="3307.303" dur="6.74">EASIER TO ACCESS AND WILL BE>

< start="3309.705" dur="5.473">EXPANDED TO INCLUDE PART-TIME,>

< start="3312.708" dur="5.272">SELF-EMPLOYED, FREELANCERS, AND>

< start="3314.143" dur="5.139">GIG ECONOMY WORKERS.>

< start="3315.278" dur="5.305">AND THE NEW PROGRAM HAS A SECOND>

< start="3318.08" dur="3.838">-- THE FIRST JOB OF THIS>

< start="3319.382" dur="4.071">PROGRAM, GET MONEY INTO THE>

< start="3320.683" dur="5.005">POCKETS OF PEOPLE WHO ARE LOSING>

< start="3322.018" dur="5.405">THEIR JOBS THROUGH NO FAULT OF>

< start="3323.553" dur="6.106">THEIR OWN, AND IT WILL COME>

< start="3325.788" dur="6.507">QUICKLY AND GENEROUSLY.>

< start="3327.523" dur="6.073">BUT IT HAS A SECOND PURPOSE.>

< start="3329.759" dur="6.273">IT WILL ALSO ALLOW COMPANIES TO>

< start="3332.395" dur="5.539">FURLOUGH WORKERS SO THEY CAN>

< start="3333.696" dur="5.739">STAY ON AS EMPLOYEES, SO THAT>

< start="3336.132" dur="5.539">WHEN GOD WILLING THIS CRISIS>

< start="3338.034" dur="6.506">ABATES, THEY CAN QUICKLY RESUME>

< start="3339.535" dur="7.141">WORK WITH TIR EMPLOYER AND>

< start="3341.771" dur="6.807">BUSINESSES CAN RESEMBLE.>

< start="3344.64" dur="5.673">WHEN THIS -- REASSEM BALANCE.>

< start="3346.776" dur="5.072">WHEN THIS CRISIS IS OVER, WE>

< start="3348.678" dur="4.905">DON'T WANT EVERY WORKER LOSING>

< start="3350.413" dur="3.904">THEIR JOB TO SCATTER TO THE>

< start="3351.948" dur="3.737">WINDS AND SO MANY GOOD>

< start="3353.683" dur="3.87">BUSINESSES THROUGH NO FAULT OF>

< start="3354.417" dur="7.708">THEIR OWN WILL FALL APART.>

< start="3355.785" dur="6.807">BY KEEPING THEM ON FURLOUGH,>

< start="3357.653" dur="6.54">PAYING THEM, THE BUSINESSES CAN>

< start="3362.225" dur="3.637">REASSEMBLE QUICKLY.>

< start="3362.692" dur="4.571">THIS PROPOSAL, UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="3364.293" dur="4.138">INSURANCE ON STEROID, WILL BE>

< start="3365.962" dur="2.836">THE GREATEST EXPANSION OF>

< start="3367.363" dur="3.504">UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS IN>

< start="3368.531" dur="3.871">DECADES.>

< start="3368.898" dur="5.539">A SOCIAL SAFETY NET WIDE ENOUGH>

< start="3370.967" dur="5.338">TO CATCH THE MILLIONS OF>

< start="3372.502" dur="5.238">AMERICAN WORKERS WHO BECAME>

< start="3374.537" dur="4.504">UNEMPLOYED VIRTUALLY OVERNIGHT,>

< start="3376.405" dur="3.571">WOVEN WITH FIBER STRONG ENOUGH>

< start="3377.84" dur="4.705">TO HOLD THEM THROUGH THE WORST>

< start="3379.141" dur="5.373">OF THIS CRISIS.>

< start="3380.076" dur="6.34">AS I SAID, WE'RE GOING TO PASS>

< start="3382.645" dur="5.438">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ON>

< start="3384.614" dur="5.438">STEROIDS.>

< start="3386.516" dur="6.172">THIRD, OVERSIGHT, TRANSPARENCY,>

< start="3388.183" dur="5.573">AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF ALL LOANS>

< start="3390.152" dur="5.706">MADE TO CORPORATIONS.>

< start="3392.788" dur="5.139">THE REPUBLICAN BILL INITIALLY>

< start="3393.856" dur="5.839">PUT THE FOCUS ON RESCUING>

< start="3395.958" dur="4.805">INDUSTRY AND DID NOT DO ENOUGH>

< start="3398.027" dur="6.74">TO PROTECT THE HUNDREDS -->

< start="3399.795" dur="5.573">HUNDREDS UPON HUNDREDS OF>

< start="3400.863" dur="6.44">THOUSANDS OF WORKERS THOSE>

< start="3404.867" dur="4.171">INDUSTRIES EMPLOY.>

< start="3405.468" dur="4.738">BUT AS A RESULT OF OUR>

< start="3407.403" dur="5.205">NEGOTIATIONS, DEMOCRATS HAVE>

< start="3409.138" dur="5.706">SECURED CRUCIAL WORKER>

< start="3410.306" dur="5.606">PROTECTIONS THROUGHOUT THE BILL>

< start="3412.708" dur="4.271">AS CONDITIONS TO RESCUING LARGE>

< start="3414.944" dur="3.47">COMPANIES, INCLUDING INCENTIVES>

< start="3416.012" dur="3.57">FOR BUSINESSES TO KEEP WORKERS>

< start="3417.079" dur="4.038">ON THE PAYROLL DURING THE>

< start="3418.514" dur="2.67">CRISIS.>

< start="3419.682" dur="3.237">FOR THE NEARLY TWO MILLION>

< start="3421.25" dur="6.173">AIRLINE EMPLOYEES, DEMOCRATS>

< start="3423.019" dur="5.605">HAVE ALSO SECURED DIRECT PAYROLL>

< start="3425.087" dur="5.539">PAYMENTS TO KEEP YOU ON THE JOB.>

< start="3427.523" dur="4.538">YOUR COLLECTIVE BARGAINING>

< start="3428.724" dur="5.439">RIGHTS WILL BE PROTECTED AND>

< start="3430.726" dur="5.172">AIRLINES WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO>

< start="3432.161" dur="5.306">SPEND ANY GRANT MONEY ON STOCK>

< start="3434.263" dur="4.939">BUYBACKS OR C.E.O. BONUS PAY FOR>

< start="3435.998" dur="4.872">THE LIFE OF THE GRANT PLUS ONE>

< start="3437.567" dur="4.371">YEAR.>

< start="3439.302" dur="6.84">DEMOCRATS ALSO SECURED TOUGH NEW>

< start="3440.97" dur="6.94">REQUIREMENTS ON FEDERAL GRANTS>

< start="3442.038" dur="7.274">AND LOANS TO ANY INDUSTRY.>

< start="3446.242" dur="4.471">NO STOCK BUYBACKS FOR THE LENGTH>

< start="3448.01" dur="3.604">OF ANY LOAN PROVIDED BY THE>

< start="3449.412" dur="4.838">TREASURY PLUS ONE ADDITIONAL>

< start="3450.813" dur="4.505">YEAR.>

< start="3451.714" dur="4.972">RESTRICTIONS ON ANY INCREASES TO>

< start="3454.35" dur="4.705">EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.>

< start="3455.418" dur="3.971">A REQUIREMENT TO PROTECT>

< start="3456.786" dur="3.804">COLLECTIVE BARGAINING>

< start="3459.155" dur="2.903">AGREEMENTS.>

< start="3459.489" dur="4.17">DEMOCRATS SECURED A PROHIBITION>

< start="3460.69" dur="4.471">ON ANY TRUMP ORGANIZATION>

< start="3462.158" dur="4.271">BUSINESS OR ANY BUSINESS>

< start="3463.759" dur="6.874">CONTROLLED BY ANY OTHER>

< start="3465.261" dur="8.442">GOVERNMENT LEADERS FROM>

< start="3466.529" dur="8.808">RECEIVING A LOAN FROM THIS BILL.>

< start="3470.733" dur="6.006">WE COMPELLED THE CREATION OF>

< start="3473.803" dur="6.373">TREASURY DEPARTMENT SPECIAL>

< start="3475.437" dur="5.073">INSPECTOR GENERAL TO PROVIDE>

< start="3476.839" dur="5.072">OVERSIGHT OF TREASURY LOANS AND>

< start="3480.276" dur="2.536">INVESTMENTS.>

< start="3480.61" dur="3.469">AN ACCOUNTABILITY COMMITTEE TO>

< start="3482.011" dur="3.804">PROTECT TAXPAYER DOLLARS.>

< start="3482.912" dur="5.171">AND A CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT>

< start="3484.179" dur="5.173">COMMISSION AS WELL.>

< start="3485.915" dur="4.471">AND THERE WILL BE MUCH-NEEDED>

< start="3488.183" dur="4.739">TRANSPARENCY IN THESE>

< start="3489.452" dur="6.54">REQUIREMENTS AS WELL.>

< start="3490.486" dur="7.241">THE TREASURY SECRETARY MUST BY>

< start="3493.022" dur="7.474">LAW MAKE PUBLIC QUICKLY THE>

< start="3496.092" dur="5.071">NAMES AND TERMS OF LOANS OR>

< start="3497.827" dur="5.906">OTHER ASSISTANCE TO CORPORATE>

< start="3500.596" dur="6.707">BORROWERS.>

< start="3501.263" dur="6.907">I BELIEVE IT WAS JUSTICE>

< start="3503.833" dur="6.473">BRANDEIS SAID SUN LIGHT IS THE>

< start="3507.403" dur="5.305">GREAT DISINFECTANT.>

< start="3508.271" dur="6.106">IF ANY OF THESE LOANS LOOK>

< start="3510.406" dur="5.239">UNTOWARD, IF ANY OF THESE LOANS>

< start="3512.808" dur="4.205">DON'T LOOK RIGHT, THE PUBLIC,>

< start="3514.477" dur="4.838">THE CONGRESS WILL KNOW QUICKLY>

< start="3515.745" dur="5.438">AND THAT WILL PUT PRESSURE ON>

< start="3517.113" dur="5.505">THE TREASURY SECRETARY NOT TO DO>

< start="3519.415" dur="4.972">THEM AND CERTAINLY NOT TO REPEAT>

< start="3521.316" dur="5.106">THEM.>

< start="3522.718" dur="5.906">FOURTH, RESOURCES OF STATE,>

< start="3524.487" dur="5.405">LOCAL, AND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS>

< start="3526.522" dur="5.572">WHO ARE CARRYING THE WEIGHT OF>

< start="3528.724" dur="4.271">THEIR OVERBURDENED HEALTH>

< start="3529.992" dur="6.54">NETWORKS ON THEIR BUDGETS IS>

< start="3532.194" dur="5.272">THERE.>

< start="3533.095" dur="7.908">THIS CAME DOWN TO THE WIRE.>

< start="3536.632" dur="6.24">OUR REPUBLICAN FRIENDS DIDN'T>

< start="3537.566" dur="6.707">WANT TO DO IT, BUT I'M GLAD THEY>

< start="3541.103" dur="3.437">ACCEDED TO OUR WISHES HERE,>

< start="3542.972" dur="2.669">BECAUSE LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ARE>

< start="3544.373" dur="4.605">HURTING.>

< start="3544.64" dur="5.773">THEY ARE SPENDING MORE MONEY>

< start="3545.741" dur="6.173">THAN THEY HAVE EVER SPENT, AND>

< start="3549.078" dur="5.739">AT THE SAME TIME THEIR TAX>

< start="3550.513" dur="4.371">REVENUES HAVE DECLINED.>

< start="3552.014" dur="5.573">AND SO WE MUST HELP OUR LOCAL>

< start="3554.95" dur="7.241">GOVERNMENTS, AND WE WILL IN THIS>

< start="3557.687" dur="6.907">LEGISLATION, AND IT WILL BE>

< start="3560.589" dur="6.14">DISTRIBUTED BETWEEN BOTH THE>

< start="3562.291" dur="6.073">LOCAL GOVERNMENT -- THE COUNTY>

< start="3564.694" dur="7.04">GOVERNMENTS AND THE STATE.>

< start="3566.829" dur="6.14">IN THE END, STATE AND LOCAL>

< start="3568.464" dur="5.806">GOVERNMENTS WILL NOW GET>

< start="3571.834" dur="2.77">$150 BILLION, WITH $8 BILLION>

< start="3573.069" dur="3.537">SET ASIDE FOR TRIBAL>

< start="3574.37" dur="3.303">GOVERNMENTS.>

< start="3574.704" dur="5.472">THE RELIEF IS DESPERATELY NEEDED>

< start="3576.706" dur="4.771">BECAUSE STATE REVENUES HAVE>

< start="3577.773" dur="5.139">DRIED UP ALMOST OVERNIGHT>

< start="3580.276" dur="4.237">LEAVING THEM WITH UNTENABLE>

< start="3581.577" dur="3.837">CHOICES ABOUT HOW TO ALLOCATE>

< start="3583.012" dur="4.271">THEIR HEALTH CARE AND OTHER>

< start="3584.613" dur="3.137">RESOURCES.>

< start="3585.514" dur="6.507">FIFTH, URGENT HELP FOR SMALL>

< start="3587.383" dur="5.638">BUSINESSES.>

< start="3587.85" dur="6.74">MY DAD WAS A SMALL BUSINESSMAN,>

< start="3592.121" dur="4.571">AN EXTERMINATOR.>

< start="3593.122" dur="5.105">HE USED TO PACE THE FLOORS>

< start="3594.69" dur="3.77">SUNDAY NIGHTS UNTIL 2:00 A.M.>

< start="3596.792" dur="2.703">BECAUSE HE DIDN'T WANT TO GO TO>

< start="3598.327" dur="2.903">WORK.>

< start="3598.561" dur="4.204">I KNOW HOW SMALL BUSINESS PEOPLE>

< start="3599.595" dur="3.403">WORRY AND SUFFER UNDER NORMAL>

< start="3601.33" dur="4.204">TIMES LET ALONE THESE DIFFICULT>

< start="3602.865" dur="4.071">TIMES.>

< start="3603.099" dur="5.505">THIS BILL OFFERS $350 BILLION IN>

< start="3605.634" dur="4.372">LOAN FORGIVENESS GRANTS TO SMALL>

< start="3607.036" dur="4.605">BUSINESSES TO KEEP THEIR>

< start="3608.704" dur="4.772">EXISTING WORK FORCE AND TO HELP>

< start="3610.106" dur="5.639">PAY FOR THINGS LIKE RENT,>

< start="3611.741" dur="6.039">MORTGAGE, AND UTILITIES.>

< start="3613.576" dur="5.906">IT PROVIDES $10 BILLION IN>

< start="3615.845" dur="5.472">EMERGENCY GRANTS TO PROVIDE>

< start="3617.88" dur="3.504">IMMEDIATE RELIEF FOR SMALL>

< start="3619.582" dur="3.036">BUSINESS OPERATING COSTS.>

< start="3621.45" dur="5.206">AND OF COURSE THERE ARE MANY>

< start="3622.718" dur="4.471">THINGS BESIDES IN THIS BILL.>

< start="3624.353" dur="4.405">THOSE WERE THE FIVE THINGS WE>

< start="3626.756" dur="3.937">PUSHED FOR.>

< start="3627.289" dur="4.071">SMALL BUSINESS WAS MUCH IN THE>

< start="3628.858" dur="5.639">BILL THAT LEADER McCONNELL PUT>

< start="3630.793" dur="5.372">FORWARD.>

< start="3631.46" dur="6.04">ALL THE REST, WE AS DEMOCRATS>

< start="3634.597" dur="4.871">HAVE PUSHED HARD FOR AND GOTTEN>

< start="3636.265" dur="3.804">IN THE BILL.>

< start="3637.6" dur="4.738">NOW, THERE ARE OTHER THINGS,>

< start="3639.568" dur="4.805">TOO.>

< start="3640.169" dur="6.406">SUPPORT FOR AMERICAN FAMILIES,>

< start="3642.438" dur="5.539">INCLUDING CHILD CARE, EDUCATION,>

< start="3644.473" dur="6.006">SENIOR CARE, HOUSING, AND MORE.>

< start="3646.675" dur="4.071">ONE THING OF PARTICULAR>

< start="3648.077" dur="4.638">IMPORTANCE TO MY STATE IS PUBLIC>

< start="3650.579" dur="4.605">TRANSIT.>

< start="3650.846" dur="4.638">THE M.T.A. IS DROWNING AFTER>

< start="3652.815" dur="5.706">SUCH A STEEP AND SUDDEN LOSS OF>

< start="3655.284" dur="4.405">RIDERSHIP.>

< start="3655.584" dur="6.307">DEMOCRATS ASKED FOR AND NOW HAVE>

< start="3658.621" dur="4.571">SECURED $25 BILLION LIFE>

< start="3659.789" dur="5.372">PRESERVER TO KEEP THOSE PUBLIC>

< start="3661.991" dur="5.939">TRANSIT SYSTEMS AFLOAT AS WELL.>

< start="3663.292" dur="6.14">AND IT'S NOT JUST BIG CITIES.>

< start="3665.261" dur="7.474">THE BUS SYSTEMS IN RURAL AREAS>

< start="3668.03" dur="5.739">WILL DEPEND ON THIS AS WELL.>

< start="3669.532" dur="6.373">THE BOTTOM LINE IS THIS -- THIS>

< start="3672.835" dur="5.873">BIPARTISAN AGREEMENT WILL>

< start="3673.869" dur="9.877">PROVIDE MORE RESOURCES TO OUR>

< start="3676.005" dur="9.042">PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM AND PROTECT>

< start="3678.808" dur="7.874">AMERICAN WORKERS OF ALL STRIPES.>

< start="3683.846" dur="4.738">NOW, AS I HAVE SAID BEFORE, THIS>

< start="3685.147" dur="5.306">BILL IS FAR FROM PERFECT.>

< start="3686.782" dur="5.606">MANY FLAWS REMAIN, SOME SERIOUS,>

< start="3688.684" dur="4.972">BUT BY NO STRETCH OF THE>

< start="3690.553" dur="6.306">IMAGINATION IS THIS THE BILL THE>

< start="3692.488" dur="5.806">DEMOCRATS WOULD HAVE WRITTEN HAD>

< start="3693.756" dur="6.873">WE BEEN IN THE MAJORITY.>

< start="3696.959" dur="4.605">IF DEMOCRATS HELD THE PEN, WE>

< start="3698.394" dur="4.004">WOULD HAVE DESIGNED THE>

< start="3700.729" dur="2.236">ASSISTANCE TO TROUBLED>

< start="3701.664" dur="2.936">INDUSTRIES IN A COMPLETELY>

< start="3702.498" dur="3.537">DIFFERENT WAY.>

< start="3703.065" dur="3.937">WE WOULD HAVE ADDED EVEN MORE>

< start="3704.7" dur="2.936">SUPPORT FOR MEDICAID, HOSPITALS,>

< start="3706.135" dur="3.67">COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS, AND>

< start="3707.102" dur="3.871">NURSING HOMES.>

< start="3707.736" dur="4.638">A NEW PATIENT PROTECTION -- AND>

< start="3709.905" dur="4.638">NEW PATIENT PROTECTIONS TO>

< start="3711.073" dur="4.838">ENSURE THAT EVERYONE WITH>

< start="3712.474" dur="5.373">CORONAVIRUS CAN ACCESS AND>

< start="3714.643" dur="3.571">AFFORD TREATMENT.>

< start="3716.011" dur="3.571">WE WOULD HAVE INCREASED FOOD>

< start="3717.947" dur="3.403">ASSISTANCE.>

< start="3718.314" dur="5.505">WE WOULD HAVE INCLUDED MORE>

< start="3719.682" dur="4.838">RELIEF FOR STUDENT BORROWERS AND>

< start="3721.483" dur="4.338">PROHIBITIONS ON EVICTIONS AND>

< start="3723.919" dur="4.338">FORECLOSURES ON AMERICANS FOR>

< start="3724.62" dur="7.541">THE DURATION OF THE CRISIS.>

< start="3725.921" dur="6.607">WE HAVE GOTTEN MANY OF THOSE BUT>

< start="3728.357" dur="5.672">NOT ALL ON EVICTIONS AND>

< start="3732.261" dur="2.936">FORECLOSURES.>

< start="3732.628" dur="2.802">WE WOULD HAVE PUT WORKERS FIRST>

< start="3734.129" dur="2.737">IN EVERY SINGLE PART OF THE>

< start="3735.297" dur="3.437">BILL.>

< start="3735.531" dur="4.805">THAT'S WHAT WE TRIED TO DO HERE>

< start="3736.966" dur="3.67">AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE, BUT SENATE>

< start="3738.834" dur="4.905">DEMOCRATS ARE NOT IN THE>

< start="3740.436" dur="4.705">MAJORITY.>

< start="3740.736" dur="5.806">WE KNEW THIS BILL HAD TO PASS>

< start="3743.839" dur="4.672">MUSTER WITH THE REPUBLICAN>

< start="3745.241" dur="7.34">ADMINISTRATION, AND A FAILURE TO>

< start="3746.642" dur="7.141">REACH AN AGREEMENT IN THIS TIME>

< start="3748.611" dur="6.072">OF DEEPENING SERIOUS, PAINFUL>

< start="3752.681" dur="4.238">NATIONAL CRISIS WAS SIMPLY NOT>

< start="3753.883" dur="5.438">AN OPTION.>

< start="3754.783" dur="6.073">WE HAVE BEFORE US AN IMPERFECT>

< start="3757.019" dur="5.506">BILL BUT A NECESSARY ONE.>

< start="3759.421" dur="6.574">DESPITE ITS FLAWS, IT IS FAR>

< start="3760.956" dur="7.04">BETTER THAN WHERE WE STARTED,>

< start="3762.625" dur="7.741">AND IT'S TIME TO PASS IT.>

< start="3766.095" dur="4.838">NOW, BEFORE I YIELD THE FLOOR,>

< start="3768.096" dur="4.105">THERE ARE SOME PEOPLE I HAVE TO>

< start="3770.466" dur="2.669">RECOGNIZE.>

< start="3771.033" dur="3.57">THE REPUBLICAN CHAIRS AND>

< start="3772.301" dur="5.072">DEMOCRATIC RANKING MEMBERS AND>

< start="3773.235" dur="6.206">THEIR STAFFS WHO HAVE WORKED>

< start="3774.703" dur="6.907">DILIGENTLY ON THIS LEGISLATION.>

< start="3777.473" dur="6.306">SENATORS LEAHY AND CARDIN AND>

< start="3779.541" dur="6.707">SHAHEEN AND WAR REVENUE AND REED>

< start="3781.71" dur="5.772">AND PETERS AND WYDEN AND SO MANY>

< start="3783.879" dur="4.972">MORE I COULD NAME, THE WHOLE>

< start="3786.348" dur="4.205">CAUCUS AND THEIR ENTIRE STAFFS,>

< start="3787.582" dur="5.64">THANK YOU.>

< start="3788.951" dur="5.906">THIS BILL IS BETTER BECAUSE OF>

< start="3790.653" dur="7.174">YOUR LONG HOURS AND HARD WORK.>

< start="3793.322" dur="13.78">THE FLOOR STAFF WHO KEPT THIS>

< start="3794.957" dur="16.55">CHAMBER OPEN AND RUNNING AT ALL>

< start="3797.927" dur="15.548">HOURS, WE THANK YOU.>

< start="3807.202" dur="8.943">SECRETARY MNUCHIN, AIRCRAFT>

< start="3811.607" dur="6.54">EULAND, MARK MEADOWS, AND THEIR>

< start="3813.575" dur="5.172">STAFFS WHO HAVE SPENT MORE TIME>

< start="3816.245" dur="3.537">IN MY OFFICE THAN THEY CARE TO>

< start="3818.247" dur="4.738">ADMIT, THANK YOU.>

< start="3818.847" dur="6.207">NOW TO MY STAFF.>

< start="3819.882" dur="7.808">I AM BLESSED WITH THE GREATEST>

< start="3823.085" dur="6.373">STAFF A SENATOR COULD HAVE.>

< start="3825.154" dur="6.373">THEY ARE SO DEDICATED TO THE>

< start="3827.79" dur="6.039">PUBLIC GOOD, THEY ARE SO>

< start="3829.558" dur="7.675">DEDICATED TO THIS COUNTRY, AND>

< start="3831.627" dur="10.01">YOU SHOULD HAVE SEEN THEM>

< start="3833.929" dur="8.976">WORKING.>

< start="3837.333" dur="7.207">JERRY PATRELL AND MEGAN TYRA>

< start="3841.737" dur="4.304">HAVE A LITTLE BABY AT HOME.>

< start="3843.005" dur="5.639">BOTH OF THEM HAVE IMPORTANT>

< start="3844.64" dur="6.34">ROLES IN MY STAFF.>

< start="3846.141" dur="6.574">THEY MET HERE, GOT MARRIED.>

< start="3848.744" dur="5.305">THEY WERE DAY IN AND DAY OUT.>

< start="3851.08" dur="4.27">SO WAS EVERYBODY ELSE.>

< start="3852.815" dur="3.403">SO WAS EVERYBODY ELSE.>

< start="3854.149" dur="3.838">I WANT TO THANK MY STAFF.>

< start="3855.45" dur="3.104">IF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE SAW THE>

< start="3856.318" dur="3.871">WORK YOU DID, THEY WOULD BE SO>

< start="3858.087" dur="4.304">PROUD.>

< start="3858.654" dur="5.472">SO THANK YOU FROM THE BOTTOM OF>

< start="3860.289" dur="5.539">MY HEART.>

< start="3862.491" dur="5.606">OUR COLLEAGUES AND OUR STAFFS>

< start="3864.226" dur="6.406">HAVE COMMITTED THEMSELVES IN>

< start="3865.928" dur="6.84">THIS WAY BECAUSE THEY UNDERSTAND>

< start="3868.197" dur="6.273">THE SACRIFICES BEING MADE BY THE>

< start="3870.732" dur="5.006">AMERICAN PEOPLE IN HOMES AND>

< start="3872.868" dur="4.938">HOSPITALS ACROSS THIS GREAT>

< start="3874.57" dur="5.572">NATION.>

< start="3875.838" dur="6.606">THE WORKING FAMILIES WHO ARE AT>

< start="3877.906" dur="5.473">HOME, MISSING PAYCHECKS, PLAYING>

< start="3880.242" dur="4.071">TEACHER AND PROVIDER AND>

< start="3882.544" dur="4.405">CAREGIVER ALL AT ONCE.>

< start="3883.479" dur="5.104">THE THOUSANDS OF AMERICANS WHO>

< start="3884.413" dur="5.005">ARE VOLUNTEERING TO HELP>

< start="3887.049" dur="4.905">UNDERSTAFFED MEDICAL FACILITIES,>

< start="3888.683" dur="5.106">THE SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS WHO>

< start="3889.518" dur="5.806">ARE WATCHING THE LABOR OF THEIR>

< start="3892.054" dur="5.472">LIVES EVAPORATE IN AN INSTANT>

< start="3893.889" dur="11.045">BUT ARE STILL PAYING THEIR>

< start="3895.424" dur="10.811">WORKERS AS MUCH AS THEY CAN>

< start="3897.626" dur="9.543">MANAGE.>

< start="3905.034" dur="3.737">THE NRS AND DOCTORS AND HEALTH>

< start="3906.335" dur="3.87">CARE WORKERS WHO KNOW BETTER>

< start="3907.269" dur="4.772">THAN ANYONE THE RISK OF>

< start="3908.871" dur="5.272">CONTRACTING THIS DISEASE BY>

< start="3910.305" dur="6.24">TREATING INFECTED PATIENTS WHO>

< start="3912.141" dur="5.005">GO TO WORK EVERY DAY, WORKING>

< start="3914.243" dur="6.673">LONGER SHIFTS TO DO GOD'S WORK>

< start="3916.645" dur="6.774">ANYWAY.>

< start="3917.246" dur="7.24">TO THEM, TO ALL AMERICANS, I SAY>

< start="3921.016" dur="5.639">THIS -- HELP IS ON THE WAY, BIG>

< start="3923.519" dur="4.771">HELP, QUICK HELP.>

< start="3924.586" dur="6.24">WE ARE GOING TO TAKE UP THIS>

< start="3926.755" dur="5.573">BILL AND PASS IT TO CARE FOR>

< start="3928.39" dur="6.574">THOSE WHO ARE NOW CARING FOR US>

< start="3930.926" dur="4.471">AND HELP CARRY MILLIONS OF>

< start="3932.428" dur="4.404">AMERICANS THROUGH THESE DARK>

< start="3935.064" dur="3.603">TIMES.>

< start="3935.497" dur="6.006">THIS IS CERTAINLY NOT THE END OF>

< start="3936.932" dur="6.874">OUR WORK HERE IN CONGRESS, BUT>

< start="3938.767" dur="7.107">RATHER THE END OF THE BEGINNING.>

< start="3941.603" dur="5.673">THE CRISIS CONTINUES TO DEEPEN.>

< start="3943.906" dur="4.971">THERE WILL BE DIFFICULT DAYS>

< start="3945.974" dur="5.139">AHEAD, AND THE WORST MAY BE YET>

< start="3947.376" dur="5.138">TO COME, AND WE CERTAINLY MAY>

< start="3948.978" dur="5.538">HAVE TO COME BACK AND DO FURTHER>

< start="3951.213" dur="4.939">LEGISLATION, BUT WE KNOW RIGHT>

< start="3952.614" dur="6.741">NOW HELP IS ON THE WAY.>

< start="3954.616" dur="6.574">AND WE WILL NOT STOP WORKING>

< start="3956.252" dur="5.272">UNTIL WE SEE OUR NATION THROUGH>

< start="3959.455" dur="5.805">THIS TIME OF EXTRAORDINARY>

< start="3961.29" dur="19.319">CHALLENGE.>

< start="3961.624" dur="19.619">I YIELD THE FLOOR AND NOTE THE>

< start="3965.36" dur="16.651">ABSENCE -- I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="3980.709" dur="2.703">MR. GARDNER: MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="3981.343" dur="3.037">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="3982.111" dur="2.636">SENATOR FROM COLORADO.>

< start="3983.512" dur="2.703">MR. GARDNER: I THANK YOU,>

< start="3984.48" dur="2.702">MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="3984.847" dur="3.403">IT IS GREAT TO BE BACK ON THE>

< start="3986.315" dur="2.569">FLOOR OF THE U.S. SENATE.>

< start="3987.282" dur="3.704">IT'S A HEAVY OBLIGATION WE HAVE>

< start="3988.383" dur="3.537">BEFORE US.>

< start="3988.984" dur="5.973">ON MARCH 17, I WAS CONTACTED BY>

< start="3991.086" dur="6.04">THE TRICOUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENT>

< start="3992.02" dur="7.274">TO NOTIFY ME THAT ON MARCH 11, I>

< start="3995.057" dur="6.106">HAD BEEN IN A MEETING WITH A>

< start="3997.226" dur="6.106">COLORADAN WHO LATER TESTED>

< start="3999.394" dur="5.306">POSITIVE FOR COVID-19, AND AT>

< start="4001.263" dur="4.371">THE ADVICE OF THE TRICOUNTY>

< start="4003.432" dur="5.672">HEALTH DEPARTMENT AND THE>

< start="4004.8" dur="5.405">ATTENDING PHYSICIAN IN THE>

< start="4005.734" dur="6.607">CAPITOL, I ENTERED>

< start="4009.204" dur="4.471">SELF-QUARANTINE TO PROTECT MY>

< start="4010.305" dur="4.872">COLLEAGUES, OUR COMMUNITY, AND>

< start="4012.441" dur="4.271">THEIR FAMILY, AND THAT TIME HAS>

< start="4013.775" dur="6.307">NOW EXPIRED AS OF THIS MORNING.>

< start="4015.277" dur="6.106">I CERTAINLY REGRET THE FACT THAT>

< start="4016.812" dur="5.906">I MISSED A VOTE THAT PASSED 90-8>

< start="4020.182" dur="4.137">TO COMPLETE PHASE TWO OF OUR>

< start="4021.483" dur="6.507">HELP TO ADDRESS COVID-19.>

< start="4022.818" dur="6.773">I WISH I HAD BEEN HERE BECAUSE>

< start="4024.419" dur="6.707">THE VOTE WOULD HAVE BEEN 91-8.>

< start="4028.09" dur="4.438">BUT THROUGHOUT THAT TIME THAT I>

< start="4029.691" dur="5.005">WAS IN QUARANTINE, I HAD AN>

< start="4031.226" dur="5.406">OPPORTUNITY TO VISIT WITH>

< start="4032.628" dur="6.039">THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF>

< start="4034.796" dur="4.739">COLORADANS.>

< start="4036.732" dur="5.305">TELEPHONE TOWN HALLS AND EVERY>

< start="4038.767" dur="5.239">CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT TO HEAR>

< start="4039.635" dur="6.473">FROM BUSINESS LEADERS, TO HEAR>

< start="4042.137" dur="4.905">FROM BUSINESS INDIVIDUALS WHO>

< start="4044.106" dur="4.571">HAVE LOST THEIR JOBS, TO HEAR>

< start="4046.208" dur="4.304">FROM PARENTS WHO ARE AT HOME>

< start="4047.142" dur="5.339">WITH THEIR KIDS WHO ARE OUT OF>

< start="4048.777" dur="5.406">SCHOOL, NOT KNOWING IF THEY>

< start="4050.612" dur="5.673">WOULD GO BACK AT ALL TO WORK.>

< start="4052.581" dur="5.506">TO FIGURE OUT HOW ZOOM WORKS, TO>

< start="4054.283" dur="5.806">FIGURE OUT HOW SKYPE WORKS, TO>

< start="4056.385" dur="4.771">FIGURE OUT HOW TECHNOLOGY WORKS>

< start="4058.187" dur="4.47">TO TEACH THEIR KIDS AT HOME.>

< start="4060.189" dur="4.137">THROUGHOUT THIS PROCESS, I HAVE>

< start="4061.256" dur="4.705">ADOPTED A THREE-PRONG APPROACH>

< start="4062.757" dur="3.437">TO WHAT WE MUST DO AS A COUNTRY>

< start="4064.426" dur="3.937">TO GET THROUGH THE CRISIS AT>

< start="4066.061" dur="3.804">HAND.>

< start="4066.295" dur="5.572">NUMBER ONE, WE HAVE TO ADDRESS>

< start="4068.463" dur="5.306">THE IMMEDIATE HEALTH EPIDEMIC.>

< start="4069.965" dur="5.072">WHAT WE ARE DOING TO, AS THE>

< start="4071.967" dur="5.038">EXPERTS SAY, FLATTEN THE CURVE>

< start="4073.869" dur="4.638">TO STOP THE SPREAD, TO PROVIDE>

< start="4075.137" dur="4.905">THE RESOURCES, THE TESTS, THE>

< start="4077.105" dur="5.272">PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT THAT WE>

< start="4078.607" dur="5.506">NEED TO OUR STATES TO MAKE SURE>

< start="4080.142" dur="6.473">THAT THEY CAN FIGHT THIS>

< start="4082.477" dur="5.773">INVISIBLE VIRUS.>

< start="4084.213" dur="6.072">WHAT WE CAN BE DOING TO GIVE>

< start="4086.715" dur="4.738">THEM THE TOOLS, THE SKILLS THEY>

< start="4088.35" dur="5.339">NEED FOR THE HEROIC EFFORTS OF>

< start="4090.385" dur="5.172">OUR FRONTLINE HEALTH CARE>

< start="4091.553" dur="5.072">PROVIDERS, THE DOCTORS, THE>

< start="4093.789" dur="3.603">NURSES, THE CLERICAL STAFF, THE>

< start="4095.657" dur="3.27">JANITORS, THE CLASSIFIED>

< start="4096.725" dur="3.47">WORKERS, ALL OF THE PEOPLE WHO>

< start="4097.492" dur="4.105">HAVE BEEN SO HEROIC TO PROVIDE>

< start="4099.028" dur="4.17">HEALTH CARE TO OUR PEOPLE.>

< start="4100.295" dur="4.438">THAT'S PHASE ONE, MAKING SURE>

< start="4101.697" dur="4.838">THAT WE STOP THIS EPIDEMIC AND>

< start="4103.298" dur="5.172">ADDRESS THE NEEDS OF THE>

< start="4104.833" dur="5.039">AMERICAN PEOPLE.>

< start="4106.635" dur="4.938">PRONG TWO OF THIS THREE-PRONG>

< start="4108.57" dur="4.405">APPROACH IS ABOUT MAKING SURE>

< start="4109.972" dur="4.371">THAT WE PROVIDE INDIVIDUALS WITH>

< start="4111.673" dur="4.538">IMMEDIATE ASSISTANCE, PEOPLE WHO>

< start="4113.075" dur="4.671">ARE TERRIFIED ABOUT WHAT HAPPENS>

< start="4114.443" dur="5.205">TO THEIR JOB, HOW THEY'RE GOING>

< start="4116.311" dur="4.972">TO MAKE ENDS MEET, WHAT THEY'RE>

< start="4117.846" dur="4.772">GOING TO DO TO PUT FOOD ON THE>

< start="4119.748" dur="4.138">TABLE, HOW THEY ARE GOING TO PAY>

< start="4121.383" dur="5.405">THEIR RENT, HOW THEY ARE GOING>

< start="4122.718" dur="5.138">TO PAY THEIR MORTGAGE, WILL THEY>

< start="4123.986" dur="4.237">HAVE A RESTAURANT TO GO BACK TO?>

< start="4126.888" dur="2.403">THAT'S PRONG TWO OF THIS>

< start="4127.956" dur="2.636">APPROACH.>

< start="4128.323" dur="3.771">PRONG THREE OF COURSE IS TO GET>

< start="4129.391" dur="4.671">OUR BUSINESSES UP AND RUNNING>

< start="4130.692" dur="4.905">AGAIN TO MAKE SURE THAT WHEN>

< start="4132.194" dur="5.138">THIS HEALTH EPIDEMIC IS OVER,>

< start="4134.162" dur="5.573">THIS HEALTH EMERGENCY IS OVER,>

< start="4135.697" dur="4.305">WE CAN MAKE SURE WE HAVE AN>

< start="4137.432" dur="4.071">ECONOMY THAT SNAPS BACK AND RUNS>

< start="4139.835" dur="3.036">STRONG.>

< start="4140.102" dur="3.904">AND WE WILL DO THAT BECAUSE WE>

< start="4141.603" dur="4.305">AS A COUNTRY WILL RISE TOGETHER.>

< start="4142.971" dur="4.672">WE WILL DO IT UNITED.>

< start="4144.106" dur="5.872">WE WILL DO IT BECAUSE WE IN THIS>

< start="4146.008" dur="5.472">COUNTRY KNOW HOW TO OVERCOME>

< start="4147.743" dur="5.672">GREAT CHALLENGES.>

< start="4150.078" dur="4.638">AND WE'RE TAKING THESE MEASURES>

< start="4151.58" dur="4.905">TO QUARANTINE AND SELF-ISOLATE>

< start="4153.515" dur="4.405">NOT BECAUSE WE ARE FEARFUL OF>

< start="4154.816" dur="4.305">THE VIRUS, NOT BECAUSE WE'RE>

< start="4156.585" dur="3.604">AFRAID OF WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF WE>

< start="4158.02" dur="3.37">DON'T, BUT WE'RE DOING IT OUT OF>

< start="4159.221" dur="4.137">LOVE FOR EACH OTHER.>

< start="4160.289" dur="4.905">WE'RE DOING IT OUT OF LOVE FOR>

< start="4161.49" dur="4.571">OUR NEIGHBORS AND OUR COMMUNITY>

< start="4163.458" dur="4.105">AND OUR PARENTS AND OUR>

< start="4165.294" dur="3.47">GRANDPARENTS AND OUR CHILDREN.>

< start="4166.161" dur="3.637">WE TAKE THE GUIDANCES OF THE>

< start="4167.663" dur="4.104">HEALTH EXPERTS AND THE PUBLIC>

< start="4168.864" dur="5.339">POLICY EXPERTS SERIOUSLY BECAUSE>

< start="4169.898" dur="7.174">WE WANT TO SHARE THAT LOVE WITH>

< start="4171.867" dur="6.373">PEOPLE TO STOP THE SPREAD SO>

< start="4174.303" dur="4.404">THAT WE CAN AVOID THE SURGE THAT>

< start="4177.172" dur="2.703">CAN OVERWHELM OUR HEALTH CARE>

< start="4178.34" dur="3.67">SYSTEMS.>

< start="4178.807" dur="4.171">BECAUSE WE KNOW UNDER THE>

< start="4179.975" dur="4.972">BEST-CASE SCENARIOS, BEST-CASE>

< start="4182.11" dur="4.905">SCENARIOS, WE'RE LOOKING AT A>

< start="4183.078" dur="6.206">SITUATION THAT COULD UTILIZE 95%>

< start="4185.047" dur="6.673">OF EVERY HOSPITAL BED IN THIS>

< start="4187.115" dur="6.373">COUNTRY.>

< start="4189.384" dur="6.607">FOR THE NEXT YEAR.>

< start="4191.82" dur="6.774">WE DO THIS OUT OF LOVE FOR EACH>

< start="4193.588" dur="6.874">OTHER AND FOR OUR COMMUNITY AND>

< start="4196.091" dur="6.974">TO PROTECT ONE ANOTHER.>

< start="4198.694" dur="7.34">IN COLORADO RIGHT NOW, WE HAVE>

< start="4200.562" dur="7.341">ROUGHLY A THOUSAND-PLUS>

< start="4203.165" dur="6.306">CONFIRMED COVID-19 PATIENTS.>

< start="4206.134" dur="5.372">WE HAVE LOST 12, PERHAPS MORE BY>

< start="4208.003" dur="5.973">THE TIME I'M GIVING THIS SPEECH>

< start="4209.571" dur="5.439">TODAY IN COLORADO.>

< start="4211.606" dur="4.839">THESE LIVES, THOSE WHO HAVE>

< start="4214.076" dur="2.602">TESTED POSITIVE, THEIR LOVED>

< start="4215.11" dur="2.402">ONES ARE ALL IN MY PRAYERS>

< start="4216.545" dur="4.504">TODAY.>

< start="4216.779" dur="4.637">THE GOVERNOR OF COLORADO>

< start="4217.612" dur="5.206">OBVIOUSLY ISSUING THE EMERGENCY>

< start="4221.149" dur="2.77">DECLARATIONS.>

< start="4221.516" dur="3.704">I JUST SPOKE WITH THE GOVERNOR A>

< start="4222.918" dur="3.337">FEW MINUTES AGO TO TALK ABOUT>

< start="4224.019" dur="2.503">HOW WE CAN CONTINUE TO PROVIDE>

< start="4225.32" dur="2.969">THE RESOURCES THAT COLORADO>

< start="4226.355" dur="3.937">NEEDS.>

< start="4226.622" dur="7.04">OVER TWO MILLION PEOPLE ACROSS>

< start="4228.389" dur="6.574">THE DENVER METRO AREA ARE NOW IN>

< start="4230.392" dur="6.106">SOME KIND OF A SHELTER-IN-PLACE>

< start="4233.762" dur="5.606">ORDER, ORDERED TO STAY AT HOME.>

< start="4235.063" dur="6.44">OUR NATION IS UNEASY.>

< start="4236.598" dur="7.407">OUR FUTURE IS UNCERTAIN.>

< start="4239.468" dur="7.674">AND THE LEVEL OF ANXIETY THAT>

< start="4241.603" dur="8.208">OUR COUNTRY FACES IS THE HIGHEST>

< start="4244.105" dur="7.175">I HAVE EVER SEEN IT.>

< start="4247.242" dur="5.539">BUT WE DON'T NEED TO HAVE>

< start="4249.911" dur="4.405">UNEASINESS ABOUT OUR FUTURE>

< start="4251.38" dur="5.105">BECAUSE WE WILL RISE TOGETHER.>

< start="4252.881" dur="6.039">WE WILL COME TOGETHER AS A>

< start="4254.416" dur="6.94">NATION TO OVERCOME THIS.>

< start="4256.585" dur="7.274">WE KNOW THAT OUR FUTURE -- THE>

< start="4259.02" dur="8.042">FUTURE OF THIS NATION WILL BE>

< start="4261.456" dur="7.107">PROSPEROUS AGAIN, THAT OUR>

< start="4263.959" dur="7.474">ECONOMY WILL BE THRIVING AGAIN,>

< start="4267.162" dur="7.007">THAT OUR COMMUNITIES WILL BE>

< start="4268.663" dur="6.774">ABLE TO CELEBRATE WHAT WE HAVE>

< start="4271.533" dur="4.838">OVERCOME BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT WE>

< start="4274.269" dur="3.604">DO IN THIS GREAT NATION.>

< start="4275.537" dur="6.039">WE RISE.>

< start="4276.471" dur="6.874">WE RISE TOGETHER.>

< start="4277.973" dur="6.873">WE STAND TOGETHER.>

< start="4281.676" dur="5.139">COLORADANS HAVE STEPPED UP IN>

< start="4283.445" dur="4.171">EVERY WAY POSSIBLE.>

< start="4284.946" dur="4.372">IN A UNIQUELY COLORADO WAY, YOU>

< start="4286.915" dur="3.17">HAVE HEMP BUSINESSES THAT ARE>

< start="4287.716" dur="4.737">NOW PRODUCING COTTON SWABS FOR>

< start="4289.418" dur="4.537">MEDICAL NEEDS.>

< start="4290.185" dur="4.805">YOU HAVE WHISKEY DISTILLERIES>

< start="4292.554" dur="3.604">THAT ARE PRODUCING HAND>

< start="4294.055" dur="4.171">SANITIZERS FOR HOSPITALS, FOR>

< start="4295.09" dur="4.771">HOME HEALTH CARE.>

< start="4296.258" dur="6.339">WE HAVE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT>

< start="4298.326" dur="6.674">THAT'S BEING DONATED BY THE>

< start="4299.961" dur="6.107">DENVER BRONCOS AND BY MARIJUANA>

< start="4302.697" dur="5.272">INDUSTRY AND BY SO MANY OTHER>

< start="4305.1" dur="6.473">BUSINESSES ACROSS THE STATE OF>

< start="4306.168" dur="7.274">COLORADO WHO ARE STEPPING UP IN>

< start="4308.069" dur="5.707">WAYS THAT MAKE ALL OF US PROUD.>

< start="4311.673" dur="3.303">THEY'RE CHECKING ON THEIR>

< start="4313.542" dur="2.002">NEIGHBORS.>

< start="4313.876" dur="4.103">THEY'RE CHECKING ON THEIR>

< start="4315.076" dur="4.872">FRIENDS.>

< start="4315.644" dur="7.541">THEY'RE MAKING SURE THAT ELDERLY>

< start="4318.079" dur="7.408">PEOPLE IN THEIR CHURCH THAT THEY>

< start="4320.048" dur="10.611">HAVE MET ARE OKAY, MAKING SURE>

< start="4323.285" dur="8.675">THAT WE CHECK IN WITH OUR LOVED>

< start="4325.587" dur="7.541">ONES AND THOSE AROUND US.>

< start="4330.759" dur="3.67">WE HAVE BEEN ABLE TO GET>

< start="4332.06" dur="3.704">SUCCESSFUL TESTS UPPED AND>

< start="4333.228" dur="3.637">RUNNING IN DIFFERENT PLACES>

< start="4334.529" dur="3.737">ACROSS COLORADO, HELPING>

< start="4335.864" dur="4.838">DIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS AND>

< start="4336.965" dur="4.538">DIFFERENT HEALTH CARE FACILITIES>

< start="4338.366" dur="5.639">FIND NEW WAYS TO PROCESS THIS>

< start="4340.802" dur="4.505">OVERWHELMING BURDEN.>

< start="4341.603" dur="5.339">AND AS THIS PLACE HAS PASSED>

< start="4344.105" dur="4.372">PHASE ONE THAT GAVE MILLIONS OF>

< start="4345.407" dur="5.572">DOLLARS TO THE STATE OF COLORADO>

< start="4347.042" dur="4.671">AND SO MANY STATES AROUND THE>

< start="4348.577" dur="4.604">COUNTRY, AS WE PASSED PHASE TWO>

< start="4351.079" dur="4.671">WHICH PREPARES ADDITIONAL>

< start="4351.813" dur="5.472">TESTING AND NUTRITION PROGRAMS>

< start="4353.281" dur="7.675">AND OTHER WAYS TO MEET THIS>

< start="4355.85" dur="6.474">CHALLENGE, WE NOW TURN TO PHASE>

< start="4357.385" dur="7.975">THREE.>

< start="4361.056" dur="6.54">PHASE THREE ADDRESSES ALL THREE>

< start="4362.424" dur="7.274">PRONGS OF MY APPROACH.>

< start="4365.46" dur="5.94">IT ADDRESSES HEALTH EMERGENCY,>

< start="4367.696" dur="6.206">ASSISTANCE TO INDIVIDUALS, AND>

< start="4369.798" dur="5.705">ADDRESSES THE ABILITY FOR OUR>

< start="4371.5" dur="5.272">ECONOMY TO SNAP BACK WHAT WE>

< start="4374.002" dur="5.839">ADDRESS THIS HEALTH EMERGENCY.>

< start="4375.603" dur="5.907">IT SHEEDZ TO PASS NOW.>

< start="4376.872" dur="7.474">IT SHOULD HAVE PASSED DAYS AGO.>

< start="4379.941" dur="6.64">I DON'T THINK THE AMERICAN>

< start="4381.61" dur="8.608">PEOPLE GIVE A HOOT IF IT WAS A>

< start="4384.446" dur="9.443">REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT IDEA.>

< start="4386.681" dur="9.21">I CAN TELL YOU WITH MY TELETOWN>

< start="4390.318" dur="8.609">HALLS, NO ONE SAID, WE HOPE THE>

< start="4393.989" dur="5.205">REPUBLICAN-ONLY VERSION PASSES>

< start="4395.991" dur="4.338">OR THE DEMOCRAT VERSION-ONLY>

< start="4399.027" dur="2.703">PASSES.>

< start="4399.294" dur="3.37">THAT'S NOT WHAT THEY ARE SAYING.>

< start="4400.429" dur="2.902">THEY ARE SAYING DO YOUR JOB>

< start="4401.83" dur="3.337">BECAUSE WE'RE SCARED ABOUT WHAT>

< start="4402.764" dur="3.937">HAPPENS NEXT.>

< start="4403.431" dur="4.538">PASS THE RELIEF THAT WE NEED TO>

< start="4405.267" dur="4.471">GET THEM BACK ON THEIR FEET TO>

< start="4406.801" dur="4.705">MAKE SURE WE KNOW THEY'LL BE>

< start="4408.07" dur="6.172">ABLE TO HAVE FOOD ON THE TABLE>

< start="4409.838" dur="7.808">TO PAY RENT.>

< start="4411.606" dur="8.843">I CAN'T IMAGINE WHAT SOMEBODY>

< start="4414.342" dur="8.909">WHO BUILT FOR 50 YEARS AS A>

< start="4417.746" dur="7.874">SMALL BUSINESS BE GOING THROUGH>

< start="4420.549" dur="6.84">EVERY HOUR WE DELAY WONDERING IF>

< start="4423.351" dur="5.005">THAT 50-YEAR DREAM IS GOING TO>

< start="4425.72" dur="4.538">STAND AND SURVIVE.>

< start="4427.489" dur="4.805">SHAME ON THE PEOPLE AROUND HERE>

< start="4428.456" dur="6.807">WHO SAID, YOU KNOW WHAT, LET'S>

< start="4430.358" dur="7.441">HAVE ONE MORE DAY OF DELAY, ONE>

< start="4432.394" dur="6.873">MORE HOUR OF DELAY.>

< start="4435.363" dur="5.339">BECAUSE A REPUBLICAN COULD GET>

< start="4437.899" dur="5.539">THEIR WAY OR A DEMOCRAT COULD>

< start="4439.367" dur="5.84">GET THEIR WAY.>

< start="4440.802" dur="6.173">WHEN I WAS AT HOME NOT ONCE DID>

< start="4443.538" dur="7.508">I HEAR ANYBODY SAY, COULD YOU>

< start="4445.307" dur="8.141">STALL A LITTLE BIT MORE FOR>

< start="4447.075" dur="7.741">PARTISAN PURPOSES?>

< start="4451.146" dur="5.372">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE RISING>

< start="4453.548" dur="5.172">ABOVE THE FRAY.>

< start="4454.916" dur="4.838">THEY ARE MEETING THIS CHALLENGE>

< start="4456.618" dur="5.406">IN THE SPIRIT THAT I HEAR IN>

< start="4458.82" dur="4.738">EVERY CONVERSATION I HAVE.>

< start="4459.854" dur="5.473">THEY ARE DONATING BLOOD.>

< start="4462.124" dur="4.604">THEY ARE SHARING THAT LOVE THAT>

< start="4463.658" dur="4.738">I TALKED ABOUT WITH THEIR>

< start="4465.427" dur="4.604">NEIGHBORS, THEIR COMMUNITIES.>

< start="4466.829" dur="5.938">THEY ARE FIGURING OUT NEW WAYS>

< start="4468.496" dur="5.873">TO BE TOGETHER EVEN WHEN WE'RE>

< start="4470.131" dur="5.406">SUPPOSED TO STAND APART.>

< start="4472.867" dur="4.438">THAT'S WHAT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE>

< start="4474.469" dur="5.739">ARE DOING.>

< start="4475.637" dur="5.472">AND WE'RE BICKERING ABOUT PHASE>

< start="4477.405" dur="5.306">THREE AND WE'LL HAVE PHASE FOUR>

< start="4480.308" dur="4.872">AND PHASE FIVE.>

< start="4481.209" dur="5.139">YOU KNOW WHAT WE'VE DONE INSTEAD>

< start="4482.811" dur="5.138">OF PATTING OURSELVES ON THE>

< start="4485.28" dur="4.071">BACK, YOU KNOW WHAT WE'VE DONE?>

< start="4486.448" dur="5.238">WE MANAGED TO GET BACK, I HOPE,>

< start="4488.049" dur="5.372">TO THE STARTING LINE.>

< start="4489.451" dur="6.206">WE DIDN'T RUN THROUGH THE TAPE.>

< start="4491.786" dur="5.339">WE HAVEN'T FINISHED THE JOB.>

< start="4493.521" dur="5.606">WE'VE MADE IT, I HOPE, TO A>

< start="4495.757" dur="7.04">PLACE WHERE WE CAN NOW KNOW>

< start="4497.225" dur="8.142">WE'RE BACK AT THE LINE AND WE>

< start="4499.227" dur="7.574">CAN RUN TOGETHER TO FIX WHAT>

< start="4502.897" dur="4.171">WILL BE TREMENDOUS NEEDS AND TO>

< start="4505.467" dur="3.57">ADDRESS TREMENDOUS NEEDS OF THIS>

< start="4506.901" dur="5.473">COUNTRY.>

< start="4507.168" dur="5.506">TO ANSWER THE ANXIETY THAT EVERY>

< start="4509.137" dur="5.973">SINGLE ONE OF OUR CONSTITUENTS>

< start="4512.474" dur="3.57">HAS.>

< start="4512.774" dur="6.173">THAT'S WHAT CONGRESS SHOULD DO.>

< start="4515.21" dur="6.907">THAT'S WHAT THAT CONGRESS MUST>

< start="4516.144" dur="7.04">DO, AND I AM GLAD AND I'LL BE>

< start="4519.047" dur="5.772">PROUD TO VOTE FOR THIS BILL>

< start="4522.217" dur="4.171">TODAY BECAUSE WE HAVE TO GET>

< start="4523.284" dur="6.14">THIS JOB DONE AND THERE'S MORE>

< start="4524.919" dur="5.806">WORK TO DO.>

< start="4526.488" dur="5.472">WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE>

< start="4529.524" dur="5.839">UNDERSTAND THE RECOVERY BENEFITS>

< start="4530.825" dur="8.843">THAT THEY ARE GOING TO BE>

< start="4532.06" dur="10.177">RECEIVING WILL HELP ANSWER THAT>

< start="4535.463" dur="8.209">ANXIETY TO HOPEFULLY GIVE THEM>

< start="4539.768" dur="5.205">HOPE THAT THE NEW CATEGORIES OF>

< start="4542.337" dur="4.438">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE THAT HAVE>

< start="4543.772" dur="4.638">BEEN CEDE UNDER THIS WILL ALSO>

< start="4545.073" dur="4.538">GIVE THEM THE ABILITY TO KNOW IT>

< start="4546.875" dur="4.538">IS GOING TO BE OKAY, TO KNOW>

< start="4548.51" dur="4.271">THAT THE SMALL BUSINESS LOANS>

< start="4549.711" dur="3.637">THAT ARE BEING MADE AVAILABLE>

< start="4551.513" dur="4.504">WILL HELP THAT RESTAURANT STAY>

< start="4552.881" dur="4.337">IN BUSINESS.>

< start="4553.448" dur="5.472">I TALKED TO EVE IN AURORA, AND>

< start="4556.117" dur="4.605">SHE DIDN'T KNOW HOW SHE WAS>

< start="4557.318" dur="5.74">GOING TO SURVIVE.>

< start="4559.02" dur="5.739">SHE CONVERTED HER WHOLE BUSINESS>

< start="4560.822" dur="9.343">TO TAKEOUT, BUT SHE DIDN'T KNOW>

< start="4563.158" dur="7.908">HOW SUCCESSFUL THAT WOULD BE.>

< start="4564.859" dur="7.775">TO ROBERTA IN PLEBO WHO HAD THE>

< start="4570.265" dur="4.17">SAME QUESTIONS.>

< start="4571.166" dur="4.171">THIS WILL HELP PEOPLE TO BRING>

< start="4572.734" dur="3.971">PEOPLE BACK ON PAYROLL THAT THEY>

< start="4574.535" dur="4.939">LET GO BECAUSE THEY DIDN'T KNOW>

< start="4575.437" dur="6.94">HOW TO MAKE ENDS MEET.>

< start="4576.805" dur="8.875">TO PAY THEIR UTILITIES, TO PAY>

< start="4579.574" dur="7.908">THEIR RENT, TO HAVE THEIR>

< start="4582.477" dur="5.672">MORTGAGES AND HAVE THAT LOAN>

< start="4585.78" dur="3.57">GIVEN AND MAKE THE ECONOMY>

< start="4587.582" dur="2.302">VIBRANT AGAIN.>

< start="4588.249" dur="4.038">BECAUSE THAT'S WHAT WE DO IN>

< start="4589.45" dur="3.237">THIS COUNTRY.>

< start="4589.984" dur="5.039">WE DON'T LOOK BACK, WE LOOK>

< start="4592.387" dur="4.805">FORWARD.>

< start="4592.787" dur="6.407">AND IN COLORADO WE LOOK UP TO>

< start="4595.123" dur="6.84">THE GREAT MOUNTAIN HORIZON.>

< start="4597.292" dur="7.04">WE DON'T LOOK DOWN, WE LOOK UP>

< start="4599.294" dur="5.372">TO SEE THE NEXT HORIZON AND WE>

< start="4602.063" dur="4.204">STRIVE FOR THE OPTIMISTIC NEXT>

< start="4604.432" dur="5.472">DAY.>

< start="4604.766" dur="5.371">THAT'S WHAT WE DO IN COLORADO.>

< start="4606.367" dur="6.641">AND I KNOW THIS COUNTRY DOES THE>

< start="4610.004" dur="6.54">SAME.>

< start="4610.238" dur="10.911">YOU KNOW, I TALKED TO A>

< start="4613.108" dur="8.875">70-YEAR-OLD COLORADAN IN WELD>

< start="4616.644" dur="7.375">COUNTY, COLORADO WHO ON A>

< start="4621.249" dur="5.406">TELETOWN HALL.>

< start="4622.083" dur="6.273">YOU COULD HEAR IT IN HER VOICE,>

< start="4624.119" dur="6.773">SHE DIDN'T KNOW WHAT TO DO>

< start="4626.755" dur="7.04">BECAUSE SHE WAS OLD -- OLDER>

< start="4628.456" dur="7.374">THAN THE EXPERTS SAY SHOULD BE>

< start="4630.992" dur="7.841">OUT AND NOT FOLLOWING GUIDANCES.>

< start="4633.895" dur="5.672">BUT SHE SAID, I CAN'T FIND>

< start="4635.93" dur="4.905">THE -- THE DISINFECTANTS AND>

< start="4638.933" dur="3.471">CLEANERS THAT I NEED.>

< start="4639.667" dur="3.037">HOW DO I FIND THAT?>

< start="4640.935" dur="4.939">SO WE WERE ABLE TO FIND HER>

< start="4642.504" dur="4.871">LEAF.>

< start="4642.804" dur="5.672">AND THE GROCERY STORES STEPPED>

< start="4645.974" dur="4.071">UP AND PROVIDED SPECIAL HOURS>

< start="4647.475" dur="5.573">FOR PEOPLE.>

< start="4648.576" dur="4.672">AND THEY ARE DELIVERING TO>

< start="4650.145" dur="4.671">PEOPLE LIKE THE WOMAN I SPOKE>

< start="4653.148" dur="4.471">TO.>

< start="4653.348" dur="7.307">THEY ARE PROVIDING INFORMATION>

< start="4654.916" dur="8.275">TO THEIR COMMUNITIES AND THEY'VE>

< start="4657.719" dur="7.674">GOT CLERKS, THEY'VE GOT>

< start="4660.755" dur="6.173">CASHIERS, THEY'VE GOT PEOPLE>

< start="4663.291" dur="3.87">STOCKING THE SHELVES ON THE>

< start="4665.493" dur="4.371">FRONT LINE XEEPG OUR COMMUNITIES>

< start="4667.028" dur="3.303">SAFE.>

< start="4667.262" dur="5.205">TO ALL OF THEM -- KEEPING OUR>

< start="4669.964" dur="4.071">COMMUNITIES SAFE.>

< start="4670.431" dur="4.472">TO ALL OF THEM, THANK YOU FOR>

< start="4672.567" dur="3.904">THE WORK THEY'VE BEEN DOING EACH>

< start="4674.135" dur="4.038">AND EVERY DAY.>

< start="4675.003" dur="3.97">IT'S IMPORTANT TO RECOGNIZE IN>

< start="4676.571" dur="4.271">THIS COUNTRY THAT WE'VE SEEN>

< start="4678.273" dur="4.504">GREAT CHALLENGES.>

< start="4679.073" dur="5.74">I REMEMBER MY GRANDMOTHER WHO>

< start="4680.942" dur="4.671">PASSED AWAY THIS YEAR TALKING>

< start="4682.877" dur="4.705">ABOUT HER EXPERIENCES IN THE>

< start="4684.913" dur="3.47">GREAT DEPRESSION.>

< start="4685.713" dur="4.138">THIS COUNTRY'S BEEN THROUGH THE>

< start="4687.682" dur="2.636">GREAT DEPRESSION.>

< start="4688.483" dur="3.57">WE'VE BEEN THROUGH THE GREAT>

< start="4689.951" dur="4.938">RECESSION.>

< start="4690.418" dur="7.174">WE WILL MAKE IT THROUGH THE>

< start="4692.153" dur="8.542">GREAT INFECTION.>

< start="4694.989" dur="7.074">THAT'S WHAT WE DO AS A COUNTRY.>

< start="4697.692" dur="6.206">THAT'S WHO WE ARE AS A PEOPLE.>

< start="4700.795" dur="6.774">THE SENATE WILL APPROVE THIS>

< start="4702.163" dur="10.277">BILL TODAY AND THE HOUSE MUST>

< start="4703.998" dur="10.678">APPROVE IT WITHOUT DELAY, NO>

< start="4707.669" dur="8.108">EXCUSES, NO DELAY, PASS THE>

< start="4712.54" dur="4.705">DOGGONE BILL NOW.>

< start="4714.776" dur="4.071">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE>

< start="4715.877" dur="3.203">EXPECTED THIS FOR A LONG TIME.>

< start="4717.345" dur="2.636">IT SHOULDN'T HAVE TAKEN THIS>

< start="4718.947" dur="2.135">LONG.>

< start="4719.181" dur="6.739">DO YOUR JOB.>

< start="4720.081" dur="8.709">DO OUR JOB.>

< start="4721.182" dur="7.942">GET THIS DONE.>

< start="4726.02" dur="7.408">WE WILL ACT OUT OF LOVE FOR OUR>

< start="4728.89" dur="7.14">COMMUNITIES.>

< start="4729.224" dur="9.242">WE WILL ACT OUT OF COMPASSION,>

< start="4733.528" dur="5.171">AND WE WILL RISE TO THE SPIRIT>

< start="4736.13" dur="4.171">THAT HAS MADE THIS COUNTRY>

< start="4738.566" dur="4.104">GREAT.>

< start="4738.8" dur="5.772">I'VE HEARD SO MANY OF MY>

< start="4740.401" dur="5.973">COLLEAGUES COME TOGETHER AND>

< start="4742.77" dur="5.906">TALK ABOUT WARTIME FOOTING OR>

< start="4744.672" dur="5.706">THEY TALKED ABOUT HOW WE>

< start="4746.474" dur="5.672">MOBILIZED IN A WAY THAT MAYBE>

< start="4748.776" dur="6.306">THE PEOPLE HAVE NEVER SEEN IN>

< start="4750.478" dur="8.842">THEIR LIFETIMES.>

< start="4752.246" dur="12.179">IT'S REMINDED ME, THOUGH, WHAT>

< start="4755.182" dur="11.012">THOMAS PAYNE WROTE IN THE CRISIS>

< start="4759.42" dur="9.21">DURING OUR REVOLUTION, WHICH>

< start="4764.525" dur="7.408">ACTUALLY GEORGE WASHINGTON READ>

< start="4766.294" dur="6.206">TO HIS TROOPS.>

< start="4768.73" dur="9.142">AND HERE IS WHAT THOMAS PAYNE>

< start="4772.033" dur="7.508">SAID.>

< start="4772.6" dur="10.945">I CALL NOT UPON A FEW BUT UPON>

< start="4777.972" dur="6.34">ALL NOT ON THIS STATE OR THAT>

< start="4779.641" dur="7.174">STATE BUT ON EVERY STATE UP AND>

< start="4783.645" dur="5.405">HELP US.>

< start="4784.412" dur="7.007">LAY YOUR SHOULDERS TO THE WHEEL>

< start="4786.915" dur="8.241">BETTER HERE TO -- TO HAVE TOO>

< start="4789.183" dur="8.409">MUCH FORCE THAN TOO LITTLE WHEN>

< start="4791.519" dur="9.843">SO GREAT AN OBJECT IS AT STAKE.>

< start="4795.256" dur="10.744">LET IT BE TOLD TO THE FUTURE>

< start="4797.692" dur="12.412">WORLD THAT IN THE DEPTH OF>

< start="4801.462" dur="13.714">WINTER WHEN NOTHING BUT HOPE AND>

< start="4806.1" dur="13.114">VIRTUE COULD SURVIVE THAT THE>

< start="4810.204" dur="14.415">CITY AND COUNTRY ALARMED AT ONE>

< start="4815.276" dur="12.98">COMMON DANGER CAN FORTH TO MEET>

< start="4819.314" dur="16.683">AND REPULSE IT.>

< start="4824.719" dur="11.979">WE WERE TAUGHT IN SUNDAY SCHOOL>

< start="4828.356" dur="10.143">THAT OUR STRUGGLES LEAD TO>

< start="4836.097" dur="4.738">PERSEVERANCE.>

< start="4836.798" dur="8.008">THAT PERSEVERANCE LEADS TO>

< start="4838.599" dur="7.808">CHARACTER, AND THAT CHARACTER>

< start="4840.935" dur="6.307">GIVES US HOPE.>

< start="4844.906" dur="4.371">WE WILL GET THROUGH THIS,>

< start="4846.507" dur="5.206">AMERICA.>

< start="4847.342" dur="9.543">WE WILL START WITH THIS BILL.>

< start="4849.377" dur="7.775">WE'VE GOT A LOT MORE WORK TO DO,>

< start="4851.813" dur="7.107">BUT TO MY COLLEAGUES, DO OUR>

< start="4856.985" dur="3.703">JOBS.>

< start="4857.252" dur="5.438">GET IT DONE.>

< start="4859.02" dur="5.038">NO EXCUSES.>

< start="4860.788" dur="3.971">I YIELD THE FLOOR,>

< start="4862.79" dur="3.003">MR. PRESIDENT, AND NOTE THE>

< start="4864.158" dur="2.97">ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.>

< start="4864.859" dur="2.269">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE CLERK>

< start="4865.893" dur="1.235">WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="4867.762" dur="0.601">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="5241.602" dur="2.937">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="5441.535" dur="3.47">A SENATOR: MADAM PRESIDENT?>

< start="5442.136" dur="3.203">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="5442.736" dur="3.938">SENATOR FROM MARYLAND IS>

< start="5445.105" dur="3.537">RECOGNIZED.>

< start="5445.439" dur="3.47">A SENATOR: I WOULD ASK CONSENT>

< start="5446.774" dur="4.371">THE QUORUM CALL BE DISPENSED>

< start="5448.742" dur="2.703">WITH.>

< start="5449.009" dur="3.137">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="5451.245" dur="2.069">OBJECTION.>

< start="5451.545" dur="2.069">MR. CARDIN: MADAM PRESIDENT, THE>

< start="5452.246" dur="2.236">PEOPLE IN THIS NATION ARE>

< start="5453.414" dur="3.036">HURTING.>

< start="5453.714" dur="4.772">WE KNOW THAT.>

< start="5454.582" dur="5.305">THEY ARE VERY CONCERNED ABOUT>

< start="5456.583" dur="4.839">THEIR OWN HEALTH.>

< start="5458.586" dur="5.272">THEY'RE WORRIED THAT THEY MAY BE>

< start="5459.987" dur="7.107">CARRYING THE VIRUS AND THEY TAKE>

< start="5461.522" dur="6.139">IT HOME TO THEIR ELDERLY PARENT>

< start="5463.958" dur="6.106">WHO COULD BE -- COME DOWN WITH>

< start="5467.194" dur="7.541">THE VIRUS.>

< start="5467.761" dur="8.042">THEY ARE WORRIED ABOUT HOW LONG>

< start="5470.164" dur="7.341">THIS SOCIAL DISTANCING AND>

< start="5474.835" dur="3.871">COMMUNICATING FROM HOME AND>

< start="5475.903" dur="3.904">STAYING AT HOME IS GOING TO BE>

< start="5477.605" dur="3.57">REQUIRED IN ORDER TO CONTROL THE>

< start="5478.806" dur="3.437">SPREAD OF THE VIRUS.>

< start="5479.907" dur="4.237">THEY'RE WORRIED ABOUT THEIR>

< start="5481.275" dur="4.504">ECONOMIC CIRCUMSTANCES, WHETHER>

< start="5482.343" dur="5.972">THEY'RE GOING TO GET A PAYCHECK.>

< start="5484.244" dur="6.073">AND I AM PLEASED THAT TODAY WE>

< start="5485.879" dur="7.308">HAVE AN AGREEMENT WITH OUR>

< start="5488.415" dur="8.109">LEADERS TO MOVE FORWARD ON THE>

< start="5490.417" dur="8.309">THIRD STIMULUS PACKAGE TO DEAL>

< start="5493.287" dur="7.941">WITH THIS CRISIS OF COVID-19.>

< start="5496.624" dur="9.075">I FIRST WANT TO EXPRESS MY>

< start="5498.826" dur="7.941">APPRECIATION TO OUR LEADERSHIP.>

< start="5501.328" dur="6.74">I HAVE BEEN IN DAILY, ALMOST>

< start="5505.799" dur="4.438">HOURLY COMMUNICATION WITH>

< start="5506.867" dur="7.708">SENATOR SCHUMER, AND I KNOW HOW>

< start="5508.168" dur="8.909">HARD HE'S WORKED TO MAKE SURE>

< start="5510.337" dur="8.075">THAT PACKAGE REALLY REACHES THE>

< start="5514.675" dur="5.272">MEDICAL EMERGENCY THAT WE HAVE,>

< start="5517.177" dur="5.439">THAT DEALS WITH THE WORKERS TO>

< start="5518.512" dur="5.772">MAKE SURE THAT THEY ARE>

< start="5520.047" dur="6.24">PROTECTED AND THEY ARE PROTECTED>

< start="5522.716" dur="5.272">AND WHATEVER WE DO THAT PROVIDES>

< start="5524.384" dur="5.439">THE HELP FOR STATE AND LOCAL>

< start="5526.387" dur="5.105">GOVERNMENTS, THAT PROVIDES THE>

< start="5528.088" dur="5.339">MUCH NEEDED ATTENTION TO THESE>

< start="5529.923" dur="5.406">PARTICULAR ISSUES AND THAT WE>

< start="5531.592" dur="4.671">HAVE ACCOUNTABILITY ON ANY OF>

< start="5533.527" dur="4.571">THE MONEYS THAT ARE GOING>

< start="5535.429" dur="5.005">PARTICULARLY TO OUR LARGEST>

< start="5536.363" dur="4.538">COMPANIES IN THIS COUNTRY.>

< start="5538.198" dur="4.004">SO I WANT TO EXPRESS MY>

< start="5540.534" dur="4.304">APPRECIATION.>

< start="5541.001" dur="5.94">AND I AM VERY PLEASED THAT OUR>

< start="5542.302" dur="6.607">FIRST PRIORITY, OUR VERY FIRST>

< start="5544.938" dur="5.706">PRIORITY IS TO DEAL WITH THE>

< start="5547.041" dur="4.971">PUBLIC HEALTH CHALLENGE.>

< start="5549.009" dur="4.171">THIS IS INCLUDED IN WHAT'S>

< start="5550.744" dur="3.804">HAPPENING IN MY STATE OF>

< start="5552.112" dur="5.372">MARYLAND AND WHAT'S HAPPENING IN>

< start="5553.281" dur="5.805">EVERY STATE IN OUR NATION.>

< start="5554.648" dur="6.073">SO I AM PLEASED THAT IN OUR>

< start="5557.584" dur="4.171">STATE IT'S TEAM MARYLAND.>

< start="5559.186" dur="5.472">OUR CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION IS>

< start="5560.821" dur="5.372">WORKING VERY CLOSELY WITH>

< start="5561.855" dur="5.706">GOVERNOR HOGAN AND HIS CABINET,>

< start="5564.758" dur="4.572">AND WE'RE WORKING VERY CLOSELY>

< start="5566.293" dur="5.005">WITH OUR COUNTY EXECUTIVES AND>

< start="5567.661" dur="5.84">OUR MAYORS AND OUR PRIVATE>

< start="5569.43" dur="5.372">SECTOR TO DO EVERYTHING WE CAN>

< start="5571.398" dur="4.805">TO PROTECT THE PUBLIC HEALTH OF>

< start="5573.601" dur="3.77">THE PEOPLE OF OUR STATE.>

< start="5574.902" dur="4.104">WE'VE DONE WHAT WE CAN LOCALLY>

< start="5576.303" dur="4.438">TO MAKE SURE TESTING IS>

< start="5577.471" dur="5.139">AVAILABLE SO WE UNDERSTAND THE>

< start="5579.106" dur="5.005">DIMENSIONS OF THIS PROBLEM.>

< start="5580.841" dur="6.039">AND THE GOVERNOR HAS TAKEN>

< start="5582.71" dur="5.438">EXTRAORDINARY STEPS IN ORDER TO>

< start="5584.211" dur="7.407">INCREASE OUR MEDICAL CAPACITY IN>

< start="5586.98" dur="6.941">THE LIKELIHOOD THAT WE'RE GOING>

< start="5588.248" dur="7.375">TO SEE A SIGNIFICANT INCREASE>

< start="5591.718" dur="7.909">NUMBER OF THOSE PEOPLE THAT HAVE>

< start="5594.021" dur="7.04">THE CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="5595.723" dur="7.44">YES, WE NEED TO STAY AT HOME>

< start="5599.727" dur="8.141">UNLESS IT IS AN URGENT REASON>

< start="5601.161" dur="8.175">FOR US TO BE OUTSIDE OF HOME.>

< start="5603.263" dur="7.641">AND I'M FREQUENTLY ASKED BY MY>

< start="5607.968" dur="3.637">FRIENDS WHY DON'T WE DO AS MUCH>

< start="5609.436" dur="3.704">AS WE CAN IN THE UNITED STATES>

< start="5611.004" dur="2.436">SENATE REMOTELY?>

< start="5611.705" dur="4.805">I THINK WE SHOULD, INCLUDING>

< start="5613.24" dur="5.072">VOTING.>

< start="5613.54" dur="7.208">SO WE NEED TO DISTANCE OURSELVES>

< start="5616.61" dur="5.639">AND MINIMIZE SOCIAL CONTACT IN>

< start="5618.412" dur="6.206">ORDER TO PREVENT THE SPIKE OF>

< start="5620.848" dur="4.003">THIS DISEASE WHICH WOULD TEST>

< start="5622.349" dur="5.272">OUR MEDICAL CAPACITY TO HANDLE>

< start="5624.718" dur="3.737">IT.>

< start="5624.952" dur="5.372">SO I WAS PLEASED THAT THE THIRD>

< start="5627.721" dur="4.371">SUPPLEMENTAL, THE AGREEMENT>

< start="5628.555" dur="6.073">THAT'S BEEN REACHED THAT WE WILL>

< start="5630.424" dur="5.939">VOTE ON HOPEFULLY TODAY, THAT IT>

< start="5632.192" dur="6.841">DOES HAVE A SURGE IN OUR MEDICAL>

< start="5634.728" dur="6.006">CAPACITY, A MARSHALL PLAN TO>

< start="5636.463" dur="4.571">DEAL WITH OUR HEALTH CARE NEEDS.>

< start="5639.133" dur="4.104">I COULD GO THROUGH A LOT OF THE>

< start="5640.834" dur="5.105">SPECIFICS.>

< start="5641.134" dur="5.94">I THINK SOME HAVE ALREADY GONE>

< start="5643.337" dur="4.971">THROUGH BUT I PARTICULARLY>

< start="5646.04" dur="3.803">APPRECIATE THE FACT WE HAVE A>

< start="5647.174" dur="4.872">HUNDRED BILLION DOLLARS FOR OUR>

< start="5648.408" dur="4.372">HOSPITALS AND HEALTH CARE>

< start="5649.943" dur="5.773">FACILITIES, INCLUDING CLINICS IN>

< start="5652.146" dur="5.138">THIS BILL.>

< start="5652.88" dur="5.939">I AM PLEASED THAT THERE IS A 20%>

< start="5655.816" dur="4.671">INCREASE IN HOSPITAL>

< start="5657.384" dur="5.039">REIMBURSEMENT RATES, AND I WANT>

< start="5658.919" dur="5.239">TO THANK SENATOR GRASSLEY AND>

< start="5660.587" dur="5.106">SENATOR WYDEN FOR INCLUDING IN>

< start="5662.523" dur="5.472">THAT PROVISION A UNIQUE CLAUSE>

< start="5664.258" dur="4.538">FOR THE MARYLAND HOSPITALS SO>

< start="5665.793" dur="5.205">THAT THEY CAN BE QUALIFIED FOR>

< start="5668.095" dur="6.506">THIS.>

< start="5668.896" dur="6.907">MARYLAND HAS, AS I THINK SOME OF>

< start="5671.098" dur="5.872">YOU KNOW, AN ALL-PAYER RATE>

< start="5674.701" dur="4.005">STRUCTURE AND WE HAD TO MAKE>

< start="5675.903" dur="4.504">SURE THESE PROVISIONS WOULD>

< start="5677.07" dur="3.604">APPLY IN MARYLAND, AND I THANK>

< start="5678.806" dur="3.003">THEM FOR THEIR ATTENTION TO THAT>

< start="5680.507" dur="2.97">DETAIL.>

< start="5680.774" dur="4.338">THERE'S ALSO MONEY IN HERE FOR>

< start="5681.909" dur="3.904">OUR HOSPITALS TO BE READY FOR>

< start="5683.577" dur="5.572">PREPAREDNESS WHICH I THINK IS>

< start="5685.212" dur="5.171">EXTREMELY IMPORTANT.>

< start="5685.913" dur="7.24">AND THERE IS A SEPARATE LINE>

< start="5689.249" dur="4.772">APPROPRIATION FOR OUR COMMUNITY>

< start="5690.483" dur="4.305">HEALTH CENTERS AND OUR>

< start="5693.253" dur="3.037">FEDERALLY-QUALIFIED HEALTH>

< start="5694.121" dur="6.773">CLINICS.>

< start="5694.888" dur="7.541">THAT'S CRITICALLY IMPORTANT.>

< start="5696.39" dur="8.342">THEY ARE BEING STRESSED AS THE>

< start="5700.994" dur="6.34">NEEDS ARE INCREASING AND AS THE>

< start="5702.529" dur="5.573">COST OF TREATMENT IS INCREASING.>

< start="5704.832" dur="6.439">WE NEED TO REPLENISH THE>

< start="5707.434" dur="5.739">NATIONAL STOCKPILE.>

< start="5708.202" dur="7.274">WE KNOW THAT CONCERNS ON>

< start="5711.371" dur="6.207">PROTECTIVE GEAR, WE KNOW THAT.>

< start="5713.273" dur="6.106">WE KNOW THAT VENTILATORS AND>

< start="5715.576" dur="5.071">RESPIRATORS ARE IN SHORT SUPPLY.>

< start="5717.678" dur="5.205">WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE WE HAVE>

< start="5719.479" dur="4.505">ADEQUATE REPLACEMENT OF WHAT'S>

< start="5720.747" dur="5.206">BEEN TAKEN OUT OF OUR NATIONAL>

< start="5722.983" dur="5.038">STOCKPILE AND AVAILABLE NOW TO>

< start="5724.084" dur="5.606">DEAL WITH THE SURGE THAT IS>

< start="5726.053" dur="4.938">COMING UNDER ANY SCENARIO SO>

< start="5728.121" dur="4.271">THAT OUR HEALTH CARE WORKERS>

< start="5729.79" dur="4.905">HAVE THE PROTECTIVE GEAR THAT>

< start="5731.091" dur="5.673">THEY NEED AND OUR PATIENTS HAVE>

< start="5732.492" dur="6.941">THE MEDICAL FACILITIES AND THE>

< start="5734.795" dur="6.373">RESPIRATORS THAT THEY NEED.>

< start="5736.864" dur="5.839">WE ALSO HAVE PLUSSED UP THE WORK>

< start="5739.533" dur="4.304">BEING DONE TO DEAL WITH THE>

< start="5741.268" dur="4.104">DEVELOPMENT OF A VACCINE.>

< start="5742.803" dur="4.838">I'M PLEASED THAT N.I.H. IS>

< start="5743.937" dur="5.172">GETTING THE MONEYS THAT THEY>

< start="5745.472" dur="6.54">NEED IN ORDER TO DO THE WORK.>

< start="5747.741" dur="5.672">WE KNOW THAT WE'RE NOT GOING TO>

< start="5749.209" dur="5.773">HAVE A VACCINE IN TIME THIS>

< start="5752.112" dur="4.271">YEAR, BUT WE WANT TO MAKE SURE>

< start="5753.513" dur="4.772">WE GET IT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE>

< start="5755.082" dur="4.538">AND IT'S ON A FAST TRACK AND>

< start="5756.483" dur="4.738">THESE FUNDS WILL HELP US DEVELOP>

< start="5758.385" dur="3.937">THAT VACCINE FOR THE FUTURE>

< start="5759.72" dur="4.938">NEEDS OF CONTROLLING THIS TYPE>

< start="5761.321" dur="4.839">OF A VIRUS.>

< start="5762.422" dur="5.172">BUT IN THE MEANTIME, WE'RE ALSO>

< start="5764.758" dur="5.039">PUTTING RESOURCES INTO>

< start="5766.26" dur="3.804">THERAPEUTIC DRUGS, DRUGS THAT>

< start="5767.694" dur="4.171">CAN HELP PEOPLE THAT ARE SICK>

< start="5769.897" dur="2.936">TODAY.>

< start="5770.164" dur="4.237">THOSE DRUGS ARE NOT YET>

< start="5771.965" dur="4.138">AVAILABLE, BUT WE WANT TO MAKE>

< start="5772.933" dur="6.24">SURE WE DO EVERYTHING WE CAN TO>

< start="5774.501" dur="6.64">MAKE THEM AVAILABLE AS SOON AS>

< start="5776.203" dur="5.906">POSSIBLE.>

< start="5779.273" dur="4.471">FEMA HAS BEEN BUMPED UP>

< start="5781.241" dur="3.937">SUBSTANTIALLY IN THIS BILL FOR>

< start="5782.209" dur="3.37">GOOD REASON.>

< start="5783.844" dur="3.67">THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT>

< start="5785.278" dur="3.938">AGENCY.>

< start="5785.679" dur="4.838">AND THAT BRINGS ME TO THE POINT>

< start="5787.614" dur="4.071">THAT IS A MAJOR IMPROVEMENT>

< start="5789.316" dur="4.805">THAT'S BEEN BROUGHT IN THIS>

< start="5790.617" dur="5.806">LEGISLATION TO HELP OUR STATE>

< start="5791.785" dur="6.273">AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.>

< start="5794.221" dur="5.339">THEY'RE THE FRONT LINES OF>

< start="5796.523" dur="4.938">PROVIDING THESE PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="5798.158" dur="8.008">NEEDS AND WE NEED TO PROVIDE>

< start="5799.66" dur="7.34">THEM THE RESOURCES THEY NEED.>

< start="5801.561" dur="7.341">SO FEMA NEEDS TO BE PROPERLY>

< start="5806.266" dur="4.338">APPROPRIATED AND WE HAD THE>

< start="5807.1" dur="7.074">MONEY IN HERE TO HELP FEMA, BUT>

< start="5809.002" dur="7.575">WE ALSO NEED DIRECT HELP TO OUR>

< start="5810.704" dur="8.942">LOCAL GOVERNMENTS TO DEAL WITH>

< start="5814.274" dur="7.007">THIS PROBLEM AND WE SEE THAT OUR>

< start="5816.677" dur="5.639">STATE AND LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="5819.746" dur="4.472">OFFICERS ARE GETTING EXTRA>

< start="5821.381" dur="5.172">MONEY, FEDERAL REPORTING SO WE>

< start="5822.416" dur="5.605">KNOW EXACTLY WHAT THE STATUS IS>

< start="5824.318" dur="4.938">IN EACH OF OUR COMMUNITIES.>

< start="5826.653" dur="4.338">ALL THAT IS IMPORTANT FOR OUR>

< start="5828.121" dur="3.137">MARSHALL PLAN TO CONTROL THIS>

< start="5829.356" dur="3.203">DISEASE AND GET IT UNDER>

< start="5831.091" dur="2.903">CONTROL.>

< start="5831.358" dur="4.805">BUT I WANTED TO TAKE THIS TIME>

< start="5832.659" dur="3.804">TO TALK ABOUT A MATTER THAT I>

< start="5834.094" dur="5.238">WAS WORKING ON ON SMALL>

< start="5836.263" dur="4.237">BUSINESS.>

< start="5836.563" dur="4.638">AND I MENTION THAT RECOGNIZING>

< start="5839.432" dur="3.404">WE'VE GOT TO GET OUR ECONOMY>

< start="5840.6" dur="4.038">BACK ON TRACK.>

< start="5841.301" dur="6.34">THE BEST WAY TO GET OUR ECONOMY>

< start="5842.936" dur="7.508">BACK ON TRACK?>

< start="5844.738" dur="7.407">GET THIS VIRUS CONTROLLED.>

< start="5847.741" dur="5.939">GET PEOPLE ABLE TO GET OUT, TO>

< start="5850.544" dur="5.005">WORK, AND TO BUY AND PARTICIPATE>

< start="5852.245" dur="5.84">IN OUR ECONOMY.>

< start="5853.78" dur="6.207">THAT'S THE BEST THING WE CAN DO.>

< start="5855.649" dur="7.174">BUT THIS PACKAGE ALSO RECOGNIZES>

< start="5858.185" dur="6.74">THAT UNLESS WE HELP BUSINESSES>

< start="5860.087" dur="8.708">AND WORKERS TODAY, WE'RE NOT>

< start="5862.923" dur="6.239">GOING TO BE PREPARED FOR OUR>

< start="5865.025" dur="5.739">ECONOMY WHEN WE ARE ABLE TO>

< start="5868.895" dur="4.972">REBOUND.>

< start="5869.262" dur="6.474">MY ROLE AS THE SENIOR DEMOCRAT>

< start="5870.864" dur="6.24">ON THE SMALL BUSINESS COMMITTEE>

< start="5873.967" dur="6.006">WORKING WITH SENATOR RUBIO, THE>

< start="5875.836" dur="6.239">CHAIRMAN OF THAT COMMITTEE WAS>

< start="5877.204" dur="7.107">TO MAKE SURE WE HAD A ROBUST>

< start="5880.073" dur="6.04">PROVISION TO PRESERVE THE GROWTH>

< start="5882.175" dur="4.405">ENGINE AND INNOVATION ENGINE OF>

< start="5884.411" dur="3.57">OUR ECONOMY, AND THAT IS SMALL>

< start="5886.213" dur="2.903">BUSINESSES.>

< start="5886.68" dur="4.238">THERE'S MORE JOB GROWTH FOR>

< start="5888.081" dur="3.137">SMALL COMPANIES.>

< start="5889.216" dur="4.771">THERE'S MORE INNOVATION IN SMALL>

< start="5891.018" dur="4.037">COMPANIES.>

< start="5891.318" dur="5.205">WE NEED TO PRESERVE THE ABILITY>

< start="5894.087" dur="3.771">OF SMALL COMPANIES TO GET>

< start="5895.155" dur="4.705">THROUGH THIS TIME.>

< start="5896.623" dur="3.937">AND QUITE FRANKLY, THEY DON'T>

< start="5897.958" dur="5.138">HAVE THE SAME DEEP POCKETS THAT>

< start="5899.96" dur="4.504">LARGE COMPANIES HAVE.>

< start="5900.66" dur="4.538">THEY DON'T HAVE THE SAME>

< start="5903.196" dur="3.971">AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT THAT>

< start="5904.564" dur="3.204">LARGE COMPANIES HAVE.>

< start="5905.298" dur="2.97">THEY DON'T HAVE THE SAME BANKING>

< start="5907.267" dur="2.369">ARRANGEMENTS THAT LARGE>

< start="5907.868" dur="3.17">COMPANIES HAVE.>

< start="5908.368" dur="2.903">THEY DON'T HAVE THE SAME>

< start="5909.736" dur="4.638">FLEXIBILITY THAT LARGE COMPANIES>

< start="5911.138" dur="5.172">HAVE.>

< start="5911.372" dur="8.608">SO WE HAVE TO PROVIDE SPECIAL>

< start="5914.474" dur="7.608">ATTENTION TO SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="5916.41" dur="7.807">AND THIS PACKAGE DOES THAT IN A>

< start="5920.08" dur="4.705">VERY, VERY ROBUST WAY.>

< start="5922.182" dur="3.871">SO FIRST, I ALREADY MENTIONED>

< start="5924.317" dur="4.005">SENATOR RUBIO.>

< start="5924.885" dur="5.038">I THANK HIM FOR HIS LEADERSHIP.>

< start="5926.153" dur="5.906">THE TWO OF US WERE WORKING>

< start="5928.422" dur="5.605">TOGETHER WELL BEFORE THIS WEEK.>

< start="5930.023" dur="5.506">AND THAT'S WHY WE WERE PROBABLY>

< start="5932.159" dur="6.673">FURTHER ALONG ON HELPING SMALL>

< start="5934.127" dur="7.208">BUSINESSES THAN THE OTHER PARTS>

< start="5935.629" dur="8.542">OF THIS PACKAGE DEALING WITH THE>

< start="5938.932" dur="6.673">VARIOUS ECONOMIC AREAS.>

< start="5941.435" dur="6.139">SENATOR SHAHEEN WAS A VALUABLE>

< start="5944.271" dur="4.404">MEMBER OF OUR TEAM.>

< start="5945.705" dur="3.738">I'VE WORKED WITH SENATOR SHAHEEN>

< start="5947.674" dur="4.004">ON SMALL BUSINESS ISSUES FOR A>

< start="5948.775" dur="4.605">LONG TIME.>

< start="5949.543" dur="5.138">SHE WAS A KEY PLAYER IN PUTTING>

< start="5951.778" dur="3.837">TOGETHER THE PACKAGE THAT WE>

< start="5953.48" dur="3.303">HAVE TO PRESENT TO OUR>

< start="5954.781" dur="4.037">COLLEAGUES HERE IN THE UNITED>

< start="5955.715" dur="3.503">STATES SENATE.>

< start="5956.883" dur="4.371">I ALSO WANT TO ACKNOWLEDGE>

< start="5958.918" dur="5.673">SENATOR COLLINS.>

< start="5959.319" dur="6.774">IT WAS THE FOUR OF US THAT WERE>

< start="5961.354" dur="6.741">MEETING REGULARLY, COMMUNICATING>

< start="5964.691" dur="5.873">REGULARLY THAT RECOMMEND THIS>

< start="5966.193" dur="4.671">PACKAGE THAT YOU WILL SHORTLY BE>

< start="5968.195" dur="6.006">VOTING ON AS IT RELATES TO SMALL>

< start="5970.664" dur="4.905">BUSINESS.>

< start="5970.964" dur="7.374">SO I ALSO IF I COULD I'D LIKE TO>

< start="5974.301" dur="4.27">ACKNOWLEDGE MEMBERS OF MY OWN>

< start="5975.669" dur="5.205">STAFF THAT HAVE WORKED LITERALLY>

< start="5978.438" dur="6.006">24/7.>

< start="5978.672" dur="7.474">I'VE TALKED TO THEM AT VARIOUS>

< start="5980.974" dur="7.141">TIMES DURING THE NIGHT AND DAY>

< start="5984.544" dur="5.206">AND IT'S BEEN VERY STRESSFUL FOR>

< start="5986.246" dur="5.372">ALL OF US, BUT OUR STAFFS GET NO>

< start="5988.215" dur="5.672">REST WHATSOEVER.>

< start="5989.85" dur="5.906">SO TO SEAN MOORE AND THE ENTIRE>

< start="5991.718" dur="5.939">STAFF ON THE DEMOCRATIC SIDE OF>

< start="5993.987" dur="5.205">SMALL BUSINESS COMMITTEE, THANK>

< start="5995.856" dur="4.804">YOU ON BEHALF OF AMERICA'S SMALL>

< start="5997.757" dur="6.407">BUSINESSES AND WORKERS AND ON>

< start="5999.292" dur="6.34">BEHALF OF OUR COUNTRY.>

< start="6000.76" dur="6.607">AND TO RON STORHOFF WHO HAS BEEN>

< start="6004.264" dur="5.806">DOING A LOT OF THESE PROVISIONS>

< start="6005.732" dur="6.807">ON MY STAFF IN REGARDS TO THE>

< start="6007.467" dur="8.275">TAX ISSUES, IN REGARDS TO A LOT>

< start="6010.17" dur="9.576">OF THESE OTHER ISSUES, THANK HIM>

< start="6012.639" dur="8.842">FOR ALL OF HIS WORK AND TO>

< start="6015.842" dur="6.941">LAUREN JEA WHO HAS NOT ONLY>

< start="6019.846" dur="4.504">HELPED US PUT TOGETHER THE SMALL>

< start="6021.581" dur="4.371">BUSINESS PACKAGE BUT SHE'S BEEN>

< start="6022.883" dur="5.605">AVAILABLE TO HELP MARYLAND>

< start="6024.45" dur="4.305">HEALTH PROVIDERS AND PATIENTS TO>

< start="6026.052" dur="4.905">TRY TO GET THROUGH WHERE WE ARE>

< start="6028.588" dur="5.105">TODAY.>

< start="6028.855" dur="6.173">ALL THAT'S REFLECTED IN THE BILL>

< start="6031.057" dur="5.139">THAT WE WILL BE VOTING ON LATER.>

< start="6033.793" dur="4.238">AND I KNOW ON THE REPUBLICAN>

< start="6035.128" dur="4.872">SIDE THERE'S BEEN DEDICATED>

< start="6036.296" dur="6.039">STAFF WHO HAVE DONE EQUAL WORK>

< start="6038.131" dur="6.073">TO MAKE SURE THAT WE HAVE A BILL>

< start="6040.1" dur="5.305">THAT WE CAN PRESENT TODAY.>

< start="6042.435" dur="4.939">SO LET ME GO OVER, IF I MIGHT,>

< start="6044.304" dur="3.771">SOME OF THE PROVISIONS THAT WE>

< start="6045.505" dur="6.14">HAVE IN HERE FOR SMALL>

< start="6047.474" dur="6.139">BUSINESSES.>

< start="6048.175" dur="7.741">WE HAVE THREE NEW PROGRAMS,>

< start="6051.745" dur="6.173">THREE NEW PROGRAMS TO HELP SMALL>

< start="6053.713" dur="7.408">BUSINESSES IN OUR COMMUNITY.>

< start="6056.016" dur="6.773">THEY'LL HAVE DIFFERENT TITLES,>

< start="6058.018" dur="6.74">BUT EVERY ONE OF THEM PROVIDE>

< start="6061.221" dur="5.105">GRANT HELP TO SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="6062.889" dur="5.573">I'M GOING TO REPEAT THAT.>

< start="6064.858" dur="5.439">YOU MIGHT HEAR THIS IS A LOAN.>

< start="6066.426" dur="5.873">NO, THESE ARE GOING TO BE FUNDS>

< start="6068.562" dur="5.939">THAT GO TO SMALL BUSINESSES THAT>

< start="6070.397" dur="4.438">DO NOT HAVE TO BE REPAID.>

< start="6072.399" dur="4.271">THESE ARE GRANT MONEY.>

< start="6074.601" dur="3.47">WHY?>

< start="6074.935" dur="5.105">BECAUSE A SMALL BUSINESS OWNER>

< start="6076.77" dur="4.838">CAN'T INCUR MORE DEBT TODAY WHEN>

< start="6078.171" dur="4.138">THEY HAD NO IDEA HOW THEY ARE>

< start="6080.14" dur="4.471">GOING TO BE ABLE TO SURVIVE IN>

< start="6081.708" dur="3.871">THE FUTURE.>

< start="6082.409" dur="4.938">WE'VE GOT TO PROVIDE IMMEDIATE>

< start="6084.711" dur="4.538">HELP, IMMEDIATE HELP.>

< start="6085.679" dur="5.839">IT'S GOT TO BE SUBSTANTIAL.>

< start="6087.447" dur="8.308">AND IT'S GOT TO BE IN A WAY THAT>

< start="6089.349" dur="7.474">THEY KNOW THAT THEY'RE NOT INCUP>

< start="6091.618" dur="6.974">BETTERING THEIR FUTURE -->

< start="6095.855" dur="2.97">INCUMBERING THEIR FUTURE.>

< start="6096.923" dur="3.103">WE'VE GOT TO GET THAT MESSAGE>

< start="6098.692" dur="2.869">OUT.>

< start="6098.926" dur="3.069">THIS IS GOING TO BE IMMEDIATE>

< start="6100.126" dur="6.207">HELP TO HELP AMERICA'S SMALL>

< start="6101.661" dur="7.541">BUSINESS.>

< start="6102.095" dur="11.779">ONE PROGRAM PROVIDES $350>

< start="6106.433" dur="11.411">BILLION OF RELIEF TO SMALL>

< start="6109.302" dur="11.212">COMPANIES UNDER 500 EMPLOYEES.>

< start="6113.974" dur="7.374">$350 BILLION.>

< start="6117.944" dur="7.107">IT IS TRIGGERED BY GOING TO YOUR>

< start="6120.614" dur="4.67">FINANCIAL INSTITUTION AND>

< start="6121.448" dur="4.805">GETTING WHAT'S KNOWN AS A 7-A>

< start="6125.151" dur="2.67">LOAN.>

< start="6125.385" dur="3.904">LET ME CAUTION YOU.>

< start="6126.353" dur="7.34">IT'S GOING TO BE FORGIVEN IF YOU>

< start="6127.921" dur="6.54">FOLLOW THE RULES HERE.>

< start="6129.389" dur="9.243">BUT YOU GO TO A BANK, A>

< start="6133.793" dur="6.14">FINANCIAL INSTITUTION.>

< start="6134.561" dur="6.873">YOU DO A 7-A LOAN, A HUNDRED>

< start="6138.732" dur="3.904">PERCENT GUARANTEED BY THE>

< start="6140.033" dur="4.771">GOVERNMENT SO THE BANK HAS NO>

< start="6141.534" dur="3.871">RISK FACTOR.>

< start="6142.736" dur="3.837">THERE ARE NO PAYMENTS DUE FOR A>

< start="6144.904" dur="3.437">YEAR.>

< start="6145.505" dur="4.705">EVEN GETTING INTO THIS LOAN,>

< start="6146.673" dur="3.837">THERE ARE NO OBLIGATIONS FOR>

< start="6148.441" dur="4.805">CASH OUTLAYS ON BEHALF OF THE>

< start="6150.31" dur="3.871">BORROWER.>

< start="6150.61" dur="5.339">THE FEES HAVE>

< start="6153.346" dur="4.204">BEEN WAIVED.>

< start="6154.281" dur="5.171">SO THIS IS A COST-FREE>

< start="6156.049" dur="4.404">OPPORTUNITY TO GET THE CASH YOU>

< start="6157.65" dur="5.64">NEED TO KEEP YOUR SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="6159.552" dur="6.874">OPEN.>

< start="6160.553" dur="9.343">THAT'S THE PURPOSE OF THIS NEW>

< start="6163.39" dur="8.341">PROGRAM UNDER THE SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="6166.526" dur="6.607">ADMINISTRATION.>

< start="6169.996" dur="4.939">THE AMOUNT OF THE LOAN.>

< start="6171.831" dur="5.84">YOU TAKE YOUR AVERAGE PAYROLL>

< start="6173.233" dur="7.574">BEFORE THE CORONAVIRUS WAS HERE,>

< start="6175.035" dur="7.707">AND YOU TAKE YOUR MONTHLY>

< start="6177.771" dur="5.972">AVERAGE PAYROLL AND MULTIPLY IT>

< start="6180.907" dur="5.472">BY 2.5.>

< start="6182.842" dur="7.108">BASICALLY, WHAT YOU'RE GETTING>

< start="6183.843" dur="8.642">IS TWO MONTHS OF PAYROLL FOR>

< start="6186.479" dur="7.408">YOUR WORKERS, PLUS AN EXTRA -->

< start="6190.05" dur="5.472">IT COMES OUT TO AN EXTRA 25% OF>

< start="6192.585" dur="5.106">YOUR PAYROLL BECAUSE IT'S TWO>

< start="6193.987" dur="5.072">MONTHS OF THAT.>

< start="6195.622" dur="9.61">NOW, WHAT ELIGIBLE EXPENSES -->

< start="6197.791" dur="8.208">WHAT CAN YOU USE THIS FOR?>

< start="6199.159" dur="8.642">WELL, YOU CAN USE THE TWO MONTHS>

< start="6205.332" dur="3.47">FOR PAYROLL.>

< start="6206.099" dur="4.037">PAY YOUR WORKERS.>

< start="6207.901" dur="3.37">KEEP THEM EMPLOYED.>

< start="6208.902" dur="3.303">IT SAVES YOU THE COST OF>

< start="6210.236" dur="3.27">REHIRING IF YOU HAD TO FURLOUGH>

< start="6211.371" dur="3.971">OR LAY OFF WORKERS.>

< start="6212.305" dur="5.005">YOU CAN KEEP THEM EMPLOYED.>

< start="6213.606" dur="6.307">YOU CAN USE THE EXTRA FUNDS TO>

< start="6215.442" dur="5.272">COVER THEIR EXPENSES THAT YOU>

< start="6217.41" dur="7.174">HAVE ON THEIR HEALTH CARE OR>

< start="6220.013" dur="7.574">HELD EXPENSES.>

< start="6220.814" dur="9.509">YOU CAN USE THE EXTRA 25% FOR>

< start="6224.684" dur="7.207">RENTS OR MORTGAGE PAYMENTS OR>

< start="6227.687" dur="5.105">UTILITY BILLS.>

< start="6230.423" dur="7.041">SO IT GIVES YOU A CASH TO>

< start="6231.991" dur="7.408">CONDUCT YOUR BUSINESS FOR THE>

< start="6232.892" dur="8.008">NEXT TWO MONTHS.>

< start="6237.564" dur="6.406">IT GIVES YOU THE ABILITY TO KEEP>

< start="6239.499" dur="4.771">AFLOAT SO THAT YOU'RE READY TO>

< start="6241" dur="5.273">REBOUND WHEN THE ECONOMY>

< start="6244.07" dur="7.04">REBOUNDS.>

< start="6244.37" dur="9.61">WHO IS ELIGIBLE?>

< start="6246.373" dur="7.941">COMPANIES UNDER 500, BUT WE WENT>

< start="6251.21" dur="5.506">BEYOND THE TRADITIONAL 7-A'S>

< start="6254.08" dur="3.871">ELIGIBILITY.>

< start="6254.414" dur="4.605">WE ARE ALSO ALLOWING NONPROFITS>

< start="6256.816" dur="5.072">TO BE ABLE TO GET INTO THIS>

< start="6258.051" dur="5.439">PROGRAM SO THAT THEY WILL ALSO>

< start="6259.119" dur="6.239">BE ABLE TO STAY AFLOAT, BECAUSE>

< start="6261.988" dur="5.839">WE KNOW THE IMPORTANT WORK THAT>

< start="6263.59" dur="6.506">NONPROFITS DO FOR OUR COMMUNITY.>

< start="6265.458" dur="7.308">THEY ARE ALSO ELIGIBLE.>

< start="6267.927" dur="6.507">WE GAVE SOME RELAXATION TO THE>

< start="6270.196" dur="7.374">500 RULE FOR LOCATIONS THAT WERE>

< start="6272.866" dur="6.973">FOR RESTAURANTS OR HOTELS THAT>

< start="6274.534" dur="7.407">HAVE MULTIPLE LOCATIONS.>

< start="6277.67" dur="5.473">THIS IS A PROGRAM THAT'S AIMED>

< start="6279.939" dur="6.207">AT KEEPING BUSINESSES OPEN AND>

< start="6282.041" dur="6.107">READY, SMALL BUSINESSES FOR WHEN>

< start="6283.243" dur="7.574">WE GET THROUGH THIS CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="6286.246" dur="5.806">AND THEN THIS AMOUNT OF MONEY>

< start="6288.248" dur="6.373">THAT YOU BORROWED IS TOTALLY>

< start="6290.917" dur="5.472">FORGIVEN.>

< start="6292.152" dur="5.438">TOTALLY FORGIVEN IF YOU MAINTAIN>

< start="6294.721" dur="6.873">YOUR WORKFORCE TO THE>

< start="6296.489" dur="7.007">PRE-CORONAVIRUS LEVEL OR BRING>

< start="6297.69" dur="7.441">BACK YOUR WORKFORCE TO THE>

< start="6301.694" dur="4.438">PRE-CORONAVIRUS LEVEL DURING THE>

< start="6303.596" dur="4.872">STATED PERIOD OF TIME OF THIS>

< start="6305.231" dur="5.306">BILL.>

< start="6306.232" dur="6.107">SO IF YOU KEEP YOUR WORK FORCE,>

< start="6308.568" dur="5.205">BRING BACK YOUR WORK FORCE, THE>

< start="6310.637" dur="4.705">GOVERNMENT'S GOING TO HELP YOU>

< start="6312.439" dur="5.171">MAINTAIN YOUR ABILITY AND MAKE>

< start="6313.873" dur="5.539">SURE YOUR WORKERS GET PAID AND>

< start="6315.442" dur="5.672">THEIR BENEFITS ARE MAINTAINED.>

< start="6317.71" dur="5.473">IT WORKS VERY WELL WITH THE>

< start="6319.512" dur="5.406">OTHER PROVISIONS THAT ARE IN>

< start="6321.214" dur="5.706">OTHER PARTS OF THIS BILL SUCH AS>

< start="6323.283" dur="5.339">THE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE>

< start="6325.018" dur="4.905">BENEFITS.>

< start="6327.02" dur="3.97">YES, IF YOU FURLOUGH WORKERS,>

< start="6328.722" dur="3.937">CAN YOU COLLECT UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="6330.023" dur="3.67">BENEFITS AT BASICALLY FULL>

< start="6331.09" dur="3.237">SALARY FOR THE NEXT FOUR MONTHS,>

< start="6332.759" dur="2.869">SO THAT'S ALSO AVAILABLE TO>

< start="6333.793" dur="5.673">SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="6334.427" dur="6.34">BUT WE WANT YOU TO ALSO KNOW>

< start="6335.728" dur="6.94">THAT YOU CAN KEEP YOUR EMPLOYEES>

< start="6339.566" dur="11.745">EMPLOYED, THERE, READY FOR THE>

< start="6340.867" dur="11.278">BUSINESS TO REBOUND, AS WE HOPE>

< start="6342.768" dur="10.278">IT WILL SHORTLY.>

< start="6351.411" dur="1.935">THAT'S JUST ONE PROGRAM.>

< start="6352.245" dur="2.436">WE HAVE OTHER PROGRAMS>

< start="6353.146" dur="4.804">AVAILABLE.>

< start="6353.446" dur="8.108">WE HAVE A NEW PROGRAM WHICH IS>

< start="6354.781" dur="8.742">LABELED AS A GRANT, A>

< start="6358.05" dur="11.612">$10 BILLION GRANT PROGRAM FOR>

< start="6361.654" dur="9.343">EMERGENCY CASH AVAILABILITY FOR>

< start="6363.623" dur="9.409">SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="6369.762" dur="4.238">THERE ARE BUSINESSES THAT HAVE A>

< start="6371.097" dur="3.804">HARD TIME GOING TO A BANK AND>

< start="6373.132" dur="2.903">GETTING A COMMERCIAL LOAN.>

< start="6374.1" dur="3.003">THERE ARE MANY SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="6375.001" dur="3.904">THAT NEED CASH TODAY.>

< start="6376.135" dur="4.305">THEY CAN'T WAIT FOR THAT PROCESS>

< start="6377.203" dur="3.971">TO WORK ITS WAY THROUGH TO GET>

< start="6379.005" dur="3.504">THAT CHECK FROM THE SMALL>

< start="6380.54" dur="2.336">BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION THROUGH>

< start="6381.274" dur="3.003">ONE OF THEIR FINANCIAL>

< start="6382.609" dur="3.77">INSTITUTIONS.>

< start="6382.976" dur="5.338">IT'S GOING TO TAKE A LITTLE BIT>

< start="6384.377" dur="6.94">LONGER FOR THEM TO BE ABLE TO>

< start="6386.479" dur="7.174">GET THAT DONE.>

< start="6388.414" dur="5.606">SO WE HAVE EMERGENCY DISASTER>

< start="6391.417" dur="6.674">RELIEF LOANS IN THE FIRST>

< start="6393.753" dur="6.707">SUPPLEMENTAL.>

< start="6394.12" dur="8.509">WE MADE IT CLEAR THAT SMALL>

< start="6398.191" dur="6.673">BUSINESSES QUALIFY FOR EMERGENCY>

< start="6400.56" dur="5.973">DISASTER RELIEF LOANS IF THEY>

< start="6402.729" dur="5.806">HAVE BEEN ADVERSELY IMPACTED BY>

< start="6404.964" dur="6.34">THE CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="6406.633" dur="5.071">THESE ARE DIRECT LOANS COMING>

< start="6408.635" dur="5.071">OUT OF THE SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="6411.404" dur="3.67">ADMINISTRATION.>

< start="6411.804" dur="5.306">THESE ARE NOT LOANS THAT ARE>

< start="6413.806" dur="4.104">FROM FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.>

< start="6415.175" dur="4.838">WE HAVE INCLUDED THAT IN THE>

< start="6417.21" dur="4.204">FIRST SUPPLEMENTAL.>

< start="6418.011" dur="5.238">WE HAVE NOW -- WE NOW ALLOW YOU>

< start="6420.113" dur="5.572">TO MAKE THAT APPLICATION AND>

< start="6421.514" dur="5.906">WITH THAT APPLICATION IF YOU>

< start="6423.349" dur="7.675">NEED TO GET CASH IMMEDIATELY,>

< start="6425.785" dur="7.307">THE S.B.A. CAN WRITE YOU A CHECK>

< start="6427.52" dur="6.14">FOR UP TO $10,000.>

< start="6431.124" dur="4.338">AND WE WANT THAT DONE WITHIN>

< start="6433.192" dur="2.837">THREE DAYS.>

< start="6433.76" dur="4.07">WE WANT THAT MONEY OUT IN DAYS,>

< start="6435.562" dur="3.003">NOT WEEKS.>

< start="6436.129" dur="5.038">WE HEAR THAT ALL THE TIME FROM>

< start="6437.93" dur="5.706">SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="6438.665" dur="6.973">WE NEED HELP NOW.>

< start="6441.267" dur="6.106">WELL, THIS PROGRAM -- AND I WAS>

< start="6443.736" dur="5.873">PLEASED TO WORK ON THIS PROGRAM.>

< start="6445.738" dur="7.208">I FILED LEGISLATION ON IT.>

< start="6447.473" dur="7.174">THIS IS A NEED THAT'S OUT THERE>

< start="6449.709" dur="6.707">TODAY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE TO>

< start="6453.046" dur="5.505">SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS.>

< start="6454.747" dur="6.907">NOW, WE HAVE A THIRD PROGRAM.>

< start="6456.516" dur="6.139">THAT'S TWO PROGRAMS.>

< start="6458.651" dur="6.24">YOU CAN GET THIS BASICALLY>

< start="6461.754" dur="4.772">TWO-MONTH HELP FROM THE FEDERAL>

< start="6462.755" dur="6.007">GOVERNMENT TO PAY YOUR PAYROLL>

< start="6464.991" dur="6.273">AND RELATED EXPENSES.>

< start="6466.626" dur="6.807">YOU CAN GET A $10,000 IMMEDIATE>

< start="6468.862" dur="6.673">CASH ADVANCEMENT ON THAT THROUGH>

< start="6471.364" dur="5.739">APPLYING FOR DISASTER RELIEF>

< start="6473.533" dur="3.837">LOAN AND SHOWING A NEED AT THIS>

< start="6475.635" dur="2.736">STAGE, AND THEN THERE IS A THIRD>

< start="6477.203" dur="3.871">PROGRAM.>

< start="6477.47" dur="4.738">THERE ARE MANY SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="6478.471" dur="4.271">TODAY THAT HAVE EXISTING LOANS>

< start="6481.174" dur="4.404">UNDER THE SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="6482.308" dur="3.804">ADMINISTRATION.>

< start="6482.842" dur="5.639">THESE ARE 7-A LOANS OR 504>

< start="6485.678" dur="4.371">LOANS.>

< start="6486.212" dur="9.009">7-A IS THE TRADITIONAL LOPE.>

< start="6488.581" dur="8.575">504 ARE THE LARGER LOANS.>

< start="6490.149" dur="10.578">WHAT THIS BILL DOES IS PROVIDE>

< start="6495.321" dur="8.342">$17 BILLION OF RELIEF SO THOSE>

< start="6497.256" dur="8.075">WHO HAD THESE EXISTING LOANS DO>

< start="6500.827" dur="7.274">NOT NEED TO MAKE ANY PAYMENTS ON>

< start="6503.763" dur="6.44">THOSE LOANS, THEY'RE FORGIVEN>

< start="6505.431" dur="6.307">FOR THE NEXT SIX MONTHS.>

< start="6508.201" dur="4.004">I PARTICULARLY WANT TO>

< start="6510.303" dur="3.47">ACKNOWLEDGE SENATOR COONS' WORK>

< start="6511.838" dur="3.77">ON THIS.>

< start="6512.305" dur="4.338">THIS IS A BILL THAT WE HAVE BEEN>

< start="6513.873" dur="4.672">WORKING ON AND IS ONLY>

< start="6515.708" dur="3.07">REASONABLE TO RELIEF.>

< start="6516.743" dur="3.303">WE ARE ASKING OTHERS TO RELIEF>

< start="6518.645" dur="6.205">DEBT.>

< start="6518.879" dur="6.305">LET US DO IT FOR OUR SMALL>

< start="6520.146" dur="6.273">BUSINESSES UNDER THE 7-A AND 504>

< start="6524.95" dur="2.77">PROGRAMS.>

< start="6525.284" dur="3.37">SO YOU SEE, MR. PRESIDENT, THERE>

< start="6526.519" dur="4.438">ARE A LOT OF PROVISIONS HERE>

< start="6527.82" dur="4.638">THAT HELP OUR SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="6528.755" dur="5.572">I WANT TO TELL YOU THAT THERE>

< start="6531.057" dur="4.505">ARE OTHERS IN ADDITION TO THOSE>

< start="6532.558" dur="4.338">THREE I JUST MENTIONED, I'M>

< start="6534.427" dur="9.343">PLEASED THAT WE DO HAVE CONTRACT>

< start="6535.662" dur="10.61">PROTECTION IN THIS BILL.>

< start="6536.996" dur="10.377">LET ME EXPLAIN WHAT THAT MEANS.>

< start="6543.87" dur="4.404">THIS APPLIES TO ALL BUSINESSES,>

< start="6546.372" dur="3.17">NOT JUST SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="6547.473" dur="3.737">BUT SMALL BUSINESSES THAT ARE>

< start="6548.374" dur="4.805">PARTICULARLY IMPACTED BY IT.>

< start="6549.642" dur="5.072">BUT YOU CAN'T PERFORM THAT>

< start="6551.31" dur="4.538">GOVERNMENT CONTRACT BECAUSE YOU>

< start="6553.279" dur="3.904">CAN'T GET ACCESS TO THE FACILITY>

< start="6554.814" dur="3.67">BECAUSE IT'S SHUTTERED AS A>

< start="6555.948" dur="4.238">RESULT OF THE CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="6557.283" dur="5.372">THIS BILL ALLOWS YOU, THE>

< start="6558.584" dur="6.24">FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, TO MAKE SURE>

< start="6560.286" dur="6.006">YOU HAVE ADEQUATE FUNDS>

< start="6562.755" dur="4.772">AVAILABLE TO PAY YOUR WORKERS SO>

< start="6564.924" dur="4.371">THAT THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO>

< start="6566.392" dur="10.611">SHOULD HAVE BEEN WORKING AT THE>

< start="6567.627" dur="11.445">FEDERAL FACILITY WILL GET PAID>

< start="6569.395" dur="10.911">DURING THIS PERIOD OF TIME.>

< start="6577.103" dur="3.47">WE ALSO PROVIDE MONEY IN THE>

< start="6579.172" dur="3.17">MINORITY BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT>

< start="6580.406" dur="2.403">CENTERS.>

< start="6580.673" dur="3.304">THEY ARE THERE IN OUR COMMUNITY.>

< start="6582.442" dur="2.469">WHY?>

< start="6582.909" dur="4.137">BECAUSE WE HAVE TO GET THE>

< start="6584.077" dur="4.971">MESSAGE OUT TO SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="6585.011" dur="5.372">ABOUT THESE NEW TOOLS, HOW WE>

< start="6587.146" dur="4.171">CAN ACCESS BANKS TO GET THE 7-A>

< start="6589.148" dur="4.138">LOANS THAT ARE FORGIVEN THAT ARE>

< start="6590.483" dur="3.57">ACTUALLY GRANTS.>

< start="6591.417" dur="3.871">HOW THEY CAN APPLY TO THE SMALL>

< start="6593.386" dur="2.936">BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION FOR>

< start="6594.153" dur="4.772">DISASTER RELIEF LOANS AND GET A>

< start="6595.388" dur="5.939">CASH ADVANCEMENT.>

< start="6596.423" dur="6.172">HOW THEY CAN GET RELIEF FROM THE>

< start="6599.025" dur="7.207">CURRENT 7-A AND 504 LOANS.>

< start="6601.427" dur="5.94">SO WE GIVE MONEY TO THESE>

< start="6602.695" dur="7.174">INSTITUTIONS SO THAT THESE>

< start="6606.332" dur="5.873">ENTREPRENEUR SERVICE GROUPS SO>

< start="6607.467" dur="5.071">THEY CAN HELP WOMEN BUSINESSES>

< start="6609.969" dur="3.837">AND MINORITY BUSINESSES GET>

< start="6612.305" dur="3.103">ACCESS.>

< start="6612.638" dur="7.341">I MUST TELL YOU,>

< start="6613.906" dur="7.074">MADAM PRESIDENT, WE HAVE ALSO>

< start="6615.508" dur="8.342">PUT A CLEAR INTENT THAT WE>

< start="6620.079" dur="5.773">EXPECT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TO>

< start="6621.08" dur="6.407">MAKE LOANS TO ALL SIZED SMALL>

< start="6623.95" dur="6.106">BUSINESSES IN ALL COMMUNITIES SO>

< start="6625.952" dur="6.006">THAT ALL COMMUNITIES CAN BENEFIT>

< start="6627.587" dur="5.906">FROM THIS LEGISLATION.>

< start="6630.156" dur="4.838">WE HAVE INCREASED THE SIZE OF>

< start="6632.058" dur="5.872">EXPRESS LOANS UNDER THIS.>

< start="6633.593" dur="6.64">AND I JUST WANT TO COMPLIMENT>

< start="6635.094" dur="5.473">THE WORK OF OTHER WORKING>

< start="6638.03" dur="4.372">GROUPS, PARTICULARLY ON THE TAX>

< start="6640.333" dur="2.769">PROVISIONS.>

< start="6640.667" dur="4.137">I WAS VERY PLEASED TO WORK WITH>

< start="6642.502" dur="4.237">SENATOR WYDEN.>

< start="6643.202" dur="9.677">THE TWO OF US WORKED ON WHAT'S>

< start="6644.904" dur="10.11">KNOWN AS A RETENTION CREDIT>

< start="6646.839" dur="11.345">WHICH ALLOWS COMPANIES TO BRING>

< start="6652.979" dur="7.14">THE FURLOUGHED WORKERS BACK AND>

< start="6655.114" dur="6.373">GET GET A CREDIT UP TO 50% OF>

< start="6658.284" dur="4.004">THAT WAGE UP TO $10,000 AS A TAX>

< start="6660.219" dur="4.371">CREDIT IN ORDER TO BRING BACK>

< start="6661.587" dur="4.405">THOSE WORKERS.>

< start="6662.388" dur="6.106">WELL, FOR SOME SMALL BUSINESSES,>

< start="6664.69" dur="6.674">THAT MAY BE A BETTER OPTION THAN>

< start="6666.092" dur="11.512">WHAT I HAVE OUTLINED BEFORE IN>

< start="6668.594" dur="9.81">REGARDS TO THE TWO AND A HALF>

< start="6671.464" dur="8.475">MONTHS OF AID BASED ON PAYROLL.>

< start="6677.704" dur="2.802">YOU HAVE A CHOICE.>

< start="6678.504" dur="2.937">YOU CAN DO BETTER UNDER>

< start="6680.039" dur="2.636">RETENTION CREDIT.>

< start="6680.606" dur="3.637">IT'S A NEW CREDIT.>

< start="6681.541" dur="3.036">IF NOT, USE THE OTHER.>

< start="6682.775" dur="4.471">SMALL BUSINESSES ARE GIVEN MORE>

< start="6684.343" dur="3.571">FLEXIBILITY.>

< start="6684.677" dur="4.438">THANK YOU, SENATOR WYDEN, FOR>

< start="6687.346" dur="3.871">HELPING US.>

< start="6688.014" dur="3.27">I ALSO WANT TO ACKNOWLEDGE>

< start="6689.215" dur="3.871">SENATOR WARNER WHO WAS VERY>

< start="6691.35" dur="4.472">INSTRUMENTAL IN GETTING THAT>

< start="6693.186" dur="6.506">PROVISION ADOPTED.>

< start="6694.787" dur="6.707">SO, MADAM PRESIDENT, YOU SEE>

< start="6695.922" dur="6.84">THERE IS A WHOLE RANGE OF TOOLS>

< start="6699.792" dur="6.974">IN HERE TO KEEP SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="6701.594" dur="10.777">OPERATING, PAYING THEIR WORKERS>

< start="6702.862" dur="10.344">SO THEY DON'T HAVE TO REINVENT>

< start="6706.866" dur="7.741">THEIR EMPLOYERS AFTER THIS>

< start="6712.471" dur="3.638">CRISIS IS OVER.>

< start="6713.306" dur="3.904">THEY CAN KEEP QUALIFIED PEOPLE.>

< start="6714.707" dur="3.837">MR. REID, THEY GET THE>

< start="6716.209" dur="3.169">PAYCHECKS, AND OUR ECONOMY IS>

< start="6717.31" dur="3.77">READY TO GET BACK INTO SHAPE.>

< start="6718.644" dur="4.605">THERE ARE MANY OTHER PROVISIONS>

< start="6719.478" dur="4.872">IN THIS BILL, INCLUDING THE CASH>

< start="6721.18" dur="4.872">PAYMENTS UNDER THE I.R.S.,>

< start="6723.349" dur="10.344">$1,200 PER TAXPAYER THAT WILL>

< start="6724.483" dur="10.778">HELP IN THIS REGARD.>

< start="6726.152" dur="10.444">WHEN YOU PUT THIS ALL TOGETHER,>

< start="6733.793" dur="4.37">THIS IS A ROBUST PACKAGE TO>

< start="6735.361" dur="5.072">BRING OUR ECONOMY, TO HOLD OUR>

< start="6736.696" dur="5.205">ECONOMY SO THAT IT CAN PERFORM>

< start="6738.263" dur="5.139">AT A LEVEL THAT IT'S READY TO>

< start="6740.533" dur="4.438">TAKE OFF AGAIN WITHOUT THE DIRE>

< start="6742.001" dur="4.404">CONSEQUENCES OF PEOPLE NOT>

< start="6743.502" dur="4.739">HAVING INCOME IN ORDER TO PAY>

< start="6745.071" dur="3.737">THEIR BILLS.>

< start="6746.505" dur="4.905">THROUGH THESE SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="6748.341" dur="3.336">PROVISIONS, SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="6748.908" dur="3.971">OWNERS CAN KEEP THEIR BUSINESSES>

< start="6751.51" dur="3.671">INTACT.>

< start="6751.777" dur="4.538">THROUGH UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE,>

< start="6752.979" dur="3.67">THOSE THAT ARE LAID OFF OR>

< start="6755.281" dur="2.369">FURLOUGHED COULD GET THEIR>

< start="6756.415" dur="2.837">SALARIES.>

< start="6756.749" dur="3.837">THROUGH THE I.R.S. CHECKS,>

< start="6757.75" dur="4.438">PEOPLE WILL HAVE SOME CASH.>

< start="6759.352" dur="3.937">THROUGH SOME OF THESE OTHER>

< start="6760.686" dur="4.838">PROGRAMS, WE ARE PROVIDING>

< start="6762.288" dur="4.538">RELIEF LIKE DELAYING THE TIME>

< start="6763.389" dur="5.739">AND PAYING THE EMPLOYER'S SHARE>

< start="6765.624" dur="6.107">OF THE FICA TAXES.>

< start="6766.926" dur="7.107">YOU PUT THAT ALL TOGETHER, THERE>

< start="6769.228" dur="6.974">IS A LOT OF HELP OUT HERE TO>

< start="6771.831" dur="6.073">KEEP OUR ECONOMY GOING DURING>

< start="6774.133" dur="4.304">THIS CRISIS, WITH PARTICULAR>

< start="6776.302" dur="3.704">FOCUS ON THE WORKERS AND ON>

< start="6778.004" dur="3.637">SMALL BUSINESS.>

< start="6778.537" dur="4.972">THE LAST POINT I SHOULD POINT>

< start="6780.106" dur="4.437">OUT, THE SELF-EMPLOYED, THE GIG>

< start="6781.741" dur="4.438">ECONOMY ARE FULLY COVERED UNDER>

< start="6783.609" dur="3.37">THE SMALL BUSINESS PROVISIONS.>

< start="6784.644" dur="4.304">THEY ARE FULLY COVERED UNDER THE>

< start="6786.279" dur="4.938">U.I. PROVISIONS.>

< start="6787.079" dur="4.205">WE ARE TRYING TO MAKE SURE THAT>

< start="6789.048" dur="3.137">WE PRESERVE OUR ECONOMY, THAT WE>

< start="6791.35" dur="3.737">PRESERVE WORKERS AND THEIR>

< start="6792.285" dur="4.638">FAMILIES AND THEIR ABILITIES TO>

< start="6794.32" dur="4.137">PAY THEIR BILLS.>

< start="6795.187" dur="5.139">I THINK WHEN YOU TAKE A LOOK AT>

< start="6797.023" dur="6.873">THIS WHOLE PACKAGE, THE>

< start="6798.557" dur="6.54">CHALLENGE WILL BE TO GET THE>

< start="6800.426" dur="6.306">INFORMATION OUT TO OUR COMMITS,>

< start="6803.996" dur="4.071">TO THESE BUSINESSES, TO THESE>

< start="6805.197" dur="5.306">WORKERS SO THEY KNOW WHAT'S IN>

< start="6806.832" dur="6.54">THIS PACKAGE SO THAT THEY CAN>

< start="6808.167" dur="6.173">ACT NOW, BECAUSE, QUITE FRANKLY,>

< start="6810.603" dur="4.871">PEOPLE ARE DESPERATE, COMPANIES>

< start="6813.472" dur="3.637">ARE DESPERATE.>

< start="6814.44" dur="3.57">WHEN MALLS ARE CLOSED AS THEY>

< start="6815.574" dur="4.005">ARE IN MARYLAND AND YOU ARE>

< start="6817.209" dur="3.871">OPERATING A SMALL BUSINESS IN>

< start="6818.11" dur="5.239">THAT MALL, HAVE NO BUSINESS AT>

< start="6819.679" dur="5.505">ALL, YOU DON'T KNOW HOW YOU ARE>

< start="6821.18" dur="4.338">GOING TO MAKE YOUR NEXT PAYROLL.>

< start="6823.449" dur="3.237">YOU HAVE TO MAKE DECISIONS>

< start="6825.284" dur="2.937">TODAY.>

< start="6825.618" dur="3.637">THAT'S WHY IT'S IMPORTANT WE>

< start="6826.786" dur="3.97">VOTE ON THIS BILL TODAY, GET IT>

< start="6828.321" dur="3.537">TO THE PRESIDENT AS SOON AS>

< start="6829.355" dur="5.138">POSSIBLE, GET THE INFORMATION>

< start="6830.856" dur="6.107">OUT TO THE SMALL BUSINESSES AND>

< start="6831.958" dur="7.807">TO THE WORKERS AND TO ALL>

< start="6834.593" dur="6.841">BUSINESSES THAT WE ARE HERE TO>

< start="6837.063" dur="5.639">HELP KEEP THEM OPEN, TO KEEP THE>

< start="6839.865" dur="4.071">PAYCHECKS FLOWING, TO KEEP OUR>

< start="6841.534" dur="3.67">ECONOMY MOVING, THAT WE'RE IN>

< start="6842.802" dur="3.77">THIS TOGETHER, WE'RE GOING TO>

< start="6844.036" dur="4.338">GET THROUGH THIS PERIOD OF TIME,>

< start="6845.304" dur="5.005">OUR ECONOMY IS GOING TO COME>

< start="6846.672" dur="7.007">BACK, BUT WE WANT YOU TO KNOW TO>

< start="6848.474" dur="6.106">TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THESE TOOLS SO>

< start="6850.409" dur="5.572">THAT WE CAN MINIMIZE THE ADVERSE>

< start="6853.779" dur="42.276">IMPACT OF THE CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="6854.68" dur="42.076">AND WITH THAT, MADAM PRESIDENT,>

< start="6856.081" dur="41.242">I WOULD YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="6896.155" dur="1.969">MR. LANKFORD: MADAM PRESIDENT.>

< start="6896.856" dur="1.935">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="6897.423" dur="2.603">SENATOR FROM OKLAHOMA IS>

< start="6898.224" dur="3.07">RECOGNIZED.>

< start="6898.891" dur="9.109">MR. LANKFORD: THIS MORNING,>

< start="6900.126" dur="11.011">TECHNICAL SERGEANT MARSHALL>

< start="6901.394" dur="13.079">ROBERTS OF OKLAHOMA CAME HOME.>

< start="6908.1" dur="8.142">IT WAS A DIGNIFIED TRANSFER IN>

< start="6911.237" dur="6.273">TULSA, OKLAHOMA, EARLIER THIS>

< start="6914.573" dur="4.705">MORNING.>

< start="6916.342" dur="6.406">THERE WERE A LOT OF PEOPLE THAT>

< start="6917.61" dur="8.208">WANTED TO BE THERE, BUT BECAUSE>

< start="6919.378" dur="7.675">OF COVID-19 COULD NOT.>

< start="6922.848" dur="9.21">BUT A LOT OF OTHER FOLKS WERE.>

< start="6925.918" dur="8.842">TECH SERGEANT MARSHALL ROBERTS>

< start="6927.153" dur="9.543">WAS KILLED IN IRAQ WEDNESDAY,>

< start="6932.158" dur="6.406">MARCH 11, WHEN HIS UNIT WAS>

< start="6934.86" dur="6.74">ENGAGED BY INDIRECT ENEMY FIRE>

< start="6936.796" dur="5.071">WHILE THEY WERE SLEEPING.>

< start="6938.664" dur="5.039">HE WAS 17 MILES NORTH OF>

< start="6941.7" dur="2.07">BAGHDAD.>

< start="6941.967" dur="3.671">HE WAS DEPLOYED WITH THE 219th>

< start="6943.836" dur="5.772">ENGINEERING INSTALLATION>

< start="6945.738" dur="4.17">SQUADRON, A SUBORDINATE UNIT OF>

< start="6947.84" dur="2.97">THE 138th OUT OF TULSA,>

< start="6949.708" dur="1.669">OKLAHOMA.>

< start="6950.008" dur="2.637">HE WAS IN THE PROCESS OF>

< start="6950.91" dur="3.703">BUILDING COMMUNICATIONS>

< start="6951.477" dur="6.373">INFRASTRUCTURE AS PART OF THE>

< start="6952.745" dur="6.273">FIGHT AGAINST ISIS.>

< start="6954.713" dur="6.507">THE OPERATION THAT ROBERT SERVE,>

< start="6957.95" dur="4.905">OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE, HAS>

< start="6959.118" dur="6.039">BEEN A VITAL PART OF PROTECTING>

< start="6961.32" dur="5.305">OUR NATION AND BRINGING>

< start="6962.955" dur="6.607">STABILITY TO THE REGION.>

< start="6965.257" dur="4.538">ROBERTS ENLISTED IN THE OKLAHOMA>

< start="6966.725" dur="6.54">AIR NATIONAL GUARD IN MAY OF>

< start="6969.662" dur="5.439">2014.>

< start="6969.896" dur="9.109">HE WAS KILLED IN ACTION AS THE>

< start="6973.365" dur="6.54">FIRST OKLAHOMA INTERNATIONAL>

< start="6975.201" dur="6.973">GUARDSMAN WHO HAS DIED, BUT THE>

< start="6979.105" dur="3.77">20th OKLAHOMA NATIONAL>

< start="6980.005" dur="3.971">GUARDSMAN WHO HAS DIED SINCE>

< start="6982.274" dur="3.437">SEPTEMBER 11, 2001.>

< start="6982.975" dur="5.005">THE PERPETUAL COMMENT THAT I>

< start="6984.076" dur="6.407">HEARD FROM THE FOLKS THAT I>

< start="6985.811" dur="5.206">TALKED TO ABOUT TECH SERGEANT>

< start="6988.08" dur="4.672">ROBERTS WAS HE WAS ONE OF THE>

< start="6990.583" dur="5.138">GOOD GUYS.>

< start="6991.117" dur="6.64">HE WAS ALWAYS KNOWN FOR HAVING A>

< start="6992.852" dur="6.306">SMILE ON HIS FACE, WAS SELFLESS.>

< start="6995.821" dur="5.039">HE SERVED OTHERS ALL THE WAY TO>

< start="6997.857" dur="5.872">THE END.>

< start="6999.258" dur="9.076">THE NIGHT OF THE ATTACK, THERE>

< start="7000.96" dur="8.508">WAS A TRUCK LAUNCHER THAT FIRED>

< start="7003.829" dur="7.308">OFF 30 KARTUCHA ROCKETS AT THEIR>

< start="7008.434" dur="3.604">CAMP AS THEY WERE SLEEPING.>

< start="7009.568" dur="4.171">18 OF THOSE ROCKETS LANDED>

< start="7011.237" dur="3.837">INSIDE THE CAMP FACILITY.>

< start="7012.138" dur="5.105">AS THE NOISE HAPPENED AROUND>

< start="7013.839" dur="6.607">HIM, SERGEANT ROBERTS TOLD HIS>

< start="7015.174" dur="6.807">FELLOW AIRMEN TO GET UP, GET>

< start="7017.343" dur="7.34">GOING, GET THEIR BODY ARMOR ON,>

< start="7020.546" dur="6.94">AND AS HE STEPPED AWAY TO GO>

< start="7022.081" dur="7.507">WARN OTHER PEOPLE TO DO THE>

< start="7024.816" dur="5.907">SAME, A ROCKET CAME.>

< start="7027.586" dur="6.474">BUT SOME OF THE PEOPLE STANDING>

< start="7029.688" dur="6.941">RIGHT THERE THAT HE HAD TOLD>

< start="7030.823" dur="12.98">THEM TO GET THEIR BODY ARMOR ON,>

< start="7034.16" dur="9.709">HE SAVED THEIR LIFE.>

< start="7036.729" dur="10.31">HE WAS POSTHUMOUSLY PROMOTED -->

< start="7043.936" dur="6.607">HE WAS POSTHUMOUSLY PROMOTED TO>

< start="7047.139" dur="4.505">TECHNICAL SERGEANT.>

< start="7047.74" dur="7.441">HE WAS BORN JANUARY 29, 1992, IN>

< start="7050.643" dur="6.64">TULSA, OKLAHOMA.>

< start="7051.744" dur="8.642">MARSHALL'S PARENTS, SALARY AND>

< start="7055.281" dur="6.673">RAND -- SALLY AND RANDY, RAISED>

< start="7057.383" dur="6.94">HIM IN OWOSSO, OKLAHOMA, WHERE>

< start="7060.486" dur="4.871">HE GRADUATED FROM HIGH SCHOOL.>

< start="7062.054" dur="8.442">HE HAS A BEAUTIFUL DAUGHTER>

< start="7064.423" dur="9.076">PEYTON WHO HAS BEEN THE LOVE OF>

< start="7065.457" dur="12.246">HIS LIFE.>

< start="7070.596" dur="10.143">NOVEMBER 15, 2018, MARSHALL WAS>

< start="7073.599" dur="8.942">MARRIED TO CHRISSY AND THEY WERE>

< start="7077.803" dur="7.474">BOTH IN THE 138th.>

< start="7080.839" dur="6.24">THEIR DEEP LOVE FOR GOD, THEIR>

< start="7082.641" dur="7.975">DEEP LOVE FOR THEIR COUNTRY AND>

< start="7085.377" dur="6.34">THEIR OBVIOUS LOVE FOR EACH>

< start="7087.179" dur="6.006">OTHER WAS A SIGNIFICANT PART OF>

< start="7090.716" dur="6.14">THE 138th.>

< start="7091.817" dur="6.306">EVERYONE KNEW THEM, KNEW WHAT>

< start="7093.285" dur="7.608">THEY WERE LIKE, AND WERE GLAD TO>

< start="7096.956" dur="7.941">BE CALLED THEIR FRIENDS.>

< start="7098.223" dur="8.609">HE WAS A BROTHER, HE WAS A SON,>

< start="7100.993" dur="7.441">HE WAS A FATHER, HE WAS A>

< start="7104.997" dur="7.474">HUSBAND, AND OUR STATE AND OUR>

< start="7106.932" dur="8.609">NATION GRIEVES HIM TODAY COMING>

< start="7108.534" dur="7.574">HOME.>

< start="7112.571" dur="5.439">ONE STORY ABOUT HE AND CHRISTIE,>

< start="7115.641" dur="3.971">THOUGH.>

< start="7116.208" dur="5.506">THEY MET AND STARTED DATING>

< start="7118.11" dur="7.107">WHILE THEY WERE BOTH SERVING>

< start="7119.712" dur="6.373">WITH THE 138th.>

< start="7121.814" dur="5.672">SHE HAD BEEN IN THE 138th FOR>

< start="7125.317" dur="4.505">15 YEARS.>

< start="7126.185" dur="5.539">THEY DATED FOUR YEARS BEFORE>

< start="7127.586" dur="5.639">THEY GOT MARRIED IN 2018.>

< start="7129.922" dur="5.439">THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED JUST LESS>

< start="7131.824" dur="7.641">THAN TWO YEARS.>

< start="7133.325" dur="6.907">THEY WERE BOTH AVID FOOTBALL>

< start="7135.461" dur="8.608">FANS, BUT THERE WAS A MAJOR>

< start="7139.565" dur="9.343">PROBLEM.>

< start="7140.332" dur="12.713">CHRISSY IS A KANSAS CHIEFS FAN>

< start="7144.169" dur="12.013">AND MARSHALL IS A -- HE FIXED>

< start="7149.008" dur="12.546">THAT BY PROPOSING AT THE>

< start="7153.145" dur="11.245">STEELERS-CHIEFS GAME.>

< start="7156.282" dur="15.548">I HAVE TO TELL YOU, THE FAMILY>

< start="7161.654" dur="12.112">FOR THE FOLKS THAT STOOD THERE>

< start="7164.49" dur="10.977">TODAY IN TULSA AS HE CAME HOME,>

< start="7171.93" dur="6.641">THEY FOUND A WAY TO BE ABLE TO>

< start="7173.866" dur="6.206">LOVE ON EACH OTHER, THEY FOUND A>

< start="7175.567" dur="6.607">WAY TO BE ABLE TO SERVE EACH>

< start="7178.671" dur="5.639">OTHER AND THEY ARE STILL>

< start="7180.172" dur="6.073">SACRIFICING FOR THE COUNTRY.>

< start="7182.274" dur="6.006">BECAUSE -- BECAUSE THE COVID-19>

< start="7184.41" dur="8.241">THAT'S HAPPENING RIGHT NOW,>

< start="7186.345" dur="8.909">THEY'VE CHOSEN NOT TO HAVE A>

< start="7188.38" dur="8.275">PUBLIC MEMORIAL SERVICE AND THEY>

< start="7192.751" dur="6.841">ARE DELAYING THAT TIME UNTIL>

< start="7195.354" dur="6.173">IT'S SAFER FOR ALL OF THE FAMILY>

< start="7196.755" dur="5.973">AND FOR ALL THE COMMUNITY TO BE>

< start="7199.692" dur="7.874">ABLE TO PARTICIPATE.>

< start="7201.627" dur="7.941">LITERALLY THEIR FAMILY CONTINUES>

< start="7202.828" dur="9.976">THE GRIEF IN THE WAIT, ONE MORE>

< start="7207.666" dur="8.309">SACRIFICE FOR THEIR COUNTRY AND>

< start="7209.668" dur="9.243">FOR THEIR COMMUNITY.>

< start="7212.905" dur="10.944">TODAY ALL OF OKLAHOMA IS USING A>

< start="7216.075" dur="12.846">HASHTAG TO SHARE MESSAGES WITH>

< start="7219.011" dur="12.346">THE FAMILY.>

< start="7223.949" dur="9.243">HASHTAG GSTG MARSHALL ROBERTS,>

< start="7229.021" dur="8.375">TO BE ABLE TO SHARE A MESSAGE OF>

< start="7231.457" dur="11.678">SUPPORT AND LOVE FOR THE FAMILY.>

< start="7233.292" dur="10.076">OUR NATION IS GRATEFUL AND WE>

< start="7237.496" dur="7.708">GRIEVE WITH YOU FOR THE LOSS>

< start="7243.235" dur="4.505">TODAY.>

< start="7243.469" dur="6.072">THANK YOU TO HIM AND HIS FAMILY>

< start="7245.304" dur="6.34">FOR WEARING THE CLOTH OF OUR>

< start="7247.84" dur="6.239">COUNTRY AND FOR DOING EVERYTHING>

< start="7249.641" dur="7.074">THAT OUR NATION ASKED OF HIM>

< start="7251.744" dur="7.407">UNTIL THE VERY END.>

< start="7254.179" dur="6.707">OUR NATION LIVES IN FREEDOM>

< start="7256.815" dur="6.373">BECAUSE OF FOLKS LIKE MARSHALL>

< start="7259.251" dur="6.373">ROBERTS AND WE WILL CONTINUE TO>

< start="7260.986" dur="71.739">STAND WITH CHRISSY AND PEYTON>

< start="7263.288" dur="70.204">AND WITH THEIR FAMILY.>

< start="7265.724" dur="68.368">WITH THAT, I YIELD.>

< start="7332.825" dur="2.969">MR. LANKFORD: MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="7333.592" dur="3.003">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="7334.193" dur="3.703">SENATOR FROM OKLAHOMA.>

< start="7335.894" dur="4.138">MR. LANKFORD: MR. PRESIDENT,>

< start="7336.695" dur="4.138">WE'RE IN THE PROCESS OF PASSING>

< start="7337.996" dur="5.272">A VERY LARGE ECONOMIC PACKAGE TO>

< start="7340.132" dur="4.838">HELP STABILIZE OUR ECONOMY>

< start="7340.933" dur="4.838">THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF ALL THAT'S>

< start="7343.368" dur="5.039">HAPPENING WITH COVID-19 GLOBALLY>

< start="7345.07" dur="4.938">AND IN THE UNITED STATES.>

< start="7345.871" dur="6.507">THE HEART OF THE PACKAGE WE'RE>

< start="7348.507" dur="5.439">PASSING TODAY IS ALMOST>

< start="7350.108" dur="4.905">IDENTICAL TO WHAT WE BROUGHT>

< start="7352.478" dur="5.672">SUNDAY NIGHT WHICH WAS A>

< start="7354.046" dur="5.472">BIPARTISAN PROPOSAL WHICH>

< start="7355.113" dur="6.04">RANKING MEMBERS AND CHAIRMEN OF>

< start="7358.25" dur="3.437">ALL THE RANKING COMMITTEES>

< start="7359.618" dur="3.103">WORKED TOGETHER TO GET THIS>

< start="7361.253" dur="2.703">DONE.>

< start="7361.787" dur="4.404">THE KEY ELEMENTS ARE STILL>

< start="7362.821" dur="4.972">THERE, IT'S UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="7364.056" dur="5.138">INSURANCE FOR AMERICANS,>

< start="7366.291" dur="3.971">INCLUDING $600 PLUS TO BE ABLE>

< start="7367.893" dur="3.604">TO GO THROUGH THE PROCESS.>

< start="7369.294" dur="3.204">THERE IS SUPPORT FOR SMALL>

< start="7370.362" dur="3.337">BUSINESSES THAT WILL ACTUALLY>

< start="7371.597" dur="3.937">PAY THE PAYROLL.>

< start="7372.598" dur="4.638">WE DON'T WANT INDIVIDUALS TO END>

< start="7373.799" dur="5.238">UP ON UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE.>

< start="7375.634" dur="5.139">IT'S BETTER IF THEY STAY>

< start="7377.336" dur="5.238">CONNECTED TO THEIR SAME COMPANY.>

< start="7379.137" dur="5.773">THERE'S A UNIQUE NEW PROPOSAL>

< start="7380.873" dur="6.039">THAT WILL SAY A SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="7382.674" dur="6.574">CAN GO TO ANY BANK RAPIDLY TO BE>

< start="7385.01" dur="5.739">ABLE TO GET A LOAN THERE WHICH>

< start="7387.012" dur="5.005">WILL CONVERT INTO A GRANT IF>

< start="7389.348" dur="2.736">THEY MAINTAIN THEIR CURRENT>

< start="7390.849" dur="2.736">EMPLOYEE NUMBERS.>

< start="7392.15" dur="5.206">THAT KEEPS PEOPLE CONNECTED TO>

< start="7393.685" dur="5.873">THEIR BUSINESS AND KEEPS PEOPLE>

< start="7395.721" dur="4.337">ASSURED OF A JOB AT THE END OF>

< start="7397.456" dur="5.405">ALL OF THIS WHEN IT ALL FINISHES>

< start="7399.658" dur="4.338">IT OUT.>

< start="7400.158" dur="5.339">IT IS A GRANT PROGRAM FOR LARGER>

< start="7402.961" dur="3.971">BUSINESSES THAT'S DESIGNED TO>

< start="7404.096" dur="4.938">SAY IF YOU'RE A VERY LARGE>

< start="7405.597" dur="4.738">COMPANY, YOU'RE NOT GOING TO GET>

< start="7407.032" dur="4.905">A GRANT, YOU'RE GOING TO GET A>

< start="7409.134" dur="4.405">LOAN THROUGH THIS PROCESS.>

< start="7410.435" dur="5.339">AT THAT MOMENT YOU WILL GET A>

< start="7412.037" dur="5.239">LOAN AND IF YOU DON'T HAVE>

< start="7413.639" dur="5.138">CAPITAL OR ACCESS TO IT RIGHT>

< start="7415.874" dur="7.074">NOW BECAUSE OF WHAT IS GOING ON,>

< start="7417.376" dur="8.108">YOU COULD GET THAT.>

< start="7418.877" dur="10.678">THIS ALSO HAS A FEATURE BUILT IN>

< start="7423.048" dur="8.208">WHERE INDIVIDUALS WILL RECEIVE A>

< start="7425.584" dur="5.972">CHECK FOR $100 TO GIVE SUPPORT>

< start="7429.655" dur="3.603">TO PEOPLE ALL ACROSS THE>

< start="7431.356" dur="2.135">COUNTRY.>

< start="7431.656" dur="6.34">ALL THOSE FEATURES WERE IN THE>

< start="7433.358" dur="5.639">BILL.>

< start="7433.592" dur="6.84">THERE HAVE BEEN TWEAKS, SOME OR>

< start="7438.096" dur="3.838">DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES WANTED>

< start="7439.097" dur="4.972">CHANGES, MANY OF THOSE CHANGES>

< start="7440.532" dur="4.905">HAVE BEEN HEARD AND ADDED AND>

< start="7442.034" dur="4.004">SOME WE SAID, ABSOLUTELY NOT,>

< start="7444.169" dur="3.27">IT'S NOT CONNECTED TO COVID-19>

< start="7445.537" dur="3.037">AT ALL.>

< start="7446.138" dur="3.737">THERE ARE SOME THINGS OUR>

< start="7447.539" dur="3.37">DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES WANTED TO>

< start="7448.674" dur="3.737">MAKE SURE THEY GOT IN AND>

< start="7449.975" dur="2.736">THROUGH ALL OF THE NEGOTIATIONS>

< start="7451.009" dur="3.17">SOME OF THESE THINGS WERE>

< start="7452.511" dur="3.303">CHANGED.>

< start="7452.811" dur="3.937">FOR INSTANCE, THEY REALLY WANTED>

< start="7454.279" dur="5.105">TO MEDICARE SURE THAT ENERGY>

< start="7455.914" dur="4.705">COMPANIES COULDN'T GET ANY>

< start="7456.848" dur="5.373">SUPPORT SO THEY FOUGHT HARD TO>

< start="7459.484" dur="6.073">MAKE SURE THERE IS NO ADDITIONAL>

< start="7460.719" dur="5.639">MONEY FOR THE PRESIDENT BUYING>

< start="7462.321" dur="6.673">ADDITIONAL OIL TO PUT IN THE>

< start="7465.657" dur="4.438">STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE AT>

< start="7466.458" dur="5.139">THE LOWEST PRICE NOW SO IT WILL>

< start="7469.094" dur="4.538">ACTUALLY COST US MORE MONEY IN>

< start="7470.195" dur="5.439">THE FUTURE, BUT IT WAS THEIR>

< start="7471.697" dur="5.372">INTENTION TO SAY WE DON'T WANT>

< start="7473.732" dur="5.139">OIL COMPANIES TO GET ANY KIND OF>

< start="7475.734" dur="6.306">SUPPORT IN THIS DOWNTURN THE>

< start="7477.169" dur="6.406">THEY WANTED TO MAKE SURE THERE>

< start="7478.971" dur="6.039">WAGS GREAT TRANSPARENCY THEY SO>

< start="7482.14" dur="4.472">BUILT AN INSPECTOR GENERAL AND A>

< start="7483.675" dur="3.204">BUNCH OF DIFFERENT PEOPLE TO>

< start="7485.11" dur="4.438">WATCH THE TREASURY THROUGH THE>

< start="7486.712" dur="4.538">PROCESS.>

< start="7486.979" dur="6.439">THEY PUT IN A NEAT FEATURE THAT>

< start="7489.648" dur="5.372">THEY DEMANDED AND THAT WAS NO>

< start="7491.35" dur="6.206">SON OR DAUGHTER OR FAMILY MEMBER>

< start="7493.518" dur="6.34">OR ANY INDIVIDUAL THAT WORKS>

< start="7495.12" dur="7.374">WITH THE PRESIDENCY OR VICE>

< start="7497.656" dur="6.84">PRESIDENCY OR THE CONGRESS COULD>

< start="7499.958" dur="5.139">GET ANY OF THE GRANT -- NOT THE>

< start="7502.594" dur="4.038">GRANT PROGRAMS, BUT THE LOAN>

< start="7504.596" dur="4.338">PROGRAMS.>

< start="7505.197" dur="5.072">NO SON-IN-LAW COULD GET THAT.>

< start="7506.732" dur="4.604">I WONDER WHO THAT COULD BE>

< start="7509.034" dur="3.303">TARGETED TOWARDS.>

< start="7510.369" dur="3.503">A PARTICULAR SON-IN-LAW THAT>

< start="7511.436" dur="4.104">MIGHT BE THERE.>

< start="7512.437" dur="4.672">LITERALLY A LOT OF THIS FIGHT>

< start="7513.972" dur="4.538">THAT WE'VE HAD OVER THE LAST>

< start="7515.64" dur="4.672">THREE DAYS IS BECAUSE THEY WERE>

< start="7517.209" dur="4.538">DEMANDING THAT THERE WAS NO WAY>

< start="7518.61" dur="4.738">THAT THE PRESIDENT OR ANY OF HIS>

< start="7520.412" dur="4.171">FAMILY COULD GET ANY KIND OF>

< start="7521.847" dur="7.207">LOAN OR BENEFIT FROM THIS LOAN>

< start="7523.448" dur="8.509">AT ALL.>

< start="7524.683" dur="8.408">SO WE SPENT THREE DAYS -- THREE>

< start="7529.154" dur="6.44">DAYS OF DELAY BECAUSE THEY HAD>

< start="7532.057" dur="4.471">SOME ADDITIONAL DEMANDS FOR SOME>

< start="7533.191" dur="4.939">THINGS THEY WANTED TO DO,>

< start="7535.694" dur="3.871">SIGNIFICANTLY TARGETED A LOT OF>

< start="7536.628" dur="3.237">THE PRESIDENT AND HIS FAMILY.>

< start="7538.23" dur="2.135">I UNDERSTAND THEY DON'T LIKE THE>

< start="7539.665" dur="3.203">PRESIDENT.>

< start="7539.965" dur="5.405">I GET THAT.>

< start="7540.465" dur="7.341">WE WANT TO DO EVERYTHING WE CAN>

< start="7542.968" dur="6.206">TO BE ABLE TO PROTECT THE>

< start="7545.47" dur="4.872">WORKERS, THAT'S WHY WE PUT IN>

< start="7547.906" dur="3.237">THE WORK AND THE BIPARTISAN WORK>

< start="7549.274" dur="3.771">TO GET IT DONE.>

< start="7550.442" dur="4.171">IT'S DONE NOW.>

< start="7551.243" dur="6.006">LET'S GET IT GOING.>

< start="7553.145" dur="6.039">OUR ENCOURAGEMENT IS TO HAVE THE>

< start="7554.713" dur="5.505">HOUSE FINISH IT UP AS QUICKLY AS>

< start="7557.349" dur="4.271">POSSIBLE AND BE ABLE TO GET THE>

< start="7559.284" dur="3.703">SUPPORT TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.>

< start="7560.318" dur="4.438">WHAT'S BEEN INTERESTING, THOUGH,>

< start="7561.72" dur="5.239">IS IN THE SPEECHES THAT I HEARD>

< start="7563.087" dur="4.973">ON THE FLOOR TODAY FROM MY>

< start="7564.856" dur="4.739">COLLEAGUES AND FROM MANY>

< start="7567.059" dur="4.538">INDIVIDUALS IN RELEASES THAT>

< start="7568.16" dur="5.071">I'VE SEEN IS FOLKS HAVE>

< start="7569.695" dur="4.938">MENTIONED THEIR PRAYER, THEY>

< start="7571.697" dur="4.971">HAVE MENTIONED WITH GOD'S HELP>

< start="7573.331" dur="4.605">WE'RE GOING TO GET THROUGH THIS,>

< start="7574.733" dur="5.739">THEY HAVE MENTIONED THE STRUGGLE>

< start="7576.768" dur="5.105">THAT WE'RE GOING THROUGH AS A>

< start="7578.036" dur="4.972">NATION AND HOW WE'RE PRAYING FOR>

< start="7580.572" dur="10.377">EACH OTHER AND IT KEEPS>

< start="7581.973" dur="9.377">REMINDING ME OF SOMETHING.>

< start="7583.108" dur="12.112">IT'S A VERY OLD SOLEMN,>

< start="7591.049" dur="6.273">SOLEMN21.>

< start="7591.45" dur="8.208">WHEN THE JEWS WOULD COME INTO>

< start="7595.32" dur="6.54">JERUSALEM, THEY WOULD SING SONGS>

< start="7597.422" dur="5.573">OF ASCENT AS THEY CAME OFF THE>

< start="7599.758" dur="6.673">EASTERN HILLS AND START RISING>

< start="7601.96" dur="5.773">UP TOWARDS JERSEY LUM.>

< start="7603.095" dur="6.773">THE CONGRESS THEY WOULD SING IS>

< start="7606.531" dur="5.506">PERTINENT, IT READS, I LIFT UP>

< start="7607.833" dur="6.172">MY EYES TO THE MOUNTAINS.>

< start="7609.968" dur="9.143">WHERE DOES MY HELP COME FROM?>

< start="7612.137" dur="9.476">I REMEMBER THE MOUNTAINS HERE IS>

< start="7614.105" dur="8.943">THE CAPITAL CITY JERUSALEM, IT>

< start="7619.211" dur="6.206">IS THE SEED OF GOVERNMENT OF>

< start="7621.713" dur="4.905">WORSHIP FOR THEM.>

< start="7623.148" dur="5.472">THEY WOULD SING, I LIFT UP MY>

< start="7625.517" dur="5.439">EYES TO THE MOUNTAINS.>

< start="7626.718" dur="7.174">WHERE DOES MY HELP COME FROM?>

< start="7628.72" dur="8.609">MY HELP COMES FROM THE LORD, THE>

< start="7631.056" dur="9.71">MAKER OF HEAVEN AND EARTH.>

< start="7633.992" dur="8.442">HE WILL NOT LET YOUR FOOT SLIP.>

< start="7637.429" dur="6.673">HE WHO WATCHES OVER ISRAEL WILL>

< start="7640.866" dur="5.338">NEITHER SLUMBER OR SLEEP.>

< start="7642.534" dur="5.005">THE LORD WATCHES OVER YOU.>

< start="7644.202" dur="4.939">THE SUN WILL NOT HARM YOU BY DAY>

< start="7646.304" dur="3.137">NOR THE MOON BY NIGHT.>

< start="7647.639" dur="3.337">THE LORD WILL KEEP YOU FROM>

< start="7649.241" dur="3.737">HARM.>

< start="7649.541" dur="6.173">HE WILL WATCH OVER YOU.>

< start="7651.076" dur="5.339">THE LORD WILL WATCH OVER YOUR>

< start="7653.078" dur="4.538">COMING AND GOING BOTH NOW AND>

< start="7655.814" dur="4.872">FOREVER MORE.>

< start="7656.515" dur="8.508">IT'S INTERESTING TO ME THAT THE>

< start="7657.716" dur="10.644">PEOPLE WOULD COME IN, MARCHING>

< start="7660.786" dur="8.775">INTO JERUSALEM, THE SEED OF>

< start="7665.123" dur="6.74">GOVERNMENT SINGING, I LIFT UP MY>

< start="7668.46" dur="4.638">EYES TO THE MOUNTAIN.>

< start="7669.661" dur="5.772">WHERE DOES MY HELP COME FROM?>

< start="7671.963" dur="5.072">MY HELP COMES FROM THE LORD.>

< start="7673.198" dur="5.305">OF ALL OF THE THINGS GOING ON IN>

< start="7675.533" dur="4.705">WASHINGTON, D.C., RIGHT NOW, YOU>

< start="7677.135" dur="5.205">WILL HEAR PEOPLE REPEATING OVER>

< start="7678.603" dur="5.573">AND OVER AGAIN, OUR HOPE IS NOT>

< start="7680.338" dur="5.439">IN GOVERNMENT, OUR HOPE IS NOT>

< start="7682.44" dur="5.973">IN HOW MUCH MONEY WE CAN SPEND.>

< start="7684.276" dur="8.442">WE UNDERSTAND FULL WELL WHEN WE>

< start="7685.877" dur="8.943">LIFT UP OUR EYES TO THE>

< start="7688.513" dur="8.642">MOUNTAIN, TO THIS BILL HILL, WE>

< start="7692.818" dur="7.173">KNOW WHERE OUR HELP COMES FROM.>

< start="7694.92" dur="6.273">OUR HELP COMES FROM THE LORD AND>

< start="7697.255" dur="47.715">WE'RE GRATEFUL HE NEITHER>

< start="7700.091" dur="45.846">SLUMBERS NOR SLEEPS.>

< start="7701.293" dur="45.979">WITH THAT I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="7745.07" dur="4.204">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="7746.037" dur="5.473">SENATOR FROM ARKANSAS.>

< start="7747.372" dur="6.64">MR. COTTON: THE DEADLY>

< start="7749.374" dur="6.44">CORONAVIRUS THAT EMERGED FROM>

< start="7751.61" dur="6.339">CHINA LATE LAST YEAR SPREAD>

< start="7754.112" dur="5.673">ACROSS THE GLOBE.>

< start="7755.914" dur="6.907">THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY>

< start="7758.049" dur="7.575">DECEIVED THE WORLD AND EVEN>

< start="7759.885" dur="6.773">THEIR OWN PEOPLE AND UNLEASHED>

< start="7762.921" dur="5.839">THE WORST PANDEMIC IN A CENTURY>

< start="7765.724" dur="6.173">UPON US ALL.>

< start="7766.758" dur="7.541">NOW IT FALLS ON US TO DEFEAT IT.>

< start="7768.86" dur="6.974">HERE AT HOME A STRANGE AND>

< start="7771.997" dur="5.972">UNSETTLING HUSH HAS FALLEN OVER>

< start="7774.399" dur="4.338">THE COUNTRY AS BUSINESSES CLOSE>

< start="7775.934" dur="4.705">AND MILLIONS OF AMERICANS BRACE>

< start="7778.102" dur="4.339">FOR WHAT'S TO COME.>

< start="7778.837" dur="6.807">IN NEW YORK, SEATTLE, NEW>

< start="7780.739" dur="5.138">ORLEANS, AND ELSEWHERE>

< start="7782.541" dur="7.44">PREPARATION FOR THE VIRUS HAS>

< start="7785.744" dur="6.073">ENDED.>

< start="7785.978" dur="8.775">THE VIRUS HAS ARRIVED IN FORCE.>

< start="7790.081" dur="8.609">THE URGENT BATTLE TO SUPPRESS IT>

< start="7791.917" dur="8.108">HAS BEGUN.>

< start="7794.853" dur="6.773">IN EMERGENCY ROOMS AND I.C.U.'S>

< start="7798.79" dur="4.772">COURAGEOUS DOCTORS AND NURSES>

< start="7800.125" dur="5.839">ARE LOCKED IN A BATTLE TO SAVE>

< start="7801.726" dur="6.474">THE LIVES OF THEIR PATIENTS.>

< start="7803.662" dur="6.139">PROTECTIVE GEAR IS IN SHORT>

< start="7806.064" dur="4.738">SUPPLY, BUT THEIR REGARD FOR>

< start="7808.3" dur="6.406">SAFETY AND EVEN FAMILY COMES>

< start="7809.901" dur="6.206">SECOND TO THEIR DUTY.>

< start="7810.902" dur="7.608">THE DAYS AHEAD WILL BE A>

< start="7814.806" dur="6.34">CLOSE-RUN THING IN THOSE CITIES>

< start="7816.207" dur="10.311">AS THEY STRUGGLE TO KEEP THEIR>

< start="7818.61" dur="10.944">HOSPITALS OPEN AND FUNCTIONING.>

< start="7821.246" dur="10.243">BUT MAKE NO MISTAKE, THE CHINA>

< start="7826.618" dur="8.075">VIRUS WILL SPARE NONE OF US.>

< start="7829.654" dur="6.774">THE -- FROM THE HIGH RISES OF>

< start="7831.589" dur="6.941">THE BIG CITIES TO THE HILLS OF>

< start="7834.793" dur="5.939">THE OZARKS.>

< start="7836.528" dur="5.439">SOON THE SENATE WILL FINALLY>

< start="7838.63" dur="5.272">PASS DESPERATELY NEEDED>

< start="7840.832" dur="4.104">EMERGENCY LEGISLATION FOR OUR>

< start="7842.067" dur="4.805">NATION, INCLUDING A MASSIVE>

< start="7844.002" dur="6.607">INFUSION OF FUNDS TO OUR HEALTH>

< start="7845.037" dur="5.972">CARE SYSTEM.>

< start="7846.972" dur="9.376">BUT THIS LEGISLATION ISN'T ABOUT>

< start="7850.709" dur="7.674">STIMULUS.>

< start="7851.109" dur="8.709">IT'S ABOUT SURVIVAL.>

< start="7856.448" dur="4.571">WITH THIS LEGISLATION BEHIND US,>

< start="7858.483" dur="4.471">AMERICANS ARE BEGINNING TO ASK,>

< start="7859.918" dur="4.438">WHAT'S NEXT?>

< start="7861.119" dur="6.439">YES, THE VIRUS IS TESTING US>

< start="7863.054" dur="7.741">ALREADY AND IT HAS ALREADY>

< start="7864.456" dur="7.974">TOUCHED MOST OF US BY CLOSING>

< start="7867.658" dur="6.674">OUR CHURCHES, SHUTTERING OUR>

< start="7870.895" dur="6.073">BUSINESSES AND THREATENING THE>

< start="7872.53" dur="6.907">JOBS AND RETIREMENT SAVINGS OF>

< start="7874.432" dur="6.74">MILLIONS OF AMERICANS AND, OF>

< start="7877.068" dur="6.407">COURSE, THREATENING OUR LIVES.>

< start="7879.537" dur="6.073">IT'S ONLY NATURAL THAT SO MANY>

< start="7881.272" dur="7.074">ARE WONDERING ANXIOUSLY WHEN AND>

< start="7883.575" dur="6.173">HOW THIS UNPRECEDENTED CRISIS>

< start="7885.71" dur="6.44">WILL END AND WHEN IT ENDS WILL>

< start="7888.446" dur="3.971">THEIR JOBS STILL BE THERE?>

< start="7889.848" dur="5.072">HOW WILL THEY PUT FOOD ON THE>

< start="7892.283" dur="4.372">TABLE?>

< start="7892.517" dur="7.641">HOW WILL THEY PAY THE BILLS?>

< start="7895.02" dur="6.072">AMERICANS WANT TO KNOW THE PLAN>

< start="7896.755" dur="9.476">SO THEY CAN DO THEIR PART.>

< start="7900.258" dur="8.008">MORE FUNDAMENTALLY THEY WANT TO>

< start="7901.192" dur="10.678">KNOW THAT THERE IS A PLAN.>

< start="7906.331" dur="5.873">COMBINED WITH WORRY ABOUT THE>

< start="7908.366" dur="5.639">FUTURE NATURALLY BREEDS>

< start="7911.97" dur="5.072">FRUSTRATION.>

< start="7912.304" dur="8.575">WE ARE CITIZENS, AFTER ALL, NOT>

< start="7914.105" dur="8.309">MERELY PASSIVE CARRIERS OF A>

< start="7917.142" dur="8.275">DEADLY PATHOGEN.>

< start="7920.979" dur="6.106">THIS FRUSTRATION HAS GIVEN RISE>

< start="7922.514" dur="6.273">TO A NEW AND GROWING ARGUMENT>

< start="7925.517" dur="4.304">THAT AMERICANS CAN'T WAIT ANY>

< start="7927.185" dur="3.437">LONGER THAT WE OUGHT TO OPEN>

< start="7928.887" dur="5.439">BACK UP AND TAKE OUR CHANCES>

< start="7929.921" dur="5.539">WITH THIS VIRUS.>

< start="7930.722" dur="5.839">AFTER ALL, WE CAN'T STAY INSIDE>

< start="7934.426" dur="4.971">FOR EVERY.>

< start="7935.56" dur="5.973"> -- FOREVER.>

< start="7936.661" dur="5.139">WE CAN'T, AS THE SAYING GOES,>

< start="7939.497" dur="3.637">LET THE CURE BE WORSE THAN THE>

< start="7941.633" dur="3.904">DISEASE.>

< start="7941.9" dur="4.137">THE EMERGENCY TO STAVE OFF>

< start="7943.234" dur="4.305">ECONOMIC COLLAPSE IS, OF COURSE,>

< start="7945.637" dur="3.704">UNDERSTANDABLE.>

< start="7946.137" dur="5.039">AND IT'S TEMPTING TO THINK THAT>

< start="7947.639" dur="5.038">WE FACE A SIMPLE CHOICE BETWEEN>

< start="7949.441" dur="6.74">SHUTTING DOWN TO FIGHT THE VIRUS>

< start="7951.276" dur="8.308">AND OPENING UP TO SAVE THE>

< start="7952.777" dur="8.309">ECONOMY.>

< start="7956.281" dur="7.674">BUT A CHOICE IS NOT SO SIMPLE.>

< start="7959.684" dur="5.806">SOME THOUGHTFUL OBSERVERS NOTE>

< start="7961.186" dur="5.906">THAT THE SEASONAL FLU, AN>

< start="7964.055" dur="5.472">AUTOMOBILE -- AND AUTOMOBILE>

< start="7965.59" dur="6.407">ACCIDENTS KILL MORE AMERICANS>

< start="7967.192" dur="7.107">ANNUALLY THAN HAS THIS VIRUS.>

< start="7969.627" dur="6.307">THAT'S TRUE AS FAR AS IT GOES.>

< start="7972.097" dur="8.775">BUT WE'RE JUST AT THE BEGINNING>

< start="7974.399" dur="7.874">OF THIS PANDEMIC.>

< start="7976.034" dur="7.874">AND I HAVE TO ADD THE JAVITS>

< start="7980.972" dur="5.806">CENTER IN NEW YORK CITY HAS>

< start="7982.373" dur="6.674">NEVER BEEN CONVERTED INTO A>

< start="7984.008" dur="6.574">FIELD HOSPITAL FOR THE FLU AND>

< start="7986.878" dur="5.639">CAR WRECKS.>

< start="7989.147" dur="5.138">GRANTING THAT, SOME SAY, PERHAPS>

< start="7990.682" dur="7.407">WE CAN REOPEN IN A FEW DAYS>

< start="7992.617" dur="6.373">SINCE OUR ELDERLY ARE MOST AT>

< start="7994.385" dur="5.706">RISK FROM THIS VIRUS.>

< start="7998.189" dur="3.17">QUARANTINE THEM.>

< start="7999.09" dur="3.704">KEEP THEM SAFE, THE ARGUMENT>

< start="8000.191" dur="6.907">GOES WHILE THE REST OF US GET>

< start="8001.459" dur="8.409">BACK TO WORK.>

< start="8002.894" dur="8.008">BUT THERE ARE 72 MILLION>

< start="8007.198" dur="6.306">AMERICANS OVER THE AGE OF 60 IN>

< start="8009.968" dur="5.672">THIS COUNTRY.>

< start="8011.002" dur="5.205">MANY OF THEM RAISE CHILDREN,>

< start="8013.604" dur="5.44">LIVE ALONE, OR WORK OUTSIDE THE>

< start="8015.74" dur="5.506">HOME.>

< start="8016.307" dur="7.241">THEY CAN'T WALL THEMSELVES OFF>

< start="8019.144" dur="6.873">FROM THE WORLD, NOR SHOULD WE>

< start="8021.346" dur="4.738">WALL THEM IN.>

< start="8023.648" dur="3.437">MOREOVER, TENS OF MILLIONS OF>

< start="8026.15" dur="6.14">YOUNGER AMERICANS HAVE>

< start="8027.185" dur="5.372">PREEXISTING CONDITIONS THAT PUT>

< start="8029.12" dur="5.372">THEM AT ELEVATED RISK FROM THIS>

< start="8032.39" dur="4.505">VIRUS.>

< start="8032.657" dur="5.639">ARE WE TO QUARANTINE ALL OF>

< start="8034.592" dur="4.772">THEM, TOO?>

< start="8036.995" dur="4.404">BECAUSE EVEN YOUNGER AND>

< start="8038.396" dur="5.406">HEALTHIER AMERICANS ARE NOT SAFE>

< start="8039.464" dur="7.541">FROM THIS PANDEMIC.>

< start="8041.499" dur="5.773">THE CHINA VIRUS ATTACKS THE>

< start="8043.902" dur="5.105">LUNGS OF THE YOUNG AND THE OLD>

< start="8047.105" dur="5.138">ALIKE.>

< start="8047.372" dur="8.108">OF THE CASES WE KNOW ABOUT, THE>

< start="8049.107" dur="6.673">VIRUS APPEARS TO SEND ABOUT ONE>

< start="8052.343" dur="5.106">IN SEVEN YOUNGER PEOPLE TO THE>

< start="8055.58" dur="3.97">HOSPITAL.>

< start="8055.88" dur="5.673">IT'S TRUE THAT SURVIVAL RATES>

< start="8057.549" dur="6.773">FOR YOUNGER PATIENTS ARE BETTER,>

< start="8059.65" dur="4.939">BUT EVEN THEIR RECOVERY DEPENDS>

< start="8061.653" dur="5.138">ON A FUNCTIONING HEALTH CARE>

< start="8064.422" dur="4.538">SYSTEM.>

< start="8064.689" dur="7.274">IF WE GIVE UP ON OUR EFFORTS TO>

< start="8066.891" dur="6.874">CONTROL THIS VIRUS NOW, OUR>

< start="8069.06" dur="7.775">MEDICAL SYSTEM WILL BE>

< start="8072.063" dur="7.641">OVERWHELMED.>

< start="8073.865" dur="7.674">HOSPITALS WILL COLLAPSE.>

< start="8076.935" dur="7.574">CARE WILL BE RATIONED.>

< start="8079.804" dur="7.041">DOCTORS WILL FACE THE TERRIBLE>

< start="8081.639" dur="7.308">CHOICE OF WHOM TO SAVE AND WHOM>

< start="8084.609" dur="7.107">TO LET PERISH.>

< start="8086.945" dur="6.373">AND NOT JUST FOR PATIENTS OF>

< start="8089.047" dur="5.972">THIS VIRUS, FOR EVERY AMERICAN>

< start="8091.816" dur="7.007">WHO NEEDS INTENSIVE CARE,>

< start="8093.418" dur="7.107">WHETHER FROM HEART ATTACK OR>

< start="8095.119" dur="7.308">STROKE OR CAR WRECK OR ANYTHING>

< start="8098.923" dur="4.572">ELSE.>

< start="8100.625" dur="6.507">BESIDES IF LEFT UNCHECKED, THIS>

< start="8102.527" dur="7.007">DEADLY VIRUS WILL CONTINUE TO>

< start="8103.595" dur="6.873">WRECK OUR ECONOMY AS SURELY AS>

< start="8107.232" dur="6.106">IT HAS ALREADY.>

< start="8109.634" dur="5.873">IT WASN'T PRESIDENT TRUMP WHO>

< start="8110.568" dur="6.907">SHUT DOWN BUSINESSES, AFTER ALL.>

< start="8113.438" dur="8.975">AND IT REALLY WASN'T EVEN>

< start="8115.607" dur="7.44">GOVERNORS AND MAYORS, THOUGH>

< start="8117.575" dur="10.11">THEY ISSUED THE ORDERS.>

< start="8122.513" dur="6.707">GOVERNMENT-ENFORCED CLOSURES>

< start="8123.147" dur="7.708">WERE LARGELY A REAR GUARD ACTION>

< start="8127.785" dur="5.506">BY COMMUNITIES WHO ADD ALREADY>

< start="8129.32" dur="5.739">GROUND TO A HALT DUE TO THE>

< start="8130.955" dur="7.274">VIRUS OR THAT SOON WOULD HAVE>

< start="8133.391" dur="8.008">COME TO A WRENCHING STOP IN THE>

< start="8135.159" dur="9.076">TEETH OF THE PANDEMIC.>

< start="8138.329" dur="9.41">WHO AMONG US WOULD TAKE OUR KIDS>

< start="8141.499" dur="8.509">TO A RESTAURANT TOMORROW IF WE>

< start="8144.335" dur="7.875">OPENED BACK UP?>

< start="8147.839" dur="5.539">OUR ECONOMY ISN'T SEIZED UP>

< start="8150.108" dur="6.473">BECAUSE OF GOVERNMENT DICTATES>

< start="8152.31" dur="6.206">BUT RATHER BECAUSE OUR PEOPLE>

< start="8153.478" dur="6.373">ARE UNDERSTANDABLY FEARFUL OF A>

< start="8156.681" dur="4.605">DANGEROUS VIRUS.>

< start="8158.616" dur="5.572">SO AN IMMEDIATE REOPENING>

< start="8159.951" dur="4.504">WITHOUT THE RESOURCES IN PLACE>

< start="8161.386" dur="5.138">TO FIGHT THE VIRUS ISN'T AN>

< start="8164.288" dur="2.57">OPTION.>

< start="8164.555" dur="3.938">OUR HOSPITALS WOULD BE>

< start="8166.624" dur="3.337">OVERWHELMED.>

< start="8166.958" dur="4.938">OUR BRAVE DOCTORS AND NURSES>

< start="8168.593" dur="5.606">WOULD SUCCUMB TO THE ILLNESS.>

< start="8170.061" dur="6.206">OUR BUSINESSES WOULD KEEP THEIR>

< start="8171.996" dur="7.474">DOORS CLOSED OR WOULD QUICKLY>

< start="8174.299" dur="5.438">CLOSE THEIR DOORS AGAIN AS>

< start="8176.367" dur="4.638">WORKERS AND CUSTOMERS STAYED>

< start="8179.57" dur="3.404">AWAY.>

< start="8179.837" dur="5.339">THE SUPPOSED CHOICE BETWEEN>

< start="8181.105" dur="7.274">SAVING THE ECONOMY AND FIGHTING>

< start="8183.074" dur="6.84">THE VIRUS TURNS OUT NOT TO BE>

< start="8185.276" dur="6.707">MUCH OF A CHOICE AT ALL.>

< start="8188.479" dur="5.606">WE CAN'T YET STOP THE STRONG>

< start="8190.014" dur="6.006">MEASURES THAT ARE IN PLACE>

< start="8192.083" dur="6.14">BECAUSE WE HAVE NO BETTER OPTION>

< start="8194.185" dur="4.305">IN THE SHORT RUN.>

< start="8196.12" dur="4.505">BUT NEITHER CAN WE CONTINUE THEM>

< start="8198.323" dur="4.971">FOREVER.>

< start="8198.59" dur="7.474">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE CAN ONLY>

< start="8200.725" dur="7.841">HOLD OUT FOR SO LONG.>

< start="8203.394" dur="7.474">SO WE MUST COME UP WITH A BETTER>

< start="8206.164" dur="6.173">PLAN AND FAST.>

< start="8208.666" dur="6.073">THAT PLAN STARTS WITH THIS BIG>

< start="8210.968" dur="5.339">PAUSE AS WE PROTECT OURSELVES>

< start="8212.437" dur="6.84">AND EACH OTHER.>

< start="8214.839" dur="10.277">WE SIMPLY DON'T HAVE THE>

< start="8216.407" dur="9.476">RESOURCES TODAY TO FIGHT ANY>

< start="8219.377" dur="7.975">OTHER WAY, BUT IT WILL END WITH>

< start="8225.216" dur="4.605">THIS APPROACH.>

< start="8226.016" dur="4.872">WE MUST USE THE PRECIOUS DAYS>

< start="8227.452" dur="5.672">AND WEEKS AHEAD TO LAY THE>

< start="8229.921" dur="5.872">GROUNDWORK FOR A NEW STRATEGY TO>

< start="8230.988" dur="6.774">FIGHT THE VIRUS, A STRATEGY THAT>

< start="8233.224" dur="6.306">WILL ALLOW ALL OF US TO>

< start="8235.893" dur="5.473">GRADUALLY GET BACK TO WORK.>

< start="8237.862" dur="6.34">FOR THAT TO HAPPEN WE'LL NEED TO>

< start="8239.63" dur="5.139">SCALE UP OUR ABILITY TO RAPIDLY>

< start="8241.466" dur="5.071">TEST FOR THE VIRUS AS THEY HAVE>

< start="8244.302" dur="3.971">IN SOUTH KOREA.>

< start="8244.869" dur="6.807">SO WE HAVE A SENSE OF WHERE THE>

< start="8246.637" dur="6.741">VIRUS IS AND WHERE WE MUST KEEP>

< start="8248.373" dur="5.839">IT CONTAINED.>

< start="8251.776" dur="3.871">ALREADY AMERICA'S PUBLIC>

< start="8253.478" dur="4.638">LABORATORIES AND COMPANIES ARE>

< start="8254.312" dur="4.071">RISING TO THE CHALLENGE>

< start="8255.747" dur="4.371">PROCESSING TENS OF THOUSANDS OF>

< start="8258.216" dur="5.472">TESTS.>

< start="8258.483" dur="8.875">BUT OUR ABILITY TO TEST MUST>

< start="8260.218" dur="8.008">GROW EVEN FASTER AND IT IS.>

< start="8263.788" dur="6.173">WE'LL NEED MASKS, TOO, MILLIONS>

< start="8267.458" dur="4.371">OF THEM.>

< start="8268.326" dur="4.471">AND WE'LL NEED LOCAL PERSONNEL>

< start="8270.061" dur="5.138">TRAINED AND PREPARED TO DO>

< start="8271.929" dur="5.339">WIDESPREAD CONTACT TRACING FOR>

< start="8272.897" dur="5.973">THOSE WHO TEST POSITIVE.>

< start="8275.299" dur="5.539">WE'LL HAVE TO DEVELOP PROCEDURES>

< start="8277.368" dur="5.372">FOR STRICT QUARANTINES OF THOSE>

< start="8278.97" dur="7.941">WHO TEST POSSIBLE OR THOSE WHO>

< start="8280.938" dur="7.742">HAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO THE VIRUS>

< start="8282.84" dur="6.841">WITH ZERO TOLERANCE FOR BREAKING>

< start="8287.011" dur="4.672">QUARANTINE AND ENDANGERING OUR>

< start="8288.78" dur="4.604">FELLOW CITIZENS.>

< start="8289.781" dur="5.272">ONCE THESE ELEMENTS ARE IN PLACE>

< start="8291.783" dur="5.105">AND THE FIRST WAVE OF THIS VIRUS>

< start="8293.484" dur="7.408">IS PASSED, THEN WE'LL BE>

< start="8295.153" dur="8.141">PREPARED TO REOPEN OUR CITIES>

< start="8296.988" dur="8.342">AND COMMUNITIES WHILE REMAINING>

< start="8300.992" dur="6.406">VIGILANT BUT NEW OUTBREAKS.>

< start="8303.394" dur="5.873">THESE PREPARATIONS WILL ENSURE>

< start="8305.43" dur="6.072">WE'RE READY TO SUSTAIN OUR WAY>

< start="8307.498" dur="7.441">OF LIFE UNTIL OUR SCIENTISTS CAN>

< start="8309.367" dur="7.307">CREATE WHAT WE SO DAS SEPARATELY>

< start="8311.602" dur="6.006">NEED -- WE SO DESPERATELY NEED,>

< start="8315.039" dur="4.238">THERAPEUTIC DRUGS AND ULTIMATELY>

< start="8316.774" dur="4.738">A VACCINE.>

< start="8317.708" dur="5.272">A VACCINE MAY TAKE A YEAR OR>

< start="8319.377" dur="5.472">MORE BEFORE IT'S AVAILABLE, BUT>

< start="8321.612" dur="5.339">THESE OTHER INTERMEDIATE>

< start="8323.08" dur="5.94">PRECAUTIONS MUST GO INTO EFFECT>

< start="8324.949" dur="5.606">MUCH, MUCH FASTER.>

< start="8327.051" dur="7.641">AMERICA MUST INDEED REOPEN.>

< start="8329.12" dur="8.909">WHEN WE DO, THESE DECISIONS MUST>

< start="8330.655" dur="7.841">BE BASED ON LOCAL CONDITIONS,>

< start="8334.792" dur="6.106">NOT AN ARBITRARY NATIONWIDE>

< start="8338.129" dur="4.037">TIMELINE.>

< start="8338.596" dur="3.904">OUR GOVERNORS AND MAYORS>

< start="8340.998" dur="6.407">UNDERSTAND THEIR LOCAL>

< start="8342.266" dur="6.107">CONDITIONS.>

< start="8342.6" dur="6.974">THEY CAN MAKE GRADUAL ROLLING,>

< start="8347.505" dur="4.037">CALIBRATED DECISIONS IN A WAY>

< start="8348.473" dur="8.174">THAT IS RESPONSIBLE WHEN THE>

< start="8349.674" dur="8.608">TOOLS TO EFFECTIVELY FIGHT THIS>

< start="8351.642" dur="10.144">VIRUS ARE READY AND AVAILABLE.>

< start="8356.747" dur="7.141">WHAT I'VE OUTLINED MAY SEEM LIKE>

< start="8358.382" dur="9.176">A DAUNTING, EVEN AN IMPOSSIBLE>

< start="8361.886" dur="6.106">CHALLENGE, BUT OUR NATION HAS>

< start="8363.988" dur="5.773">OVERCOME FAR GREATER CHALLENGES>

< start="8367.658" dur="4.739">BEFORE.>

< start="8368.092" dur="6.273">ALREADY AMERICA IS RISING TO>

< start="8369.861" dur="6.84">TAKE ON THE CHINA VIRUS.>

< start="8372.497" dur="5.906">THE GIANT OF AMERICAN INDUSTRY>

< start="8374.465" dur="4.005">IS WAKENING, RETOOLING OUR>

< start="8376.801" dur="5.472">FACTORIES TO JOIN THIS FIGHT>

< start="8378.536" dur="6.54">JUST AS WE DID DURING WORLD WAR>

< start="8382.373" dur="5.606">II.>

< start="8382.974" dur="7.808">NEVER BET AGAINST AMERICA'S>

< start="8385.176" dur="8.041">WORKERS AND AMERICAN INGENUITY.>

< start="8388.079" dur="5.505">AND ALL ACROSS THIS COUNTRY>

< start="8390.882" dur="4.471">AMERICANS ARE SPRINGING INTO>

< start="8393.317" dur="3.671">ACTION.>

< start="8393.684" dur="5.072">WE KNOW THE VITAL ROLE OUR>

< start="8395.453" dur="5.072">DOCTORS AND NURSES WILL PLAY IN>

< start="8397.088" dur="6.34">THE COMING MONTHS ALONGSIDE OUR>

< start="8398.856" dur="6.974">FIRST RESPONDERS, OUR FACTORY>

< start="8400.625" dur="8.208">WORKERS AND FARMERS, OUR GROCERS>

< start="8403.528" dur="6.172">AND ON DOWN THE LIST.>

< start="8405.93" dur="5.506">ASK YOURSELF NOW HOW CAN YOU>

< start="8408.933" dur="3.971">HELP.>

< start="8409.8" dur="5.773">CAN YOU KEEP YOUR DISTANCE FROM>

< start="8411.536" dur="8.742">THOSE MOST AT RISK REALIZING>

< start="8413.004" dur="8.475">THAT THE CHINA VIRUS PREYS ON>

< start="8415.673" dur="7.441">OUR MOST EARNEST DESIRES, FOR>

< start="8420.378" dur="3.67">SOCIETY AND COMPANIONSHIP.>

< start="8421.579" dur="4.238">CAN YOU OFFER A CHARITY FOR A>

< start="8423.214" dur="3.937">FRIEND IN NEED?>

< start="8424.148" dur="4.438">CAN YOU PICK UP GROCERIES FOR>

< start="8425.917" dur="4.07">YOUR ELDERLY NEIGHBOR?>

< start="8427.251" dur="4.371">CAN YOU KEEP YOUR WORKERS ON>

< start="8428.686" dur="4.638">PAYROLL AN BENEFITS JUST A>

< start="8430.087" dur="5.706">LITTLE LONGER UNTIL OUR>

< start="8431.722" dur="4.872">LEGISLATION KICKS IN?>

< start="8433.424" dur="5.706">CAN YOU POSTPONE YOUR TENANT'S>

< start="8435.893" dur="5.873">RENT FOR A MONTH?>

< start="8436.694" dur="6.173">CAN YOU PRAY FOR DELIVERANCE OF>

< start="8439.23" dur="5.305">OUR NATION AND THE WORLD?>

< start="8441.866" dur="5.405">THESE ARE JUST A FEW OF THE>

< start="8442.967" dur="6.74">THINGS WE MUST DO AS A COUNTRY>

< start="8444.635" dur="5.305">TO MAKE REOPENING POSSIBLE AND>

< start="8447.371" dur="5.339">LIFE BEARABLE IN THE MONTHS>

< start="8449.807" dur="4.772">AHEAD.>

< start="8450.041" dur="6.706">WE'RE ALL IN THIS TOGETHER SO>

< start="8452.81" dur="8.042">WE'LL NEED TO HAVE EACH OTHER'S>

< start="8454.679" dur="7.14">BEST INTERESTS AT HEART.>

< start="8456.847" dur="7.308">MANY YEARS OF COMFORT AND EASE>

< start="8460.952" dur="7.007">HAVE PERHAPS CONDITIONED US TO>

< start="8461.919" dur="10.778">ASK ONLY WHAT WE'RE FREE TO DO,>

< start="8464.255" dur="9.876">NOT WHAT WE'RE CALLED TO DO.>

< start="8468.059" dur="7.374">THE OLD DISOPINIONS OF PERIL AND>

< start="8472.797" dur="5.972">PRIVATION THREATEN TO RETURN.>

< start="8474.231" dur="4.772">WE'LL NEED OLD NOTIONS OF DUTY>

< start="8475.533" dur="6.006">TO MAINTAIN ORDER IN THE FACE OF>

< start="8478.869" dur="5.206">THEM.>

< start="8479.103" dur="6.273">THE DARKEST DAYS OF THIS CRISIS>

< start="8481.639" dur="6.306">ARE IN ALL LIKELIHOOD STILL>

< start="8484.175" dur="7.04">AHEAD OF US.>

< start="8485.476" dur="8.342">LET US FACE UP TO THEM BRAVELY.>

< start="8488.045" dur="7.675">LET US ACKNOWLEDGE THE TROUBLES>

< start="8491.315" dur="6.24">AHEAD AND LET US DEVOTE OUR>

< start="8493.918" dur="7.975">WHOLE ENERGY TO WINNING THIS>

< start="8495.82" dur="7.14">BATTLE QUICKLY SO THAT THE>

< start="8497.655" dur="8.542">NORMAL LIFE OF OUR NATION CAN>

< start="8501.993" dur="26.092">RESUME.>

< start="8503.06" dur="25.726">MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE>

< start="8506.297" dur="23.257">FLOOR.>

< start="8528.185" dur="6.807">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="8528.887" dur="6.906">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="8529.654" dur="10.477">SENATOR FROM TEXAS.>

< start="8535.092" dur="7.842">MR. CORNYN: MR. PRESIDENT,>

< start="8535.893" dur="9.376">DURING TIMES OF DISASTER, CRISIS>

< start="8540.231" dur="6.807">OR HARDSHIP, I AM -- I NEVER>

< start="8543.034" dur="5.539">FAILED TO BE INSPIERPED BY THE>

< start="8545.369" dur="4.838">-- INSPIRED BY THE GENEROSITY OF>

< start="8547.138" dur="5.038">AMERICANS, INCLUDING FOLKS IN MY>

< start="8548.673" dur="4.905">HOME STATE OF TEXAS.>

< start="8550.307" dur="6.274">I THINK ABOUT HOW WE CAME>

< start="8552.276" dur="7.074">TOGETHER IN THE WAKE OF>

< start="8553.678" dur="7.807">HURRICANE HARVEY, TO LEAD SEARCH>

< start="8556.681" dur="7.407">AND RESCUE OPERATIONS, CLEAR>

< start="8559.45" dur="7.074">DEBRIS, AND REBUILD COMMUNITIES>

< start="8561.585" dur="6.574">AND LIVES.>

< start="8564.188" dur="6.273">WE SAW STRANGERS FORMING HUMAN>

< start="8566.624" dur="5.706">CHAINS TO RESCUE A DRIVER>

< start="8568.259" dur="6.106">TRAPPED IN A CAR.>

< start="8570.561" dur="7.408">RESTAURANTS OFFERING FREE MEALS>

< start="8572.43" dur="8.641">TO FIRST RESPONDERS.>

< start="8574.465" dur="9.443">AND A HOUSTON LEGEND KNOWN>

< start="8578.069" dur="7.707">AAFFECTIONATELY AS MATTRESS MACK>

< start="8581.171" dur="5.94">OPENING HIS FURNITURE STORES FOR>

< start="8584.008" dur="5.205">THOSE WHO NEEDED SHELTER.>

< start="8585.876" dur="8.075">ONE VOLUNTEER SAID I'VE MET MORE>

< start="8587.211" dur="7.207">OF MY NEIGHBORS IN THE LAST 24>

< start="8589.313" dur="6.373">HOURS THAN I HAVE IN THE LAST 20>

< start="8594.051" dur="3.404">YEARS.>

< start="8594.518" dur="5.706">WELL, THESE HEART WARMING>

< start="8595.786" dur="6.841">STORIES OF TEXANS LENDING A HAND>

< start="8597.555" dur="6.706">TO ONE ANOTHER ARE A SOURCE OF>

< start="8600.324" dur="5.773">COMFORT, EVEN DURING THE>

< start="8602.727" dur="4.804">TOUGHEST TIMES.>

< start="8604.361" dur="5.906">RIGHT NOW WHEN EXTENDING A>

< start="8606.197" dur="7.274">PHYSICAL HAND IS ONE OF THE>

< start="8607.631" dur="8.242">WORST THINGS YOU CAN DO BECAUSE>

< start="8610.367" dur="7.074">IT VIOLATES SOCIAL DISTANCING>

< start="8613.571" dur="5.172">RULES, THERE'S TIL PLENTY OF>

< start="8615.973" dur="3.904">NEIGHBORS -- THERE'S STILL>

< start="8617.541" dur="3.971">PLENTY OF NEIGHBORS HELPING>

< start="8618.843" dur="4.871">THEIR NEIGHBORS.>

< start="8619.977" dur="5.939">FOLKS IN TEXAS LIKE AROUND THE>

< start="8621.612" dur="6.607">COUNTRY ARE STAYING HOME TO KEEP>

< start="8623.814" dur="7.942">THEMSELVES AND THEIR NEIGHBORS>

< start="8626.016" dur="6.007">SAFE, AND WE'RE SEEING NEW AND>

< start="8628.319" dur="7.241">CREATIVE MEANS OF SUPPORTING ONE>

< start="8631.856" dur="6.506">ANOTHER.>

< start="8632.123" dur="8.074">FOR EXAMPLE, A NUMBER OFTILRIES>

< start="8635.66" dur="6.706">ACROSS -- OF DISTILLERIES ACROSS>

< start="8638.462" dur="4.238">THE STATE HAVE SWITCHED FROM>

< start="8640.297" dur="4.872">MAKING VODKA OR WHISKEY TO HAND>

< start="8642.466" dur="4.205">SANITIZER.>

< start="8642.8" dur="5.272">WITH DEMANDS SURGING AND HAND>

< start="8645.269" dur="5.005">SANITIZER IN SHORT SUPPLY, MORE>

< start="8646.771" dur="6.139">AND MORE HOSPITALS ARE>

< start="8648.172" dur="9.076">STRUGGLING TO KEEP IT IN STOCK>

< start="8650.374" dur="9.676">AND THESE DISTILLERIES ARE>

< start="8653.01" dur="9.51">STEPPING UP TO FILL THE VOID.>

< start="8657.348" dur="11.178">JONATHAN LOCKRIDGE IS THE>

< start="8660.15" dur="10.478">HEADTILRY AND COFOUNDER OF THE>

< start="8662.62" dur="10.544">EN ROUTE REPUBLICTILRY IN >

< start="8668.626" dur="4.771">DENSON, TEXAS AND THEY SAID THEY>

< start="8670.728" dur="4.271">GOT A CALL ASKING IF THEY COULD>

< start="8673.264" dur="4.004">HELP.>

< start="8673.498" dur="8.241">OF COURSE HE SAID YES.>

< start="8675.099" dur="8.475">BUT BUSINESSES LIKE THIS AREN'T>

< start="8677.368" dur="8.342">ALONE.>

< start="8681.839" dur="5.272">H.E.B., A GROCERY CHAIN, HAS>

< start="8683.674" dur="7.408">TAKEN STEPS TO MAKE SHOPPING>

< start="8685.81" dur="7.307">EASIER FOR SENIORS WHO ARE AT>

< start="8687.211" dur="5.973">MOST RISK IF THEY CONTRACT THE>

< start="8691.182" dur="4.204">CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="8693.25" dur="6.14">H.B.P. PARTNERED TO TAKE GROCERY>

< start="8695.486" dur="5.806">DELIVERY, A SERVICE MANY>

< start="8697.655" dur="3.937">AMERICANS ALREADY UTILIZE AND>

< start="8699.49" dur="3.237">MAKE IT MORE ACCESSIBLE TO>

< start="8701.392" dur="2.536">SENIORS.>

< start="8701.692" dur="3.404">THEY COULD PICK UP THE PHONE,>

< start="8702.827" dur="4.337">PLACE AN ORDER, AND HAVE>

< start="8704.028" dur="4.438">EVERYTHING THEY NEED DELIVERED>

< start="8705.196" dur="5.672">TO THEIR FRONT DOOR WITHIN A FEW>

< start="8707.264" dur="5.473">HOURS, ALL WITHOUT HAVING TO>

< start="8708.566" dur="6.106">LEAVE HOME.>

< start="8710.968" dur="6.774">WE'VE ALSO SEEN OTHER>

< start="8712.837" dur="5.272">ORGANIZATIONS WORKING TO ADAPT>

< start="8714.772" dur="5.205">TO THESE CHALLENGING>

< start="8717.842" dur="3.536">CIRCUMSTANCES.>

< start="8718.209" dur="6.773">THE BOYS AND GIRLS CLUB OF>

< start="8720.077" dur="6.54">GREATER HOUSTON PARTNERED WITH>

< start="8721.478" dur="7.341">THE HOUSTON FOOD BANK TO OPEN A>

< start="8725.082" dur="5.472">DRIVE-THRU PANTRY.>

< start="8726.717" dur="7.141">FAMILIES CAN GET A WHOLE WEEK'S>

< start="8728.919" dur="7.208">WORTH OF HEALTHY MEALS WITHOUT>

< start="8730.654" dur="7.875">EVER STEPPING OUT OF THE CAR.>

< start="8733.958" dur="6.072">OF COURSE, IT'S NOT JUST>

< start="8736.227" dur="6.907">BUSINESSES AND ORGANIZATIONS WHO>

< start="8738.629" dur="8.709">ARE HELPING OUT.>

< start="8740.13" dur="8.643">PEOPLE ARE HELPING OTHER PEOPLE.>

< start="8743.234" dur="7.641">PEOPLE ARE DONATING BLOOD TO>

< start="8747.438" dur="5.272">ALLEVIATE THE CRITICAL SHORTAGE>

< start="8748.873" dur="7.641">THAT HOSPITALS ARE FACING.>

< start="8750.975" dur="7.741">AND ALL OF US SHOULD CONSIDER IF>

< start="8752.81" dur="7.44">WE CAN DONATING BLOOD.>

< start="8756.614" dur="5.539">THEY'RE LEAVING NOTE IN>

< start="8758.816" dur="3.704">NEIGHBORS' MAILBOXES OFFERING TO>

< start="8760.35" dur="5.173">RUN ERRANDS AND PICK UP>

< start="8762.253" dur="6.039">SUPPLIES.>

< start="8762.62" dur="8.875">ON SOCIAL MEDIA SCHOOL TEACHERS>

< start="8765.623" dur="7.507">THAT ARE AT HOME ARE OFFERING TO>

< start="8768.392" dur="6.84">HELP PARENTS WITH THEIR MATH,>

< start="8771.595" dur="5.839">SCIENCE, OR OTHER SUBJECTS THAT>

< start="8773.23" dur="7.141">THEY MAY BE STRUGGLING TO TEACH>

< start="8775.332" dur="7.775">THEIR KIDS WHILE THEY'RE AT HOME>

< start="8777.534" dur="8.709">AND NOT AT SCHOOL.>

< start="8780.471" dur="8.308">NEIGHBORS HELPING NEIGHBORS,>

< start="8783.207" dur="6.873">FRIENDS HELPING STRANGERS,>

< start="8786.343" dur="6.173">TEXANS HELPING TEXANS.>

< start="8788.879" dur="5.839">THAT'S ONE THING I LOVE ABOUT>

< start="8790.18" dur="7.742">THIS GREAT COUNTRY.>

< start="8792.616" dur="7.675">OUR COMMUNITIES ALWAYS JUMP INTO>

< start="8794.818" dur="8.776">ACTION TO HELP ANY WAY THEY CAN.>

< start="8798.022" dur="8.241">THEY DO WHAT IT TAKES TO SURVIVE>

< start="8800.391" dur="9.309">A CRISIS AND KEEP ONE ANOTHER>

< start="8803.694" dur="7.407">SAFE AND HEALTHY UNTIL WE EMERGE>

< start="8806.363" dur="8.142">ON THE OTHER SIDE.>

< start="8809.8" dur="6.807">MR. PRESIDENT, IT'S TIME FOR THE>

< start="8811.201" dur="7.008">SENATE TO DO ITS PART.>

< start="8814.605" dur="6.406">THERE'S BEEN NO EVENT IN MY>

< start="8816.707" dur="7.307">LIFETIME THAT HAS HAD THIS BIG>

< start="8818.309" dur="7.541">AN IMPACT ON THE PHYSICAL AND>

< start="8821.111" dur="9.143">ECONOMIC HEALTH OF OUR COUNTRY.>

< start="8824.114" dur="8.676">EVERY DAY WE LEARN ABOUT MORE>

< start="8825.95" dur="7.174">NEW CASES, RISING UNEMPLOYMENT,>

< start="8830.354" dur="4.738">AND UNPRECEDENTED MARKET>

< start="8832.89" dur="5.872">VOLATILITY.>

< start="8833.224" dur="8.408">WE HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO ACT>

< start="8835.192" dur="8.075">AND TO ACT QUICKLY IN RESPONSE>

< start="8838.862" dur="5.606">TO THIS DUELING CRISIS.>

< start="8841.732" dur="5.305">ALREADY WE WERE ABLE TO WORK AND>

< start="8843.367" dur="5.205">SEND TWO BILLS TO THE>

< start="8844.568" dur="5.372">PRESIDENT'S DESK FOR SIGNATURE.>

< start="8847.137" dur="4.305">THE FIRST SENT VITAL SUPPORT TO>

< start="8848.672" dur="4.838">HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS AND>

< start="8850.04" dur="4.872">FIRST RESPONDERS WHO ARE DOING>

< start="8851.542" dur="5.672">EVERYTHING THEY CAN TO TREAT>

< start="8853.61" dur="6.14">PATIENTS AND PREPARE FOR MORE>

< start="8855.012" dur="8.342">CASES.>

< start="8857.314" dur="7.675">WE ALSO PROVIDED INITIAL FUNDING>

< start="8859.85" dur="9.276">FOR DEVELOPMENT OF A VACCINE,>

< start="8863.454" dur="8.074">CLINICAL TRIALS, AND MORE>

< start="8865.089" dur="7.274">DIAGNOSTIC TESTS.>

< start="8869.226" dur="4.505">THE SECOND BILL WE PASSED>

< start="8871.628" dur="3.504">FOCUSED MORE ON THE SMALL>

< start="8872.463" dur="3.069">BUSINESSES AND THE INDIVIDUAL>

< start="8873.831" dur="3.003">WORKERS WHO ARE IMPACTED>

< start="8875.232" dur="3.003">ECONOMICALLY.>

< start="8875.632" dur="3.971">IT INCLUDED CHANGES IN>

< start="8876.934" dur="5.172">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE SO THAT>

< start="8878.335" dur="7.174">THOSE WHO FIND THEMSELVES OUT OF>

< start="8879.703" dur="8.008">A JOB CAN PROMPTLY TAKE>

< start="8882.206" dur="6.54">ADVANTAGE OF THESE BENEFITS.>

< start="8885.609" dur="4.305">AND MADE PAID SICK AND FAMILY>

< start="8887.811" dur="4.405">LEAVE AVAILABLE FOR WORKERS>

< start="8888.846" dur="4.671">IMPACTED BY THE VIRUS.>

< start="8890.014" dur="4.938">THAT'S WHAT WE DID IN THESE>

< start="8892.316" dur="4.137">FIRST TWO BILLS.>

< start="8893.617" dur="4.905">WERE THEY PERFECT?>

< start="8895.052" dur="4.972">WELL, NO.>

< start="8896.553" dur="5.773">THE SECOND BILL IN PARTICULAR>

< start="8898.622" dur="5.072">FELL SHORT IN A NUMBER OF AREAS.>

< start="8900.124" dur="6.206">IT WAS LARGELY NEGOTIATED BY>

< start="8902.426" dur="6.974">SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY>

< start="8903.794" dur="7.241">MNUCHIN AND SPEAKER PELOSI.>

< start="8906.43" dur="5.873">BUT WE DECIDED THAT IN THE>

< start="8909.5" dur="2.87">INTEREST OF THE GREATER GOOD AND>

< start="8911.135" dur="2.903">THE COUNTRY AND THE PEOPLE WHO>

< start="8912.436" dur="6.406">WERE HURTING DURING THIS CRISIS,>

< start="8914.138" dur="6.239">THAT WE IN THE SENATE WOULD PASS>

< start="8916.54" dur="5.472">IT EXPEDITIOUSLY.>

< start="8918.942" dur="4.105">AS THE SAYING GOES, YOU CAN'T>

< start="8920.477" dur="4.638">LET THE PERFECT BE THE ENEMY OF>

< start="8922.112" dur="5.806">THE GOOD.>

< start="8923.147" dur="6.473">WE ACTED QUICKLY TO GET BOTH>

< start="8925.215" dur="8.609">BILLS TO THE PRESIDENT'S DESK,>

< start="8928.018" dur="7.908">BECAUSE THE CIRCUMSTANCES>

< start="8929.72" dur="7.274">DEMANDED IT.>

< start="8933.924" dur="5.539">SADLY, OVER THE LAST FEW DAYS,>

< start="8936.026" dur="5.406">OUR COLLEAGUES ON THE OTHER SIDE>

< start="8937.094" dur="7.674">OF THE AISLE HAVE BEEN OBLIVIOUS>

< start="8939.563" dur="7.174">TO THE SENSE OF URGENCY THAT>

< start="8941.532" dur="7.741">EVERY OTHER AMERICAN SEEMS TO>

< start="8944.868" dur="5.706">UNDERSTAND.>

< start="8946.837" dur="5.672">AFTER THE ORIGINAL INTENSE>

< start="8949.373" dur="4.538">BIPARTISAN NEGOTIATIONS, WE WERE>

< start="8950.674" dur="5.539">FINALIZING A THIRD RELIEF BILL>

< start="8952.609" dur="3.904">WHICH INCLUDED BY DEFINITION>

< start="8954.011" dur="3.837">IDEAS FROM BOTH REPUBLICANS AND>

< start="8956.313" dur="4.638">DEMOCRATS.>

< start="8956.613" dur="7.141">WE WERE OPTIMISTIC THAT WE WOULD>

< start="8957.948" dur="7.708">BE ABLE TO TAKE UP AND PASS THE>

< start="8961.051" dur="6.907">BILL ON SUNDAY, OR AT LEAST GET>

< start="8963.854" dur="5.806">IT STARTED AND PASS THE BILL ON>

< start="8965.756" dur="5.071">MONDAY, BUT CLEARLY THAT DIDN'T>

< start="8968.058" dur="5.372">HAPPEN.>

< start="8969.76" dur="8.008">OUR DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES>

< start="8970.927" dur="10.445">BLOCKED US FROM EVEN DEBATING>

< start="8973.53" dur="9.677">THE BILL, NOT ONCE BUT TWICE.>

< start="8977.868" dur="7.307">THE MINORITY LEADER SAID THE>

< start="8981.472" dur="4.17">BILL, WHICH HIS MEMBERS HAD>

< start="8983.307" dur="3.87">HELPED WRITE, WASN'T GOOD>

< start="8985.275" dur="4.205">ENOUGH.>

< start="8985.742" dur="4.905">HE SPENT THE NEXT THREE DAYS>

< start="8987.277" dur="6.34">TRYING TO CHANGE THE BILL TO>

< start="8989.58" dur="6.072">INCLUDE PROVISIONS THAT HE>

< start="8990.747" dur="6.173">THOUGHT WERE MORE IMPORTANT>

< start="8993.717" dur="5.706">PRIORITIES DURING A NATIONAL>

< start="8995.752" dur="7.008">EMERGENCY.>

< start="8997.02" dur="6.707">THINGS LIKE TAX CREDITS FOR>

< start="8999.523" dur="5.138">SOLAR PANELS AND TIGHTER>

< start="9002.86" dur="2.869">EMISSIONS STANDARDS FOR>

< start="9003.827" dur="4.505">AIRLINES, PROPOSALS THAT HAVE>

< start="9004.761" dur="7.008">ABSOLUTELY NOTHING TO DO WITH>

< start="9005.829" dur="7.775">THIS CRISIS.>

< start="9008.432" dur="6.74">AFTER A FEW INCREDULOUS DAYS,>

< start="9011.869" dur="5.272">AMERICA WOKE UP TO THE NEWS>

< start="9013.704" dur="5.839">TODAY THAT OUR DEMOCRATIC>

< start="9015.272" dur="6.573">COLLEAGUES ARE FINALLY READY TO>

< start="9017.241" dur="4.871">STOP THIS POSTURING AND THIS>

< start="9019.643" dur="4.972">OBSTRUCTION AND TO GET THIS JOB>

< start="9021.945" dur="6.073">DONE.>

< start="9022.212" dur="8.609">AFTER BLOCKING THIS BILL TWICE>

< start="9024.715" dur="8.542">AND HOLDING UP THIS EMERGENCY>

< start="9028.118" dur="5.572">LIFELINE, HERE'S WHAT THE>

< start="9030.921" dur="5.305">MINORITY LEADER CLAIMS IS A>

< start="9033.357" dur="4.471">VICTORY.>

< start="9033.79" dur="6.073">HE SAYS THE DEMOCRATS EXPANDED>

< start="9036.326" dur="6.307">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE TO HELP>

< start="9037.928" dur="6.039">LAID OFF WORKERS AND THOSE WHO>

< start="9039.963" dur="5.039">ARE SELF-EMPLOYED, BUT,>

< start="9042.733" dur="4.171">MR. PRESIDENT, AS WE ALL KNOW,>

< start="9044.067" dur="5.573">THAT WAS ALREADY PART OF THE>

< start="9045.102" dur="5.072">BILL THAT HAD BEEN NEGOTIATED>

< start="9047.004" dur="4.571">BETWEEN DEMOCRATS AND>

< start="9049.74" dur="5.072">REPUBLICANS.>

< start="9050.274" dur="5.672">THEN THE MINORITY LEADER SAID>

< start="9051.675" dur="5.205">AMERICANS WILL GET DIRECT AID,>

< start="9054.912" dur="4.804">BUT WE HAVE BEEN TALKING ABOUT>

< start="9056.046" dur="6.24">THAT FOR WEEKS.>

< start="9056.98" dur="7.475">THAT WAS PART OF THE BILL THAT>

< start="9059.816" dur="6.24">DEMOCRATS BLOCKED TWICE.>

< start="9062.386" dur="4.972">AND LET'S GET THIS -- LET'S BE>

< start="9064.555" dur="5.071">CLEAR ABOUT THIS.>

< start="9066.156" dur="6.006">HERE WE ARE, MEMBERS OF THE>

< start="9067.458" dur="7.007">UNITED STATES CONGRESS, GETTING>

< start="9069.726" dur="7.174">A PAYCHECK, AND THEY HAVE THE>

< start="9072.262" dur="6.106">TEMERITY TO BLOCK TWO TIMES>

< start="9074.565" dur="6.74">EMERGENCY AID TO PEOPLE WHO>

< start="9077" dur="6.34">AREN'T -- WHO HAVE NO INCOME AT>

< start="9078.468" dur="6.474">ALL THROUGH NO FAULT OF THEIR>

< start="9081.405" dur="5.605">OWN?>

< start="9083.44" dur="5.205">IT'S OUTRAGEOUS.>

< start="9085.042" dur="5.839">THEN THE MINORITY LEADER SAID HE>

< start="9087.11" dur="6.84">SECURED UNPRECEDENTED AID FOR>

< start="9088.745" dur="7.174">AMERICA'S HOSPITALS, BUT AS IT>

< start="9090.981" dur="8.675">TURNS OUT THAT WAS PART OF THE>

< start="9094.05" dur="8.476">BILL DEMOCRATS BLOCKED TWICE.>

< start="9096.019" dur="7.775">IT WAS THE SUBJECT OF BIPARTISAN>

< start="9099.756" dur="8.876">NEGOTIATIONS, AND WE THOUGHT A>

< start="9102.626" dur="7.307">CONSENSUS.>

< start="9103.894" dur="7.975">WELL, THE BILL THAT DEMOCRATS>

< start="9108.732" dur="4.438">BLOCKED TWICE WAS A BIPARTISAN>

< start="9110.033" dur="4.805">BILL TO BEGIN WITH.>

< start="9111.969" dur="4.804">DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS WORKED>

< start="9113.27" dur="5.105">TOGETHER AND AGREED TO EACH OF>

< start="9114.938" dur="5.039">THESE POINTS BEFORE THE FIRST>

< start="9116.873" dur="5.106">VOTES WERE CAST.>

< start="9118.475" dur="4.371">THE MINORITY LEADER'S MEMBERS>

< start="9120.077" dur="4.805">HAD SPENT COUNTLESS HOURS>

< start="9122.079" dur="5.572">NEGOTIATING WITH REPUBLICANS.>

< start="9122.946" dur="7.208">THAT'S HOW YOU GET THINGS DONE.>

< start="9124.982" dur="7.574">BUT THEN HE SINGLE-HANDEDLY>

< start="9127.751" dur="7.241">TRIES TO TAKE CREDIT FOR THE>

< start="9130.254" dur="6.339">WORK THAT THEY HAVE DONE.>

< start="9132.656" dur="5.138">FOR DAYS, DEMOCRATS NEEDLESSLY>

< start="9135.092" dur="4.671">BLOCKED A BILL THAT WOULD HAVE>

< start="9136.693" dur="4.204">BOLSTERED OUR FIGHT TO DEFEAT>

< start="9137.894" dur="7.875">THIS VIRUS AND PROTECTED OUR>

< start="9139.863" dur="7.808">ECONOMY IN THE PROCESS.>

< start="9140.997" dur="8.209">I AM ABSOLUTELY ANGRY THAT THEY>

< start="9145.869" dur="6.307">CHOSE TO WASTE SO MUCH VALUABLE>

< start="9147.771" dur="7.941">TIME WHEN THERE ARE SO MANY>

< start="9149.306" dur="9.042">DIFFERENT PEOPLE IN NEED, BUT I>

< start="9152.276" dur="7.374">AM ALSO RELIEVED THAT THEY>

< start="9155.812" dur="6.173">FINALLY AGREED TO QUIT PLAYING>

< start="9158.448" dur="5.606">THEIR PARTISAN GAMES SO WE CAN>

< start="9159.75" dur="5.138">VOTE ON THIS LEGISLATION TODAY.>

< start="9162.085" dur="5.539">THIS BILL SENDS DESPERATELY>

< start="9164.154" dur="4.872">NEEDED FUNDING TO HOSPITALS THAT>

< start="9164.988" dur="5.639">ARE STRUGGLING TO MANAGE AN>

< start="9167.724" dur="5.072">INFLUX OF PATIENTS AND HELPS>

< start="9169.126" dur="4.838">FIGHT THE SHORTAGE OF MASKS AND>

< start="9170.727" dur="6.006">OTHER PERSONAL PROTECTIVE>

< start="9172.896" dur="6.974">EQUIPMENT, ONE OF THE PRIORITIES>

< start="9174.064" dur="6.974">MY GOVERNOR HAD MENTIONED TO ME.>

< start="9176.833" dur="6.707">IT PROVIDES THE DIRECT FINANCIAL>

< start="9179.97" dur="5.505">ASSISTANCE THAT WAS ALREADY IN>

< start="9181.138" dur="7.24">THE TWO BILLS THAT OUR>

< start="9183.64" dur="7.207">DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUE BLOCKED.>

< start="9185.575" dur="6.54">A FAMILY OF FOUR WILL RECEIVE UP>

< start="9188.478" dur="5.639">TO $3,400 UNDER THIS>

< start="9190.947" dur="5.473">LEGISLATION, WHICH WILL GO A>

< start="9192.215" dur="5.84">LONG WAY TO THROWING THAT>

< start="9194.217" dur="5.139">LIFELINE TO THEM AND COVER THEIR>

< start="9196.52" dur="5.372">RENT, GROCERIES, ELECTRIC BILLS,>

< start="9198.155" dur="5.005">AND OTHER EXPENSES UNTIL THEY>

< start="9199.456" dur="6.006">CAN MAKE OTHER ARRANGEMENTS,>

< start="9201.992" dur="4.371">LIKE APPLY FOR UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="9203.26" dur="4.371">INSURANCE UNDER OUR BEEFED UP>

< start="9205.562" dur="3.437">PROVISIONS.>

< start="9206.463" dur="3.904">THIS LEGISLATION WILL ALSO>

< start="9207.731" dur="4.972">PROVIDE RELIEF FOR SMALL>

< start="9209.099" dur="5.272">BUSINESSES THAT ARE STRUGGLING>

< start="9210.467" dur="6.24">TO STAY AFLOAT.>

< start="9212.803" dur="4.504">MANY OF THESE BUSINESSES THAT>

< start="9214.471" dur="4.571">HAD TO SHUT -- HAVE HAD TO SHUT>

< start="9216.807" dur="3.87">DOWN BECAUSE THEY HAVE BEEN>

< start="9217.408" dur="5.805">ORDERED BY THE GOVERNMENT TO DO>

< start="9219.142" dur="5.706">SO, AND NOW THEY NEED SOME HELP>

< start="9220.777" dur="5.206">TO MAKE SURE THAT THE JOBS THEY>

< start="9223.313" dur="6.006">CURRENTLY PROVIDE WILL STILL BE>

< start="9224.948" dur="6.106">AVAILABLE WHEN WE GET TO THE>

< start="9226.083" dur="7.707">OTHER SIDE OF THIS CRISIS.>

< start="9229.419" dur="6.64">AND PARTICULARLY WE NEED TO MAKE>

< start="9231.154" dur="6.307">SURE THAT THE EMPLOYEES THEY>

< start="9233.89" dur="8.342">DEPEND ON AND WILL DEPEND ON IN>

< start="9236.159" dur="7.341">THE FUTURE WILL STILL BE THERE>

< start="9237.561" dur="8.975">WHEN THEY REOPEN THEIR DOORS.>

< start="9242.332" dur="7.608">BOTH THE PHYSICAL AND ECONOMIC>

< start="9243.6" dur="7.841">HEALTH OF OUR COUNTRY IN CRISIS,>

< start="9246.636" dur="6.641">THIS BOLD LEGISLATION IS OUR>

< start="9250.04" dur="6.54">BEST PATH FORWARD.>

< start="9251.541" dur="6.34">I APPRECIATE THE WORK THAT'S>

< start="9253.377" dur="7.741">BEEN DONE BY SO MANY AROUND THE>

< start="9256.68" dur="6.54">CLOCK FOR THE BETTER PART OF THE>

< start="9257.981" dur="8.676">PAST WEEK TO GET THIS BILL>

< start="9261.218" dur="7.574">FINALLY TO THE FLOOR, AND I LOOK>

< start="9263.32" dur="7.574">FORWARD TO SUPPORTING IT SO THAT>

< start="9266.757" dur="5.672">MY CONSTITUENTS, THE 29 MILLION>

< start="9268.892" dur="5.139">PEOPLE THAT CALL TEXAS HOME WILL>

< start="9270.994" dur="4.238">GET HELP AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.>

< start="9272.529" dur="4.772">AS WE PREPARE TO PASS THIS>

< start="9274.131" dur="5.472">LEGISLATION AND SEND IT TO THE>

< start="9275.332" dur="5.539">HOUSE, I URGE THEM TO ACT>

< start="9277.401" dur="5.371">QUICKLY, BUT YOU MAY RECALL,>

< start="9279.703" dur="5.105">MR. PRESIDENT, IT WAS SPEAKER>

< start="9280.971" dur="8.308">PELOSI WHO FLEW BACK INTO TOWN>

< start="9282.872" dur="8.81">AFTER A WEEK-LONG RECESS,>

< start="9284.908" dur="7.041">DROPPED AN 1,100-PAGE BILL AND>

< start="9289.379" dur="5.039">MADE ALL THESE OUTRAGEOUS NEW>

< start="9291.782" dur="6.406">DEMANDS.>

< start="9292.049" dur="8.04">CLEARING OUT THEIR PARTISAN OR>

< start="9294.518" dur="7.24">IDEOLOGICAL OUTBOX OR WISH LIST.>

< start="9298.288" dur="6.407">WELL, INCREDIBLY, NOW THAT THERE>

< start="9300.189" dur="5.64">HAS BEEN AN AGREEMENT HERE IN>

< start="9301.858" dur="5.739">THE SENATE WITH THE>

< start="9304.795" dur="4.805">ADMINISTRATION, SPEAKER PELOSI>

< start="9305.929" dur="5.005">HASN'T EVEN CALLED THE HOUSE>

< start="9307.697" dur="6.34">BACK INTO SESSION.>

< start="9309.7" dur="6.272">AS A MATTER OF FACT, THEY HAD>

< start="9311.034" dur="6.674">A -- THEY GAVELED IN SESSION AND>

< start="9314.137" dur="4.071">OUT OF SESSION TODAY, AND THEY>

< start="9316.072" dur="5.439">WON'T BE BACK IN SESSION UNTIL>

< start="9317.808" dur="4.003">TOMORROW.>

< start="9318.308" dur="4.605">SPEAKER PELOSI HAS A HUGE>

< start="9321.611" dur="3.737">CHALLENGE.>

< start="9321.911" dur="5.206">UNLESS SHE CAN GET UNANIMOUS>

< start="9323.013" dur="6.306">CONSENT TO PASS A $2 TRILLION>

< start="9325.448" dur="7.341">BILL THROUGH THE HOUSE, SHE MAY>

< start="9327.217" dur="6.306">WELL HAVE TO CALL BACK INTO>

< start="9329.419" dur="6.907">SESSION THE ENTIRE HOUSE OF>

< start="9332.889" dur="5.873">REPRESENTATIVES.>

< start="9333.623" dur="6.874">WITH RESTRICTED FLIGHTS BECAUSE>

< start="9336.426" dur="5.773">OF THE LACK OF DEMAND AND THE>

< start="9338.862" dur="4.738">COST CUTTING THAT AIRLINES ARE>

< start="9340.597" dur="4.638">GOING THROUGH WITH THE CONCERNS>

< start="9342.299" dur="4.738">ABOUT PEOPLE SHELTERING IN>

< start="9343.7" dur="5.439">PLACE, MAINTAINING SOCIAL>

< start="9345.335" dur="5.839">DISTANCE AND GOOD HYGIENE TO>

< start="9347.137" dur="7.441">STOP THE SPREAD OF THIS VIRUS,>

< start="9349.239" dur="6.773">SPEAKER PELOSI HAS CREATED A>

< start="9351.274" dur="5.906">TERRIBLE PROBLEM FOR HERSELF.>

< start="9354.678" dur="3.804">BUT MORE IMPORTANTLY, SHE HAS>

< start="9356.112" dur="6.14">CREATED EVEN MORE OF A PROBLEM>

< start="9357.28" dur="6.607">FOR THE REST OF THE COUNTRY>

< start="9358.582" dur="6.807">BECAUSE WE NEED TO GET THIS>

< start="9362.352" dur="4.471">PASSED OUT OF THE SENATE TODAY>

< start="9363.987" dur="4.438">AND OUT OF THE HOUSE AND TO THE>

< start="9365.489" dur="6.106">PRESIDENT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.>

< start="9366.923" dur="6.273">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE>

< start="9368.525" dur="6.874">DEPENDING ON US TO RESPOND>

< start="9371.695" dur="8.776">RESPONSIBLY IN A BIPARTISAN WAY>

< start="9373.296" dur="7.175">DURING AN EMERGENCY LIKE THIS,>

< start="9375.499" dur="4.972">AND WE CANNOT LET THEM DOWN.>

< start="10100.923" dur="3.938">MRS. BLACKBURN: MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="10101.858" dur="4.571">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="10102.491" dur="4.472">SENATOR FROM TENNESSEE.>

< start="10104.961" dur="3.336">MRS. BLACKBURN: ARE WE IN A>

< start="10106.529" dur="3.47">QUORUM CALL?>

< start="10107.063" dur="4.271">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: NO.>

< start="10108.397" dur="4.772">MRS. BLACKBURN: WE ARE NOT.>

< start="10110.099" dur="4.738">THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="10111.434" dur="6.84">YOU KNOW, I HAVE TO SAY LAST>

< start="10113.269" dur="9.61">NIGHT WAS AN UNUSUALLY LATE>

< start="10114.937" dur="10.544">NIGHT HERE IN WASHINGTON AND WE>

< start="10118.374" dur="7.407">WERE ALL IMPATIENT, OUR STAFF>

< start="10122.979" dur="4.337">WAS IMPATIENT, AND THE PRESS WAS>

< start="10125.581" dur="5.406">IMPATIENT.>

< start="10125.881" dur="9.31">AND AS WE TALKED TO PEOPLE>

< start="10127.416" dur="9.11">ACROSS THE STATE, WHAT WE>

< start="10131.087" dur="8.508">REALIZED WAS THEY'VE LONG BEEN>

< start="10135.291" dur="8.008">RUNNING OUT OF PATIENCE.>

< start="10136.626" dur="9.676">I TALKED ABOUT IT FOR SOME TIME>

< start="10139.695" dur="9.31">ON THE FLOOR BUT FOR THE HOURLY>

< start="10143.399" dur="8.242">WORKER, FACTORY WORKER,>

< start="10146.402" dur="7.808">SONGWRITER, GIG WORKER, THEY'VE>

< start="10149.105" dur="7.007">BEEN TELLING ME THEY ARE RUNNING>

< start="10151.741" dur="6.039">OUT OF TIME AND THEY HAVE JUST>

< start="10154.31" dur="3.737">BEEN REALLY ANXIOUS FOR WHAT WAS>

< start="10156.212" dur="4.671">GOING TO COME ABOUT OUT OF THIS>

< start="10157.88" dur="5.172">CHAMBER.>

< start="10158.147" dur="7.141">AND I KNOW THAT IN THE DAYS AND>

< start="10160.983" dur="6.273">WEEKS AHEAD, AS WE WORK THROUGH>

< start="10163.152" dur="6.006">GETTING RELIEF TO COMMUNITIES>

< start="10165.388" dur="4.738">AND INDIVIDUALS AND SMALL>

< start="10167.356" dur="6.506">BUSINESS OWNERS AND LARGE>

< start="10169.258" dur="6.674">COMPANIES, THAT THERE'S GOING TO>

< start="10170.226" dur="7.574">BE A LOT OF BLAME THAT IS GOING>

< start="10173.962" dur="5.64">TO BE THROWN AROUND.>

< start="10176.032" dur="5.272">THERE ARE GOING TO BE SOME THAT>

< start="10177.9" dur="6.006">ARE GOING TO BLAME POLITICIANS.>

< start="10179.702" dur="4.671">THERE ARE OTHERS THAT ARE GOING>

< start="10181.404" dur="5.005">TO BLAME THE WAY THE ECONOMY IS>

< start="10184.006" dur="5.005">STRUCTURED.>

< start="10184.473" dur="4.805">THERE ARE OTHERS STILL WHO ARE>

< start="10186.509" dur="7.674">GOING TO BLAME THE HEALTH CARE>

< start="10189.111" dur="7.808">SYSTEM.>

< start="10189.378" dur="10.778">BUT I WILL TELL YOU I THINK THAT>

< start="10194.283" dur="10.311">THERE IS A NECESSITY TO HAVE A>

< start="10197.019" dur="11.979">DISCUSSION ABOUT WHY WE DO HAVE>

< start="10200.256" dur="10.877">THIS CURRENT CRISIS, AND IT IS>

< start="10204.694" dur="8.174">BECAUSE OF THE LEADERSHIP OF THE>

< start="10209.098" dur="5.339">CHINESE GOVERNMENT, THE PEOPLE'S>

< start="10211.233" dur="5.973">REPUBLIC OF CHINA.>

< start="10212.968" dur="6.707">THAT LEADERSHIP IN BEIJING.>

< start="10214.537" dur="7.24">AND WE HAVE GONE ROUND AND ROUND>

< start="10217.306" dur="6.907">WITH ACTIVISTS AND MEDIA ON THE>

< start="10219.775" dur="7.742">POINT AND I SHOULDN'T HAVE TO>

< start="10221.877" dur="10.244">POINT OUT THAT WHEN WE SAY THAT>

< start="10224.313" dur="10.044">CHINA IS TO BLAME FOR THE SPREAD>

< start="10227.617" dur="11.678">OF THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS THAT WE>

< start="10232.221" dur="8.976">CALL COVID-19, WE DO NOT MEAN>

< start="10234.457" dur="8.975">THE CHINESE PEOPLE AS A WHOLE,>

< start="10239.395" dur="4.872">BUT YET WE HAVE SOME THAT DO NOT>

< start="10241.297" dur="4.938">WANT TO SAY THIS IS WHERE IT>

< start="10243.532" dur="6.006">CAME FROM.>

< start="10244.367" dur="9.242">I THINK WE SHOULD STOP THAT AND>

< start="10246.335" dur="10.044">WE SHOULD MOVE FORWARD WITH>

< start="10249.638" dur="8.609">DECISIONS BASED ON FACT, WITH>

< start="10253.709" dur="6.14">DECISIONS THAT ARE BASED ON>

< start="10256.479" dur="6.673">DATA, AND WE NEED TO BEGIN TO>

< start="10258.347" dur="5.906">COLLECT THOSE FACTS AND TO>

< start="10259.949" dur="8.075">COLLECT THAT DATA AS IT PERTAINS>

< start="10263.252" dur="6.073">TO THIS DISEASE.>

< start="10264.353" dur="8.275">THIS IS HOW WE GET TO THE>

< start="10268.124" dur="7.541">ANTIVIRALS, THIS IS HOW WE GET>

< start="10269.425" dur="10.31">TO HAVING A VACCINE, AND IT'S>

< start="10272.728" dur="9.076">HOW WE LOOK AT LESSONS LEARNED>

< start="10275.765" dur="8.642">SO THAT WE DON'T GO BACK THROUGH>

< start="10279.835" dur="5.906">THIS AGAIN, SO THAT WE PLAN TO>

< start="10281.904" dur="4.07">TACKLE SOME OF THE UNEXPECTED>

< start="10284.507" dur="3.236">OCCURRENCES THAT WILL COME OUR>

< start="10285.841" dur="6.44">WAY.>

< start="10286.075" dur="8.975">AND AS WE TALK ABOUT FACTS, WE>

< start="10287.843" dur="10.01">DO KNOW THAT COVID-19 ORIGINATED>

< start="10292.381" dur="8.142">IN WUHAN, CHINA.>

< start="10295.15" dur="5.74">FROM THERE IT SPREAD RAPIDLY AND>

< start="10297.953" dur="5.973">IT HAS HAD DEVASTATING>

< start="10300.623" dur="5.639">CONSEQUENCES.>

< start="10300.99" dur="7.507">THE ECONOMY IS CRUMBLING.>

< start="10304.026" dur="6.373">WE'RE WORKING DESPERATELY TO>

< start="10306.362" dur="5.706">SHORE IT UP.>

< start="10308.597" dur="6.44">INNOCENT PEOPLE HAVE BEEN IN THE>

< start="10310.499" dur="6.407">HOSPITAL OR SICK.>

< start="10312.168" dur="7.841">I TALKED TO ONE TENNESSEAN THIS>

< start="10315.137" dur="5.139">MORNING WHO SAID, I'M HAPPY TO>

< start="10317.006" dur="6.139">REPORT MY HUSBAND IS COMING BACK>

< start="10320.109" dur="8.174">AROUND.>

< start="10320.376" dur="9.609">HE HAS BEEN SUFFERING FOR THE>

< start="10323.245" dur="8.342">LAST MANY DAYS WITH COVID-19.>

< start="10328.383" dur="4.906">WE'VE GOT WORLD -- THE WORLD'S>

< start="10330.085" dur="7.174">HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS, AND>

< start="10331.687" dur="5.906">WHAT ARE THEY DOING?>

< start="10333.389" dur="9.643">THEY ARE WORKING TO THE POINT OF>

< start="10337.359" dur="9.376">EXHAUSTION.>

< start="10337.693" dur="11.545">AND WHAT YOU HAVE IS BEIJING'S>

< start="10343.132" dur="6.84">RECKLESS COMMUNIST DOGMA AND>

< start="10346.835" dur="5.273">THEY ARE TRYING TO BLAME>

< start="10349.338" dur="5.172">EVERYBODY ELSE.>

< start="10350.072" dur="7.107">AND TODAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE>

< start="10352.208" dur="9.309">FORWARD WITH THE RESCUE PACKAGE.>

< start="10354.61" dur="6.974">THIS IS THE PHASE THREE PACKAGE.>

< start="10357.279" dur="4.605">IT IS THE FOURTH TRANCHE OF>

< start="10361.65" dur="3.404">MONEY.>

< start="10361.984" dur="5.706">I'M INCLUDING IN THAT THE>

< start="10363.752" dur="6.107">PRESIDENT'S EMERGENCY>

< start="10365.154" dur="5.072">DECLARATION, WHICH PUT ABOUT>

< start="10367.79" dur="4.671">$50 BILLION TOWARDS FIGHTING>

< start="10369.959" dur="5.305">THIS.>

< start="10370.326" dur="7.14">AND AS WE DO THIS AND AS WE SAY>

< start="10372.561" dur="7.308">WHAT IS OUR WAY FORWARD ON -- ON>

< start="10375.364" dur="7.908">ADDRESSING THIS, WHAT WE HAVE DO>

< start="10377.566" dur="6.941">IS REALIZE THAT OUR RELATIONSHIP>

< start="10379.969" dur="6.773">WITH CHINA IS GOING TO NEED TO>

< start="10383.372" dur="7.241">CHANGE AND CHANGE FOR THE>

< start="10384.607" dur="8.108">BETTER.>

< start="10386.842" dur="8.241">THERE IS NO DENYING THAT THE WAY>

< start="10390.713" dur="5.072">THEY HAVE CONDUCTED THEMSELVES>

< start="10392.815" dur="5.305">HAS PUT THAT RELATIONSHIP ON>

< start="10395.183" dur="8.076">DANGEROUS GROUND.>

< start="10395.885" dur="8.875">AND TODAY I INVITE MY COLLEAGUES>

< start="10398.22" dur="8.776">TO SUPPORT THE BICAMERAL SENATE>

< start="10403.359" dur="5.138">RESOLUTION 553 AND ACKNOWLEDGE>

< start="10404.86" dur="7.274">THAT BEIJING INTENTIONALLY>

< start="10407.096" dur="7.141">SPREAD MISINFORMATION TO>

< start="10408.597" dur="8.909">DOWNPLAY THE SEVERITY OF>

< start="10412.234" dur="6.207">COVID-19 AND BASELESSLY DENIED>

< start="10414.337" dur="7.407">THE RISK OF PERSON-TO-PERSON>

< start="10417.606" dur="4.839">TRANSMISSION OF THE DISEASE.>

< start="10418.541" dur="5.338">THEY REFUSED TO COOPERATE WITH>

< start="10421.844" dur="2.302">INTERNATIONAL HEALTH>

< start="10422.545" dur="4.037">AUTHORITIES, INCLUDING THE>

< start="10423.979" dur="4.505">C.D.C.>

< start="10424.246" dur="5.472">DURING THE EARLY DAYS OF THE>

< start="10426.682" dur="4.271">OUTBREAK, THEY CENSORED DOCTORS>

< start="10428.584" dur="4.738">AND JOURNALISTS.>

< start="10429.818" dur="5.773">WE ALL REMEMBER WHAT HAPPENED>

< start="10431.053" dur="7.241">WITH THE LATE DR. LI WHEN HE>

< start="10433.422" dur="8.342">TRIED TO GIVE US THE WARNINGS,>

< start="10435.691" dur="9.376">AND ON TOP OF EVERYTHING ELSE,>

< start="10438.394" dur="7.14">THEY MALICIOUSLY IGNORED THE>

< start="10441.864" dur="5.939">HEALTH AND SAFETY OF ETHNIC>

< start="10445.167" dur="2.903">MINORITIES.>

< start="10445.634" dur="3.537">MR. PRESIDENT, THIS IS THE EASY>

< start="10447.903" dur="5.005">PART.>

< start="10448.17" dur="7.775">THE FACTS ARE THERE.>

< start="10449.271" dur="9.977">ALL WE HAVE TO DO IS ACKNOWLEDGE>

< start="10453.008" dur="8.476">THE FACTS THAT ARE THERE AND USE>

< start="10456.045" dur="6.639">THIS AS A BEGINNING BECAUSE THIS>

< start="10459.348" dur="5.772">RESOLUTION IS, AS I SAID, IT'S>

< start="10461.617" dur="6.64">BICAMERAL, IT IS BIPARTISAN IN>

< start="10462.784" dur="8.476">THE HOUSE, AND WE HAVE NO REASON>

< start="10465.22" dur="9.243">NOT TO PUSH IT FORWARD AND SEND>

< start="10468.357" dur="6.406">THE MESSAGE THAT WE REALIZE WHAT>

< start="10471.36" dur="7.141">HAPPENED TO CAUSE A GLOBAL>

< start="10474.563" dur="7.441">PANDEMIC.>

< start="10474.863" dur="8.909">AND AFTER WE ACKNOWLEDGE>

< start="10478.601" dur="7.007">BEIJING'S GROSS MALFEASANCE,>

< start="10482.104" dur="5.806">WE'RE GOING TO ADJUST THE WAY WE>

< start="10483.872" dur="5.473">THINK ABOUT CHINA IN THE CONTEXT>

< start="10485.708" dur="5.305">OF THE ECONOMY, OF OUR NATIONAL>

< start="10488.01" dur="3.37">DEFENSE, TECHNOLOGY, HUMAN>

< start="10489.445" dur="4.337">RIGHTS, AND PHARMACEUTICAL>

< start="10491.113" dur="6.006">MANUFACTURING.>

< start="10491.48" dur="7.408">WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT IT, THE>

< start="10493.882" dur="7.508">FACT THAT BEIJING INTENTIONALLY>

< start="10497.219" dur="5.039">DOWNPLAYED THE DEADLY NATURE OF>

< start="10498.988" dur="6.573">COVID-19 SHOULD COME AS NO>

< start="10501.49" dur="10.077">SURPRISE.>

< start="10502.358" dur="12.879">FOR DECADES -- DECADES CHINA HAS>

< start="10505.661" dur="11.879">MADE A BUSINESS -- IT HAS BEEN>

< start="10511.667" dur="6.874">THEIR BUSINESS TO SEARCH OUT OUR>

< start="10515.337" dur="4.438">VULNERABILITIES, EXPLOIT THOSE>

< start="10517.64" dur="4.337">VULNERABILITIES AND WHAT DID>

< start="10518.641" dur="4.838">THEY TRY TO DO?>

< start="10519.875" dur="9.009">THEY TRIED TO USE THAT AS>

< start="10522.077" dur="7.374">LEVERAGE AGAINST US.>

< start="10523.579" dur="8.508">SO IT IS TIME FOR US TO SAY NO>

< start="10528.984" dur="4.805">MORE.>

< start="10529.551" dur="6.874">NOW, HERE IS ANOTHER COMPONENT.>

< start="10532.187" dur="6.006">I'VE TALKED ABOUT IN THIS WEEK>

< start="10533.889" dur="8.075">ON THE FLOOR.>

< start="10536.525" dur="6.907">OUR PHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLY CHAIN.>

< start="10538.293" dur="8.442">ON FEBRUARY 22, 2020, THIS YEAR■>

< start="10542.064" dur="5.939">THE F.D.A. ANNOUNCED THE>

< start="10543.532" dur="8.108">SHORTAGE OF A DRUG USED TO TREAT>

< start="10546.835" dur="7.041">VICTIMS OF COVID-19.>

< start="10548.103" dur="11.345">IMAGINE THAT, THERE WAS A DRUG>

< start="10551.74" dur="10.845">SHORTAGE.>

< start="10553.976" dur="12.546">THEY ATTRIBUTED THE SHORTAGE OF>

< start="10559.548" dur="9.043">GETTING THE ACTIVE INGREDIENT IN>

< start="10562.685" dur="7.54">THIS PHARMACEUTICAL, THEY ARE>

< start="10566.622" dur="5.038">CALLED AP -- A.P.I.'S.>

< start="10568.691" dur="3.97">THEY COULDN'T GET IT FROM THE>

< start="10570.325" dur="7.174">SITE IN CHINA WHICH IS THE SITE>

< start="10571.76" dur="6.039">THAT MANUFACTURED IT BECAUSE>

< start="10572.761" dur="7.474">THAT SITE HAD BEEN AFFECTED BY>

< start="10577.599" dur="4.372">COVID-19.>

< start="10577.899" dur="5.74">SO HERE WE ARE.>

< start="10580.335" dur="5.773">WE NEED THIS COMPONENT TO GO>

< start="10582.071" dur="6.54">INTO A PHARMACEUTICAL.>

< start="10583.739" dur="8.175">WE DIDN'T GET IT BECAUSE THE>

< start="10586.208" dur="7.608">FACTORY THAT PRODUCES THIS HAS>

< start="10588.711" dur="7.04">BEEN AFFECTED BY COVID-19.>

< start="10592.014" dur="8.909">AND IT'S NOT THE FIRST TIME THAT>

< start="10593.916" dur="8.809">THIS HAS HAPPENED.>

< start="10595.851" dur="9.276">IN 2016, WE SAW A SHORTAGE OF AN>

< start="10601.023" dur="8.342">IMPORTANT ANTIBIOTIC WHEN THE>

< start="10602.825" dur="9.075">SOLE SOURCE OF ITS PRODUCTION,>

< start="10605.227" dur="11.078">THE ONLY PLACE ON THE GLOBE THAT>

< start="10609.465" dur="9.309">PRODUCED THIS ANTIBIOTIC WAS IN>

< start="10612" dur="8.476">CHINA AND THAT FACTORY WAS SHUT>

< start="10616.405" dur="7.474">DOWN, COULDN'T GET IT.>

< start="10618.874" dur="8.642">OUR VULNERABILITY IS NOT LIMITED>

< start="10620.576" dur="11.611">TO ONE DRUG OR EVEN JUST A>

< start="10623.979" dur="11.745">HANDFUL OF DRUGS.>

< start="10627.616" dur="10.01">IN 2007 AND 2008, 246 PEOPLE>

< start="10632.287" dur="9.977">DIED AFTER TAKING A CONTAMINATED>

< start="10635.824" dur="9.91">BLOOD THINNER THAT CAME DIRECTLY>

< start="10637.726" dur="9.743">FROM A FACTORY IN CHINA.>

< start="10642.364" dur="7.708">THEY DIED, 246 PEOPLE, JUST LIKE>

< start="10645.834" dur="6.34">THAT.>

< start="10647.569" dur="7.174">ROUTINE INSPECTIONS DIDN'T CATCH>

< start="10650.172" dur="8.709">THE CONTAMINANT AND THE DRUGS>

< start="10652.274" dur="7.908">FLOWED RIGHT INTO OUR MEDICINE>

< start="10654.843" dur="8.175">CABINETS.>

< start="10658.981" dur="6.973">2010, REGULATORS ALSO FOUND>

< start="10660.282" dur="7.04">SERIOUS PROBLEMS WITH BATCHES OF>

< start="10663.118" dur="7.041">THYROID MEDICATION, MUSCLE>

< start="10666.054" dur="6.641">RELAXERS, ANTIBIOTICS, AND THIS>

< start="10667.422" dur="6.707">WEEK I GOT AN E-MAIL FROM A>

< start="10670.259" dur="5.472">TENNESSEAN.>

< start="10672.795" dur="5.572">HE SAID I SAW WHAT YOU SAID ON>

< start="10674.229" dur="7.508">THE FLOOR, AND I WANT TO LET YOU>

< start="10675.831" dur="10.143">KNOW I TAKE A HEART MEDICATION,>

< start="10678.467" dur="12.246">AND IT WAS JUST RECALLED BECAUSE>

< start="10681.837" dur="11.511">IT CONTAINED A CARCINOGEN AND IT>

< start="10686.074" dur="10.978">WAS MADE IN CHINA.>

< start="10690.813" dur="8.474">THINK ABOUT THIS.>

< start="10693.448" dur="9.11">THESE ARE THE PHARMACEUTICALS WE>

< start="10697.152" dur="9.243">TAKE TO RETURN OURSELVES TO>

< start="10699.387" dur="12.28">HEALTH AND WELLNESS, TO MANAGE>

< start="10702.658" dur="12.512">CHRONIC CONDITIONS.>

< start="10706.495" dur="12.546">AND HERE WE HAVE EXAMPLE AFTER>

< start="10711.767" dur="10.11">EXAMPLE OF THINGS THAT ARE>

< start="10715.27" dur="13.147">CONTAMINATED, ARE NOT WHAT THEY>

< start="10719.141" dur="9.343">ARE INTENDED TO BE.>

< start="10721.977" dur="8.509">THESE ARE BASIC, COMMON>

< start="10728.55" dur="6.974">MEDICATIONS N. 2018 THE F.D.A.>

< start="10730.586" dur="8.675">RECALLED SEVERAL BLOOD PRESSURE>

< start="10733.689" dur="6.706">MEDICATIONS MADE IN CHINA THAT>

< start="10735.624" dur="7.074">WERE CONTAMINATED WITH>

< start="10739.361" dur="4.538">CANCER-CAUSING TOXINS.>

< start="10740.495" dur="6.34">NOW, I WOULD IMAGINE THERE ARE A>

< start="10742.798" dur="6.707">FEW PEOPLE THAT COME TO WORK>

< start="10743.999" dur="5.873">EVERY DAY IN THIS BUILDING THAT>

< start="10746.935" dur="4.972">TAKE A BLOOD PRESSURE>

< start="10749.605" dur="6.973">MEDICATION.>

< start="10749.972" dur="10.644">WHAT IF YOU HAD BEEN TAKING ONE>

< start="10752.007" dur="9.61">FOR A PERIOD OF TIME, AND IT>

< start="10756.678" dur="8.909">CONTAINED THE CANCER-CAUSING>

< start="10760.716" dur="7.507">TOXINS?>

< start="10761.717" dur="6.973">AMERICANS DESERVE BETTER THAN>

< start="10765.687" dur="4.972">THIS FROM THEIR PHARMACEUTICAL>

< start="10768.323" dur="5.739">SUPPLY CHAIN.>

< start="10768.79" dur="5.706">IF WE ALLOW THIS TO CONTINUE, WE>

< start="10770.759" dur="5.139">ARE GOING TO DO SO AT OUR OWN>

< start="10774.162" dur="4.572">PERIL.>

< start="10774.596" dur="8.642">I ENCOURAGE MY COLLEAGUES TO>

< start="10775.998" dur="9.142">SUPPORT THE BIPARTISAN SECURING>

< start="10778.834" dur="7.741">AMERICA'S MEDICINE CABINET ACT.>

< start="10783.338" dur="5.873">SENATOR MENENDEZ HAS WORKED ON>

< start="10785.24" dur="4.271">THIS LEGISLATION WITH ME, AND>

< start="10786.675" dur="5.139">I'M GRATEFUL TO HIM FOR HIS>

< start="10789.311" dur="4.404">SUPPORT.>

< start="10789.611" dur="5.772">MR. PRESIDENT, YOU ARE WORKING>

< start="10791.914" dur="6.072">ON LEGISLATION THAT WOULD>

< start="10793.815" dur="6.74">ADDRESS SOME OF THESE ISSUES.>

< start="10795.483" dur="9.177">BRING THIS PHARMACEUTICAL>

< start="10798.086" dur="10.311">MANUFACTURING BACK INTO THE>

< start="10800.655" dur="11.345">UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.>

< start="10804.76" dur="10.043">WE NEED TO END CHINESE CONTROL>

< start="10808.497" dur="6.64">OVER OUR HEALTH AND WELLNESS IN>

< start="10812.1" dur="4.638">THIS PHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLY>

< start="10814.903" dur="5.306">CHAIN.>

< start="10815.237" dur="6.74">THIS MAY SEEM LIKE SOMETHING>

< start="10816.838" dur="9.21">THAT IS TOO LARGE OR TOO RISKY>

< start="10820.309" dur="8.308">AN UNDERTAKING BUT WE HAVE>

< start="10822.077" dur="6.607">ALREADY PAID DEARLY FOR OUR>

< start="10826.148" dur="3.804">RELIANCE ON CHINESE DRUG>

< start="10828.75" dur="4.238">MANUFACTURERS, AND IT'S NOT>

< start="10830.052" dur="6.973">GOING TO STOP BECAUSE THAT>

< start="10831.553" dur="7.608">VULNERABILITY IS LEVERAGE IN THE>

< start="10833.088" dur="10.477">HANDS OF MADMEN IN BEIJING WHO>

< start="10837.125" dur="7.575">SEEK NOTHING BUT POWER AND WILL>

< start="10839.261" dur="8.141">GO TO ANY LENGTHS TO ACQUIRE>

< start="10843.665" dur="6.84">THAT POWER.>

< start="10844.8" dur="6.005">THEY DON'T CARE WHO THEY HURT.>

< start="10847.502" dur="5.439">IT'S CLEAR WITH THIS GLOBAL>

< start="10850.605" dur="4.238">PANDEMIC.>

< start="10850.905" dur="6.674">THEY DON'T CARE IF IT IS>

< start="10853.041" dur="9.81">INNOCENT PEOPLE THAT ARE SICK OR>

< start="10854.943" dur="9.51">MAYBE EVEN THAT LOSE THEIR LIFE>

< start="10857.679" dur="9.91">AND THEY DEFY US, THEY DEFY US>

< start="10862.951" dur="8.242">WHEN WE TRY TO STOP THEM.>

< start="10864.553" dur="8.375">IT'S TIME THAT WE RISE TO THE>

< start="10867.689" dur="6.073">CHALLENGE AND THAT WE RETURN>

< start="10871.293" dur="3.904">THIS SUPPLY CHAIN.>

< start="10873.028" dur="4.838">IVE YIELD THE FLOOR AND NOTE THE>

< start="10873.862" dur="7.441">ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.>

< start="10875.297" dur="6.006">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="10877.966" dur="3.337">CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="10888.31" dur="1.802">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="10921.81" dur="2.536">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="10922.411" dur="4.271">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="10923.011" dur="3.938">SENATOR FROM INDIANA.>

< start="10924.446" dur="4.371">A SENATOR: ARE WE IN A QUORUM>

< start="10926.782" dur="2.102">CALL?>

< start="10927.049" dur="2.535">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: YES.>

< start="10928.95" dur="2.303">MR. BRAUN: COULD WE LIFT THE>

< start="10929.684" dur="1.869">QUORUM CALL?>

< start="10930.285" dur="1.969">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="10931.353" dur="2.302">OBJECTION.>

< start="10931.653" dur="4.038">MR. BRAUN: MR. PRESIDENT, I'VE>

< start="10932.354" dur="7.341">BEEN HERE A LITTLE OVER A YEAR.>

< start="10933.755" dur="7.274">I KEEP MENTIONING THAT OFTEN>

< start="10935.791" dur="6.74">BECAUSE WHAT A YEAR IT'S BEEN.>

< start="10939.795" dur="5.038">IN THAT STRETCH, THERE'S NOT>

< start="10941.129" dur="6.473">BEEN A PERIOD OF TIME WHERE I>

< start="10942.631" dur="7.574">THINK THERE'S BEEN SO MUCH>

< start="10944.933" dur="8.075">URGENCY FOR US AS A SENATE, FOR>

< start="10947.702" dur="5.606">THE OTHER CHAMBER TO DO THEIR>

< start="10950.305" dur="5.739">JOB TO DELIVER FOR THE AMERICAN>

< start="10953.108" dur="5.839">PEOPLE.>

< start="10953.408" dur="8.776">WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF A CRISIS>

< start="10956.144" dur="7.374">THAT IN BUILDING A BUSINESS OVER>

< start="10959.047" dur="6.307">37, 38 YEARS, YOU'VE CONSTANTLY>

< start="10962.284" dur="3.403">GOT HURDLES TO JUMP.>

< start="10963.618" dur="4.472">YOU NEVER REALLY KNOW THE CLEAR>

< start="10965.454" dur="5.705">OUTCOME.>

< start="10965.787" dur="8.242">YOU TRY TO HAVE A GREAT STRATEGY>

< start="10968.19" dur="8.241">WITH GOOD IMPLEMENTATION, GOOD>

< start="10971.259" dur="7.108">TACTICS THAT WOULD BE YOUR>

< start="10974.129" dur="5.339">SALVATION THROUGH THICK OR THIN.>

< start="10976.531" dur="7.942">WHEN IT COMES TO THE>

< start="10978.467" dur="7.541">CORONAVIRUS, IT'S NOT LIKE WE>

< start="10979.568" dur="8.074">HAVEN'T HAD OTHER RECENT ISSUES>

< start="10984.573" dur="3.336">BUT NOTHING QUITE LIKE THIS TO>

< start="10986.108" dur="3.336">WHERE IT STARTED IN ANOTHER>

< start="10987.742" dur="7.875">COUNTRY.>

< start="10988.009" dur="9.443">IT'S GONE ACROSS THE WORLD.>

< start="10989.544" dur="9.81">AND IT NOW LOOKS LIKE THAT>

< start="10995.717" dur="3.937">VECTOR INTO OUR COUNTRY, WE MAY>

< start="10997.552" dur="5.739">BE DEALING WITH IT ON A BROADER>

< start="10999.454" dur="4.171">SCALE.>

< start="10999.754" dur="4.872">I'M A GUY THAT BELIEVES IN FREE>

< start="11003.391" dur="2.336">ENTERPRISE.>

< start="11003.725" dur="3.637">I DON'T LIKE IT WHEN GOVERNMENT>

< start="11004.726" dur="5.239">HAS TO STEP IN.>

< start="11005.827" dur="4.939">BUT I DON'T KNOW WHAT WE WOULD>

< start="11007.462" dur="7.041">HAVE DONE OTHERWISE IN THIS>

< start="11010.065" dur="6.84">CASE.>

< start="11010.866" dur="8.241">UNTIL WE TAMP THE DISEASE DOWN,>

< start="11014.603" dur="6.106">UNTIL WE GET THAT CURVE>

< start="11017.005" dur="6.974">FLATTENED, NO ONE IS GOING TO BE>

< start="11019.207" dur="6.874">AT EASE.>

< start="11020.809" dur="8.441">WE'VE INVESTED THREE, FOUR WEEKS>

< start="11024.079" dur="5.438">OF ACTUAL GUIDELINES.>

< start="11026.181" dur="5.372">WE KNEW IT WAS COMING WAY BEFORE>

< start="11029.35" dur="3.838">THAT.>

< start="11029.617" dur="5.072">I AM HOPEFUL THAT WE'VE BEEN>

< start="11031.653" dur="4.538">DOING A LOT OF THE RIGHT THINGS,>

< start="11033.288" dur="6.54">EVEN BEFORE WE WERE REQUIRED TO>

< start="11034.789" dur="5.339">DO THAT.>

< start="11036.291" dur="7.174">SO WE CAN'T RELENT ON THAT>

< start="11039.928" dur="4.671">COURSE.>

< start="11040.228" dur="6.34">ON THE OTHER HAND, NEVER IN MY>

< start="11043.565" dur="5.906">WILDEST DREAMS WOULD HAVE>

< start="11044.699" dur="6.507">IMAGINED AN ECONOMY COULD BE>

< start="11046.668" dur="5.839">AFFECTED LIKE IT HAS.>

< start="11049.571" dur="4.137">STORES FROM MY HOME -- GET>

< start="11051.306" dur="5.239">STORIES FROM MY HOME STATE OF>

< start="11052.607" dur="8.075">INDIANA ALL THE TIME, NOT ONLY>

< start="11053.808" dur="8.809">FROM THE PLACES LIKE HOTELS,>

< start="11056.645" dur="7.107">RESTAURANTS, BARS, AIRLINES, I>

< start="11060.782" dur="4.571">THINK OUR SENIOR SENATOR>

< start="11062.717" dur="4.672">ACTUALLY EITHER WENT HOME OR>

< start="11063.852" dur="5.939">CAME OUT HERE, MIGHT HAVE BEEN>

< start="11065.453" dur="6.674">THE ONLY PERSON ON THE PLANE.>

< start="11067.489" dur="7.874">THAT'S A GRAPHIC EXAMPLE OF HOW>

< start="11069.891" dur="7.675">THIS IS IMPACTING COMMERCE.>

< start="11072.227" dur="8.275">THE HOTEL OWNER I TALKED TO, 2%>

< start="11075.463" dur="6.507">OCCUPANCY IN THE WEEK BEFORE.>

< start="11077.666" dur="5.205">INTO WE'VE COME TOGETHER THIS>

< start="11080.602" dur="4.204">PAST WEEKEND.>

< start="11082.07" dur="4.438">WE WORKED THROUGH IT.>

< start="11082.971" dur="4.972">I THINK THAT'S BEEN THE FIRST>

< start="11084.906" dur="3.537">TIME I'VE BEEN HERE THAT ON A>

< start="11086.608" dur="4.738">LEGISLATIVE MATTER WE'VE DONE>

< start="11088.043" dur="5.138">THAT.>

< start="11088.543" dur="7.708">DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS AT THE>

< start="11091.446" dur="5.205">GRASSROOTS LEVEL WORKING TO>

< start="11093.281" dur="5.906">DELIVER WHAT I THINK IS A GOOD>

< start="11096.351" dur="5.439">PACKAGE.>

< start="11096.751" dur="7.074">IT FOCUSES ON, NUMBER ONE, WHO>

< start="11099.287" dur="6.04">NEEDS IT THE MOST.>

< start="11101.89" dur="4.471">WORK THEARS HAVE BEEN DISPLACED>

< start="11103.925" dur="2.703">-- WORKERS THAT HAVE BEEN>

< start="11105.427" dur="3.837">DISPLACED AND SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="11106.461" dur="4.204">OWNERS.>

< start="11106.728" dur="5.272">IT ALSO HAS STUFF IN FOR THE>

< start="11109.364" dur="4.638">BROADER PART OF THE ECONOMY.>

< start="11110.765" dur="5.74">URGENCY IS THE KEY.>

< start="11112.1" dur="6.907">WE'RE WORKING THROUGH RIGHT NOW>

< start="11114.102" dur="5.239">SOME SHORT-TERM CORRECTIONS, AND>

< start="11116.605" dur="4.437">I HOPE THAT DOESN'T THWART THE>

< start="11119.107" dur="5.372">PROCESS.>

< start="11119.441" dur="6.339">WE SHOULD HAVE HAD THIS ACROSS>

< start="11121.142" dur="5.94">THE FINISH LINE SUNDAY EVENING>

< start="11124.579" dur="6.774">TO WHERE IT COULD HAVE BEEN>

< start="11125.88" dur="7.708">DELIVERED ON MONDAY MORNING AND>

< start="11127.182" dur="8.608">WE WOULD STILL HAVE THE NATION>

< start="11131.453" dur="6.073">ON HIGH ALERT ABOUT WHAT WE'RE>

< start="11133.688" dur="5.439">GOING TO DO HERE.>

< start="11135.89" dur="4.972">AND IT CAN ONLY COME FROM HERE>

< start="11137.626" dur="5.038">IN THIS CASE.>

< start="11139.227" dur="6.373">I'M GOING TO SEGUE INTO WE NEED>

< start="11140.962" dur="7.942">TO GET THAT DONE TODAY AND I'M>

< start="11142.764" dur="7.841">GOING TO BE FOR IT.>

< start="11145.7" dur="8.742">EACH STATE, EACH SENATOR, EACH>

< start="11149.004" dur="6.339">REPRESENTATIVE IS GOING TO HAVE>

< start="11150.705" dur="6.44">TO DELIVER TO THE SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="11154.542" dur="4.538">OWNERS, THE INDIVIDUALS THAT>

< start="11155.443" dur="7.207">HAVE BEEN DISPLACED BY THIS.>

< start="11157.245" dur="8.342">AND I'VE GOT A TEAM BACK IN>

< start="11159.18" dur="8.609">INDIANA THAT HAS TAKEN ON JUST A>

< start="11162.75" dur="7.175">BIG SPECTRUM OF CASE WORK, AND I>

< start="11165.687" dur="7.14">INVITE YOU WHEN THIS LEGISLATION>

< start="11167.889" dur="5.272">GETS ACROSS THE FINISH LINE TO>

< start="11170.025" dur="5.539">MAKE SURE YOU REACH OUT TO OUR>

< start="11172.927" dur="4.238">OFFICE.>

< start="11173.261" dur="7.541">MANY OF OUR CASES REGRETTABLY>

< start="11175.664" dur="5.539">HAVE BEEN ALONG THE LINES OF>

< start="11177.265" dur="5.306">HELPING FOLKS INTERFACE WITH THE>

< start="11180.902" dur="3.237">V.A.>

< start="11181.303" dur="3.703">SADLY, I WISH THERE WERE FEWER>

< start="11182.671" dur="6.473">OF THEM BUT WE'VE HAD REALLY>

< start="11184.239" dur="6.94">GOOD LUCK.>

< start="11185.106" dur="7.475">WE INTERFACED WHEN A CRUISE SHIP>

< start="11189.244" dur="5.572">HAD HOOSIERS STRANDED AND WERE>

< start="11191.279" dur="4.671">ABLE TO FOLLOW UP ON THE PROCESS>

< start="11192.681" dur="5.405">TO MAKE SURE THEY CAME BACK.>

< start="11194.916" dur="5.906">CURRENTLY DEALING WITH CASES>

< start="11196.05" dur="5.54">WHERE YOU'RE STRANDED OVERSEAS.>

< start="11198.186" dur="5.639">WHATEVER IT IS, COME TO OUR>

< start="11200.922" dur="4.738">SENATE OFFICE.>

< start="11201.69" dur="4.437">WE'VE GOT A GREAT TEAM AND THEY>

< start="11203.925" dur="4.638">HAVE HELPED A LOT OF HOOSIERS>

< start="11205.76" dur="3.103">OUT ALREADY.>

< start="11206.227" dur="5.473">I WANT TO END ON A POSITIVE>

< start="11208.663" dur="4.838">NOTE.>

< start="11208.963" dur="7.441">I THINK THIS HAS GOT THE COUNTRY>

< start="11211.8" dur="8.441">DOWN BECAUSE EVERYTHING YOU SEE>

< start="11213.601" dur="7.842">IS IN THE CONTEXT OF NEGATIVITY.>

< start="11216.504" dur="6.073">I LIKE THE FACT THAT >

< start="11220.341" dur="5.039">ASPIRATIONALLY MANY ARE ALREADY>

< start="11221.543" dur="5.672">TALKING ABOUT WHAT WE'RE GOING>

< start="11222.677" dur="7.608">TO DO WHEN WE COME OUT OF IT.>

< start="11225.48" dur="6.907">AND THROUGH PRAYERS AND THROUGH>

< start="11227.315" dur="6.674">ALL THE STUFF AMERICANS,>

< start="11230.385" dur="5.339">HOOSIERS HAVE DONE, I THINK>

< start="11232.487" dur="5.139">WE'RE GOING TO SEE THAT CURVE>

< start="11234.089" dur="6.273">START TO FLATTEN.>

< start="11235.824" dur="5.639">I LIKE THE APPROACH WE'VE TAKEN>

< start="11237.726" dur="5.872">TO PUT THE EMPHASIS ON THE>

< start="11240.462" dur="4.538">DISEASE BECAUSE UNTIL THOSE>

< start="11241.563" dur="6.44">NUMBERS GO DOWN, NO ONE IS GOING>

< start="11243.698" dur="4.372">TO BE AT EASE.>

< start="11245.1" dur="6.072">SO AS WE LOOK TO THE FUTURE,>

< start="11248.136" dur="6.54">MONDAY WAS THE FIRST THRESHOLD,>

< start="11251.273" dur="5.505">15 DAYS.>

< start="11252.307" dur="5.973">WE NEED TO REASSESS, TAKE ALL>

< start="11254.776" dur="5.005">THE INFORMATION WE'VE GAINED AND>

< start="11256.878" dur="5.772">GATHERED, AND MAKE THE RIGHT>

< start="11258.38" dur="5.605">DECISIONS GOING FORWARD.>

< start="11259.881" dur="6.607">I TRUST OUR GOVERNORS AND OUR>

< start="11262.75" dur="8.242">LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ACROSS THE>

< start="11264.085" dur="8.576">COUNTRY TO DO THE SAME THING.>

< start="11266.588" dur="7.674">AND WE WILL COME OUT AHEAD.>

< start="11271.092" dur="4.471">WE ARE GOING TO FLATTEN THE>

< start="11272.761" dur="4.004">CURVE AND MAKE SURE THAT WE'RE>

< start="11274.362" dur="3.837">TAKING CARE OF THE MOST>

< start="11275.663" dur="4.204">IMPORTANT THING FIRST.>

< start="11276.865" dur="3.837">AND I THINK THAT'S GOING TO BE>

< start="11278.299" dur="6.073">HERE HOPEFULLY SOONER RATHER>

< start="11279.968" dur="5.572">THAN LATER.>

< start="11280.802" dur="6.64">AND THEN WE ALSO NEED TO BE>

< start="11284.472" dur="5.105">ASPIRATIONAL ABOUT WHAT IS>

< start="11285.64" dur="6.54">REALLY GOING TO GET THIS COUNTRY>

< start="11287.542" dur="6.473">BACK TO BUSINESS AS USUAL AND>

< start="11289.677" dur="7.508">THAT'S WHEN WE CAN HAVE MAIN>

< start="11292.28" dur="7.207">STREET GOING BACK TO THE WAY IT>

< start="11294.115" dur="7.474">WAS A MONTH OR TWO AGO WHEN WE>

< start="11297.285" dur="4.604">CAN RECAPTURE THE BEST ECONOMY>

< start="11299.587" dur="5.139">THAT WE PROBABLY EVER HAD IN>

< start="11301.689" dur="3.771">HISTORY.>

< start="11301.989" dur="6.274">AND I KNOW HOOSIERS WILL DO>

< start="11304.826" dur="4.338">THEIR JOB.>

< start="11305.56" dur="5.939">THEY WILL BE ASPIRATIONAL AND>

< start="11308.363" dur="5.439">AMERICANS ACROSS THE COUNTRY>

< start="11309.264" dur="7.04">WILL DO THE SAME.>

< start="11311.599" dur="5.005">I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="11313.902" dur="3.303">I NOTICE THE ABSENCE OF A>

< start="11316.404" dur="5.64">QUORUM.>

< start="11316.704" dur="5.34">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="11317.305" dur="4.739">CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="11323.445" dur="3.136">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="11353.208" dur="2.536">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="11354.142" dur="3.17">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="11355.243" dur="4.705">SENATOR FROM GEORGIA.>

< start="11355.844" dur="5.772">A SENATOR: I WOULD ASK THAT THE>

< start="11357.412" dur="4.538">QUORUM CALL BE VITIATED, PLEASE.>

< start="11360.048" dur="2.703">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="11361.716" dur="4.371">OBJECTION.>

< start="11362.05" dur="6.34">MR. PERDUE: MR. PRESIDENT, WE'RE>

< start="11362.851" dur="6.873">ON THE CUSP OF A HISTORIC BILL>

< start="11366.187" dur="7.274">TODAY, BIPARTISAN BILL THAT WE>

< start="11368.49" dur="6.373">TOOK A DIFFERENT APPROACH THANKS>

< start="11369.824" dur="6.607">TO OUR REPUBLICAN LEADERSHIP>

< start="11373.561" dur="6.473">WHERE WE PUT THE LEADERS OF EACH>

< start="11374.963" dur="7.441">OF THE COMMITTEES, BOTH DEMOCRAT>

< start="11376.531" dur="8.208">AND REPUBLICANS, TO FOCUS ON>

< start="11380.134" dur="6.007">THEIR PORTION OF THE NEEDS>

< start="11382.504" dur="5.572">BEHIND THIS COVID-19 CRISIS.>

< start="11384.839" dur="5.439">BEFORE I GET INTO MY REMARKS>

< start="11386.241" dur="7.274">TODAY, THOUGH, I WANT TO REMIND>

< start="11388.176" dur="6.84">THE COLLEAGUES HERE TODAY THAT>

< start="11390.378" dur="7.007">WE HAVE SPONSORED A RESOLUTION>

< start="11393.615" dur="6.072">RECOGNIZING AND THANKING ALL THE>

< start="11395.116" dur="5.906">PEOPLE IN AMERICA WHO ARE>

< start="11397.485" dur="5.039">STEPPING UP AND AS OTHERS HAVE>

< start="11399.787" dur="4.572">SAID, PUT THEIR OWN HEALTH AND>

< start="11401.122" dur="6.473">THEIR FAMILIES' HEALTH AT RISK>

< start="11402.624" dur="7.274">TO MAKE SURE THAT THEIR>

< start="11404.459" dur="6.54">NEIGHBORS AND FRIENDS AND>

< start="11407.695" dur="5.239">PATIENTS AND BUSINESS PARTNERS>

< start="11409.998" dur="5.605">ARE TAKEN CARE OF.>

< start="11411.099" dur="6.84">I'M TALKING ABOUT SUPPLY CHAIN>

< start="11413.034" dur="7.541">PEOPLE, HEALTH CARE WORKERS,>

< start="11415.703" dur="6.373">TRANSPORTATION WORKERS.>

< start="11418.039" dur="6.24">ALL THE PEOPLE IN THE COUNTRY,>

< start="11420.675" dur="5.472">AG INDUSTRY, ALL THE PEOPLE IN>

< start="11422.176" dur="5.74">THE COUNTRY WHO ARE KEEPING THE>

< start="11424.379" dur="4.938">ESSENTIAL NEEDS OF OUR>

< start="11426.247" dur="3.137">POPULATION GOING.>

< start="11428.016" dur="3.17">WHILE RESTAURANTS ARE CLOSED,>

< start="11429.45" dur="5.172">THEY HAVE TAKEOUT SERVICE, EVEN>

< start="11431.286" dur="5.138">HERE IN WASHINGTON, D.C.>

< start="11432.954" dur="5.305">THAT IS NOT AN EASY THING TO DO>

< start="11434.722" dur="3.971">FOR THOSE FOLKS.>

< start="11436.524" dur="3.671">IT'S A -- THEY'RE LOSING MONEY>

< start="11438.359" dur="3.537">ON IT.>

< start="11438.793" dur="4.605">I WANTED TO MAKE SURE WE>

< start="11440.295" dur="3.437">RECOGNIZE IN THE MIDST OF THIS>

< start="11441.996" dur="2.736">CRISIS HOW AMERICANS ARE>

< start="11443.498" dur="2.736">RESPONDING.>

< start="11443.832" dur="3.637">AMERICANS ALWAYS RESPOND TO>

< start="11444.832" dur="4.505">CRISIS IN A BETTER WAY THAN>

< start="11446.334" dur="4.705">ANYBODY ELSE IN THE HISTORY OF>

< start="11447.569" dur="4.905">THE WORLD, IN MY OPINION.>

< start="11449.437" dur="4.972">SOMETIMES WE'RE NOT ALWAYS THE>

< start="11451.139" dur="4.971">QUICKEST TO RECOGNIZE THAT WE'RE>

< start="11452.574" dur="5.238">IN A CRISIS, BUT RIGHT NOW WE>

< start="11454.509" dur="4.638">ARE RESPONDING TO THIS ONE RIGHT>

< start="11456.21" dur="4.872">HERE BEFORE US.>

< start="11457.912" dur="3.637">AS A MATTER OF FACT, MR.>

< start="11459.247" dur="4.871">PRESIDENT, I BELIEVE WE HAVE TWO>

< start="11461.182" dur="4.738">CRISES TODAY.>

< start="11461.649" dur="6.006">ONE IS OBVIOUSLY THE MEDICAL>

< start="11464.218" dur="4.839">CRISIS, THE HEALTH CARE CRISIS>

< start="11466.02" dur="4.672">THAT WE NOW ARE CHARACTERIZING>

< start="11467.755" dur="4.872">AT COVID-19 VIRUS.>

< start="11469.157" dur="4.471">WE NOW HOW IT ONLY NATURED.>

< start="11470.792" dur="4.404">WE NOW KNOW WHAT OTHER COUNTRIES>

< start="11472.727" dur="5.439">ARE LEARNING THAT WHO ARE AHEAD>

< start="11473.728" dur="5.539">OF US IN THE CYCLE.>

< start="11475.296" dur="5.673">BUT BECAUSE OF THAT WE HAVE A>

< start="11478.266" dur="3.87">CONNECTING ECONOMIC CRISIS THAT>

< start="11479.367" dur="4.404">WE'RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH IN>

< start="11481.069" dur="3.002">THIS PIECE OF LEGISLATION TODAY.>

< start="11482.236" dur="3.371">I HOPE WE CAN GET THIS DONE>

< start="11483.871" dur="2.003">TONIGHT.>

< start="11484.171" dur="2.437">I DON'T SEE ANY REASON WHY WE>

< start="11485.707" dur="2.135">CAN'T.>

< start="11485.974" dur="3.703">WE HAVE A DEAL.>

< start="11486.708" dur="4.337">THERE ARE SOME QUESTIONS HERE IN>

< start="11487.942" dur="5.539">THE LAST HOUR, BUT I THINK WE'LL>

< start="11489.777" dur="5.406">GET THOSE DONE AND HOPEFULLY GET>

< start="11491.145" dur="5.305">THIS VOTED ON TONIGHT.>

< start="11493.581" dur="5.372">AS WE DEAL WITH THESE TWO>

< start="11495.283" dur="5.706">CRISES, MR. PRESIDENT, IT'S MY>

< start="11496.55" dur="6.107">SUGGESTION THAT WE LOOK AT THIS>

< start="11499.053" dur="5.305">-- HOW READDRESS DEALING WITH>

< start="11501.089" dur="4.438">THIS CRISIS IN THREE FACES.>

< start="11502.757" dur="4.304">RIGHT NOW WE'RE IN THE MIDDLE OF>

< start="11504.458" dur="3.805">THE FIRST PHASE AND I WOULD>

< start="11505.627" dur="3.937">CHARACTERIZE IT AS MOBILIZATION>

< start="11507.161" dur="3.404">WHERE WE'VE IDENTIFYING THE>

< start="11508.363" dur="3.203">SEVERITY OF THE DISEASE.>

< start="11509.664" dur="3.036">WE'RE IDENTIFYING WHO IS THE>

< start="11510.665" dur="3.57">MOST VULNERABLE.>

< start="11511.666" dur="3.136">WE'RE IDENTIFYING WHAT WE NEED>

< start="11512.8" dur="3.504">TO DEAL WITH IT AND MOBILIZING>

< start="11514.335" dur="3.837">BEHIND THAT.>

< start="11514.902" dur="4.005">WE SEE A DRAMATIC INCREASE IN>

< start="11516.404" dur="4.037">THE NUMBER OF TESTS THANKS TO>

< start="11518.272" dur="4.805">VICE PRESIDENT PENCE.>

< start="11519.007" dur="5.438">WE STILL HAVE SHORTAGES OF>

< start="11520.541" dur="5.139">TESTING KITS AND SWABS AND>

< start="11523.177" dur="4.004">REAGENTS AND EVEN TESTING>

< start="11524.545" dur="4.372">MACHINES BUT WE HAVE THINGS LIKE>

< start="11525.78" dur="3.97">IN MY STATE WHERE ONE OF OUR>

< start="11527.281" dur="3.07">MAJOR HOSPITALS, EMORY>

< start="11529.017" dur="3.069">UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL HAS THEIR>

< start="11529.85" dur="3.738">OWN TESTING.>

< start="11530.451" dur="4.038">THEY CAN DO IT IN A MATTER OF>

< start="11532.186" dur="3.137">HOURS VERSUS DAYS AND THEY'RE>

< start="11533.688" dur="3.37">MAKING THAT AVAILABLE TO OTHER>

< start="11534.589" dur="3.77">HOSPITALS IN THE STATE.>

< start="11535.423" dur="4.638">THIS IS ALL HANDS ON DECK.>

< start="11537.158" dur="6.206">AND THEY'LL PROBABLY LOSE MONEY>

< start="11538.459" dur="6.74">DOING THAT, MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="11540.161" dur="6.306">BUT THEY'RE WILLING TO DO THAT.>

< start="11543.464" dur="4.438">WE HAVE AN APPAREL COMPANY IN>

< start="11545.299" dur="3.871">GEORGIA WHO HAS SHUT DOWN THEIR>

< start="11546.567" dur="3.204">BUSINESS IN APPAREL.>

< start="11548.002" dur="4.138">THEY HAVE GOOD ORDERS,>

< start="11549.27" dur="4.471">PROFITABLE ORDERS.>

< start="11549.871" dur="4.871">THEY ARE PUTTING THOSE ASIDE TO>

< start="11552.24" dur="4.137">MAKE MASKS TO TRY TO HELPILL>

< start="11553.841" dur="3.437">THE NEED WITH THE SHORTAGES.>

< start="11554.842" dur="3.804">BUT THE MOBILIZATION PHASE IS>

< start="11556.477" dur="3.771">WHERE WE ARE TODAY.>

< start="11557.378" dur="4.471">WE'RE IDENTIFYING IT BASED ON>

< start="11558.746" dur="3.336">THE EXPERIENCES OF OTHER>

< start="11560.348" dur="3.003">COUNTRIES WHAT WE MIGHT EXPECT>

< start="11561.949" dur="2.637">HERE.>

< start="11562.183" dur="3.637">WE HAVE HOT SPOTS IN OUR>

< start="11563.451" dur="6.14">COUNTRY, JUST LIKE OTHER>

< start="11564.686" dur="6.806">COUNTRIES HAVE HAD.>

< start="11565.92" dur="7.007">WE SAW WHAT HAPPENED IN WUHAN>

< start="11569.691" dur="5.739">AND HUBEI PROVINCE IN CHINA.>

< start="11571.592" dur="6.34">I HAVE BEEN THERE.>

< start="11573.027" dur="6.507">IT'S A VERY OLD POPULATION.>

< start="11575.53" dur="4.304">THEY WERE LATE GETTING TO THE>

< start="11578.032" dur="5.172">IDENTIFICATION AND TREATMENT AND>

< start="11579.634" dur="3.803">ISOLATION.>

< start="11579.934" dur="4.772">WE SEE THE REPERCUSSIONS FROM>

< start="11583.304" dur="1.635">THAT.>

< start="11583.538" dur="2.436">THEY ARE AHEAD OF US IN THE>

< start="11584.806" dur="1.968">CYCLE.>

< start="11585.04" dur="3.436">HOWEVER THEY DEALT WITH THAT IN>

< start="11586.074" dur="3.47">THE EARLY DAYS.>

< start="11586.874" dur="3.471">WE SEE NOW HOW THEY HAVE DEALT>

< start="11588.576" dur="2.736">WITH THAT CRISIS AND WHAT'S>

< start="11589.644" dur="2.869">HAPPENING TO THE NUMBERS AND WE>

< start="11590.445" dur="2.402">CAN LEARN FROM THAT.>

< start="11591.412" dur="3.103">I WILL TALK ABOUT THAT IN A>

< start="11592.613" dur="2.236">SECOND.>

< start="11592.947" dur="3.57">THE SECOND PHASE, THOUGH, IS>

< start="11594.615" dur="3.704">TRANSITION.>

< start="11594.949" dur="4.571">I'M NOT SURE WE'RE IN IT YET,>

< start="11596.617" dur="4.739">BUT WE'RE ABOUT TO GO INTO IT>

< start="11598.419" dur="4.071">PARTLY BECAUSE OF THIS PACKAGE,>

< start="11599.62" dur="4.739">AND THAT IS TO MAKE SURE THAT WE>

< start="11601.456" dur="5.272">PROTECT THE PARTS OF THE ECONOMY>

< start="11602.59" dur="5.472">WHERE WE CAN SO THAT WHEN WE DO>

< start="11604.459" dur="5.138">START TO COME OUT OF THIS, JUST>

< start="11606.828" dur="4.037">LIKE EVERY OTHER COUNTRY AHEAD>

< start="11608.162" dur="3.938">OF US IN THE CYCLE HAS DONE AND>

< start="11609.697" dur="5.239">IS DOING RIGHT NOW THAT WILL>

< start="11610.965" dur="4.972">HAVE OUR BUSINESSES IN A>

< start="11612.2" dur="5.472">POSITION TO RECONNECT WITH THE>

< start="11615.069" dur="4.738">EMPLOYERS OR EMPLOYEES THAT THEY>

< start="11616.037" dur="4.504">HAVE WORKED SO HARD TO DEVELOP.>

< start="11617.772" dur="4.905">AND OF COURSE THE THIRD PHASE IS>

< start="11619.907" dur="4.004">FULL-ON RECOVERY.>

< start="11620.641" dur="5.539">THAT IS TO DO THE THINGS THEN TO>

< start="11622.777" dur="5.105">GET THE ECONOMY BACK ON ITS>

< start="11624.011" dur="5.506">STRONG THE FOOING, TO MAKE SURE>

< start="11626.28" dur="3.571">THAT WE ADDRESS THE SHORTAGES OF>

< start="11627.982" dur="3.904">WHAT WE FOUND IN OUR CURRENT>

< start="11629.617" dur="4.104">PREPARATION.>

< start="11629.951" dur="6.306">FOR EXAMPLE, WE DIDN'T HAVE A>

< start="11631.986" dur="6.14">STRATEGIC STOCKPILE OF SOME OF>

< start="11633.821" dur="5.105">THESE ESSENTIAL MEDICAL>

< start="11636.357" dur="5.239">ESSENTIALS THAT WE NEEDED IN THE>

< start="11638.226" dur="4.171">IDENTIFICATION, TESTING, AND>

< start="11639.026" dur="5.406">TREATMENT OF THIS PARTICULAR>

< start="11641.696" dur="4.104">VIRUS.>

< start="11642.497" dur="5.005">THAT RECOVERY WILL TAKE SOME>

< start="11644.532" dur="4.771">TIME, BUT AT THE SAME TIME, THE>

< start="11645.9" dur="5.239">WAY AMERICA ALWAYS RESPONDS TO>

< start="11647.602" dur="4.971">THIS IS THAT I BELIEVE WE CAN>

< start="11649.403" dur="4.472">RESPOND VERY QUICKLY IF WE GET>

< start="11651.239" dur="3.203">THE TRANSITION PHASE CORRECT.>

< start="11652.673" dur="3.17">AND THAT'S WHAT I WANT TO TALK>

< start="11653.975" dur="3.47">ABOUT TODAY.>

< start="11654.542" dur="4.138">AS WE LOOK AT THE MEDICAL>

< start="11655.943" dur="4.405">CRISIS, THOUGH, WE UNDERSTAND>

< start="11657.545" dur="4.505">NOW, THROUGH A LOT OF DATA>

< start="11658.78" dur="4.47">OUTSIDE OF THE U.S. -- AND I>

< start="11660.448" dur="3.837">WILL CAVEAT THIS THAT EACH>

< start="11662.15" dur="3.37">COUNTRY'S EXPERIENCE IS JUST A>

< start="11663.35" dur="3.905">LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT.>

< start="11664.385" dur="4.204">I WOULD ALSO COMMENT THAT THERE>

< start="11665.62" dur="3.537">IS A LOT OF NOISE IN THE DATA>

< start="11667.355" dur="3.303">THAT I SEE AROUND THE WORLD>

< start="11668.689" dur="3.471">RIGHT NOW.>

< start="11669.257" dur="4.638">THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY IS DOING A>

< start="11670.758" dur="4.772">GREAT JOB OF TRYING TO AGGREGATE>

< start="11672.26" dur="5.906">THIS DATA TO SEE HOW IT APPLIES>

< start="11673.995" dur="5.605">TO OUR NEEDS HERE AT HOME.>

< start="11675.63" dur="6.173">I GIVE OUR DOCTORS AND NURSES>

< start="11678.266" dur="5.005">AND CAREGIVERS THE HIGHEST THANK>

< start="11679.7" dur="5.039">YOU I CAN FOR WHAT THEY'RE DOING>

< start="11681.903" dur="4.571">HERE AND ALL OVER THE WORLD, FOR>

< start="11683.371" dur="4.404">THAT MATTER, BUT WHAT THE>

< start="11684.839" dur="4.938">EXPERIENCE IS IN ITALY MIGHT NOT>

< start="11686.574" dur="4.838">BE THE SAME AS IT IS HERE.>

< start="11687.875" dur="3.77">THE EXPERIENCE IN SOUTH KOREA>

< start="11689.877" dur="3.137">MIGHT NOT BE THE SAME AS IT IS>

< start="11691.512" dur="3.003">HERE.>

< start="11691.746" dur="4.972">SO WE HAVE TO LOOK AT THOSE AND>

< start="11693.114" dur="5.238">BE VERY CAREFUL THAT WE DON'T>

< start="11694.615" dur="5.673">TRY TO EXTRAPOLATE EITHER THE>

< start="11696.818" dur="4.938">SEVERITY OR THE LACK OF SEVERITY>

< start="11698.452" dur="4.472">AS BEING APPLICABLE HERE.>

< start="11700.388" dur="6.106">THIS PARTICULAR -- WHAT WE DO>

< start="11701.856" dur="5.672">KNOW, THOUGH, BEFORE I GET TO>

< start="11703.024" dur="6.54">THE BILL IS THAT IN THE WORLD>

< start="11706.594" dur="3.537">HEALTH ORGANIZATION JUST THIS>

< start="11707.628" dur="3.904">WEEK HAS PUBLISHED AN UPDATE TO>

< start="11709.664" dur="2.869">THEIR NUMBERS.>

< start="11710.231" dur="3.904">THEY ARE CHARACTERIZING THIS>

< start="11711.632" dur="4.305">DISEASE THIS WAY.>

< start="11712.633" dur="5.806">LOOK, EVERY COUNTRY HAS A LITTLE>

< start="11714.235" dur="6.54">BIT DIFFERENT INFECTION RATE, A>

< start="11716.037" dur="6.206">LITTLE DIFFERENT MORTALITY RATE.>

< start="11718.539" dur="5.272">I BELIEVE THE UNITED STATES>

< start="11720.875" dur="4.304">BECAUSE WE HAVEN'T TESTED AS>

< start="11722.343" dur="4.638">BROADLY AS SOME OF THE OTHER>

< start="11723.911" dur="3.637">COUNTRIES LIKE SOUTH KOREA HAVE>

< start="11725.279" dur="3.771">DONE, WE DON'T KNOW WHAT THE>

< start="11727.081" dur="3.837">DENOMINATOR IS.>

< start="11727.648" dur="3.537">WE DON'T KNOW THE MORTALITY RATE>

< start="11729.15" dur="3.303">OR THE INFECTION RATE FOR THAT>

< start="11731.018" dur="2.67">MATTER.>

< start="11731.285" dur="3.904">THIS IS WHAT THE WORLD HEALTH>

< start="11732.553" dur="4.305">ORGANIZATION IS DOING, JUST TO>

< start="11733.788" dur="4.438">PUT THIS IN PERSPECTIVE, THAT>

< start="11735.289" dur="3.971">ABOUT 80% OF THE PEOPLE INFECTED>

< start="11736.958" dur="3.904">WITH THIS COVID-19 VIRUS WILL>

< start="11738.326" dur="4.538">PROBABLY HAVE A MILD -- THAT'S>

< start="11739.36" dur="4.538">THE WAY THEY CHARACTERIZE IT -->

< start="11740.962" dur="4.304">A MILD EXPERIENCE WITH THIS>

< start="11742.964" dur="4.438">DISEASE.>

< start="11743.998" dur="6.006">15% WILL BE SERIOUS ENOUGH TO GO>

< start="11745.366" dur="5.873">TO A HOSPITAL PARTICULARLY.>

< start="11747.502" dur="5.972">AND THEN OF THAT, 5% WILL BE>

< start="11750.104" dur="5.272">CRITICAL PATIENTS.>

< start="11751.339" dur="7.974">TYPICALLY GENERALLY TOWARD THE>

< start="11753.574" dur="7.241">MOST VULNERABLE PATIENTS -->

< start="11755.476" dur="7.141">ELDERLY, PEOPLE WITH RESPIRATORY>

< start="11759.413" dur="5.473">EXISTING DISEASES AND>

< start="11760.915" dur="5.038">POTENTIALLY IMMUNE DEFICIENCIES.>

< start="11762.717" dur="4.671">AS WE DEAL WITH THAT MEDICAL>

< start="11764.986" dur="6.373">CRISIS -- AND WE HAVE POURED A>

< start="11766.053" dur="6.674">LOT OF RESOURCES TOWARD THAT IN>

< start="11767.488" dur="6.84">THE FIRST TWO PHASES OF HELP IN>

< start="11771.459" dur="3.77">ADDITION TO WHAT THE PRESIDENT>

< start="11772.827" dur="6.84">DID WITH HIS $50 BILLION>

< start="11774.428" dur="8.376">ALLOCATION EARLIER.>

< start="11775.329" dur="8.676">THIS BILL, ALMOST $2 TRILLION OF>

< start="11779.767" dur="6.306">AID AS WE SEE IT TOWARD>

< start="11782.904" dur="5.171">BUSINESSES AND COMMUNITIES IN>

< start="11784.105" dur="5.439">STATES TO MAKE SURE THAT WE CAN>

< start="11786.173" dur="3.838">WEATHER THIS STORM.>

< start="11788.175" dur="2.97">THIS BILL -- LET'S BE VERY CLEAR>

< start="11789.644" dur="2.468">ABOUT THIS.>

< start="11790.111" dur="3.97">THIS IS NOT ABOUT COMPANIES.>

< start="11791.245" dur="4.138">THIS IS ABOUT EMPLOYEES.>

< start="11792.213" dur="4.204">THIS IS ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHO>

< start="11794.181" dur="2.303">WORK FOR EMPLOYERS, EITHER IN>

< start="11795.483" dur="2.135">THEIR OWN BUSINESS OR IN>

< start="11796.55" dur="5.139">SOMEBODY ELSE'S BUSINESS.>

< start="11797.718" dur="5.139">THIS IS ALL ABOUT EMPLOYEES.>

< start="11799.82" dur="4.372">IT IS MERELY A FINANCIAL BRIDGE>

< start="11801.789" dur="4.338">TO GET THROUGH THIS PERIOD OF>

< start="11802.957" dur="4.771">TIME TO GET INTO THAT RECOVERY>

< start="11804.292" dur="6.339">PHASE THAT I'M TRYING TO>

< start="11806.227" dur="5.872">DESCRIBE HERE A LITTLE EARLIER.>

< start="11807.828" dur="6.007">IT'S ABOUT THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE>

< start="11810.731" dur="3.571">RELATIONSHIP AND TO MAKE SURE>

< start="11812.199" dur="3.337">THAT WE KEEP THAT RELATIONSHIP>

< start="11813.935" dur="6.473">INTACT.>

< start="11814.402" dur="6.239">LOOK, IN THE LAST THREE YEARS,>

< start="11815.636" dur="9.543">WE HAVE CREATED 7.5 MILLION NEW>

< start="11820.508" dur="5.839">JOBS.>

< start="11820.742" dur="8.108">PRIOR TO THIS NEW CRISIS, THIS>

< start="11825.279" dur="4.638">CORONAVIRUS CRISIS, WE HAD AN>

< start="11826.447" dur="5.706">ECONOMY THAT WAS JUST BOOMING.>

< start="11828.95" dur="5.372">CREATED 7.5 MILLION NEW JOBS.>

< start="11830.017" dur="5.606">WE HAD 7.5 MILLION JOB OPENINGS,>

< start="11832.253" dur="3.603">AS A MATTER OF FACT, AND ONLY>

< start="11834.422" dur="2.602">FIVE MILLION PEOPLE LOOKING FOR>

< start="11835.723" dur="2.636">WORK.>

< start="11835.957" dur="4.037">SO WE HAD A SITUATION WHERE WE>

< start="11837.124" dur="3.103">HAD THE ECONOMY MOVING IN THE>

< start="11838.459" dur="3.27">RIGHT DIRECTION, AND THEN THIS>

< start="11840.094" dur="3.003">HITS.>

< start="11840.328" dur="5.271">AND WE WANT TO MAKE SURE WE>

< start="11841.829" dur="5.272">DON'T LOSE ANY OF THOSE JOBS.>

< start="11843.197" dur="4.471">AND FOR THAT REASON, WE FOCUSED>

< start="11845.699" dur="3.971">ON THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE>

< start="11847.201" dur="3.637">RELATIONSHIP.>

< start="11847.768" dur="4.605">YES, WE PLUSSED UP UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="11849.771" dur="4.637">BENEFITS FOR THE STATES SO THAT>

< start="11850.938" dur="5.606">THEY ARE NOT OVERWHELMED, BUT WE>

< start="11852.473" dur="5.439">MADE SURE THAT THE EMPLOYER HAD>

< start="11854.508" dur="6.34">THE LIQUIDITY TO KEEP THESE>

< start="11856.644" dur="6.74">PEOPLE EMPLOYED.>

< start="11858.012" dur="7.107">AND IN THAT VAIN, WE -- VEIN, WE>

< start="11860.948" dur="5.839">DID NOT WANT TO HAVE A LIQUIDITY>

< start="11863.484" dur="4.772">CRISIS WHICH WE COULD VERY WELL>

< start="11865.219" dur="5.406">HAVE RIGHT NOW BECAUSE OF>

< start="11866.887" dur="5.373">SHUTTING THESE BUSINESSES DOWN.>

< start="11868.356" dur="4.471">WE DIDN'T WANT THAT LIQUIDITY>

< start="11870.725" dur="5.071">CRISIS TO TURN INTO AN>

< start="11872.36" dur="3.669">INSOLVENCY CRISIS.>

< start="11872.927" dur="4.705">WE CAN DEAL WITH A LIQUIDITY>

< start="11875.896" dur="3.237">ISSUE.>

< start="11876.13" dur="4.271">IT'S EASY TO COME BACK AND DEAL>

< start="11877.732" dur="3.203">WITH COMPANIES THAT HAVE GONE>

< start="11879.233" dur="2.736">INSOLVENT AND ARE NOW IN>

< start="11880.501" dur="2.069">BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS.>

< start="11881.035" dur="2.636">THAT IS A VERY LONG AND>

< start="11882.102" dur="1.802">DIFFICULT PROCESS.>

< start="11882.67" dur="2.836">IT'S DIFFICULT TO COME BACK>

< start="11883.771" dur="3.437">FROM.>

< start="11884.005" dur="6.84">WE DO NOT WANT TO DO THAT.>

< start="11885.606" dur="5.673">THAT WAS THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF>

< start="11887.308" dur="4.871">MOST OF THE FACETS OF THIS BILL.>

< start="11890.945" dur="2.769">SOME $2 TRILLION.>

< start="11891.379" dur="3.803">I WILL SAY THIS ABOUT THAT -->

< start="11892.279" dur="4.405">THERE ARE TWO MAJOR COMPONENTS>

< start="11893.814" dur="4.405">TO DO THAT.>

< start="11895.282" dur="4.171">ONE IS A SMALL BUSINESS -- NOW,>

< start="11896.784" dur="3.937">A LITTLE OVER 50% OF THE PEOPLE>

< start="11898.319" dur="4.104">WHO WORK IN AMERICA WORK FOR>

< start="11899.553" dur="5.005">COMPANIES THAT HAVE 500>

< start="11900.821" dur="4.839">EMPLOYEES OR FEWER.>

< start="11902.523" dur="4.671">THAT'S A NEW LEARNING FOR ME.>

< start="11904.658" dur="3.204">THAT'S CHANGED DRAMATICALLY.>

< start="11905.76" dur="4.604">BUT IT IS THE ENGINE -- THIS IS>

< start="11907.294" dur="3.337">NOT NEW NEWS.>

< start="11907.962" dur="5.205">THIS IS THE ENGINE OF NEW JOB>

< start="11910.464" dur="2.936">GROWTH.>

< start="11910.731" dur="6.473">WE KNOW THAT, IN THE LAST THREE>

< start="11913.267" dur="7.074">YEARS.>

< start="11913.501" dur="7.941">WE HAVE $350 BILLION DIRECTLY>

< start="11917.304" dur="5.973">TARGETED TOWARD THOSE SMALL>

< start="11920.441" dur="4.338">BUSINESS -- SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="11921.542" dur="5.806">WHO CAN THEN BY THE WAY GO TO>

< start="11923.377" dur="4.538">THEIR EXISTING LOCAL BANKER AND>

< start="11924.879" dur="3.336">GET THIS FACILITY DONE, A>

< start="11927.448" dur="3.804">GOVERNMENT-BACKED LOAN>

< start="11928.015" dur="5.139">GUARANTEE.>

< start="11928.315" dur="7.274">IN ADDITION TO THAT, THERE IS>

< start="11931.352" dur="6.173">$454 BILLION DIRECTED AT OTHER>

< start="11933.254" dur="5.572">BUSINESSES, PLUS ANOTHER>

< start="11935.689" dur="4.405">$58 BILLION TOWARD STRATEGICALLY>

< start="11937.625" dur="4.004">IMPORTANT INDUSTRIES LIKE OUR>

< start="11938.926" dur="4.371">AIRLINE INDUSTRY AND SO FORTH.>

< start="11940.194" dur="5.939">AND AGAIN, MOST OF THIS MONEY IS>

< start="11941.729" dur="5.973">IN THE FORM OF LOAN GUARANTEES>

< start="11943.397" dur="4.605">TO PROVIDE LIQUIDITY TO KEEP THE>

< start="11946.233" dur="3.037">EMPLOYEE EMPLOYED WITH THEIR>

< start="11947.802" dur="2.169">EMPLOYER.>

< start="11948.102" dur="3.136">IT'S NO MORE DIFFICULT THAN>

< start="11949.37" dur="3.103">THAT.>

< start="11950.071" dur="4.804">BUT ONE OTHER THING THAT IS NOT>

< start="11951.338" dur="4.305">BEING TALKED ABOUT, AND I WANT>

< start="11952.573" dur="4.471">TO HIGHLIGHT THIS, AND THAT IS>

< start="11954.975" dur="4.105">$454 BILLION IS HISTORIC.>

< start="11955.743" dur="6.206">THAT'S A LOT OF MONEY.>

< start="11957.144" dur="6.173">BUT IT HAS THE ABILITY THROUGH>

< start="11959.18" dur="5.472">THE TREASURY THAT THEY CAN>

< start="11962.049" dur="4.571">ACTUALLY LEVERAGE THAT UP IN>

< start="11963.417" dur="5.039">TERMS OF THE WAY THE MONEY GOES>

< start="11964.752" dur="4.038">OUT TO BANKS, IT CAN BE LEVERED>

< start="11966.72" dur="4.105">UP TO $3 TRILLION OR>

< start="11968.556" dur="4.471">$4 TRILLION.>

< start="11968.89" dur="5.438">WHAT WE ARE TALKING ABOUT IS THE>

< start="11970.925" dur="4.304">POTENTIAL OF UP TO $5 TRILLION>

< start="11973.127" dur="4.071">OF LIQUIDITY INTO OUR ECONOMY.>

< start="11974.428" dur="4.471">THIS IS HISTORIC.>

< start="11975.329" dur="4.938">IT SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO SHOCK THE>

< start="11977.298" dur="4.07">SYSTEM TO SEE, OKAY, THERE IS>

< start="11978.999" dur="3.904">GOING TO BE LIQUIDITY HERE.>

< start="11980.367" dur="3.604">THERE MAY BE SOME GROWING PAINS>

< start="11981.468" dur="4.105">IN THE EARLY DAYS, BUT THE>

< start="11983.003" dur="3.904">LIQUIDITY IS GOING TO BE THERE>

< start="11984.071" dur="4.772">TO WEATHER THIS STORM, TO BRIDGE>

< start="11985.673" dur="5.405">THIS CRISIS.>

< start="11987.007" dur="5.206">I WANT TO LOOK AT WHAT'S NEXT.>

< start="11988.943" dur="4.771">TALK ABOUT THIS TRANSITION PHASE>

< start="11991.178" dur="3.704">AND MAYBE EVEN THE RECOVERY>

< start="11992.313" dur="4.805">PHASE FOR A SECOND.>

< start="11993.814" dur="3.937">THE FIRST THING WE HAVE TO DO,>

< start="11994.982" dur="4.104">WE HAVE TO REALLY LEARN FROM>

< start="11997.218" dur="2.101">OTHER COUNTRIES.>

< start="11997.852" dur="3.069">THEY ARE AHEAD OF US IN THE>

< start="11999.186" dur="3.437">CYCLE.>

< start="11999.42" dur="4.571">FOR EXAMPLE, IT TOOK ABOUT SIX>

< start="12001.021" dur="4.572">TO EIGHT WEEKS FOR CHINA, EVEN>

< start="12002.723" dur="4.338">WITH THEIR MISTAKES, IT TOOK>

< start="12004.091" dur="3.437">ABOUT SIX TO EIGHT WEEKS TO GO>

< start="12005.693" dur="4.771">FROM ZERO TO THEIR MAXIMUM>

< start="12007.161" dur="3.804">NUMBER.>

< start="12007.628" dur="5.372">BUT WE KNOW THAT THE DISEASE HAS>

< start="12010.564" dur="4.505">A LIFE CYCLE.>

< start="12011.065" dur="6.039">SOMEBODY IS INFECTED WITH IT, IF>

< start="12013.1" dur="5.439">THEY SURVIVE, THEY COME ON THE>

< start="12015.169" dur="4.538">BACKSIDE, AND SO FAR THERE IS>

< start="12017.204" dur="3.237">OVER 70,000 PEOPLE THAT HAVE HAD>

< start="12018.639" dur="3.404">THE DISEASE IN CHINA AND ARE>

< start="12019.807" dur="5.072">HEALTHY NOW.>

< start="12020.541" dur="5.672">WE KNOW FROM ANECDOTAL EVIDENCE>

< start="12022.143" dur="5.338">ON THE GROUND THAT ABOUT 80% OF>

< start="12024.979" dur="4.671">THE EMPLOYED WORKERS IN CHINA>

< start="12026.313" dur="3.671">ARE BEGINNING TO GO BACK TO>

< start="12027.581" dur="5.506">WORK, AND ALMOST 90% OF>

< start="12029.783" dur="6.207">FACTORIES.>

< start="12030.084" dur="6.206">THIS IS OUTSIDE OF HUBEI>

< start="12033.187" dur="4.504">PROVINCE, OUTSIDE OF WUHAN>

< start="12036.09" dur="2.769">PROVINCE.>

< start="12036.39" dur="3.771">THEY ARE GOING BACK TO WORK.>

< start="12037.791" dur="2.637">IN SOUTH KOREA, THE LEARNING>

< start="12038.959" dur="4.371">THERE IS TESTING, TESTING,>

< start="12040.261" dur="3.369">TESTING.>

< start="12040.528" dur="5.505">MORE THAN THAT, THEY ALSO TRACK>

< start="12043.43" dur="3.904">CONTACTS.>

< start="12043.73" dur="4.605">THERE ARE 350 MILLION PEOPLE IN>

< start="12046.133" dur="3.27">SOUTH KOREA.>

< start="12047.434" dur="3.237">WE HAVE 330 MILLION.>

< start="12048.436" dur="3.169">BUT IN CERTAIN CITIES AND>

< start="12049.503" dur="3.27">STATES, THEY CAN CERTAINLY LOOK>

< start="12050.771" dur="3.871">AT DOING THAT.>

< start="12051.705" dur="4.939">SO WE HAVE TO LEARN FROM>

< start="12052.873" dur="5.206">COMPANIES LIKE SOUTH KOREA,>

< start="12054.742" dur="4.404">JAPAN, SINGAPORE, HONG KONG,>

< start="12056.744" dur="3.103">AUSTRALIA, AND EVEN CHINA>

< start="12058.179" dur="2.936">BECAUSE THEY ARE AHEAD OF US IN>

< start="12059.246" dur="3.671">THIS CYCLE.>

< start="12059.947" dur="4.505">WE SHOULD BE IN THE FIRST FEW>

< start="12061.215" dur="4.872">WEEKS OF THIS CYCLE GOING FROM>

< start="12063.017" dur="4.638">OUR -- FROM ZERO TO WHATEVER OUR>

< start="12064.552" dur="3.904">MAXIMUM NUMBER IS, BUT IT'S THE>

< start="12066.187" dur="4.871">NUMBER OF ACTIVE CASES THAT'S>

< start="12067.755" dur="5.472">THE MOST IMPORTANT.>

< start="12068.556" dur="6.039">NOT THE NUMBER OF TOTAL CASES.>

< start="12071.158" dur="6.774">SO THE MORTALITY RATE IS YET TO>

< start="12073.327" dur="6.44">BE DETERMINED BECAUSE WE DON'T>

< start="12074.695" dur="6.907">REALLY KNOW THE DENOMINATOR, BUT>

< start="12078.032" dur="4.438">I BELIEVE IF WE TEST MORE THAN>

< start="12079.867" dur="3.87">THAT AND THE ACCELERATION CURVE>

< start="12081.702" dur="3.504">ACCORDING TO VICE PRESIDENT>

< start="12082.57" dur="3.236">PENCE IS UNDER WAY RIGHT NOW>

< start="12083.837" dur="3.137">THAT WE WILL HAVE THAT ABILITY>

< start="12085.306" dur="2.736">TO DO.>

< start="12085.906" dur="3.504">CONTACT TRACKING IS ANOTHER.>

< start="12087.074" dur="2.703">THEN ISOLATION IS ANOTHER ONE WE>

< start="12088.142" dur="2.769">HAVE TO THINK ABOUT,>

< start="12089.51" dur="3.27">UNFORTUNATELY.>

< start="12089.877" dur="4.137">WE HAVE HOT SPOTS.>

< start="12091.011" dur="4.505">IN THE EBOLA CRISIS IN AFRICA,>

< start="12092.88" dur="4.605">WHAT WE LEARNED FROM THE MEDICAL>

< start="12094.114" dur="6.507">COMMUNITY WAS IF THEY COULD PUT>

< start="12095.616" dur="7.374">A FULL-COURT PRESS ON THE AREAS>

< start="12097.585" dur="6.74">OF FLARING WHERE WE HAD THE>

< start="12100.721" dur="4.638">DISEASE FLARE UP AND ISOLATE IT>

< start="12103.09" dur="2.736">WHERE THEY DIDN'T HAVE PEOPLE>

< start="12104.425" dur="4.638">TRAVELING OUTSIDE OF THOSE>

< start="12105.459" dur="7.341">AREAS.>

< start="12105.926" dur="8.509">ISOLATION BY GEOGRAPHY AND>

< start="12109.163" dur="7.307">DEMOCRAT GRABBY ARE -->

< start="12112.9" dur="3.837">DEMOGRAPHY ARE CALLED FOR.>

< start="12114.535" dur="3.47">THE THIRD THING I WILL HIGHLIGHT>

< start="12116.57" dur="3.237">BRIEFLY.>

< start="12116.837" dur="4.238">I BELIEVE RIGHT NOW THIS SHOWS>

< start="12118.105" dur="3.203">WE WERE BEHIND IN TERMS OF OUR>

< start="12119.907" dur="2.436">PREPARATION FOR A PANDEMIC LIKE>

< start="12121.175" dur="2.769">THIS.>

< start="12121.409" dur="4.804">THERE IS NO QUESTION ABOUT IT.>

< start="12122.443" dur="5.305">IN THE COUNTRY AND THE WORLD.>

< start="12124.044" dur="5.606">WE CAN POINT FINGERS AND BLAME,>

< start="12126.313" dur="5.306">THAT'S NOT MY PURPOSE TODAY.>

< start="12127.848" dur="5.839">WHAT I WANT TO TALK ABOUT IS>

< start="12129.75" dur="6.507">THIS -- IN AMERICA AND IF WE CAN>

< start="12131.719" dur="6.006">BRING THE WORLD'S RESOURCES WITH>

< start="12133.787" dur="4.538">DATA, THIS IS THE BIG THING.>

< start="12136.357" dur="3.069">WE HAVE LIMITED DATA IN THE>

< start="12137.825" dur="1.868">UNITED STATES.>

< start="12138.425" dur="3.07">OTHER COUNTRIES HAVE A LOT OF>

< start="12139.526" dur="4.238">DATA.>

< start="12139.793" dur="6.273">I BELIEVE IF WE AGGREGATE THAT>

< start="12141.595" dur="6.006">DATA AND CREATE A MANHATTAN>

< start="12143.864" dur="5.472">PROJECT TYPE EFFORT TO GO TOWARD>

< start="12146.166" dur="5.373">VACCINES AND TREATMENTS, THAT WE>

< start="12147.701" dur="5.539">CAN ABSOLUTELY BE READY FOR FLU>

< start="12149.436" dur="4.905">SEASON NEXT YEAR IF, IN FACT,>

< start="12151.639" dur="4.905">THIS PARTICULAR COVID-19 VIRUS>

< start="12153.34" dur="3.637">HAS A ISN'T.>

< start="12154.441" dur="3.904">WE DON'T KNOW -- HAS A>

< start="12156.644" dur="3.136">SEASONALITY.>

< start="12157.077" dur="3.537">WE DON'T KNOW THAT YET.>

< start="12158.445" dur="3.337">IN CONCLUSION, MR. PRESIDENT,>

< start="12159.88" dur="2.169">THERE IS NO QUESTION THAT THIS>

< start="12160.714" dur="3.37">IS A MOMENT OF CHALLENGE IN>

< start="12161.882" dur="5.205">AMERICA.>

< start="12162.149" dur="6.407">I WILL SAY THIS, THAT PRESIDENT>

< start="12164.184" dur="4.872">TRUMP, FOR ALL HIS DETRACTORS,>

< start="12167.187" dur="3.204">EARLY ON STEPPED UP AND WAS A>

< start="12168.656" dur="4.604">STRONG LEADER.>

< start="12169.156" dur="6.273">I SAID THIS YEFERL YEARS AGO.>

< start="12170.491" dur="6.506">HE REMINDED ME OF WIN SECTION>

< start="12173.36" dur="4.772">CHURCHILL, IRASCIBLE BUT>

< start="12175.529" dur="2.836">EFFECTIVE IN GETTING RESULTS.>

< start="12177.097" dur="2.903">THAT'S WHAT WE HAVE HAD EARLY>

< start="12178.232" dur="3.704">ON.>

< start="12178.466" dur="4.804">RIGHT NOW, WE NEED A STEADY HAND>

< start="12180.1" dur="3.437">TO MAKE SURE WE DON'T KILL THE>

< start="12182.036" dur="3.036">ECONOMY WHILE WE KILL THIS>

< start="12183.37" dur="3.504">DISEASE.>

< start="12183.637" dur="4.972">MY ONLY POINT IS IN THIS>

< start="12185.172" dur="4.671">TRANSITION PERIOD -- AND NOBODY>

< start="12186.974" dur="4.638">HAS ALL THE ANSWERS YET -- WE>

< start="12188.709" dur="4.304">NEED TO START ASKING THE>

< start="12189.943" dur="4.105">QUESTIONS OF WHAT CAN WE DO IN>

< start="12191.712" dur="3.704">THIS TRANSITION PERIOD TO FIND A>

< start="12193.113" dur="4.905">BALANCE BETWEEN PROTECTING LIFE>

< start="12194.148" dur="5.605">AND PROTECTING THE ECONOMY LONG>

< start="12195.516" dur="5.238">TERM SO THAT WHEN PEOPLE GET>

< start="12198.118" dur="3.704">WELL, THEY WILL HAVE A JOB TO GO>

< start="12199.853" dur="3.871">BACK TO AND WE WILL HAVE AN>

< start="12200.854" dur="7.441">ECONOMY THAT CAN HELP THE WORLD>

< start="12201.922" dur="7.274">PREPARE FOR THE NEXT PANDEMIC>

< start="12203.824" dur="6.84">THAT WE ARE TALKING ABOUT HERE.>

< start="12208.395" dur="3.337">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE THE>

< start="12209.296" dur="3.57">BEST SPIRIT, I BELIEVE, IN THE>

< start="12210.764" dur="2.369">HISTORY OF THE WORLD WHEN IT>

< start="12211.832" dur="2.536">COMES TO DEALING WITH THIS>

< start="12212.966" dur="2.436">CRISIS.>

< start="12213.233" dur="3.037">I HAVE TALKED ABOUT A COUPLE OF>

< start="12214.468" dur="2.536">EXAMPLES IN MY STATE.>

< start="12215.502" dur="4.071">THE AIRLINES RIGHT NOW ARE>

< start="12216.37" dur="4.271">ANOTHER ONE.>

< start="12217.104" dur="4.771">I KNOW THAT DELTA IS ONE OF THE>

< start="12219.673" dur="4.071">PRIMARY AIRLINE CARRIERS WE HAVE>

< start="12220.741" dur="3.236">IN THE COUNTRY.>

< start="12221.975" dur="3.904">THEY ARE KEEPING SOME FLIGHTS>

< start="12223.844" dur="2.97">ON.>

< start="12224.078" dur="3.003">I KNOW I HAVE A RESERVATION ON A>

< start="12225.979" dur="4.204">COMMERCIAL FLIGHT LATER THIS>

< start="12226.914" dur="5.272">WEEK.>

< start="12227.181" dur="5.572">I ASKED MY ASSISTANT ARE YOU>

< start="12230.283" dur="3.471">SURE I WILL GET A SEAT ON THAT>

< start="12232.286" dur="2.869">PLANE?>

< start="12232.853" dur="2.87">SHE SAID THERE ARE ONLY FIVE>

< start="12233.854" dur="2.936">PEOPLE WHO HAVE BOOKED A SEAT ON>

< start="12235.255" dur="3.504">THAT PLANE.>

< start="12235.823" dur="3.236">SO IT SHOWS THAT PEOPLE ARE>

< start="12236.89" dur="3.637">TRYING TO DO THEIR PART HERE.>

< start="12238.859" dur="3.404">NEIGHBORS.>

< start="12239.159" dur="4.505">PEOPLE GOING TO GROCERY STORES>

< start="12240.627" dur="4.605">FOR THEIR NEIGHBORS, TAKING CARE>

< start="12242.363" dur="4.638">OF PICKING UP MAIL, DOING>

< start="12243.764" dur="4.404">ANYTHING THEY CAN TO PROTECT THE>

< start="12245.332" dur="3.771">PEOPLE THAT ARE AT RISK.>

< start="12247.101" dur="3.47">IN SMALL COMMUNITIES, WE KNOW>

< start="12248.268" dur="3.137">HOW TO DO THAT.>

< start="12249.203" dur="2.803">IN MAJOR CITIES, IT'S MORE>

< start="12250.671" dur="2.836">DIFFICULT, BUT IT'S EVEN>

< start="12251.505" dur="2.369">POSSIBLE THERE.>

< start="12252.106" dur="3.57">I WILL CONCLUDE WITH THIS,>

< start="12253.607" dur="3.404">MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="12253.974" dur="4.405">THERE IS A DAY COMING, IT'S NOT>

< start="12255.776" dur="3.737">THAT FAR OFF, THAT WE WILL BE>

< start="12257.111" dur="4.237">BEHIND THE TOP END OF THIS CURVE>

< start="12258.479" dur="3.87">IN AMERICA.>

< start="12259.613" dur="4.171">WE WILL HAVE LOST SOME LIVES.>

< start="12261.448" dur="3.938">THAT'S UNFORTUNATE.>

< start="12262.449" dur="4.738">WE ALL REGRET THAT.>

< start="12263.884" dur="5.506">BUT WHAT WE HAVE TO DO NOW IS TO>

< start="12265.486" dur="5.038">MAKE SURE WE PREPARE OURSELVES>

< start="12267.287" dur="4.271">FOR THIS TRANSITION PHASE THAT>

< start="12269.49" dur="4.004">WHILE WE ARE COMING AND STILL>

< start="12270.624" dur="4.938">DEALING WITH PEOPLE WHO ARE>

< start="12271.658" dur="5.272">GETTING THE DISEASE, THE DISEASE>

< start="12273.594" dur="4.838">IS ON THE WANE, AND THE ECONOMY>

< start="12275.662" dur="3.704">NEEDS TO BE BROUGHT BACK SO WE>

< start="12277.03" dur="3.704">CAN MAKE SURE THAT WE CAN>

< start="12278.532" dur="3.17">PREPARE THIS COUNTRY FOR THE>

< start="12279.466" dur="17.084">NEXT ROUND THAT WE MAY OR MAY>

< start="12280.834" dur="17.017">NOT SEE IN THE FUTURE.>

< start="12281.802" dur="17.084">WITH THAT, I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="12296.683" dur="5.139">MR. RUBIO: I RECEIVED A CALL A>

< start="12297.951" dur="5.106">FEW HOURS AGO FROM SOMEONE I>

< start="12298.986" dur="6.039">HAVE KNOWN FOR A LONG TIME, A>

< start="12301.922" dur="5.005">GENTLEMAN I WOULD SAY IN HIS>

< start="12303.157" dur="6.139">EARLY TO MID 90'S, AND HE WANTED>

< start="12305.125" dur="4.471">ME TO STOP SAYING THAT WHAT WE>

< start="12307.027" dur="4.338">ARE FACING IS AN UNPRECEDENTED>

< start="12309.396" dur="3.837">CHALLENGE.>

< start="12309.696" dur="4.772">I WAS TAKEN ABACK.>

< start="12311.465" dur="5.772">I MEAN, NONE OF US HAVE EVER>

< start="12313.333" dur="5.539">LIVED THROUGH ANYTHING LIKE THIS>

< start="12314.568" dur="5.572">OR CONFRONTED A SITUATION AS>

< start="12317.337" dur="3.971">PAINFUL OR SO DRAMATIC.>

< start="12318.972" dur="5.272">AND SO HE CHALLENGED ME TO DO>

< start="12320.24" dur="7.541">SOMETHING THAT I HAD ACTUALLY>

< start="12321.408" dur="7.574">DONE A FEW YEARS AGO, BUT AS IT>

< start="12324.344" dur="6.34">SHOWS, EVEN A FEW YEARS ERODES>

< start="12327.881" dur="4.205">MEMORY ABOUT THINGS THAT>

< start="12329.082" dur="4.038">HAPPENED LONG IN THE PAST.>

< start="12330.784" dur="4.138">HE CHALLENGED ME TO SAY, YOU>

< start="12332.186" dur="4.137">KNOW, EVERYBODY IS COMPARING>

< start="12333.22" dur="5.439">THIS TO THE LAST TIME WE HAD>

< start="12335.022" dur="5.672">SOMETHING LIKE THIS, IT REQUIRED>

< start="12336.423" dur="6.073">THE NATION TO REACT LIKE WE DID>

< start="12338.759" dur="6.74">IN WORLD WAR II.>

< start="12340.794" dur="6.84">AND SO IT CAUSED ME TO GO BACK>

< start="12342.596" dur="6.774">AND LOOK A LITTLE BIT AT THE>

< start="12345.599" dur="5.072">YEARS BEFORE THAT GREAT AND>

< start="12347.734" dur="6.807">BLOODY CONFLICT.>

< start="12349.47" dur="9.009">IT'S INTERESTING, IN THE YEARS>

< start="12350.771" dur="8.575">LEADING UP TO 1941, PRESIDENT>

< start="12354.641" dur="6.34">ROOSEVELT HAD AN EFFORT TO BACK>

< start="12358.579" dur="5.505">THE SUPREME COURT.>

< start="12359.446" dur="4.871">IT WAS INCREDIBLY CONTROVERSIAL.>

< start="12361.081" dur="5.205">IT ENDED UP FALLING APART IN>

< start="12364.184" dur="3.237">1937.>

< start="12364.418" dur="5.038">IT ENDED UP FALLING APART,>

< start="12366.386" dur="7.375">ACTUALLY, BECAUSE MEMBERS OF HIS>

< start="12367.521" dur="7.975">OWN PARTY TURNED AGAINST HIM,>

< start="12369.556" dur="6.841">AND IT ACTUALLY WEAKENED ANYMORE>

< start="12373.861" dur="4.804">IN -- HIM IN THAT TAIL END OF>

< start="12375.596" dur="4.204">HIS SECOND DEAL.>

< start="12376.497" dur="5.505">PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT WAS SO UPSET>

< start="12378.765" dur="5.373">ABOUT WHAT MEMBERS OF HIS OWN>

< start="12379.9" dur="6.139">PARTY HAD DONE TO HIM THAT IN>

< start="12382.102" dur="6.84">1938, HE DID SOMETHING>

< start="12384.238" dur="6.773">UNPRECEDENTED AT THE TIME.>

< start="12386.139" dur="6.007">HE GOT INVOLVED IN DEMOCRATIC>

< start="12389.042" dur="5.806">PRIMARIES AND TRIED TO DEFEAT,>

< start="12391.111" dur="5.572">TAKE OUT MEMBERS OF HIS OWN>

< start="12392.246" dur="5.872">PARTY WHO HAD OPPOSED HIM.>

< start="12394.948" dur="5.005">NOT ONLY DID HE LOSE BADLY IN>

< start="12396.816" dur="4.139">THAT EFFORT -- I THINK HE ONLY>

< start="12398.218" dur="6.106">WON ONE OF THOSE SEATS THAT HE>

< start="12400.053" dur="7.141">WENT AFTER -- AS A RESULT OF>

< start="12401.055" dur="9.676">WHAT HE DID, HIS PARTY LOST SIX>

< start="12404.424" dur="7.808">SEATS IN THE SENATE, 71 IN THE>

< start="12407.294" dur="6.74">HOUSE, AND ULTIMATELY IN THIS>

< start="12410.831" dur="5.505">VERY CHAMBER, A REPUBLICAN,>

< start="12412.332" dur="6.24">ROBERT TAFT, WAS ABLE TO PUT>

< start="12414.134" dur="7.007">TOGETHER A COALITION WITH>

< start="12416.436" dur="6.841">CONSERVATIVE DEMOCRATS AND>

< start="12418.672" dur="5.506">BASICALLY BLOCK PRESIDENT>

< start="12421.241" dur="5.439">ROOSEVELT'S AGENDA LEADING INTO>

< start="12423.377" dur="4.871">1940.>

< start="12424.278" dur="5.138">THEN IN 1940, ROOSEVELT DID>

< start="12426.78" dur="3.003">SOMETHING ELSE THAT WAS>

< start="12428.348" dur="2.336">UNPRECEDENTED AND HIGHLY>

< start="12429.516" dur="2.503">CONTROVERSIAL.>

< start="12429.883" dur="5.005">HE ANNOUNCED, ALTHOUGH IT WAS>

< start="12430.784" dur="7.775">LEGAL, THAT HE WAS RUNNING FOR A>

< start="12432.119" dur="8.041">THIRD TERM.>

< start="12434.988" dur="7.374">HE WAS AT THAT POINT DEFYING A>

< start="12438.659" dur="5.005">LONG PRECEDENT THAT HAD BEEN SET>

< start="12440.26" dur="5.072">BY THE NATION'S FIRST PRESIDENT.>

< start="12442.462" dur="4.338">AND THEN TO MAKE MATTERS EVEN>

< start="12443.764" dur="5.806">MORE INTERESTING, HIS OWN VICE>

< start="12445.432" dur="5.305">PRESIDENT WHO HAD TURNED ON HIM>

< start="12446.9" dur="6.307">ON THE COURT ISSUE, HE HAD TO>

< start="12449.67" dur="4.571">KICK HIM OFF THE BALLOT.>

< start="12450.837" dur="8.976">IN FACT, HE TOLD HIM IF YOU>

< start="12453.307" dur="9.442">NOMINATE HIM AS VICE PRESIDENT,>

< start="12454.341" dur="8.809">I WILL REFUSE THE NOMINATION.>

< start="12459.913" dur="5.806">ULTIMATELY HE WAS REELECTED ON A>

< start="12462.849" dur="4.271">PROMISE.>

< start="12463.25" dur="4.204">HE HAD TO MAKE A PROMISE.>

< start="12465.819" dur="5.272">I WILL KEEP THIS COUNTRY OUT OF>

< start="12467.22" dur="5.072">WAR.>

< start="12467.554" dur="6.64">THIS SETS THE STAGE GOING INTO>

< start="12471.191" dur="5.139">NOVEMBER, DECEMBER 1940.>

< start="12472.392" dur="6.273">A PRESIDENT THAT SPENT THE LAST>

< start="12474.294" dur="6.373">THREE YEARS BATTLING HIS OWN>

< start="12476.43" dur="6.807">PARTY, SEEN HIS OWN AGENDA>

< start="12478.765" dur="6.307">SLOWED AND STIFLED AND HAD TO>

< start="12480.767" dur="5.506">KICK OUT HIS OWN VICE PRESIDENT>

< start="12483.337" dur="4.571">AFTER LOSING A LARGE NUMBER OF>

< start="12485.172" dur="4.571">SEATS IN THE HOUSE AND SENATE,>

< start="12486.373" dur="4.872">HAS A COALITION FORMED AGAINST>

< start="12488.008" dur="4.338">HIM TO BLOCK HIM AND THEN HAS TO>

< start="12489.843" dur="4.171">MAKE A PROMISE, WE'RE NOT GOING>

< start="12491.345" dur="4.838">TO WAR.>

< start="12492.446" dur="5.472">ALL THE WHILE UNDERSTANDING THAT>

< start="12494.114" dur="5.873">WHAT WAS HAPPENING IN EUROPE>

< start="12496.283" dur="5.973">WOULD EVENTUALLY REACH US AND HE>

< start="12498.018" dur="6.774">WAS PREPARING FOR WAR.>

< start="12500.087" dur="6.64">AND WHILE HE MADE THAT PROMISE>

< start="12502.356" dur="5.172">WAS PRETTY FUNDAMENTAL.>

< start="12504.892" dur="3.97">GOING TO WAR WAS NOT POPULAR IN>

< start="12506.827" dur="3.103">THIS COUNTRY.>

< start="12507.628" dur="3.937">MILLIONS OF AMERICANS,>

< start="12508.962" dur="4.405">PARTICULARLY THOSE AT THE TIME>

< start="12510.03" dur="3.637">YOU COULDN'T REALLY TRAVEL>

< start="12511.665" dur="7.241">ABROAD, HAD NO CONNECTIONS TO>

< start="12513.467" dur="7.14">EUROPE.>

< start="12513.767" dur="9.376">THEY LOOKED AT WORLD WAR I AS A>

< start="12519.006" dur="6.006">EUROPEAN WAR AND WORLD WAR II AS>

< start="12520.707" dur="7.675">A WAR THAT HAD TO DO WITH>

< start="12523.243" dur="8.208">EUROPEANS AND NOT WITH THEM.>

< start="12525.112" dur="7.541">PROMINENT VOICES, CHIEF AMONG>

< start="12528.482" dur="6.573">THEM, CHARLES LINDBERGH WHO>

< start="12531.551" dur="5.406">TRAVELED THE COUNTRY BLASTING>

< start="12532.753" dur="6.106">THE PRESIDENT AS A WARMONGER IN>

< start="12535.155" dur="4.605">THE STRONGEST POSSIBLE TERMS.>

< start="12537.057" dur="4.304">THERE WAS ACTUALLY A STUDENT>

< start="12538.959" dur="4.805">ANTIWAR MOVEMENT.>

< start="12539.86" dur="7.941">NOW, NOT AS MANY PEOPLE WENT TO>

< start="12541.461" dur="7.675">COLLEGE AT THAT TIME AS DID IN>

< start="12543.864" dur="5.505">THE 1960'S, BUT IT WAS REALLY A>

< start="12547.901" dur="3.103">PRECURSOR TO THAT MOVEMENT.>

< start="12549.236" dur="3.37">WHY?>

< start="12549.47" dur="5.271">BECAUSE THESE PEOPLE IN COLLEGE>

< start="12551.104" dur="4.672">WERE THE ONES THAT WOULD BE SENT>

< start="12552.706" dur="7.574">TO WAR IF THERE WAS ONE AND THEY>

< start="12554.841" dur="9.844">WANTED NO PART OF IT.>

< start="12555.876" dur="11.978">AND THEN IN THE BLINK OF AN EYE>

< start="12560.38" dur="9.51">AT 7:48 A.M. ON DECEMBER 7, 194>

< start="12564.785" dur="8.708">1-RBGS THE JAPANESE ATTACKED -->

< start="12567.954" dur="8.876">1941, THE JAPANESE ATTACKED THE>

< start="12569.99" dur="11.378">U.S. NAVAL BASE PEARL HARBOR,>

< start="12573.593" dur="9.844">SUNK FOUR OF OUR BATTLESHIPS, WE>

< start="12576.93" dur="9.243">LOST ALMOST 200 AIRPLANES AND 23>

< start="12581.468" dur="6.84">AMERICANS PERISHED.>

< start="12583.537" dur="5.071">IT REMAINED THE THIRD BLOODIEST>

< start="12586.273" dur="4.338">DAY OF THAT VERY BLOODY>

< start="12588.408" dur="5.039">CONFLICT.>

< start="12588.708" dur="5.339">AMERICA WAS NOT READY FOR WAR.>

< start="12590.711" dur="5.071">THEY HAD STARTED A DRAFT BY A>

< start="12593.547" dur="3.136">ONE-VOTE MARGIN.>

< start="12594.147" dur="5.206">THEY WERE ABLE TO VOTE IT INTO>

< start="12595.882" dur="5.005">PLACE.>

< start="12596.783" dur="5.906">THEY HAD -- WE HAD LOST A>

< start="12599.453" dur="4.604">SIGNIFICANT PERCENTAGE OF OUR>

< start="12600.987" dur="5.172">PACIFIC FLEET AND, FRANKLY, TO>

< start="12602.789" dur="4.839">THIS DAY THERE ARE LEGITIMATE>

< start="12604.157" dur="5.673">QUESTIONS NOT ABOUT WHETHER THE>

< start="12606.259" dur="5.272">ROOSEVELT ADMINISTRATION KNEW IN>

< start="12607.728" dur="4.07">ADVANCE THAT THIS WAS HAPPENING>

< start="12609.93" dur="4.371">AND ALLOWED THE ATTACK TO>

< start="12611.631" dur="4.705">HAPPEN.>

< start="12611.898" dur="4.738">THIS IS A CONSPIRACY THEORY.>

< start="12614.401" dur="4.771">THIS WAS A MASSIVE INTELLIGENCE>

< start="12616.436" dur="5.673">FAILURE.>

< start="12616.736" dur="6.974">UP TO 30 MINUTES BEFORE THE>

< start="12619.272" dur="6.474">ATTACK, THE AMBASSADOR TO JAPAN>

< start="12622.209" dur="4.971">WAS NEGOTIATING WITH THE UNITED>

< start="12623.81" dur="3.603">STATES OVER AN OIL EMBARGO AND>

< start="12625.846" dur="3.97">AMERICA WAS NOT A SOCIETY OF>

< start="12627.28" dur="4.939">PEACE.>

< start="12627.514" dur="6.406">THIS WAS A NATION DEEPLY>

< start="12629.916" dur="5.206">DIVIDED, A SEGREGATED NATION>

< start="12632.319" dur="5.472">THAT DISCRIMINATED AGAINST>

< start="12634.02" dur="5.439">CITIZENS OF COLOR.>

< start="12635.222" dur="4.537">THERE WERE VERY SERIOUS LABOR>

< start="12637.891" dur="4.037">DISPUTES GOING ON THROUGHOUT THE>

< start="12639.559" dur="5.573">COUNTRY.>

< start="12639.859" dur="5.673">MANY STILL WAR THE SCARS OF A>

< start="12642.028" dur="5.84">DEEP AND PAINFUL ECONOMIC>

< start="12645.232" dur="5.338">DEPRESSION.>

< start="12645.632" dur="7.341">AND, YET, IN THE BLINK OF AN EYE>

< start="12647.968" dur="6.74">THIS NATION WAS CONFRONTED WITH>

< start="12650.67" dur="6.941">AN ENEMY AND HAD NO CHOICE BUT>

< start="12653.073" dur="5.472">TO PUT ASIDE ALL THAT HAD>

< start="12654.808" dur="5.472">HAPPENED TO THAT POINT,>

< start="12657.711" dur="5.072">EVERYTHING, ALL THE PROBLEMS>

< start="12658.645" dur="5.672">THEY HAD WITH THE PRESIDENT, ALL>

< start="12660.38" dur="6.574">THE PROBLEMS THEY HAD WITH EACH>

< start="12662.883" dur="6.773">OTHER, EVEN THOSE AMERICANS THAT>

< start="12664.417" dur="6.374">HAD BEEN DISCRIMINATED AGAINST>

< start="12667.054" dur="4.938">WERE WILLING TO DO THAT,>

< start="12669.756" dur="4.438">TREMENDOUS TESTAMENT TO THE>

< start="12670.891" dur="3.903">CONTRIBUTION THEY MADE TO THE EF>

< start="12672.092" dur="5.772">FRT TO WIN THAT -- EFFORT TO WIN>

< start="12674.294" dur="4.872">THAT CONFLICT.>

< start="12674.894" dur="6.707">AND IN THE BLINK OF AN EYE>

< start="12677.964" dur="3.937">LITERALLY EVERY ASPECT OF>

< start="12679.266" dur="4.104">AMERICAN LIFE WAS CHANGED>

< start="12681.701" dur="3.404">OVERNIGHT.>

< start="12682.001" dur="4.806">THINK ABOUT IT.>

< start="12683.47" dur="5.672">ONE MINUTE YOU ARE A STUDENT>

< start="12685.205" dur="7.841">DEMANDING THAT WE STAY OUT OF>

< start="12686.907" dur="9.176">WAR AND THE NEXT YOU ARE>

< start="12689.242" dur="12.246">VOLUNTEERING FOR SERVICE.>

< start="12693.146" dur="10.611">ONE MINUTE YOU'RE A HOUSEWIFE,>

< start="12696.183" dur="9.376">YOU'RE A RETIREE, THE NEXT>

< start="12701.588" dur="11.545">MINUTE YOU'RE BACK AT WORK OR AT>

< start="12703.857" dur="10.777">WORK FOR THE FIRST TIME IN YOUR>

< start="12705.659" dur="10.177">LIFE AT A FACTORY MAKING MIEW>

< start="12713.233" dur="4.404">MIEW -- MUNITIONS NEEDED FOR THE>

< start="12714.734" dur="4.405">WAR EFFORT.>

< start="12715.936" dur="5.438">CHILDREN WERE PUT TO WORK ON>

< start="12717.737" dur="4.638">FARMS BECAUSE SO MANY PEOPLE>

< start="12719.239" dur="5.572">LEFT FARMING TO FILL THE>

< start="12721.474" dur="6.474">INDUSTRIAL JOBS BECAUSE THE MEN>

< start="12722.475" dur="7.775">THAT WOULD HAVE OTHERWISE FILLED>

< start="12724.911" dur="6.473">THOSE JOBS WERE NOW WEARING A>

< start="12728.048" dur="4.838">UNIFORM AND DYING BY THE>

< start="12730.35" dur="4.004">HUNDREDS EVERY DAY, AND THEN BY>

< start="12731.484" dur="5.94">THE THOUSANDS, ALL OVER THE>

< start="12732.986" dur="6.24">WORLD.>

< start="12734.454" dur="6.707">WE RATIONED FOOD.>

< start="12737.524" dur="5.872">THERE WAS FOOD RATIONING.>

< start="12739.326" dur="5.205">YOU COULD ONLY EAT SO MUCH.>

< start="12741.261" dur="5.305">A FAMILY ONLY GOT SO MUCH.>

< start="12743.496" dur="5.773">GASOLINE WAS RATIONED.>

< start="12744.631" dur="5.939">I THINK IT WAS THREE GALLONS A>

< start="12746.666" dur="5.106">WEEK, IF I'M NOT MISTAKEN,>

< start="12749.369" dur="5.572">CLOTHES WERE RATIONED.>

< start="12750.67" dur="7.141">THE GOVERNMENT STEPPED IN AND>

< start="12751.872" dur="7.574">SAID YOU CAN'T BUILD KITCHEN>

< start="12755.041" dur="6.107">APPLIANCES, NO REFRIGERATORS, NO>

< start="12757.911" dur="5.572">OVENS, NO VACUUM CLEANERS, WE>

< start="12759.546" dur="5.973">NEED ALL OF OUR INDUSTRIAL>

< start="12761.248" dur="7.107">CAPACITY TO FIGHT AND WIN A WAR.>

< start="12763.583" dur="9.31">PEOPLE ON THE COAST, AND YOU SEE>

< start="12765.619" dur="9.342">PICTURES OF THIS TO THIS DAY OFF>

< start="12768.455" dur="9.676">MIAMI BEACH, PEOPLE WHO TO CLOSE>

< start="12772.993" dur="7.874">THEIR SHADES BECAUSE THERE WERE>

< start="12775.061" dur="7.875">GERMAN U-BOATS OFF OUR COAST.>

< start="12778.231" dur="7.141">PEOPLE WERE ASKED TO MAKE>

< start="12780.967" dur="7.808">TREMENDOUS SACRIFICES, NOT FOR>

< start="12783.069" dur="7.208">THREE MONTHS, NOT FOR SIX WEEKS,>

< start="12785.472" dur="7.841">BUT OVER THREE YEARS AND LONGER.>

< start="12788.875" dur="6.073">AND SACRIFICES ULTIMATELY,>

< start="12790.377" dur="7.407">PERHAPS THE GREATEST OF ALL,>

< start="12793.413" dur="6.306">THEY SENT THEIR SONS AND FATHERS>

< start="12795.048" dur="7.007">OFF TO DIE.>

< start="12797.884" dur="6.974"> -- DIE IN THE DEFENSE OF THIS>

< start="12799.819" dur="6.807">COUNTRY AND IN OUR FREEDOMS.>

< start="12802.155" dur="5.372">I DO NOT MEAN TO DIMINISH THE>

< start="12804.958" dur="4.705">CHALLENGES THAT ARE BEING ASKED>

< start="12806.726" dur="5.473">OF US NOW.>

< start="12807.627" dur="6.307">THERE ISN'T FIVE MINUTES THAT>

< start="12809.763" dur="5.672">GOES BY THAT I DON'T GET A TEXT,>

< start="12812.299" dur="5.005">A CALL, OR AN E-MAIL FROM A>

< start="12814.034" dur="6.106">SMALL BUSINESS WHO JUST TWO>

< start="12815.535" dur="5.906">WEEKS AGO WAS HAVING ITS WITH>

< start="12817.404" dur="5.505">BEST YEAR -- ITS BEST YEAR EVER,>

< start="12820.24" dur="4.237">TALKING ABOUT HIRING NEW PEOPLE,>

< start="12821.541" dur="4.538">AND NOW THEY ARE BANKRUPTCY,>

< start="12823.009" dur="3.637">THEY ARE DONE, THEY ARE>

< start="12824.577" dur="4.772">FINISHED, AND THEY MAY NEVER>

< start="12826.179" dur="4.905">REOPEN AGAIN.>

< start="12826.746" dur="7.875">FROM A YOUNG COUPLE I TALKED>

< start="12829.449" dur="6.273">ABOUT EARLIER TODAY IN A VIDEO I>

< start="12831.184" dur="6.94">MADE, TWO WEEKS AGO, RECENTLY>

< start="12834.721" dur="5.839">MARRIED, PLANNING TO START A>

< start="12835.822" dur="6.24">FAMILY, BOTH HAD GOOD CAREERS,>

< start="12838.224" dur="6.173">THE NEXT MINUTE, BOTH OUT OF A>

< start="12840.66" dur="5.239">JOB, NOT SURE IF THE PLACE THEY>

< start="12842.162" dur="6.173">WORKED IN WILL EVER EXIST AGAIN,>

< start="12844.497" dur="6.307">NOT KNOWING WHERE TO GO.>

< start="12845.999" dur="7.14">ONE MINUTE YOU'RE THE FATHER AND>

< start="12848.435" dur="6.74">A FAMILY -- IN A FAMILY, A>

< start="12850.904" dur="6.073">MOTHER IN A FAMILY WHO HAS NEVER>

< start="12853.239" dur="6.04">HAD A DAY IN YOUR LIFE WHERE YOU>

< start="12855.275" dur="6.44">WERE NOT EMPLOYED BY SOMEONE.>

< start="12857.077" dur="6.039">AND NEXT YOU'RE BEING TOLD, GO>

< start="12859.379" dur="6.507">TO A WEBSITE, CALL THIS NUMBER,>

< start="12861.815" dur="4.871">YOU NEED TO GET UNEMPLOYMENT.>

< start="12863.216" dur="5.606">THEY DON'T KNOW HOW TO DO IT.>

< start="12865.986" dur="4.304">THEY'VE NEVER DONE IT.>

< start="12866.786" dur="4.505">SO I DO NOT MEAN TO DIMINISH THE>

< start="12868.922" dur="4.604">SACRIFICE THAT'S OUR PEOPLE ARE>

< start="12870.39" dur="6.439">ALREADY MAKING.>

< start="12871.391" dur="7.307">I SIMPLY MEAN TO PUT IT IN>

< start="12873.626" dur="8.643">PERSPECTIVE AND ALSO TO GIVE A>

< start="12876.929" dur="7.475">LITTLE BIT OF CLARITY AS TO WHAT>

< start="12878.798" dur="8.809">WILL BE REQUIRED OF US TO WHEN>

< start="12882.369" dur="8.074">THIS WAR -- TO WIN THIS WAR.>

< start="12884.504" dur="8.776">BECAUSE IN THIS END OUR ENEMY IS>

< start="12887.707" dur="5.84">NOT A NATION STATE.>

< start="12890.543" dur="5.172">IT DOESN'T WARE A UNIT -- WEAR A>

< start="12893.38" dur="4.304">UNIFORM.>

< start="12893.647" dur="8.708">BUT IT HAS INVADED US IN A WAY>

< start="12895.815" dur="7.408">WHERE WE HAVE NOT BEEN ASKED TO>

< start="12897.784" dur="7.474">DO OR ANYTHING CLOSE TO IT SINCE>

< start="12902.455" dur="6.74">LATE 1941.>

< start="12903.323" dur="8.775">SO WHAT ARE THE LESSONS TO BE>

< start="12905.358" dur="9.476">TAKEN BY THAT ERA IN OUR>

< start="12909.295" dur="5.973">HISTORY, BY THE CALL I GOT TODAY>

< start="12912.198" dur="5.639">THAT SAID STOP SAYING IT IS>

< start="12914.934" dur="4.839">UNPRECEDENTED?>

< start="12915.368" dur="5.105">THE LESSON TO TAKE IS, NUMBER>

< start="12917.937" dur="4.038">ONE, IN MOMENTS LIKE THIS ACTION>

< start="12919.873" dur="3.637">MATTERS.>

< start="12920.573" dur="4.338">IT IS IMPORTANT THAT WE HAVE A>

< start="12922.075" dur="4.438">FUNCTIONING GOVERNMENT IN A CAN>

< start="12923.61" dur="4.738">ADDRESS PROBLEMS IN THE SPACE IN>

< start="12925.011" dur="4.038">WHICH GOVERNMENT MUST ACT.>

< start="12926.613" dur="4.437">THAT IS WHAT IS BEING ASKED OF>

< start="12928.448" dur="5.239">US HERE TODAY.>

< start="12929.149" dur="6.239">WHAT IS BEING ASKED OF US IS NOT>

< start="12931.15" dur="5.94">TO PASS A PERFECT BILL OR PASS>

< start="12933.787" dur="5.305">LEGISLATION THAT WILL CURE THE>

< start="12935.488" dur="3.871">VIRUS OR PASS THE LAW THAT WILL>

< start="12937.19" dur="4.738">HAVE EVERYTHING THAT WE EVER>

< start="12939.192" dur="4.171">WANTED.>

< start="12939.459" dur="5.539">WHAT IS BEING ASKED OF US IS CAN>

< start="12942.028" dur="5.205">YOU FUNCTION AS A GOVERNMENT?>

< start="12943.463" dur="5.405">CAN YOU DO THE MOST BASIC THINGS>

< start="12945.098" dur="4.304">THAT A SOCIETY NEEDS FROM ITS>

< start="12947.333" dur="3.871">ELECTED LEADERS AT A MOMENT OF>

< start="12948.968" dur="4.205">TRUE CRISIS?>

< start="12949.502" dur="5.172">CAN YOU DO THAT?>

< start="12951.304" dur="5.039">AND SO FAR FOR THREE DAYS THE>

< start="12953.273" dur="5.272">ANSWER, SADLY, HAS BEEN NO.>

< start="12954.774" dur="6.006">I HOPE THE ANSWER AT THE END OF>

< start="12956.443" dur="7.073">THIS DAY WILL BE DIFFERENT.>

< start="12958.645" dur="7.841">BUT THE SECOND THING IT TEACHES>

< start="12960.88" dur="5.973">US IS, YOU CANNOT CONFRONT A>

< start="12963.616" dur="4.905">CHALLENGE SUCH AS THIS WITH JUST>

< start="12966.586" dur="3.971">GOVERNMENT.>

< start="12966.953" dur="5.439">THAT WAR WAS NOT JUST WON>

< start="12968.621" dur="7.108">BECAUSE OF POLITICAL LEADERS OR>

< start="12970.657" dur="8.675">OUR ARMED FORCES, IT WAS A WHOLE>

< start="12972.492" dur="7.841">OF SOCIETY EFFORT.>

< start="12975.829" dur="6.039">EVERY DAY AMERICANS -- EVERY DAY>

< start="12979.432" dur="5.406">AMERICANS WERE ASKED TO DO>

< start="12980.433" dur="8.142">THINGS THEY HAD NEVER DONE>

< start="12981.968" dur="9.843">BEFORE IN PLACES THEY HAD NEVER>

< start="12984.938" dur="8.775">BEEN NOT JUST TO MAKE SACRIFICES>

< start="12988.675" dur="5.405">OF WHAT THEY COULD DO BUT>

< start="12991.911" dur="3.838">SACRIFICES THEY COULD DO>

< start="12993.813" dur="3.77">AFFIRMATIVELY.>

< start="12994.18" dur="3.737">THAT IS BEING ASKED OF US NOW.>

< start="12995.849" dur="4.171">PEOPLE ARE DOING THAT AS WE>

< start="12997.683" dur="3.338">SPEAK.>

< start="12998.017" dur="4.438">THE EXAMPLES ARE TOO LONG TO>

< start="13000.12" dur="4.037">MENTION, BUT ALL OVER THIS>

< start="13001.121" dur="5.238">COUNTRY THERE ARE PEOPLE THAT>

< start="13002.555" dur="5.239">ARE DOING EXTRAORDINARY THINGS,>

< start="13004.257" dur="4.238">STEPPING UP, DOING MORE THAN>

< start="13006.459" dur="3.17">THEY'VE EVER DONE BECAUSE THEY>

< start="13007.894" dur="4.938">HAVE TO.>

< start="13008.595" dur="5.772">THEY KNOW THEY MUST.>

< start="13009.729" dur="6.74">I HAVE NO DOUBT THAT IF OUR>

< start="13012.932" dur="7.241">GOVERNMENT LEADERS DO THEIR JOB>

< start="13014.467" dur="7.608">AND ARE WILLING TO DO THEIR PART>

< start="13016.569" dur="8.275">AND PROVIDE PEOPLE TRANSPARENT,>

< start="13020.273" dur="5.973">CLEAR, TRUTHFUL GUIDELINES ABOUT>

< start="13022.175" dur="6.073">WHAT WE FACE AND WHAT LIES AHEAD>

< start="13024.944" dur="4.939">AND WHAT IS EXPECTED OF THEM,>

< start="13026.346" dur="4.537">THEY MAY NOT BE HAPPY AND PEOPLE>

< start="13028.348" dur="3.97">MAY NOT BE EXCITED ABOUT IT, BUT>

< start="13029.983" dur="3.77">THEY WILL DO IT.>

< start="13030.983" dur="4.605">I KNOW THEY WILL DO IT.>

< start="13032.418" dur="7.408">THEY ARE ALREADY DOING IT.>

< start="13033.853" dur="8.943">THE THIRD LESSON IS THE AWESOME>

< start="13035.688" dur="9.977">POWER OF OUR COUNTRY WHEN A>

< start="13039.926" dur="7.341">DIVERSE POPULATION OF GO>

< start="13042.896" dur="6.606">GETERS, -- GO GETTERS, THE MOST>

< start="13045.765" dur="5.506">CREATIVE PEOPLE WHO HAVE EVER>

< start="13047.367" dur="6.44">WALKED THE EARTH PUT ASIDE THEIR>

< start="13049.602" dur="5.806">DIFFERENCES TO CONFRONT A THREAT>

< start="13051.371" dur="4.337">THEY FACE IN COMMON.>

< start="13053.907" dur="4.237">AND, AGAIN, THAT IS NOT>

< start="13055.508" dur="3.037">POSSIBLE.>

< start="13055.808" dur="4.672">YOU CAN'T ASK OF THAT OF A>

< start="13058.244" dur="4.038">SOCIETY.>

< start="13058.645" dur="5.972">YOU CAN'T ASK PEOPLE TO PUT>

< start="13060.58" dur="6.206">ASIDE THEIR DIFFERENCES, PUT>

< start="13062.382" dur="6.373">ASIDE THE TRIVIAL, PUT ASIDE THE>

< start="13064.717" dur="5.673">THINGS THEY DON'T AGREE ON AND>

< start="13066.886" dur="7.341">FOCUS ON THE ONE THING THAT>

< start="13068.855" dur="6.473">THREATENS US ALL, YOU CAN'T ASK>

< start="13070.49" dur="11.278">THEM TO DO THAT IF YOU CAN'T DO>

< start="13074.327" dur="10.444">IT YOURSELF.>

< start="13075.428" dur="11.211">IT APPEARS, AT LEAST AS OF THIS>

< start="13081.868" dur="6.84">MOMENT, THAT IT MAY CHANGE.>

< start="13084.871" dur="6.473">WHAT IS OUR JOB IN THIS?>

< start="13086.739" dur="6.54">LET ME SAY, WE ARE ASKING.>

< start="13088.808" dur="6.44">WHEN I SEE WE, THOSE IN>

< start="13091.444" dur="6.273">GOVERNMENT AT EVERY LEVEL, ARE>

< start="13093.379" dur="4.405">ASKING OUR PEOPLE TO DO SOME>

< start="13095.348" dur="5.205">VERY DIFFICULT THINGS.>

< start="13097.85" dur="6.941">WE'RE ASKING HIGH SCHOOL>

< start="13100.653" dur="6.106">SENIORS, INCLUDING ONE WHO LIVES>

< start="13102.355" dur="5.973">IN MY HOME TO BE THE FIRST IN I>

< start="13104.891" dur="6.573">DON'T KNOW HOW MANY GENERATIONS>

< start="13106.859" dur="4.939">THAT WON'T HAVE A PROM, WON'T>

< start="13108.428" dur="6.573">HAVE A SENIOR TRIP, WON'T HAVE A>

< start="13111.564" dur="5.039">GRADUATION.>

< start="13111.898" dur="4.772">NOW I KNOW ALL THOSE THINGS MAY>

< start="13115.101" dur="3.504">SEEM TRIVIAL IN COMPARISON TO>

< start="13116.736" dur="6.707">WORLD WAR II, BUT TO A>

< start="13118.705" dur="6.139">17-YEAR-OLD THESE ARE A RITE OF>

< start="13121.241" dur="5.438">PASSAGE AND MANY HIGH SCHOOL>

< start="13123.543" dur="4.171">SENIORS IN THIS COUNTRY WILL NOT>

< start="13124.944" dur="3.771">GET THAT THIS YEAR.>

< start="13126.779" dur="4.338">WE'RE GOING TO ASK SMALL>

< start="13127.814" dur="4.338">BUSINESSES AND ASKED THEM>

< start="13128.815" dur="5.539">ALREADY, YOU NEED TO CLOSE YOUR>

< start="13131.217" dur="5.239">DOORS.>

< start="13132.252" dur="5.839">YOU CAN'T OPEN, YOU CAN'T WORK,>

< start="13134.454" dur="5.372">YOU CAN'T MAKE MONEY, YOU CAN'T>

< start="13136.556" dur="3.537">ALLOW CUSTOMERS TO COME IN.>

< start="13138.191" dur="3.937">WE'VE ASKED PEOPLE NOT TO GO TO>

< start="13139.926" dur="3.27">WORK.>

< start="13140.193" dur="4.938">IN FACT, WE TOLD THEM NOT TO>

< start="13142.228" dur="5.839">LEAVE THEIR HOMES.>

< start="13143.296" dur="8.475">OVER HALF OF THIS COUNTRY IS ON>

< start="13145.231" dur="8.742">AN ORDER, DON'T LEAVE YOUR HOUSE>

< start="13148.167" dur="9.643">UNLESS YOU ARE GOING TO THE>

< start="13151.871" dur="7.574">PHARMACY OR GROCERY STORE.>

< start="13154.073" dur="7.074">WE'RE ASKING NURSES AND DOCTORS>

< start="13157.91" dur="6.24">THAT CAN KILL THEM AND THEIR>

< start="13159.545" dur="6.173">FAMILIES JUST LIKE EVERYBODY>

< start="13161.247" dur="5.773">ELSE TO DO SO ON DOUBLE SHIFTS,>

< start="13164.283" dur="4.872">OFTENTIMES WITHOUT THE GEAR AND>

< start="13165.818" dur="7.608">EQUIPMENT TO PROTECT THEM.>

< start="13167.12" dur="7.974">WE'RE ASKING TRUCK DRIVERS TO>

< start="13169.255" dur="7.875">DRIVE ALL NIGHT, ALSO VULNERABLE>

< start="13173.526" dur="5.906">TO THE VIRUS, ALSO WORRIED ABOUT>

< start="13175.194" dur="5.639">ALL THE THINGS ALL OF US ARE>

< start="13177.23" dur="5.939">WORRIED ABOUT, DRIVE ALL NIGHT>

< start="13179.532" dur="5.906">BECAUSE TOMORROW THOSE SHELVES>

< start="13180.933" dur="5.939">NEED TO BE STOCKED WITH ALL THE>

< start="13183.269" dur="7.441">THINGS THAT PEOPLE ARE BUYING>

< start="13185.538" dur="9.71">BECAUSE THEY ARE AFRAID IT'S>

< start="13186.972" dur="8.81">GOING TO RUN OUT.>

< start="13190.81" dur="8.308">AND HOW CAN WE ASK THAT OF OUR>

< start="13195.348" dur="7.441">SOCIETY?>

< start="13195.882" dur="8.575">IF FOR THREE AND A HALF DAYS WE>

< start="13199.218" dur="9.076">CAN'T EVEN VOTE ON A LAW.>

< start="13202.889" dur="8.275">WE CAN'T EVEN WALK TO THE FRONT>

< start="13204.557" dur="8.208">OF THIS PLACE AND LIFT YOUR -->

< start="13208.394" dur="6.106">OUR FINGER UP OR UP OR DOWN AND>

< start="13211.264" dur="5.639">SAY YES OR NO.>

< start="13212.865" dur="6.006">WE CAN'T EVEN DO THAT.>

< start="13214.6" dur="6.607">SPENDING OUR TAXPAYER MONEY IN A>

< start="13217.003" dur="5.239">MOMENT OF CRITICAL CRISIS.>

< start="13218.971" dur="4.805">I DON'T MEAN TO BE NEGATIVE>

< start="13221.307" dur="4.171">BECAUSE FRANKLY I HOPE TODAY IS>

< start="13222.342" dur="6.239">THE DAY WE GET TOLL SOLVE, BUT>

< start="13223.876" dur="6.407">THERE ARE OTHER PEOPLE WHO HAVE>

< start="13225.578" dur="6.774">TO MAKE THEIR WAY IN HERE IN THE>

< start="13228.681" dur="5.339">HOUSE, OUTSIDE COMMENTATORS,>

< start="13230.383" dur="5.639">PEOPLE STILL E-MAILING AND>

< start="13232.452" dur="5.806">TEXTING, CAN WE CHANGE THIS, CAN>

< start="13234.12" dur="5.772">WE CHANGE THAT?>

< start="13236.122" dur="6.273">I JUST DON'T KNOW HOW WE CAN ASK>

< start="13238.358" dur="6.006">PEOPLE TO DO ALL THESE THINGS WE>

< start="13239.992" dur="5.606">NEED TO ASK THEM TO DO AND IN>

< start="13242.495" dur="5.572">RETURN TELL THEM, BY THE WAY,>

< start="13244.464" dur="6.807">WE'RE GOING TO TAKE OUR SWEET>

< start="13245.698" dur="8.008">TIME TO DO OUR PART AND OUR>

< start="13248.167" dur="6.74">PART'S THE EASIEST ONE.>

< start="13251.371" dur="7.874">AND YOU CAN JUST IMAGINE,>

< start="13253.806" dur="6.674">EXTRAPOLATE WHAT WE'RE FACING>

< start="13255.007" dur="6.974">NOW AND TAKE IT BACK TO 1941.>

< start="13259.345" dur="3.537">IMAGINE IF BACK THEN PEOPLE>

< start="13260.58" dur="3.637">WOULD HAVE BEEN SAYING, BOY, IN>

< start="13262.081" dur="3.504">IS A GREAT CHANCE.>

< start="13262.982" dur="4.505">THIS IS A GOOD OPPORTUNITY TO>

< start="13264.317" dur="4.905">GET BACK AT F.D.R.>

< start="13265.685" dur="5.439">THIS IS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY NOW>

< start="13267.587" dur="6.073">HE'S IN A WAR, LET'S ROLL BACK>

< start="13269.322" dur="6.239">THE NEW DEAL, LET'S REALLY STICK>

< start="13271.224" dur="4.57">IT TO HIM FOR WHAT HE REALLY DID>

< start="13273.76" dur="4.137">SIX YEARS AGO FOR THAT COURT>

< start="13275.661" dur="4.105">THING.>

< start="13275.895" dur="6.907">OR THE REVERSE, THIS IS A GOOD>

< start="13277.997" dur="7.574">OPPORTUNITY TO USE THE WAR>

< start="13279.866" dur="7.207">POWERS TO STEAMROLL MY POLITICAL>

< start="13282.902" dur="7.207">OPPONENTS AND PUT THEM IN PLACE.>

< start="13285.671" dur="6.207">OR IMAGINE HIM SAYING, WE NEED>

< start="13287.173" dur="6.673">TO BUILD A LOT 0 OF SHIPS -- A>

< start="13290.209" dur="4.638">LOT OF SHIPS BUT I'M NOT GOING>

< start="13291.978" dur="4.838">TO VOTE TO BILL THEM UNLESS THEY>

< start="13293.946" dur="4.204">ARE IN MY STATE.>

< start="13294.947" dur="4.839">I DON'T WANT TO GO ANY DEEPER>

< start="13296.916" dur="4.171">INTO THAT BECAUSE I DON'T MEAN>

< start="13298.25" dur="4.605">TO SAY SOME OF THE ISSUES THAT>

< start="13299.886" dur="4.404">PEOPLE RAISED AROUND HERE ARE>

< start="13301.187" dur="4.838">NOT LEGITIMATE ISSUES, THEY ARE.>

< start="13302.955" dur="4.939">BUT SOMETIMES THE LEGITIMACY OF>

< start="13304.39" dur="5.406">THE ISSUE, THE IMPORTANCE OF THE>

< start="13306.125" dur="3.938">ISSUE HAS TO BE WEIGHED ON A>

< start="13307.994" dur="3.87">SCALE AGAINST THE GRAVITY OF THE>

< start="13309.896" dur="3.437">MOMENT.>

< start="13310.163" dur="4.671">I WOULD SAY TO YOU IF WE WERE>

< start="13311.964" dur="6.474">DEALING WITH PERMANENT POLICY IN>

< start="13313.433" dur="6.339">A NORMAL COURSE OF BUSINESS OR>

< start="13314.934" dur="6.84">EVEN IN A MOMENT OF A CYCLICAL>

< start="13318.538" dur="3.57">ECONOMIC DOWNTURN, WE'D HAVE>

< start="13319.872" dur="3.838">SOME WEEKS TO MAKE SOME OF THESE>

< start="13321.874" dur="2.97">DECISIONS.>

< start="13322.208" dur="5.539">WE'VE ALREADY TAKEN TOO LONG.>

< start="13323.81" dur="5.338">PEOPLE GOT LAID OFF TODAY.>

< start="13324.944" dur="6.974">PEOPLE WILL BE LAID OFF TONIGHT>

< start="13327.847" dur="4.872">AND TOMORROW AND THE DAY AFTER>

< start="13329.248" dur="7.208">AND FOR DAYS TO COME EVEN IF WE>

< start="13332.018" dur="6.306">PASS THIS BILL.>

< start="13332.819" dur="6.907">IMAGINE IF WE DON'T.>

< start="13336.556" dur="4.271">WHAT WE ARE FACING IS THE>

< start="13338.424" dur="3.804">TOUGHEST THING THIS GENERATION>

< start="13339.826" dur="3.336">HAS BEFORE FACED.>

< start="13340.927" dur="3.77">THERE'S NO DOUBT ABOUT IT.>

< start="13342.328" dur="4.338">AND PERHAPS WITH THE EXCEPTION>

< start="13343.262" dur="5.172">OF THE GENTLEMAN AND PEOPLE LIKE>

< start="13344.797" dur="5.239">-- THE GENTLEMAN THAT CALLED ME>

< start="13346.766" dur="5.238">THIS MORNING, WOULD BE THE>

< start="13348.534" dur="5.873">TOUGHEST THING WE EVER FACE IN>

< start="13350.136" dur="6.64">OUR LIVES.>

< start="13352.104" dur="6.574">WORLD WAR II WAS WORSE.>

< start="13354.507" dur="6.039">THIS VIRUS IS TERRIBLE.>

< start="13356.876" dur="5.639">BUT IT WILL NOT LAST AS LONG OR>

< start="13358.778" dur="6.74">KILL AS MANY PEOPLE AS THAT WAR>

< start="13360.646" dur="5.473">DID, BUT IT WILL KILL FAR TOO>

< start="13362.615" dur="6.507">MANY PEOPLE AND LAST FAR TOO>

< start="13365.618" dur="6.707">LONG.>

< start="13366.219" dur="7.007">BUT IT WILL LAST LONGER AND KILL>

< start="13369.222" dur="5.772">MORE IF WE DON'T TAKE ACTION>

< start="13372.425" dur="5.572">NOW.>

< start="13373.326" dur="6.239">AND THAT REQUIRES EVERYONE TO>

< start="13375.094" dur="6.006">FINALLY WAKE UP AND REALIZE THIS>

< start="13378.097" dur="4.571">IS NOT -- THIS VIRUS DOESN'T>

< start="13379.665" dur="5.306">CARE WHO YOU VOTED FOR IN THE>

< start="13381.2" dur="5.806">LAST ELECTION.>

< start="13382.768" dur="5.94">IT DOESN'T CARE WHAT YOU WRITE>

< start="13385.071" dur="4.938">ON TWITTER OR SNARKY REMARKS YOU>

< start="13387.106" dur="3.871">COME UP WITH IN YOUR COMMENTATOR>

< start="13388.808" dur="2.869">MOMENT ON CABLE NEWS.>

< start="13390.109" dur="2.77">IT DOESN'T CARE ABOUT ANY OF>

< start="13391.077" dur="3.203">THAT STUFF.>

< start="13391.777" dur="4.038">IT DOESN'T CARE WHO YOU PLAN TO>

< start="13392.979" dur="3.77">VOTE FOR IN THE NEXT ELECTION.>

< start="13394.38" dur="4.071">IT WILL INFECT YOU.>

< start="13395.915" dur="4.238">IT WILL KILL YOU.>

< start="13396.849" dur="3.871">IT WILL KILL PEOPLE YOU LOVE.>

< start="13398.551" dur="3.67">IT WILL KILL MEMBERS OF YOUR>

< start="13400.253" dur="4.137">FAMILY.>

< start="13400.82" dur="5.105">IT WILL DISRUPT YOUR COMMUNITY>

< start="13402.321" dur="6.107">AND YOUR ECONOMY.>

< start="13404.49" dur="5.139">IT DOESN'T CARE ABOUT ANY OF>

< start="13406.025" dur="5.339">THIS OTHER STUFF.>

< start="13408.528" dur="5.839">AND IT REALLY IS IMPORTANT FOR>

< start="13409.729" dur="6.073">US TO REALIZE NOT JUST FOR THIS>

< start="13411.464" dur="5.439">BILL BUT MOVING FORWARD THAT>

< start="13414.467" dur="4.037">THERE'S NO SUCH THING AS AN>

< start="13415.902" dur="2.869">OUTCOME HERE THAT'S GOOD FOR>

< start="13417.003" dur="5.105">HALF OF US AND BAD FOR THE OTHER>

< start="13418.604" dur="6.24">HALF.>

< start="13418.871" dur="8.709">THERE IS NO POSSIBLE POLITICAL>

< start="13422.208" dur="6.607">VICTORY HERE, NONE.>

< start="13424.944" dur="6.173">THERE IS NO OUTCOME HERE IN>

< start="13427.68" dur="3.504">WHICH HALF OF US ARE GOING TO BE>

< start="13428.915" dur="3.303">ABLE TO GO BACK AND SAY BOY, WE>

< start="13431.25" dur="4.305">REALLY LOOKED GOOD AND MADE>

< start="13432.318" dur="4.071">THOSE GUYS LOOK BAD AND PEOPLE>

< start="13433.619" dur="4.071">ARE GOING TO REWARD US FOR IT.>

< start="13435.655" dur="3.336">THEY'RE NOT.>

< start="13436.489" dur="3.704">I PROMISE YOU THAT WHEN SOMEONE>

< start="13437.79" dur="4.371">HAS LOST THEIR JOB AND DOESN'T>

< start="13439.091" dur="4.972">KNOW WHERE THEY'RE GOING TO GO>

< start="13440.293" dur="4.871">AND ARE STUCK IN THEIR HOME AND>

< start="13442.261" dur="4.004">THEIR LIVES HAVE BEEN TURNED>

< start="13444.163" dur="3.904">UPSIDE DOWN AND A MECHANIC OF>

< start="13445.264" dur="4.905">THEIR FAMILY IS IN INTENSIVE>

< start="13446.365" dur="4.939">CARE AND THEY WIND UP IN A>

< start="13448.167" dur="5.472">HOSPITAL THAT'S OVERWHELMED AND>

< start="13450.269" dur="5.239">CAN'T CARE FOR THEM, THE LAST>

< start="13451.404" dur="6.706">THING ON THEIR MIND IS GOING TO>

< start="13453.739" dur="6.941">BE PARTISAN POLITICS OR>

< start="13455.608" dur="7.975">PREEXISTING DIFFERENCES.>

< start="13458.21" dur="6.84">IF YOU DON'T BELIEVE IT, WE'RE>

< start="13460.78" dur="6.339">ABOUT TO FIND THAT OUT, UNFRM.>

< start="13463.683" dur="6.006">THERE IS NO OUTCOME HERE IN>

< start="13465.15" dur="5.606">WHICH HALF OF US IS HAPPY AND>

< start="13467.219" dur="4.739">THE OTHER HALF ARE UPSET.>

< start="13469.789" dur="3.67">IT'S A CLICHE.>

< start="13470.856" dur="4.038">WE USE IT ALL THE TIME.>

< start="13472.058" dur="6.039">I CAN'T THINK OF A BETTER>

< start="13473.559" dur="4.838">EXAMPLE THAN THIS ONE.>

< start="13474.994" dur="4.872">WE ARE TRULY ALL IN THIS>

< start="13478.197" dur="6.473">TOGETHER.>

< start="13478.497" dur="7.174">THE CARNAGE, THE DAMAGE THAT>

< start="13479.966" dur="7.941">THIS WILL DO TO OUR COUNTRY IS>

< start="13484.77" dur="5.673">EXTRAORDINARY.>

< start="13485.771" dur="6.974">IT WILL KNOW NO GEOGRAPHIC>

< start="13488.007" dur="5.205">BOUNDS, NO POLITICAL>

< start="13490.543" dur="6.373">AFFILIATION, NO DEMOGRAPHIC>

< start="13492.845" dur="6.373">DIFFERENCES.>

< start="13493.312" dur="9.41">THIS IS A VIRUS THAT CAN INFECT>

< start="13497.016" dur="8.809">THE HEIR TO THE CROWN IN BRITAIN>

< start="13499.318" dur="7.408">JUST AS EASILY AS A 92-YEAR-OLD>

< start="13502.822" dur="5.638">RETIREE IN A FLORIDA NURSING>

< start="13505.925" dur="5.238">HOME.>

< start="13506.826" dur="6.707">AND SO I HOPE THAT THE GRAVITY>

< start="13508.56" dur="8.009">OF THE MOMENT FINALLY SINKS IN>

< start="13511.263" dur="7.108">AND THAT WE TAKE THE NECESSARY>

< start="13513.633" dur="6.539">ACTIONS QUICKLY AND THAT IF>

< start="13516.669" dur="5.339">THERE'S SOMETHING IN THIS BILL>

< start="13518.471" dur="5.105">THAT YOU JUST REALLY DON'T LIKE,>

< start="13520.272" dur="5.172">I DON'T MEAN TO DIMINISH IT.>

< start="13522.108" dur="4.638">IF WE CAN FIX IT, WE SHOULD.>

< start="13523.676" dur="4.805">BUT AT THIS POINT I'M GOING TO>

< start="13525.544" dur="4.238">TELL YOU THAT THERE'S NOTHING>

< start="13526.846" dur="7.774">WRONG IN THIS BILL, THERE'S>

< start="13528.581" dur="7.975">NOTHING IN THIS BILL THAT WILL>

< start="13529.882" dur="8.208">DAMAGE OUR COUNTRY MORE THAN OUR>

< start="13534.72" dur="4.772">INABILITY TO ACT.>

< start="13536.656" dur="5.639">NO MATTER HOW BAD SOME PROVISION>

< start="13538.19" dur="5.373">IN THIS BILL YOU THINK MAY BE,>

< start="13539.592" dur="6.373">AND I SAY THIS TO BOTH SIDES,>

< start="13542.395" dur="6.306">THERE'S NOTHING IN THIS BILL>

< start="13543.663" dur="5.639">THAT WILL DAMAGE US MORE THAN>

< start="13546.065" dur="6.106">DOING NOTHING WILL.>

< start="13548.801" dur="4.571">BY FAR.>

< start="13549.402" dur="5.872">THE MOST DAMAGING THING THAT CAN>

< start="13552.271" dur="4.905">HAPPEN IS NOT ANY PROVISION OF>

< start="13553.472" dur="5.773">THIS LEGISLATION.>

< start="13555.374" dur="5.272">IT IS OUR INABILITY TO ACT AND>

< start="13557.276" dur="5.439">TO SEND A MESSAGE TO THE>

< start="13559.345" dur="5.705">AMERICAN PEOPLE THAT THEIR>

< start="13560.746" dur="6.307">LEADERS CAN'T FUNCTION, THAT>

< start="13562.815" dur="7.274">THEIR GOVERNMENT DOESN'T WORK,>

< start="13565.15" dur="8.676">NOT JUST ON A DAY-TO-DAY BASIS>

< start="13567.153" dur="8.308">BUT IN A MOMENT OF CRISIS.>

< start="13570.189" dur="6.473">AND SO I HOPE THAT THAT -->

< start="13573.926" dur="4.304">WHATEVER DIFFERENCES THAT MAY>

< start="13575.561" dur="4.104">STILL EXIST AT THIS MOMENT AND>

< start="13576.762" dur="4.438">I'M TRYING TO BE FAIR BECAUSE I>

< start="13578.33" dur="4.538">KNOW A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE FINALLY>

< start="13579.765" dur="3.938">SEEING THE FULL TEXT OF IT IN>

< start="13581.3" dur="5.306">JUST THE LAST FEW HOURS, AND IF>

< start="13582.968" dur="5.339">YOU'VE CAUGHT SOMETHING THAT CAN>

< start="13583.803" dur="6.84">BE FIXED, IT SHOULD BE FIXED.>

< start="13586.706" dur="4.17">BUT I PLEAD.>

< start="13588.407" dur="5.673">I DON'T KNOW WHAT OTHER WORD TO>

< start="13590.743" dur="5.772">USE.>

< start="13590.977" dur="6.74">THAT WE DON'T LEAVE HERE TONIGHT>

< start="13594.18" dur="5.639">WITHOUT HAVING PASSED THIS BILL.>

< start="13596.615" dur="7.475">BECAUSE I HONESTLY DON'T KNOW>

< start="13597.817" dur="8.141">HOW THIS NATION AND OUR PEOPLE>

< start="13599.919" dur="7.441">CAN AFFORD ONE MORE DAY OF THIS.>

< start="13604.19" dur="3.437">MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE FLOOR>

< start="13606.058" dur="2.136">AND SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A>

< start="13607.46" dur="5.105">QUORUM.>

< start="13607.727" dur="7.607">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="13608.294" dur="9.51">CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="13612.665" dur="5.139">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: QUORUM>

< start="13615.434" dur="2.37">CALL:>

< start="14219.104" dur="2.636">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="15183.267" dur="1.202">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="15472.79" dur="6.273">A SENATOR: MADAM PRESIDENT.>

< start="15475.759" dur="4.571">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="15477.127" dur="3.804">SENATOR FROM NEW MEXICO.>

< start="15479.163" dur="3.17">MR. UDALL: THANK YOU VERY MUCH,>

< start="15480.43" dur="3.571">MADAM PRESIDENT.>

< start="15481.031" dur="7.141">ARE WE IN A QUORUM CALL?>

< start="15482.433" dur="7.107">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WE ARE IN>

< start="15484.101" dur="9.276">A WORKER.>

< start="15488.272" dur="6.573"> -- QUORUM CALL.>

< start="15489.64" dur="5.606">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WE ARE.>

< start="15493.477" dur="2.403">MR. UDALL: I WISH TO VITIATE THE>

< start="15494.945" dur="2.87">QUORUM CALL.>

< start="15495.346" dur="5.405">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="15495.98" dur="6.273">OBJECTION.>

< start="15497.915" dur="6.406">MR. UDALL: TODAY WE FACE A>

< start="15500.851" dur="8.308">PANDEMIC THE LIKES OF WHICH WE>

< start="15502.353" dur="8.775">HAVE NOT SEEN IN OVER 100 YEARS>

< start="15504.421" dur="8.342">AND TODAY THE SENATE MUST ACT TO>

< start="15509.259" dur="3.771">PASS THE LARGEST RELIEF PACKAGE>

< start="15511.228" dur="3.137">FOR THE AMERICAN PEOPLE IN OUR>

< start="15512.863" dur="3.137">HISTORY.>

< start="15513.13" dur="5.439">FIRST I'D LIKE TO EXTEND MY>

< start="15514.465" dur="6.173">THOUGHTS AND PRAYERS TO EVERYONE>

< start="15516.1" dur="6.106">WHO IS PERSONALLY AFFECTED BY>

< start="15518.669" dur="5.706">THIS CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC.>

< start="15520.738" dur="5.872">I THANK THE HEALTH CARE WORKERS>

< start="15522.306" dur="4.638">WHO ARE WORKING LONG HOURS AND>

< start="15524.475" dur="4.671">RISKING THEIR OWN HEALTH TO SAVE>

< start="15526.71" dur="4.004">LIVES.>

< start="15527.044" dur="5.205">THEY ARE PERFORMING A NATIONAL>

< start="15529.246" dur="8.342">SERVICE.>

< start="15530.814" dur="8.008">THE NUMBERS OF INFECTED>

< start="15532.349" dur="6.941">INDIVIDUALS AND THE RAPIDLY>

< start="15537.688" dur="5.539">RISING DEATH TOLL WITH>

< start="15538.922" dur="6.24">STAGGERING.>

< start="15539.39" dur="8.909">IF WE DO NOT FOLLOW PUBLIC>

< start="15543.327" dur="5.306">HEALTH EXPERTS ADVICE, THE>

< start="15545.262" dur="6.34">TOTALS COULD BE TRULY>

< start="15548.399" dur="5.372">HORRIFYING.>

< start="15548.733" dur="6.773">IN NEW MEXICO WE HAVE OVER 100>

< start="15551.702" dur="8.208">DIAGNOSED CASES AND TODAY THE>

< start="15553.871" dur="8.241">FIRST DEATH IN OUR STATE WAS>

< start="15555.606" dur="10.143">REPORTED, A SENIOR CITIZENS FROM>

< start="15560.01" dur="7.775">EDY COUNTY IN THE SOUTHEASTERN>

< start="15562.212" dur="6.874">PART OF OUR STATE PASSED AWAY.>

< start="15565.849" dur="5.506">ALL AMERICANS ARE FACING NEW>

< start="15567.885" dur="5.505">CHALLENGES, A THREAT TO OUR>

< start="15569.186" dur="7.241">HEALTH, A THREAT TO OUR ECONOMY.>

< start="15571.455" dur="6.573">MY TOP PRIORITY IS EASING THIS>

< start="15573.49" dur="7.775">HARDSHIP AND MAKING SURE NEW>

< start="15576.527" dur="5.372">MEXICANS HAVE WHAT THEY NEED TO>

< start="15578.128" dur="6.106">STAY HEALTHY AND TO STAY>

< start="15581.365" dur="5.105">ECONOMICALLY AFLOAT.>

< start="15581.999" dur="7.674">WITH THAT IN MIND, I'M RISING IT>

< start="15584.334" dur="7.508">TODAY TO TELL NEW MEXICANS>

< start="15586.57" dur="8.108">RELIEF IS ON THE WAY.>

< start="15589.773" dur="6.941">WE RELIEF TO AMERICAN WORKERS>

< start="15591.942" dur="7.875">WHO HAVE BEEN PUT OF WORK AND TO>

< start="15594.778" dur="9.276">SMALL BUSINESSES THAT ARE MAKING>

< start="15596.814" dur="10.944">IMPOSSIBLE DECISIONS BECAUSE OF>

< start="15599.917" dur="9.076">THE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC.>

< start="15604.154" dur="6.974">RELIEF TO OUR HOSPITALS AND>

< start="15607.858" dur="4.805">FRONT-LINE HEALTH CARE WORKERS>

< start="15609.093" dur="6.072">FACING AN OVERWHELMED HEALTH>

< start="15611.228" dur="5.506">CARE SYSTEM IN THE COMING WEEKS>

< start="15612.763" dur="5.606">AND MONTHS AND RELIEF TO LOCAL>

< start="15615.265" dur="4.805">STATES AND GOVERNMENTS THAT ARE>

< start="15616.834" dur="4.471">DOING THEIR BEST TO TAKE CARE OF>

< start="15618.469" dur="5.238">THEIR RESIDENTS AND MAINTAIN>

< start="15620.17" dur="7.508">ESSENTIAL SERVICES.>

< start="15621.405" dur="8.609">STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS ARE>

< start="15623.807" dur="7.741">DESPERATELY IN NEED OF>

< start="15627.778" dur="5.705">ASSISTANCE ONLY THE FEDERAL>

< start="15630.114" dur="5.472">GOVERNMENT CAN PROVIDE.>

< start="15631.648" dur="5.773">AND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS TO WHOM>

< start="15633.583" dur="6.541">WE OWE TRUST AND TREATY>

< start="15635.686" dur="5.705">OBLIGATIONS TO PROVIDE HEALTH>

< start="15637.521" dur="5.706">CARE, EDUCATION, AND COMMUNITY>

< start="15640.224" dur="6.339">ASSISTANCE, PARTICULARLY IN>

< start="15641.491" dur="7.375">TIMES OF NEED.>

< start="15643.327" dur="6.873">AFTER DAYS OF FURIOUS>

< start="15646.663" dur="5.006">NEGOTIATIONS, I'M PLEASED AND>

< start="15648.966" dur="5.205">RELIEVED THAT DEMOCRATS AND>

< start="15650.3" dur="6.407">REPUBLICANS WERE ABLE TO REACH>

< start="15651.769" dur="7.207">AGREEMENT ON WHAT WILL BE THE>

< start="15654.271" dur="9.109">LARGEST FEDERAL RELIEF EFFORT IN>

< start="15656.807" dur="7.708">OUR HISTORY.>

< start="15659.076" dur="8.508">THE TIMES DEMAND A RESPONSE OF>

< start="15663.48" dur="6.407">THIS MAGNITUDE.>

< start="15664.615" dur="9.409">THE STAY-AT-HOME ORDERS WHICH>

< start="15667.684" dur="8.376">MAKE NO MISTAKE ARE NECESSARY TO>

< start="15669.987" dur="7.174">STOP THE VIRUS, THREATEN THE>

< start="15674.124" dur="4.071">LIVELIHOOD OF MILLIONS OF>

< start="15676.16" dur="3.637">WORKING FAMILIES THAT LIVE>

< start="15677.261" dur="4.371">PAYCHECK TO PAYCHECK.>

< start="15678.295" dur="6.006">MILLIONS OF SMALL BUSINESSES ARE>

< start="15679.897" dur="6.273">IN DIRE NEED OF HELP.>

< start="15681.732" dur="6.673">THEY POWER OUR ECONOMY BUT>

< start="15684.401" dur="4.571">SIMPLY CAN'T SURVIVE DURING THE>

< start="15686.27" dur="3.937">KIND OF ECONOMIC DOWNTURN WE NOW>

< start="15688.505" dur="3.404">FACE.>

< start="15689.072" dur="4.605">THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS THE>

< start="15690.307" dur="6.006">POWER TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE>

< start="15692.009" dur="7.808">CAN TAKE THE PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="15693.777" dur="6.407">MEASURES THAT ARE NECESSARY>

< start="15696.413" dur="6.407">WHILE ALSO STAYING AFLOAT>

< start="15699.917" dur="5.772">FINANCIALLY.>

< start="15700.284" dur="7.14">WE ARE HERE IN THE SENATE -- WE>

< start="15702.92" dur="9.009">HERE IN THE SENATE NEED TO MAKE>

< start="15705.789" dur="9.777">ABSOLUTELY SURE THAT EVERYONE,>

< start="15707.524" dur="10.377">NOT JUST THOSE AT THE TOP -->

< start="15712.029" dur="7.908">THAT EVERYONE IS TAKEN CARE OF>

< start="15715.666" dur="6.64">AND CAN WEATHER THIS CRISIS.>

< start="15718.001" dur="7.074">I'M STRONGLY SUPPORTIVE OF THE>

< start="15720.037" dur="7.574">SMALL BUSINESS RELIEF IN THIS>

< start="15722.406" dur="7.407">BILL, WHICH INCLUDES LOANS OF UP>

< start="15725.175" dur="7.174">TO $10 MILLION THAT CAN BE>

< start="15727.711" dur="5.239">FORGIVEN AND TURNED INTO GRANTS>

< start="15729.913" dur="5.439">IF EMPLOYEES ARE KEPT ON THE>

< start="15732.449" dur="4.371">PAYROLL.>

< start="15733.05" dur="8.175">THIS RELIEF WILL GO THROUGH THE>

< start="15735.452" dur="10.878">SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION>

< start="15736.92" dur="9.71">AND BE AVAILABLE TO ANY BUSINESS>

< start="15741.325" dur="6.406">OR NONPROFIT UNDER 500>

< start="15746.43" dur="3.236">EMPLOYEES.>

< start="15746.73" dur="4.505">WITH DEMOCRATS AT THE>

< start="15747.831" dur="5.572">NEGOTIATING TABLE, WE WORKED>

< start="15749.766" dur="6.207">TOWARD THAT GOAL, AND AS A>

< start="15751.335" dur="5.505">RESULT, AMERICAN WORKERS WILL>

< start="15753.503" dur="6.807">RECEIVE FOUR MONTHS MORE OF>

< start="15756.073" dur="7.941">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE INSTEAD>

< start="15756.94" dur="9.643">OF JUST THREE BECAUSE SO MANY>

< start="15760.41" dur="8.142">AMERICANS ARE NOW OUT OF WORK WE>

< start="15764.114" dur="5.906">NEED AN EXPANDED UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="15766.683" dur="6.607">INSURANCE PLAN.>

< start="15768.652" dur="7.007">THIS PLAN EXTENDS UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="15770.121" dur="8.074">TO THE SELF-EMPLOYED FOR THE>

< start="15773.39" dur="5.072">FIRST TIME, IT INCREASES THE>

< start="15775.759" dur="4.038">MAXIMUM BENEFIT BY $600 PER>

< start="15778.295" dur="3.537">WEEK.>

< start="15778.562" dur="5.405">MANY WORKERS WILL RECEIVE THEIR>

< start="15779.897" dur="5.572">FULL PAY UNDER THIS EXPANSION.>

< start="15781.932" dur="6.64">JUST TO GIVE AN IDEA OF THE>

< start="15784.067" dur="8.042">MAGNITUDE OF THIS PROBLEM IN MY>

< start="15785.569" dur="8.909">HOME STATE OF NEW MEXICO, DURING>

< start="15788.672" dur="6.173">THE WEEK OF MARCH 9, WE HAD>

< start="15792.209" dur="6.173">FEWER THAN 800 CLAIMS FOR>

< start="15794.578" dur="10.944">UNEMPLOYMENT.>

< start="15794.945" dur="11.311">THIS LAST WEEK WE HAD 11,000 AND>

< start="15798.482" dur="9.943">NOW WE ARE RECEIVING 7,000 EVERY>

< start="15805.622" dur="4.305">DAY.>

< start="15806.356" dur="6.974">ALSO, BECAUSE DEMOCRATS STOOD>

< start="15808.525" dur="6.04">FIRM, OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEM>

< start="15810.027" dur="7.407">WILL SEE AN INFUSION OF>

< start="15813.43" dur="7.274">$55 BILLION INTO THE MARSHAL>

< start="15814.665" dur="9.743">PLAN FOR HEALTH CARE.>

< start="15817.534" dur="7.241">THE TOTAL PUBLIC HEALTH CARE>

< start="15820.804" dur="7.44">INVESTMENT IN THIS BILL IS NOW>

< start="15824.508" dur="6.773">$150 BILLION.>

< start="15824.875" dur="8.041">WE WILL ESTABLISH A $150 BILLION>

< start="15828.345" dur="7.541">RELIEF FUND FOR STATE, LOCAL,>

< start="15831.381" dur="4.738">AND TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS TO HELP>

< start="15833.016" dur="8.309">COVER COSTS OF FIGHTING THIS>

< start="15835.986" dur="8.775">VIRUS.>

< start="15836.22" dur="11.478">NEW MEXICO IS ELIGIBLE FOR UP TO>

< start="15841.425" dur="8.208">$1.25 BILLION FROM THIS, AND WE>

< start="15844.861" dur="6.04">WILL BRING ACCOUNTABILITY AND>

< start="15847.798" dur="3.937">TRANSPARENCY FOR THE RELIEF OF>

< start="15849.733" dur="4.104">INDUSTRIES AND LARGE>

< start="15851.001" dur="4.271">CORPORATIONS.>

< start="15851.835" dur="5.706">THIS RELIEF BILL PUTS IN>

< start="15853.937" dur="5.239">TRANSPARENCY AND INDEPENDENT>

< start="15855.372" dur="5.305">OVERSIGHT AND ALSO MAKES SURE>

< start="15857.641" dur="5.305">THAT ELECTED POLITICIANS,>

< start="15859.276" dur="7.374">INCLUDING THE PRESIDENT, ARE NOT>

< start="15860.777" dur="8.142">THE BENEFICIARIES OF THIS FUND.>

< start="15863.046" dur="7.374">WE FACE A NATIONAL CRISIS OF>

< start="15866.75" dur="5.172">MONUMENTAL PROPORTIONS, AND I'M>

< start="15869.019" dur="4.171">HEARTENED THAT REPUBLICANS AND>

< start="15870.52" dur="4.739">DEMOCRATS IN THIS BODY JOIN>

< start="15872.022" dur="7.107">TOGETHER OVER -- JOINED TOGETHER>

< start="15873.29" dur="7.074">OVER THE LAST SEVERAL DAYS TO>

< start="15875.359" dur="7.741">FACE THIS CRISIS TO THE AS A>

< start="15879.229" dur="5.239">NATION -- TOGETHER AS A NATION.>

< start="15880.464" dur="5.439">THIS IS WHAT WE DO AS AMERICANS.>

< start="15883.2" dur="4.705">AND I HAVE HOPE THAT AS WE>

< start="15884.568" dur="5.038">CONTINUE TO FACE DOWN THIS>

< start="15886.003" dur="7.574">CRISIS IN THE COMING WEEKS>

< start="15888.005" dur="7.774">MONTHS, WE WILL CONTINUE TO DO>

< start="15889.706" dur="7.141">SO IN A UNITED FASHION.>

< start="15893.677" dur="4.771">AS VICE CHAIR OF THE SENATE>

< start="15895.879" dur="4.838">INDIAN AFFAIRS COMMITTEE, I'VE>

< start="15896.947" dur="7.274">BEEN PARTICULARLY FOCUSED ON>

< start="15898.548" dur="7.475">MAKING SURE THAT INDIAN COUNTRY>

< start="15900.817" dur="7.708">IS NOT LEFT OUT, AND ENSURING>

< start="15904.321" dur="5.839">THAT TRIBES WHO ARE ON THE FRONT>

< start="15906.123" dur="7.207">LINES OF THIS PUBLIC HEALTH AND>

< start="15908.625" dur="6.64">ECONOMIC CRISIS HAVE THE>

< start="15910.26" dur="8.042">RESOURCES THEY NEED AND DESERVE.>

< start="15913.43" dur="7.641">TOGETHER, WITH MY DEMOCRATIC>

< start="15915.365" dur="8.642">COLLEAGUES, I FOUGHT FOR AND>

< start="15918.402" dur="5.939">SECURED AN $8 BILLION SET ASIDE>

< start="15921.171" dur="5.739">FOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENTS AND THEIR>

< start="15924.107" dur="6.774">ENTERPRISES.>

< start="15924.441" dur="8.609">THIS TRIBAL RELIEF FUND WILL>

< start="15927.01" dur="9.31">PROVIDE THE 574 FEDERALLY>

< start="15930.981" dur="7.007">RECOGNIZED INDIAN TRIBES WITH>

< start="15933.15" dur="5.672">FLEXIBLE RESOURCES, RESOURCES>

< start="15936.42" dur="5.038">THEY NEED DURING THE COVID-19>

< start="15938.088" dur="5.672">RESPONSE.>

< start="15938.922" dur="7.074">AND I'M GLAD WE FOUND BIPARTISAN>

< start="15941.558" dur="7.474">AGREEMENT ON THIS.>

< start="15943.86" dur="8.442">WE ALSO SECURED OVER $2 BILLION>

< start="15946.096" dur="8.008">IN EMERGENCY FUNDING FOR TRIBAL>

< start="15949.132" dur="8.108">NEEDS, AND THIS INCLUDES OVER>

< start="15952.402" dur="6.373">$1 BILLION FOR THE INDIAN HEALTH>

< start="15954.204" dur="6.239">SERVICE THAT WILL BE USED FOR>

< start="15957.34" dur="5.84">EVERYTHING FROM EXPANDING>

< start="15958.875" dur="7.007">MEDICAL SERVICES TO PURCHASING>

< start="15960.543" dur="7.542">EQUIPMENT TO PROMOTING PUBLIC>

< start="15963.28" dur="6.573">HEALTH EDUCATION TO EXPANDING>

< start="15965.982" dur="5.539">TELEHEALTH SERVICES AND>

< start="15968.185" dur="6.406">INCREASING DISEASE SURVEILLANCE.>

< start="15969.953" dur="7.007">AND OVER $700 MILLION THAT WILL>

< start="15971.621" dur="8.042">GO TO THE BUREAU OF INDIAN>

< start="15974.691" dur="6.674">AFFAIRS, THE BUREAU OF INDIAN>

< start="15977.06" dur="7.241">EDUCATION, AND THE H.U.D. OFFICE>

< start="15979.763" dur="5.672">OF NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS.>

< start="15981.465" dur="5.906">THESE FUNDS WILL ASSIST TRIBAL>

< start="15984.401" dur="4.671">GOVERNMENTS AS THEY MAKE THEIR>

< start="15985.535" dur="5.372">WAY THROUGH THIS CRISIS AND>

< start="15987.471" dur="5.005">SUPPORT THEIR MEMBERS, SUPPORT>

< start="15989.172" dur="5.172">THE I.B.E. SCHOOLS AND TRIBAL>

< start="15991.007" dur="5.239">COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES SO>

< start="15992.576" dur="6.173">THAT STUDENTS CONTINUE WITH>

< start="15994.444" dur="6.807">THEIR EDUCATION, AND PROVIDE>

< start="15996.346" dur="5.706">HOUSING FOR THOSE MOST IN NEED>

< start="15998.849" dur="5.839">WHO WERE IMPACTED BY THIS>

< start="16001.351" dur="4.738">TERRIBLE VIRUS.>

< start="16002.152" dur="8.642">THESE ARE KEY VICTORIES, BUT>

< start="16004.788" dur="8.442">WE'RE NOT DONE.>

< start="16006.189" dur="10.044">WE MUST UPHOLD OUR TRUST AND>

< start="16010.894" dur="6.907">TREATY RESPONSIBILITIES TO ALL>

< start="16013.33" dur="9.276">AMERICAN INDIANS AND ALASKA>

< start="16016.333" dur="8.842">NATIVES, AND SO CONGRESS MUST DO>

< start="16017.901" dur="9.209">MORE TO RESPOND TO THE UNIQUE>

< start="16022.706" dur="4.671">COVID-19-RELATED PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="16025.275" dur="4.805">AND ECONOMIC CRISES IN INDIAN>

< start="16027.21" dur="4.772">COUNTRY.>

< start="16027.477" dur="5.906">TRIBES ARE SOME OF THE MOST>

< start="16030.18" dur="3.47">VULNERABLE POPULATIONS WITH THE>

< start="16032.082" dur="5.072">LEAST ROBUST HEALTH CARE>

< start="16033.483" dur="9.543">SYSTEMS.>

< start="16033.783" dur="11.078">WE HAVE A VERY SCARY OUTBREAK ON>

< start="16037.254" dur="9.242">THE NAVAJO NATION AND I'M SURE>

< start="16043.126" dur="5.606">THAT BENEED TO WEIGH IN -- WE>

< start="16044.961" dur="4.972">NEED TO WEIGH IN AND HELP THERE.>

< start="16046.596" dur="5.139">FOR OUR NEXT RESPONSE PACKAGE,>

< start="16048.832" dur="5.205">AND BELIEVE ME WE'RE GOING TO>

< start="16050.033" dur="5.072">HAVE TO MONITOR THIS CLOSELY AND>

< start="16051.835" dur="5.205">WE'RE IN ALL LIKELIHOOD GOING TO>

< start="16054.137" dur="5.506">BE BACK HERE AGAIN.>

< start="16055.205" dur="8.108">WE MUST MAKE SURE THAT INDIAN>

< start="16057.14" dur="8.609">COUNTRY HAS EQUAL ACCESS TO>

< start="16059.743" dur="8.141">FEDERAL CORONAVIRUS RESOURCES.>

< start="16063.413" dur="7.107">SENATOR HEINRICH AND I FOUGHT>

< start="16065.849" dur="6.64">HARD FOR NEW MEXICO PRIORITIES.>

< start="16067.984" dur="7.975">WE ARE WORKING HARD ON ISSUES>

< start="16070.62" dur="7.741">THAT HAVE TO DO WITH OUR>

< start="16072.589" dur="7.274">NATIONAL LABS, ONE OF OUR VERY,>

< start="16076.059" dur="5.873">VERY TOP EMPLOYERS, IN FACT,>

< start="16078.461" dur="5.673">PROBABLY THE BIGGEST.>

< start="16079.963" dur="5.973">NEW MEXICO'S CREATIVE ECONOMY>

< start="16082.032" dur="3.971">CAN'T BE LEFT BEHIND.>

< start="16084.234" dur="3.169">SITTING AT THE LEAD DEMOCRAT ON>

< start="16086.069" dur="5.939">THE APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE>

< start="16087.503" dur="6.04">THAT FUNDS THE NATIONAL>

< start="16090.44" dur="5.072">ENDOWMENT, I PUSHED FOR AN>

< start="16092.108" dur="5.039">ADDITIONAL $75 MILLION FOR BOTH>

< start="16093.643" dur="4.638">THE NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE>

< start="16095.612" dur="4.605">ARTS AND NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR>

< start="16097.247" dur="4.371">THE HUMANITIES.>

< start="16098.381" dur="7.441">THESE FUNDS WILL SUPPORT LOCAL>

< start="16100.317" dur="7.474">ARTISTS AND ARTS PROGRAMS>

< start="16101.718" dur="7.741">THROUGH THIS TOUGH ECONOMIC >

< start="16105.922" dur="6.874">TIME, WHEN ARTS AND CULTURAL>

< start="16107.891" dur="6.94">VENUES ARE SHUTTERED AND ARTISTS>

< start="16109.559" dur="7.341">AND ALL OTHERS ARE OUT OF WORK,>

< start="16112.896" dur="6.44">THERE'S NO DOUBT THAT THESE ARE>

< start="16114.931" dur="4.638">EXCEEDINGLY DIFFICULT TIMES BUT>

< start="16117" dur="4.838">TOGETHER WE CAN GET THROUGH>

< start="16119.436" dur="5.372">THIS.>

< start="16119.67" dur="7.273">I WOULD LIKE TO REMIND EVERYONE>

< start="16121.938" dur="5.272">TO FOLLOW THE PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="16124.908" dur="3.77">MEASURES RECOMMENDED BY THE>

< start="16127.043" dur="4.705">EXPERTS.>

< start="16127.31" dur="7.274">STAYING AT HOME IS THE BEST>

< start="16128.778" dur="8.876">THING WE CAN DO TO SLOW THE>

< start="16131.848" dur="6.84">SPREAD OF THIS VIRUS AND ENSURE>

< start="16134.684" dur="6.207">OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS ARE NOT>

< start="16137.754" dur="6.006">OVERRUN.>

< start="16138.788" dur="7.541">THESE MEASURES ARE A FIRE BREAK>

< start="16140.991" dur="8.775">THAT CUTS OFF THE FUEL FOR THIS>

< start="16143.86" dur="7.675">VIRUS AND PREVENTS A CATASTROPHE>

< start="16146.429" dur="6.774">THAT OVERRUNS OUR HOSPITALS.>

< start="16149.866" dur="5.773">SOCIAL DISTANCE, WASH YOUR HANDS>

< start="16151.635" dur="8.074">FOR 20 SECONDS.>

< start="16153.303" dur="7.908">WE ALL HAVE AN IMPORTANT PART TO>

< start="16155.739" dur="7.641">PLAY IN CONTAINING COVID-19 AND>

< start="16159.809" dur="4.038">KEEPING OURSELVES AND OUR>

< start="16161.311" dur="5.405">NEIGHBORS AND OUR COMMUNITIES>

< start="16163.48" dur="6.139">SAFE.>

< start="16163.947" dur="8.976">THE STATE OF NEW MEXICO IS UNDER>

< start="16166.816" dur="7.775">A STAY-AT-HOME ORDER.>

< start="16169.719" dur="8.542">I COMMEND GOVERNOR GRISHAM FOR>

< start="16173.023" dur="8.775">THE QUICK AND DECISIVE ACTION>

< start="16174.691" dur="7.808">THAT SHE HAS TAKEN AND SHE IS>

< start="16178.361" dur="5.573">FOCUSING IN LIKE THIS LIKE A>

< start="16181.898" dur="3.404">LASER BEAM.>

< start="16182.599" dur="5.205">I KNOW THESE MEASURES ARE>

< start="16184.034" dur="7.874">DIFFICULT AND A HARDSHIP FOR>

< start="16185.402" dur="8.508">MANY, BUT WE WILL ONLY BE ABLE>

< start="16187.904" dur="8.442">TO REVIVE OUR ECONOMY ONCE THIS>

< start="16192.008" dur="6.34">PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS IS ABATED.>

< start="16194.01" dur="4.939">IF WE JUST LET THE VIRUS RUN ITS>

< start="16196.446" dur="5.939">COURSE, WE COULD LOSE OVER A>

< start="16198.448" dur="5.506">MILLION PEOPLE.>

< start="16199.049" dur="7.174">SOME ESTIMATES ARE TWO MILLION,>

< start="16202.485" dur="9.376">ONE TO TWO MILLION.>

< start="16204.054" dur="10.944">THAT WOULD BE TOTALLY>

< start="16206.323" dur="9.976">UNACCEPTABLE AND DEVASTATING.>

< start="16211.961" dur="6.107">AND BECAUSE OF THE FRONTLINE>

< start="16215.098" dur="6.54">HEALTH CARE WORKERS, THE>

< start="16216.399" dur="7.141">DOCTORS, THE NURSES, AND THE>

< start="16218.168" dur="6.339">TECHNICIANS AND ALL THOSE WHO>

< start="16221.738" dur="5.939">SUPPORT THAT WORK, HOSPITAL>

< start="16223.64" dur="5.505">JANITORS, CAFETERIA WORKERS AND>

< start="16224.607" dur="6.641">SO MANY OTHERS, THIS PUBLIC>

< start="16227.777" dur="4.772">HEALTH CRISIS WILL SEE AN END.>

< start="16229.245" dur="5.305">THANK YOU TO EVERYONE WHO IS>

< start="16231.348" dur="4.838">RISKING THEIR OWN SAFETY TO HELP>

< start="16232.649" dur="6.306">OTHERS AND THANKS TO ALL THE>

< start="16234.65" dur="4.538">SENATE STAFF THAT IS HERE ON THE>

< start="16236.286" dur="4.938">FLOOR AND THE PEOPLE THAT WORK>

< start="16239.055" dur="4.238">HERE.>

< start="16239.289" dur="5.606">IN THE DAYS AND WEEKS AND MONTHS>

< start="16241.324" dur="8.475">AHEAD, WE MUST CONTINUE TO>

< start="16243.393" dur="8.075">CLOSELY MONITOR ALL AS PEPGHTS>

< start="16244.995" dur="9.109">OF THE IMPACT OF CORONAVIRUS ON>

< start="16249.899" dur="5.072">OUR NATION'S HEALTH AND ECONOMY>

< start="16251.568" dur="4.838">AND CONTINUE TO DECISIVELY AND>

< start="16254.204" dur="5.105">AGGRESSIVELY RESPOND TO THE>

< start="16255.071" dur="6.207">NEEDS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.>

< start="16256.506" dur="6.607">I AM CONFIDENT THAT WORKING>

< start="16259.409" dur="7.608">TOGETHER AS ONE NATION AND ONE>

< start="16261.378" dur="8.742">PEOPLE WE WILL MEET AND BEAT>

< start="16263.213" dur="10.21">THIS CRISIS AND COME OUT ON THE>

< start="16267.117" dur="8.575">OTHER END STRONGER.>

< start="16270.22" dur="9.275">TO CONCLUDE WE MUST PASS THIS>

< start="16273.523" dur="8.208">BILL WITHOUT DELAY.>

< start="16275.792" dur="10.51">THIS IS A GOOD COMPROMISE AND WE>

< start="16279.595" dur="8.276">MUST ACT NOW.>

< start="16281.831" dur="7.741">MADAM PRESIDENT, I NOTE THE>

< start="16286.402" dur="16.484">ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.>

< start="16287.971" dur="14.915">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="16289.672" dur="13.214">CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="16303.887" dur="1.969">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="16990.806" dur="2.036">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="17628.009" dur="2.737">MR. LEAHY: MADAM PRESIDENT.>

< start="17628.777" dur="3.37">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="17629.344" dur="3.537">SENATOR FROM VERMONT.>

< start="17630.846" dur="3.436">MR. LEAHY: MADAM PRESIDENT, I>

< start="17632.247" dur="2.669">ASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THE CALL>

< start="17632.981" dur="2.602">OF THE QUORUM BE DISPENSED WITH.>

< start="17634.382" dur="3.638">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="17635.016" dur="5.673">OBJECTION.>

< start="17635.683" dur="7.408">MR. LEAHY: MADAM PRESIDENT,>

< start="17638.12" dur="7.34">SENATORS HAVE BEEN WORKING VERY>

< start="17640.789" dur="7.941">HARD TO RESPOND TO THE CRISIS>

< start="17643.191" dur="8.776">THAT'S FACING OUR WHOLE NATION.>

< start="17645.56" dur="8.042">EACH ONE OF US HAS CERTAIN>

< start="17648.83" dur="6.941">THINGS THAT OUR STATES -- IN OUR>

< start="17652.067" dur="4.071">STATES THAT MIGHT BE UNIQUE, BUT>

< start="17653.702" dur="7.741">WE ALSO ARE HERE FOR ALL OF>

< start="17655.871" dur="9.609">AMERICA.>

< start="17656.238" dur="11.211">AND ALL OF AMERICA IS SUFFERING.>

< start="17661.543" dur="9.243">I KNOW MY -- MY STAFF, MY STAFF>

< start="17665.58" dur="7.608">IN VERMONT, MY STAFF DOWN HERE,>

< start="17667.549" dur="7.574">THE APPROPRIATORS, THE>

< start="17670.886" dur="7.574">APPROPRIATIONS STAFF HAVE BEEN>

< start="17673.288" dur="5.472">WORKING EVERY DAY, EVERY NIGHT>

< start="17675.223" dur="6.774">UNTIL MIDNIGHT OR LATER,>

< start="17678.56" dur="5.172">WEEKENDS.>

< start="17678.86" dur="7.107">NOBODY HAS HAD ANY TIME OFF.>

< start="17682.097" dur="8.241">I HAVE BEEN PROUD TO WORK WITH>

< start="17683.832" dur="8.375">THEM EVEN THOUGH WE HAVE SET UP,>

< start="17686.067" dur="10.177">AS I WOULD HOPE ALL WOULD DO, SO>

< start="17690.438" dur="9.443">WE COULD TELECONFERENCE AND WE>

< start="17692.307" dur="11.311">COULD WORK REMOTELY.>

< start="17696.344" dur="11.379">EARLIER THIS WEEK, WE WERE FACED>

< start="17699.981" dur="8.676">WITH THE PROSPECT OF A BILL THAT>

< start="17703.718" dur="6.941">WAS VERY ONE-SIDED.>

< start="17707.823" dur="4.137">REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS HAVE>

< start="17708.757" dur="4.204">NOT DONE WHAT WE DO BEST,>

< start="17710.759" dur="4.771">SITTING DOWN AND PUTTING IT>

< start="17712.06" dur="5.572">TOGETHER.>

< start="17713.061" dur="6.94">WE WERE GIVEN ALMOST A TAKE IT>

< start="17715.63" dur="8.342">OR LEAVE IT BILL.>

< start="17717.732" dur="9.443">AND I APPLAUD SENATOR SCHUMER>

< start="17720.101" dur="8.142">WHO SAID COME BACK TOGETHER.>

< start="17724.072" dur="8.142">LET'S NOT PASS THAT BILL WHICH>

< start="17727.275" dur="7.141">LEAVES OUT SO MUCH OF AMERICA,>

< start="17728.343" dur="7.875">SO MUCH OF THE PEOPLE THAT WE>

< start="17732.314" dur="4.971">REPRESENT.>

< start="17734.516" dur="5.305">LEFT US COME TOGETHER, BOTH AS>

< start="17736.318" dur="7.808">REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS, AND>

< start="17737.385" dur="8.943">FIND A BETTER BILL.>

< start="17739.921" dur="7.341">NOW, LATE LAST NIGHT -->

< start="17744.226" dur="6.773">ACTUALLY, CLOSER TO THIS>

< start="17746.428" dur="6.406">MORNING, AN AGREEMENT WAS>

< start="17747.362" dur="10.411">REACHED IN PRINCIPLE ON SUCH A>

< start="17751.099" dur="7.941">BILL.>

< start="17752.934" dur="8.075">THE APPROPRIATORS DO ONLY A PART>

< start="17757.873" dur="4.737">OF IT.>

< start="17759.14" dur="4.972">SENATOR SHELBY AND I TRIED TO>

< start="17761.109" dur="5.039">WORK TOGETHER TO HAVE SOMETHING>

< start="17762.71" dur="5.039">WHERE ALL THE APPROPRIATIONS>

< start="17764.212" dur="4.605">COMMITTEE OR THE VAST MAJORITY>

< start="17766.248" dur="2.636">OF THE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE,>

< start="17767.849" dur="4.204">REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS WOULD>

< start="17768.95" dur="10.277">AGREE, AND WE DID THAT.>

< start="17772.153" dur="10.745">THAT'S WHAT WE HAVE BEFORE US.>

< start="17775.357" dur="8.909">I'M SORRY THAT THERE SEEM TO BE>

< start="17779.327" dur="6.474">SOME -- NOW I THINK THAT>

< start="17782.998" dur="4.671">SENATORS HAVE -- AND SENATORS>

< start="17784.366" dur="4.704">AGAIN ON BOTH PARTIES HAVE>

< start="17785.901" dur="4.304">WORKED SO HARD TO PUT TOGETHER>

< start="17787.769" dur="4.204">SOMETHING WE CAN ALL AGREE ON.>

< start="17789.17" dur="3.738">WE HAVE SOMETHING WE SHOULD BE>

< start="17790.305" dur="8.375">ABLE TO AGREE ON, WE SHOULD BE>

< start="17792.073" dur="10.144">ABLE TO VOTE.>

< start="17793.008" dur="9.276">I AGREE WITH THE DISCUSSIONS>

< start="17798.78" dur="4.038">THAT -- SPEAKING OF JUST OUR>

< start="17802.35" dur="3.037">PARTY.>

< start="17802.918" dur="5.338">DISCUSSIONS THAT SENATOR SCHUMER>

< start="17804.552" dur="5.106">HAD THIS MORNING.>

< start="17805.487" dur="6.006">WE ALL KNOW THAT NONE OF US GOT>

< start="17808.356" dur="4.538">EVERY SINGLE THING WE WANT.>

< start="17809.758" dur="5.772">JUST AS I'M SURE MY REPUBLICAN>

< start="17811.593" dur="5.672">FRIENDS HAVE NOT GOT EVERY>

< start="17812.994" dur="5.906">SINGLE THING THEY WANT.>

< start="17815.63" dur="4.104">AND IS ANY BILL PERFECT,>

< start="17817.365" dur="3.904">ESPECIALLY SOMETHING OF THIS>

< start="17819" dur="4.271">UNPRECEDENTED MAGNITUDE?>

< start="17819.834" dur="5.539">OF COURSE NOT.>

< start="17821.369" dur="4.304">BUT WE ARE AT A POINT WHERE>

< start="17823.371" dur="5.239">REALITY HAS TO OVERCOME>

< start="17825.473" dur="4.438">RHETORIC.>

< start="17825.773" dur="6.607">WE HAVE TO STAND UP AND BE THE>

< start="17828.71" dur="4.138">CONSCIENCE OF THE NATION, AS WE>

< start="17830.012" dur="5.705">HAVE BEEN IN THE PAST, AND CAN>

< start="17832.48" dur="3.304">BE TODAY.>

< start="17832.948" dur="5.405">IT IS TIME FOR SENATORS TO COME>

< start="17835.85" dur="7.074">TOGETHER AND VOTE.>

< start="17838.453" dur="5.539">I KNOW ON OUR SIDE, SENATOR>

< start="17841.756" dur="7.675">SCHUMER, THAT UNDER HIS>

< start="17843.024" dur="8.008">LEADERSHIP AND THE OTHERS ARE>

< start="17844.092" dur="9.476">READY TO DO THAT.>

< start="17849.531" dur="6.673">I DON'T THINK PEOPLE REALIZE IN>

< start="17851.132" dur="6.907">OUR CAUCUS, WE GO ACROSS THE>

< start="17853.668" dur="4.705">POLITICAL SPECTRUM.>

< start="17856.304" dur="5.072">WE HAVE SOMETHING THAT WE ALL>

< start="17858.139" dur="5.573">WANT.>

< start="17858.473" dur="7.941">I'M THE DEAN OF THE SENATE.>

< start="17861.476" dur="8.475">I'VE BEEN HERE THE LONGEST.>

< start="17863.812" dur="7.374">I'M NOT GOING TO GET EVERYTHING>

< start="17866.514" dur="6.44">I WANT AND NEITHER IS THE>

< start="17870.051" dur="4.471">PRESIDING OFFICER NOR IS ANYONE.>

< start="17871.286" dur="4.738">BUT AMERICA IS GOING TO GET A>

< start="17873.054" dur="4.038">LOT MORE THAN IT HAS NOW.>

< start="17874.622" dur="4.472">LET'S DO THIS FOR AMERICA.>

< start="17876.124" dur="6.673">LET'S PASS THIS BILL.>

< start="17877.192" dur="9.643">LET'S BRING IT UP.>

< start="17879.194" dur="11.778">LET'S VOTE ON IT.>

< start="17882.897" dur="11.078">LET'S STOP SAYING, OH, BUT, YES,>

< start="17886.935" dur="7.941">YOU HAVE 98%, 99% OF WHAT I>

< start="17891.072" dur="9.043">WANT, BUT I'VE GOT THIS OTHER>

< start="17894.075" dur="9.21">LITTLE PIECE.>

< start="17894.976" dur="8.842">NO, AS AMERICANS WE SHOULD SAY>

< start="17900.215" dur="6.74">IT'S REALITY TIME, NOT RHETORIC>

< start="17903.385" dur="5.872">TIME.>

< start="17903.918" dur="9.143">REALITY TRUMPS RHETORIC ANY DAY.>

< start="17907.055" dur="7.741">LET'S GO AHEAD AND VOTE.>

< start="17909.357" dur="6.807">I COMMEND THOSE SENATORS, THE>

< start="17913.161" dur="5.072">REPUBLICAN PARTY AND THOSE>

< start="17914.896" dur="4.171">SENATORS IN THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY>

< start="17916.264" dur="4.338">WHO HAVE WORKED SO CLOSELY WITH>

< start="17918.333" dur="3.47">EACH OTHER.>

< start="17919.167" dur="5.005">I KNOW WE HAVE IN>

< start="17920.702" dur="7.174">APPROPRIATIONS, BUT IN SO MANY>

< start="17921.903" dur="6.573">OTHER PARTS WE HAVE.>

< start="17924.272" dur="6.173">AND IT'S TIME TO SAY, OKAY,>

< start="17927.976" dur="4.438">LET'S VOTE.>

< start="17928.576" dur="4.905">WITH THAT, MR. PRESIDENT, I WILL>

< start="17930.545" dur="4.572">SUGGEST THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.>

< start="17932.514" dur="2.603">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE CLERK>

< start="17933.581" dur="1.536">WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="17935.983" dur="1.069">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="18793.04" dur="1.569">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="19660.84" dur="2.036">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="20524.303" dur="1.402">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="21464.576" dur="1.835">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="22347.791" dur="3.004">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="23279.122" dur="2.102">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="24155.998" dur="1.969">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="24320.562" dur="2.436">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="24321.163" dur="3.403">SENATOR FROM IOWA.>

< start="24321.797" dur="5.772">MR. GRASSLEY: I ASK THAT THE>

< start="24323.098" dur="4.972">QUORUM CALL BE SUSPENDED.>

< start="24324.667" dur="4.671">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="24327.669" dur="3.27">OBJECTION.>

< start="24328.17" dur="4.704">MR. GRASSLEY: I KNOW WE HAVE A>

< start="24329.438" dur="6.206">VERY IMPORTANT PIECE OF>

< start="24331.039" dur="7.708">LEGISLATION BEFORE US TO TURN>

< start="24332.974" dur="7.308">THIS ECONOMY AROUND AND HELP OUT>

< start="24335.744" dur="7.007">IN OUR BATTLE AGAINST THE VIRUS.>

< start="24338.847" dur="5.772">WHILE WE'RE WAITING TO VOTE ON>

< start="24340.382" dur="6.039">THAT, I COME TO THE FLOOR FOR A>

< start="24342.851" dur="9.243">COUPLE POINTS THAT I WOULD LIKE>

< start="24344.719" dur="11.112">TO MAKE.>

< start="24346.521" dur="12.313">THE FIRST ONE IS TO HONOR A>

< start="24352.194" dur="8.742">FAMOUS IOWAN.>

< start="24355.931" dur="9.976">THIS MONTH IS CALLED IOWA>

< start="24358.934" dur="11.378">HISTORY MONTH, SO I COME TO THE>

< start="24361.036" dur="12.179">FLOOR TO SPEAK ABOUT ONE OF>

< start="24366.007" dur="8.142">IOWA'S FAVORITE SONS, DR. NORMAN>

< start="24370.412" dur="5.005">BORLOG, WHOSE BIRTHDAY IS TODAY.>

< start="24373.315" dur="2.169">HE'S CONSIDERED THE FARMER OF>

< start="24374.249" dur="7.407">THE GREEN REVOLUTION.>

< start="24375.55" dur="9.143">RAISED ON A FARM NEAR CRESCO,>

< start="24381.756" dur="9.076">IOWA, HE IS CREDITED WITH SAVING>

< start="24383.158" dur="8.842">MORE LIVES THAN ANYONE IN>

< start="24384.793" dur="9.176">HISTORY WITH HIS BREAKTHROUGHS>

< start="24390.932" dur="4.205">IN AGRONOMY.>

< start="24392.1" dur="4.571">IT TOOK HIM SEVERAL YEARS TO>

< start="24394.069" dur="6.039">ACCOMPLISH WHAT A LOT OF>

< start="24395.237" dur="7.44">SCIENTISTS DO NOW IN A>

< start="24396.771" dur="8.209">LABORATORY IN REGARD TO FIGHTING>

< start="24400.208" dur="8.709">DISEASES IN PLANTS, AND HE DID>

< start="24402.777" dur="7.908">THIS IN MEXICO AND INDIA.>

< start="24405.08" dur="8.041">HIS WORK HELPED TO OVERCOME>

< start="24409.017" dur="7.474">MALNUTRITION AND FAMINE ACROSS>

< start="24410.785" dur="9.71">THE WORLD, SAVING OVER ONE>

< start="24413.221" dur="8.542">BILLION LIVES IN THE PROCESS.>

< start="24416.591" dur="8.809">HIS ACHIEVEMENTS WON HIM THE>

< start="24420.595" dur="6.707">NOBEL PEACE PRIZE.>

< start="24421.863" dur="7.775">BUT NOT ONLY THAT FAMOUS PRIZE>

< start="24425.5" dur="6.84">BUT ALSO THE PRESIDENTIAL MEDAL>

< start="24427.402" dur="6.74">OF FREEDOM AND THE CONGRESSIONAL>

< start="24429.738" dur="6.707">GOLD MEDAL.>

< start="24432.44" dur="7.008">I THINK THAT THERE'S ONLY FIVE>

< start="24434.242" dur="6.941">OR SIX PEOPLE THAT FALL INTO THE>

< start="24436.545" dur="5.838">CATEGORY OF WINNING ALL THREE OF>

< start="24439.548" dur="6.74">THOSE PRIZES.>

< start="24441.283" dur="8.108">HIS ACHIEVEMENTS ALSO PROMPTED>

< start="24442.483" dur="14.315">THE STATE OF IOWA TO HONOR HIM>

< start="24446.388" dur="12.012">WITH ONE OF IOWA'S TWO STATUES>

< start="24449.491" dur="12.112">IN THE -- IN THE STATUARY HALL>

< start="24456.898" dur="7.675">YEAR IN THE U.S. CAPITOL.>

< start="24458.5" dur="8.742">ON ANOTHER SUBJECT, SOME PUNDITS>

< start="24461.703" dur="8.609">AND EVEN MEMBERS OF THIS BODY>

< start="24464.673" dur="9.042">HAVE SUGGESTED THAT IT'S>

< start="24467.342" dur="10.644">INAPPROPRIATE TO CRITICIZE THE>

< start="24470.412" dur="11.311">CHINESE COMMUNITY PARTY FOR ITS>

< start="24473.815" dur="10.11">MISHANDLING OF THE CORONAVIRUS>

< start="24478.086" dur="9.243">THAT ORIGINATED IN WUHAN, CHINA,>

< start="24481.823" dur="8.809">BECAUSE IT DISTRACTS FROM>

< start="24484.025" dur="8.375">BASHING THE PRESIDENT.>

< start="24487.429" dur="8.975">WE WENT FROM MAINSTREAM MEDIA>

< start="24490.732" dur="9.042">OUTLETS ROUTINELY REFERRING TO>

< start="24492.5" dur="7.641">THE VIRUS BY ITS ORIGIN TO THIS>

< start="24496.504" dur="7.575">BEING TOTALLY POLITICALLY>

< start="24499.874" dur="7.842">INCORRECT.>

< start="24500.241" dur="8.976">THERE'S AN EXCELLENT TIMETABLE>

< start="24504.179" dur="7.774">PUBLISHED BY AXIOS THAT LAYS OUT>

< start="24507.816" dur="6.373">THE CHINESE COVER-UP THAT>

< start="24509.317" dur="9.176">PREVENTED EARLY ACTION TO>

< start="24512.053" dur="12.012">CONTAIN THE VIRUS.>

< start="24514.289" dur="11.645">THE CHINESE PRO-DEMOCRACY>

< start="24518.593" dur="9.51">ACTIVIST, MR. WEI YOU WARNED>

< start="24524.165" dur="5.106">THAT GENERAL SECRETARY XI IS>

< start="24526.034" dur="5.739">ORDERING PEOPLE BACK TO WORK>

< start="24528.203" dur="5.505">PREMATURELY, RISKING ANOTHER>

< start="24529.371" dur="6.806">MASSIVE OUTBREAK OF WHAT HE>

< start="24531.873" dur="6.407">CALLS WUHAN PNEUMONIA.>

< start="24533.808" dur="6.941">TELLING THE TRUTH ABOUT THE>

< start="24536.277" dur="6.607">CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY'S>

< start="24538.38" dur="6.806">MISDEEDS DOES NOT PRECLUDE>

< start="24540.849" dur="7.04">TALKING ABOUT HOW WE CAN IMPROVE>

< start="24542.984" dur="6.54">OUR OWN RESPONSE.>

< start="24545.286" dur="9.01">WE CAN LEARN FROM FREE COUNTRIES>

< start="24547.989" dur="8.375">LIKE SOUTH KOREA, WHICH HAS BEEN>

< start="24549.624" dur="9.944">ABLE TO CONTAIN A WIDESPREAD>

< start="24554.396" dur="8.341">OUTBREAK, AND TAIWAN AND JAPAN,>

< start="24556.464" dur="9.71">WHO APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN ABLE TO>

< start="24559.668" dur="9.542">PREVENT WIDESPREAD OUTBREAKS.>

< start="24562.837" dur="7.374">SO THIS IS NOT THE TIME FOR>

< start="24566.274" dur="6.34">POLITICAL CORRECTNESS OR>

< start="24569.31" dur="8.476">POLITICAL POINT-SCORING TO GET>

< start="24570.311" dur="9.61">IN THE WAY OF TELLING THE TRUTH>

< start="24572.714" dur="9.009">OR WORKING TOGETHER IN A>

< start="24577.886" dur="4.504">CLEAR-EYED WAY TO ADDRESS THE>

< start="24580.021" dur="4.471">CHALLENGES AT HAND.>

< start="24581.823" dur="3.269">I YIELD THE FLOOR AND SUGGEST>

< start="24582.49" dur="6.607">THE ABSENCE OF A QUORUM.>

< start="24584.592" dur="4.505">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="24585.193" dur="3.904">CLERK WILL CALL THE ROLL.>

< start="24591.399" dur="1.969">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="25057.431" dur="2.637">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="25977.884" dur="1.936">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="26941.38" dur="3.871">QUORUM CALL:>

< start="27614.486" dur="4.304">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="27615.387" dur="4.338">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="27615.987" dur="4.705">SENATOR FROM DELL WARE.>

< start="27618.89" dur="2.703">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT, ARE WE>

< start="27619.825" dur="3.17">IN A QUORUM CALL?>

< start="27620.792" dur="4.071">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WE ARE.>

< start="27621.693" dur="3.47">A SENATOR: I ASK THE PROCEEDINGS>

< start="27623.095" dur="4.237">UNDER THE QUORUM CALL BE>

< start="27624.963" dur="2.669">VITIATED.>

< start="27625.263" dur="3.07">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: WITHOUT>

< start="27627.432" dur="2.636">OBJECTION.>

< start="27627.732" dur="5.406">MR. COONS: MR. PRESIDENT, I CAME>

< start="27628.433" dur="5.973">TO THIS BUILDING, THIS CAPITOL>

< start="27630.168" dur="6.874">ABOUT 12 HOURS AGO TODAY AND>

< start="27633.238" dur="5.906">RECORDED FIRST THING THIS>

< start="27634.506" dur="6.94">MORNING A VIDEO TO SHARE ON>

< start="27637.142" dur="5.972">SOCIAL MEDIA WITH FOLKS BACK AT>

< start="27639.244" dur="4.471">HOME WHO ARE BEEN EAGERLY ASKING>

< start="27641.546" dur="4.171">WHAT'S UP, WHAT'S HAPPENING,>

< start="27643.214" dur="5.473">WHAT'S NEXT.>

< start="27643.815" dur="7.107">AND MY MESSAGE WAS SIMPLE.>

< start="27645.817" dur="7.942">AFTER DAYS OF DISAGREEMENT AND>

< start="27648.787" dur="6.64">OF TUESDAYLING, OF FIGHTING -->

< start="27651.022" dur="6.007">OF TUSSLING, OF FIGHTING, OF>

< start="27653.859" dur="5.071">CRAFTING, WE HAVE A DEAL AND I>

< start="27655.527" dur="5.973">AM READY TO VOTE.>

< start="27657.129" dur="6.439">LET'S MOVE FORWARD.>

< start="27659.03" dur="8.409">12 HOURS LATER I STAND IN A>

< start="27661.6" dur="8.108">LARGELY EMPTY CHAMBER WITH AN>

< start="27663.668" dur="7.308">ODD SENSE OF FOREBODING AS I>

< start="27667.539" dur="6.006">HAVE ALL DAY, AS HAVE MANY OF MY>

< start="27669.808" dur="7.074">COLLEAGUES WONDERING WHAT IS>

< start="27671.076" dur="6.54">TAKING SO LONG, WHAT IS THE>

< start="27673.645" dur="6.906">DELAY, WHAT ARE THE REMAINING>

< start="27676.982" dur="6.74">ISSUES.>

< start="27677.716" dur="9.009">AND I AM HOPEFUL, PRAYERFULLY,>

< start="27680.652" dur="8.742">THAT WE WILL RESOLVE WHAT IS>

< start="27683.822" dur="8.275">LEFT, MOVE TO THIS CHAMBER, TAKE>

< start="27686.825" dur="8.575">UP THE TEXT, VOTE IT OUT, SEND>

< start="27689.494" dur="9.143">IT TO THE HOUSE, SEND IT TO THE>

< start="27692.197" dur="8.075">PRESIDENT, AND SEND $2 TRILLION>

< start="27695.5" dur="7.107">IN SUPPORT TO OUR NATION.>

< start="27698.737" dur="5.806">BUT LET ME TELL YOU AS I HAVE>

< start="27700.372" dur="7.274">WAITED TODAY AND YESTERDAY, AS>

< start="27702.707" dur="6.44">I'VE TAKEN PHONE CALLS FROM>

< start="27704.643" dur="8.275">FOLKS FROM DELAWARE, FOR>

< start="27707.746" dur="6.84">WHATEVER REASON THEY ALL SAY>

< start="27709.247" dur="8.008">WHEN WILL THE SENATE ACT.>

< start="27713.018" dur="7.774">AND WE FACED A CHALLENGE OVER>

< start="27714.686" dur="7.074">OUR LAST COUPLE OF DAYS BETWEEN>

< start="27717.355" dur="7.441">MOVING SWIFTLY AND MOVING>

< start="27720.892" dur="5.272">WISELY, TO PUT TOGETHER A>

< start="27721.86" dur="6.24">PACKAGE OF THIS SIZE WITH NO>

< start="27724.896" dur="5.84">HEARINGS, WITH NO COMMITTEE>

< start="27726.264" dur="6.307">PROCEEDINGS, WITH NO DETAILED>

< start="27728.2" dur="6.373">LEGISLATIVE PROCESS MEANS IT IS>

< start="27730.836" dur="4.571">-- MEANS THERE ARE ROUGH EDGES,>

< start="27732.671" dur="4.004">MEANS THERE WILL BE MISTAKES IN>

< start="27734.673" dur="2.235">THIS BILL.>

< start="27735.507" dur="3.737">IS IT PERFECT?>

< start="27736.775" dur="5.839">NO.>

< start="27737.009" dur="8.508">IN FACT, IN SOME PIECES WE WILL>

< start="27739.344" dur="6.24">DISCOVER AS IT UNFOLDS, FAR FROM>

< start="27742.714" dur="4.038">IT.>

< start="27745.65" dur="4.505">BUT ACROSS THE COUNTRY, JUST AS>

< start="27746.852" dur="5.872">IN THIS CHAMBER, THERE IS THAT>

< start="27748.253" dur="6.206">SENSE OF ANXIOUSNESS, OF>

< start="27750.255" dur="6.573">ANXIETY, OF WHEN WILL IT HAPPEN.>

< start="27752.824" dur="5.873">JUST A FEW WEEKS AGO, THE VAST>

< start="27754.559" dur="5.606">MAJORITY OF OUR COUNTRY WAS>

< start="27756.928" dur="5.539">READING ABOUT CORONAVIRUS, ABOUT>

< start="27758.797" dur="4.037">COVID-19, AS SOMETHING HAPPENING>

< start="27760.265" dur="5.138">IN DISTANT COUNTRIES ON FAR>

< start="27762.567" dur="4.705">SHORES.>

< start="27762.934" dur="8.776">THEY READ ABOUT SORT OF CONCERNS>

< start="27765.503" dur="10.444">ABOUT ITS ALARMING AND RAPID>

< start="27767.372" dur="11.178">GROWTH IN ASIA AND THEN EUROPE.>

< start="27771.81" dur="7.107">THINGS STARTED CHANGING AS THE>

< start="27776.047" dur="2.937">STORIES GOT MORE DIRE AND MORE>

< start="27778.65" dur="1.668">GRAVE.>

< start="27779.05" dur="6.674">AS PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS BEGAN>

< start="27780.418" dur="7.608">TO PREDICT A GLOBAL PANDEMIC.>

< start="27783.188" dur="6.239">AS THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION>

< start="27785.824" dur="5.105">ANNOUNCED IT A GLOBAL PANDEMIC,>

< start="27788.126" dur="7.274">AS SCIENTIFIC LEADERS BEGAN TO>

< start="27789.527" dur="7.808">SAY THAT THE UNITED STATES WOULD>

< start="27791.029" dur="8.041">INEVITABLY BE TOUCHED BY IT, AS>

< start="27795.5" dur="6.573">OUR COLLEAGUES FROM THE PACIFIC>

< start="27797.435" dur="7.475">NORTHWEST TOLD US ABOUT HOW>

< start="27799.17" dur="7.942">THEIR COMMUNITIES WERE BEING>

< start="27802.173" dur="6.641">AFFECTED, HAS EXTENDED CONTACTS>

< start="27805.01" dur="5.572">AND FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES ON>

< start="27807.212" dur="5.105">SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE PRESS>

< start="27808.914" dur="3.47">SHARED HOW THEY OR MEMBERS OF>

< start="27810.682" dur="2.035">THEIR COMMUNITY HAD BECOME>

< start="27812.45" dur="6.24">INFECTED.>

< start="27812.817" dur="7.708">AND AS IT BEGAN TO MOVE ACROSS>

< start="27814.886" dur="8.809">OUR COUNTRY, BEGAN TO IMPACT A>

< start="27818.79" dur="6.173">REMARKABLE RANGE OF INSTITUTIONS>

< start="27820.625" dur="6.407">FROM BASEBALL TO BROADWAY.>

< start="27823.795" dur="5.406">THE CLOTURE MOTION OF ALL SORTS>

< start="27825.063" dur="6.507">OF TREASURED AMERICAN>

< start="27827.132" dur="5.839">INSTITUTIONS, EVERY MAJOR SPORTS>

< start="27829.301" dur="5.872">LEAGUE, EVERY MAJOR PUBLIC>

< start="27831.67" dur="5.338">GATHERING, AND AS NOW STATE>

< start="27833.071" dur="5.806">AFTER STATE HAS ISSUED EDICTS,>

< start="27835.273" dur="5.205">AS CITY AND COUNTY ALIKE ALL>

< start="27837.108" dur="4.572">OVER OUR COUNTY HAS -- ALL OVER>

< start="27838.977" dur="5.939">OUR COUNTRY HAVE ASKED PEOPLE TO>

< start="27840.578" dur="7.875">CLOSE THEIR RESTAURANTS AND>

< start="27841.78" dur="8.041">THEIR BARS, THEIR SMALL>

< start="27845.016" dur="7.341">BUSINESSES, AS HOTELS HAVE NO>

< start="27848.553" dur="6.373">OCCUPANTS, AS AIRPLANES FLY WITH>

< start="27849.921" dur="6.607">NO PASSENGERS, IT'S BECOME>

< start="27852.457" dur="6.507">HAUNTING, EERIE, THE SENSE OF AN>

< start="27855.026" dur="5.472">IMMINENT DISASTER.>

< start="27856.628" dur="5.239">JUST BEFORE COMING OVER HERE, I>

< start="27859.064" dur="4.304">READ AN ARTICLE IN "THE NEW>

< start="27860.598" dur="6.907">YORK TIMES" ABOUT HOW IN MY>

< start="27861.967" dur="8.008">REGION IN THE MID-ATLANTIC, IT>

< start="27863.468" dur="7.908">HAS HIT.>

< start="27867.605" dur="6.607">IN THE BOROUGH OF QUEENS, IN THE>

< start="27870.075" dur="6.239">CITY OF NEW YORK, IN A PUBLIC>

< start="27871.476" dur="6.373">HOSPITAL KNOWN AS ELMHURST>

< start="27874.312" dur="7.675">YESTERDAY, 13 PATIENTS DIED.>

< start="27876.414" dur="11.779">AND IN A RIVETING ACCOUNT, THE>

< start="27877.949" dur="11.312">NURSES AND THE DOCTORS DESCRIBED>

< start="27882.087" dur="8.241">A CATASTROPHIC SITUATION.>

< start="27888.293" dur="5.339">PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS,>

< start="27889.361" dur="6.473">STRAINED HEALTH AIDES STRETCHED>

< start="27890.428" dur="7.174">TO THEIR LIMITS, TESTED AS THEY>

< start="27893.732" dur="5.772">HADN'T BEEN BEFORE, STRUGGLING>

< start="27895.934" dur="4.705">TO GET PERSONAL PROTECTIVE>

< start="27897.702" dur="3.671">EQUIPMENT, TO HAVE ENOUGH>

< start="27899.604" dur="3.203">VENTILATORS, TO HAVE ENOUGH>

< start="27900.739" dur="3.904">I.C.U. UNITS.>

< start="27901.473" dur="4.805">AND I WILL TELL YOU, AS OVER THE>

< start="27902.907" dur="6.474">LAST COUPLE OF DAYS, I HAVE>

< start="27904.743" dur="7.174">TALKED WITH THE HEADS OF EACH OF>

< start="27906.378" dur="6.94">OUR MAJOR HOSPITALS, FOLKS WHO>

< start="27909.481" dur="4.104">RUN SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES,>

< start="27912.017" dur="3.103">NONPROFIT COMMUNITY HEALTH>

< start="27913.418" dur="2.769">CENTERS.>

< start="27913.685" dur="4.371">AS I HAVE HEARD FROM NURSES AND>

< start="27915.22" dur="4.805">DOCTORS, I KNOW THE LEVEL OF>

< start="27916.287" dur="6.774">ALARM AND CONCERN HAS STEADILY>

< start="27918.156" dur="6.239">RISEN IN RECENT DAYS.>

< start="27920.125" dur="6.973">SO, FOLKS, TONIGHT AS I STAND>

< start="27923.161" dur="6.44">HERE ON THE FLOOR OF THE SENATE,>

< start="27924.495" dur="6.274">I AM MINDFUL THAT OUR NATION IS>

< start="27927.198" dur="4.972">SUFFERING.>

< start="27929.701" dur="3.503">THAT THERE ARE PEOPLE ALL OVER>

< start="27930.869" dur="4.838">THE WORLD BUT PARTICULARLY HERE>

< start="27932.27" dur="6.073">IN THE UNITED STATES, IN THE>

< start="27933.304" dur="8.075">STATES THAT WE REPRESENT WHO ARE>

< start="27935.807" dur="7.875">ANXIOUS, WHO ARE UNEMPLOYED, WHO>

< start="27938.443" dur="6.974">ARE UNCERTAIN.>

< start="27941.479" dur="4.338">IN SOME CASES NOW TOO MANY WHO>

< start="27943.782" dur="3.336">ARE INFECTED, WHO ARE>

< start="27945.517" dur="3.67">HOSPITALIZED.>

< start="27945.917" dur="5.906">IT HAS COME HOME TO THIS CHAMBER>

< start="27947.218" dur="7.341">AS ONE OF OUR COLLEAGUES HAS>

< start="27949.287" dur="10.077">TESTED PRACTICE AND ONE OF OUR>

< start="27951.923" dur="8.609">DEAR COLLEAGUES' HUSBAND,>

< start="27954.659" dur="7.641">SPOUSE, IS HOSPITALIZED.>

< start="27959.464" dur="4.872">WE KNOW MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE AND>

< start="27960.632" dur="5.772">THE SENATE AND THE STAFF AND OUR>

< start="27962.4" dur="6.507">IMMEDIATE COMMUNITY HAVE BEEN>

< start="27964.436" dur="6.773">TOUCHED BY THIS DREAD DISEASE.>

< start="27966.504" dur="5.506">WE ARE NOW AT A CRITICAL MOMENT>

< start="27969.007" dur="5.439">IN OUR MODERN HISTORY,>

< start="27971.309" dur="4.638">SIMULTANEOUSLY A PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="27972.11" dur="5.138">CRISIS AND AN ECONOMIC CRISIS.>

< start="27974.546" dur="4.571">I'VE HEARD TOO MANY PEOPLE SAY>

< start="27976.047" dur="3.137">IT'S UNPRECEDENTED.>

< start="27977.348" dur="2.87">IT'S NOT UNPRECEDENTED.>

< start="27979.251" dur="4.304">THE UNITED STATES AND OUR NATION>

< start="27980.318" dur="4.972">HAVE MADE IT THROUGH TOUGHER>

< start="27982.72" dur="4.338">TIMES THAN THIS.>

< start="27983.655" dur="5.339">TO SAY THAT THE GREAT DEPRESSION>

< start="27985.39" dur="5.105">IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR, THE>

< start="27987.158" dur="5.306">CIVIL WAR, AND THE REVOLUTION,>

< start="27989.094" dur="5.538">THE HARD WORK OF LABOR>

< start="27990.595" dur="5.873">ORGANIZING AND THE DESPERATE>

< start="27992.564" dur="5.839">WORK OF THROWING OFF THE>

< start="27994.732" dur="5.172">SHACKLES OF SEGREGATION AND OF>

< start="27996.568" dur="5.205">JIM CROW, TO SAY THAT THOSE>

< start="27998.503" dur="4.438">WEREN'T TOUGH AND DIFFICULT>

< start="28000.004" dur="4.805">STRUGGLES MISSES THE>

< start="28001.873" dur="4.805">SIGNIFICANCE OF OUR HISTORY AND>

< start="28003.041" dur="6.974">THE THINGS WE HAVE OVERCOME.>

< start="28004.909" dur="7.274">BUT FOR MOST OF US, FOR MOST OF>

< start="28006.778" dur="8.208">OUR FAMILIES, FOR MOST OF OUR>

< start="28010.115" dur="6.339">COMMUNITIES, THIS WAVE, THIS>

< start="28012.283" dur="5.439">PANDEMIC, THIS VIRUS AND THE>

< start="28015.086" dur="7.441">COMBINED HEALTH AND ECONOMIC>

< start="28016.554" dur="9.743">DISASTER THAT IS UPON US MAY BE>

< start="28017.822" dur="9.743">THE GREATEST TEST WE HAVE FACED.>

< start="28022.627" dur="5.406">SO HOW HAVE WE ANSWERED?>

< start="28026.397" dur="4.372">THOUSANDS OF BUSINESSES ALREADY>

< start="28027.665" dur="3.571">CLOSED.>

< start="28028.133" dur="6.64">MILLIONS OF PEOPLE ALREADY>

< start="28030.869" dur="5.238">UNEMPLOYED.>

< start="28031.336" dur="7.107">AND A NATION FEARFUL OF A>

< start="28034.873" dur="4.271">PANDEMIC SWAMPING THE RESOURCES>

< start="28036.207" dur="5.773">OF OUR HOSPITALS AND OUR HEALTH>

< start="28038.543" dur="5.506">SYSTEM.>

< start="28039.244" dur="6.673">LET ME JUST SPEAK BRIEFLY IN>

< start="28042.08" dur="4.905">BROAD STROKES TO WHAT IS IN THIS>

< start="28044.149" dur="4.704">BILL, WHICH WE HAVE FINALLY>

< start="28046.017" dur="4.905">ULTIMATELY HAMMERED OUT AFTER>

< start="28047.085" dur="6.239">DAYS OF DISAGREEMENT.>

< start="28048.953" dur="6.14">AND IN ADVANCE OF OUR GETTING>

< start="28051.022" dur="5.406">THE FINAL OFFICIAL TEXT.>

< start="28053.424" dur="5.172">IN THE BROADEST STROKES, THE>

< start="28055.193" dur="6.607">HELP THAT WILL BE DELIVERED TO>

< start="28056.528" dur="6.239">THE AMERICAN PEOPLE BY THIS BILL>

< start="28058.696" dur="5.439">STARTS WITH INDIVIDUAL,>

< start="28061.9" dur="2.535">SOMETHING THE PRESIDENT HAS>

< start="28062.867" dur="2.269">CHAMPIONED, THE DEMOCRATS HAVE>

< start="28064.235" dur="2.77">SUPPORTED.>

< start="28064.535" dur="4.205">WE HAVE HAD DIFFERENT>

< start="28065.236" dur="6.64">INVESTIGATORS OF IT, BUT WE HAVE>

< start="28067.105" dur="7.674">ROUGHLY AGREED.>

< start="28068.84" dur="9.843">ON $1,200 TO EVERY ADULT CITIZEN>

< start="28071.976" dur="9.176">MAKING BELOW $75,000, AND IT>

< start="28074.879" dur="8.576">PHASES OUT TO THOSE MAKING BELOW>

< start="28078.783" dur="6.173">$100,000, WITH $500 PER CHILD,>

< start="28081.252" dur="6.54">YOUR AVERAGE FAMILY MIGHT WELL>

< start="28083.555" dur="5.305">SEE $3,000 TO $4,000.>

< start="28085.056" dur="4.838">THESE CHECKS WILL COME OUT IN>

< start="28087.892" dur="4.104">WEEKS, DELIVERED DIRECTLY FOR>

< start="28088.96" dur="4.872">THOSE WITH DIRECT DEPOSIT>

< start="28089.994" dur="6.373">THROUGH THE I.R.S. OR BY CHECK>

< start="28092.096" dur="5.206">TO THOSE HARDER TO FIND WHO>

< start="28093.932" dur="6.306">HAVEN'T FILED RECENTLY BUT ARE>

< start="28096.467" dur="6.374">ELIGIBLE.>

< start="28097.402" dur="7.741">THIS IS A REMARKABLE DIRECT>

< start="28100.338" dur="7.207">SUPPORT TO HELP MILLIONS OF>

< start="28102.941" dur="6.439">AMERICANS HAVE CASH IN THEIR>

< start="28105.243" dur="7.14">FAMILY CHECKBOOK TO GET THROUGH>

< start="28107.645" dur="7.475">THE UNEXPECTED HARDSHIP OF THESE>

< start="28109.48" dur="8.175">NEXT FEW MONTHS.>

< start="28112.516" dur="7.208">THERE'S MORE THAN $100 BILLION>

< start="28115.22" dur="6.506">IN THIS BILL TO SUPPORT OUR>

< start="28117.755" dur="6.774">HEALTH WORKERS ON THE FRONT LINE>

< start="28119.824" dur="5.406">AND THE HOSPITALS THAT MAKE OUR>

< start="28121.826" dur="8.942">PUBLIC HEALTH POSSIBLE.>

< start="28124.629" dur="6.807">POSSIBLE.>

< start="28125.33" dur="8.508">YOU HEARD THAT STORY ABOUT>

< start="28130.868" dur="4.372">ELMHURST HOSPITAL.>

< start="28131.536" dur="4.638">IN MY OWN HOME STATE, THERE ARE>

< start="28133.938" dur="3.871">HOSPITALS LARGE AND SMALL THAT>

< start="28135.34" dur="2.736">WITHOUT THIS SUPPORT WILL>

< start="28136.274" dur="2.87">STRUGGLE TO MAKE IT THROUGH THIS>

< start="28137.909" dur="3.971">PERIOD.>

< start="28138.176" dur="8.942">THE HEROES OF THIS PERIOD ARE>

< start="28139.244" dur="9.576">THE FOLKS WHO ARE WORKING, THE>

< start="28141.98" dur="8.241">FOLKS WHO ARE CLEANING OFFICES,>

< start="28147.218" dur="3.904">TRAINS, HOSPITAL ROOMS, OFTEN>

< start="28148.92" dur="4.171">WITHOUT ENOUGH PROTECTIVE>

< start="28150.321" dur="3.37">EQUIPMENT, OFTEN WITHOUT HEALTH>

< start="28151.222" dur="4.037">CARE THEMSELVES, OFTEN WITHOUT>

< start="28153.191" dur="4.104">ADEQUATE PAY.>

< start="28153.791" dur="5.106">THE FOLKS WHO LABOR AT NIGHT>

< start="28155.359" dur="6.174">HERE IN THIS CAPITOL IN OUR>

< start="28157.395" dur="5.405">OFFICES TO MAKE SURE THEY ARE>

< start="28158.997" dur="7.34">CLEAN AND SAFE FROM THIS VIRUS>

< start="28161.633" dur="5.872">WE CAN'T SEE.>

< start="28162.9" dur="6.34">THE FOLKS WHO WORK IN PUBLIC>

< start="28166.437" dur="3.07">HOSPITALS, WORK LONG HOURS.>

< start="28167.605" dur="3.938">THEY ARE ORDERLIES, THEY ARE>

< start="28169.34" dur="3.671">NURSES.>

< start="28169.607" dur="4.939">THEY ARE THE PARAMEDICS AND>

< start="28171.643" dur="4.538">AMBULANCE DRIVERS WHO DELIVER>

< start="28173.111" dur="3.97">THE SICK, AND THEY ARE THE>

< start="28174.646" dur="3.87">SURGEONS AND THE DOCTORS WHO>

< start="28176.281" dur="3.469">DIRECT THEIR CARE.>

< start="28177.181" dur="4.372">AND ONE OF THE THINGS I AM>

< start="28178.616" dur="6.24">PROUDEST OF THAT IS IN THIS NOW>

< start="28179.85" dur="8.176">THAT WAS NOT IN THIS SEVERAL>

< start="28181.653" dur="8.808">DAYS AGO IS $150 BILLION TO>

< start="28184.956" dur="6.807">STATES AND COUNTIES AND CITIES.>

< start="28188.126" dur="4.805">THE TEN YEARS I SPENT IN COUNTY>

< start="28190.561" dur="4.105">GOVERNMENT, I CAME TO DEEPLY>

< start="28191.863" dur="4.104">RESPECT THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO>

< start="28193.031" dur="5.172">HELP KEEP OUR COUNTY GOVERNMENT>

< start="28194.766" dur="3.504">AFLOAT AND OUR COMMUNITY>

< start="28196.067" dur="4.338">STRONGER, SAFER, AND HEALTHY.>

< start="28198.336" dur="4.972">THIS SUPPORT, THIS DIRECT>

< start="28200.505" dur="4.204">SUPPORT TO THE STATES AND THE>

< start="28202.24" dur="4.071">COUNTIES ON THE FRONT LINES OF>

< start="28203.408" dur="5.472">THIS EPIDEMIC WILL HELP THEM GET>

< start="28204.809" dur="6.34">THROUGH IT.>

< start="28206.411" dur="6.406">THERE'S A $500 BILLION FUND, THE>

< start="28208.98" dur="5.138">SUBJECT OF MUCH DISCUSSION AND>

< start="28211.249" dur="4.738">DEBATE, THAT AS INITIALLY>

< start="28212.917" dur="4.905">WRITTEN AND PROPOSED WOULD HELP>

< start="28214.218" dur="5.573">SUSTAIN SOME OF OUR ICONIC>

< start="28216.087" dur="5.239">INDUSTRIES LIKE THE AIRLINES,>

< start="28217.922" dur="5.572">BUT WITH ALMOST NO TRANSPARENCY,>

< start="28219.891" dur="5.806">IN TERMS OF THE TERMS OF THE>

< start="28221.426" dur="5.405">LOANS OR THE GRANTS THAT WOULD>

< start="28223.594" dur="4.538">BE GIVEN AND ALMOST NO>

< start="28225.797" dur="4.638">RESTRICTIONS ON HOW THE>

< start="28226.931" dur="5.706">COMPANIES TO RECEIVE THEM MIGHT>

< start="28228.232" dur="5.439">USE THEM FOR WHAT PURPOSES.>

< start="28230.535" dur="6.54">BROADLY SPEAKING, AFTER DAYS OF>

< start="28232.737" dur="6.44">FIGHTING, WE HAVE COME TO>

< start="28233.771" dur="6.907">AGREEMENTS THAT I SUPPORT AND>

< start="28237.175" dur="4.871">EMBRACE -- RESTRICTIONS ON>

< start="28239.277" dur="4.037">BUYBACKS AND DIVIDENDS AND>

< start="28240.778" dur="4.271">EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION,>

< start="28242.146" dur="4.872">GUARANTEES AGAINST LAYOFFS AND>

< start="28243.414" dur="6.373">AGAINST THE DESTRUCTION OF>

< start="28245.149" dur="5.706">COLLECTIVE BARGAINING>

< start="28247.118" dur="5.672">AGREEMENTS, AND BROADLY SPEAKING>

< start="28249.887" dur="4.872">TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.>

< start="28250.955" dur="7.408">ONE OF THE THINGS I AM MOST>

< start="28252.89" dur="9.009">PROUD OF IS THAT THERE WILL BE>

< start="28254.859" dur="8.375">NOW AN ACCOUNTABILITY BOARD, A>

< start="28258.463" dur="5.672">PANDEMIC RESPONSE ACCOUNTABILITY>

< start="28261.999" dur="3.471">COMMITTEE, BOTH A SPECIAL>

< start="28263.334" dur="3.837">INSPECTOR GENERAL AND>

< start="28264.235" dur="3.67">$80 MILLION IN THIS BILL FOR THE>

< start="28265.57" dur="4.638">OPERATION OF THAT ACCOUNTABILITY>

< start="28267.271" dur="4.138">COMMITTEE.>

< start="28268.005" dur="4.939">LET ME MOVE SINCE I SEE I HAVE A>

< start="28270.308" dur="5.472">NUMBER OF COLLEAGUES WHO JOINED>

< start="28271.509" dur="6.373">ME ON THE FLOOR TO JUST A FEW>

< start="28273.044" dur="8.275">OTHER POINTS, IF I COULD.>

< start="28275.88" dur="7.608">THERE IS $350 BILLION IN THIS>

< start="28277.982" dur="7.007">BILL FOR THE SMALL BUSINESS>

< start="28281.419" dur="6.974">ADMINISTRATION TO DISBURSE TO>

< start="28283.588" dur="6.206">SMALL BUSINESSES AND TO>

< start="28285.089" dur="6.574">NONPROFITS ALL OVER OUR COUNTRY,>

< start="28288.493" dur="5.505">WITH AN INCENTIVE STRUCTURE TO>

< start="28289.894" dur="5.239">CHANGE IT FROM A LOAN TO A GRANT>

< start="28291.763" dur="5.338">TO THOSE WHO WOULD RETAIN OR>

< start="28294.098" dur="4.905">REHIRE THEIR WORKFORCE.>

< start="28295.233" dur="5.639">AS I HAVE HEARD FROM RESTAURANT>

< start="28297.201" dur="4.839">OWNERS, FROM HOTEL OWNERS, FROM>

< start="28299.103" dur="3.771">THOSE WHO WORK IN BARS AND>

< start="28300.972" dur="3.437">RESTAURANTS AND HOTELS IN MY>

< start="28302.14" dur="4.471">COMMUNITY, THOSE ARE THE FOLKS>

< start="28302.974" dur="4.737">WHO HAVE BEEN HIT THE FIRST AND>

< start="28304.509" dur="4.404">THE HARDEST BY THE CLOSURES.>

< start="28306.711" dur="3.804">THIS PROVISION WILL ALLOW THOSE>

< start="28307.811" dur="4.272">SMALL BUSINESSES TO REOPEN>

< start="28309.013" dur="3.57">QUICKLY AND ROBUSTLY WHEN WE GET>

< start="28310.615" dur="4.638">ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THIS>

< start="28312.183" dur="5.339">PANDEMIC.>

< start="28312.716" dur="6.174">AND I LOOK FORWARD TO WORKING>

< start="28315.353" dur="4.871">WITH MY COLLEAGUES, WITH THE>

< start="28317.622" dur="4.004">S.B.A. ADMINISTRATOR, WITH THE>

< start="28318.99" dur="4.037">S.B.A. LENDERS IN MY STATE AND>

< start="28320.324" dur="3.404">AROUND THE COUNTRY TO MAKE SURE>

< start="28321.726" dur="4.871">IT'S DONE WELL AND THAT IT'S>

< start="28323.127" dur="8.175">DONE QUICKLY.>

< start="28323.828" dur="9.343">I WROTE THE BILL THAT ADDED>

< start="28326.697" dur="7.875">$17 BILLION MORE SO THAT 320,000>

< start="28331.402" dur="6.04">CURRENT SMALL BUSINESSES WHO ARE>

< start="28333.271" dur="5.806">CURRENT S.B.A. LOAN HOLDERS GET>

< start="28334.672" dur="6.373">SIX MONTHS OF RELIEF, MOVES THEM>

< start="28337.542" dur="5.672">OFF THE AGENDA OF THE S.B.A.>

< start="28339.177" dur="6.373">STAFF AND THE S.B.A. LENDERS TO>

< start="28341.145" dur="5.706">CLEAR THE DECKS FOR THEM TO>

< start="28343.314" dur="5.939">ADMINISTER THIS $350 BILLION,>

< start="28345.65" dur="5.872">AND I SUPPORTED SENATOR CARDIN>

< start="28346.951" dur="5.939">AND HIS INITIATIVE TO ADD>

< start="28349.353" dur="4.839">$10 BILLION FOR SMALL RAPID>

< start="28351.622" dur="3.003">GRANTS TO THE MOST SEVERELY>

< start="28352.99" dur="5.406">IMPACTED BUSINESSES AND>

< start="28354.292" dur="5.972">NONPROFITS.>

< start="28354.725" dur="6.841">THIS SECTION OF THE OVERALL BILL>

< start="28358.496" dur="5.372">WHERE SENATORS RUBIO, COLLINS,>

< start="28360.364" dur="5.406">CARDIN, AND SHAHEEN NEGOTIATED>

< start="28361.666" dur="5.705">MOST OF IT STRUCK ME AS THE MOST>

< start="28363.968" dur="5.739">BIPARTISAN AND MOST PRODUCTIVE.>

< start="28365.87" dur="5.005">THERE IS SO MUCH MORE IN THIS>

< start="28367.471" dur="5.172">BILL I COULD SPEAK TO.>

< start="28369.807" dur="4.671">THE WAYS IN WHICH THE RESOURCES>

< start="28370.975" dur="6.173">OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE ARE GOING>

< start="28372.743" dur="5.906">TO BE DEPLOYED TO HELP MEDIUM>

< start="28374.578" dur="4.838">SMALL BUSINESSES AND SMALL>

< start="28377.248" dur="2.235">BUSINESSES -- MEDIUM BUSINESSES>

< start="28378.749" dur="2.036">AND SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="28379.55" dur="4.805">THE WAY IN WHICH THE PRIVATE>

< start="28380.885" dur="5.205">SECTOR IN MY HOME STATE HAS>

< start="28382.72" dur="5.239">STEPPED UP TO PARTNER AND>

< start="28384.455" dur="5.673">DELIVER CRITICALLY NEEDED>

< start="28386.19" dur="5.239">RESOURCES, WHETHER IT IS TO>

< start="28388.059" dur="4.738">REFURBISH VENTILATORS OR>

< start="28390.228" dur="3.537">DONATING SURPLUS P.P.E. FROM THE>

< start="28391.529" dur="3.404">PRIVATE SECTOR THAT THEY DON'T>

< start="28392.897" dur="3.203">NEED TODAY OR THE UNIVERSITY>

< start="28393.865" dur="3.236">THAT HAS CLOSED ITS RESEARCH>

< start="28395.033" dur="5.038">LABS BUT MAKES ITS RESOURCES>

< start="28396.2" dur="5.506">AVAILABLE TO OUR HOSPITAL.>

< start="28397.201" dur="6.04">THERE ARE SOME REMARKABLE>

< start="28400.171" dur="3.537">EFFORTS AT PARTNERSHIP GOING ON>

< start="28401.806" dur="3.737">IN MY COMMUNITY AND AROUND THE>

< start="28403.341" dur="5.439">COUNTRY.>

< start="28403.808" dur="6.34">BUT AT THE END OF THE DAY, WE>

< start="28405.643" dur="4.738">HAVE A CRITICAL QUESTION.>

< start="28408.88" dur="3.603">IS THIS BILL PERFECT?>

< start="28410.248" dur="3.77">NO.>

< start="28410.482" dur="4.604">COULD WE I AM PROVE IT -->

< start="28412.583" dur="3.47">IMPROVE IT BY MORE TIME HERE>

< start="28414.118" dur="3.003">ARGUING WITH EACH OTHER,>

< start="28415.186" dur="2.168">OFFERING MORE AMENDMENTS,>

< start="28416.153" dur="2.27">DEBATING FURTHER?>

< start="28417.221" dur="2.603">YES.>

< start="28417.455" dur="4.338">IS THERE SOMETHING I BADLY>

< start="28418.523" dur="3.837">WANTED THAT DID NOT GET IN THIS>

< start="28419.924" dur="4.972">FINAL BILL?>

< start="28421.893" dur="5.372">ABSOLUTELY.>

< start="28422.46" dur="5.805">WE HAVE HAD NINE MAJOR STATES>

< start="28424.996" dur="5.071">DELAY THEIR ELECTIONS, DELAY>

< start="28427.365" dur="5.405">THEIR PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES>

< start="28428.365" dur="5.573">BECAUSE OF THIS PANDEMIC, AND I>

< start="28430.167" dur="6.073">URGE THAT A BILL WRITTEN BY MY>

< start="28432.87" dur="4.805">COLLEAGUE, SENATOR KLOBUCHAR AND>

< start="28434.038" dur="5.606">SENATOR WYDEN THAT I JOIN BE>

< start="28436.34" dur="4.905">ADDED IN TEXT TO REQUIRE EVERY>

< start="28437.775" dur="6.006">STATE TO HAVE A PLAN TO VOTE BY>

< start="28439.744" dur="6.773">MAIL DURING THIS PANDEMIC.>

< start="28441.345" dur="6.941">IF OUR TROOPS COULD VOTE FROM>

< start="28443.881" dur="6.04">THE FRONT LINES IN THE CIVIL WAR>

< start="28446.617" dur="4.805">AND SECOND WORLD WAR, BY GOSH,>

< start="28448.386" dur="6.84">WE SHOULD HAVE A PLAN TO VOTE>

< start="28450.021" dur="6.406">EVEN IF THIS PANDEMIC CONTINUES.>

< start="28451.522" dur="6.373">I WAS DISAPPOINTED THAT TEXT IS>

< start="28455.326" dur="3.637">ULTIMATELY NOT GOING TO BE IN>

< start="28456.527" dur="4.271">THIS BILL.>

< start="28457.995" dur="4.572">$400 MILLION WILL BE IN TO HELP>

< start="28459.063" dur="5.239">THOSE STATES THAT WANT TO VOTE>

< start="28460.898" dur="4.105">BY MAIL, TO EXPAND AND>

< start="28462.667" dur="4.638">STRENGTHEN VOTE BY MAIL, AND I>

< start="28464.402" dur="4.638">WILL BE BACK.>

< start="28465.103" dur="5.605">I WILL BE BACK TO INSIST ON THIS>

< start="28467.405" dur="5.338">PROVISION IN THE NEXT BILL.>

< start="28469.14" dur="5.706">BUT AS I HAVE SAID TO MANY>

< start="28470.808" dur="5.038">COLLEAGUES IN THE LAST FEW DAYS,>

< start="28472.843" dur="5.106">WE CANNOT ALL GET EVERYTHING WE>

< start="28474.946" dur="6.473">HOPED FOR AND WANT AND BELIEVE>

< start="28475.946" dur="6.974">TO BE IMPORTANT IN THIS BILL.>

< start="28478.049" dur="5.772">WE MUST PUT DOWN THE TOOLS OF>

< start="28481.519" dur="2.636">PARTISANSHIP AND PERSONAL>

< start="28483.02" dur="3.237">INTEREST AND CONSCIONABLE>

< start="28483.921" dur="3.871">CONCERNS.>

< start="28484.255" dur="5.606">WE MUST PUT DOWN SOME OF THE>

< start="28486.357" dur="5.339">THINGS WE MOST HOPED FOR.>

< start="28487.892" dur="4.071">WE MUST PUT DOWN THE TOOLS WITH>

< start="28489.961" dur="4.271">WHICH WE SO OFTEN FIGHT EACH>

< start="28491.796" dur="4.404">OTHER.>

< start="28492.063" dur="6.807">AND WE MUST COME TOGETHER AND>

< start="28494.332" dur="7.107">TAKE UP THE IMPLEMENTS OF>

< start="28496.3" dur="9.476">NATIONAL PURPOSE, OF COMPROMISE,>

< start="28498.97" dur="9.442">OF CONSENSUS, AND DELIVER THESE>

< start="28501.539" dur="8.375">RESOURCES TO A NATION ANXIOUS,>

< start="28505.876" dur="5.473">CONCERNED, AND AT TIMES EVEN>

< start="28508.512" dur="4.405">ANGRY.>

< start="28510.014" dur="3.17"> AT ALL OF US IN THE SENATE FOR>

< start="28511.449" dur="3.503">WHAT THEY SEE AS TOO LONG A>

< start="28513.017" dur="3.904">DELAY.>

< start="28513.284" dur="7.507">SO WITH THAT, LET ME JUST SAY TO>

< start="28515.052" dur="7.775">MY COLLEAGUES, IT IS TIME FOR US>

< start="28517.021" dur="7.341">TO TAKE UP THIS BILL, ROUGH HEWN>

< start="28520.891" dur="4.304">AS IT IS, PASS IT THROUGH THIS>

< start="28522.927" dur="3.804">CHAMBER, SEND IT TO THE HOUSE.>

< start="28524.462" dur="4.671">I HAVE URGED MY COLLEAGUES IN>

< start="28525.296" dur="5.239">THE HOUSE TO PASS IT PROMPTLY,>

< start="28526.831" dur="5.839">SEND IT TO THE PRESIDENT'S DESK>

< start="28529.233" dur="6.206">FOR SIGNATURE AND THEN LET US>

< start="28530.635" dur="7.908">ALL GET TO THE HARD WORK OF>

< start="28532.77" dur="8.275">MAKING SURE WE DO THE BEST WE>

< start="28535.539" dur="9.31">CAN FOR THE PEOPLE WE REPRESENT>

< start="28538.643" dur="7.173">WITH THIS HISTORIC STIMULUS>

< start="28541.145" dur="7.341">PACKAGE, THIS REMARKABLE>

< start="28544.949" dur="5.472">CORONAVIRUS RELIEF PACKAGE THAT>

< start="28545.916" dur="5.673">IS GOING TO DELIVER $2 TRILLION>

< start="28548.586" dur="3.27">OF ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT TO>

< start="28550.521" dur="2.836">COMMUNITIES ALL OVER OUR>

< start="28551.689" dur="24.658">COUNTRY.>

< start="28551.956" dur="27.294">THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="28553.457" dur="26.46">WITH THAT, I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="28576.447" dur="10.043">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="28579.35" dur="8.909">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="28580.017" dur="9.51">SENATOR FROM NEVADA.>

< start="28586.59" dur="5.172">MS. ROSEN: I RISE TO LET ALL>

< start="28588.359" dur="4.071">NEVADANS KNOW THE RESPONSES TO>

< start="28589.627" dur="3.971">THE PANDEMIC WE ARE FACING RIGHT>

< start="28591.862" dur="2.67">NOW.>

< start="28592.53" dur="3.97">THE CORONAVIRUS PRESENTS A>

< start="28593.698" dur="3.837">GLOBAL CHALLENGE TO THE HEALTH>

< start="28594.632" dur="4.304">AND ECONOMIC SECURITY OF NEVADA>

< start="28596.6" dur="4.038">AND THE UNITED STATES.>

< start="28597.635" dur="5.238">MY STATUTES TODAY ARE WITH THOSE>

< start="28599.036" dur="6.807">IN NEVADA WHO ARE ILL OR>

< start="28600.738" dur="6.24">SUFFERING WITH THE VIRUS AND>

< start="28602.973" dur="7.441">WITH THE FAMILIES OF THE SIX>

< start="28605.943" dur="6.44">NEVADANS WHO HAVE DIED BECAUSE>

< start="28607.078" dur="6.506">OF THIS DISEASE.>

< start="28610.514" dur="4.505">MS. CORTEZ MASTO: I ALSO WANT TO>

< start="28612.483" dur="3.904">THANK THE BRAVE MEN AND WOMEN ON>

< start="28613.684" dur="4.004">THE FRONT LINES OF THIS CRISIS,>

< start="28615.119" dur="4.538">THE FIRST RESPONDERS AND HEALTH>

< start="28616.487" dur="4.338">CARE WORKERS WHO ARE BATTLING TO>

< start="28617.788" dur="5.306">SAVE LIVES, PUTTING THEIR OWN>

< start="28619.757" dur="4.872">HEALTH AND THE HEALTH OF THEIR>

< start="28620.925" dur="5.205">FAMILIES AT RISK.>

< start="28623.194" dur="4.337">I KNOW THERE IS A LOT OF FEAR>

< start="28624.729" dur="4.07">AND CONFUSION IN OUR COMMUNITIES>

< start="28626.23" dur="6.34">RIGHT NOW.>

< start="28627.631" dur="6.574">PLEASE KNOW THIS, THOUGH.>

< start="28628.899" dur="6.707">I AM WORKING CLOSELY WITH THE>

< start="28632.67" dur="4.671">GOVERNOR OF NEVADA AND THE>

< start="28634.305" dur="5.806">NEVADA DELEGATION TO ENSURE THAT>

< start="28635.706" dur="6.473">OUR STATE GETS THE RESOURCES IT>

< start="28637.441" dur="6.04">NEEDS TO STEM THE SPREAD OF THE>

< start="28640.211" dur="5.439">CORONAVIRUS, TO TREAT THOSE WHO>

< start="28642.279" dur="6.64">NEED MEDICAL ATTENTION, AND>

< start="28643.581" dur="8.775">ADDRESS THE NEEDS OF STRUGGLING>

< start="28645.75" dur="7.774">FAMILIES AND BUSINESSES.>

< start="28649.019" dur="6.107">I ALSO KNOW THAT WE ARE NEVADA>

< start="28652.456" dur="5.172">STRONG.>

< start="28653.624" dur="5.873">I'VE SEEN OVER AND OVER AGAIN>

< start="28655.226" dur="6.94">THAT WHEN THINGS GET DIFFICULT,>

< start="28657.729" dur="6.539">NEVADANS COME TOGETHER.>

< start="28659.597" dur="6.273">WHEN A GUNMAN ATTACKED THE ROUTE>

< start="28662.266" dur="7.107">91 HARVEST FESTIVAL IN LAS>

< start="28664.368" dur="6.006">VEGAS, I SAW HOW NEVADANS FROM>

< start="28665.97" dur="6.473">ALL OVER THE STATE WORKED>

< start="28669.473" dur="4.805">HEROICALLY TO HELP VICTIMS AND>

< start="28670.474" dur="4.171">SUPPORT FAMILIES.>

< start="28672.543" dur="4.004">AND NEVADANS ARE UNITING NOW,>

< start="28674.378" dur="3.671">TOO.>

< start="28674.745" dur="5.973">I'M PROUD TO SAY THAT ACROSS THE>

< start="28676.647" dur="7.274">SILVER STATE, PEOPLE ARE DOING>

< start="28678.149" dur="7.374">THEIR PART TO REDUCE THE IMPACT>

< start="28680.818" dur="6.006">OF COVID-19.>

< start="28684.021" dur="6.407">OUR GOVERNOR HAS SHOWN>

< start="28685.623" dur="7.107">TREMENDOUS LEADERSHIP IN WORKING>

< start="28686.924" dur="9.143">TO SLOW THE SPREAD OF THE>

< start="28690.528" dur="7.407">CORONAVIRUS.>

< start="28692.83" dur="6.34">AS GOVERNOR SISSELACK HAS>

< start="28696.167" dur="4.704">POINTED OUT, WE NEED EVERYONE TO>

< start="28698.035" dur="4.071">STAY HOME FOR NEVADA.>

< start="28699.27" dur="4.971">OUR NURSES, DOCTORS, AND HEALTH>

< start="28700.971" dur="4.905">OFFICIALS ARE WORKING TIRELESSLY>

< start="28702.206" dur="7.074">TO CARE FOR THE SICK AND TO>

< start="28704.341" dur="7.508">INCREASE OUR CAPACITY TO DEAL>

< start="28705.976" dur="7.241">WITH THE CASES IN THE FUTURE.>

< start="28709.38" dur="3.904">FIRST RESPONDERS, LOCAL HEALTH>

< start="28711.949" dur="2.803">AUTHORITIES, SANITATION WORKERS,>

< start="28713.35" dur="6.173">AND RETAIL WORKERS ARE ON THE>

< start="28714.852" dur="7.841">JOB AROUND THE CLOCK TO MAKE>

< start="28717.154" dur="8.409">SURE THAT ESSENTIAL SERVICES ARE>

< start="28719.623" dur="9.41">AVAILABLE TO NEVADANS.>

< start="28722.793" dur="8.042">AND OUR GAMING, ENTERTAINMENT,>

< start="28725.663" dur="5.972">AND HOSPITALITY LEADERS TOOK>

< start="28729.133" dur="5.572">STEPS TO STOP THE SPREAD OF UP>

< start="28730.935" dur="4.905">FECTION INCLUDING BY CLOSING>

< start="28731.735" dur="6.107">THEIR DOORS.>

< start="28734.805" dur="5.94">AND SO MANY NEVADANS ARE>

< start="28735.94" dur="5.939">CONTBUTING BY WORKING FROM>

< start="28737.942" dur="6.606">HOME WHEN THEY CAN, CARING FOR>

< start="28740.845" dur="5.438">SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN,>

< start="28741.979" dur="7.307">VOLUNTEERING TO HELP MAKE MASKS>

< start="28744.648" dur="5.473">OR BUY GROCERIES FOR ELDERLY>

< start="28746.383" dur="6.574">NEIGHBORS, AND AVOIDING SOCIAL>

< start="28749.386" dur="5.306">INTERACTIONS THAT COULD SPREAD>

< start="28750.221" dur="6.54">THE VIRUS.>

< start="28753.057" dur="5.272">EVERYONE -- EVERY SINGLE>

< start="28754.792" dur="3.804">NEVADAN, EACH AND EVERY AMERICAN>

< start="28756.861" dur="3.436">HAS A ROLE TO PLAY IN THIS>

< start="28758.429" dur="4.071">CRISIS.>

< start="28758.696" dur="7.074">WE NEED EVERYONE TO DO THEIR>

< start="28760.397" dur="7.007">PART BY FOLLOWING THE ADVICE OF>

< start="28762.6" dur="6.74">THE EXPERTS AND TAKING>

< start="28765.87" dur="6.039">PRACTICAL, COMMONSENSE STEPS>

< start="28767.504" dur="5.74">LIKE WASHING HANDS AND>

< start="28769.44" dur="5.138">PRACTICING SOCIAL DISTANCING.>

< start="28772.009" dur="2.836">AND MY COLLEAGUES AND I IN>

< start="28773.344" dur="4.104">CONGRESS HAVE DONE OUR PART AS>

< start="28774.678" dur="4.405">WELL.>

< start="28774.945" dur="7.341">THE SENATE HAS COME TOGETHER IN>

< start="28777.548" dur="6.106">A REMARKABLE AND BIPARTISAN>

< start="28779.183" dur="5.872">FASHION TO ACT ON THREE BILLS TO>

< start="28782.386" dur="4.505">ADDRESS KEY HEALTH CARE>

< start="28783.754" dur="4.671">PRIORITIES AND TO PROTECT>

< start="28785.155" dur="4.605">WORKERS AND INDUSTRY FROM THE>

< start="28786.991" dur="6.106">ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE PUBLIC>

< start="28788.525" dur="6.874">HEALTH CRISIS.>

< start="28789.86" dur="7.174">EARLIER IN MARCH, WE SET ASIDE>

< start="28793.197" dur="7.207">$8.3 BILLION TO SUPPORT>

< start="28795.499" dur="5.806">HOSPITALS, COMMUNITY HEALTH>

< start="28797.134" dur="5.305">CENTERS, PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICES,>

< start="28800.504" dur="3.27">MEDICAL SUPPLIERS, AND REFERENCE>

< start="28801.405" dur="3.17">ACROSS THE COUNTRY.>

< start="28802.539" dur="6.874">AND THEN -- AND RESEARCHERS>

< start="28803.874" dur="7.107">ACROSS THE COUNTRY.>

< start="28804.675" dur="7.875">AND THEN NEXT, WE PASSED THE>

< start="28809.513" dur="5.039">BIPARTISAN CORONAVIRUS RESPONSE>

< start="28811.081" dur="5.206">ACT TO PROVIDE FREE CORONAVIRUS>

< start="28812.65" dur="5.572">TESTING, TO EXPAND FOOD>

< start="28814.652" dur="3.837">ASSISTANCE, AND MANDATE PAID>

< start="28816.387" dur="4.738">SICK AND FAMILY LEAVE FOR>

< start="28818.322" dur="4.538">WORKERS.>

< start="28818.589" dur="5.339">AND I AM PROUD TO HAVE FOUGHT>

< start="28821.225" dur="3.637">ALONGSIDE MY COLLEAGUES IN>

< start="28822.96" dur="5.005">NEVADA'S CONGRESSIONAL>

< start="28824.028" dur="5.772">DELEGATION, INCLUDING MY FRIEND>

< start="28824.962" dur="5.672">AND COLLEAGUE, SENATOR JACKY>

< start="28828.065" dur="4.471">ROSEN, TO PASS TODAY'S THIRD>

< start="28829.9" dur="4.872">RELIEF BILL.>

< start="28830.734" dur="6.64">WE MUST PASS THIS TODAY.>

< start="28832.636" dur="6.941">IT IS QUITE SIMPLY THE GREATEST>

< start="28834.872" dur="6.84">SINGLE INVESTMENT IN OUR ECONOMY>

< start="28837.474" dur="6.407">IN HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN MODERN>

< start="28839.677" dur="6.472">AMERICAN HISTORY.>

< start="28841.812" dur="6.773">AND WE NEED IT.>

< start="28843.981" dur="5.606">IN 2007, OUR STATE WAS HIT HARD>

< start="28846.249" dur="5.873">BY THE RECESSION.>

< start="28848.686" dur="6.606">THROUGH TREMENDOUS EFFORT, WE>

< start="28849.687" dur="7.807">CAME THROUGH IT, BUT OUR>

< start="28852.222" dur="6.44">ECONOMIC RECOVERY WAS SLOW.>

< start="28855.392" dur="5.439">THIS TIME WE WANT TO MAKE SURE>

< start="28857.594" dur="5.072">OUR ECONOMY SPRINGS BACK QUICKLY>

< start="28858.762" dur="6.774">AFTER THIS CRISIS HAS PASSED AND>

< start="28860.931" dur="7.207">THAT WORKERS HAVE GOOD JOBS TO>

< start="28862.766" dur="7.208">RETURN TO WHEN IT DOES.>

< start="28865.636" dur="6.84">THAT'S WHY WE NEED TO PASS THESE>

< start="28868.238" dur="6.073">FAR-REACHING MEASURES TO PROVIDE>

< start="28870.074" dur="6.072">IMMEDIATE RELIEF TO INDIVIDUALS,>

< start="28872.576" dur="6.974">FAMILIES, AND BUSINESSES>

< start="28874.411" dur="7.408">SUFFERING FROM THE ECONOMIC>

< start="28876.246" dur="7.308">IMPACTS OF THIS PANDEMIC.>

< start="28879.65" dur="7.874">NEVADA HAS AN ECONOMY THAT'S>

< start="28881.919" dur="6.907">UNIQUE IN THE NATION.>

< start="28883.654" dur="9.443">OUR HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY>

< start="28887.624" dur="8.509">GENERATES NEARLY $68 BILLION>

< start="28888.926" dur="8.809">ANNUALLY AND SUPPORTS MORE THAN>

< start="28893.197" dur="6.94">450,000 JOBS ACROSS THE STATE.>

< start="28896.233" dur="5.305">SO I HAVE BEEN FOCUSED ON>

< start="28897.835" dur="4.003">STANDING UP FOR OUR GAMING,>

< start="28900.237" dur="3.937">TOURISM, AND HOSPITALITY>

< start="28901.638" dur="5.172">WORKERS.>

< start="28901.938" dur="8.176">I ALSO WANTED TO MAKE SURE THAT>

< start="28904.274" dur="7.074">WHEN WE OFFERED RELIEF TO BIG>

< start="28906.91" dur="6.207">COMPANIES, THERE WAS OVERSIGHT,>

< start="28910.214" dur="5.572">TRANSPARENCY, ACCOUNTABILITY,>

< start="28911.448" dur="6.407">AND WORKER PROTECTIONS IN PLACE.>

< start="28913.217" dur="6.94">THIS BILL DOES THAT.>

< start="28915.886" dur="6.573">I AM GRATEFUL TO THE MANY SMALL>

< start="28917.955" dur="7.007">BUSINESSES IN MY STATE WHO HAVE>

< start="28920.257" dur="6.807">TAKEN THE HARD BUT NECESSARY>

< start="28922.559" dur="5.306">ACTION AND CLOSED THEIR DOORS OR>

< start="28925.062" dur="6.173">REDUCED THEIR SERVICES AT THIS>

< start="28927.164" dur="5.873">CRITICAL TIME.>

< start="28927.965" dur="7.474">THIS BILL SUPPORTS THEM AS WELL.>

< start="28931.335" dur="5.305"> BY PROVIDING FORGIVABLE LOANS>

< start="28933.137" dur="5.572">AND GRANTS SO THAT THEY CAN OPEN>

< start="28935.539" dur="5.739">THE DOORS AGAIN AS SOON AS IT IS>

< start="28936.74" dur="6.373">SAFE FOR THEM TO DO SO.>

< start="28938.809" dur="7.441">MOST OF ALL, I WANTED TO MAKE>

< start="28941.378" dur="6.307">SURE WE SUPPORTED NEVADA'S>

< start="28943.213" dur="4.939">WORKERS AND THEIR FAMILIES, THE>

< start="28946.35" dur="2.936">HARDWORKING PEOPLE OUR>

< start="28947.785" dur="2.936">INDUSTRIES EMPLOY.>

< start="28948.252" dur="4.337">THAT'S WHY I WORKED WITH MY>

< start="28949.386" dur="4.438">SENATE COLLEAGUES TO ENSURE THAT>

< start="28950.821" dur="5.339">KEY PROTECTIONS FOR NEVADANS AND>

< start="28952.689" dur="6.307">ALL AMERICANS WERE INCLUDED IN>

< start="28953.924" dur="7.941">THIS RELIEF PACKAGE.>

< start="28956.26" dur="7.808">WE FOUGHT TO EXPAND UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="28959.096" dur="5.873">ASSISTANCE SO THAT IT INCLUDES>

< start="28961.965" dur="5.106">PART-TIME, SELF-EMPLOYED, AND>

< start="28964.168" dur="5.138">SEASONAL AND GIG ECONOMY WORKERS>

< start="28965.069" dur="6.106">THAT MAKE UP A KEY PART OF OUR>

< start="28967.171" dur="6.473">LABOR FORCE IN THE SILVER STATE.>

< start="28969.406" dur="5.672">WHETHER YOU'RE A DISHWASHER AT A>

< start="28971.275" dur="5.205">HOTEL ON THE STRIP OR YOU'RE A>

< start="28973.744" dur="5.973">HAIR STYLIST IN CARSON CITY,>

< start="28975.178" dur="4.939">YOU'LL BE ELIGIBLE FOR UP TO>

< start="28976.58" dur="5.539">FOUR MONTHS OF UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="28979.817" dur="5.972">BENEFITS.>

< start="28980.217" dur="8.275">AND, YES, WE'VE LOCKED DOWN>

< start="28982.219" dur="7.574">DIRECT PAYMENTS OF $1,200 FOR>

< start="28985.889" dur="7.074">EACH ADULT AND $500 FOR EACH>

< start="28988.592" dur="5.739">CHILD, UP TO A CERTAIN INCOME>

< start="28989.893" dur="5.873">LEVEL, SO OUR HARDWORKING>

< start="28993.063" dur="3.871">FAMILIES WOULD HAVE MONEY IN>

< start="28994.431" dur="5.005">THEIR POCKETS TO RECOVER FROM>

< start="28995.866" dur="5.038">THIS PANDEMIC.>

< start="28997.034" dur="5.072">AND WE SUCCESSFULLY PUSHED TO>

< start="28999.536" dur="4.638">SHORE UP OUR HOSPITALS AND>

< start="29001.004" dur="4.271">HEALTH CARE INFRASTRUCTURE TO>

< start="29002.206" dur="5.138">GET THEM MORE MONEY FOR>

< start="29004.274" dur="5.139">PROTECTIVE GEAR, SUPPLIES, AND>

< start="29005.375" dur="4.605">TESTS SO THAT THEY CAN PROVIDE>

< start="29007.444" dur="4.805">PATIENTS THE BEST POSSIBLE CARE>

< start="29009.513" dur="6.907">WHILE AT THE SAME TIME>

< start="29010.08" dur="7.841">PROTECTING THEMSELVES.>

< start="29012.349" dur="6.273">SO WE MADE SURE THAT WE ALSO>

< start="29016.52" dur="5.772">INCLUDED OUR LOCAL, STATE, AND>

< start="29018.021" dur="7.241">TRIBAL COMMUNITIES.>

< start="29018.722" dur="7.874">WE SET ASIDE $150 BILLION FOR>

< start="29022.392" dur="4.972">OUR GOVERNMENTS, WHO ARE BEARING>

< start="29025.362" dur="3.103">THE BRUNT FOR THE COST FOR LOCAL>

< start="29026.696" dur="3.104">HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS.>

< start="29027.464" dur="6.473">THAT'S WHY I SUPPORT THIS>

< start="29028.565" dur="7.741">LEGISLATION, AND THAT'S WHY WE>

< start="29029.9" dur="8.775">HAVE TO PASS THIS TONIGHT.>

< start="29034.037" dur="7.441">AND I WOULD BE AMISS IF I DID>

< start="29036.406" dur="8.509">NOT SAY THANK YOU TO THE>

< start="29038.775" dur="7.642">INCREDIBLE STAFF THAT WORKED SO>

< start="29041.578" dur="8.476">HARD OVER THIS PAST FEW DAYS>

< start="29045.015" dur="6.54">24/7 TO PUT THIS RELIEF PACKAGE>

< start="29046.517" dur="7.173">TOGETHER IN A BIPARTISAN WAY,>

< start="29050.154" dur="4.971">FROM LEADER SCHUMER'S STAFF AND>

< start="29051.655" dur="4.905">LEADER SCHUMER, THE NEGOTIATING>

< start="29053.79" dur="4.872">TEAM OF SENATORS WHO I GET TO>

< start="29055.225" dur="5.072">WORK WITH EVERY SINGLE DAY,>

< start="29056.66" dur="5.739">THEIR HARDWORKING STAFF AND MY>

< start="29058.762" dur="5.406">STAFF AS WELL WHO WORKED LATE>

< start="29060.397" dur="4.605">NIGHTS TO MAKE SURE THAT WE WERE>

< start="29062.499" dur="4.571">FIGHTING ON BEHALF OF NEVADANS.>

< start="29064.268" dur="4.304">LISTEN, I KNOW THIS IS A>

< start="29065.102" dur="6.106">DIFFICULT TIME FOR EVERYONE, BUT>

< start="29067.17" dur="4.338">WE ARE GOING TO GET THROUGH>

< start="29068.672" dur="5.239">THIS, JUST AS WE PERSEVERED>

< start="29071.308" dur="4.805">BEFORE.>

< start="29071.608" dur="5.406">AND WE'LL DO IT BY RALLYING TO>

< start="29074.011" dur="5.105">HELP ONE ANOTHER AS NEVADANS>

< start="29076.213" dur="5.239">ALWAYS DO.>

< start="29077.114" dur="6.406">THERE WILL BE MOMENTS OF>

< start="29079.216" dur="5.639">CHALLENGE AHEAD, AND EACH OF US>

< start="29081.552" dur="4.905">HAS A RESPONSIBILITY TO ANSWER>

< start="29083.62" dur="4.972">THESE QUESTIONS.>

< start="29084.955" dur="4.938">LET'S LISTEN TO THE EXPERTS.>

< start="29086.557" dur="4.671">LET'S TAKE CARE OF ONE ANOTHER>

< start="29088.692" dur="4.538">AND LET'S BE KIND AND>

< start="29089.993" dur="6.006">UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT WE ARE ALL>

< start="29091.328" dur="7.975">GOING THROUGH.>

< start="29093.33" dur="7.007">BUT LET'S NOT LOSE SIGHT OF THE>

< start="29096.099" dur="5.272">BEAUTY OF OUR EVERYDAY LIVES,>

< start="29099.403" dur="3.77">THAT FAMILIAR RHYTHM WE'RE ALL>

< start="29100.437" dur="4.838">EAGER TO RESTORE.>

< start="29101.471" dur="5.773">IN NEVADA AND ACROSS THE>

< start="29103.273" dur="4.505">COUNTRY, WE WILL BE BACK AT OUR>

< start="29105.375" dur="4.505">WORKPLACES AGAIN SOLVING OUR>

< start="29107.344" dur="3.403">EVERYDAY PROBLEMS.>

< start="29107.878" dur="4.271">OUR CHILDREN WILL BE BACK AT>

< start="29109.98" dur="2.536">SCHOOL LEARNING FOR THEMSELVES>

< start="29110.848" dur="4.137">HOW TO MAKE THE WORLD A BETTER>

< start="29112.249" dur="5.572">PLACE.>

< start="29112.616" dur="5.506">AND, YES, WE'LL BEGIN THE LONG>

< start="29115.085" dur="4.671">TASK OF GRIEVING THOSE WE'VE>

< start="29117.921" dur="3.671">LOST.>

< start="29118.222" dur="5.405">BUT WE'LL ALSO BE CELEBRATING>

< start="29119.857" dur="5.739">MARRIAGES AGAIN AND MARK BEING>

< start="29121.692" dur="5.071">BIRTHS WITH A NEWFOUND JOY.>

< start="29123.727" dur="4.905">WE WILL GET THROUGH THIS>

< start="29125.696" dur="5.071">TOGETHER, AND I PROMISE EVERYONE>

< start="29126.863" dur="6.807">IN THE SILVER STATE THAT I WILL>

< start="29128.732" dur="6.14">BE FIGHTING IN THE SENATE TO>

< start="29130.867" dur="9.11">MAKE SURE WE REBOUND FROM THIS>

< start="29133.77" dur="7.041">STRONGER THAN BEFORE SO THAT>

< start="29134.972" dur="8.608">NEVADANS CAN GET BACK TO WORK.>

< start="29140.077" dur="3.77">MR. PRESIDENT, I YIELD THE FLOOR>

< start="29140.911" dur="4.338">AND ASK THAT WE PASS THIS BILL>

< start="29143.68" dur="2.67">TONIGHT.>

< start="29143.947" dur="3.737">I KNOW YOU FEEL THE SAME WAY,>

< start="29145.349" dur="2.568">AND I LOOK FORWARD TO WORKING>

< start="29146.45" dur="12.879">WITH MY COLLEAGUES TO GET THAT>

< start="29147.784" dur="12.513">DONE.>

< start="29148.018" dur="12.979">THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>

< start="29159.429" dur="2.236">MR. GRAHAM: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="29160.397" dur="1.935">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="29161.098" dur="2.269">SENATOR FROM SOUTH CAROLINA.>

< start="29161.765" dur="5.606">MR. GRAHAM: THANK YOU VERY>

< start="29162.432" dur="7.341">MUCH.>

< start="29163.467" dur="6.806">I WANT TO COMPLIMENT MY>

< start="29167.471" dur="4.538">COLLEAGUES, SENATOR TIM SCOTT>

< start="29169.873" dur="3.07">AND SENATOR SASSE.>

< start="29170.373" dur="3.771">TODAY WHEN WE WERE GETTING>

< start="29172.109" dur="2.268">BRIEFED ABOUT THE BILL,>

< start="29173.043" dur="2.503">SOMETHING HIT ME LIKE A TON OF>

< start="29174.244" dur="2.703">ABOUT.>

< start="29174.478" dur="3.303">THERE ARE A LOT OF GOOD THINGS>

< start="29175.646" dur="4.237">IN HERE.>

< start="29177.047" dur="3.904">THERE'S MONEY FOR HEALTH CARE>

< start="29177.881" dur="4.071">PROVIDERS, HOSPITALS, NURSES,>

< start="29179.983" dur="3.703">AND DOCTORS.>

< start="29181.051" dur="4.204">THERE'S SO MANY GOOD THINGS.>

< start="29182.052" dur="4.705">THE COUNTRY IS UNDER SIEGE, AND>

< start="29183.787" dur="4.138">I WAS ONE OF THE FIRST>

< start="29185.355" dur="4.305">REPUBLICANS, MR. PRESIDENT, TO>

< start="29186.857" dur="4.471">JOIN MY DEMOCRATIC COLLEAGUES -->

< start="29188.025" dur="4.871">I THINK I TALKED TO SENATOR>

< start="29189.76" dur="5.138">DURBIN -- WE NEED TO DO>

< start="29191.428" dur="4.137">SOMETHING MORE ON UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="29192.996" dur="4.205">INSURANCE BECAUSE THE>

< start="29194.998" dur="3.604">COLLINS-RUBIO CONSTRUCT I THINK>

< start="29195.665" dur="3.237">WILL HELP, BUT SOME PEOPLE ARE>

< start="29197.301" dur="3.036">GOING TO FALL THROUGH THE>

< start="29198.702" dur="3.871">CRACKS.>

< start="29199.002" dur="5.206">NEVER INTO MY WILDEST DREAMS,>

< start="29200.437" dur="4.972">SENATOR DURBIN, DID I BELIEVE>

< start="29202.673" dur="3.77">THAT WHAT WE HAVE DONE IS TO PAY>

< start="29204.308" dur="4.237">PEOPLE MORE NOT TO WORK THAN TO>

< start="29205.509" dur="5.806">WORK.>

< start="29206.543" dur="7.174">UNDER THIS BILL, THE $600>

< start="29208.645" dur="6.173">PAYMENT ON TOP OF STATE BENEFITS>

< start="29211.415" dur="4.671">ACTUALLY ALLOWS PEOPLE TO HAVE>

< start="29213.817" dur="4.271">THEIR INCOME ALMOST DOUBLED IN>

< start="29214.918" dur="5.039">CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.>

< start="29216.186" dur="5.873">AND I WANT TO HELP PEOPLE.>

< start="29218.188" dur="4.471">I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT IF YOU>

< start="29220.057" dur="6.84">LOSE YOUR JOB, THAT WE COVER>

< start="29222.159" dur="6.84">YOUR WAGES.>

< start="29222.759" dur="8.075">BUT UNDER THIS BILL, YOU GET>

< start="29226.997" dur="5.606">$23.15 AN HOUR BASED ON A>

< start="29229.099" dur="5.005">40-HOUR WORK WEEK NOT TO WORK.>

< start="29230.934" dur="4.571">AND IF YOU'RE TRYING TO HIRE>

< start="29232.703" dur="4.17">SOMEBODY IN SOUTH CAROLINA THE>

< start="29234.204" dur="5.372">NEXT FOUR MONTHS, YOU GOT TO>

< start="29235.605" dur="4.939">COMPETE WITH THAT WAGE.>

< start="29236.973" dur="5.105">AND IF YOU'RE WORKING IN A>

< start="29239.676" dur="4.838">RESTAURANT OR PROBABLY NOT NOW,>

< start="29240.644" dur="6.84">BUT IF YOU'RE WORKING ANYWHERE>

< start="29242.178" dur="5.673">FOR $15 AN HOUR, SOMEBODY IS>

< start="29244.614" dur="4.639">MAKING $23 AN HOUR AND YOU'RE>

< start="29247.584" dur="4.872">WORKING.>

< start="29247.951" dur="6.073">IT'S JUST NOT FAIR.>

< start="29249.353" dur="7.908">IT'S GOING TO HURT THE>

< start="29252.556" dur="6.773">RUBIO-COLLINS CONSTRUCT.>

< start="29254.124" dur="6.74">RESTAURANTS THAT ARE OUT OF>

< start="29257.361" dur="5.472">BUSINESS, WE WANT THEM TO BE>

< start="29259.429" dur="5.139">ABLE TO BORROW MONEY TO PAY THE>

< start="29260.964" dur="6.206">PAYROLL TO KEEP PEOPLE CONNECTED>

< start="29262.933" dur="6.106">TO THEIR EMPLOYER.>

< start="29264.668" dur="4.738">NOW WHAT DO YOU DO WHEN YOU MAKE>

< start="29267.27" dur="4.005">$23 AN HOUR BEING ON>

< start="29269.139" dur="3.904">UNEMPLOYMENT?>

< start="29269.506" dur="6.139">HOW DO YOU KEEP THAT WAITRESS OR>

< start="29271.375" dur="5.138">BARTENDER AT $15 OR $17?>

< start="29273.143" dur="4.805">YOU'VE MADE IT A NIGHTMARE FOR>

< start="29275.745" dur="3.571">SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="29276.613" dur="4.271">THEY'RE BEING PITTED AGAINST>

< start="29278.048" dur="4.338">THEIR OWN EMPLOYEES.>

< start="29279.416" dur="5.172">SO TO SENATOR DURBIN AND>

< start="29280.984" dur="5.039">EVERYBODY ELSE, THE REASON WE'RE>

< start="29282.486" dur="5.271">DOING THIS IS BECAUSE THEY TELL>

< start="29284.688" dur="4.037">ME IT TAKES SIX TO EIGHT MONTHS>

< start="29286.123" dur="3.637">FOR THE UNEMPLOYMENT COMMISSIONS>

< start="29287.857" dur="4.005">AT THE STATE LEVEL TO FIGURE>

< start="29288.825" dur="4.438">THIS OUT.>

< start="29289.86" dur="4.504">WHAT ARE WE ASKING THEM TO DO?>

< start="29291.962" dur="4.17">TO GET UNEMPLOYMENT, YOU GOT TO>

< start="29293.363" dur="4.404">TELL US WHERE YOU WORK AND HOW>

< start="29294.464" dur="4.939">MUCH YOU MAKE AND WHAT WE WANT>

< start="29296.232" dur="3.238">TO DO IS FILL IN THE DIFFERENCE>

< start="29297.868" dur="2.836">BETWEEN THE STATE UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="29299.536" dur="4.071">BENEFIT AND YOUR ACTUAL WAGES>

< start="29300.804" dur="5.639">AND STOP THERE.>

< start="29302.639" dur="4.772">WE DON'T DO THAT UNDER THIS>

< start="29303.707" dur="5.105">BILL.>

< start="29306.543" dur="4.438">THERE ARE PEOPLE GETTING PAID>

< start="29307.511" dur="6.606">MORE NOT TO WORK THAN THEY WERE>

< start="29308.912" dur="7.174">IN THE WORKFORCE.>

< start="29311.081" dur="5.572">IT'S GOING TO BE HARD TO NOT>

< start="29314.217" dur="5.473">INCENTIVIZE PEOPLE TO LEAVE>

< start="29316.186" dur="4.938">THEIR JOB.>

< start="29316.753" dur="5.472">YOU CAN BE UNEMPLOYED AT $23 AN>

< start="29319.79" dur="3.637">HOUR IN SOUTH CAROLINA.>

< start="29321.224" dur="4.572">THAT'S MORE THAN A LOT OF PEOPLE>

< start="29322.325" dur="5.973">MAKE.>

< start="29323.527" dur="6.006">SO I'M JUST URGING MY>

< start="29325.896" dur="4.304">COLLEAGUES, WE NEED TO FIX THIS>

< start="29328.398" dur="3.604">NOW, NO MATTER HOW>

< start="29329.633" dur="3.503">WELL-INTENTIONED, YOU'RE GOING>

< start="29330.3" dur="4.338">TO MAKE THE NEXT FOUR MONTHS>

< start="29332.102" dur="3.136">IMPOSSIBLE FOR SMALL BUSINESSES>

< start="29333.236" dur="4.672">TO HIRE, AND I CAN PROMISE YOU>

< start="29334.738" dur="4.371">THIS -->

< start="29335.338" dur="7.875">IF YOU PAY SOMEBODY $23 AN HOUR>

< start="29338.008" dur="6.406">NOT TO WORK, THEY'RE PROBABLY>

< start="29339.209" dur="7.474">GOING TO FIND A WAY TO GET THERE>

< start="29343.313" dur="3.904">RATHER THAN STAYING IN THE>

< start="29344.514" dur="5.206">WORKFORCE WHERE I'M SURE THEY'D>

< start="29346.783" dur="5.906">RATHER BE.>

< start="29347.317" dur="6.774">WE HAVE CREATED A PERVERSE>

< start="29349.82" dur="7.507">INCENTIVE NOT TO HELP THE>

< start="29352.789" dur="5.839">UNEMPLOYED PERSON BUT TO DESTROY>

< start="29354.191" dur="6.173">THE ABILITY TO STAY EMPLOYED.>

< start="29357.427" dur="4.738">SO WITH THAT, I WOULD JUST SAY>

< start="29358.728" dur="4.405">TO MY COLLEAGUES, THANK YOU FOR>

< start="29360.464" dur="4.137">TRYING TO BRING COMMON SENSE>

< start="29362.265" dur="3.838">BACK TO THE BODY.>

< start="29363.233" dur="2.937">I AM VERY MUCH FOR THIS BILL.>

< start="29364.701" dur="5.039">IT DOES HELP A LOT OF PEOPLE.>

< start="29366.236" dur="6.24">BUT WE'VE CREATED A PANDORA'S>

< start="29369.84" dur="4.504">BOX FOR OUR ECONOMY, AND I WISH>

< start="29371.307" dur="4.605">WE COULD FIX IT TONIGHT.>

< start="29372.576" dur="4.204">AND IF WE DON'T, WE NEED TO KEEP>

< start="29374.444" dur="8.609">TRYING AND TRYING AND TRYING.>

< start="29376.012" dur="7.675">WITH THAT, I WILL YIELD THE>

< start="29376.88" dur="8.308">FLOOR TO MY COLLEAGUES.>

< start="29383.153" dur="3.17">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="29383.787" dur="4.071">SENATOR FROM FLORIDA H.>

< start="29385.288" dur="4.872">MR. SCOTT: UNDER THIS BILL AS>

< start="29386.423" dur="6.406">IT'S WRITTEN NOW, THE GOVERNMENT>

< start="29387.958" dur="5.104">WILL PAY MANY AMERICANS MORE TO>

< start="29390.26" dur="4.238">BE ON -- YOU NEED THIS, DON'T>

< start="29392.929" dur="2.87">YOU?>

< start="29393.163" dur="4.371">ALL RIGHT, UNDER THIS BILL, AS>

< start="29394.598" dur="4.036">ITS WRITTEN NOW, THE GOVERNMENT>

< start="29395.899" dur="3.837">WILL PAY MANY AMERICANS MORE TO>

< start="29397.634" dur="4.071">BE ON GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE THAN>

< start="29398.735" dur="5.272">THEY WOULD MAKE IF THEY'RE>

< start="29399.836" dur="5.406">WORKING AT THEIR REGULAR JOBS.>

< start="29401.805" dur="4.805">I SUPPORT EXPANDING THE>

< start="29404.107" dur="4.371">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM.>

< start="29405.342" dur="3.67">IT'S THE BEST AND QUICKEST WAY>

< start="29406.71" dur="4.104">TO GET MONEY TO PEOPLE WHO NEED>

< start="29408.578" dur="3.971">IT MOST.>

< start="29409.112" dur="5.306">BUT WE SHOULD NOT CREATE A>

< start="29410.914" dur="4.471">SYSTEM WHERE UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="29412.649" dur="5.172">INSURANCE BENEFITS ARE HIGHER>

< start="29414.518" dur="4.571">THAN A SALARY.>

< start="29415.485" dur="5.906">WE CANNOT PAY PEOPLE MORE TO NOT>

< start="29417.921" dur="4.771">WORK THAN TO WORK.>

< start="29419.189" dur="4.905">THIS IS BASIC COMMON SENSE.>

< start="29421.491" dur="4.638">MOST PEOPLE WOULD CHOOSE THE>

< start="29422.792" dur="4.472">BIGGER CHECK, AND I DON'T BLAME>

< start="29424.194" dur="4.171">THEM AT ALL.>

< start="29426.229" dur="3.304">NO PERSON WHO UNDERSTANDS>

< start="29427.364" dur="4.371">ANYTHING ABOUT BUSINESS,>

< start="29428.465" dur="4.638">ECONOMICS, OR HUMAN NATURE WOULD>

< start="29429.633" dur="4.638">CREATE SUCH A PERVERSE AND>

< start="29431.835" dur="3.87">RIDICULOUS SYSTEM.>

< start="29433.203" dur="7.641">THIS BILL CREATES AN INCENTIVE>

< start="29434.371" dur="8.108">FOR WORKERS TO BE UNEMPLOYED FOR>

< start="29435.805" dur="8.042">THE NEXT FOUR MONTHS, FACT.>

< start="29440.944" dur="3.871">WITHOUT WORKERS, OUR ECONOMY>

< start="29442.579" dur="4.538">CANNOT BE OPEN.>

< start="29443.947" dur="3.237">IF OUR ECONOMY REMAINS>

< start="29444.915" dur="4.07">ESSENTIALLY CLOSED FOR FOUR MORE>

< start="29447.25" dur="6.74">MONTHS, WE WILL BE IN A VERY>

< start="29449.085" dur="5.206">DEEP RECESSION -- FACT.>

< start="29452.422" dur="4.338">YOU ASK HOW DO I KNOW ALL OF>

< start="29454.09" dur="3.738">THIS?>

< start="29454.391" dur="4.471">I GREW UP POOR IN PUBLIC>

< start="29456.86" dur="4.471">HOUSING.>

< start="29457.928" dur="4.271">MY MOM WORKED THREE JOBS.>

< start="29458.962" dur="5.239">MY PARENTS WERE CONSTANTLY>

< start="29461.431" dur="4.338">STRUGGLING TO FIND WORK.>

< start="29462.299" dur="3.803">I KNOW WHAT IT IS LIKE TO SKIP>

< start="29464.301" dur="3.77">CHRISTMAS AND SEE THE CAR REPO>

< start="29465.869" dur="3.87">SSESSED.>

< start="29466.202" dur="4.805">ON THE OTHER END OF THE SPECTRUM>

< start="29468.171" dur="5.039">I'VE RUN BUSINESSES AND HAVE HAD>

< start="29469.839" dur="3.671">GREAT SUCCESS.>

< start="29471.107" dur="3.27">THAT'S EXACTLY HOW I KNOW THESE>

< start="29473.31" dur="2.035">THINGS.>

< start="29473.61" dur="3.37">THIS ISN'T CONJECTURE.>

< start="29474.477" dur="3.904">THESE ARE FACTS.>

< start="29475.445" dur="4.571">THERE ARE MANY GOOD THINGS IN>

< start="29477.08" dur="3.437">THIS BILL, AND THERE ARE MANY>

< start="29478.481" dur="2.103">PROVISIONS THAT I WHOLEHEARTEDLY>

< start="29480.116" dur="1.702">AGREE WITH.>

< start="29480.65" dur="4.605">BUT THE WORST THING WE COULD DO>

< start="29481.918" dur="5.606">RIGHT NOW IS CREATE A>

< start="29483.887" dur="5.572">DISINCENTIVE TO WORK.>

< start="29485.355" dur="6.54">WE CANNOT GET OUR ECONOMY UP AND>

< start="29487.624" dur="6.039">RUNNING AGAIN, WE CANNOT RECOVER>

< start="29489.559" dur="5.139">FROM THIS -- WE CAN GET OUR>

< start="29491.995" dur="6.473">ECONOMY UP AND RUNNING AGAIN, WE>

< start="29493.763" dur="6.674">CAN RECOVER FROM THIS.>

< start="29494.798" dur="7.607">IT WILL TAKE A LOT LONGER IF WE>

< start="29498.568" dur="4.738">DON'T AMEND THIS BILL TO>

< start="29500.537" dur="3.87">ELIMINATE THE PERVERSE>

< start="29502.505" dur="3.037">INCENTIVES.>

< start="29503.406" dur="3.203">OFFICER OFFICER THE SENATOR FROM>

< start="29504.507" dur="3.737">SOUTH CAROLINA.>

< start="29505.642" dur="3.971">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="29506.71" dur="4.07">SENATOR FROM SOUTH CAROLINA.>

< start="29508.344" dur="4.639">MR. SCOTT: I PLAN TO SUPPORT>

< start="29509.713" dur="4.404">THIS LEGISLATION TONIGHT, BUT I>

< start="29510.88" dur="3.304">DO WANT TO FIX IT FIRST.>

< start="29513.083" dur="3.67">OUR AMENDMENT IS THE A VERY>

< start="29514.25" dur="4.505">SIMPLE AMENDMENT.>

< start="29516.853" dur="5.072">-- OUR AMENDMENT IS A VERY>

< start="29518.054" dur="4.705">SIMPLE AMENDMENT.>

< start="29518.855" dur="4.772">BUT FIRST IT IS OUR>

< start="29522.025" dur="3.136">RESPONSIBILITY TO THE EXTENT>

< start="29522.859" dur="6.206">POSSIBLE TO TAKE CARE OF THE>

< start="29523.727" dur="7.741">AMERICAN PEOPLE.>

< start="29525.261" dur="9.977">I WANT TO PROVIDE 100% OF THE>

< start="29529.165" dur="8.576">SALARY WHILE AN AMERICAN IS LAID>

< start="29531.568" dur="10.911">OFF BECAUSE OF COVID-19.>

< start="29535.338" dur="9.51">100% OF THE SALARY OF SOMEONE>

< start="29537.841" dur="9.309">LAID OFF BECAUSE OF COVID-19.>

< start="29542.579" dur="6.74">MY GOAL IS DO IT THE RIGHT WAY.>

< start="29544.948" dur="6.573">THE RIGHT WAY IS THAT YOU GET>

< start="29547.283" dur="7.441">YOUR INCOME AS IF YOU'RE STILL>

< start="29549.419" dur="8.275">WORKING BECAUSE YOU'VE BEEN LAID>

< start="29551.621" dur="9.576">OFF BECAUSE OF COVID-19.>

< start="29554.824" dur="7.074">NOT A RAISE FOR NOT WORKING.>

< start="29557.794" dur="8.442">NOT 200% OF YOUR INCOME WHILE ON>

< start="29561.297" dur="6.74">UNEMPLOYMENT.>

< start="29561.998" dur="8.576">THE GOAL IS SIMPLY TO KEEP YOU>

< start="29566.336" dur="6.64">WHOLE WHILE YOU'RE UNEMPLOYED>

< start="29568.137" dur="6.607">BECAUSE OF COVID-19.>

< start="29570.674" dur="6.606">I CANNOT STRESS ENOUGH AS A>

< start="29573.076" dur="5.572">FORMER EMPLOYER AND, FRANKLY, AS>

< start="29574.844" dur="6.941">A FORMER EMPLOYEE THE>

< start="29577.38" dur="7.174">RELATIONSHIP IT THE EMPLOYER AND>

< start="29578.748" dur="7.741">THE EMPLOYEE IS CRITICAL.>

< start="29581.885" dur="7.14">OUR NATION IS BUILT ON THE>

< start="29584.654" dur="7.808">DIGNITY OF WORK.>

< start="29586.589" dur="10.411">WHAT THIS BILL DOES WITHOUT>

< start="29589.125" dur="9.41">FIXING IT IS IT SIMPLY SAYS YOU>

< start="29592.562" dur="7.374">CAN EARN MORE MONEY BY BEING>

< start="29597.1" dur="3.437">UNEMPLOYMENT -- BEING ON>

< start="29598.635" dur="6.106">UNEMPLOYMENT THAN YOU CAN WHILE>

< start="29600.036" dur="5.739">WORKING.>

< start="29600.637" dur="8.475">THAT IS AN INCENTIVE THAT IS>

< start="29604.841" dur="6.573">PERVERSE.>

< start="29605.875" dur="8.542">WE CANNOT HAVE INTENDED TO>

< start="29609.212" dur="9.343">ENCOURAGE PEOPLE NOT TO WORK AND>

< start="29611.514" dur="7.708">MAKE MORE MONEY THAN TO GO BACK>

< start="29614.517" dur="10.01">TO WORK AND RECEIVE YOUR NORMAL>

< start="29618.655" dur="6.439">PAY.>

< start="29619.322" dur="6.874">WITH THAT, I YIELD.>

< start="29624.627" dur="3.604">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="29625.194" dur="4.806">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="29626.296" dur="5.005">SENATOR FROM NEBRASKA.>

< start="29628.331" dur="5.639">MR. SASSE: THANK YOU, MR.>

< start="29630.1" dur="5.305">PRESIDENT.>

< start="29631.401" dur="5.739">AS SENATOR SCOTT JUST SAID, THIS>

< start="29634.07" dur="4.772">AMENDMENT IS REALLY SIMPLE.>

< start="29635.505" dur="4.972">ALL WE'RE TRYING TO SAY IS WE>

< start="29637.24" dur="4.738">SHOULD HELP EVERYONE WHO NEEDS>

< start="29638.942" dur="4.237">TO BE HELP WITHOUT US>

< start="29640.577" dur="4.004">ACCIDENTALLY CREATING A>

< start="29642.078" dur="3.971">DISINCENTIVE TO WORK THAT'S NOT>

< start="29643.279" dur="4.538">GOOD FOR ANYBODY IN THE COUNTRY>

< start="29644.681" dur="4.237">OR THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE.>

< start="29646.149" dur="5.873">WE'RE IN THE MIDDLE OF TWO>

< start="29647.917" dur="5.773">UNPRECEDENTED CRISES RIGHT NOW.>

< start="29649.018" dur="5.873">WE HAVE A PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS>

< start="29652.122" dur="4.037">AND WE HAVE AN ECONOMIC CRISIS>

< start="29653.79" dur="3.337">INTO WHICH WE'RE JUST ENTERING>

< start="29654.991" dur="2.77">AND WE DON'T KNOW HOW LONG THE>

< start="29656.259" dur="2.936">VALLEY OF THIS RECESSION IS>

< start="29657.227" dur="3.703">GOING TO BE.>

< start="29657.861" dur="4.504">BUT I WANT TO BE SURE THAT EVERY>

< start="29659.295" dur="5.005">AMERICAN WHO'S WATCHING TONIGHT>

< start="29661.03" dur="3.604">UNDERSTANDS EXACTLY WHAT THIS>

< start="29662.465" dur="4.038">DEBATE HAS BEEN ABOUT THIS>

< start="29664.4" dur="2.17">AFTERNOON.>

< start="29664.734" dur="6.774">THIS DEBATE IS HOW YOU CAN BE>

< start="29666.636" dur="7.207">BOTH PRO WORKER AND >

< start="29671.608" dur="3.67">PRO-RECOVERY.>

< start="29671.975" dur="4.871">TO BE KIND AND CHARITABLE AND>

< start="29673.943" dur="4.739">ALSO SIMULTANEOUSLY AFFIRMING>

< start="29675.378" dur="4.805">THE ONGOING DIGNITY OF WORK AND>

< start="29676.946" dur="5.372">THE NECESSITY OF WORK AS OUR>

< start="29678.782" dur="5.138">COUNTRY BATTLES THROUGH THIS>

< start="29680.283" dur="5.005">VIRUS AND ULTIMATELY REBUILDS>

< start="29682.418" dur="4.872">OUR ECONOMY.>

< start="29684.02" dur="3.537">NOBODY HERE IS ARGUING ABOUT>

< start="29685.388" dur="4.204">WHETHER OR NOT WE SHOULD HELP>

< start="29687.39" dur="4.305">WORKERS.>

< start="29687.657" dur="4.338">EVERYBODY ON BOTH SIDES OF THE>

< start="29689.692" dur="3.904">AISLE TONIGHT WANTS TO HELP>

< start="29691.795" dur="3.703">WORKERS.>

< start="29692.095" dur="5.472">THIS IS A DEBATE ABOUT WHETHER>

< start="29693.696" dur="5.94">OR NOT WE'RE GOING TO LET A>

< start="29695.598" dur="7.341">POORLY DRAFTED BILL KNOCK THIS>

< start="29697.667" dur="6.206">NATION STILL HARDER IN THE>

< start="29699.736" dur="5.939">COMING MONTHS BY UNINTENTIONALLY>

< start="29703.039" dur="2.869">INCREASING UNEMPLOYMENT.>

< start="29703.973" dur="3.104">THAT'S WHAT THIS DEBATE IS>

< start="29705.775" dur="2.369">ABOUT.>

< start="29706.009" dur="4.004">RIGHT NOW AS THE CORONAVIRUS IS>

< start="29707.177" dur="4.738">THREATENING OUR ECONOMY, WE KNOW>

< start="29708.244" dur="4.038">WHO THE REAL HEROES ARE.>

< start="29710.113" dur="3.503">THE REAL HEROES ARE NOT>

< start="29712.015" dur="2.936">POLITICIANS.>

< start="29712.382" dur="4.171">THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE HAVE>

< start="29713.716" dur="4.038">BEEN WORKING ALL NIGHT, FIVE OR>

< start="29715.051" dur="4.438">SIX NIGHTS IN A ROW, BUT THE>

< start="29716.653" dur="4.604">HEROES THAT ARE GOING TO BEAT>

< start="29717.854" dur="5.505">THIS VIRUS AND REBUILD AMERICA>

< start="29719.589" dur="5.072">ARE NOT POLITICIANS.>

< start="29721.357" dur="4.605">THE HEROES ARE THE MEN AND WOMEN>

< start="29723.459" dur="3.938">WHO ARE STOCKING SHELVES.>

< start="29724.761" dur="4.972">THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO ARE>

< start="29726.062" dur="4.371">PICKING UP TRASH, THE MEN AND>

< start="29727.497" dur="4.471">WOMEN WHO ARE DRIVING TRUCKS AND>

< start="29729.833" dur="4.871">DELIVERING TAKEOUT.>

< start="29730.533" dur="6.273">MANY OF THEM CONVERTING>

< start="29732.068" dur="5.105">RESTAURANTS WHICH USED TO BE>

< start="29734.804" dur="3.337">SIT-DOWN INTO TAKEOUT>

< start="29736.906" dur="3.971">RESTAURANTS.>

< start="29737.273" dur="5.606">PUTTING FOOD ON THE TABLE FOR A>

< start="29738.241" dur="6.273">LOT OF THEIR AMERICANS.>

< start="29740.977" dur="4.705">THE -- THEIR NEIGHBORS.>

< start="29742.979" dur="4.371">THE AMERICANS AND DAY CARE>

< start="29744.614" dur="4.338">WORKERS DOING STUFF TO WATCH>

< start="29745.782" dur="4.471">OTHER E.R. DOCTORS' KIDS.>

< start="29747.483" dur="4.572">THOSE ARE THE HEROES OF THE>

< start="29749.052" dur="4.638">HEROES ARE THE AMERICANS ACROSS>

< start="29750.353" dur="5.005">ALL 50 STATES, ACROSS EVERY TOWN>

< start="29752.155" dur="6.94">AND VILLAGE AND SUBURB AND CITY>

< start="29753.79" dur="6.273">THAT ARE DOING THE WORK, THE>

< start="29755.458" dur="5.439">ORDINARY JOBS THAT NOW UNDER>

< start="29759.195" dur="3.27">EXTRAORDINARILY PAINFUL AND>

< start="29760.163" dur="3.604">DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES.>

< start="29760.997" dur="4.338">THEY'RE THE HEROES, THE>

< start="29762.565" dur="4.171">SCRAPPERS, AND THE DOERS, AND WE>

< start="29763.867" dur="4.638">SHOULD BE CELEBRATING THEM,>

< start="29765.435" dur="5.372">AFFIRMING THEM, AND HELPING THEM>

< start="29766.836" dur="5.606">ONCE WE GET THROUGH THIS CRISIS>

< start="29768.605" dur="4.571">TO GET BACK TO WORK.>

< start="29770.907" dur="3.937">THIS BILL HAS LOTS AND LOTS OF>

< start="29772.542" dur="3.637">GOOD STUFF IN IT.>

< start="29773.276" dur="5.539">I INTEND TO SUPPORT IT AS WELL,>

< start="29774.944" dur="4.839">BUT THERE ARE PIECES OF THIS>

< start="29776.279" dur="5.071">BILL THAT ARE BROKEN AND THAT WE>

< start="29778.915" dur="3.837">CAN FIX TONIGHT.>

< start="29779.883" dur="3.837">AND IF WE DON'T FIX THEM>

< start="29781.45" dur="3.805">TONIGHT, IT'S GOING TO>

< start="29782.852" dur="3.971">EXACERBATE OUR PROBLEMS AND>

< start="29783.82" dur="3.77">WE'RE GOING TO BE BACK HERE IN A>

< start="29785.355" dur="3.27">MONTH AND TO MONTHS TRYING TO>

< start="29786.923" dur="2.87">FIX THESE PROBLEMS.>

< start="29787.69" dur="3.104">THESE ARE THE AMERICANS WHO ARE>

< start="29788.725" dur="3.603">GOING TO GET US THROUGH.>

< start="29789.893" dur="4.304">THEY'RE THE PEOPLE WHO ARE GOING>

< start="29790.894" dur="4.371">TO KEEP OUR SUPPLY CHAINS ALIVE>

< start="29792.428" dur="3.671">AND THOSE SUPPLY CHAINS ARE THE>

< start="29794.297" dur="2.87">LIFELINE FOR LOTS OF AMERICANS>

< start="29795.365" dur="2.169">RIGHT NOW.>

< start="29796.199" dur="3.236">HERE'S WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE>

< start="29797.267" dur="3.803">BILL.>

< start="29797.634" dur="6.439">AS IT'S CURRENTLY DRAFTED, IT>

< start="29799.535" dur="5.806">THREATENS TO CRIPPLE THE SUPPLY>

< start="29801.17" dur="7.008">CHAIN FOR MANY -- FROM MANY>

< start="29804.173" dur="5.006">DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF WORKERS.>

< start="29805.441" dur="5.673">SOME IN HEALTH SECTOR, FOOD PREP>

< start="29808.278" dur="3.904">AND DELIVERY.>

< start="29809.279" dur="4.471">THIS BILL AS DRAFTED CREATES A>

< start="29811.214" dur="3.904">PERVERSE INCENTIVE FOR MEN AND>

< start="29812.282" dur="3.737">WOMEN WHO ARE SIDELINED TO THEN>

< start="29813.85" dur="3.971">NOT LEAVE THE SIDELINES AND COME>

< start="29815.218" dur="3.637">BACK TO WORK.>

< start="29816.119" dur="4.071">THIS BILL CREATES A PERVERSE>

< start="29817.921" dur="4.271">INCENTIVE FOR MANY EMPLOYERS WHO>

< start="29818.955" dur="3.604">SHOULD BE WANTING TO TRY TO>

< start="29820.29" dur="3.57">MAINTAIN THE EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE>

< start="29822.292" dur="3.904">RELATIONSHIP.>

< start="29822.659" dur="4.704">IT CREATES A PERVERSE INCENTIVE>

< start="29823.96" dur="4.504">FOR THEM TO SERVER THAT>

< start="29826.296" dur="3.603">EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP.>

< start="29827.463" dur="4.305">MANY OTHER PIECES OF THIS BILL>

< start="29828.564" dur="5.305">TRY TO TACKLE THIS PROBLEM IN A>

< start="29829.999" dur="4.905">REALLY CONSTRUCTIVE WAY.>

< start="29831.868" dur="5.205">THE $350 BILLION FOR THE SMALL>

< start="29833.969" dur="5.54">BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, IT IS>

< start="29835.004" dur="6.273">TRYING TO BUILD BRIDGE LOAD>

< start="29837.173" dur="5.506">PROGRAMS THAT HELP EMPLOYERS AND>

< start="29839.609" dur="3.537">EMPLOYEES BE CONNECTED AND>

< start="29841.377" dur="2.703">REMAIN CONNECTED THROUGH THIS>

< start="29842.779" dur="4.638">DOWNTURN.>

< start="29843.246" dur="5.072">THE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PIECE>

< start="29844.18" dur="6.807">OF THIS SHOULD NOT WORK IT CROSS>

< start="29847.517" dur="5.339">PURPOSES TO WHAT THE BILL IS>

< start="29848.418" dur="5.405">ABOUT IN THE OVERALL ARGUMENT.>

< start="29851.087" dur="4.238">NOBODY HAS A PROBLEM WITH THE>

< start="29852.956" dur="4.604">GENEROUS UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS>

< start="29853.923" dur="5.005">THAT ARE IN THIS BILL.>

< start="29855.425" dur="5.405">NOBODY HAS A PROBLEM WITH THE>

< start="29857.66" dur="5.839">GENEROUS UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE>

< start="29859.028" dur="6.807">BENEFITS THAT ARE IN THIS BILL.>

< start="29860.93" dur="7.308">THEY SHOULD BE GENEROUS AMID THE>

< start="29863.599" dur="6.474">NATIONAL CRISIS THAT WE'RE IN.>

< start="29865.935" dur="6.173">BUT WE DON'T WANT THIS PIECE OF>

< start="29868.338" dur="4.738">THE BILL TO CREATE AN INCRINTS>

< start="29870.173" dur="3.87">EF FOR -- INCENTIVE FOR FOLKS TO>

< start="29872.208" dur="3.137">STOP WORKING, HAVE THEIR>

< start="29873.176" dur="4.237">EMPLOYERS PUSH THEM AWAY WHEN>

< start="29874.143" dur="5.239">THE EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYEE SHOULD>

< start="29875.445" dur="4.671">BE TRYING TO RALLY AROUND AND>

< start="29877.513" dur="4.705">TOGETHER TO HELP US BUILD>

< start="29879.482" dur="3.003">THROUGH THIS CRISIS.>

< start="29880.216" dur="3.57">WE WANT TO DO SOMETHING REALLY>

< start="29882.318" dur="3.337">SIMPLE.>

< start="29882.585" dur="4.905">WE WANT TO FIX WHAT'S BROKEN>

< start="29883.886" dur="6.273">HERE BY SAYING UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="29885.755" dur="5.939">INSURANCE BENEFITS SHOULD BE>

< start="29887.59" dur="5.406">CAPPED AT 100% OF THE PAY YOU>

< start="29890.259" dur="4.271">HAD BEFORE YOU WERE UNEMPLOYED.>

< start="29891.794" dur="3.07">THIS ISN'T JUST ABOUT PEOPLE WHO>

< start="29893.096" dur="2.536">ALREADY HAVE BEEN MADE>

< start="29894.63" dur="2.67">UNEMPLOYED.>

< start="29894.964" dur="3.837">THIS IS ABOUT PEOPLE WHO ARE>

< start="29895.732" dur="4.771">GOING TO BE MADE UNEMPLOYED IN>

< start="29897.4" dur="4.538">THE COMING WEEKS.>

< start="29898.901" dur="4.905">ALL THIS AMENDMENT SAYS THAT>

< start="29900.603" dur="5.206">WE'RE VOTING ON IN A FEW MINUTES>

< start="29902.038" dur="5.505">IS THAT WE SHOULD CAP THE>

< start="29903.906" dur="5.272">UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS AT 100% OF>

< start="29905.909" dur="5.338">THE WAGES YOU WERE JUST>

< start="29907.643" dur="5.573">RECEIVING WHILE WORKING.>

< start="29909.278" dur="5.139">IT SHOULD NOT BE SOMETHING THE>

< start="29911.347" dur="5.105">U.S. CONGRESS DOES TO CREATE AN>

< start="29913.316" dur="4.738">INCENTIVE WHERE YOU'LL GET PAID>

< start="29914.517" dur="4.905">MORE BY NOT WORKING THAN YOU GET>

< start="29916.552" dur="5.106">BY WORKING.>

< start="29918.154" dur="5.472">THAT'S PRO RECOVERY LEGISLATION>

< start="29919.522" dur="6.673">THAT TRIES TO KEEP OUR SUPPLY>

< start="29921.758" dur="5.805">CHAINS HUMMING AND TRIES TO HELP>

< start="29923.726" dur="4.538">US TOGETHER, 325 MILLION>

< start="29926.295" dur="3.638">AMERICANS COME TOGETHER TO BEAT>

< start="29927.663" dur="3.571">THIS THING.>

< start="29928.364" dur="4.138">WE SHOULD VOTE FOR WORKERS.>

< start="29930.033" dur="3.77">WE SHOULD VOTE FOR RECOVERY, AND>

< start="29931.334" dur="3.203">WE SHOULD VOTE TO BEAT THIS>

< start="29932.602" dur="3.469">THING AND COME OUT STRONGER ON>

< start="29933.903" dur="2.736">THE OTHER SIDE.>

< start="29934.637" dur="2.569">THANK YOU, MR. PRESIDENT.>

< start="29936.172" dur="2.136">A SENATOR: MR. PRESIDENT?>

< start="29936.739" dur="2.203">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="29937.306" dur="3.104">SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.>

< start="29938.408" dur="3.77">MR. DURBIN: MR. PRESIDENT, I>

< start="29939.042" dur="4.471">WOULD LIKE TO ADDRESS THIS ISSUE>

< start="29940.51" dur="4.104">BECAUSE I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT>

< start="29942.278" dur="2.603">WE EXPLAIN WHERE WE ARE TODAY>

< start="29943.613" dur="3.67">AND WHY WE'VE REACHED THIS>

< start="29944.714" dur="4.471">POINT.>

< start="29944.981" dur="6.073">I CAN RECALL WHEN SENATOR GRAHAM>

< start="29947.383" dur="5.272">CROSSED THE AISLE A WEEK OR SO>

< start="29949.285" dur="5.572">AGO PERHAPS AND STARTED TALKING>

< start="29951.154" dur="4.003">ABOUT UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE AND>

< start="29952.755" dur="4.205">HIS GOALS WITH UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="29954.957" dur="3.27">INSURANCE.>

< start="29955.257" dur="5.173">IT SOUNDED CONSISTENT WITH THE>

< start="29957.06" dur="4.371">LANGUAGE IN CONVERSATION I HEARD>

< start="29958.327" dur="4.338">IN OUR OWN SIDE OF THE AISLE,>

< start="29960.53" dur="3.336">OUR OWN CAUCUS.>

< start="29961.531" dur="4.971">TO USE THE UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="29962.765" dur="5.239">INSURANCE SYSTEM AS A WAY TO>

< start="29963.966" dur="5.906">MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE WERE ABLE>

< start="29966.602" dur="4.004">TO REALLY WEATHER THE STORM WHEN>

< start="29968.104" dur="3.704">IT COME TO THE PUBLIC HEALTH>

< start="29969.972" dur="4.472">CRISIS WE FACE.>

< start="29970.706" dur="5.806">THERE ARE A NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO>

< start="29971.908" dur="6.44">ARE FILING FOR UNEMPLOYMENT HAS>

< start="29974.544" dur="6.806">GONE UP DRAMATICALLY.>

< start="29976.612" dur="7.041">TWO MILLION NEW UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="29978.448" dur="6.606">CLAIMS FILED LAST WEEK COMPARED>

< start="29981.45" dur="5.139">TO 218,000 NATIONWIDE IN>

< start="29983.753" dur="4.838">PREVIOUS WEEKS.>

< start="29985.154" dur="7.875">SO WE KNOW THAT THE NUMBER OF>

< start="29986.689" dur="7.741">PEOPLE WHO HAVE LOST THEIR JOBS,>

< start="29988.691" dur="6.807">LAID OFF, FURLOUGHED, FIRED IS>

< start="29993.129" dur="4.404">GROWING JUST IN A FASHION WE'VE>

< start="29994.53" dur="4.271">NEVER SEEN BEFORE.>

< start="29995.598" dur="3.937">I'VE SEEN IT REPORTED IN MY>

< start="29997.633" dur="3.304">STATE, I'M SURE EACH OF YOU HAVE>

< start="29998.901" dur="2.269">SEEN THE SAME.>

< start="29999.635" dur="3.738">BUT LET'S GET DOWN TO THE BOTTOM>

< start="30001.037" dur="4.538">LINE.>

< start="30001.271" dur="5.839">AND I ASK MY COLLEAGUES TO JUST>

< start="30003.473" dur="6.773">BEAR WITH ME FOR A MINUTE.>

< start="30005.675" dur="6.34">WHAT YOU ARE DESCRIBING IS WHAT>

< start="30007.21" dur="6.373">WE INITIALLY SET OUT TO DO, AND>

< start="30010.346" dur="4.271">THEN WE MET WITH THE>

< start="30012.115" dur="4.471">REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED>

< start="30013.683" dur="4.538">STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR.>

< start="30014.717" dur="5.272">I WAS IN ONE OF THE TASK FORCES>

< start="30016.686" dur="4.504">FOR THE SENATE FINANCE>

< start="30018.321" dur="4.237">COMMITTEE, AND I SAT THERE AS A>

< start="30020.089" dur="4.405">REPRESENTATIVE FROM THE U.S.>

< start="30021.29" dur="5.306">DEPARTMENT OF LABOR CAME IN AND>

< start="30022.658" dur="5.005">SAID SENATORS, YOU DON'T>

< start="30024.594" dur="4.171">UNDERSTAND 50 DIFFERENT STATES'>

< start="30026.696" dur="4.004">COMPUTER SYSTEMS WHEN IT COMES>

< start="30027.763" dur="4.939">TO UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS.>

< start="30028.865" dur="5.539">WE CAN TELL YOU POINT BLANK THAT>

< start="30030.8" dur="5.205">ONLY SIX OR EIGHT STATES OUT OF>

< start="30032.802" dur="4.972">THE 50 COULD POSSIBLY DO WHAT>

< start="30034.504" dur="5.138">YOU WANT TO ACHIEVE.>

< start="30036.105" dur="5.739">THEY TELL US IT WILL TAKE THEM>

< start="30037.874" dur="5.172">MONTHS TO REPROGRAM THEIR>

< start="30039.742" dur="4.605">COMPUTERS TO MAKE THE SIMPLE>

< start="30041.944" dur="3.938">CALCULATION, WHAT APPEARS TO BE>

< start="30043.146" dur="3.904">A SIMPLE CALCULATION, THAT SAYS>

< start="30044.447" dur="3.803">YOU NEVER GET PAID MORE IN>

< start="30045.982" dur="4.037">UNEMPLOYMENT THAN YOU WERE>

< start="30047.15" dur="4.271">MAKING ON THE JOB.>

< start="30048.35" dur="4.572">THAT WAS THE REALITY.>

< start="30050.119" dur="3.404">WE DIDN'T MAKE THAT UP.>

< start="30051.521" dur="4.437">THIS WASN'T A DEMOCRATIC DREAMED>

< start="30053.022" dur="3.737">UP IDEA.>

< start="30053.623" dur="5.105">THIS WAS THE TRUMP>

< start="30056.058" dur="4.872">ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF>

< start="30056.859" dur="5.606">LABOR TELLING US THAT WHEN THEY>

< start="30058.828" dur="4.705">LOOKED AT THE STATE DEPARTMENTS>

< start="30061.03" dur="3.136">OF LABOR, THEY COULDN'T ACHIEVE>

< start="30062.565" dur="2.402">WHAT YOU WANT TO ACHIEVE WITH>

< start="30063.633" dur="2.869">YOUR AMENDMENT.>

< start="30064.266" dur="3.437">IN OTHER WORDS, IF YOU GO>

< start="30065.067" dur="4.305">FORWARD AND YOU'RE SUCCESSFUL -->

< start="30066.602" dur="5.739">I DON'T BELIEVE YOU WILL BE -->

< start="30067.803" dur="6.24">BUT IF YOU WERE SUCCESSFUL, WHAT>

< start="30069.472" dur="5.839">WE WOULD END UP WITH IS, >

< start="30072.442" dur="3.803">FRANKLY, A DEADLOCK, NO>

< start="30074.143" dur="5.139">INCREASES IN UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="30075.411" dur="5.572">INSURANCE BENEFITS.>

< start="30076.345" dur="6.44">NOW, LET ME TELL YOU BEYOND THIS>

< start="30079.382" dur="5.005">ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEM WHICH WAS>

< start="30081.083" dur="4.672">NOT OUR CREATION, WAS IDENTIFIED>

< start="30082.885" dur="3.871">BY THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION,>

< start="30084.487" dur="4.738">BEYOND THIS ADMINISTRATIVE>

< start="30085.855" dur="3.737">PROBLEM THERE ARE TWO OR THREE>

< start="30086.856" dur="4.238">THINGS I WANT TO SAY AS A BOTTOM>

< start="30089.325" dur="3.771">LINE.>

< start="30089.692" dur="5.906">FIRST, WE ARE DETERMINED TO MAKE>

< start="30091.194" dur="5.839">SURE THAT THE WORKERS COME OUT>

< start="30093.196" dur="5.672">AT LEAST WHOLE IF NOT BETTER>

< start="30095.698" dur="4.238">THROUGH THIS TERRIBLE EXPERIENCE>

< start="30097.133" dur="4.838">THEY'RE GOING THROUGH.>

< start="30098.968" dur="4.338">NOW, THIS NOTION THAT THE>

< start="30100.036" dur="4.771">WORKERS WOULD COME OUT BETTER IS>

< start="30102.071" dur="5.439">NOT UNIQUE TO THE DEMOCRATIC>

< start="30103.406" dur="7.007">SIDE OF THE AISLE.>

< start="30104.907" dur="7.474">THE CASH PAYMENT PROPOSED BY THE>

< start="30107.61" dur="6.073">TRUMP ADMINISTRATION, $1,200 PER>

< start="30110.513" dur="5.505">ADULT, $500 PER CHILD, FOR SOME>

< start="30112.481" dur="4.605">WILL BE A BENEFIT.>

< start="30113.783" dur="4.004">MAY EVEN BE A SMALL BUT>

< start="30116.118" dur="3.07">IMPORTANT WINDFALL THAT COMES>

< start="30117.186" dur="3.304">THEIR WAY.>

< start="30117.887" dur="4.004">SO BE IT.>

< start="30119.288" dur="4.371">THAT WORKING FAMILIES ACROSS>

< start="30120.59" dur="3.703">AMERICA WOULD END UP WITH THIS>

< start="30121.991" dur="3.203">CASH PAYMENT FROM THE TRUMP>

< start="30123.759" dur="3.738">ADMINISTRATION, I DON'T OBJECT>

< start="30124.393" dur="4.505">TO IT AT ALL.>

< start="30125.294" dur="6.407">BUT THE DEMOCRATS HAVE SAID>

< start="30127.597" dur="4.371">THAT'S ONE AND DONE.>

< start="30128.998" dur="4.204">THAT'S AN AIR DROP OF CASH TO>

< start="30131.801" dur="2.202">PEOPLE.>

< start="30132.068" dur="3.37">WHAT ABOUT THE NEXT WEEK AND THE>

< start="30133.302" dur="3.304">NEXT MONTH?>

< start="30134.103" dur="5.139">THAT'S WHY WE BROUGHT UP THE>

< start="30135.538" dur="5.672">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE.>

< start="30136.706" dur="5.772">NOW, THE $600 FIGURE WE CAME UP>

< start="30139.342" dur="3.804">WITH WAS AN ATTEMPT TO MAKE SURE>

< start="30141.31" dur="4.505">THAT EVERYONE WAS WHOLE AT THE>

< start="30142.578" dur="7.808">END OF THE DAY.>

< start="30143.246" dur="8.708">I WILL CONCEDE YOUR POINT.>

< start="30145.915" dur="7.474">SOME WORKERS, SOME MAY END UP>

< start="30150.486" dur="4.204">COMING OUT AHEAD BECAUSE OF THIS>

< start="30152.054" dur="3.938">CALCULATION, $600 A WEEK.>

< start="30153.489" dur="4.104">THEY MAY COME OUT AHEAD.>

< start="30154.79" dur="4.438">I'M NOT GOING TO STAND HERE AND>

< start="30156.092" dur="3.47">SAY I FEEL BADLY ABOUT THAT.>

< start="30157.693" dur="2.837">I DON'T FEEL BADLY ABOUT THAT AT>

< start="30159.328" dur="3.103">ALL.>

< start="30159.662" dur="4.505">WHEN LESS THAN HALF OF THE>

< start="30160.63" dur="5.272">PEOPLE IN AMERICA HAVE $400 IN>

< start="30162.531" dur="5.439">THEIR SAVINGS, THE NOTION THAT>

< start="30164.267" dur="7.207">WE MIGHT END UP GIVING PEOPLE>

< start="30166.002" dur="7.174">ANOTHER $1,000 OR $2,000 AT THE>

< start="30168.07" dur="6.44">END OF FOUR MONTHS, TO ME THAT>

< start="30171.574" dur="4.204">IS NOT SOMETHING WE OUGHT TO BE>

< start="30173.276" dur="3.436">ASHAMED OF OR RUN AWAY FROM.>

< start="30174.61" dur="4.104">THAT IS A REAL POSSIBILITY AND>

< start="30175.878" dur="4.004">IT MAY HAPPEN.>

< start="30176.812" dur="4.271">I WILL SUPPORT THAT JUST AS I>

< start="30178.814" dur="3.738">SUPPORTED THE TRUMP>

< start="30179.982" dur="3.571">ADMINISTRATION'S CASH PAYMENT TO>

< start="30181.183" dur="3.804">THAT SAME FAMILY.>

< start="30182.652" dur="2.836">THEY'RE GOING THROUGH SOME TOUGH>

< start="30183.653" dur="3.403">TIMES AND THEY HAVE FOR A LONG,>

< start="30185.087" dur="4.839">LONG TIME.>

< start="30185.588" dur="5.138">HOW MANY OF US HAVE GIVEN>

< start="30187.156" dur="4.905">SPEECHES ON THIS FLOOR ABOUT>

< start="30190.026" dur="3.703">INCOME INEQUALITY IN AMERICA AND>

< start="30190.826" dur="4.638">SOME OF THE HARDEST WORKING>

< start="30192.161" dur="3.67">PEOPLE STILL UNABLE TO MAKE IT>

< start="30193.829" dur="3.437">PAYCHECK TO PAYCHECK, WEEK TO>

< start="30195.564" dur="3.27">WEEK.>

< start="30195.931" dur="4.005">SO LET'S GIVE THEM THAT HELPING>

< start="30197.366" dur="2.637">HAND AND NOT APOLOGIZE FOR IT>

< start="30198.934" dur="3.771">FOR A MINUTE.>

< start="30200.069" dur="5.139">WE'RE STANDING WITH THESE WORKER>

< start="30202.805" dur="2.903">AND THEIR -- WORKERS AND THEIR>

< start="30204.14" dur="3.77">FAMILIES AND I THINK YOU WANT TO>

< start="30205.308" dur="4.604">AS WELL.>

< start="30205.808" dur="5.639">THE WAY YOU WANT TO CALCULATE IT>

< start="30208.01" dur="4.505">WE'RE TOLD IT CANNOT BE DONE.>

< start="30210.012" dur="4.972">IF CANNOT BE DONE IN A FASHION>

< start="30211.547" dur="3.67">THAT BRINGS RELIEF TO THESE>

< start="30212.615" dur="4.237">FAMILIES WHEN THEY NEED IT RIGHT>

< start="30215.084" dur="2.001">NOW.>

< start="30215.318" dur="2.802">A SENATOR: WOULD THE GENTLEMAN>

< start="30216.952" dur="2.637">YIELD?>

< start="30217.186" dur="3.937">MR. DURBIN: I'M HAPPY TO YIELD>

< start="30218.22" dur="3.504">AS SOON AS I FINISH BUT I WANT>

< start="30219.689" dur="4.137">TO MAKE THIS POINT AS CLEARLY AS>

< start="30221.223" dur="3.07">I CAN.>

< start="30221.824" dur="3.904">I BELIEVE THIS IS NOT A>

< start="30223.926" dur="3.57">WINDFALL.>

< start="30224.393" dur="4.271">LET'S ASSUME INSTEAD OF $600 A>

< start="30225.828" dur="5.406">WEEK YOUR CALCULATION MAKES IT>

< start="30227.596" dur="4.839">$450 A WEEK.>

< start="30228.764" dur="4.905">SO $150 TIMES 16 WEEKS.>

< start="30231.334" dur="4.437">THAT'S FOUR MONTHS.>

< start="30232.535" dur="3.503">HOW MUCH IS THAT GOING TO COME>

< start="30233.769" dur="3.771">OUT TO?>

< start="30235.871" dur="3.07">$2,400.>

< start="30236.138" dur="4.004">IS THAT GOING TO MEAN THAT>

< start="30237.64" dur="3.57">SOMEONE NOW BECOMES LAZY AND>

< start="30239.041" dur="4.471">WON'T GO BACK TO WORK?>

< start="30240.242" dur="5.573">I DON'T THINK SO.>

< start="30241.31" dur="6.707">I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE WILL USE>

< start="30243.612" dur="4.472">THAT MONEY AND NEED THAT MONEY>

< start="30245.915" dur="4.504">AND ARE GIVEN A HELPING HAND AND>

< start="30248.15" dur="3.904">WILL PUT IT RIGHT BACK IN THE>

< start="30250.519" dur="2.87">ECONOMY.>

< start="30250.853" dur="4.171">THAT'S WHAT THIS IS ABOUT, THAT>

< start="30252.154" dur="4.772">THESE FAMILIES CAN KEEP THEIR>

< start="30253.489" dur="4.972">HOMES, PAY THEIR UTILITY BILLS,>

< start="30255.124" dur="4.538">PUT FOOD ON THE TABLE, AND PUT>

< start="30257.026" dur="4.571">THE MONEY BACK INTO THE ECONOMY.>

< start="30258.561" dur="5.739">THAT'S PART OF WHAT WE'RE TRYING>

< start="30259.762" dur="7.407">TO ACHIEVE HERE.>

< start="30261.697" dur="7.107">IF WE ERR ON THE SIDE OF GIVING>

< start="30264.4" dur="6.173">A HARDWORKING FAMILY AN EXTRA>

< start="30267.269" dur="4.338">$1,000 OR $2,000 BECAUSE OF OUR>

< start="30268.904" dur="3.904">APPROACH, SO BE IT.>

< start="30270.673" dur="3.537">NO APOLOGIES.>

< start="30271.707" dur="4.104">WE DIDN'T DESIGN THE SYSTEM.>

< start="30272.908" dur="4.038">WE WERE TOLD WE HAD TO WORK>

< start="30274.31" dur="4.671">WITHIN THE DESIGN OF THE SYSTEM.>

< start="30275.911" dur="4.405">WE'VE TRIED TO DO IT.>

< start="30277.046" dur="5.272">WE THINK THE $600 A WEEK IS A>

< start="30279.081" dur="4.505">REASONABLE WAY TO DO IT.>

< start="30280.416" dur="5.072">I'LL YIELD FOR A QUESTION.>

< start="30282.418" dur="5.639">MR. SCOTT: THANK YOU, SENATOR.>

< start="30283.686" dur="7.941">THE $600 A WEEK I THINK IF I DO>

< start="30285.588" dur="9.743">THE MATH QUICKLY TIMES 16 IS>

< start="30288.157" dur="10.043">ABOUT $9,600 ADD ON TOP OF THE>

< start="30291.727" dur="7.808">ADDITIONAL $1,200 FOR A PERSON,>

< start="30295.431" dur="5.939">$2,400 PER FAMILY.>

< start="30298.3" dur="4.238">YOU HAVE HIT ON THE POINT WE>

< start="30299.635" dur="4.204">SHOULD ALL BE WILLING TO AGREE>

< start="30301.47" dur="4.672">ON THAT THE SYSTEMS OF>

< start="30302.638" dur="4.238">UNEMPLOYMENT THROUGHOUT OUR>

< start="30303.939" dur="4.939">COUNTRY, PERHAPS ARE WORKING ON>

< start="30306.242" dur="5.272">ANTIQUATED EQUIPMENT THAT MAY>

< start="30306.976" dur="5.839">NEED TO BE UPDATED SO THAT WE>

< start="30308.978" dur="6.406">CAN IN FACT KEEP PEOPLE WHOLE>

< start="30311.614" dur="4.738">DURING THEIR UNEMPLOYMENT.>

< start="30312.915" dur="4.404">I WOULD LOVE FOR US TO WORK IN A>

< start="30315.484" dur="2.97">BIPARTISAN FASHION TO TRY TO>

< start="30316.452" dur="3.77">FIGURE OUT THROUGH THE>

< start="30317.419" dur="4.338">DEPARTMENT OF LABOR HOW TO FIX>

< start="30318.554" dur="4.838">THE PROBLEM SO THAT THOSE FOLKS>

< start="30320.322" dur="5.072">WHO DESERVE THE BENEFITS GET ALL>

< start="30321.857" dur="5.272">THAT THEY DESERVE BUT THAT WE>

< start="30323.492" dur="5.84">ACTUALLY HAVE A SYSTEM THAT'S>

< start="30325.494" dur="5.272">NIMBLE ENOUGH FOR US TO MEET THE>

< start="30327.229" dur="5.506">NEEDS STATE BY STATE WITHOUT>

< start="30329.432" dur="5.338">EXCEEDING THE NEED SO THAT WHEN>

< start="30330.866" dur="5.439">WE'RE IN THIS POSITION AGAIN, AS>

< start="30332.835" dur="5.506">WE'RE LOOKING AT PHASE FOUR,>

< start="30334.87" dur="5.339">PHASE FIVE, WE'RE NOT AGAIN>

< start="30336.405" dur="5.873">HAVING A CONVERSATION ABOUT>

< start="30338.441" dur="5.005">SYSTEMS THAT ARE SO ANTIQUATED>

< start="30340.309" dur="5.172">OR PERHAPS EVEN OBSOLETE THAT>

< start="30342.378" dur="4.204">WE'RE DOING SOMETHING THAT WAS>

< start="30343.546" dur="4.237">NOT -- THAT WAS NOT INTENDED.>

< start="30345.581" dur="3.57">I'M NOT SUGGESTING THAT WE CAN>

< start="30346.682" dur="3.871">GET THAT DONE TONIGHT.>

< start="30347.883" dur="3.337">I'M NOT EVEN SUGGESTING THAT WE>

< start="30349.251" dur="4.672">CAN GET THAT DONE OVER THE NEXT>

< start="30350.653" dur="6.039">FEW MONTHS.>

< start="30351.32" dur="6.974">I AM, HOWEVER, CONCLUDING THAT>

< start="30354.023" dur="5.372">WE SHOULD WORK TO GET IT DONE.>

< start="30356.792" dur="3.203">MR. DURBIN: I DON'T DISAGREE>

< start="30358.394" dur="3.436">WITH MY FRIEND FROM SOUTH>

< start="30359.495" dur="4.705">CAROLINA AT ALL.>

< start="30360.095" dur="4.572">I AGREE WITH YOU COMPLETELY.>

< start="30361.931" dur="3.804">WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF A NATIONAL>

< start="30364.3" dur="2.069">EMERGENCY.>

< start="30364.767" dur="2.703">THAT'S NOT MY ANNOUNCEMENT.>

< start="30365.835" dur="2.469">THAT'S THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF>

< start="30366.469" dur="3.169">PRESIDENT TRUMP.>

< start="30367.57" dur="3.636">I BELIEVE IT.>

< start="30368.404" dur="4.204">WHEN YOU LOOK AT ALL THE PEOPLE>

< start="30369.738" dur="5.206">NOW FILING FOR UNEMPLOYMENT,>

< start="30371.307" dur="5.972">WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE HARDSHIPS>

< start="30372.708" dur="5.873">THEY'RE FACING, THE LIFESTYLES>

< start="30375.044" dur="5.539">WHICH THEY HAD TO LIVE TO TRY TO>

< start="30377.379" dur="4.538">COMPLY WITH SHELTER IN PLACE AND>

< start="30378.681" dur="4.471">ALL THE RULES THAT ARE GOING ON>

< start="30380.683" dur="3.937">HERE, THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE>

< start="30382.017" dur="4.705">FILING THESE UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="30383.252" dur="7.274">INSURANCE CLAIMS, THEY TELL US>

< start="30384.72" dur="8.609">THE REALITY OF THE SITUATION,>

< start="30386.822" dur="8.075">THE NOTION AS YOU SAID, JDZ 9,6>

< start="30390.626" dur="5.105">-- $9,600 TIMES FOUR MONTHS, IT>

< start="30393.429" dur="4.204">BASICALLY COMES OUT TO $30,000 A>

< start="30394.997" dur="5.038">YEAR ROUGHLY.>

< start="30395.831" dur="4.471">THAT'S WHAT THE $600 IS>

< start="30397.733" dur="4.705">CALCULATED TO MEAN ON AN ANNUAL>

< start="30400.135" dur="3.971">BASIS.>

< start="30400.402" dur="5.706">SO ON A FOUR-MONTH BASIS IF WE>

< start="30402.538" dur="5.906">END UP GIVING PEOPLE AN EXTRA>

< start="30404.206" dur="5.072">THOUSAND OR $2,000, IT IS NOT>

< start="30406.208" dur="4.205">INCONSISTENT WITH WHAT THE TRUMP>

< start="30408.544" dur="3.57">ADMINISTRATION SAYS THEY WANT TO>

< start="30409.378" dur="4.405">DO WITH THEIR CASH PAYMENT.>

< start="30410.513" dur="4.871">IN THE MEANTIME, IF WE ARE GOING>

< start="30412.214" dur="4.338">TO MOVE FORWARD AND I HOPE THIS>

< start="30413.883" dur="5.105">CRISIS COMES TO AN END QUICKLY,>

< start="30415.484" dur="5.272">IF WE'RE GOING TO MOVE FORWARD>

< start="30416.652" dur="5.973">INTO A NEW PHASE, PHASE FOUR,>

< start="30419.088" dur="5.272">PHASE FIVE, WHATEVER IT IS,>

< start="30420.856" dur="5.506">LET'S WORK TOGETHER TO TRY TO>

< start="30422.725" dur="4.037">UPGRADE THESE SYSTEMS, TO MAKE>

< start="30424.46" dur="4.371">THEM WORK THE WAY WE WANT THEM>

< start="30426.462" dur="3.57">TO WORK.>

< start="30426.862" dur="4.271">BUT IN THE MEANTIME, WOULDN'T WE>

< start="30428.931" dur="3.604">WANT TO ERR ON THE SIDE OF>

< start="30430.132" dur="4.338">STANDING WITH WORKING FAMILIES>

< start="30431.233" dur="4.271">AND THEIR EMPLOYEES?>

< start="30432.635" dur="4.771">WOULDN'T WE WANT TO DO THAT IN>

< start="30434.57" dur="4.204">THIS FIRST EFFORT?>

< start="30435.604" dur="4.138">I THINK IT'S REASONABLE AND>

< start="30437.506" dur="3.971">THOUGHTFUL WAY TO DO IT.>

< start="30438.874" dur="2.836">MR. SCOTT: HAPPY TO ANSWER THAT>

< start="30439.842" dur="3.27">QUESTION IF THE GENTLEMAN WOULD>

< start="30441.577" dur="2.502">YIELD.>

< start="30441.811" dur="6.239">MR. DURBIN: I WOULD BE HAPPY TO>

< start="30443.212" dur="5.438">YIELD FOR A QUESTION FROM THE>

< start="30444.179" dur="6.107">GENTLEMAN FROM SOUTH>

< start="30448.183" dur="3.104">CAROLINA.>

< start="30448.75" dur="3.971">MR. SCOTT: I WOULD SAY ON BOTH>

< start="30450.386" dur="4.004">SIDES OF THE AISLE THAT WE ARE>

< start="30451.387" dur="4.271">TRYING TO GET TO A POINT WHERE>

< start="30452.821" dur="4.872">WE ARE IN FACT KEEPING THE>

< start="30454.49" dur="7.741">AVERAGE PERSON, ESPECIALLY THE>

< start="30455.758" dur="6.773">WORKING CLASS PEOPLE WHOLE AS WE>

< start="30457.793" dur="6.073">PONDER AND DISCUSS THIS>

< start="30462.331" dur="3.137">AMENDMENT.>

< start="30462.631" dur="4.205">WOULD YOU AGREE?>

< start="30463.966" dur="5.339">MR. DURBIN: OF COURSE.>

< start="30465.568" dur="6.006">MR. SCOTT: MY FINAL THOUGHT IS>

< start="30466.936" dur="6.606">THAT MY GOAL ISN'T TO COME DOWN>

< start="30469.405" dur="5.272">HERE AND HAVE A DISAGREEMENT AS>

< start="30471.674" dur="5.071">MUCH AS IT IS TO ILLUMINATE A>

< start="30473.642" dur="5.105">VERY IMPORTANT PART OF THE>

< start="30474.777" dur="5.839">PROCESS THAT IF WE CAN GET IT>

< start="30476.845" dur="6.374">FIXED THROUGHOUT OUR COUNTRY,>

< start="30478.847" dur="5.139">THAT AS WE TACKLE THESE ISSUES>

< start="30480.716" dur="5.739">IN THE FUTURE, MORE FOLKS ON>

< start="30483.319" dur="4.304">BOTH SIDES OF THE AISLE WILL>

< start="30484.086" dur="5.472">HAVE GREATER CONFIDENCE IN>

< start="30486.555" dur="3.27">GIVING THESE RESOURCES TO THE>

< start="30487.723" dur="3.937">STATES SO THAT OUR PEOPLE CAN BE>

< start="30489.658" dur="3.604">HELPED.>

< start="30489.925" dur="4.405">THAT'S ALL I WANTED TO SAY.>

< start="30491.76" dur="3.804">MR. DURBIN: NO DISAGREEMENT, I>

< start="30493.362" dur="3.437">WOULD SAY TO MY FRIEND FROM>

< start="30494.43" dur="3.904">SOUTH CAROLINA NO DISAGREEMENT,>

< start="30495.664" dur="4.271">BUT THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR>

< start="30496.899" dur="5.305">SAYS WE CANNOT DO THAT AT THIS>

< start="30498.434" dur="7.607">MOMENT, AND AT THIS MOMENT WHEN>

< start="30500.035" dur="6.807">PEOPLE ARE HURTING SO BADLY,>

< start="30502.304" dur="5.806">WHEN THEY HAVE LOST THEIR JOBS,>

< start="30506.141" dur="2.837">FURLOUGHED, THEY ARE WORRIED>

< start="30506.942" dur="3.27">ABOUT PAYING THEIR BILLS.>

< start="30508.21" dur="2.703">THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION SAYS>

< start="30509.078" dur="3.236">THEY ARE GOING TO SEND THEM A>

< start="30510.312" dur="2.97">CASH PAYMENT.>

< start="30511.013" dur="2.836">WE SAY AND I HOPE IT'S A>

< start="30512.414" dur="3.036">BIPARTISAN STATEMENT, WE'RE WITH>

< start="30513.382" dur="2.769">YOU, TOO.>

< start="30513.949" dur="4.171">IT ISN'T GOING TO END WITH THAT>

< start="30515.55" dur="4.438">ONE CASH PAYMENT.>

< start="30516.251" dur="4.639">WE'RE GOING TO STICK WITH YOU>

< start="30518.22" dur="4.038">AND MAKE SURE YOUR UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="30520.089" dur="2.469">INSURANCE BENEFITS ARE GOING TO>

< start="30520.99" dur="3.236">KEEP YOU AND YOUR FAMILY>

< start="30522.358" dur="2.969">TOGETHER.>

< start="30522.658" dur="4.204">IF BY CHANCE YOU COME OUT A>

< start="30524.326" dur="3.904">LITTLE BIT AHEAD IN THIS PROCESS>

< start="30525.427" dur="3.637">WITH THE CASH PAYMENT OR WITH>

< start="30526.962" dur="3.037">THIS CALCULATION IN THIS>

< start="30528.33" dur="3.637">FORMULA, SO BE IT.>

< start="30529.164" dur="4.171">SO BE IT.>

< start="30530.099" dur="4.504">AT THIS MOMENT IN HISTORY FACING>

< start="30532.067" dur="4.472">THIS NATIONAL EMERGENCY, WE>

< start="30533.435" dur="5.139">WOULD RATHER ERR ON THE SIDE OF>

< start="30534.703" dur="4.171">YOU BEING ABLE TO PAY YOUR BILLS>

< start="30536.639" dur="4.17">AND KEEPING YOUR FAMILIES>

< start="30538.674" dur="3.971">TOGETHER.>

< start="30538.974" dur="6.173">FUTURE NEEDS WE CAN DISCUSS, WE>

< start="30540.909" dur="6.774">CAN DEBATE, WE CAN SEE WHAT WE>

< start="30542.745" dur="5.672">CAN DO WITH THE STATE SYSTEMS.>

< start="30545.247" dur="4.538">BUT FOR THE TIME BEING NO>

< start="30547.783" dur="2.836">APOLOGIES.>

< start="30548.517" dur="3.47">$600 A WEEK FROM WHERE I AM>

< start="30549.885" dur="4.071">STANDING IS EXACTLY WHAT>

< start="30550.719" dur="4.138">DEMOCRATS ARE COMMITTED TO.>

< start="30552.087" dur="4.205">I HOPE REPUBLICANS AS WELL.>

< start="30554.056" dur="3.37">BECAUSE OUR BELIEF IS THAT THIS>

< start="30554.957" dur="5.572">IS THE MOMENT WHEN WE NEED TO>

< start="30556.392" dur="6.206">STAND WITH THESE WORKERS.>

< start="30557.526" dur="5.739">I MIGHT SAY I SUPPORT RUBIO AND>

< start="30560.629" dur="4.004">CARDIN AND THEIR EFFORTS TO HELP>

< start="30562.698" dur="3.17">SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="30563.365" dur="3.871">I THINK THAT'S THE RIGHT THING>

< start="30564.733" dur="6.14">TO DO.>

< start="30565.968" dur="6.106">BIPARTISAN FROM THE START AND>

< start="30567.336" dur="6.106">REALLY WITHOUT MUCH CONTROVERSY.>

< start="30570.973" dur="3.403">HAVE WE ASKED ANY OF THOSE>

< start="30572.174" dur="3.57">BUSINESSES TO PRODUCE NET WORTH>

< start="30573.542" dur="2.569">STATEMENTS BEFORE THEY RECEIVE>

< start="30574.476" dur="3.437">THOSE BENEFITS?>

< start="30575.844" dur="4.105">NO.>

< start="30576.211" dur="5.339">WE'RE NOT DOING THAT.>

< start="30578.013" dur="4.738">WE UNDERSTAND THIS IS AN>

< start="30580.049" dur="3.737">EXTRAORDINARY MOMENT, AND WE MAY>

< start="30581.683" dur="3.404">DO SOMETHING DIFFERENT IF WE'RE>

< start="30582.851" dur="4.805">THINKING ABOUT LONG-TERM POLICY,>

< start="30583.886" dur="5.505">BUT FOR THE IMMEDIATE POLICY,>

< start="30585.187" dur="5.472">LET US DO THE RIGHT THING.>

< start="30587.756" dur="3.237">LET'S ERR ON THE SIDE OF HELPING>

< start="30589.491" dur="2.703">WORKING FAMILIES WHO ARE OUT OF>

< start="30590.759" dur="2.436">WORK.>

< start="30591.093" dur="3.837">AND THAT'S WHY I WOULD OPPOSE>

< start="30592.294" dur="4.238">THIS AMENDMENT IF IT'S GOING TO>

< start="30593.295" dur="5.739">BE OFFERED BY THE SENATOR FROM>

< start="30595.03" dur="5.472">NEBRASKA, AND I CAME TO THE>

< start="30596.632" dur="5.539">FLOOR TO EXPLAIN HOW WE REACHED>

< start="30599.134" dur="3.404">THIS POINT, AND I HOPE THAT>

< start="30600.602" dur="5.973">OTHERS WILL CONSIDER MY POINT OF>

< start="30602.271" dur="5.605">VIEW.>

< start="30602.638" dur="6.273">I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="30606.675" dur="3.804">MR. SASSE: I WOULD JUST SAY THEY>

< start="30607.976" dur="3.537">BRIEFLY THAT I APPRECIATE THE>

< start="30609.011" dur="2.802">COMMENTS FROM THE SENATOR FROM>

< start="30610.579" dur="3.103">ILLINOIS EXPLAINING HIS>

< start="30611.613" dur="5.039">POSITION.>

< start="30611.913" dur="5.907">IT SEEMS TO ME THAT FROM WHERE>

< start="30613.782" dur="5.339">HE STARTED, HE SHOULD ACTUALLY>

< start="30616.752" dur="3.871">BE SUPPORTING THE AMENDMENT, AND>

< start="30617.92" dur="3.637">THEN WE SHOULD FIGURE OUT WHAT>

< start="30619.221" dur="3.937">WE WOULD NEED TO DO TO PUSH ON>

< start="30620.723" dur="2.702">THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TO>

< start="30621.657" dur="3.77">ACTUALLY MODERNIZE THEIR>

< start="30623.258" dur="3.437">SYSTEMS.>

< start="30623.525" dur="5.106">BUT I JUST WANT TO SAY IN PUBLIC>

< start="30625.527" dur="4.705">SOMETHING THAT HAS BEEN>

< start="30626.795" dur="5.072">NEGOTIATED FOR THE LAST EIGHT OR>

< start="30628.731" dur="3.903">NINE HOURS, AND WE HAVEN'T BEEN>

< start="30630.332" dur="3.871">ABLE TO GET CONVERSATION>

< start="30631.968" dur="3.469">PARTNERS REALLY ON THAT SIDE OF>

< start="30632.735" dur="4.671">THE AISLE, WHICH ARE YOU ARE>

< start="30634.303" dur="4.17">ABSOLUTELY RIGHT THAT THE>

< start="30635.537" dur="3.671">DEPARTMENT OF LABOR SAYS THERE>

< start="30637.506" dur="3.637">ARE MASSIVE SYSTEM PROBLEMS IN>

< start="30638.573" dur="4.038">THE STATES.>

< start="30639.308" dur="4.571">SO GIVEN THAT WE ARE ENTERING A>

< start="30641.243" dur="5.172">RECESSION AT THIS MOMENT AND>

< start="30642.711" dur="6.039">WE'RE GOING TO HAVE LOTS AND>

< start="30643.979" dur="6.04">LOTS OF NEEDY AMERICANS, THE>

< start="30646.515" dur="4.972">CALLS ON THESE STATE DEPARTMENTS>

< start="30648.85" dur="5.473">OF UNINSURANCE BENEFITS ARE>

< start="30650.119" dur="7.24">SUBSTANTIAL RIGHT NOW, AND SO I>

< start="30651.587" dur="7.641">WOULD JUST SAY, TAKING YOU AT>

< start="30654.423" dur="6.473">GOOD FAITH, THAT YOU'D LIKE TO>

< start="30657.459" dur="5.372">UPGRADE THESE SYSTEMS SO THAT WE>

< start="30659.328" dur="5.372">COULD DO THIS THING WHICH>

< start="30660.996" dur="4.505">DOESN'T ACCIDENTALLY STIMULATE>

< start="30662.931" dur="3.537">UNEMPLOYMENT BY DISINCENTIVIZING>

< start="30664.8" dur="3.103">WORK, I HAVE BEEN TRYING ALL>

< start="30665.601" dur="4.571">AFTERNOON TO GET PEOPLE ON THAT>

< start="30666.568" dur="5.406">SIDE OF THE AISLE TO SAY HEY>

< start="30668.003" dur="4.638">MAYBE WE CAN'T GET THIS SOLVED>

< start="30670.272" dur="4.004">BY DAY ONE OF THE NEW>

< start="30672.074" dur="3.47">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS>

< start="30672.741" dur="3.938">OR BY WEEK EIGHT OR NINE MAYBE>

< start="30674.376" dur="3.137">WE SHOULD HAVE BEEN ABLE TO GET>

< start="30675.644" dur="3.57">TO A PLACE WHERE THE DEPARTMENT>

< start="30676.779" dur="3.336">OF LABOR HAD THE RESOURCES TO>

< start="30677.613" dur="2.936">HELP THESE STATE DEPARTMENT OF>

< start="30679.314" dur="2.569">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE DEAL WITH>

< start="30680.215" dur="2.736">THIS.>

< start="30680.649" dur="3.604">SO I WILL FOLLOW UP WITH YOU>

< start="30681.983" dur="3.671">OFFLINE BECAUSE I WOULD LIKE TO>

< start="30683.051" dur="4.171">WORK WITH YOU ON TRYING TO>

< start="30684.353" dur="4.171">UPGRADE THESE SYSTEMS.>

< start="30685.754" dur="4.438">I HAVE ONE MORE THING TO SAY,>

< start="30687.322" dur="4.705">BUT IF YOU WANT TO GET IN A>

< start="30688.624" dur="5.305">WORD, GO AHEAD.>

< start="30690.292" dur="5.439">MR. DURBIN: I WOULD, AND THE>

< start="30692.127" dur="6.206">NATURE OF THE QUESTION THROUGH>

< start="30694.029" dur="7.007">THE CHAIR, WHICH IS THE>

< start="30695.831" dur="7.04">APPROPRIATE PROCEDURAL.>

< start="30698.433" dur="5.573">MR. SASSE: THE PRESIDING OFFICER>

< start="30701.136" dur="3.704">IS ACTUALLY VERY LIBERAL ON>

< start="30702.971" dur="2.937">THIS.>

< start="30704.106" dur="2.803">MR. DURBIN: THIS IS A DEBATE ON>

< start="30704.94" dur="3.337">THE FLOOR OF THE SENATE.>

< start="30706.008" dur="4.07">IT'S HISTORIC.>

< start="30707.009" dur="3.704">WE DISAGREE ON ONE PREMISE.>

< start="30708.377" dur="3.603">I DON'T BELIEVE IN GIVING PEOPLE>

< start="30710.178" dur="3.37">$1,200 AS THE PRESIDENT>

< start="30710.813" dur="4.804">SUGGESTED FOR EACH ADULT OR IF>

< start="30712.08" dur="4.705">THEY ENDED UP WITH A NET GAIN>

< start="30713.648" dur="4.505">OUT OF OUR APPROACH OF $2,000,>

< start="30715.717" dur="3.504">THAT WE HAVE NOW TURNED THEM>

< start="30716.885" dur="3.737">INTO LAZY PEOPLE WHO WILL NOT GO>

< start="30718.253" dur="2.602">BACK TO WORK, THEY WILL JUST>

< start="30719.321" dur="3.003">WAIT FOR THE NEXT GOVERNMENT>

< start="30720.722" dur="2.903">CHECK.>

< start="30720.956" dur="2.936">THESE AREN'T THE PEOPLE I KNOW,>

< start="30722.424" dur="2.736">AND THEY AREN'T THE PEOPLE YOU>

< start="30723.725" dur="3.604">KNOW.>

< start="30723.992" dur="4.238">BY AND LARGE, THESE ARE>

< start="30725.26" dur="5.039">HARDWORKING PEOPLE WHO WITH AN>

< start="30727.429" dur="4.938">ADDITIONAL $1,000 MAY FINALLY BE>

< start="30728.33" dur="5.773">ABLE TO BUY THAT REFRIGERATOR,>

< start="30730.399" dur="5.205">MAY FINALLY BE ABLE TO GET THAT>

< start="30732.467" dur="5.039">CAR FIXED, MAY FINALLY BE ABLE>

< start="30734.203" dur="4.671">TO GET SOME DENTAL WORK DONE.>

< start="30735.704" dur="4.671">I DON'T THINK PAYING THEM A>

< start="30737.606" dur="4.238">LITTLE EXTRA HERE IS GOING TO>

< start="30738.974" dur="3.804">CHANGE THEIR LIFESTYLE AND>

< start="30740.475" dur="3.804">ATTITUDE TOWARD HARD WORK.>

< start="30741.944" dur="3.136">MR. SASSE: WE WERE AGREEING FOR>

< start="30742.878" dur="4.238">A WHILE, BUT I THINK IT IS>

< start="30744.379" dur="3.304">PRETTY IMPORTANT HERE TO>

< start="30745.18" dur="4.371">UNDERSCORE THAT YOUR MATH ISN'T>

< start="30747.216" dur="3.703">REAL.>

< start="30747.783" dur="8.041">THE REALITY IS IN LOTS AND LOTS>

< start="30749.651" dur="7.308">AND LOTS OF STATES IN THE>

< start="30751.019" dur="6.774">COUNTRY WHERE PEOPLE ARE EARNINN>

< start="30755.924" dur="4.505">HOUR RIGHT NOW, THE UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="30757.059" dur="5.072">OPTION THEY ARE GOING TO BE>

< start="30757.893" dur="5.472">OFFERED IS GOING TO BE MORE LIKE>

< start="30760.529" dur="4.705">$24 OR $25 AN HOUR.>

< start="30762.231" dur="3.303">WE'RE NOT TALKING ABOUT $1,000>

< start="30763.465" dur="3.003">OVER THE COURSE OF THESE FOUR>

< start="30765.334" dur="2.969">MONTHS.>

< start="30765.634" dur="4.304">WE'RE TALKING ABOUT CASES WHERE>

< start="30766.568" dur="4.538">PEOPLE MIGHT HAVE AN ANNUALIZED>

< start="30768.403" dur="5.172">WAGE RIGHT NOW OF $30,000 AND BE>

< start="30770.038" dur="4.705">LOOKING AT AN UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="30771.207" dur="5.004">BENEFIT OF $1,000 A WEEK, WHICH>

< start="30773.675" dur="5.039">IS $50,000 ANNUALIZED.>

< start="30774.843" dur="5.005">SO YOUR MATH ISN'T REAL.>

< start="30776.311" dur="5.806">THE REALITY IS IT ISN'T $600>

< start="30778.814" dur="4.237">TOTAL.>

< start="30779.948" dur="4.772">IT'S $600 ON TOP OF WHAT THE>

< start="30782.217" dur="4.538">UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS ALREADY>

< start="30783.151" dur="5.573">WERE IN THAT STATE.>

< start="30784.82" dur="5.439">AND SO THERE ARE LOTS OF PEOPLE>

< start="30786.855" dur="4.705">WHO ARE STRUGGLING TO WORK HARD,>

< start="30788.824" dur="4.938">TO LOVE THEIR NEIGHBOR.>

< start="30790.359" dur="3.97">WE HAVE GOT A LOT OF HEALTH>

< start="30791.66" dur="4.538">AIDES IN NEBRASKA WHO MAKE $16>

< start="30793.862" dur="3.27">AN HOUR.>

< start="30794.429" dur="3.938">THAT'S A $32,000 A YEAR JOB.>

< start="30796.298" dur="3.47">THEIR WORK IS IMPORTANT.>

< start="30797.232" dur="3.737">THAT'S A VOCATION.>

< start="30798.467" dur="3.503">PEOPLE NEED THEM.>

< start="30799.868" dur="3.938">THERE ARE SICK PEOPLE FROM>

< start="30801.102" dur="4.505">COVID-19 AND OTHER DISEASES>

< start="30802.07" dur="3.838">RIGHT NOW IN NEBRASKA THAT NEED>

< start="30803.906" dur="3.436">THE BENEFIT OF THOSE HEALTH>

< start="30805.707" dur="2.903">AIDES.>

< start="30806.008" dur="4.871">AND YOU HAVE JUST TOLD THEM IN>

< start="30807.442" dur="4.839">THIS BILL, WE HAVE JUST TOLD>

< start="30808.71" dur="4.038">THEM IN THIS BILL, YOUR WORK IS>

< start="30810.979" dur="4.004">A LITTLE BIT IMPORTANT, BUT LOOK>

< start="30812.381" dur="3.904">AT THIS.>

< start="30812.848" dur="4.738">YOU COULD MAKE SUBSTANTIALLY>

< start="30815.083" dur="4.572">MORE MONEY IF YOU DIDN'T DO THE>

< start="30816.385" dur="5.672">HARD THING OF TRYING TO FIGURE>

< start="30817.686" dur="5.739">OUT WHAT DO WE DO WITH OUR KIDS>

< start="30819.755" dur="5.238">TODAY WHEN SCHOOL IS CLOSED AND>

< start="30822.157" dur="4.371">I DON'T KNOW HOW TO DO DAY CARE>

< start="30823.525" dur="4.838">AND MY SISTER AGREED TO HELP>

< start="30825.093" dur="4.872">TAKE CARE OF MY KIDS BUT DO I>

< start="30826.628" dur="4.505">REALLY PUT THE BURDEN ON HER>

< start="30828.463" dur="4.071">WHEN I DON'T HAVE TO GO TO WORK>

< start="30830.065" dur="3.504">FOR THE SAME MONEY?>

< start="30831.233" dur="3.136">I CAN GET SUBSTANTIALLY MORE>

< start="30832.634" dur="3.337">MONEY BY GOING ON THE>

< start="30833.669" dur="3.67">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM.>

< start="30834.469" dur="4.238">THAT'S A DISINCENTIVE TO WORK>

< start="30836.071" dur="4.371">THAT I DON'T THINK YOU BELIEVE>

< start="30837.439" dur="4.638">IN, I DON'T BELIEVE IN AND>

< start="30838.807" dur="3.737">NOBODY IN MY STATE BELIEVES IN.>

< start="30840.542" dur="3.37">IT'S NOT A REPUBLICAN VERSUS A>

< start="30842.177" dur="2.936">DEMOCRATIC ISSUE.>

< start="30842.644" dur="3.404">THIS IS AN AMERICAN ISSUE.>

< start="30844.012" dur="3.137">WE BELIEVE IN WORKERS AND WE>

< start="30845.213" dur="3.504">BELIEVE IN WORK.>

< start="30846.148" dur="3.704">WE DON'T BELIEVE GOVERNMENT>

< start="30847.249" dur="3.203">SHOULD COME IN AND SAY IT'S MUCH>

< start="30848.817" dur="3.037">BETTER OFF TO BE A NONWORKER>

< start="30849.952" dur="3.637">THAN A WORKER.>

< start="30850.552" dur="4.104">YOU CAN MAKE A LOT MORE MONEY>

< start="30851.954" dur="3.97">BEING A NONWORKER THAN A WORKER.>

< start="30853.689" dur="3.87">WE'RE NOT TALKING ABOUT PEOPLE>

< start="30854.756" dur="4.171">WHO SUFFERED LAYOFFS LAST WEEK.>

< start="30856.024" dur="3.971">WE'RE TALKING ABOUT CREATING A>

< start="30857.659" dur="3.604">SYSTEM HERE WHICH WILL>

< start="30859.027" dur="3.504">INCENTIVIZE MORE UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="30860.095" dur="3.937">NEXT WEEK.>

< start="30861.363" dur="3.937">THAT'S A MISTAKE BY THIS>

< start="30862.631" dur="3.604">CONGRESS AND WE COULD AND WE>

< start="30864.132" dur="3.07">SHOULD BE DOING BETTER THAN THAT>

< start="30865.4" dur="3.571">TONIGHT.>

< start="30866.335" dur="4.371">I KNOW THE SENATOR FROM TEXAS>

< start="30867.303" dur="12.412">HAS BEEN TRYING TO GET IN, SO,>

< start="30869.071" dur="11.211">MR. PRESIDENT, I WILL YIELD THE>

< start="30870.806" dur="13.213">FLOOR.>

< start="30879.815" dur="6.206">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="30880.382" dur="6.607">SENATOR FROM TEXAS.>

< start="30884.119" dur="5.172">MR. CRUZ: THIS BILL WILL PASS>

< start="30886.121" dur="3.67">UNANIMOUSLY TONIGHT, BUT I THINK>

< start="30887.089" dur="4.204">THIS AMENDMENT WILL MAKE IT>

< start="30889.391" dur="3.403">SUBSTANTIALLY BETTER.>

< start="30889.891" dur="4.405">I THINK WE WILL SEE A PARTY-LINE>

< start="30891.393" dur="4.271">VOTE ON THIS AMENDMENT.>

< start="30892.894" dur="3.604">I THINK THAT'S UNFORTUNATE,>

< start="30894.396" dur="3.136">BECAUSE THE CONSEQUENCE OF THE>

< start="30895.764" dur="3.937">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE SYSTEM IN>

< start="30896.598" dur="4.038">THIS BILL RIGHT NOW IS WE'RE>

< start="30897.632" dur="4.138">GOING TO SUBSTANTIALLY>

< start="30899.801" dur="2.97">DISINCENTIVIZE WORK, AND IT'S>

< start="30900.736" dur="4.037">GOING TO HURT WORKERS, IT'S>

< start="30901.87" dur="3.17">GOING TO HURT SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="30902.871" dur="3.704">LET ME GIVE YOU A CONCRETE>

< start="30904.873" dur="4.338">EXAMPLE.>

< start="30905.14" dur="4.638">IN TEXAS RIGHT NOW, THE MAXIMUM>

< start="30906.675" dur="4.705">UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE IS $521 A>

< start="30909.311" dur="7.407">WEEK.>

< start="30909.878" dur="7.708">AFTER THIS BILL PASSES, THAT>

< start="30911.48" dur="8.708">WILL RISE FROM $521 A WEEK TO>

< start="30916.818" dur="4.004">TO 1,121 A WEEK.>

< start="30917.686" dur="5.005">THAT IS JUST OVER $58,000 A>

< start="30920.288" dur="4.438">YEAR.>

< start="30920.922" dur="6.107">THAT MEANS IN THE STATE OF>

< start="30922.791" dur="6.073">TEXAS, WE'RE GOING TO BE PAYING>

< start="30924.826" dur="4.538">PEOPLE, OFFERING THEM BASICALLY>

< start="30927.129" dur="3.603">BASICALLY $28 AN HOUR NOT TO>

< start="30928.964" dur="3.403">WORK.>

< start="30929.464" dur="5.806">NOW, LISTEN, EVERY ONE OF US>

< start="30930.832" dur="6.874">RECOGNIZE PEOPLE ARE HURTING.>

< start="30932.467" dur="6.04">THE PROBLEM IS THE INCENTIVE.>

< start="30935.37" dur="4.905">WE'RE CREATING AN INCENTIVE THAT>

< start="30937.806" dur="3.737">WILL HURT SMALL BUSINESSES.>

< start="30938.607" dur="4.338">IF YOU HAVE GOT A WAITER OR A>

< start="30940.375" dur="7.608">WAITRESS WHO HAS LOST THEIR JOB>

< start="30941.643" dur="7.507">FOR A FEW WEEKS, THEY ARE ON>

< start="30943.045" dur="8.174">UNEMPLOYMENT AND THEY ARE MAKIN,>

< start="30948.083" dur="5.505">SUDDENLY THE PROSPECT OF GOING>

< start="30949.25" dur="6.04">BACK TO THAT JOB AND SEEING THE>

< start="30951.319" dur="5.006">MONEY THEY ARE MAKING GOING DOWN>

< start="30953.688" dur="3.537">SUBSTANTIALLY, THAT DOESN'T SEEM>

< start="30955.39" dur="4.004">TOO ATTRACTIVE.>

< start="30956.425" dur="4.671">SUDDENLY THE RESTAURANT OWNER>

< start="30957.325" dur="5.039">THAT'S TRYING TO MAKE THE SMALL>

< start="30959.494" dur="4.538">BUSINESS WORK CAN'T ATTRACT>

< start="30961.196" dur="3.637">THOSE WORKERS BACK, AND THAT'S>

< start="30962.464" dur="4.004">BAD FOR EVERYONE.>

< start="30964.132" dur="4.371">INCENTIVES MATTER.>

< start="30964.933" dur="5.406">WE WANT PEOPLE TO WORK.>

< start="30966.568" dur="5.839">AND SO I WOULD ASK THE SENATOR>

< start="30968.603" dur="5.272">FROM ILLINOIS, YOU SAID THE>

< start="30970.439" dur="4.905">PROBLEM WITH IMPLEMENTING THIS>

< start="30972.507" dur="4.705">PRINCIPLE, THAT WE SHOULDN'T PAY>

< start="30973.975" dur="4.705">PEOPLE MORE NOT TO WORK THAN>

< start="30975.444" dur="4.271">THEY MAKE WORKING, YOU SAID THE>

< start="30977.312" dur="3.804">PROBLEM WAS ADMINISTRATIVE, THAT>

< start="30978.78" dur="3.971">THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND THE>

< start="30979.815" dur="4.638">STATES COULDN'T DO IT.>

< start="30981.216" dur="5.239">WOULD THE SENATOR AGREE WITH>

< start="30982.851" dur="5.506">THIS AMENDMENT AND WOULD THE>

< start="30984.553" dur="7.107">DEMOCRATIC PARTY AGREE WITH THIS>

< start="30986.555" dur="6.606">AMENDMENT IF IT SIMPLY HAD>

< start="30988.457" dur="6.339">LANGUAGE INSERTED TO THE BEST>

< start="30991.76" dur="4.838">EXTENT PRACTICABLE?>

< start="30993.261" dur="5.94">SO ACKNOWLEDGING THAT IT MAY NOT>

< start="30994.896" dur="6.54">BE PRACTICABLE, BUT WOULD YOU>

< start="30996.698" dur="5.439">AGREE WITH THE PRINCIPLE THAT IN>

< start="30999.301" dur="4.638">IMPLEMENTING THIS, THE STATES>

< start="31001.536" dur="4.238">AND THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR>

< start="31002.237" dur="4.705">SHOULD TRY TO MAKE SURE WE'RE>

< start="31004.039" dur="5.839">NOT PAYING PEOPLE MORE NOT TO>

< start="31005.874" dur="4.938">WORK THAN THEY WOULD MAKE IF>

< start="31007.042" dur="5.272">THEY WERE WORKING?>

< start="31009.978" dur="3.17">MR. DURBIN: IS THAT A QUESTION>

< start="31010.912" dur="3.17">DIRECTED TO ME THROUGH THE>

< start="31012.414" dur="3.87">CHAIR?>

< start="31013.248" dur="4.671">MR. CRUZ: I WILL YIELD TO THE>

< start="31014.182" dur="4.738">SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS.>

< start="31016.384" dur="4.038">MR. DURBIN: LET ME SAY AT THE>

< start="31018.019" dur="3.204">OUTSET, WE ARE TALKING ABOUT>

< start="31019.02" dur="3.704">PEOPLE WHO DID NOT VOLUNTARILY>

< start="31020.522" dur="3.504">LEAVE THEIR JOBS.>

< start="31021.323" dur="4.137">THESE PEOPLE DID NOT VOLUNTARILY>

< start="31022.824" dur="4.605">LEAVE THEIR JOBS.>

< start="31024.126" dur="4.17">THEY WERE TERMINATED.>

< start="31025.56" dur="4.171">THEY WERE LAID OFF.>

< start="31027.529" dur="3.136">THEY WERE FURLOUGHED.>

< start="31028.397" dur="3.269">THESE ARE NOT PEOPLE WHO ARE>

< start="31029.831" dur="4.004">GAMING A SYSTEM.>

< start="31030.765" dur="3.804">THESE ARE PEOPLE WHO ARE VICTIMS>

< start="31031.766" dur="5.239">OF THE SYSTEM THAT IS HURT BY>

< start="31033.935" dur="5.039">THIS NATIONAL EMERGENCY.>

< start="31034.669" dur="5.206">AND SECONDLY, IF WE ARE ERRING>

< start="31037.105" dur="5.772">ON THE SIDE OF GIVING>

< start="31039.074" dur="5.672">STRUGGLING, HARDWORKING FAMILIES>

< start="31039.975" dur="6.173">AN ADDITIONAL $1,000 A MONTH,>

< start="31042.977" dur="4.272">$1,000 A MONTH, FOR GOODNESS>

< start="31044.846" dur="5.306">SAKES, I'M NOT GOING TO>

< start="31046.248" dur="5.205">APOLOGIZE FOR A MOMENT.>

< start="31047.349" dur="6.74">THESE PEOPLE ARE LIVING PAYCHECK>

< start="31050.252" dur="4.638">TO PAYCHECK IN MANY RESPECTS IF>

< start="31051.553" dur="4.738">THEY ARE MAKING $15 AN HOUR,>

< start="31054.189" dur="3.704">THAT'S $30,000 A YEAR.>

< start="31054.99" dur="4.404">AND FOR US TO SAY WELL, THEY ARE>

< start="31056.391" dur="4.505">GOING TO END UP WITH A THOUSAND>

< start="31057.993" dur="3.937">BUCKS NOW, THEY WILL NEVER GO>

< start="31059.494" dur="3.671">BACK TO WORK, THOSE PEOPLE, I>

< start="31060.996" dur="4.304">DON'T BELIEVE THAT.>

< start="31062.03" dur="4.972">AND WE HAVE BEEN CONTACTED IN>

< start="31063.265" dur="5.672">THIS WORLD OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND>

< start="31065.4" dur="7.875">SUCH BY NURSES WHO SAY SO YOU>

< start="31067.102" dur="6.873">THINK WE'RE GOING TO QUIT OUR>

< start="31069.037" dur="5.839">JOBS SO THAT WE CAN TAKE ON -->

< start="31073.375" dur="2.302">TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE>

< start="31074.075" dur="3.204">UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS?>

< start="31074.976" dur="3.737">NO.>

< start="31075.777" dur="6.44">WE GO TO OUR JOBS AND DO WHAT WE>

< start="31077.379" dur="6.039">HAVE TO DO AN THE AMOUNT OF>

< start="31078.813" dur="5.706">MONEY IS SECONDARY.>

< start="31082.317" dur="2.936">I WOULD JUST SAY THIS.>

< start="31083.518" dur="4.104">YES, IN THIS RESPECT, I AGREE>

< start="31084.619" dur="4.405">WITH YOU.>

< start="31085.353" dur="5.673">TAKE A LOOK AT THE STATE SYSTEMS>

< start="31087.722" dur="5.206">OF PAYING UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS.>

< start="31089.124" dur="5.973">WE ARE TOLD BY THE U.S.>

< start="31091.126" dur="5.638">DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MANY OF THEM>

< start="31093.028" dur="5.439">ARE WAY BEHIND THE MODERN>

< start="31095.197" dur="3.537">TECHNOLOGY AND CANNOT MEET WHAT>

< start="31096.864" dur="3.371">YOU HAVE STATED AS YOUR GOAL>

< start="31098.567" dur="3.904">HERE.>

< start="31098.834" dur="5.438">IF WE WANT TO WORK TOWARD THAT>

< start="31100.335" dur="5.572">GOAL OF IMPROVING THOSE STATE>

< start="31102.571" dur="5.939">SYSTEMS, AS SENATOR SCOTT SAID>

< start="31104.372" dur="5.639">EARLIER, I WILL JOIN YOU IN THAT>

< start="31106.007" dur="4.338">EFFORT, BUT LET'S NOT APOLOGIZE>

< start="31108.61" dur="2.736">FOR PERHAPS SENDING AN EXTRA>

< start="31110.111" dur="2.269">$1,000.>

< start="31110.445" dur="2.67">ONE LAST POINT.>

< start="31111.446" dur="3.704">WE'RE ASKING THESE PEOPLE TO>

< start="31112.48" dur="4.071">STAY HOME.>

< start="31113.215" dur="3.67">WE'RE ASKING THEM TO HELP US>

< start="31115.25" dur="3.437">DEFEAT THIS VIRUS BY NOT>

< start="31116.651" dur="3.804">WORKING.>

< start="31116.985" dur="5.706">STAY WITH YOUR FAMILY.>

< start="31118.787" dur="5.839">SO ONE OF THE INCENTIVES HERE,>

< start="31120.555" dur="5.439">IF THERE IS A GOOD UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="31122.791" dur="4.571">BENEFIT COMING IN, IS THAT THEY>

< start="31124.726" dur="4.571">CAN KEEP THEIR FAMILIES TOGETHER>

< start="31126.094" dur="4.705">WHILE THEY OBEY THIS DIRECTIVE>

< start="31127.462" dur="4.371">AT LEAST FROM GOVERNMENT STATE>

< start="31129.397" dur="3.604">TO FEDERAL.>

< start="31130.899" dur="3.237">MR. CRUZ: SO THESE QUARANTINES>

< start="31131.933" dur="4.104">ARE GOING TO END.>

< start="31133.101" dur="4.405">THE PERIOD OF STAYING AT HOME IS>

< start="31134.236" dur="4.337">GOING TO END, BUT UNDER THE>

< start="31136.137" dur="3.571">POLICY FAVORED BY THE DEMOCRATIC>

< start="31137.606" dur="4.571">SENATORS, THERE IS GOING TO BE>

< start="31138.673" dur="3.938">AN INCENTIVE THAT'S GOING TO END>

< start="31139.808" dur="4.237">UP WITH MORE PEOPLE BEING>

< start="31142.277" dur="3.47">UNEMPLOYED.>

< start="31142.711" dur="4.337">LET'S SAY YOU ARE A RESTAURANT>

< start="31144.145" dur="4.271">OWNER AND IF YOU KEEP YOUR>

< start="31145.847" dur="7.041">EMPLOYEES ON, MAYBE THROUGH A>

< start="31147.148" dur="6.64">SMALL BUSINESS LOAN, YOU CAN PAY>

< start="31148.516" dur="6.907">THEM, SAY, $10 OR $11 OR $15 AN>

< start="31152.988" dur="3.737">HOUR, WHATEVER YOU ARE PAYING.>

< start="31153.888" dur="3.971">BUT IF YOU LET THEM GO, THEY CAN>

< start="31155.523" dur="4.171">GO ON UNEMPLOYMENT AND MAKE A>

< start="31156.825" dur="3.67">WHOLE LOT MORE MONEY.>

< start="31157.959" dur="4.238">YOU DON'T THINK THERE WILL BE A>

< start="31159.794" dur="4.238">LOT OF SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS>

< start="31160.595" dur="3.938">THAT HAVE THEIR EMPLOYEES SAY>

< start="31162.297" dur="3.303">WAIT A SECOND, I CAN MAKE MORE>

< start="31164.132" dur="3.604">MONEY?>

< start="31164.633" dur="5.038">THAT'S A BAD INCENTIVE.>

< start="31165.701" dur="5.438">WE WANT TO CREATE INCENTIVES.>

< start="31167.836" dur="8.041">I AGREE PEOPLE WANT TO WORK, BUT>

< start="31169.771" dur="7.841">GOVERNMENT CAN MESS THAT UP.>

< start="31171.239" dur="8.442">IF WE MAKE IT MORE PROFITABLE, I>

< start="31175.977" dur="5.406">WOULD MUCH RATHER -- LOOK, THE>

< start="31177.712" dur="4.138">CHECKS WE'RE SENDING, THE $1,200>

< start="31179.781" dur="4.605">A PERSON, THAT DOESN'T CREATE AN>

< start="31181.483" dur="3.203">INCENTIVE.>

< start="31181.95" dur="4.271">IT'S NOT $1,200 IF YOU DO X>

< start="31184.486" dur="3.136">CONDUCT.>

< start="31184.786" dur="3.837">WE WANT INCENTIVES THAT BRING>

< start="31186.321" dur="4.371">PEOPLE BACK TO WORK SO THAT>

< start="31187.722" dur="3.871">THESE SMALL BUSINESSES THAT ARE>

< start="31188.723" dur="4.472">CLOSING THEIR DOORS EVERY DAY>

< start="31190.792" dur="4.004">DON'T STAY CLOSED.>

< start="31191.693" dur="7.274">THEY OPEN UP AGAIN.>

< start="31193.295" dur="7.073">THEY HAVE OPPORTUNITY AGAIN, AND>

< start="31194.896" dur="6.407">IT IS A PERVERSE INCENTIVE TO>

< start="31199.067" dur="2.303">PAY PEOPLE MORE NOT TO WORK THAN>

< start="31200.468" dur="2.937">TO WORK.>

< start="31201.436" dur="6.34">YES, WE SHOULD HELP THEM, BUT WE>

< start="31203.505" dur="5.072">SHOULDN'T TRACK THEM, AND THAT'S>

< start="31205.34" dur="5.138">WHAT THIS POLICY -->

< start="31207.876" dur="4.504">MR. DURBIN: WILL THE SENATOR>

< start="31208.677" dur="5.205">YIELD FOR A QUESTION?>

< start="31210.578" dur="3.838">I AM SURE THE SENATOR IS ACUTELY>

< start="31212.48" dur="3.838">AWARE OF THIS, THIS IS A>

< start="31213.982" dur="2.936">FOUR-MONTH PROGRAM.>

< start="31214.516" dur="3.904">WE ARE NOT OFFERING PEOPLE THIS>

< start="31216.418" dur="2.469">BENEFIT INDEFINITELY.>

< start="31217.018" dur="3.737">I HOPE WE DON'T HAVE TO RENEW>

< start="31218.52" dur="3.236">IT.>

< start="31218.987" dur="4.171">BUT TO SAY I'M GOING TO GIVE UP>

< start="31220.855" dur="3.337">MY LIFESTYLE AND RETURNING TO>

< start="31221.856" dur="3.637">THE PLACE WHERE I WORK FOREVER>

< start="31223.258" dur="3.503">WHERE I WAS JUST LAID OFF>

< start="31224.292" dur="3.504">BECAUSE THEY CLOSED THE>

< start="31225.593" dur="2.77">RESTAURANT, BECAUSE OF A>

< start="31226.861" dur="3.204">FOUR-MONTH PROGRAM, I DON'T>

< start="31227.896" dur="3.87">THINK SO.>

< start="31228.463" dur="5.005">I THINK PEOPLE ARE MORE LOYAL TO>

< start="31230.165" dur="5.238">THE WORKPLACE IF THEY ARE>

< start="31231.866" dur="4.739">TREATED FAIRLY, AND IF WE END UP>

< start="31233.568" dur="4.538">GIVING THEM AN ADDITIONAL $1,000>

< start="31235.503" dur="3.504">MONTH AT THE END OF THE DAY, I>

< start="31236.705" dur="4.905">THINK IT'S THE RIGHT THING TO>

< start="31238.206" dur="5.339">DO.>

< start="31239.107" dur="6.807">MR. CRUZ: THE INCENTIVES MATTER.>

< start="31241.71" dur="6.006">AND WE DON'T WANT TO DELAY A>

< start="31243.645" dur="5.672">RECOVERY FROM THIS CRISIS BY>

< start="31246.014" dur="5.038">FOUR MONTHS.>

< start="31247.816" dur="4.838">HOPEFULLY WE STOP THIS GLOBAL>

< start="31249.417" dur="3.838">PANDEMIC AND WE STOP IT SOON.>

< start="31251.152" dur="2.536">YOU DON'T KNOW HOW SOON THAT>

< start="31252.754" dur="2.102">WILL BE.>

< start="31253.355" dur="3.503">I DON'T KNOW.>

< start="31253.788" dur="4.705">AND ONE OF THE BENEFITS OF THIS>

< start="31254.956" dur="6.24">BILL IS WE'RE FLOODING MORE>

< start="31256.958" dur="5.105">RESOURCES, AND WE SHOULD BE,>

< start="31258.593" dur="5.372">INTO TESTING AND TO PREVENTATIVE>

< start="31261.296" dur="3.47">GEAR, INTO VENTILATORS.>

< start="31262.163" dur="4.472">THERE IS A LOT WE NEED TO DO TO>

< start="31264.065" dur="3.737">STOP THIS PANDEMIC.>

< start="31264.866" dur="4.738">BUT WHEN IT ENDS -- AND IT WILL>

< start="31266.735" dur="3.136">END -- WE WILL GET THROUGH THIS.>

< start="31267.902" dur="3.07">WE WANT PEOPLE TO GO BACK TO>

< start="31269.704" dur="2.703">WORK.>

< start="31269.971" dur="3.704">NOT FOUR MONTHS FROM NOW.>

< start="31271.072" dur="3.37">WE WANT THEM TO GO BACK TO WORK>

< start="31272.507" dur="4.004">AS SOON AS THEY ARE ABLE TO GO>

< start="31273.775" dur="4.104">BACK TO WORK.>

< start="31274.542" dur="6.307">AND THAT'S WHAT OUR ECONOMY>

< start="31276.611" dur="5.772">NEEDS TO BE STRONG.>

< start="31277.979" dur="6.14">I WOULD NOTE AGAIN THAT I POSED>

< start="31280.949" dur="4.271">A QUESTION TO THE SENATOR OF>

< start="31282.483" dur="3.671">ILLINOIS, WOULD HE TAKE A>

< start="31284.219" dur="3.637">MODIFICATION THAT ACKNOWLEDGED>

< start="31285.32" dur="3.57">THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS BUT>

< start="31286.254" dur="4.271">SAID THIS IS THE PRINCIPLE WE>

< start="31287.956" dur="4.504">SHOULD FOLLOW, THAT YOU>

< start="31288.99" dur="4.938">SHOULDN'T BE PAID MORE NOT TO>

< start="31290.625" dur="5.539">WORK THAN YOU ARE PAID TO WORK,>

< start="31292.56" dur="4.905">AND THE SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS>

< start="31294.028" dur="5.239">DIDN'T ANSWER THAT.>

< start="31296.264" dur="4.538">MR. DURBIN: WILL THE SENATOR>

< start="31297.565" dur="4.105">YIELD FOR A QUESTION?>

< start="31299.367" dur="3.437">DOES THE SENATOR SUPPORT THE>

< start="31300.902" dur="3.07">TRUMP ADMINISTRATION'S CASH>

< start="31301.77" dur="3.436">PAYMENT TO THESE FAMILIES WHICH>

< start="31302.904" dur="4.171">COMES TO THEM WHETHER THEY WORK>

< start="31304.072" dur="4.438">OR NOT?>

< start="31305.306" dur="4.438">MR. CRUZ: I DO, I'M GOING TO>

< start="31307.175" dur="3.837">VOTE FOR IT, BUT IT DOESN'T>

< start="31308.61" dur="3.403">CREATE AN INCENTIVE, BECAUSE>

< start="31309.844" dur="3.871">IT'S NOT -- THIS IS WHERE TOO>

< start="31311.112" dur="5.773">MANY IN THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY>

< start="31312.113" dur="6.607">DON'T UNDERSTAND THE INCENTIVES>

< start="31313.815" dur="6.173">OF TRAPPING PEOPLE OUT OF WORK.>

< start="31316.985" dur="5.739">INCENTIVES ARE FUTURE LOOKING.>

< start="31318.82" dur="5.272">SENDING THESE CHECKS RIGHT NOW,>

< start="31320.088" dur="5.172">IF YOU ARE MAKING -- IF YOU MAKE>

< start="31322.824" dur="4.037">$75,000 OR LESS, YOU ARE GOING>

< start="31324.192" dur="4.071">TO GET A CHECK IN THE MAIL IN>

< start="31325.36" dur="4.004">THE NEXT COUPLE OF WEEKS.>

< start="31326.961" dur="3.804">THAT'S HELP AND RELIEF, BUT IT>

< start="31328.363" dur="3.503">DOESN'T CREATE AN INCENTIVE FOR>

< start="31329.464" dur="4.271">CONDUCT TOMORROW.>

< start="31330.865" dur="3.137">WHAT I DON'T WANT IS PEOPLE TO>

< start="31331.966" dur="3.137">BE SITTING THERE MAKING A>

< start="31333.835" dur="2.336">CHOICE.>

< start="31334.102" dur="3.937">MAKE A VERY RATIONAL CHOICE.>

< start="31335.203" dur="4.538">LOOK, IF YOU'RE SITTING THERE>

< start="31336.271" dur="4.771">AND SAYING, GOSH, I CAN MAKE A>

< start="31338.139" dur="4.872">LOT MORE MONEY STAYING AT HOME>

< start="31339.841" dur="6.507">WITH MY KIDS AND NOT WORKING>

< start="31341.142" dur="6.907">THAN IF I GO BACK TO THE JOB,>

< start="31343.111" dur="6.94">THAT'S NOT AN IRRATIONAL>

< start="31346.448" dur="5.672">DECISION IF YOU ARE MAKING 28>

< start="31348.149" dur="5.372">BUCKS AN HOUR TO STAY AT HOME.>

< start="31350.151" dur="4.972">WE'RE CAUSING THAT PROBLEM IF>

< start="31352.22" dur="4.305">WE'RE INCENTIVIZING PEOPLE NOT>

< start="31353.621" dur="5.072">TO WORK, AND THAT'S NOT>

< start="31355.223" dur="5.639">ULTIMATELY IN THEIR INTERESTS OR>

< start="31356.625" dur="6.239">IN THE ECONOMY'S INTEREST.>

< start="31358.793" dur="9.81">THIS IS HURTING WORKERS, TO PAY>

< start="31360.962" dur="9.343">THEM MORE NOT TO WORK THAN THEY>

< start="31362.964" dur="9.076">WOULD MAKE IF THEY WERE WORKING.>

< start="31368.703" dur="4.905">I DON'T THINK PRESIDENT TRUMP'S>

< start="31370.405" dur="4.704">CASH PAYMENT AR AN ADDITIONAL>

< start="31372.14" dur="4.538">$1,000 ANOINTS OR WHATEVER IT IS>

< start="31373.708" dur="3.637">UNDER THE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT>

< start="31375.209" dur="2.636">IS GOING TO TO MAKE A WORKER>

< start="31376.778" dur="3.103">LAYS DID I AND>

< start="31377.445" dur="3.771">GOVERNMENT-DEPENDENT.>

< start="31377.945" dur="4.572">THESE ARE NOT THE PEOPLE I KNOW.>

< start="31379.981" dur="2.603">NIECE ARE PEOPLE WHO GET UP AND>

< start="31381.316" dur="2.736">WORK HARD EVERY DARN DAY.>

< start="31382.65" dur="4.939">IF THEY GET AN EXTRA HELPING>

< start="31384.152" dur="4.805">HAND OUT OF THIS, SO BE IT.>

< start="31386.287" dur="3.871">WE'RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH A>

< start="31387.689" dur="3.704">HEALTH CRISIS AND HELP THESE>

< start="31389.057" dur="2.903">FAMILIES GET THROUGH IT.>

< start="31390.258" dur="2.002">THAT'S WHERE WE STARTED ON THIS>

< start="31391.493" dur="2.335">SIDE.>

< start="31392.06" dur="2.969">AISLE.>

< start="31392.36" dur="3.637">WE MAY TALK ABOUT SOMETHING IN>

< start="31393.928" dur="3.504">THE FUTURE AND APPROACH IT A>

< start="31395.129" dur="3.671">LITTLE DIFFERENTLY, BUT I DON'T>

< start="31396.097" dur="4.705">THINK IT MAKES THEM LAYS DID I>

< start="31397.532" dur="4.171">TO RECEIVE THE PRESIDENT'S CASH>

< start="31398.9" dur="4.571">PAYMENT OR TO RECEIVE AN EXTRA>

< start="31400.902" dur="4.538">PAYMENT FROM THIS UNEMPLOYMENT>

< start="31401.803" dur="5.672">BENEFIT.>

< start="31403.571" dur="6.307">MR. CRUZ: SO, WITH RESPECT,>

< start="31405.54" dur="6.44">THE SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS IS>

< start="31407.575" dur="6.373">SUGGESTING THIS IS SOMEHOW SOME>

< start="31409.978" dur="6.773">NEGATIVE MORAL JUDGMENT, THAT IT>

< start="31412.08" dur="6.34">MAKES THEM LAYS DID I.>

< start="31414.048" dur="6.507">EXACTLY THE CONTRARY.>

< start="31416.851" dur="6.44">I SAY PEOPLE BEHAVE BORG TO>

< start="31418.52" dur="6.406">NATIONAL INCENTIVES R LOOK, OUR>

< start="31420.655" dur="6.94">GIRLS ARE 11 AND 8 AT HOME.>

< start="31423.391" dur="4.772">WE HAVE INCENTIVES ALL THE TIME.>

< start="31425.026" dur="3.971">POSITIVE INCENTIVES, NEGATIVE>

< start="31427.695" dur="3.838">INCENTIVES.>

< start="31428.263" dur="5.038">INCENTIVES WORK.>

< start="31429.097" dur="5.072">WE DO WANT TO CREATE A SYSTEM>

< start="31431.633" dur="4.337">WHERE SOMEONE BEING PERFECTLY>

< start="31433.401" dur="4.538">RATIONAL AND REASONABLE CAN SAY,>

< start="31434.269" dur="4.838">GOSH, I CAN MAKE A LOT MORE>

< start="31436.07" dur="5.539">MONEY FOR MY FAMILY STAYING HOME>

< start="31438.039" dur="4.772">THAN I CAN GO TO WORK.>

< start="31439.207" dur="4.771">IF I GO TO WORK, MY FAMILY MAKES>

< start="31441.709" dur="4.171">LESS MONEY.>

< start="31442.911" dur="3.837">THAT'S A QUESTION OF THE>

< start="31444.078" dur="4.071">GOVERNMENT IS PUTTING ME IN A>

< start="31445.98" dur="4.839">POSITION WHERE IF I WANT TO CARE>

< start="31446.848" dur="6.306">FOR MY KIDS, I CAN DO A BETTER>

< start="31448.249" dur="7.308">JOB OF THAT BY STAYING HOME.>

< start="31450.919" dur="6.273">THAT IS REALLY FOOLISH, AND>

< start="31453.254" dur="5.472">THAT, UNFORTUNATELY, IS THE>

< start="31455.657" dur="5.405">POSITION RIGHT NOW OF WHAT I>

< start="31457.292" dur="4.003">EXPECT TO BE THE DEMOCRATIC>

< start="31458.826" dur="4.205">SENATORS WHO WILL VOTE NO ON>

< start="31461.162" dur="2.202">THIS.>

< start="31461.396" dur="3.603">THAT IS A BAD POLICY FOR>

< start="31463.131" dur="2.336">WORKERS.>

< start="31463.464" dur="5.272">IT'S A BAD POLICY FOR SMALL>

< start="31465.099" dur="3.904">BUSINESSES.>

< start="31465.567" dur="5.472">IT'S A BAD POLICY FOR THE>

< start="31468.836" dur="3.304">ECONOMY.>

< start="31469.103" dur="4.705">WE SHOULD SUPPORT JOBS, NOT>

< start="31471.139" dur="4.604">PAYING PEOPLE NOT TO WORK.>

< start="31472.24" dur="5.672">GIVE THEM A SAFETY NET, YES.>

< start="31473.908" dur="5.105">GIVE THEM RELIEF, YES.>

< start="31475.843" dur="4.338">BUT DON'T CREATE INCENTIVES THAT>

< start="31478.012" dur="4.605">MAKE THE PROBLEM WORSE, AND>

< start="31479.113" dur="3.571">THAT'S WHAT THIS DEMOCRATIC>

< start="31480.281" dur="6.907">POLICY WILL DO.>

< start="31482.75" dur="7.475">I YIELD THE FLOOR.>

< start="31487.288" dur="3.17">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: THE>

< start="31488.723" dur="3.403">SENATOR FROM DELAWARE SPOKE>

< start="31490.325" dur="2.769">FIRST.>

< start="31490.559" dur="3.769">MR. CARPER: THANK YOU.>

< start="31492.226" dur="4.905">THE PRESIDING OFFICER: AND HE>

< start="31493.194" dur="4.204">IS RECOGNIZED.>

< start="31494.429" dur="5.338">MR. CARPER: THANK YOU VERY>

< start="31497.231" dur="5.806">MUCH.>

< start="31497.498" dur="7.575">TO MY COLLEAGUES, I THINK THE>

< start="31499.867" dur="6.841">SENATOR FROM SOUTH CAROLINA>

< start="31503.137" dur="5.606">KNOWS THAT IS I HAVE GREAT>

< start="31505.173" dur="6.907">RESPECT FOR HIM.>

< start="31506.808" dur="5.806">I USED TO BE STATE TREASURER.>

< start="31508.843" dur="5.039">I WAS ELECTED AT TENDER AGE OF>

< start="31512.18" dur="3.136">29.>

< start="31512.714" dur="4.437">WE HAD THE WORST CREDIT RATING>

< start="31513.982" dur="6.573">IN THE COUNTRY.>

< start="31515.416" dur="7.007">WE COULDN'T BALANCE OUR BUDGETS>

< start="31517.251" dur="6.34">TO SAVE OUR SOULS.>

< start="31520.655" dur="4.638">WE HAD PRETTY MUCH NO MONEY IN>

< start="31522.523" dur="3.804">THE UNINSURANCE FUND.>

< start="31523.691" dur="4.839">OVER TIME WE STRAIGHTENED OUT>

< start="31525.393" dur="8.142">OUR FINANCES.>

< start="31526.427" dur="8.776">ELECTED A GUY NAMED PETE>

< start="31528.63" dur="9.876">DuPONT AS OUR GOVERNOR.>

< start="31533.635" dur="8.975">WE LETTERED HOW TO WORK>

< start="31535.303" dur="12.145">TOGETHER, SOMETHING WE CALLED>

< start="31538.606" dur="13.213">THE DELAWARE WAY.>

< start="31542.71" dur="10.678">AND LATER ON I GOT TO BE>

< start="31547.548" dur="6.741">GOVERNOR, SUCCEEDED MIKE CASTLE,>

< start="31551.919" dur="4.705">BUT I WAS VERY ACTIVE IN THE>

< start="31553.488" dur="3.403">NATIONAL GOVERNORS ASSOCIATION.>

< start="31554.389" dur="3.537">EVEN LET ME BE CHAIRMAN FOR A>

<